Proserpine is a town and a locality in the Whitsunday Region, Australia. Founded in the 1890s, it is the administrative/service centre and gateway to the Whitsunday Region by road and air. At the 2016 census, Proserpine had a population of 3,562. Proserpine is expected to grow due to its ample land for development, investment in infrastructure and its affordability for first home buyers and families, it is planned to become an export hub for produce from the northern region which will further boost employment. The town has seen significant public and private investment in recent years and is a popular area for new residents to the region with ex residents of places like Sydney finding Proserpine an attractive town to migrate to, the town holds the top ranking for suburbs in the Mackay/Whitsunday region on Homely.com.au when ranked by infrastructure, sporting facilities. It is popular among golfers with the only 18 hole course on the mainland. Proserpine is a major stopping point for vehicular traffic.
The town is located along the banks of the Proserpine River and is surrounded by vast flat areas of land primarily used for sugarcane farming and urban expansion. Clarke Range is located to the west, northwards is Dryander National Park and to the east is Conway National Park; the Clarke Range to the west of the town contains the small, former gold mining town of Dittmer and provide a backdrop to the area. The town name Proserpine derives from the Proserpine River, whose name was derived from the legend of the Greek goddess Persephone. Proserpine was founded in the 1890s; the Postal Office opened in 1886. The town experienced high growth in the 1900s as the local sugar industry grew and exported raw sugar via the Proserpine Landing from here it was sent to refineries. At this time it was the fastest growing regional town in Queensland. In 1944 the Australian Field Experimental Station was constructed at Gunyarra just south of the town, this accommodated 600 staff from the AIF, AMF, RAAF, Australian Women's Army Service, Australian Army Medical Women's Service, Women's Auxiliary Australian Air Force, United Kingdom Royal Army Medical Corps, UK scientists from Porton, Australian civilian scientists, observers from New Zealand Navy, South African Army, United States, Australian Chemical Defence Board.
It was constructed to research the effectiveness of Mustard Gas in tropical conditions. In the 1950s the Proserpine Airport was opened. In 1986 construction commenced on the Peter Faust Dam 25 kilometres north-west of the town to be used for flood mitigation during the wet season and irrigation during the dry, the dam was completed in 1990 and was expected to take decades to fill but a passing cyclone helped boost levels close to maximum capacity; the 1990s saw the Proserpine Sugar Mill crush a record amount of cane in 1996. The Proserpine Library opened in 1998 and had a major refurbishment in 2011. Proserpine is shaping up to be the growth centre for the Whitsunday Region with access to a vast array of facilities, affordable land and close proximity to the airport and economic developments working in its favour. In 2017 the Whitsunday Regional Council released the Proserpine Town Master Plan, intended to drive growth and much needed major improvements to town amenities and infrastructure; the first project to come to fruition of this plan is a Waterpark.
In 2019 the Australian Labor Party committed funding towards the future construction of a new Entertainment Centre—this is a new $10 million project, the Liberal Party of Australia has indicated its intention to fund this new project and announcements are expected to be made before the 2019 Australian federal election. It was announced a new mobile specialist clinic will be servicing the town from mid 2019 providing specialist services to the community reducing the need for travel to other centers. Major seafood company Tassal is spending $30 million in 2019 on expanding and upgrading its prawn farm in Proserpine. Heritage-listed sites include: Herbert Street: Proserpine Hospital Main Street: St Paul's Anglican Church Proserpine is a major hub for the Whitsundays region, providing important infrastructure, including the rail station, the main airport for domestic and future International services, two high schools and primary schools, the region's only medium-sized modern hospital and other services.
