Out of My Mind (Duran Duran song)
"Out Of My Mind" is the 28th single by Duran Duran. The song is part of the Duran Duran album Medazzaland, but was released as a single from the soundtrack to the 1997 Val Kilmer film The Saint; the song received remixes by Paul Oakenfold and Steve Osborne, they at least produced four remixes of the song including the notable Perfecto Mix. During the development of Medazzaland, "Out Of My Mind" was written by Simon Le Bon as the last of a trilogy of songs for his late friend David Miles. After the album was complete, Capitol Records shopped around certain tracks to Hollywood movie studios, hoping to get a Duran Duran song attached to one of the year's summer blockbusters. In January, Paramount Pictures showed interest in including "Out Of My Mind" on the soundtrack album for The Saint. In March 1997, the soundtrack and single for "Out Of My Mind" were released internationally on Virgin Records, marking the first time a Duran Duran release had been released on an imprint other than EMI/Parlophone.
Virgin was a division of EMI at the time. The video was filmed by director Dean Karr in February, at the historic Krumlov Castle in the city of Český Krumlov, in the Czech Republic, it featured many special effects, including the use of sophisticated prosthetic makeup to age singer Simon Le Bon over the course of the video. "Out Of My Mind" featured the two b-sides "Sinner or Saint" and "Silva Halo", an album track from Medazzaland. There were a multitude of remixes done for the track by the Perfecto crew. In 1997-2001 live performances, the band chose to perform the darker and more rock-oriented Perfecto version rather than the album version. "Out Of My Mind" - 3:47 "Out Of My Mind" - 3:46 "Out Of My Mind" - 5:51 "Out Of My Mind" - 5:47 "Out Of My Mind" - 6:41 "Out Of My Mind" - 6:25 "Out Of My Mind" - 5:45 "Out Of My Mind" - 5:45 "Out Of My Mind" - 6:44 "Out Of My Mind" - 6:28The Paul Oakenfold Mixes. "Out Of My Mind" - 4:15 "Silva Halo" - 2:24 "Sinner or Saint" - 4:06 "Out Of My Mind" - 4:25 "Out Of My Mind" - 3:46 "Out Of My Mind" - 5:51 "Out Of My Mind" - 5:47 "Out Of My Mind" - 6:41Also known under catalogue number: Duran 1.
"Out Of My Mind" - 3:47 "Out Of My Mind" - 4:15 "Out Of My Mind" - 4:03 "Out Of My Mind" - 4:25 "Out Of My Mind" - 0:10 "Out of My Mind" - 4:28 "Sinner or Saint" - 4:07 "Out Of My Mind" - 3:47 "Out Of My Mind" - 4:15 "Out Of My Mind" - 4:03 "Out Of My Mind" - 4:25 "Out Of My Mind" - 0:10 The single peaked at #21 on UK Singles Chart in May, at #14 in Italy. Aside from the single, "Out Of My Mind" has appeared on: Albums: Medazzaland The Saint: Music From the Motion Picture SoundtrackSingles: "Electric Barbarella" Duran Duran are: Nick Rhodes - keyboards Simon Le Bon - vocals Warren Cuccurullo - guitar, bass Dave DiCenso - live drums Talvin Singh - tabla and santoor Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics
Warren Bruce Cuccurullo is an American musician, singer and former body builder who first worked with Frank Zappa during the 1970s. He was a founding member of Missing Persons in the 1980s. In 1986, Cuccurullo joined Duran Duran, becoming a long-term member of the band until 2001. Warren Bruce Cuccurullo is the son of the oldest child of four, he has two brothers and Robert and a sister, Stephanie. His Italian-American heritage has its roots in Nocera Inferiore in Campania, he has some Greek ancestry, he grew up in the Canarsie neighborhood of Brooklyn, began playing drums and guitar as a young child. He graduated from Canarsie High School in 1974. Cuccurullo has one adopted child, Mayko Cuccurullo who lives in Rio de Janeiro, the son of Claudia Bueno. Mayko is featured in the Duran Duran video Breath After Breath, filmed in Argentina in 1993 and contributed some minor vocal work on the N'Liten Up project. Cuccurullo lives in Venice, California, his current focus is on film score compositions. In his teen years, Cuccurullo became a devoted fan of Frank Zappa and began traveling to every show within 500 miles of his Brooklyn home.
