Electoral district of Algester
The electoral district of Algester is an electoral district of the Legislative Assembly of Queensland in south-west Brisbane. It includes the suburbs of Algester, Hillcrest, Boronia Heights, Larapinta, Forest Lake and Pallara, as well as the Greenbank Military Range, it borders the electoral districts of Sunnybank, Logan, Lockyer and Inala. The Algester electoral district was created at the 1999 redistribution from the former electoral district of Archerfield, was contested for the first time at the 2001 election, it had been a safe seat for the Labor Party since its inception, as had Archerfield, but it was won by Anthony Shorten of the Liberal National Party at the 2012 election. Leeanne Enoch won the seat back for Labor at the 2015 election. Enoch is the first Indigenous Australian woman elected to the Queensland parliament
Electoral district of Cairns
Cairns is an electoral district in the Legislative Assembly of Queensland in the state of Queensland, Australia. The division encompasses the central business district and inner-suburbs of Cairns, in Far North Queensland. Major locations include Bungalow, Kanimbla and Woree. Created in 1888, Cairns has tended to be a safe Labor seat with a blue-collar economy based on sugar and railways. However, in recent decades such industry has been surpassed in importance by tourism and service industries for wealthier retirees and has grown marginal; this trend culminated in 2012, when Gavin King took the seat for the LNP on a massive swing of over 13 percent, becoming the first conservative to hold the seat since 1904. The seat reverted to its Labor ways in 2015, when Rob Pyne defeated King on a swing larger than the one King picked up three years earlier. Pyne quit the party to become an independent in 2016, he was defeated by Labor's Michael Healy in 2017. Electorate Profile
2017 Queensland state election
The 2017 Queensland state election was held on 25 November 2017 to elect all 93 members of the Legislative Assembly of Queensland, the unicameral Parliament of Queensland. The first-term incumbent Labor government, led by Premier Annastacia Palaszczuk, won a second term in government, they were challenged by the Liberal National opposition, led by Opposition Leader Tim Nicholls and minor parties One Nation, Katter's Australian Party and the Greens. The 2015 election outcome had delivered a hung parliament with 44 seats to the Labor opposition, 42 seats to the one-term Liberal National government, three to the crossbench including two to Katter's Australian Party. Just one seat short of majority government, Labor was able to form minority government with confidence and supply support from sole independent MP Peter Wellington, while retaining the right to otherwise vote on conscience. During the parliamentary term, Labor MPs Billy Gordon and Rob Pyne became independent MPs, however they both indicated they would provide confidence and supply support for the government.
Amendments to electoral laws increased the number of seats by four from 89 to 93 and changed the optional preferential voting system to compulsory full-preferential voting. A 2016 referendum replaced the state's unfixed maximum three-year terms with fixed four-year terms, but these will not apply until the 2020 election; the day after the election, ABC election analyst Antony Green predicted that Labor would win up to 48 seats and was to form government in its own right. By 6 December, several news agencies reported that Labor had won a majority of seats in the Parliament. With the redistribution increasing the size of parliament from 89 seats to 93 seats, Labor increased its representation by a net seven seats to a total of 48 seats, an increase of four since the last election and a notional increase of one since the redistribution, allowing it to form government in its own right by two seats; the Liberal National opposition decreased their representation by a net three seats to a total of 39 seats, a decrease of two seats since the last election and a notional decrease of five since the redistribution.
On the crossbench, Katter's Australian Party won three seats, an increase of one since the last election and a notional increase of two since the redistribution, one new independent candidate won a seat while all the incumbent independents lost their seats. One Nation won its first seat since 2009 and the Greens won a seat at a state election for the first time. On 8 December 2017, Opposition Leader Tim Nicholls conceded defeat and announced he would step down as leader of the party; that day, Palaszczuk visited Government House and was invited to form a majority government by the Governor. The Second Palaszczuk Ministry was subsequently sworn in by the Governor on 12 December 2017; this marked the ninth time in the last ten elections. Independent: Sandy Bolton The seats of Burdekin and Mount Ommaney were won by the LNP at the 2015 election, but redistributions in 2016 made them notionally Labor seats; the 2017 election saw the ALP continue its Queensland general election streak of successes, which it had managed since 1989, with the notable exception of the 2012 LNP landslide.