It is a future base for workers involved in nearby mines including the $22 billion Adani Carmichael coal project and the future industrial hub of the region. The Proserpine Community Centre opened in 2014 and provides a range of social services and spaces to the community. In 2007 it won the Tourism Queensland Friendliest town award. Proserpine is growing and this growth trajectory will be boosted by its airport becoming International standard in 2017/18, its affordability for new home buyers/builders and its short commute distance to the mines and all the best the region has to offer; the Proserpine Library is located at 12 Main Street. In the 2016 census, Proserpine recorded a population of 3,562 people; this is up from the 2011 count. It is expected this upward trend will accelerate. Proserpine is the gateway to the Whitsunday Region and nearby Great Barrier Reef with most flights to the region from all 3 major capitals arriving at the towns airport, the regions only rail terminus receiving regular services north to Cairns connecting Proserpine with cities such as Townsville and Cairns and south to Brisbane connecting it to cities like Mackay, Gladstone, Sunshine Coast and Roma Street sta
Legislative Assembly of Queensland
The Legislative Assembly of Queensland is the sole chamber of the unicameral Parliament of Queensland. Elections are held every four years. Voting is by the full-preferential voting form of the alternative vote system; the Assembly has 93 members, who have used the letters MP after their names since 2000. There is the same population in each electorate; the Assembly first sat in May 1860 and produced Australia's first Hansard in April 1864. Following the outcome of the 2015 election, successful amendments to the electoral act in early 2016 include: adding an additional four parliamentary seats from 89 to 93, changing from optional preferential voting to full-preferential voting, moving from unfixed three-year terms to fixed four-year terms; the Legislative Assembly was the lower house of a typical Westminster-style bicameral parliament. The upper house was the Legislative Council, its members appointed for life by the government of the day; the first sitting, in May 1860, was held in the old converted convict barracks in Queen Street.
It consisted of 26 members from 16 electorates, nearly half of whom were squatters. Early sessions dealt with issues of land, railways, public works, immigration and gold discoveries. In April 1864, Australia's first Hansard was produced, it was the second Hansard to be made in the Commonwealth, after Nova Scotia in 1855. That year saw member numbers increased to 32, by 1868—as more redistributions occurred—the number grew to 42. Members were not paid until 1886 excluding the working class from state politics; the Assembly was elected under the'first-past-the-post' system 1860 to 1892. From until 1942 an unusual form of preferential voting called the'contingent vote' was used; this was introduced by a conservative government to hinder the emerging Labor Party from gaining seats with minority support. In 1942 the plurality system was reintroduced; the Labor government in power had seen its vote decline in the 1940s and sought to divide the opposition. In 1962, it was replaced with full preferential voting, as the governing conservatives wanted to take advantage of a split in Labor.
In 1992, this was changed to the optional preferential system used. After 1912, electorates elected only a single member to the Assembly. In 1922, the Legislative Council was abolished, with the help of members known as the "suicide squad", who were specially appointed to vote the chamber out of existence; this left Queensland with a unicameral parliament—currently the only Australian state with this arrangement. From 1948 until the reforms following the end of the Bjelke-Petersen era, Queensland used an electoral zoning system, tweaked by the government of the day to maximise its own voter support at the expense of the opposition, it has been called a form of gerrymander, however it is more referred to as an electoral malapportionment. In a classic gerrymander, electoral boundaries are drawn to take advantage of known pockets of supporters and to isolate areas of opposition voters so as to maximise the number of seats for the government for a given number of votes and to cause opposition support to be "wasted" by concentrating their supporters in fewer electorates.
The Queensland "gerrymander", first introduced by the Labor Party government of Ned Hanlon in 1949 used a series of electoral zones based on their distance from Brisbane. Queensland was divided into three zones—the metropolitan zone, the provincial cities zone and the rural zone. While the number of electors in each seat in a zone was equal, there was considerable variation in the number of electors between zones, thus an electorate in the remote zone might have as few as 5,000 electors, while a seat in the metropolitan zone might have as many as 25,000. Using this system the Labor government was able to maximise its vote in its power base of the provincial city zone. With the split in the party in the late 1950s the ALP lost office and a conservative Coalition government led by the Country Party under Frank Nicklin came to power, which, as discussed above modified the voting system to introduce preferential voting, to take advantage of Labor's split, it separated the provincial cities from their hinterlands.
