Wellington, South Australia
Wellington is a township in South Australia, Australia on the Murray River just upstream of where it empties into Lake Alexandrina. Its postcode is 5259. Wellington is in the Rural City of Murray Bridge. At the 2006 census, Wellington had a population of 295; because of its geographical similarities, the first European colonists likened the development potential of the site of Wellington to that of New Orleans. In 1839 the London-based Secondary Towns Association, represented in Adelaide by John Morphett and John Hill, authorised expenditure on the special survey a proposed town to be named Wellington, with prior consent of the Duke of Wellington himself. Despite never having seen the land except on a map, the directors of the Association had great hopes for Wellington becoming an important town; the survey provided for 700 lots in Wellington and 300 lots in Wellington East, as well as rural sections. Messrs Cannan and Henderson carried out the survey in November 1840 and the first lots were sold in July 1841.
Wellington was the original crossing of the River Murray for people and goods travelling overland between Adelaide and Melbourne, until a bridge was built at Murray Bridge in 1879. There is still a free government ferry operating here. In 1852-53 much of the gold escorted by South Australian Police from the Victorian gold rushes crossed the Murray at Wellington. Though the Murray has little flow most of the time, Lake Alexandrina is only a few metres deep, the river at Wellington is about 25 metres deep; the surface is less than one metre above sea level. Once established, Wellington became a busy ferry crossing point for several decades during the 1840s to 1870s. Servicing the local pastoral district, it soon had a school, police station, hotels, but it never prospered beyond township status; the South Australian Government has stated its intention to build a weir at or near Wellington, despite opposition from environmental groups. Under the plan, no water would flow from the Murray into the lower lakes or Coorong during drought or other periods of low flow.
List of cities and towns in South Australia List of crossings of the Murray River Wellington - South Australia
Frances, South Australia
Frances is a locality in the Australian state of South Australia located about 291 kilometres south-east of the state capital and about 40 kilometres north-east of the municipal seat of Naracoorte in the state's Limestone Coast region and adjoining the border with the State of Victoria. Frances began as a government town first surveyed in July 1871 and resurveyed in January, its name is reported as being derived from the name of the wife of "Mr Henry Jones of Binnum Station." Boundaries of the locality were created in April 2001. For much of its history, Frances was a railway town on the Mount Gambier railway line, which runs from Wolseley in the north to Mount Gambier in the south. A State Road, Frances Road, runs from Bordertown through Frances to Hynam. Despite the closure of the railway on 12 April 1995, Frances continues to be a receiving point for grain, with several silos, it set a record for the most grain received at Frances in the season on 10 January 2017, by which time it had received over 43,000 tonnes.
It set a new record for the most grain received in a single day at the site. Every February, Frances hosts the Frances Folk Gathering, a weekend-long folk music festival, with the whole town given over to music and visitors; this tradition began in 2000. Frances is located within the federal division of Barker, the state electoral district of MacKillop and the local government area of the Naracoorte Lucindale Council. Notes Citations Frances Folk Gathering website
Binnum, South Australia
Binnum is a locality in the Australian state of South Australia. Binnum is northeast of Naracoorte, on the Mount Gambier railway line between Naracoorte and Wolseley, adjacent to the Victorian border which closed on 12 April 1995. Victorian member of parliament Sir William McDonald grew up at Binnum, before marrying and moving a short distance across the border to Neuarpurr. Binnum is located within the federal division of Barker, the state electoral district of MacKillop and the local government area of the Naracoorte Lucindale Council
Liberal and Country League
The Liberal and Country League was the major conservative party in South Australia from 1932 to 1974. In its 42-year existence, it spent 34 years in government due to an electoral malapportionment scheme known as the Playmander, introduced by the LCL government in 1936, which saw a change from multi-member to single-member seats in the lower house, a reduction of MPs from 46 to 39, two-thirds of seats to be located in rural areas; this arrangement was retained as Adelaide, the state capital, grew to two-thirds of the state's population. The most populous Adelaide-area seats had as much as 5–10 times the number of voters than the least populous rural seats − at the 1968 election the rural seat of Frome had 4,500 formal votes, while the metropolitan seat of Enfield had 42,000 formal votes; as a result, the Labor opposition won comprehensive majorities of the statewide two-party vote against the LCL whilst failing to form government on three occasions: 1944, 1953, 1962 and 1968. Additionally, with a decisive advantage to the LCL, swing voters may have been more to vote for the expected status quo LCL government.
