Electric Avenue is a street in Brixton, London. Built in the 1880s, it was the first market street to be lit by electricity. Today, the street contains several butchers and fish mongers and hosts a part of Brixton Market, which specializes in selling a mix of African, South American and Asian products, it is located just around the corner from Brixton Underground station. The elegant Victorian canopies over the pavements survived until the 1980s; the road gave its name to Eddy Grant's 1983 single "Electric Avenue", which reached #2 on both the UK and U. S. singles charts. The song was inspired by the 1981 Brixton riot. On 17 April 1999 the neo-Nazi bomber David Copeland planted a nail bomb outside a supermarket in Brixton Road with the intention of igniting a race war across Britain. A market trader was suspicious and moved it round the corner to a less crowded area in Electric Avenue; the bomb went off, injuring 39 people
Riverview is a city in Wayne County, Michigan. The population was 12,486 at the time of the 2010 census. Riverview is located along the shore of the Detroit River. Riverview was incorporated as a village in 1922 and became a city in 1959. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.48 square miles, of which 4.39 square miles is land and 0.09 square miles is water. Pennsylvania Road - an important east-west road on the north side of the city that forms the boundary between Riverview and Southgate, as well as Wyandotte, it is five lanes west of Fort Street. Sibley Road - an important east-west road in the city that many municipal buildings and parks are located off of, it is two lanes throughout the city. King Road - an east-west road on the south side of the city that forms the boundary between Riverview and Trenton, it is two lanes for a majority of its length. Fort Street - an important north-south road in the center of the city. A majority of the city's businesses and restaurants are located on Fort Street.
It serves as the boundary between Riverview and Trenton, between King and Sibley roads. It is a six lane divided highway north of Sibley and a four-lane divided highway with a forest in the median south of Sibley. Quarry Road - a north-south residential street on the east side of the city. Grange Road - a north-south residential street on the west side of the city; the August 9, 1812 Battle of Monguagon between Americans and a British-Indian coalition took place in today’s Riverview. Native Americans were led by the famous Shawnee warrior Tecumseh, wounded in the engagement; the Americans gained a tactical victory at Monguagon but suffered a strategic defeat when US forces returned to Detroit after the fight without reopening their supply line to Ohio. Much of the location remains undeveloped in a green area bounded by Pennsylvania Road to the north, Colvin Street to the south, Electric Avenue to the east, Vreeland Park to the west, part of the battlefield. In 1950, Riverview only stretched as far west as the western end of Trenton's two northern boundaries.
The rest of what is today Riverview was still part of the unincorporated Monguagon Township at that point. In the 1950s and 1960s, during the Cold War, the Department of Defense operated Nike missile launch site D-54 on the site of what is now Young Patriot's Park; the IFC site was on the site of what is now Terrace. A Nike Hercules missile is on display at the former D-54/55 double Nike site, it was placed on display in the park that now occupies the site in July 1980, though this site was never converted from the Nike Ajax missile to the Hercules missile. As of the census of 2010, there were 12,486 people, 5,163 households, 3,307 families residing in the city; the population density was 2,844.2 inhabitants per square mile. There were 5,520 housing units at an average density of 1,257.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 93.0% White, 3.1% African American, 0.4% Native American, 1.6% Asian, 0.5% from other races, 1.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.1% of the population.
There were 5,163 households of which 27.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.4% were married couples living together, 13.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.5% had a male householder with no wife present, 35.9% were non-families. 31.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.90. The median age in the city was 45.4 years. 19.6% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 46.4% male and 53.6% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 13,272 people, 5,352 households, 3,569 families residing in the city; the population density was 3,012.6 per square mile. There were 5,532 housing units at an average density of 1,255.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 94.13% White, 2.11% African American, 0.43% Native American, 1.88% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.32% from other races, 1.12% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.46% of the population. Of the 5,352 households, 27.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.1% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.3% were non-families. 29.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.0% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.95. The city's population was spread out with 21.3% under the age of 18, 8.2% aged 18 to 24, 25.7% aged 25 to 44, 25.0% aged 45 to 64, 19.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.5 males. The median income for a household in the city was $47,623, the median income for a family was $61,007. Males had a median income of $51,944 versus $31,295 for females; the per capita income for the city was $25,460. About 3.0% of families and 4.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.4% of those under age 18 and 5.2% of those age 65 or over.