The hinterlands were added to the rural zone. As the divisions in the ALP abated in the early 1970s, tensions in the conservative coalition grew, the conservative government, now led by Joh Bjelke-Petersen, modified the zoning system to add a fourth zone—a remote zone, comprising seats with fewer electors, thus the conservative government was able to isolate Labor support in provincial cities and maximise its own rural power base. On average, the Country Party needed only 7,000 votes to win a seat, compared with 12,800 for a typical Labor seat; the entrenchment of a Coalition government was caused by socio-economic and demographic changes associated with mechanisation of farms and urbanisation which led to a drift of working class population from rural and remote electorates to the cities. By the late 1980s the decline in the political fortunes of the National Party, together with rapid growth in south east Queensland meant that the zonal system was no longer able to guarantee a conservative victory.
In addition, in 1988 the Federal Labor Government held four constitutional referendums—one of, for the adoption of fair electoral systems around
Whitsunday Island is the largest island in the Whitsunday group of islands located off the coast of Central Queensland, Australia. Whitehaven Beach was rated as the top Eco Friendly Beach in the world by CNN.com in July 2010. The island should not be confused with Pinaki in the Tuamotu group, named "Whitsunday Island" by Samuel Wallis in 1767, it was once settled by the sea-faring Ngaro people. The first of the logging camps on the island was set up by Eugene Fitzalan in 1861 to exploit the large hoop pine for construction of buildings on the mainland; the island is accessible by boat from the mainland tourist ports of Shute Harbour. It contains many popular destinations for both day visitors and overnight sailors, including the magnificent pure-white sands of Whitehaven Beach and Hill Inlet, the secure anchorage of Cid Harbour, the sheltered waterway of Gulnare Inlet; the island has six campgrounds. Named by Captain James Cook in early June 1770, the island covers 27,508 ha in area. Around the northern bays of the island are seagrass beds which support a diverse range of marine life.
Unadorned rock-wallabies are found on the island. The seas here are warm, shallow, nutrient rich and fast moving due to large tidal flows making them well-suited to the growth of fringing coral reefs. There was a fatal shark attack here. November 5th 2018. Whitsunday List of islands of Australia Whitsunday Islands National Park Media related to Whitsunday Island at Wikimedia Commons
Liberal National Party of Queensland
The Liberal National Party of Queensland is a political party in Queensland, Australia. It was formed in 2008 by a merger of the Queensland divisions of the Liberal Party and the National Party. At a federal level and in most other states the two parties remain distinct and operate as a more or less permanent Coalition; the LNP is a full member of the Liberal Party of Australia, has observer status within the National Party of Australia. After suffering defeat at its first election in 2009 the LNP won government for the first time at the 2012 election, winning 78 out of 89 seats, a record majority in the unicameral Parliament of Queensland. Campbell Newman became the first LNP Premier of Queensland; the Newman Government was subsequently defeated by the opposition Labor Party at the 2015 election. Prior to the merger the National Party and Liberal Party had found themselves in frequent competition with one another for seats in Queensland since the 1970s; the Liberal Party and the National Party have been in a coalition at the federal level for all but a few years since 1923.
In most parts of Australia the Liberal Party is the larger party, concentrated in urban areas, with the Nationals a junior partner operating in rural and regional areas. Competition between the two is thus minimised as the two attempt to win more seats combined than the Australian Labor Party. However, Queensland is Australia's most decentralised state. Brisbane is by far the largest city in Queensland. However, only around 45% of the population lives in the Brisbane area, with a greater portion of the state's population distributed either in regional cities like Toowoomba, Townsville, Mackay and Cairns, or in rural areas; as such, the urban-rural divide is not as pronounced in Queensland as in the rest of Australia. The Country/National Party was stronger in these regional centres than the Liberals; as a result, the Nationals had more seats than the Liberals and their predecessors, had been the senior partner in the non-Labor Coalition since 1924. This division into urban and rural areas was, for most of the twentieth century, reflected in a system of different electoral weighting that made it easier for rural-based parties to win more seats in Parliament.