During the mid-1970s, he befriended several members of Zappa's band, including Terry Bozzio and Patrick O'Hearn. Over the next three years, he appeared with the band on stage at a couple of shows as well as in the 1979 Zappa film Baby Snakes, he impressed Frank Zappa by knowing the guitar parts to every Zappa song in the catalog, including the strangest sounds and most bizarre time signatures. In December 1978, at the age of 22, Cuccurullo was invited to audition as a guitarist for Zappa's new road band, in which many members were replaced. Several shows on the early 1979 "Human Jukebox" European/Asian tour were recorded for Zappa's live albums. After the tour, Cuccurullo returned to the studio with Zappa to work on the Joe's Garage albums, for which he provided rhythm guitar and several vocal parts. Terry Bozzio's wife Dale Bozzio contributed vocal parts to the album. Cuccurullo and Dale Bozzio began writing songs together, they convinced Terry Bozzio that the three of them should launch their own band.
Zappa asked Cuccurullo to play on his 1988 tour, but the latter's involvement with Duran Duran had begun by and so he declined. Cuccurullo is name-checked four times on Zappa's Joe's Garage, first by Mary in "Catholic Girls", by Zappa in "Crew Slut", when reassuring Mary, "of course I'll introduce you to Warren!", in the track "Sy Borg" when Ike Willis sings "little leather cap and trousers – they look so gay... Warren just bought some," and once again by Zappa during "A Little Green Rosetta"'Then everybody moves to New York and goes to a party with Warren. Hey!' In 1980, Cuccurullo and the two Bozzios formed Missing Persons, added Patrick O'Hearn and Chuck Wild, recorded a 4-song EP called Missing Persons, promoted the EP, appeared in the movie Lunch Wagon. Two years of hard work led to a signing with Capitol Records in 1982, the release of the album Spring Session M, the subsequent success of Missing Persons on radio and MTV; the singles "Mental Hopscotch", "Destination Unknown," "Walking in L.
A." "Words," and "Windows" all met with success. They appeared at the three-day Southern California concert, the US Festival in May 1983. In 1984, Cuccurullo invented a new type of guitar he called the "Missing Link", used it on the experimental album Rhyme & Reason; the band followed up with the more conventional Color in Your Life in June 1986, but during the short-lived promotional tour, increasing tensions between then-husband and wife Terry and Dale Bozzio led to the end of the tour and the band. On his own again, Cuccurullo began recording some music in his bedroom, released on his solo album Machine Language. Missing Persons shared their label Capitol Records with British band Duran Duran; as Missing Persons fell apart, Bozzio and O'Hearn were approached by Duran guitarist Andy Taylor in Los Angeles for work on a solo album. In this way, Cuccurullo learned that Taylor did not intend to rejoin Duran in England to work on their next album before the rest of Duran Duran knew. Cuccurullo was turned down, with some puzzlement.
As it became clear that neither enticements nor lawsuits would get Taylor back in the studio, Duran Duran hired Cuccurullo as a session guitarist to complete the album Notorious. He went on to tour with the band, returned to contribute his experimental guitar work to the album Big Thing. At the end of the grueling ten-month Big Thing world tour, Cuccurullo was made an official member of the band, moved to London. Shifting record label politics and the unsuccessful album Liberty derailed the band, but after Cuccurullo offered them the use of his home studio in Battersea, Duran Duran was able to shift to a more comfortable and controlled music-making style. Cuccurullo's songwriting, guitar skills and driving personality contributed to the band's return to fame with 1993's Wedding Album, he was the primary composer of the hit singles "Ordinary World" and "Come Undone", although the lyrics were written by Simon Le Bon. He created new arrangements for many of the band's old hits for the acoustic-flavored tour that followed, as well as arranging full acoustic pieces for the piano and six-piece string section that performed with them on the MTV Unplugged show.
After Frank Zappa's death in December 1993, Cuccurullo performed
Nail polish is a lacquer that can be applied to the human fingernail or toenails to decorate and protect the nail plates. The formulation has been revised to enhance its decorative effects, to suppress cracking or flaking. Nail polish consists of a mix of an organic polymer and several other components, depending on the brand. Nail polish originated in China and dates back to 3000 BC. Around 600 BC, during the Zhou dynasty, the royal house preferred silver; however and black replaced these metallic colors as royal favorites. During the Ming dynasty, nail polish was made from a mixture that included beeswax, egg whites, vegetable dyes, gum arabic. In Egypt, the lower classes wore pale colors, whereas high society painted their nails a reddish brown color, with henna. Mummified pharaohs had their nails painted with henna. Colored nail polish did not make an appearance until the 1920s. Early nail polish formulas were created using basic ingredients such as lavender oil, oxide tin, bergamot oil, it was more common to polish nails with tinted powders and creams, finishing off by buffing the nail until left shiny.