The Riverview Community School District operates several public schools. There are six schools located in Riverview: Riverview Community High School, Seitz Middle School, Forest Elementary S
Plug-in electric vehicles in the United States
The adoption of plug-in electric vehicles in the United States is supported by the American federal government, several state and local governments. As of September 2018, cumulative sales in the U. S. totaled one million highway legal plug-in electric vehicles since the market launch of the Tesla Roadster in 2008. The American stock represented about 25% of the global plug-in car stock in 2017, the U. S. had the world's third largest stock of plug-in passenger cars after Europe. The U. S. market share of plug-in electric passenger cars increased from 0.14% in 2011 to 0.62% in 2013. Climbed to 0.90% in 2016, to 1.13% in 2017, achieved a record market share of 2.1% in 2018. California is the largest plug-in car regional market in the country, with over 500,000 plug-in electric vehicles sold by the end of November 2018; as of March 2019, the Tesla Model 3 all-electric car is the all-time best selling plug-in electric car with 164,000 units delivered, followed by the Chevrolet Volt plug-in hybrid with 154,600 units, the Tesla Model S with about 147,500 cars.
The Model S was the best selling plug-in car in the U. S. for three consecutive years, from 2015 to 2017, the Model 3 topped sales in 2018. The Energy Improvement and Extension Act of 2008 granted federal tax credits for new qualified plug-in electric vehicles, worth between US$2,500 and US$7,500 depending on battery capacity; as of 2014, Washington, D. C. and 37 states and had established incentives and tax or fee exemptions for BEVs and PHEVs, or utility-rate breaks, other non-monetary incentives such as free parking and high-occupancy vehicle lane access. In his 2011 State of the Union address, President Barack Obama set the goal for the U. S. to become the first country to have one million electric vehicles on the road by 2015. This goal was established based on forecasts made by the U. S. Department of Energy, using production capacity of PEV models announced to enter the U. S. market through 2015. The DoE estimated a cumulative production of 1,222,200 PEVS by 2015, was based on manufacturer announcements and media reports accounting production goals for the Fisker Karma, Fisker Nina, Ford Transit Connect, Ford Focus Electric, Chevrolet Volt, Nissan Leaf, Smith Newton, Tesla Roadster, Tesla Model S and Th!nk City.
Considering that actual PEV sales were lower than expected, as of early 2013, several industry observers have concluded that this goal was unattainable. Obama's goal was achieved only in September 2018. In 2008, San Francisco Mayor Gavin Newsom, San Jose Mayor Chuck Reed and Oakland Mayor Ron Dellums announced a nine-step policy plan for transforming the Bay Area into the "Electric Vehicle Capital of the U. S.". Other local and state governments have expressed interest in electric cars; the Governor of California, Jerry Brown, issued an executive order in March 2012 that established the goal of getting 1.5 million zero-emission vehicles on California roads by 2025. President Barack Obama pledged US$2.4 billion in federal grants to support the development of next-generation electric vehicles and batteries. $1.5 billion in grants to U. S. based manufacturers to produce efficient batteries and their components. S. based manufacturers to produce other components needed for electric vehicles, such as electric motors and other components.
In March 2009, as part of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, the U. S. Department of Energy announced the release of two competitive solicitations for up to $2 billion in federal funding for competitively awarded cost-shared agreements for manufacturing of advanced batteries and related drive components as well as up to $400 million for transportation electrification demonstration and deployment projects; this initiative aimed to help meet President Barack Obama's goal of putting one million plug-in electric vehicles on the road by 2015. First the Energy Improvement and Extension Act of 2008, the American Clean Energy and Security Act of 2009 granted tax credits for new qualified plug-in electric drive motor vehicles; the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 authorized federal tax credits for converted plug-ins, though the credit is lower than for new plug-in electric vehicle. As defined by the 2009 ACES Act, a PEV is a vehicle which draws propulsion energy from a traction battery with at least 5 kwh of capacity and uses an offboard source of energy to recharge such battery.
