Archibald Berdmore Buchanan
Archibald Berdmore Brine Buchanan was both a member of the Queensland Legislative Council and the Queensland Legislative Assembly. Buchanan was born in London, England in 1823 to Charlotte Buchanan. On his arrival in Australia, He became a partner in a general store in Taradale, Victoria before moving to Queensland and leasing Chinchilla and Wongongera stations on the Darling Downs. In the early 1870s he became a director at Queensland National Bank. Entering politics in 1870, Buchanan won the seat of Mitchell but resigned after being a member for only six or seven days. In 1871, Buchanan won the seat of Warrego, remained in the position for two years. In 1874, Buchanan was appointed to the Queensland Legislative Council. Buchanan held the seat until 1878. After resigning his seat in the Council, Buchanan he left for England to establish the London branch of the Queensland National Bank, he did not return to Queensland, dying in Rome, Italy, on 30 March 1883
Randolph Bedford was an Australian poet, short story writer and Queensland state politician. Bedford was born in Camperdown, the son of Alfred Bedford, who migrated from Yorkshire, England in 1859 and obtained work as a house painter, he was educated at the Newtown state school. At the age of 14, he worked with a Sydney solicitors firm as an office-boy. At 16 years of age he worked in the western district of New South Wales, he carried copies of Carlyle's French Revolution and the Bible. He worked for a year as a clerk in Hay and joined up with a repertory company run by Edmund Duggan, in Wagga Wagga. Bedford had a short story accepted by The Bulletin in the first of many contributions. In 1888 he worked for a time on the Argus, in 1889 on The Age, Melbourne for about two years. Freelancing followed, short stories and sketches, written while travelling in Australia searching for payable mining fields. From 1901 to 1904 Bedford wrote a series of travel sketches. In 1916 these were published under the title of Explorations in Civilization.
His first novel, True Eyes and the Whirlwind, appeared in London in 1903, his Snare of Strength was published two years later. Three short novels appeared afterwards in the Bookstall series, Billy Pagan, Mining Engineer, The Silver Star and Aladdin and the Boss Cockie, the latter adapted into a play in four acts, he had made a collection of his Bulletin verse in 1904, however the unbound sheets were all burned during a fire at the printers, except about six copies which were bound without title-page and given to friends. A few years before his death, Bedford stated that he did not regret the fire as some of the verses included "could only be excused on account of his extreme youth at the time of writing", he was preparing a selection of his verse for the press which, was not published. Other short stories included: The Language of Animals. With Australian authors Henry Lawson and Victor Daley et al. he was a member of the elite Dawn and Dusk Club. In 1917 Bedford entered the Queensland Legislative Council, on a platform to secure its abolition.
In 1923 he was elected as Labor candidate to the Legislative Assembly for Warrego, a seat which he held until his resignation in 1937 to contest the Division of Maranoa in the Australian House of Representatives. Bedford was again elected to his old seat in the Legislative Assembly, he was not elected to cabinet. He was an ardent Protectionist, decried the way the wealth of Australia was exported to pay for shoddy goods which could have been produced locally. Bedford was cremated at Mount Thompson crematorium. True Eyes and the Whirlwind The Snare of Strength Sops of Wine Billy Pagan Mining Engineer The Mates of Torres The Lady of the Pickup The Silver Star Aladdin and the Boss Cockie Explorations in Civilization Naught to Thirty-Three Serle, Percival. "Bedford, Randolph". Dictionary of Australian Biography. Sydney: Angus and Robertson. Additional sources listed by the Dictionary of Australian Biography: The Courier-Mail, Brisbane, 8 July 1941. Additional sources listed by the Australian Dictionary of Biography: G. Blainey, Mines in the Spinifex.
Lack, Three Decades of Queensland Political History, 1929–1960.