One type of polishing product sold around this time was Graf's Hyglo nail polish paste. Nail polish consists of a film-forming polymer dissolved in a volatile organic solvent. Nitrocellulose, dissolved in butyl acetate or ethyl acetate is common; this basic formulation is expanded to include the following: Plasticizers to yield non-brittle films. Dibutylphthalate and camphor are typical plasticizers. Dyes and pigments. Representative compounds include chromium oxide greens, chromium hydroxide, ferric ferrocyanide, stannic oxide, titanium dioxide, iron oxide, carmine and manganese violet. Opalescent pigments; the glittery/shimmer look in the color can be conferred by mica, bismuth oxychloride, natural pearls, aluminum powder. Adhesive polymers ensure. One modifier used is tosylamide-formaldehyde resin. Thickening agents are added to maintain the sparkling particles in suspension while in the bottle. A typical thickener is stearalkonium hectorite. Thickening agents exhibit thixotropy, their solutions are viscous when still but free flowing when agitated.
This duality is convenient for applying the freshly shaken mixture to give a film that rigidifies. Ultraviolet stabilizers resist color changes. A typical stabilizer is benzophenone-1; this type of nail polish is a clear, milky-colored, or opaque pink polish formula, used before applying nail polish to the nail. The purpose of it is to strengthen nails, restore moisture to the nail, and/or help polish adhere to the nail so staining will not occur and the manicure lasts longer than without a base coat; some base coats are marketed as "ridge fillers" which can create a smooth surface, reduce the appearance of the ridges that can appear on unbuffed nails. Some base coats called "peel off base coats" allow the user to peel off their nail polish without using a remover; this type of nail polish is a clear colored polish formula, used after applying nail polish to the nail. It forms a hardened barrier for the nail that can prevent chipping and peeling. Many top coats are marketed as "quick-drying." Top coats can help the underlying colored polish dry as well.
It may help to keep the polish on for longer. Gel polish is a long-lasting variety of nail polish made up of a type of methacrylate polymer, it does not dry. Instead it is cured under an ultraviolet lamp or ultraviolet LED. While regular nail polish formulas last two to seven days without chipping, gel polish can last as long as two weeks with proper application and home care. Gel polish can be more difficult to remove than regular nail polish, it is removed by soaking the nails in pure acetone for five to fifteen minutes, depending on the formula. Matte polish has a purposely dull finish rather than a shine, it can be purchased as a regular base coat in ranges of different colors. Matte nail polish can be found in a top coat. Matte top coat is most useful for painting over any dry base color, giving it a different appearance; the matte top coat polish will dull the shine from a regular base coat polish. Matte polish has become popular through the years since it can be used in nail art applications, where designs can be created on the nail using the contrast of both shiny and matte surfaces.
Traditionally, nail polish started in clear, red, pink and black. Nail polish can be found in a diverse variety of shades. Beyond solid colors, nail polish has developed an array of other designs, such as crackled, flake, speckled and holographic. Rhinestones or other decorative art are often applied to nail polish; some polish is advertised to induce nail growth, make nails stronger, prevent nails from breaking, cracking/ splitting, to stop nail biting. French manicures are designed to resemble natural nails, are characterized by natural pink base nails with white tips. French manicures were one of the first popular and well known color schemes. French manicures may have originated in the eighteenth-century in Paris but were most popular in the 1920s and 1930s; however the traditional French manicures were much different from. They were red, while leaving a round crescent shape at the top blank to enhance the lunula of the nail, kn
A record producer or music producer oversees and manages the sound recording and production of a band or performer's music, which may range from recording one song to recording a lengthy concept album. A producer has varying roles during the recording process, they may gather musical ideas for the project, collaborate with the artists to select cover tunes or original songs by the artist/group, work with artists and help them to improve their songs, lyrics or arrangements. A producer may also: Select session musicians to play rhythm section accompaniment parts or solos Co-write Propose changes to the song arrangements Coach the singers and musicians in the studioThe producer supervises the entire process from preproduction, through to the sound recording and mixing stages, and, in some cases, all the way to the audio mastering stage; the producer may perform these roles themselves, or help select the engineer, provide suggestions to the engineer. The producer may pay session musicians and engineers and ensure that the entire project is completed within the record label's budget.