The tax credit for new plug-in electric vehicles is worth US$2,500 plus US$417 for each kilowatt-hour of battery capacity over 5 kwh, the portion of the credit determined by battery capacity cannot exceed US$5,000. Therefore, the total amount of the credit, between US$2,500 and US$7,500, will vary depending on the capacity of the battery used to power the vehicles; the qualified plug-in electric vehicle credit phases out for a plug-in manufacturer over the one-year period beginning with the second calendar quarter after the calendar quarter in which at least 200,000 qualifying plug-in vehicles from that manufacturer have been sold for use in the U. S. Cumulative sales started counting sales after December 31, 2009. After reaching the cap, qualifying PEVs for one quarter still earn the full credit, the second quarter after that quarter plug-in vehicles are eligible for 50% of the credit for six months 25% of the credit for another six months and the credit is phased out. Both the Nissan Leaf electric vehicle and the Ch
Montgomery Ward Inc. is the name of two distinct American retail enterprises. It can refer either to the defunct mail order and department store retailer, which operated between 1872 and 2001, or to the current catalog and online retailer known as Wards. Montgomery Ward was founded by Aaron Montgomery Ward and Andrew Ward, of Fab Five fame, in 1872. Ward had conceived of the idea of a dry goods mail-order business in Chicago, after several years of working as a traveling salesman among rural customers, he observed that rural customers wanted "city" goods, but their only access to them was through rural retailers who had little competition and did not offer any guarantee of quality. Ward believed that by eliminating intermediaries, he could cut costs and make a wide variety of goods available to rural customers, who could purchase goods by mail and pick them up at the nearest train station. Ward started his business at his first office, either in a single room at 825 North Clark Street, or in a loft above a livery stable on Kinzie Street between Rush and State Streets.
He and two partners used $1,600 they had raised in capital and issued their first catalog in August 1872. It consisted of an 8 in × 12 in single-sheet price list, listing 163 items for sale with ordering instructions for which Ward had written the copy, his two partners left the following year, but he continued the struggling business and was joined by his future brother-in-law, George Robinson Thorne. In the first few years, the business was not well received by rural retailers. Considering Ward a threat, they sometimes publicly burned his catalog. Despite the opposition, the business grew at a fast pace over the next several decades, fueled by demand from rural customers who were inspired by the wide selection of items that were unavailable to them locally. Customers were inspired by the innovative company policy of "satisfaction guaranteed or your money back", which Ward began in 1875. Ward turned the copy writing over to department heads, but he continued poring over every detail in the catalog for accuracy.
In 1883, the company's catalog, which became popularly known as the "Wish Book", had grown to 240 pages and 10,000 items. In 1896, Wards encountered its first serious competition in the mail order business, when Richard Warren Sears introduced his first general catalog. In 1900, Wards had total sales of $8.7 million, compared to $10 million for Sears, both companies would struggle for dominance during much of the 20th century. By 1904, the company had expanded such that it mailed three million catalogs, weighing 4 lb each, to customers. In 1908, the company opened a 1.25-million-square-foot building stretching along nearly one-quarter mile of the Chicago River, north of downtown Chicago. The building, known as the Montgomery Ward & Co. Catalog House, served as the company headquarters until 1974, when the offices moved across the street to a new tower designed by Minoru Yamasaki; the catalog house was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1978 and a Chicago historic landmark in May 2000. In the decades before 1930, Montgomery Ward built a network of large distribution centers across the country in Baltimore, Fort Worth, Kansas City, St. Paul and Oakland.