William Henry Walsh
William Henry Walsh was an Australian pioneer pastoralist or squatter and politician in early Queensland. He was a Member of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly from 1859 to 1860, Member of the Queensland Legislative Assembly from 1865 to 1878, a Member of the Queensland Legislative Council, from 1879-1888, he was the Queensland Minister of the Crown from 1870 to 1873, Speaker in the Queensland Legislative Assembly from 6 January 1874 to 20 July 1876. Walsh was born on 18 December 1823 at Milton, England, son of a solicitor, Charles Walsh, his wife Elizabeth, he migrated to Australia on the Mary Sharp arriving 11 June 1844, afterwards gaining a few years of colonial experience working for David Perrier at Bathurst. He went north to begin a squatting career of his own. In early 1847 he set up, for his former employer, a new station on the Macintyre River in the south-eastern part of the territory of the future Queensland. Shortly thereafter he went into the northern'unknown' with men and a large flock of sheep financed by the Sydney-based Griffith, Fanning & Co.
He subsequently formed the Degilbo and Monduran stations near the present day township of Gayndah in the North Burnett. During this time he participated in a massacre in which hundreds of indigenous people were slaughtered on Paddy's Island, details of which he would give during Queensland parliamentary debate several decades later. Working still for the same company, of which he had become a co-proprietor, Walsh went further north in July 1853. During this venture he and his men made their mark on Queensland history as the first whites to'blaze the track' of what is now the section of Bruce Highway between Degilbo in the Burnett to the Boyne Valley at Port Curtis, now Gladstone. Here Walsh formed yet another sheep station which he named Milton after his birthplace or childhood home. On 20 February 1857 at Parramatta, New South Wales, he married the Danish-born Elizabeth Brown, daughter of the Copenhagen-born merchant, John Brown. Afterwards he settled as the part owner sole proprietor of the vast Monduran and Degilbo stations, setting up the latter as a domicile for himself and his growing family.
He was a Member of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly in 1859, Member of the Queensland Legislative Assembly from 1865 to 1878, a Member of the Queensland Legislative Council, from 1879-1888. He was the Queensland Minister of the Crown from 1870 to 1873, Speaker in the Queensland Legislative Assembly from 6 January 1874 to 20 July 1876. Walsh was arguably the most conspicuous and outspoken Tory-conservative politicians in northern New South Wales and Queensland in the period up to the 1870s, he is today best known for his two decade long strongworded opposition to the Queensland's Native Police Force and the lack of protection of indigenous people in Queensland, a position which brought him into conflict with Queensland's first Governor Sir George Ferguson Bowen and a number of other Queenaland graziers. In parliament on 4 October 1867 the minister for police "Colonial Secretary", Arthur Hunter Palmer, brought an end to Walsh decade long crusade by defending Walsh "perfect right to...pursue his monomania on the subject to any extent he pleased."
Walsh is well known for his defence for the Queensland's sugarindustry and its use of Melanesian, so-called Kanaka and dismissal that the accusation of this as slavery was anything more than working class prejudices. On 4 April 1888, he was walking from his home in Bulimba towards the Brisbane CBD along Shaftson Road; as he passed the ropeworks, he was hit by a parcel delivery van and was knocked unconscious and died the following day. He was buried in Toowong Cemetery. A number of Queensland places were named after him: the Walsh River the Shire of Walsh Walshs Pyramid Ørsted-Jensen: Robert: The Right To Live – the Troubled Conscience of an Australian Journalist Denholm, David. "Walsh, William Henry". Australian Dictionary of Biography. National Centre of Biography, Australian National University
Sir Thomas McIlwraith was for many years the dominant figure of colonial politics in Queensland. He was Premier of Queensland from 1879 to 1883, again in 1888, for a third time in 1893. In common with most politicians of his era, McIlwraith was an influential businessman, who combined his parliamentary career with a prosperous involvement in the pastoral industry. Thomas McIlwraith was born in Ayr, Scotland in 1835, one of four sons of John McIlwraith and shipowner, his wife Janet Hamilton née Howat, his eldest brother, migrated to Victoria in 1853. McIlwraith studied civil engineering at the University of Glasgow. McIlwraith's brother John's success in Melbourne persuaded him, in 1854, to migrate to Victoria where he worked as a surveyor and engineer for the Department of Railways, subsequently as a partner with Messrs Cornish and Bruce, railway contractors, he invested in eight pastoral holdings in the Maranoa district in Queensland. He retained close relations with his brother John, on 6 June 1863 married Margaret Whannell, sister of John's wife.