The LCL was succeeded by the South Australian Division of the Liberal Party of Australia in 1974. The LCL had its roots in the Emergency Committee of South Australia, which ran as the main non-Labor party in South Australia at the 1931 federal election landslide. In the House of Representatives, it took an additional two seats to hold six of the state's seven seats. In the bloc-voting winner-take-all Senate, it took the three seats up for election. Encouraged by this success, the Liberal Federation and the SA Country Party merged to form the LCL on 9 June 1932, with former Liberal Federation leader Richard Layton Butler as its first leader. In its first electoral test, the 1933 state election, the LCL took advantage of a three-way split in the state Labor government to win a smashing victory, taking 29 seats versus only 13 for the three Labor factions combined. Traditionally a conservative party, the LCL contained three distinct factions whose ideologies conflicted: Farmers and rural property owners.
The Adelaide Establishment of old money families and those fortunate enough, through marriage, to have been accepted by the Establishment. The urban middle class, who continued to support the party although they had little say in its running. Indeed, it was not until the election of Robin Millhouse in 1955 that someone from this third faction was elected to parliament. Millhouse considered during his term as the most progressive member of the LCL, was expelled in 1973 for his continued criticism of the conservative wing of the party, going on to form the splinter Liberal Movement party with state and federal success. Richard Layton Butler who served as Premier of South Australia until shortly after the 1938 election. Sir Thomas Playford who served as Premier from 5 November until his electoral defeat at the 1965 election nearly 27 years later. Steele Hall who succeeded Playford as leader of the LCL following Playford's 1966 resignation as party leader, served as Premier from 1968 to 1970. Bruce Eastick who succeeded Hall as leader of the LCL following Hall's 1972 resignation as party leader.
It was Playford that the LCL would become synonymous with over 125 days as Premier. The Butler LCL introduced the electoral malapportionment scheme known as the Playmander in 1936, it consisted of rural districts enjoying a 2-to-1 advantage in the state parliament though they contained less than half of the population. The House of Assembly was reduced from 46 members elected from multi-member districts to 39 members elected from single-member electorates. Allowing for a smaller chamber, the LCL suffered heavy losses at the 1938 election, winning just 15 of 39 seats. However, Labor picked up only a small number of additional seats. In an unprecedented result, the crossbench swelled massively, with no less than 14 independents elected from a combined independent primary vote of 40 percent, higher than either major party. Butler and the LCL had to rely on the crossbench for supply to remain in government. Only months Butler resigned in favour of Playford to make an unsuccessful attempt to enter federal politics.
From the 1941 election onward, the Playford LCL would regain and keep a parliamentary majority, albeit narrowly. Additionally, turnout crashed to a record-low 50 percent in 1941, triggering the Playford LCL to introduce compulsory voting from the 1944 election. During Playford's quarter-century in power, the LCL became so identified with Playford that during election campaigns, it branded itself as "The Playford Liberal and Country League". Playford gave the impression that the LCL membership were there to raise money and run election campaigns; this treatment of rank and file party members continued to cause resentment throughout the party, the first public inkling of, the reformation of a separate Country Party in 1963. Although a shadow of its former self, the reformed Country Party served as a wakeup call to Playford that there were problems within the LCL; this split mirrored the dissatisfaction amongst the Establishment faction, losing its power within the party and was appalled at the "nouveau riche commoners", such as Millhouse, that had infiltrated the parliamentary wing of the LCL.
Added to this mix was the important factor that the LCL party machine had become moribund as leaders had b
Wolseley, South Australia
Wolseley is a small South Australian town near the Victorian border. It is 13 kilometres east of Bordertown, it was first proclaimed a town in 1884. The 2016 Australian census, conducted in August 2016 reports that Wolseley had a population of 180 people; the town was surveyed in 1884, named Tatiara, described as an "Aboriginal word from the Jackegilbrab Tribe which HC Talbot states is divided into six clans". The railway station was named after Lord Wolseley, the Commander-in-Chief of the British Army; the name of the town was changed to match the name of the station on 20 February 1941. Early in World War II, RAAF No. 12 Inland Aircraft Fuel Depot was established at Wolseley, with an initial capacity of 1.27 megalitres in three tanks camouflaged to look like farm buildings. The depot started operations in three additional tanks were added later, it was disbanded on 14 June 1944. It is listed on the South Australian Heritage Register as the Wolseley Inland Aircraft Fuel Depot; the Adelaide–Wolseley railway was opened from Adelaide east to Wolseley railway station in the early 1880s built to 1,600 mm broad gauge.