A record producer or music producer has a broad role in overseeing and managing the recording and production of a band or performer's music. A producer has many roles that may include, but are not limited to, gathering ideas for the project, composing the music for the project, selecting songs or session musicians, proposing changes to the song arrangements, coaching the artist and musicians in the studio, controlling the recording sessions, supervising the entire process through audio mixing and, in some cases, to the audio mastering stage. Producers often take on a wider entrepreneurial role, with responsibility for the budget, schedules and negotiations. Writer Chris Deville explains it, "Sometimes a producer functions like a creative consultant — someone who helps a band achieve a certain aesthetic, or who comes up with the perfect violin part to complement the vocal melody, or who insists that a chorus should be a bridge. Other times a producer will build a complete piece of music from the ground up and present the finished product to a vocalist, like Metro Boomin supplying Future with readymade beats or Jack Antonoff letting Taylor Swift add lyrics and melody to an otherwise-finished “Out Of The Woods.”The artist of an album may not be a record producer or music producer for his/her album.
While both contribute creatively, the official credit of "record producer" may depend on the record contract. Christina Aguilera, for example, did not receive record producer credits until many albums into her career. In the 2010s, the producer role is sometimes divided among up to three different individuals: executive producer, vocal producer and music producer. An executive producer oversees project finances, a vocal producers oversees the vocal production, a music producer oversees the creative process of recording and mixings; the music producer is often a competent arranger, musician or songwriter who can bring fresh ideas to a project. As well as making any songwriting and arrangement adjustments, the producer selects and/or collaborates with the mixing engineer, who takes the raw recorded tracks and edits and modifies them with hardware and software tools to create a stereo or surround sound "mix" of all the individual voices sounds and instruments, in turn given further adjustment by a mastering engineer for the various distribution media.
The producer oversees the recording engineer who concentrates on the technical aspects of recording. Noted producer Phil Ek described his role as "the person who creatively guides or directs the process of making a record", like a director would a movie. Indeed, in Bollywood music, the designation is music director; the music producer's job is to create and mold a piece of music. The scope of responsibility may be one or two songs or an artist's entire album – in which case the producer will develop an overall vision for the album and how the various songs may interrelate. At the beginning of record industry, the producer role was technically limited to record, in one shot, artists performing live; the immediate predecessors to record producers were the artists and repertoire executives of the late 1920s and 1930s who oversaw the "pop" product and led session orchestras. That was the case of Ben Selvin at Columbia Records, Nathaniel Shilkret at Victor Records and Bob Haring at Brunswick Records.
By the end of the 1930s, the first professional recording studios not owned by the major companies were established separating the roles of A&R man and producer, although it wouldn't be until the late 1940s when the term "producer" became used in the industry. The role of producers changed progressively over the 1960s due to technology; the development of multitrack recording caused a major change in the recording process. Before multitracking, all the elements of a song had to be performed simultaneously. All of these singers and musicians had to be assembled in a large studio where the performance was recorded. With multitrack recording, the "bed tracks" (rhythm section accompaniment parts such as the bassline and rhythm guitar could be recorded first, the vocals and solos could be added using as many "takes" as necessary, it was no longer necessary to get all the players in the studio at the same time. A pop band could record their backing tracks one week, a horn section could be brought in a week to add horn shots and punches, a string section could be brought in a week after that.
Multitrack recording had another pro
YouTube is an American video-sharing website headquartered in San Bruno, California. Three former PayPal employees—Chad Hurley, Steve Chen, Jawed Karim—created the service in February 2005. Google bought the site in November 2006 for US$1.65 billion. YouTube allows users to upload, rate, add to playlists, comment on videos, subscribe to other users, it offers a wide variety of corporate media videos. Available content includes video clips, TV show clips, music videos and documentary films, audio recordings, movie trailers, live streams, other content such as video blogging, short original videos, educational videos. Most of the content on YouTube is uploaded by individuals, but media corporations including CBS, the BBC, Hulu offer some of their material via YouTube as part of the YouTube partnership program. Unregistered users can only watch videos on the site, while registered users are permitted to upload an unlimited number of videos and add comments to videos. Videos deemed inappropriate are available only to registered users affirming themselves to be at least 18 years old.