They had three daughters, Jessie and Blanche. He moved to Queensland, but Margaret was reluctant to live in isolated Merivale station. In 1871 she soon returned to Melbourne for Blanche's birth. In 1874 they decided to live in Brisbane. Thomas found that she was drinking and sent her to Scotland where she died in 1877. McIlwraith fathered an illegitimate daughter in Victoria. In 1877 McIlwraith was a founding partner of the North Australian Pastoral Company. In 1879 he married Harriette Ann née Mosman. Harriette was the sister of Hugh Mosman, who discovered gold in Charters Towers, Cecilia Mosman, wife of his political colleague Arthur Palmer. While working for J V A Bruce, he represented his employers in a dispute with the Victorian government, attracted public attention. In 1864 he contested the Sandhurst seat in the Victorian Legislative Assembly but won few votes as a free trader. McIlwraith was elected to the Legislative Assembly in the seat of Maranoa in 1868, he joined the ministry of Arthur Macalister in January 1874 becoming Secretary for Public Works and Mines.
He resigned from these posts in October of that year. The government of John Douglas was defeated in 1879 after a series of severe droughts and McIlwraith became premier for the first time, he worked to ameliorate the colony's finances and with the assistance of a return of agricultural prosperity he turned the budget deficit into a surplus. Queensland at this stage was seeing increasing numbers of immigrants and McIlwraith oversaw the colony's economic development; the McIlwraith government introduced the divisional system of local government to the larger part of Queensland and assisted in establishing a postal service through the Torres Strait Islands. In 1882 he was knighted; the Australian colonies were anxious about German colonial activities in the region, it became clear that the German government was planning to annex eastern New Guinea, to Queensland's north. McIlwraith took the extraordinary step of attempting to annex New Guinea for Queensland; this was disallowed by the British Secretary of State for the Colonies, Lord Derby on the basis that a colonial government had no authority to annex other colonies.
Yet it was at the same time suggested that the British government expedite the annexation of New Guinea if the Australian colonies would combine to finance the venture. This was instrumental in the gathering of an Intercolonial Convention in November and December 1883, with federation and annexation on its agenda, it was the first step to unite the Australian colonies in a federation movement. The result was that orders were given to establish British New Guinea, as a protectorate on the southern coast of eastern coast of New Guinea on 6 November 1884. However, well informed the German Navy had secretly landed annexing the northern coast under the name ‘Kaiser-Wilhelmsland’ three days earlier, but the news about German New Guinea was kept a secret until the news broke on 22 December that year. In 1883 a government proposal to raise funds for the construction of a transcontinental railway line by a system of land grants was attacked for corruption in allocation of grants. McIlwraith lost office to his rival, Samuel Griffith, in November and retired from politics in 1886.
McIlwraith returned to the Parliament in this time as member for North Brisbane. His party won a majority in the elections and he again became Premier and Treasurer, he came into conflict with the colony's Governor, Sir Anthony Musgrave over the exercise of the royal pardon. Musgrave died in October and McIlwraith petitioned the new Colonial Secretary Lord Knutsford, to allow the Queensland government to be consulted on the choice of governor. Knutsford refused and appointed Sir Harry Blake, the local legislature problematically declined to ratify the appointment. In November of that year ill-health forced him to resign in favour of Boyd Dunlop Morehead, whereupon McIlwraith travelled to China and Japan. After his return, McIlwraith's relationship with his colleagues had detoriorated, in August 1890 he formed an alliance with his erstwhile foe to become Treasurer in the government of Sir Samuel Griffith. In March 1893 Griffith stepped down to join the Supreme Court of Queensland and McIlwraith became Premier aga
South Australia is a state in the southern central part of Australia. It covers some of the most arid parts of the country. With a total land area of 983,482 square kilometres, it is the fourth-largest of Australia's states and territories by area, fifth largest by population, it has a total of 1.7 million people, its population is the second most centralised in Australia, after Western Australia, with more than 77 percent of South Australians living in the capital, Adelaide, or its environs. Other population centres in the state are small. South Australia shares borders with all of the other mainland states, with the Northern Territory; the state comprises less than 8 percent of the Australian population and ranks fifth in population among the six states and two territories. The majority of its people reside in greater Metropolitan Adelaide. Most of the remainder are settled in fertile areas along River Murray; the state's colonial origins are unique in Australia as a settled, planned British province, rather than as a convict settlement.