The formation of the LNP was the third attempt to unite the non-Labor side in Queensland. In 1925, the United Party — the Queensland branch of the urban-based Nationalist Party — and the Country Party merged as the Country and Progressive National Party; this party won government in 1929 under former Queensland Country leader Arthur Edward Moore, but was defeated in 1932 and split apart in 1936. In 1941, the Queensland divisions of the United Australia Party and Country Party merged as the Country-National Organisation, under Frank Nicklin of the Country side. However, this merger only lasted until 1944. During the 1970s, the Country Party began running candidates in the more urbanised south-east corner of the state, including the Brisbane area, in direct competition with the Liberals; this was part of a larger strategy by the federal party to expand its base outside of rural areas — reflected in successive name changes to the National Country Party in 1975 and the National Party in 1982. The state party had changed its name to the National Party in 1974 as part of its effort to broaden its reach.
After more than a decade of fraught relations, the Liberals pulled out of the Coalition in 1983. The Nationals came up one seat short of a majority in their own right in the election held that year; the Nationals persuaded two Liberals to defect to them, governed alone until their defeat in 1989. In 1992 the electoral system was changed to Optional Preferential Voting, meaning that three-cornered contests between Liberal and Labor candidates became much more to see Labor candidates win; the other change in 1992 was the end of the old zonal electoral system for the Legislative Assembly, the sole chamber of the state's parliament. As a result, 40 of the 89 seats—almost half of the seats in the legislature—were now based in Brisbane; the Liberals and Nationals signed a renewed Coalition agreement in November 1992, two months after Labor won a second term. However, it was all but impossible to win a majority government without a substantial base in Brisbane, something, difficult for the Coalition to do since the Nationals were the senior partner.
Brisbane's increased share of the legislature made it politically difficult to win a minority government without winning a significant share of the capital's seats. Labor was in government for all but three years from 1989 to 2012 in large part because it won at least 30 seats in greater Brisbane at every election; when it was consigned to opposition by the Rob Borbidge-led Coalition from 1996 to 1998, Labor still won 31 seats in Brisbane. The 1995 state election proved. While it won a slim majority of the two-party vote, much of that margin was wasted on landslides in the Nationals' heartland; as mentioned above, Labor won 31 seats in Brisbane. The Labor majority was lost altogether a few months in a by-election, but the Coalition was only able to form a minority government by a margin of one seat with the support of independent Liz Cunningham; this underscored how difficult the 1992 reforms
Mackay is a city and its centre suburb in the Mackay Region on the eastern coast of Queensland, Australia. It is located about 970 kilometres north on the Pioneer River. Mackay is nicknamed the sugar capital of Australia because its region produces more than a third of Australia's sugar. There is controversy about the location of the region for administrative purposes, with most people referring to it as a part of either Central Queensland or North Queensland. Indeed, much confusion lies within the Queensland Government, with government services being provided through both Townsville and Rockhampton; the area is known as the Mackay–Whitsunday Region. The city was named after John Mackay. In 1860, he was the leader of an expedition into the Pioneer Valley. Mackay proposed to name the river Mackay River after his father George Mackay. Thomas Henry Fitzgerald surveyed the township and proposed it was called Alexandra after Princess Alexandra of Denmark, who married Prince Edward. However, in 1862 the river was renamed to be the Pioneer River, after HMS Pioneer in which Queensland Governor George Bowen travelled to the area, the township name was changed to be Mackay in honour of John Mackay.
Fitzgerald decided to use the name Alexandra for his sugar cane plantation and sugar mill, which provided the name to the Mackay suburb of Alexandra today. There has always been much contention over the pronunciation of the name Mackay. Correspondence received by Mackay City Library in 2007, from descendants of John Mackay, confirms that the correct pronunciation is, from the Gaelic name "MacAoidh", pronounced "ɑɪ" not "eɪ"; the area, now Mackay City was inhabited by the local Yuibera people. One of the first white settlers to travel through the Mackay region was Captain James Cook, who reached the Mackay coast on 1 June 1770 and named several local landmarks, including Cape Palmerston, Slade Point and Cape Hillsborough, it was during this trip that the Endeavour's botanist, Sir Joseph Banks recorded seeing Aboriginal people. In 1860, John Mackay led an expedition to the Pioneer Valley and was the first European to visit the area now named after him. In 1918, Mackay was hit by a major tropical cyclone causing severe damage and loss of life with hurricane-force winds and a large storm surge.