The Serviceton railway line from Melbourne reached Serviceton in Victoria in 1886, the three miles from Wolseley to Serviceton was completed by the South Australian Railways in 1887, completing a broad gauge rail link between Adelaide and Melbourne. Around the same time, the Mount Gambier railway line 1,067 mm narrow gauge railway extended to Wolseley station from the south, creating a break-of-gauge rail junction. By May 1883, rail construction had not yet been completed, but trains were able to operate from Bordertown on the Adelaide line and from Custon on the Mount Gambier line, continuing through Naracoorte to Kingston SE. In 1881, the Government of South Australia authorised the construction of a 3 ft 6 in railway from "University Block No. 3" near the southern border of the Hundred of Tatiara to Border Town. It had authorised the construction from Naracoorte to that point in 1879. In the 1950s the break-of-gauge was abolished by the conversion of the Mount Gambier line to broad gauge.
The line to Mount Gambier has been out of use since the conversion of the Adelaide – Melbourne line to 1,435 mm standard gauge on 12 April 1995, pending possible conversion to standard gauge. If it is converted, it will become the first railway line in Australia to have been converted to all 3 gauges. In 1936, to help overcome some of the inconveniences of the break of gauge, containers were introduced to allow though shipment of goods without the need for transshipment. Wolseley is located in the federal division of Barker, the state electoral district of MacKillop and the local government area of Tatiara District Council. Wolseley Common Conservation Park
Kingston SE is a town in the Australian state of South Australia located in the state's south-east coastline on the shores of Lacepede Bay. It is located about 240 kilometres southeast of the state capital of Adelaide and 138 kilometres north-west of the centre of the city of Mount Gambier. At the 2011 census, Kingston SE had a population of 1,425; the town was named after Sir George Strickland Kingston, a South Australian politician and architect. Kingston Post Office opened on 9 February 1869; the extension on its name is to distinguish Kingston in the South East from another'Kingston' in the state, now named "Kingston On Murray" was added in July 1940. The present-day town of Kingston SE includes the original Kingston, as well as the towns of Port Caroline and Maria Creek; the town was connected to Naracoorte by a 3 ft 6 in railway known as the Kingston-Naracoorte railway in 1876, providing a port for the grain and wool grown away from the coast. The rails were converted to broad gauge 5 ft 3 in in 1959.
The railway closed on 28 November 1987 was dismantled on 15 September 1991. The region was serviced by two newspapers: the Kingston Weekly, the newspaper of The Kingston Traders' Association, was issued between 22 March 1946 and 30 March 1951; the South-East Kingston Leader was started in Kingston, was published from 1962 until 21 November 2001 when it was renamed Coastal Leader, is now a member of Fairfax Media Limited. The main industries are fishing, wine-making and cattle farming and recreation, the district having a large influx of tourists during holiday periods throughout the year; the northern entrance to the town is dominated by the Big Lobster, named "Larry" by people in Kingston. The town has an Australian rules football team competing in the Kowree-Naracoorte-Tatiara Football League. Kingston has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate
Kongorong, South Australia
Kongorong is a locality in the Australian state of South Australia located southwest of Mount Gambier. It has netball team. Kongorong Primary School had 61 students in 2010; the 2016 Australian census, conducted in August 2016 reports that Kongorong had a population of 193 people. Kongorong was named by the South Australian Government on 30 March 1922 for the cadastral land division in which the township lay, the Hundred of Kongorong. Kongorong is thought to mean "the corner of it" in an indigenous language. Kongorong is a service town for the surrounding community involved in dairy and sheep farming, timber plantations, grape growing in the Mount Gambier wine region. Kongorong is located within the federal division of Barker, the state electoral district of Mount Gambier and the local government area of the District Council of Grant