Sir Thomas John Mellis Napier was a judge of the Supreme Court of South Australia between 28 February 1924 and 28 February 1967, Chief Justice of South Australia from 25 February 1942 until 28 February 1967 and Chancellor of the University of Adelaide. He was born in Dunbar in East Lothian the son of Dr Alexander Disney Leith Napier FRSE and his wife Jessie Mellis; the family moved to London in 1887 and emigrated to Australia in 1896. He studied Law at the University of Adelaide graduating LLB in 1902. In 1903 he became Managing Clerk for "Kingston & McLachlan" and became a partner with McLachlan in 1906. On 24 October 1908 he married Dorothy Bell Kay at Walkerville. In 1912 he resuscitated the Law Society of South Australia, served as its Vice President in 1923. On 30 April 1942 he was appointed Lieutenant-Governor of South Australia, he was knighted in 1943 and became a Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George in 1945. He was appointed a Knight of the Venerable Order of St John in 1949.
He was cremated. Knight Bachelor. Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George. King George V Silver Jubilee Medal. King George VI Coronation Medal. Queen Elizabeth II Coronation Medal. Knight of the Venerable Order of St John of Jerusalem; the Napier Mountains were named by Sir Douglas Mawson after Sir Mellis Napier. The Napier Mountains were first charted in January 1930 by the British Australian New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition under Mawson; the South Australian Electoral district of Napier, from 1977 to 2018. His bust by John Dowie stands near the gates of Government House in Adelaide
1993 South Australian state election
State elections were held in South Australia on 11 December 1993. All 47 seats in the South Australian House of Assembly were up for election; the incumbent Australian Labor Party led by Premier of South Australia Lynn Arnold was defeated by the Liberal Party of Australia led by Leader of the Opposition Dean Brown. The Liberals won; the campaign was dominated by the issue of the collapse of the State Bank of South Australia in 1991. The State Bank's deposits were underwritten by the Government of South Australia, putting South Australia into billions of dollars of debt. Labor premier John Bannon had resigned over the issue in 1992, being replaced by Lynn Arnold just over a year before the election; the Liberals changed leaders in 1992, switching from Dale Baker to Dean Brown. Following the Labor leadership change and by early 1993, Newspoll had recorded a total rise of 13 percent in the Labor primary vote. However, the gains did not last. A warning sign of things to come came with the March 1993 federal election, which saw two of Labor's longest-held seats in South Australia and Grey, fall to the Liberals.
Hindmarsh had been in Labor hands without interruption since 1919, while Grey had been in Labor hands for all but one term since 1943. The Liberals under Dean Brown went into the election as unbackable favourites, swept the 11-year Labor government from power in a massive landslide, they won 37 of 47 seats in the South Australian House of Assembly from a 15-seat swing − in terms of seat count and percentage of seats won, the largest majority government in the state's history. By comparison, Sir Thomas Playford never governed with more than 23 seats in a 39-seat legislature during his record 27 years as Premier, Don Dunstan never governed with more than 27 seats in a 47-seat legislature; the Liberals won 60.9 percent of the two-party vote, the largest two-party preferred vote in South Australian state history. Labor fell to just 39.1 percent of the two-party vote from a two-party swing of 8.9 percent—at the time, the largest two-party swing in South Australian state history (second only to the 9.4 percent swing at the following 1997 election, still the largest that resulted in a change of government.