YouTube and its creators earn advertising revenue from Google AdSense, a program which targets ads according to site content and audience. The vast majority of its videos are free to view, but there are exceptions, including subscription-based premium channels, film rentals, as well as YouTube Music and YouTube Premium, subscription services offering premium and ad-free music streaming, ad-free access to all content, including exclusive content commissioned from notable personalities; as of February 2017, there were more than 400 hours of content uploaded to YouTube each minute, one billion hours of content being watched on YouTube every day. As of August 2018, the website is ranked as the second-most popular site in the world, according to Alexa Internet. YouTube has faced criticism over aspects of its operations, including its handling of copyrighted content contained within uploaded videos, its recommendation algorithms perpetuating videos that promote conspiracy theories and falsehoods, hosting videos ostensibly targeting children but containing violent and/or sexually suggestive content involving popular characters, videos of minors attracting pedophilic activities in their comment sections, fluctuating policies on the types of content, eligible to be monetized with advertising.
YouTube was founded by Chad Hurley, Steve Chen, Jawed Karim, who were all early employees of PayPal. Hurley had studied design at Indiana University of Pennsylvania, Chen and Karim studied computer science together at the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign. According to a story, repeated in the media and Chen developed the idea for YouTube during the early months of 2005, after they had experienced difficulty sharing videos, shot at a dinner party at Chen's apartment in San Francisco. Karim did not attend the party and denied that it had occurred, but Chen commented that the idea that YouTube was founded after a dinner party "was very strengthened by marketing ideas around creating a story, digestible". Karim said the inspiration for YouTube first came from Janet Jackson's role in the 2004 Super Bowl incident, when her breast was exposed during her performance, from the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami. Karim could not find video clips of either event online, which led to the idea of a video sharing site.
Hurley and Chen said that the original idea for YouTube was a video version of an online dating service, had been influenced by the website Hot or Not. Difficulty in finding enough dating videos led to a change of plans, with the site's founders deciding to accept uploads of any type of video. YouTube began as a venture capital-funded technology startup from an $11.5 million investment by Sequoia Capital and an $8 million investment from Artis Capital Management between November 2005 and April 2006. YouTube's early headquarters were situated above a pizzeria and Japanese restaurant in San Mateo, California; the domain name www.youtube.com was activated on February 14, 2005, the website was developed over the subsequent months. The first YouTube video, titled Me at the zoo, shows co-founder Jawed Karim at the San Diego Zoo; the video was uploaded on April 23, 2005, can still be viewed on the site. YouTube offered the public a beta test of the site in May 2005; the first video to reach one million views was a Nike advertisement featuring Ronaldinho in November 2005.
Following a $3.5 million investment from Sequoia Capital in November, the site launched on December 15, 2005, by which time the site was receiving 8 million views a day. The site grew and, in July 2006, the company announced that more than 65,000 new videos were being uploaded every day, that the site was receiving 100 million video views per day. According to data published by market research company comScore, YouTube is the dominant provider of online video in the United States, with a market share of around 43% and more than 14 billion views of videos in May 2010. In May 2011, 48 hours of new videos were uploaded to the site every minute, which increased to 60 hours every minute in January 2012, 100 hours every minute in May 2013, 300 hours every minute in November 2014, 400 hours every minute in February 2017; as of January 2012, the site had 800 million unique users a month. It is estimated that in 2007 YouTube consumed as much bandwidth as the entire Internet in 2000. According to third-party web analytics providers and SimilarWeb, YouTube is the second-most visited website in the world, as of December 2016.
The Saint (1997 film)
The Saint is a 1997 espionage thriller DeLuxe Color film in Panavision, starring Val Kilmer in the title role, with Elisabeth Shue and Rade Šerbedžija, directed by Phillip Noyce and written by Jonathan Hensleigh and Wesley Strick. The title character is a high tech thief and master of disguise that becomes the anti-hero while using the moniker of various saints while paradoxically living in the underworld of international industrial theft and espionage; the film was a financial success with a worldwide box office of $169.4 million, rentals of $28.2 million, continuous DVD sales. It is loosely based on the character of Simon Templar created by Leslie Charteris in 1928 for a series of books published as "The Saint", which ran until 1983; the Saint character has featured in a series of Hollywood movies made between 1938 and 1954, a 1940s radio series starring Vincent Price as Templar, a popular British television series of the 1960s which starred Roger Moore, a 1970s series starring Ian Ogilvy.