Katter's Australia Party, by winning a third seat in Hinchinbrook, achieved its largest swag of seats, since its inception in 2011. The Greens party recorded its highest vote in a Queensland state election, polling double figures for the first time and winning its first Queensland seat at an election, Maiwar. One Nation polled a significant 13.7% of the vote and won its first seat in 9 years. However the party lost its state leader, Steve Dickson, its tally of a single seat fell well below expectations; the election gave the LNP the least cause to rejoice: it performed poorly in South-East Queensland as well as in the north of the state. This election resulted in a number of historical milestones being achieved for the representation in the Queensland Parliament; these include: the first Australian woman premier to win government from Opposition and be re-elected, Annastacia Palaszczuk. Prior to the election, the Shooting Industry Foundation of Australia used $550,000 to launch an advertising campaign, named Flick’em, in an effort to urge voters to put both major parties last in ballot paper preferences.
This campaign boosted votes for Pauline Hanson's One Nation and the Katter's Australian Party and achieved lowest major party votes in QLD history. The Firearm Owners United, a new gun rights group which in 2017 made its first financi
Electoral district of Kawana
Kawana is an electoral district of the Legislative Assembly in the Australian state of Queensland. Based on the Sunshine Coast, the district has been held by both sides of politics over its short history. A coastal urban electorate lying to the east of the Bruce Highway, Kawana includes the suburbs of Kawana Waters, Sippy Downs, Buddina, Warana and Birtinya, it includes Aroona, Little Mountain and parts of Currimundi and Caloundra West, all of which were added to the district at the redistribution ahead of the 2009 state election. The district stretched further north and west to include the suburbs of Buderim, Mountain Creek and Tanawha. However, these parts were redistributed into the new district of Buderim by the aforementioned redistribution. First created for the 2001 state election, Kawana replaced the abolished district of Mooloolah; the sitting member for Mooloolah, Bruce Laming of the Liberal Party, contested the seat, but was defeated by Chris Cummins of the Labor Party, who subsequently retained the seat at the 2004 state election.
Cummins became a minister in the government of Peter Beattie before losing his seat to Liberal Party candidate Steve Dickson at the 2006 state election. Dickson transferred to the new seat of Buderim at the 2009 state election and was succeeded by Liberal National candidate Jarrod Bleijie. Map of the electoral district of Kawana, 2017, Electoral Commission of Queensland Electorate profile
Liberal National Party of Queensland
The Liberal National Party of Queensland is a political party in Queensland, Australia. It was formed in 2008 by a merger of the Queensland divisions of the Liberal Party and the National Party. At a federal level and in most other states the two parties remain distinct and operate as a more or less permanent Coalition; the LNP is a full member of the Liberal Party of Australia, has observer status within the National Party of Australia. After suffering defeat at its first election in 2009 the LNP won government for the first time at the 2012 election, winning 78 out of 89 seats, a record majority in the unicameral Parliament of Queensland. Campbell Newman became the first LNP Premier of Queensland; the Newman Government was subsequently defeated by the opposition Labor Party at the 2015 election. Prior to the merger the National Party and Liberal Party had found themselves in frequent competition with one another for seats in Queensland since the 1970s; the Liberal Party and the National Party have been in a coalition at the federal level for all but a few years since 1923.
In most parts of Australia the Liberal Party is the larger party, concentrated in urban areas, with the Nationals a junior partner operating in rural and regional areas. Competition between the two is thus minimised as the two attempt to win more seats combined than the Australian Labor Party. However, Queensland is Australia's most decentralised state. Brisbane is by far the largest city in Queensland. However, only around 45% of the population lives in the Brisbane area, with a greater portion of the state's population distributed either in regional cities like Toowoomba, Townsville, Mackay and Cairns, or in rural areas; as such, the urban-rural divide is not as pronounced in Queensland as in the rest of Australia. The Country/National Party was stronger in these regional centres than the Liberals; as a result, the Nationals had more seats than the Liberals and their predecessors, had been the senior partner in the non-Labor Coalition since 1924. This division into urban and rural areas was, for most of the twentieth century, reflected in a system of different electoral weighting that made it easier for rural-based parties to win more seats in Parliament.