Colonial government commenced on 28 December 1836, when the members of the council were sworn in near the Old Gum Tree. As with the rest of the continent, the region had been long occupied by Aboriginal peoples, who were organised into numerous tribes and languages; the South Australian Company established a temporary settlement at Kingscote, Kangaroo Island, on 26 July 1836, five months before Adelaide was founded. The guiding principle behind settlement was that of systematic colonisation, a theory espoused by Edward Gibbon Wakefield, employed by the New Zealand Company; the goal was to establish the province as a centre of civilisation for free immigrants, promising civil liberties and religious tolerance. Although its history is marked by economic hardship, South Australia has remained politically innovative and culturally vibrant. Today, it is known for numerous cultural festivals; the state's economy is dominated by the agricultural and mining industries. Evidence of human activity in South Australia dates back as far as 20,000 years, with flint mining activity and rock art in the Koonalda Cave on the Nullarbor Plain.
In addition wooden spears and tools were made in an area now covered in peat bog in the South East. Kangaroo Island was inhabited; the first recorded European sighting of the South Australian coast was in 1627 when the Dutch ship the Gulden Zeepaert, captained by François Thijssen and mapped a section of the coastline as far east as the Nuyts Archipelago. Thijssen named the whole of the country eastward of the Leeuwin "Nuyts Land", after a distinguished passenger on board; the coastline of South Australia was first mapped by Matthew Flinders and Nicolas Baudin in 1802, excepting the inlet named the Port Adelaide River, first discovered in 1831 by Captain Collet Barker and accurately charted in 1836–37 by Colonel William Light, leader of the South Australian Colonization Commissioners"First Expedition' and first Surveyor-General of South Australia. The land which now forms the state of South Australia was claimed for Britain in 1788 as part of the colony of New South Wales. Although the new colony included two-thirds of the continent, early settlements were all on the eastern coast and only a few intrepid explorers ventured this far west.
It took more than forty years before any serious proposal to establish settlements in the south-western portion of New South Wales were put forward. On 15 August 1834, the British Parliament passed the South Australia Act 1834, which empowered His Majesty to erect and establish a province or provinces in southern Australia; the act stated that the land between 132° and 141° east longitude and from 26° south latitude to the southern ocean would be allotted to the colony, it would be convict-free. In contrast to the rest of Australia, terra nullius did not apply to the new province; the Letters Patent, which used the enabling provisions of the South Australia Act 1834 to fix the boundaries of the Province of South Australia, provided that "nothing in those our Letters Patent shall affect or be construed to affect the rights of any Aboriginal Natives of the said Province to the actual occupation and enjoyment in their own Persons or in the Persons of their Descendants of any Lands therein now occupied or enjoyed by such Natives."