At the Saint Ignatius Orphanage, a rebellious boy named John Rossi refers to himself as "Simon Templar" and leads a group of fellow orphans as they attempt to run away to escape their harsh treatment. Just as Simon is caught by the head priest, he witnesses the tragic death of a girl, to whom he had taken a liking, when she accidentally falls from a balcony; as an adult, Simon —now a professional thief dubbed "The Saint" for using the names of Catholic saints as aliases—steals a valuable microchip belonging to a Russian oil company. Simon stages the burglary during a political rally held for Ivan Tretiak. Tretiak is a former Communist party boss and a billionaire oil and gas oligarch, rallying support against the Russian president. Simon escapes with the microchip. After learning of the heist, Tretiak contacts Simon and hires him to steal a revolutionary cold fusion formula discovered by U. S. electrochemist Emma Russell. He wishes to acquire Emma's formula—which creates clean, inexpensive energy—so he can monopolize the energy market during a severe oil shortage in Russia.
Using the alias "Thomas More", Simon poses as a Boer traveller and steals the formula after having a one night stand with Emma. Tretiak learns Emma's formula is incomplete and orders his henchmen, led by Ilya, to kill Simon and kidnap Emma in order to obtain the remaining information. Heartbroken, Emma reports the theft to Inspector Teal and Inspector Rabineau of Scotland Yard, who inform her Simon is a wanted international thief. Emma confronts him about the theft and his betrayal; the Russian police, loyal to Tretiak, arrest Emma. However, they manage to escape from the police van; as they flee through the suburbs and Emma are helped by a prostitute and her family who shelter them in a hidden room in their home. They meet "Frankie", a fence/black marketeer or Spiv who sells them the directions through an underground sewer system that lead to the U. S. embassy. Simon and Emma exit the sewer tunnel only to find Ilya and his men waiting for them among a gathering of protestors outside the embassy's front gates.
Emma safely makes it to the embassy for political asylum, while Simon allows himself to be caught by Ilya as a distraction. He escapes after rigging a car bomb that burns Ilya. Simon plants a listening device in Tretiak's office and learns he plans to stage a coup d'état by selling the cold fusion formula to Russian President Karpov to frame him for wasting billions on useless technology. Tretiak plans to use the political fallout to install himself as President. Emma finishes the equations to complete the formula, Simon delivers the information to Tretiak's physicist, Dr. Lev Botkin, who builds an apparatus which proves the formula works. Simon infiltrates the President's Kremlin residence and informs him of Tretiak's conspiracy just before Tretiak loyalists detain him. In front of a massive gathering in Red Square, Tretiak makes public accusations against President Karpov, but when the cold fusion reactor is initiated, Tretiak is exposed as a fraud and arrested, he is revealed to have caused the heating oil shortage in Moscow by illegally stockpiling vast amounts of heating oil underneath his mansion.
Sometime at a news conference at the University of Oxford, Emma presents her cold fusion formula to the world. Simon attends the conference in disguise and once again avoids being captured by Inspectors Teal and Rabineau when they spot him in the crowd; as he drives away, he listens to a news radio broadcast reporting that $3 billion was donated to the Red Cross, Salvation Army and the United Nations Children's Fund. It is implied. Furthermore, a non-profit foundation led by Dr. Botkin is being established to develop the cold fusion technology. Val Kilmer as Simon Templar Elisabeth Shue as Dr. Emma Russell Rade Šerbedžija as Ivan Petrovich Tretiak Valery Nikolaev as Ilya Tretiak Henry Goodman as Dr. Lev Naumovich Botkin Alun Armstrong as Inspector Teal Michael Byrne as Vereshagin Yevgeni Lazarev as President Karpov Irina Apeksimova as Aleksa "Frankie" Frankeyevich Lev Prygunov as General Leo Sklarov Charlotte Cornwell as Inspector Rabineau Tommy Flanagan as Scarface Egor Pazenko as Scratchface Adam Smith as Young Simon Templar Roger Moore as Radio Announcer Voice David Schneider as Bar Waiter William Hope as State Department Official Film adaptations of Leslie Charteris' anti-hero Simon Templar date back to the late 19
MTV is an American pay television channel owned by Viacom Media Networks and headquartered in New York City. The channel was launched on August 1, 1981, aired music videos as guided by television personalities known as "video jockeys". At first, MTV's main target demographic was young adults, but today it is teenagers high school and college students. Since its inception, MTV has toned down its music video programming and its programming now consists of original reality and drama programming and some off-network syndicated programs and films, with limited music video programming in off-peak time periods. MTV had struggled with the secular decline of music-related subscription-based media, its ratings had been said to be failing systematically, as younger viewers shift towards other media platforms, with yearly ratings drops as high as 29%. In April 2016, then-appointed MTV president Sean Atkins announced plans to restore music programming to the channel. Under current MTV president Chris McCarthy, reality programming has once again become prominent.