The formation of the LNP was the third attempt to unite the non-Labor side in Queensland. In 1925, the United Party — the Queensland branch of the urban-based Nationalist Party — and the Country Party merged as the Country and Progressive National Party; this party won government in 1929 under former Queensland Country leader Arthur Edward Moore, but was defeated in 1932 and split apart in 1936. In 1941, the Queensland divisions of the United Australia Party and Country Party merged as the Country-National Organisation, under Frank Nicklin of the Country side. However, this merger only lasted until 1944. During the 1970s, the Country Party began running candidates in the more urbanised south-east corner of the state, including the Brisbane area, in direct competition with the Liberals; this was part of a larger strategy by the federal party to expand its base outside of rural areas — reflected in successive name changes to the National Country Party in 1975 and the National Party in 1982. The state party had changed its name to the National Party in 1974 as part of its effort to broaden its reach.
After more than a decade of fraught relations, the Liberals pulled out of the Coalition in 1983. The Nationals came up one seat short of a majority in their own right in the election held that year; the Nationals persuaded two Liberals to defect to them, governed alone until their defeat in 1989. In 1992 the electoral system was changed to Optional Preferential Voting, meaning that three-cornered contests between Liberal and Labor candidates became much more to see Labor candidates win; the other change in 1992 was the end of the old zonal electoral system for the Legislative Assembly, the sole chamber of the state's parliament. As a result, 40 of the 89 seats—almost half of the seats in the legislature—were now based in Brisbane; the Liberals and Nationals signed a renewed Coalition agreement in November 1992, two months after Labor won a second term. However, it was all but impossible to win a majority government without a substantial base in Brisbane, something, difficult for the Coalition to do since the Nationals were the senior partner.
Brisbane's increased share of the legislature made it politically difficult to win a minority government without winning a significant share of the capital's seats. Labor was in government for all but three years from 1989 to 2012 in large part because it won at least 30 seats in greater Brisbane at every election; when it was consigned to opposition by the Rob Borbidge-led Coalition from 1996 to 1998, Labor still won 31 seats in Brisbane. The 1995 state election proved. While it won a slim majority of the two-party vote, much of that margin was wasted on landslides in the Nationals' heartland; as mentioned above, Labor won 31 seats in Brisbane. The Labor majority was lost altogether a few months in a by-election, but the Coalition was only able to form a minority government by a margin of one seat with the support of independent Liz Cunningham; this underscored how difficult the 1992 reforms
Caloundra is the southernmost town in the Sunshine Coast Region in South East Queensland, Australia. Caloundra is 90 kilometres north of the Brisbane central business district. Caloundra is accessible from Landsborough railway station, 21 km away, the Caloundra bus station. In 1875, Robert Bulcock, an English immigrant who founded a Brisbane newspaper and represented the Brisbane suburb of Enoggera in the Legislative Assembly of Queensland from 1885 until 1888, bought 277 acres of land in the region. A town was surveyed in the 1870s, land sales commenced in 1883. With its proximity to beaches, the area became popular with tourists and a number of hotels and guest houses were set up to accommodate them. In 1917, Bulcock's son, Robert Bulcock Jr, a councillor in the Shire of Landsborough, subdivided part of the land into 404 lots; this area became known as Bulcock Beach. By 1933, Caloundra had a population of 271; the Caloundra branch of the Queensland Country Women's Association was established in July 1937.