Although the patent guaranteed land rights under force of law for the indigenous inhabitants it was ignored by the South Australian Company authorities and squatters. Survey was required before settlement of the province, the Colonization Commissioners for South Australia appointed William Light as the leader of its'First Expedition', tasked with examining 1500 miles of the South Australian coastline and selecting the best site for the capital, with planning and surveying the site of the city into one-acre Town Sections and its surrounds into 134-acre Country Sections. Eager to commence the establishment of their whale and seal fisheries, the South Australian Company sought, obtained, the Commissioners' permission to send Company ships to South Australia, in advance of the surveys and ahead of the Commissioners' colonists; the Company's settlement of seven vessels and 636 people was temporarily made at Kingscote on Kangaroo Island, until
David Bowman (politician)
David Bowman was a Labor politician in the Legislative Assembly of Queensland and Queensland Leader of the Opposition from 1908 to 1912. Bowman was born in Bendigo, Victoria on 4 August 1860, he was son of a miner and Isabella Bowman both of whom were born in Scotland. Trained as a bootmaker in Victoria, Bowman moved north to Queensland in 1888; the following year, Bowman became the president of the Brisbane District Council of the Australian Labour Federation. In 1891, as an employee of the ALF, Bowman was responsible for organizing shearers and bushworkers during the pastoral strike. In 1892, he was elected as vice-president and the following year he became the president of the ALF. Bowman's first attempt at entering politics was at the 1893 colonial election in the seat South Brisbane, losing out to Harry Turley and Charles Midson in the two member electorate. At the 1899 election, Bowman ran again. Ministerialist William Hood had been returned by a one-vote majority. Bowman, the sole opponent, filed a petition against Hood's return and on 21 November 1899, the election was declared void.
Bowman won the resulting by-election on 16 December 1899 with a majority of 44 votes. At the following election in 1902, Bowman lost in his seat to Patrick Leahy. After the defeat, he returned to Brisbane. Bowman stood again at the 1904 election in the north eastern Brisbane seat of Fortitude Valley where he was victorious, he was returned as the Member for Fortitude Valley in the next six elections, holding the seat until his death. Though accepting his party's decision to join the Morgan-Browne coalition in September 1903, Bowman believed that Labor should not ally itself with other parties but should aim to govern in its own right. By 1905, he had joined Albert Hinchcliffe and Mat Reid and president of the Central Political Executive, Henry Boote, editor of The Worker, in opposing the continuation of the Liberal-Labor coalition, now dominated by William Kidston. Bowman became vice-president of the Central Political Executive in 1904 and at the 1905 and 1907 Labor in Politics conventions led a parliamentary faction opposed to Kidston, which succeeded in committing the party to fighting future elections alone.
George Kerr, Labor leader from 1904 to 1907 supported the continuation of the coalition but was decisively defeated when the convention resolved that Labor should stand alone. Following the 1907 convention, Bowman was elected as the parliamentary Labor leader, he was disabled as a leader by poor health. He was, however and respected for his personality and integrity by colleagues and opponents alike. Bowman lead Labor into the 1907, 1908, 1909 and 1912 state elections failing to win a majority every time. After the 1912 election, Bowman resigned as T. J. Ryan was elected in his place. Ryan led Labor to their first majority government in Queensland at the 1915 election, winning 45 of the 72 seats. On 1 June, Bowman was sworn in as the Home Secretary as part the Ryan Ministry. However, his health was so poor. Bowman married Elizabeth Jane Fisher on 20 May 1885 in Ballarat. Together they had two sons. Bowman died in Brisbane, Queensland on 25 February 1916 and was buried in Toowong Cemetery with Presbyterian rites.
In 1948, the newly proclaimed. Bowman Park at Simpsons Road Bardon was named in his honour, shortly after his death in 1916
Roma is a town and the administrative centre in the Maranoa Region, Australia. The town was incorporated in 1867 and is named after Lady Diamantina Bowen, the wife of Sir George Bowen, the Governor of Queensland at the time. At the 2016 census, Roma had a population of 6,848.. Roma is in the Maranoa district of Australia, 515 km by rail WNW of Brisbane, it is situated at the junction of the Carnarvon highways. It is the centre of wheat-growing district. Prior the European settlement the Aboriginal peoples of the Mandandanji Nation occupied this region. Roma was named after Lady Diamantina Bowen, wife of the first Governor of Queensland, George Bowen, in 1867. In 1863 Samuel Symons Bassett brought Queensland's vine cuttings to Roma and established the Romaville Winery and a century Roma was the site of Australia's first oil and gas discoveries. Captain Starlight, a cattle rustler, was tried and acquitted in the Roma Courthouse in February 1873. No successful conviction for cattle rustling has been made in Roma.