In most cases, these reinforced concrete structures were the largest industrial structures in their respective locations. The Baltimore Montgomery Ward Warehouse and Retail Store was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2000. Ward died after 41 years running the catalog business; the company president, William C. Thorne, died in 1917, was succeeded by Robert J. Thorne. Robert Thorne retired in 1920 due to ill health. In 1926, the company broke with its mail-order-only tradition when it opened its first retail outlet store in Plymouth, Indiana, it continued to operate its catalog business while pursuing an aggressive campaign to build retail outlets in the late-1920s. In 1928, two years after opening its first outlet, it had opened 244 stores. By 1929, it had more than doubled its number of outlets to 531, its flagship retail store in Chicago was located on Michigan Avenue between Madison and Washington streets. In 1930, the company declined a merger offer from its rival chain Sears.
Losing money during the Great Depression, the company alarmed its major investors, including J. P. Morgan. In 1931, Morgan hired Sewell Avery as president who cut staff levels and stores, changed lines, hired store rather than catalog managers and refurbished stores; these actions caused the company to become profitable before the end of the 1930s. Wards was successful in its retail business. "Green awning" stores dotted hundreds of small towns across the country. Larger stores were built in the major cities. By the end of the 1930s, Montgomery Ward had become the country's largest retailer and Sewell Avery became the company's chief executive officer. In 1939, as part of a Christmas promotional campaign, staff copywriter Robert L. May created the character and illustrated poem of "Rudolph, the Red-Nosed Reindeer." The store distributed six-million copies of the storybook in 1946 and actor and singer Gene Autry popularized the song nationally. In 1946, the Grolier Club, a society of bibliophiles in New York City, exhibited the Wards catalog alongside Webster's Dictionary as one of 100 American books chosen for their influence on life and culture of the people.
The brand name of the store became embedded in the popular American consciousness and was called by the nickname Monkey Ward, both affectionately and derisively. In April 1944, four months into a nationwide strike by the company's 12,000 workers, U. S. Army troops seized the Chicago offices of Montgomery Ward
The Red Mile is the name given to a stretch of 17 Avenue SW in Calgary, Canada during the Calgary Flames 2004 Stanley Cup playoff run, which ended in defeat to the Tampa Bay Lightning. It gained worldwide notoriety both for the relative lack of violence while upwards of 55,000 fans celebrated their team's success, as well as for the Mardi Gras-like atmosphere as societal norms were flouted by women flashing their breasts. The'Red' originates from the home team colour of the Calgary Flames' jerseys, red characterized by the'Sea of Red' seen at many home games in the Saddledome; the predecessor to the Red Mile was a bar strip on 11th Avenue S. W. known as Electric Avenue, where thousands of Flames fans celebrated during the 1986 and 1989 playoff runs. Concerns by the City about the violence encouraged by having so many bars in such close proximity led to the shut down of Electric Avenue in the early 1990s. 2004 marked the first time the Flames qualified for the NHL's Stanley Cup playoffs since 1996.
The Red Mile's beginnings were humble, consisted of people driving down the Red Mile honking and waving flags, as people walked the streets cheering and clapping hands. Several thousand fans went to bars along 17th Avenue S. W. to watch the Flames on the road against the Vancouver Canucks in the first round, to watch the team play at the nearby Pengrowth Saddledome for home games. When the Flames eliminated the Canucks in the seventh and deciding game by Martin Gelinas' overtime goal, fans flooded the streets in a spontaneous party celebrating the Flames first playoff series victory since the 1989 Stanley Cup final against the Montreal Canadiens; the fact that this was spontaneous is a phenomenon in itself. As the Flames progressed through the subsequent playoff series against the Detroit Red Wings, San Jose Sharks and Tampa Bay Lightning, the popularity of the Red Mile continued to grow, along with it the party atmosphere. By the time of the seventh game of the Stanley Cup final against Tampa, the city was expecting over 100,000 people would flood the area if the Flames were to win the Cup.