MTV has spawned numerous sister channels in the U. S. and affiliated channels internationally, some of which have gone independent, with 90.6 million American households in the United States receiving the channel as of January 2016. Several earlier concepts for music video-based television programming had been around since the early 1960s; the Beatles had used music videos to promote their records starting in the mid-1960s. The creative use of music videos within their 1964 film A Hard Day's Night the performance of the song "Can't Buy Me Love", led MTV on June 26, 1999, to honor the film's director Richard Lester with an award for "basically inventing the music video". In his book The Mason Williams FCC Rapport, author Mason Williams states that he pitched an idea to CBS for a television program that featured "video-radio", where disc jockeys would play avant-garde art pieces set to music. CBS rejected the idea, but Williams premiered his own musical composition "Classical Gas" on the Smothers Brothers Comedy Hour, where he was head writer.
In 1970, Philadelphia-based disc jockey Bob Whitney created The Now Explosion, a television series filmed in Atlanta and broadcast in syndication to other local television stations throughout the United States. The series featured promotional clips from various popular artists, but was canceled by its distributor in 1971. Several music programs originating outside of the US, including Australia's Countdown and the United Kingdom's Top of the Pops, which had aired music videos in lieu of performances from artists who were not available to perform live, began to feature them by the mid-1970s. In 1974, Gary Van Haas, vice president of Televak Corporation, introduced a concept to distribute a music video channel to record stores across the United States, promoted the channel, named Music Video TV, to distributors and retailers in a May 1974 issue of Billboard; the channel, which featured video disc jockeys, signed a deal with US Cable in 1978 to expand its audience from retail to cable television.
The service was no longer active by the time MTV launched in 1981. In 1977, Warner Cable a division of Warner Communications and the precursor of Warner-Amex Satellite Entertainment launched the first two-way interactive cable television system named QUBE in Columbus, Ohio; the QUBE system offered many specialized channels. One of these specialized channels was Sight on Sound, a music channel that featured concert footage and music-oriented television programs. With the interactive QUBE service, viewers could vote for their favorite artists; the original programming format of MTV was created by media executive Robert W. Pittman, who became president and chief executive officer of MTV Networks. Pittman had test-driven the music format by producing and hosting a 15-minute show, Album Tracks, on New York City television station WNBC-TV in the late 1970s. Pittman's boss Warner-Amex executive vice president John Lack had shepherded PopClips, a television series created by former Monkee-turned solo artist Michael Nesmith, whose attention had turned to the music video format in the late 1970s.
The inspiration for PopClips came from a similar program on New Zealand's TVNZ network named Radio with Pictures, which premiered in 1976. The concept itself had been in the works since 1966, when major record companies began supplying the New Zealand Broadcasting Corporation with promotional music clips to play on the air at no charge. Few artists made the long trip to New Zealand to appear live. On Saturday, August 1, 1981, at 12:01 AM Eastern Time, MTV was launched with the words "Ladies and gentlemen and roll," spoken by John Lack and played over footage of the first Space Shuttle launch countdown of Columbia and of the launch of Apollo 11; those words were followed by the original MTV theme song, a crunching rock tune composed by Jonathan Elias and John Petersen, playing over the American flag changed to show MTV's logo changing into various textures and designs. MTV producers Alan Goodman and Fred Seibert used this public domain footage as a concept. A shortened version of the shuttle launch ID ran at the top of every hour in various forms, from MTV's first day until it was pulled in early 1986 in the wake of the Challenger disaster.