The 15-seat swing is still the largest in South Australian state history. Adelaide, Labor's power base in the state for decades, swung over to support the Liberals. Labor lost seats in several parts of Adelaide where it had not been threatened in memory, was cut down to only nine seats in the capital. Additionally, Labor suffered; the stratospheric records for seat count and percentage of seats in the House led to predictions of a generation of Liberal government. However, the Liberal gains were short lived. Factional stoushes between the moderate and conservative wings of the Liberal Party led to Brown's factional rival, John Olsen challenging Brown for the Liberal leadership in 1996. In turn, the Liberals were reduced to a minority government as a result of the 1997 election, following another record two-party swing in the other direction of 9.5 percent. A 1994 Torrens by-election saw Labor take the seat from the Liberals; the 1994 Elizabeth by-election and 1994 Taylor by-election saw. Candidates of the South Australian state election, 1993 Members of the South Australian House of Assembly, 1993-1997 Members of the South Australian Legislative Council, 1993-1997 Results of the South Australian state election, 1993 Results of the South Australian state election, 1993 Previous election: South Australian state election, 1989 Next election: South Australian state election, 1997 1993 election maps and results: Antony Green ABC archive History of South Australian elections 1857-2006, volume 1: ECSA "Background leading up to the election/Liberals in power".
Crikey. Archived from the original on 2004-10-29. Political PartiesAustralian Labor Party Liberal Party of Australia Australian Greens Australian Democrats The Nationals
Electoral district of Taylor
Taylor is a single-member electoral district for the South Australian House of Assembly. This district is named after Doris Irene Taylor MBE, a leading force in the founding of Meals on Wheels, Labor activist. Taylor is a 318.7 km² semi-urban electorate in Adelaide's far northern suburbs and fringe farmland. A large portion of the district lives in its southern edges, corresponding to the northern fringes of Adelaide, it includes the suburbs and localities of Andrews Farm, Angle Vale, Buckland Park, Davoren Park, Edinburgh, Edinburgh North, Elizabeth North, Macdonald Park, Middle Beach, Penfield Gardens, Port Gawler, Smithfield Plains, Two Wells and Waterloo Corner. Taylor was created for the 1993 state election between the northern metropolitan seats of Ramsay and Goyder, was won by the defeated Labor Premier Lynn Arnold, he resigned in 1994, triggering a Taylor by-election which saw Trish White retain the seat for Labor. It is regarded as a safe Labor seat. ECSA profile for Taylor: 2018 ABC profile for Taylor: 2018 Poll Bludger profile for Taylor: 2018
2018 South Australian state election
The 2018 South Australian state election to elect members to the 54th Parliament of South Australia was held on 17 March 2018. All 47 seats in the House of Assembly or lower house, whose members were elected at the 2014 election, 11 of 22 seats in the Legislative Council or upper house, last filled at the 2010 election, were contested; the record-16-year-incumbent Australian Labor Party government led by Premier Jay Weatherill was seeking a fifth four-year term, but was defeated by the opposition Liberal Party of Australia, led by Opposition Leader Steven Marshall. Nick Xenophon's new SA Best party unsuccessfully sought to obtain the balance of power. Like federal elections, South Australia has compulsory voting, uses full-preference instant-runoff voting for single-member electorates in the lower house and optional preference single transferable voting in the proportionally represented upper house; the election was conducted by the Electoral Commission of South Australia, an independent body answerable to Parliament.
^a: Results final as of 5 April. Independents: Frances Bedford, Troy Bell, Geoff Brock The Liberal opposition formed a two-seat majority government with 25 of 47 seats, after retaining three of the four redistributed notionally Liberal seats won by Labor at the previous election and winning the newly-created notionally ultra marginal Labor seat of King; the Labor government went in to opposition with 19 seats. Despite the change of government, there was a statewide two-party-preferred swing away from the Liberals toward Labor; the seats of Colton, Elder and Newland were won by Labor at the previous election, but the 2016 redistribution made them notionally Liberal seats. Colton and Newland were won by the Liberals. ^b: Results final as of 23 April. The 11 of 22 seats up for election were 4 Labor, 1 Green, 1 Conservative and 1 Dignity; the final outcome was 4 Labor, 2 SA Best and 1 Green. Conservative MLC Dennis Hood, elected as a Family First MLC in 2014, defected to the Liberals nine days after the 2018 state election.