The resulting death toll was further increased by an outbreak of bubonic plague. The foundation stone of the Mackay War Memorial was laid on the river bank on 18 November 1928 by the mayor George Albert Milton, it was unveiled on 1 May 1929 by the mayor. Due to flooding, the memorial was relocated to Jubilee Park in 1945. Due to the construction of the Civic Centre, it was relocated to another part of the park in March 1973; the largest loss of life in an Australian aircraft accident was a B17 aircraft, with 40 of 41 people on board perishing, on 14 June 1943, after departing from Mackay Aerodrome, crashing in the Bakers Creek area. The Rats of Tobruk Memorial commemorates those who died since the Battle of Tobruk; the memorial was dedicated on 4 March 2001. On 18 February 1958, Mackay was hit with massive flooding caused by heavy rainfall upstream with 878 mm of rain falling at Finch Hatton in 24 hours; the flood peaked at 9.14 metres. The water flooded Mackay within hours. Residents were taken to emergency accommodation.
The flood broke Australian records. On 15 February 2008 exactly 50 years from the last major flood, Mackay was devastated by severe flooding caused by over 600 mm of rain in 6 hours with around 2000 homes affected. Mackay was battered by Tropical Cyclone Ului, a category three cyclone which crossed the coast at nearby Airlie Beach, around 1:30 am on Sunday 21 March 2010. Over 60,000 homes lost power and some phone services failed during the storm, but no deaths were reported; the Dudley Denny City Library opened in 2016. Mackay has a number of heritage-listed sites, including: Alfred Street: Mackay Technical College Alfred Street: World War I Cenotaph 251 Alfred Street: Mackay Central State School Cemetery Road: Mackay General Cemetery Cowleys Road: Selwyn House, Mackay 38 East Gordon Street: East Gordon Street Sewerage Works 39 Gordon Street: Holy Trinity Church Habana Road: Richmond Mill Ruins 21 MacAlister Street: St Pauls Uniting Church 10 River Street: WH Paxton & Co buildings 31 River Street: Mackay Customs House 239 Nebo Road: Sugar Research Institute 63 Sydney Street: Mackay Town Hall Victoria Street: Mackay Court House and Police Station 63 Victoria Street: Commonwealth Bank Building 79 Victoria Street: Queensland National Bank 1 Wood Street: Pioneer Shire Council Building 57 Wood Street: Mackay Masonic Temple Mackay is situated on the 21st parallel south on the banks of the Pioneer River.
The Clarke Range lies to the west of the city. The city is expanding to accommodate for growth with most of the expansion happening in the Beachside, Southern and Pioneer Valley suburbs. Suburbs to the North of the city such as Midge Point are fast growing with residential estates in demand. Mackay has a humid subtropical climate under the Köppen climate classification. Average maximum temperatures range from 30 °C in summer to 23 °C in winter, while minimums range from 23 °C to 11 °C. Winters are sunny and dry, with minimum temperatures around 10 °C, but any lower than 5 °C. Days are warm. Frost is rare in Mackay however may be recorded to the west of the city some winters. Mackay gets around 110.0 clear days annually. Spring is dry, but hotter and more humid than winter, with temperatures
Queensland is the second-largest and third-most populous state in the Commonwealth of Australia. Situated in the north-east of the country, it is bordered by the Northern Territory, South Australia and New South Wales to the west, south-west and south respectively. To the east, Queensland is bordered by the Coral Pacific Ocean. To its north is the Torres Strait, with Papua New Guinea located less than 200 km across it from the mainland; the state is the world's sixth-largest sub-national entity, with an area of 1,852,642 square kilometres. As of 15 May 2018, Queensland has a population of 5,000,000, concentrated along the coast and in the state's South East; the capital and largest city in the state is Australia's third-largest city. Referred to as the "Sunshine State", Queensland is home to 10 of Australia's 30 largest cities and is the nation's third-largest economy. Tourism in the state, fuelled by its warm tropical climate, is a major industry. Queensland was first inhabited by Torres Strait Islanders.