This, was not to be as the Lightning defeated the Flames in Game 7, 2-1. The Red Mile's primary claim to fame was its relaxed attitude towards society's norms, as women bared their breasts to chants like "Flames in six, show us your tits" and "shirts off for Kiprusoff"; the growing amount of nudity led to the creation of the flamesgirls.com website that featured hundreds of photos of women flashing the crowd. The website, the growing number of revelers with cameras in hand intent only on snapping photos of topless women caused critics to condemn it as little more than the exploitation of women; this argument was supported when the producers of the Girls Gone Wild pornography series came to Calgary in the summer of 2005 looking for material for its series. However, University of Calgary professor Mary Valentich argued that the nudity was the result of "a complex set of factors, including a desire to celebrate the Flames victories, a desire to break the rules, feelings of stardom and a sense of history", that many women did not feel that their actions were sexual in nature, but rather a part of the party.
The city began closing off 17th Avenue S. W. to all vehicle traffic and enforcing strict parking laws from 15:30 to 00:00 every game day. The police presence included scores of police officers involved in keeping everything under control through patrols down the street, standing in lines along the street, forming circles of officers in intersections, officers on bicycles, a number of police cars, the police helicopter, HAWC1. Despite the police presence, there were few incidents involving police. For example, someone witnessed a drunken fan carrying open alcohol get pushed into a group of police officers, however the police officers confiscated the alcohol and sent the person on their way; the attitude of the police officers seems to discourage people from committing violent acts. Complaints about the noise and traffic tie-ups by some area businesses and residents led to the Calgary Police proposing to limit or shut down the Red Mile for the 2006 playoffs. Police announced a zero-tolerance policy on public drunkenness and public nudity.
The policy was first enforced during a regular season game against the Mighty Ducks of Anaheim as dozens of officers patrolled the area between the Saddledome and 17th Avenue S. W. handing out nearly 500 tickets during their crackdown. Police justified the crackdown arguing that while there was a notable lack of violence in 2004, the potential remains high in such situations; the time and cost to police during was a concern. As many as 300 officers patrolled the Red Mile, including the police helicopter, at a cost of over $1 million; the reason for the police presence was that the game was seen as a preview of the opening round of the 2006 Stanley Cup playoffs which featured Anaheim vs Calgary. The game was the final game of the regular season for both teams. Despite their attempts, police were unable to stop fans from overwhelming the street following the Flames 2–1 overtime victory in the first game of the 2006 playoffs, as over 10,000 fans packed the Red Mile. No major incidents were reported.
However, following the Flames' game five victory, police reported that some of the estimated 18,000 fans on the mile were lighting firecrackers in the crowd, had thrown bottles at officers. One officer suffered a cut, 12 people were arrested for various offenses. Following a first round series w
Berkeley station (Illinois)
Berkeley is a Metra commuter railroad station in Berkeley, a western suburb of Chicago. It is served by the Union Pacific/West Line, lies 14.3 miles from the eastern terminus. Trains go east to Ogilvie Transportation Center in Chicago and as far west as Illinois. Travel time to Ogilvie is 29 to 36 minutes, depending on the service; the station is at Arthur Avenue. To the south there is a residential neighborhood of single-family homes. A large industrial estate that houses the Proviso Yard of Union Pacific Railroad sits to the north. To the west there is a highway overpass that carries Interstate 294 over the freight yard. Berkeley Village Hall is on Electric Avenue, about a mile to the south. Metra – Stations – Berkeley
Seal Beach, California
Seal Beach is a city in Orange County, California. As of the 2010 census, the population was 24,168, up from 24,157 at the 2000 census. Seal Beach is located in the westernmost corner of Orange County. To the northwest, just across the border with Los Angeles County, lies the city of Long Beach and the adjacent San Pedro Bay. To the southeast are Huntington Harbour, a neighborhood of Huntington Beach, Sunset Beach part of Huntington Beach. To the east lie the city of Westminster and the neighborhood of West Garden Grove, part of the city of Garden Grove. To the north lie the unincorporated community of Rossmoor and the city of Los Alamitos. A majority of the city's acreage is devoted to the Naval Weapons Station Seal Beach military base. Beginning in the mid-1860s, the eastern area of what is now Old Town Seal Beach became known as "Anaheim Landing." A warehouse and wharf had been built on a small bay where Anaheim Creek emptied into the Pacific Ocean. It was established by farmers and merchants in the newly-settled town of Anaheim who wanted a closer, more convenient port to ship the wine they were growing and to receive items they needed to help build homes and buildings in their new town.