The 22 seat upper house composition is therefore 9 Liberal on the government benches, 8 Labor on the opposition benches, 5 to minor parties on the crossbench, consisting of 2 SA Best, 2 Green, 1 Advance SA. The government therefore requires at least three additional non-government members to form a majority and carry votes on the floor. Four hours after the close of polls, at 10pm ACDT, incumbent Premier Jay Weatherill telephoned Steven Marshall and conceded defeat. Weatherill subsequently publicly announced that he had conceded, saying, "I'm sorry I couldn't bring home another victory, but I do feel like one of those horses that has won four Melbourne Cups and I think the handicap has caught up with us on this occasion." Marshall claimed victory saying, "A massive thank you to the people of South Australia who have put their trust, their faith in me and the Liberal team for a new dawn, a new dawn for South Australia!" After the SA Best party failed to win a seat including Hartley, Nick Xenophon ruled out a return to federal politics.
Following the election outcome, Weatherill resigned as state Labor leader and returned to the backbench. Outgoing Minister for Health Peter Malinauskas became Leader of the Opposition, with outgoing Education Minister Susan Close as deputy, following a Labor caucus meeting on 9 April 2018. Notably, the Liberals won 16 of the 33 metropolitan seats, their best showing in the Adelaide area since their landslide victory in 1993, when they took all but nine seats in the capital. Labor had spent all but 12 of the 48 years since the end of the Playmander in government due to its traditional dominance of Adelaide. South Australia is Australia's most centralised state. To a greater extent than other state capitals, Adelaide is decisive in deciding state election outcomes. Since the end of the Playmander, most elections have seen Labor win most of the metropolitan seats, with most of the Liberal vote locked up in safe rural seats. In 2010, for instance, the Liberals won 51 percent of the two-party vote on a swing that should have been large enough to deliver them government.
However, they only won nine seats in Adelaide. In 2014, while picking up a two percent two-party swing, the Liberals were only able to win an additional three seats in Adelaide. Nick Xenophon announced a few SA Best lower house candidates. Polls had included Xenophon's party as one of the four parties they monitored explicitly since February 2016. SA Best planned to only contest 12 seats; this was increased to 20. On 27 January, a landmark was passed when Xenophon announced eight new candidates, making a total of 24; this was the minimum number to be theoretically capable of forming majority government in the 47-seat house. On 1 February, Xenophon said it was the total number of SA Best lower house candidates would be around 30. After early opinion polls indicated that it could outperform other parties, the party contested 36 seats in the House of Assembly and put forward four candidates for the upper house. Opinion polling indicated; the party failed to secure any lower house seats, although there was a close contest in the seat of Heysen.
Xenophon lost the seat of Hartley, with un-finalised results indicating a two-party preferred vote of around 42%. The party came second on primary votes in ten seats. SA Best did, secure two upper house positions, with the successful election of Connie
One Tree Hill, South Australia
One Tree Hill is a town on the outskirts of Adelaide, South Australia. It is located in the City of Playford; the town takes its name from the'One Tree Hill Inn', for many years the meeting place of the District Council of Munno Para. The inn's name, in turn, referred to a giant red gum tree which stood on the intersection of Black Top Road and Walters Road; the tree burnt down in 1890 and was cut down in 1934 and replaced with 5 trees which can still be seen today. The Kaurna people were the indigenous inhabitants of the Adelaide region, which includes One Tree Hill; the Peramangk people, living further inland, visited the area from time to time, chiefly in the warmer parts of the year. This was due to the area being better watered than the plains; the hills at this time were well wooded with tree species, in the area for around 6000 years. Along the rivers and creeks and wide valleys could be found tall, heavy eucalypts, many of which had wide, hollowed bases large enough for the Aboriginals to use as shelters.
There were many such shelter trees in use by the Kaurna and Peramangk as late as the 1840s, evidence exists that they hunted and gathered in the woodlands and grasslands for many generations prior to European settlement. The community declined soon after European settlement, most of what we know about them today comes from the few artifacts and sparse archaeological evidence that they left behind. Europeans settled the area in the early 1840s, the township commenced in 1851 with the building of the One Tree Hill Inn; the settlement was located in a strategic location, being close to several larger towns with facilities, became the meeting place of the surrounding rural community, including Gould Creek and Uleybury. A post office and general store were built in 1858 which featured a large cellar where produce including local wine was sold. In 1906, the Institute, which cost about £600, was built across the road from the post office, became a town meeting place and recreation centre, expanded in 1978.