The first European to land in Queensland was Dutch navigator Willem Janszoon in 1606, who explored the west coast of the Cape York Peninsula near present-day Weipa. In 1770, Lieutenant James Cook claimed the east coast of Australia for the Kingdom of Great Britain; the colony of New South Wales was founded in 1788 by Governor Arthur Phillip at Sydney. Queensland was explored in subsequent decades until the establishment of a penal colony at Brisbane in 1824 by John Oxley. Penal transportation ceased in 1839 and free settlement was allowed from 1842; the state was named in honour of Queen Victoria, who on 6 June 1859 signed Letters Patent separating the colony from New South Wales. Queensland Day is celebrated annually statewide on 6 June. Queensland was one of the six colonies which became the founding states of Australia with federation on 1 January 1901; the history of Queensland spans thousands of years, encompassing both a lengthy indigenous presence, as well as the eventful times of post-European settlement.
The north-eastern Australian region was explored by Dutch and French navigators before being encountered by Lieutenant James Cook in 1770. The state has witnessed frontier warfare between European settlers and Indigenous inhabitants, as well as the exploitation of cheap Kanaka labour sourced from the South Pacific through a form of forced recruitment known at the time as "blackbirding"; the Australian Labor Party has its origin as a formal organisation in Queensland and the town of Barcaldine is the symbolic birthplace of the party. June 2009 marked the 150th anniversary of its creation as a separate colony from New South Wales. A rare record of early settler life in north Queensland can be seen in a set of ten photographic glass plates taken in the 1860s by Richard Daintree, in the collection of the National Museum of Australia; the Aboriginal occupation of Queensland is thought to predate 50,000 BC via boat or land bridge across Torres Strait, became divided into over 90 different language groups.
During the last ice age Queensland's landscape became more arid and desolate, making food and other supplies scarce. This led to the world's first seed-grinding technology. Warming again made the land hospitable, which brought high rainfall along the eastern coast, stimulating the growth of the state's tropical rainforests. In February 1606, Dutch navigator Willem Janszoon landed near the site of what is now Weipa, on the western shore of Cape York; this was the first recorded landing of a European in Australia, it marked the first reported contact between European and Aboriginal Australian people. The region was explored by French and Spanish explorers prior to the arrival of Lieutenant James Cook in 1770. Cook claimed the east coast under instruction from King George III of the United Kingdom on 22 August 1770 at Possession Island, naming Eastern Australia, including Queensland,'New South Wales'; the Aboriginal population declined after a smallpox epidemic during the late 18th century. In 1823, John Oxley, a British explorer, sailed north from what is now Sydney to scout possible penal colony sites in Gladstone and Moreton Bay.
At Moreton Bay, he found the Brisbane River. He established a settlement at what is now Redcliffe; the settlement known as Edenglassie, was transferred to the current location of the Brisbane city centre. Edmund Lockyer discovered outcrops of coal along the banks of the upper Brisbane River in 1825. In 1839 transportation of convicts was ceased, culminating in the closure of the Brisbane penal settlement. In 1842 free settlement was permitted. In 1847, the Port of Maryborough was opened as a wool port; the first free immigrant ship to arrive in Moreton Bay was the Artemisia, in 1848. In 1857, Queensland's first lighthouse was built at Cape Moreton. A war, sometimes called a "war of extermination", erupted between Aborigines and settlers in colonial Queensland; the Frontier War was notable for being the most bloody in Australia due to Queensland's larger pre-contact indigenous population when compared to the other Australian colonies. About 1,500 European settlers and their alli
Pauline Hanson's One Nation
Pauline Hanson's One Nation is a nationalist, right-wing populist party in Australia. One Nation was founded in 1997, by member of parliament Pauline Hanson and her advisors David Ettridge and David Oldfield after Hanson was disendorsed as a federal candidate for the Liberal Party of Australia; the disendorsement came before the 1996 federal election because of comments she made about Indigenous Australians. Hanson sat as an independent for one year before forming Pauline Hanson's One Nation. Federally, no One Nation candidate has been elected to the House of Representatives. However, one candidate from the party was elected to the Senate in the 1998 federal election, four One Nation senators were elected in the 2016 federal election. In state politics, One Nation has performed better. At the 1998 Queensland state election the party gained more than 22% of the vote in Queensland's unicameral legislative assembly, winning 11 of the 89 seats. David Oldfield was elected to the New South Wales Legislative Council as a One Nation candidate, but he was expelled from the party and formed the unsuccessful splinter group, One Nation NSW.