For a few years Anaheim Landing came close to rivaling San Pedro for its volume of shipping, but the arrival of the railroad in Anaheim in 1875 made it easier to ship product via the rails than by hauling a wagon overland across 12 miles of soft soil to the Landing. However, the beaches and surrounding rolling Anaheim Landing had by this time become popular as a getaway from hot summer days. Los Angeles newspapers talk of a permanent summer population of as many as 400 and more on special days. Throughout the year, the landing was home to a number of fishing boats that plied the local fishing areas; this activity was written about by Nobel-prize winning author Henryk Sienkiewicz in a short essay, "The Cranes." The site of Anaheim Landing is now registered as a California Historical Landmark. In 1903 Los Angeles realtor Philip A. Stanton familiar with the area from his time selling land in Anaheim, Huntington Beach and from representing the local real estate interests of banker, put together a syndicate to lay out the town of Bayside on the land between Anaheim Landing and Anaheim Bay and the eastern edge of Alamitos Bay.
The new town would be along the still not-announced leg of the Pacific Electric which would run from Long Beach to Newport Beach. As there was a town called Bayside in Northern California Stanton's group instead called their new town Bay City. Due to many factors -- including competition from other beach resort areas (Long Beach, Redondo Beach and Venice/Ocean Park/Santa Monica, some national financial crises, the 1906 San Francisco Earthquake which sent most investment dollars to the more lucrative rebuilding of San Francisco -- Bay City failed miserably as a real estate investment. In 1913, Stanton optioned the land to real estate promoter Guy M. Rush who invested in building a renovated pier with pavilions on either side. Rush re-branded the town as Seal Beach and marketed it via postcards and advertisements around the country; this too failed and by early 1915 Rush had let his options lapse. In 1915 Stanton tried again, arranging to obtain some amusements from the closing San Francisco Panama-Pacific International Exposition and rebuild them as part of new amusement area which would be called The Joy Zone.
As part of this plan, the Bayside Land Company led a campaign to incorporate the town and had the new city council approve legal drinking in the town. This made it different from the Pike at Long Beach, a "dry city." The Joy Zone, a beach-side amusement park built in 1916, was the first in Orange County. It achieved some brief popularity, but the US entry into World War II and the resulting restrictions on rubber and metal impacted the amusement area. After the war, Prohibition did in the town's value as an amusement resort, but after 1920, the town's location on two Bays with many inlets to offload bootleg liquor, its small police department, its location on the county line, allowed it to become a popular place for rumrunners and gamblers. From 1928 to 1939, the town had as many as six wide open gambling establishments on Main Street. In addition most of Southern California's famous gambling ships operated off the Seal Beach just over the line from Long Beach. With gambling being a misdemeanor, the trials were held in the town's municipal court and a Seal Beach jury never returned a guilty verdict, to the dismay of Orange County and Long Beach officials.
But around 1941, with significant pressure being put on the gamblers by State Attorney General Earl Warren, most of the Seal Beach and gambling ship based gamblers relocated their business to Las Vegas. Barron ran gambling at the Last Frontier and Silver Slipper, Hicks built the El Cortez and Thunderbird, Mulconnery managed the Hacienda and Boyd was involved with many Vegas ventures, their absence was soon filled by a former Los Angeles police detective named William L. Robertson. In early 1944. During World War II, the Navy purchased most of the land around Anaheim Landing to construct the United States Navy's Naval Weapons Station Seal Beach for loading and storing of ammunition for the Pacific Fleet, those US Navy warships home-ported in Long Beach and San Diego. With closure of the Co