One Tree Hill Post Office opened on 19 May 1857. The 2006 Census by the Australian Bureau of Statistics counted 1,268 persons in One Tree Hill on census night. Of these, 52.4% were male and 47.6% were female. The majority of residents are with 14.8 % born in England. The age distribution of One Tree Hill residents is comparable to that of the greater Australian population. 63.7% of residents were over 25 years in 2006, compared to the Australian average of 66.5%. The township has one primary school and several historic primary school buildings: Precolumb School, Uley School. In 1972 the current primary school was built on McGilp Road. One Tree Hill has an Institute Hall built 1906 and Uniting Church built 1867 and many historic buildings; the township has a hotel named the Blacksmiths Inn. The Para Wirra Conservation Park is north-east of the town. There is no specific provision for bicycles on any of the local roads. There are footpaths on most roads within the town and along Black Top Road in some sections up three kilometres west of the town using land from the old alignment of the road.
The town is serviced by the following main roads: Black Top Road to Adelaide and Salisbury Yorktown Road to Elizabeth Gawler - Kersbrook Road to Kersbrook and Williamstown One Tree Hill Road to Golden Grove The area is not serviced by Adelaide public transport. From the commencement of a Bowman's bus service around 1937 until Friday 14 May 1982, a daily bus service ran from the township to Adelaide via Golden Grove and North East Road. Before that the nearest transport was at Smithfield Railway Station. List of Adelaide suburbs City of Playford Local Government Association of SA - City of Playford 2006 ABS Census Data by Location
Supreme Court of South Australia
The Supreme Court of South Australia is the superior court of the Australian state of South Australia. The Supreme Court is the highest South Australian court in the Australian court hierarchy, it has unlimited jurisdiction within the state in civil matters, hears the most serious criminal matters. The Court is composed as many other judges as may be required; the Court was established by Letters Patent on 2 January 1837, five days after the colony was founded. The Court is unique among Australia's state supreme courts in that it was established at the foundation of the colony of South Australia, as the notion of a supreme court was a part of the colony's founder, Edward Wakefield's theory of colonisation. Other Australian colonies only established their courts long after the settlement of the colony; the Court was endowed with all the common probate jurisdiction of the courts of Westminster. The first sessions of the Court were not held until May 1837, presided over by Sir John Jeffcott, the first judge of the court.
After Sir John's death in December 1837, Henry Jickling was appointed as an acting judge. Although appointed as a caretaker judge, Jickling was responsible for two important developments: he codified the testamentary causes jurisdiction of the court and admitted the first practitioners of the Supreme Court in March 1838. Justice Jeffcott's permanent replacement on the Court was Sir Charles Cooper. Reports of ill health prompted Governor Henry Young to ask for the appointment of a second judge; as a result Justice Crawford was appointed. Justice Crawford was the first justice to wear a wig in court. Crawford died after only two years on the bench. Crawford was replaced by Justice Boothby. Boothby was a controversial judge who did not believe in the power of the colonial parliaments to enact laws, he arguably started the first constitutional crisis in Australian history when he ruled that the South Australian Constitution of 1856 was invalid, causing the Imperial Parliament to pass the Colonial Laws Validity Act 1865.
Boothby was removed as a justice of the Supreme Court in July 1867. He died before his appeal could be heard. During Boothby's time on the Court, the first Queen's Counsels were appointed and the first circuit sittings of the Court took place in country South Australia. In 1935 the Supreme Court Act commenced; the Court exercises both appellate jurisdiction in civil and criminal matters. The Court is a court of both equity. Though it has unlimited jurisdiction in civil matters civil trials heard in the Court are those involving complex legal or factual issues or large sums of money; the Court has exclusive jurisdiction in probate, meaning it is the only South Australian court that can hear such matters. In criminal matters only the most serious crimes are tried in the Court although the Court hears trials for less serious offences. Trials for murder and treason cannot be heard in any other court in South Australia; when exercising its original jurisdiction, the Court is composed of a single judge.