Three members were elected to the Western Australian Legislative Council. One Nation changed its name back to "Pauline Hanson's One Nation" in June 2015. At the 2016 federal election the party polled 4.3% of the nationwide primary vote in the Senate. Only Queensland polled higher for the party than their nationwide percentage − the party polled 9.2% of the primary vote in that state. Pauline Hanson and three other One Nation candidates − Malcolm Roberts, Brian Burston and Rod Culleton were elected to the Senate. Elected to the 3rd Queensland Senate spot, as per convention Hanson is serving a six-year term while the three other One Nation Senators who were elected in the last half of spots were appointed to three-year terms. Culleton was stripped of his seat in January 2017. In March 2017, the High Court ruled that Culleton's election to the Senate was invalid in any event because of a criminal conviction in New South Wales. After a court-ordered recount, Culleton was replaced by the second candidate on the WA list, Peter Georgiou.
Former Labor Party leader, Mark Latham, joined the party in November 2018 as leader for New South Wales. Latham contested a seat in the Legislative Council winning it in March 2019; the party has a nationalist and conservative platform. Hanson and other party members have denied claims. Hanson says that "criticism is not racism" about her statements on race. Hanson has said that she enjoys the company of other ethnicities and welcomes people to Australia wherever their origin, but does not want other cultures to overly influence Australia. One Nation was formed in 1997 by David Oldfield and David Ettridge. Hanson was an endorsed Liberal Party candidate for the seat of Oxley, Queensland at the 1996 federal election, but was disendorsed by the party shortly before the elections due to comments she made to a local newspaper in Ipswich, Queensland opposing "race-based welfare". Oldfield, a councillor on Manly Council in suburban Sydney and at one time an employee of Liberal minister Tony Abbott, was the organisational architect of the party.
The name "One Nation" was chosen to signify belief in national unity, in contrast to a perceived increasing division in Australian society caused by government policies claimed to favour immigrants and indigenous Australians at the expense of the white Australian majority. The term "One Nation" was last used in Australian political life to describe a tax reform package in the early 1990s by the Labor government of Prime Minister Paul Keating, whose culturally-cosmopolitan, Asia-centric, free-trade, pro-affirmative action policies were antithetical to what supporters of the One Nation party formed in the late 1990s stood for. Arguing that other political parties were out of touch with mainstream Australia, One Nation ran on a broadly populist and protectionist platform, it promised to drastically reduce immigration and to abolish "divisive and discriminatory policies... attached to Aboriginal and multicultural affairs." Condemning multiculturalism as a "threat to the basis of the Australian culture and shared values", One Nation rallied against liberal government immigration and multicultural policies which, it argued, were leading to "the Asianisation of Australia."
The party denounced economic rationalism and globalisation, reflecting working-class dissatisfaction with the neo-liberal economic policies embraced by the major parties. Adopting strong protectionist policies, One Nation advocated the restoration of import tariffs, a revival of Australia's manufacturing industry, an increase in support for small business and the rural sector. One Nation became subject to a political campaign by Tony Abbott, who established a trust fund called "Australians for Honest Politics Trust" to help bankroll civil court cases against the Party, he was accused of offering funds to One Nation dissident Terry Sharples to support his court battle against the party. Abbott conceded that the political threat One Nation posed to the Howard Government was "a big factor" in his decision to pursue the legal attack, but he claimed to be acting "in Australia's national interest"; the party's greatest appeal was in country areas of New South Wales and Queensland, the traditional heartlands of the junior partner in the non-Labor Coalition, the National Party.
Indeed, for much of 1997 and 1998, it appeared that One Nation would pass the Nation