The first female councillor was who represented Division 5 from 29 April 1961 to 30 March 1973. She was one of the first teachers at Caloundra State School, she was active in community groups such as the RSL Women's Auxiliary and a founder of the Caloundra Branch of the Queensland Country Women's Association and the local branch of the Red Cross. During World War II, the area became key to Australian defence due to defensive positions along the beaches. Radar stations and machine gun pits were mounted, Australian and US armed forces came to the area. From the early 1950s onwards, Caloundra experienced a boom in development and population, by 1968, it had come to dominate the Shire of Landsborough so that the council chambers were relocated to Caloundra; the Caloundra Library opened in 1986 with a major refurbishment in 2017. Caloundra has a number of heritage-listed sites, including: Bowman Road: Tripcony Hibiscus Caravan Park 6 Arthur Street and 3 Canberra Terrace, Kings Beach: Caloundra Lighthouses Ormonde Terrace, Kings Beach: Kings Beach Bathing Pavilion Caloundra is not defined, but the boundary used by the Australian Bureau of Statistics for census purposes and the urban zone defined by the Sunshine Coast Regional Council exactly coincide.
This region is bounded by Currimundi Creek, Rainforest Drive and the Mooloolah River to the north, Beerwah State Forest and Bruce Highway to the west, the Pumicestone Passage and the ocean to the east, Bells Creek to the south. The central business district for the area is located on Caloundra; the Caloundra urban centre consists of the following suburbs: The region of the Sunshine Coast, including Caloundra, is serviced by the Sunshine Coast Airport, located at Marcoola. A smaller regional airport is located at Caloundra. Caloundra's suburbs are served by Sunbus Sunshine Coast, who operate the Caloundra bus station in Cooma Terrace in the CBD. Bus routes 600, 602, 603, 605, 607, 609 connect Caloundra to Kawana Waters, Maroochydore and Landsborough. Landsborough railway station on the Sunshine Coast line has regular services to Roma Street railway station in Brisbane, operated by Queensland Rail. There are several bus companies providing coach services from Caloundra to Brisbane Airport. Census populations for the Caloundra urban centre have been recorded since 1933.
Since the 2001 census, it is divided between the Caloundra North and Caloundra South statistical local areas. The drop between 1981 and 1986 reflects an adjustment of the boundary with the Kawana Waters urban centre. Caloundra has a variety of beaches, providing amenity to the local tourists. Golden Beach is protected by Bribie Island to the east, is used for swimming, windsurfing and fishing. At low tide, Golden Beach and Bribie Island are close. Bulcock Beach, a still water beach, has board-walks and numerous restaurants, is situated opposite the northern end of Bribie Island; the Des Dywer walking track is an oceanway that starts at Bulcock beach and follows the coastline on cliffs and boardwalks. The walking track ends at Moffat Beach north-east of Bulcock, is about a one-hour walk. Bulcock Beach is patrolled by volunteer lifesavers from Ithaca–Caloundra City Life Saving Club. Kings Beach, named for Allan King who ran a guest house in the area in 1888, is the main beach of Caloundra. Kings is patrolled all year round by Metropolitan – Caloundra Surf Life Saving Club and has a picnic and children's play area.
Kings Beach has a swimming pool which, whilst built to be separate from the ocean, is fed directly from seawater. Shelly Beach is not a swimming beach, with the danger of rocks. However, the northern and southern ends are safer for more supervised swimmers. Locals find these places appropriate as, not only is it remote from the crowds of the adjacent King's beach, but local council laws allow dogs on the sand. On low tide and rock pools can be found along the beach. Shelly is surrounded by residential housing with a maximum of five storeys. Moffat Beach is not a patrolled beach, but Dicky Beach, located one kilometre north, has a surf lifesaving club and is patrolled year-round. Moffat Beach is surrounded by residential housing, cafes, a post office, a newsagent and apartments; the surf beaches are Kings Beach and Dicky Beach which commence at the eastern end of Bulcock Beach, namely Happy Valley – Officially Happy Valley is part of and shown on maps as Bulcock Beach. Kings Beach Shelly Beach Moffat Beach Dicky Beach On Caloundra's outskirts is Aussie World, located at the Glenview turnoff on th
Pauline Hanson's One Nation
Pauline Hanson's One Nation is a nationalist, right-wing populist party in Australia. One Nation was founded in 1997, by member of parliament Pauline Hanson and her advisors David Ettridge and David Oldfield after Hanson was disendorsed as a federal candidate for the Liberal Party of Australia; the disendorsement came before the 1996 federal election because of comments she made about Indigenous Australians. Hanson sat as an independent for one year before forming Pauline Hanson's One Nation. Federally, no One Nation candidate has been elected to the House of Representatives. However, one candidate from the party was elected to the Senate in the 1998 federal election, four One Nation senators were elected in the 2016 federal election. In state politics, One Nation has performed better. At the 1998 Queensland state election the party gained more than 22% of the vote in Queensland's unicameral legislative assembly, winning 11 of the 89 seats. David Oldfield was elected to the New South Wales Legislative Council as a One Nation candidate, but he was expelled from the party and formed the unsuccessful splinter group, One Nation NSW.