The Supreme Court hears appeals from the Magistrates Court of South Australia in both civil and criminal matters, from decisions of Supreme Court Masters and various other tribunals. In such cases, the Court ordinarily consists of a single judge; the Court sits as a Full Court when it hears appeals from the decisions of a single judge of the Supreme Court or District Court, or from certain other tribunals. Some of these appeals lie as of right, while others require leave from either the court appealed from or the Supreme Court; when the Supreme Court sits as a Full Court in criminal matters, it is referred to as the "Court of Criminal Appeal". Unlike the supreme courts of some other states, the Supreme Court of South Australia is not divided into separate trial and appeal divisions. From time to time, all judges of the court sit in civil and criminal trials and as members of the Full Court and Court of Criminal Appeal. There is a division of the Court known as the Land and Valuation Court, which has jurisdiction over matters arising under particular State statutes dealing with planning and development law.
Judges are assigned to this division by proclamation. In addition, particular judges may be designated to sit in the probate jurisdiction or assigned case management functions in respect of long and complex trials; the proceedings of the Supreme Court of South Australia are heard in Adelaide. In civil cases the Court sits in the old Supreme Court building, while criminal matters are heard in the Sir Samuel Way Building; the Court is empowered to sit in any place, including outside the State. The Court, consisting of a single judge travels on circuit to the rural centres of Mount Gambier and Port Augusta. Subject to statutory exceptions, an appeal is available by special leave to the High Court of Australia from all decisions of the Supreme Court of South Australia by virtue of s 73 of the Australian Constitution. Ordinarily, appeals are taken to the High Court only from decisions of the Full Court or Court of Criminal Appeal. List of Judges of the Supreme Court of South Australia Judiciary of Australia Supreme Court of South Australia Decisions
Blakeview, South Australia
Blakeview is a northern suburb of Adelaide, South Australia. It is located in the City of Playford. Blakeview is predominantly a residential suburb, but has two commercial areas and two education areas. Blakeview is located to the northeast of Elizabeth and lies on the east side of Main North Road opposite Smithfield and Munno Para. There is a commercial area facing Main North Road in the oldest part of the suburb which includes a Coles Express service station and medical services; the Blakes Crossing subdivision north of Craigmore Road has a commercial area, which includes Woolworths and Aldi supermarkets. Blakeview was gazetted as a suburb in 1990, taking territory from Munno Para; the 2006 Census by the Australian Bureau of Statistics counted 4,294 persons in Blakeview on census night. Of these, 49.6% were male and 50.4% were female. The majority of residents are of Australian birth, with other common census responses being England and Scotland; the age distribution of Blakeview residents is skewed towards a younger population than the greater Australian population.
58% of residents were over 25 years in 2006, compared to the Australian average of 66.5%. The southern education precinct in Blakeview includes Blakeview Primary School on Omega Drive, Trinity College Blakeview adjacent to it on Park Lake Boulevard, with Craigmore High School next along, a preschool centre across the road. Blakes Crossing Christian College operated by Christian Community Ministries opened for reception to year 5 in 2014 and intends to extend to year 12 and a total of 700 students. At the beginning of 2014 it had only six students enrolled, using the Lend Lease land sales offices for classrooms until the school's own buildings could be constructed, it is now sited in its own buildings, not far from parks. There are several parks and reserves throughout the suburb along Smith Creek and Main Terrace. Many of the parks are provided with playground equipment. Blakeview is serviced by Main North Road. Blakeview is serviced by several public transport services run by the Adelaide Metro to Elizabeth, Munno Para, Adelaide and a school bus to Roma Mitchell Secondary College.
List of Adelaide suburbs "City of Playford". Official website. City of Playford. Retrieved 20 April 2011