Roma has a number of heritage-listed sites, including: 75 Arthur Street: State Butchers Shop 42 Bungil Street: Roma Government Complex 38–44 Hawthorne Street: Hibernian Hall McDowall Street: Roma Court House and Police Buildings 86 McDowell Street: Hunter's Emporium 77 Northern Road: Romavilla Winery Warrego Highway, Bungeworgorai: Mount Abundance Homestead Wyndham Street: War Memorial and Heroes Avenue Roma has a humid subtropical climate, which gets enough precipitation to avoid the semi-arid climate. Its location on the far south of the Carnarvon Range at an elevation of 299 metres above sea level means that it is cooler and wetter than the plains to the south and west, while being warmer and drier than areas to the north and east. Temperatures in Roma range from 34 °C in summer to 20 °C in winter and winter minimums can drop below freezing. Rainfall is mild and distributed evenly throughout the year, with an annual average of 587.9 mm, however it peaks in summer due to frequent showers and thunderstorms.
Roma is too far inland to experience the influence of tropical cyclones and monsoonal rain depressions, however there are exceptions, these systems have caused significant flooding in the town. Extremes have ranged from 45.8 °C to −5.8 °C. The town is situated on a tributary of the Condamine River. In March 2010, Roma experienced its worst floods in over 100 years. Flooding occurred in April 2011, a year of record rainfall in Roma. In early February 2012, Roma was devastated by its worst floods in history, eclipsing the level reached in 2010. Having experienced three successive years of flooding, in May 2012, one insurer, announced it would not issue new policies to Roma residents, unless action was taken to mitigate the flood risk in Roma. Roma is the major provisional centre for the Maranoa District, South West Queensland for government and industry business, it is on the western fringe of the Surat Basin energy / resources boom. The Maranoa's agriculture industry is worth $620 million annually, 64.3% being generated from crops.
58.7% of businesses in the Maranoa are in the agriculture and fishing sector, which employs 32.7% of the region's workforce. 2005 was a record year for Roma saleyards processing 390,000 head of cattle. Roma is home to the largest store cattle saleyards in the Southern Hemisphere. We sell heaps and offer tours on saledays, which are Tuesday and Thursday Forestry plantations include Hardwood and Cypress Pines. Roma and the Maranoa region is home to Australia's most active native Cypress Pine sawmilling. In 1906 natural gas was used for lighting in Roma; the industry has expanded. Origin Energy's Spring Gully Coal Seam Gas Development is about 80 kilometres north of Roma and its projects include an 87 kilometres gas pipeline to Roma's neighbour town of Wallumbilla to connect with the 434 kilometres Roma-to-Brisbane gas pipeline hub there. Origin Energy is proposing Spring Gully Power Station as an $870 Million, 1,000 MW power station that will provide electricity to South-East Queensland. With a base at the Spring Gully CSG site, the power station will have the benefit of being close to the source of gas and able to use the waste-water left over from the other CSG operations.
Santos GLNG, is developing CSG fields in the district and is undertaking the project on behalf of a joint venture arrangement with Santos Limited, Petroliam Nasional Berhad and Korean Gas Corporation. The projects are spatially intensive and include production and monitoring wells, underground gas storage, injection wells, fixed above-ground gas field facilities, water management infrastructure, above and below-ground gas and water pipelines; the groundbreaking study, known as the Roma Managed Aquifer Recharge Study, is the first of its kind in Australia. It is considered experimental in nature as the risks are unknown; the Roma CSG Field pilot trial Stage 4 is in operation and Roma CSG Field Stage 4 operation is due to commence Q3/Q4 2014. The project will allow for the injection of up to 24 ML/d of treated coal seam gas water into the Gubberamunda Sandstone aquifer for up to 20 yearsIn 2010, a SANTOS project study investigated the possibility of introducing treated CSG produce water into Roma's existing underground aquifer which supplies the town's water needs, including drinking water Water bores have been s