Three members were elected to the Western Australian Legislative Council. One Nation changed its name back to "Pauline Hanson's One Nation" in June 2015. At the 2016 federal election the party polled 4.3% of the nationwide primary vote in the Senate. Only Queensland polled higher for the party than their nationwide percentage − the party polled 9.2% of the primary vote in that state. Pauline Hanson and three other One Nation candidates − Malcolm Roberts, Brian Burston and Rod Culleton were elected to the Senate. Elected to the 3rd Queensland Senate spot, as per convention Hanson is serving a six-year term while the three other One Nation Senators who were elected in the last half of spots were appointed to three-year terms. Culleton was stripped of his seat in January 2017. In March 2017, the High Court ruled that Culleton's election to the Senate was invalid in any event because of a criminal conviction in New South Wales. After a court-ordered recount, Culleton was replaced by the second candidate on the WA list, Peter Georgiou.
Former Labor Party leader, Mark Latham, joined the party in November 2018 as leader for New South Wales. Latham contested a seat in the Legislative Council winning it in March 2019; the party has a nationalist and conservative platform. Hanson and other party members have denied claims. Hanson says that "criticism is not racism" about her statements on race. Hanson has said that she enjoys the company of other ethnicities and welcomes people to Australia wherever their origin, but does not want other cultures to overly influence Australia. One Nation was formed in 1997 by David Oldfield and David Ettridge. Hanson was an endorsed Liberal Party candidate for the seat of Oxley, Queensland at the 1996 federal election, but was disendorsed by the party shortly before the elections due to comments she made to a local newspaper in Ipswich, Queensland opposing "race-based welfare". Oldfield, a councillor on Manly Council in suburban Sydney and at one time an employee of Liberal minister Tony Abbott, was the organisational architect of the party.
The name "One Nation" was chosen to signify belief in national unity, in contrast to a perceived increasing division in Australian society caused by government policies claimed to favour immigrants and indigenous Australians at the expense of the white Australian majority. The term "One Nation" was last used in Australian political life to describe a tax reform package in the early 1990s by the Labor government of Prime Minister Paul Keating, whose culturally-cosmopolitan, Asia-centric, free-trade, pro-affirmative action policies were antithetical to what supporters of the One Nation party formed in the late 1990s stood for. Arguing that other political parties were out of touch with mainstream Australia, One Nation ran on a broadly populist and protectionist platform, it promised to drastically reduce immigration and to abolish "divisive and discriminatory policies... attached to Aboriginal and multicultural affairs." Condemning multiculturalism as a "threat to the basis of the Australian culture and shared values", One Nation rallied against liberal government immigration and multicultural policies which, it argued, were leading to "the Asianisation of Australia."
The party denounced economic rationalism and globalisation, reflecting working-class dissatisfaction with the neo-liberal economic policies embraced by the major parties. Adopting strong protectionist policies, One Nation advocated the restoration of import tariffs, a revival of Australia's manufacturing industry, an increase in support for small business and the rural sector. One Nation became subject to a political campaign by Tony Abbott, who established a trust fund called "Australians for Honest Politics Trust" to help bankroll civil court cases against the Party, he was accused of offering funds to One Nation dissident Terry Sharples to support his court battle against the party. Abbott conceded that the political threat One Nation posed to the Howard Government was "a big factor" in his decision to pursue the legal attack, but he claimed to be acting "in Australia's national interest"; the party's greatest appeal was in country areas of New South Wales and Queensland, the traditional heartlands of the junior partner in the non-Labor Coalition, the National Party.
Indeed, for much of 1997 and 1998, it appeared that One Nation would pass the Nation