Darnaway Castle known as Tarnaway Castle, is located in Darnaway Forest, 3 miles southwest of Forres in Moray, Scotland. This was Comyn land, given to Thomas Randolph along with the Earldom of Moray by King Robert I; the castle has remained the seat of the Earls of Moray since. Rebuilt in 1810, it retains capable of accommodating 1,000 men. Sir Thomas Randolph built the first castle. John, 3rd Earl, died at the Battle of Neville's Cross in 1346 without male heirs, the earldom went to Patrick Dunbar, the husband of one of John's daughters; the male line of the Dunbars failed around 1430, the earldom went to the Douglases. When Archibald Douglas, Earl of Moray died in battle on 1 May 1455, fighting with his brothers against King James III, who had decided to curb the power wielded by the Douglases, the Moray title and estates were forfeited along with various other Douglas possessions, it now passed to the Murrays, to the Stuart family, with whose descendants it remains. The banqueting hall is the only remaining portion of the castle, erected in 1450 by Archibald Douglas, Earl of Moray, retains its 15th-century hammerbeam roof, making it one of only two medieval halls in Scotland with its original roof, "a specimen unique in Scotland."
The hall was notable in 1562 when an English observer described it as, "verie fayer and large builded." The hall was re-roofed with "spune thak", wooden shingles or shakes hewn by a carpenter, in November 1501 at the command of James IV of Scotland. James kept his mistress Janet Kennedy at Darnaway. To the south of the castle, where the River Findhorn rushes through a gorge, Randolph's Leap commemorates the sort of long-jumping associated with Rob Roy MacGregor, it was not attempted by Earl Randolph, but by his quarry, Alastair Comyn of nearby Dunphail. Darnaway Estate has acres of hardwood forests. More can be learnt about the tale of Randolph’s Leap at the River Findhorn Heritage Centre at nearby Logie Steading. Darnaway castle is still occupied. Collins Encyclopaedia of Scotland Coventry, Martin Castles of the Clans. Maxwell, Herbert History of the House of Douglas; the Douglas Archives - Darnaway Castle
Winthrop Parkway is a historic parkway in Revere, Massachusetts. The parkway, built between 1909 and 1919 and now designated as part of Route 145, runs for about 0.75 miles, from Eliot Circle southeast to the Revere-Winthrop line. Acquisitions for its construction represent the last public purchase of oceanfront lands in Revere, it was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2004. Winthrop Parkway was one of several parkways proposed in the coastal area north of Boston, Massachusetts in 1895. Although plans were drafted for it a few years by the Metropolitan Parks Commission, these plans were shelved while the commission focused on the construction of Winthrop Shore Drive and Revere Beach Parkway, its development was complicated by the need to develop a complete new right of way, whereas the other two parkways were built on existing alignments. In 1905 the Boston, Revere Beach and Lynn Railroad gave a stretch of right of way to the MPC between Eliot Circle, terminus of the Revere Beach Parkway, Leverett Street.
This part of the road was built in 1909. With the original plan to build to roadway all the way to Winthrop Beach, the MPC in 1914 proposed to lengthen the parkway to the city line. Land acquisition and construction followed, that section of the road, which runs along the coast, was completed by 1919; the MPC built the adjacent seawall. Discussions to further extend the parkway never resulted in further development; the roadway was widened in 1946 to facilitate parking. Some time before tidal gates were added on either side of the parkway near Leverett Street to regulate the passage of water in and out of Belle Isle Marsh. National Register of Historic Places listings in Suffolk County, Massachusetts
The 9th Regiment Illinois Volunteer Cavalry was a cavalry regiment that served in the Union Army during the American Civil War. The 9th Illinois Cavalry was mustered into service at Chicago, Illinois, on November 30, 1861; the regiment was mustered out on October 1865, at Selma, Alabama. Future governor of Minnesota Samuel Rinnah Van Sant served in the regiment, as did future Nebraska governor Albinus Nance and future Wisconsin legislator Stewart J. Bailey. One officer and 45 enlisted men were killed in action or died of their wounds, 6 officers and 241 enlisted men who died of disease, for a total of 293 fatalities. Colonel Albert G. Brackett - mustered out on October 26, 1864 Colonel Joseph W. Harper - mustered out with the regiment. 9th Illinois Mounted Infantry regiment List of Illinois Civil War Units Illinois in the American Civil War The Civil War Archive
Gillian Jerome is a Canadian poet, essayist and instructor. She won the City of Vancouver Book Award in 2009 and the ReLit Award for Poetry in 2010. Jerome is a co-founder of Canadian Women In Literary Arts, serves as the poetry editor for Geist, she is a lecturer in literature at the University of British Columbia and runs writing workshops at the Post 750 in downtown Vancouver. Her work has been published by Geist, Canadian Literature, The Malahat Review, The Fiddlehead and the Colorado Review. Jerome was born in Ottawa and lives in Vancouver, British Columbia, she received a Bachelor of Arts from the University of Victoria and a Masters of Fine Arts in writing at the University of Arizona where she studied American Literature. She has two children from her marriage to fellow writer Brad Cran; the two were divorced in 2014. Jerome has taught poetry and literature at the University of British Columbia, the University of Arizona and Douglas College, she co-edited an oral history project in the Downtown Eastside, in association with Pivot Legal Society who started the community-based photography project Hope In Shadows.
She has published poems, book reviews and two books of her own, Jerome has participated for many years in judging the Poetry in Voice contest and the Vancouver Writers Festival. She teaches life writing workshops at the Post at 750 for people who don't consider themselves professional writers but have something meaningful to say, she has participated in the UBC's Robson Reading Series, as well as an event, part of the literary series Open Word: Readings and Ideas at the University of Victoria, where she read from her past works and poems she was working on at the time. Jerome's work touches on many subjects including sexuality, community, ecological exigencies, the local the people and places of her East and South Vancouver neighbourhoods. Gillian Jerome founded CWILA in 2012 as a response to what she saw as unequal representations of gender and race in literary communities in Canada. CWILA produces an annual count of participating publications and their number of books or reviews written by women, as well as how many women authors they have reviewed.
CWILA strives to quantify the barriers that exist for women in literary culture, Their findings aim at enabling discussion and inspiration for action in the literary community in Canada. The non-profit organization works to instill motivation in the literary and review community to create equal coverage and representation. Jerome left her position at Canadian Women in Literary Arts in 2015 to focus on teaching and writing. Geist is a Canadian magazine that brings together fiction and non-fiction, essays, comics and photography; the magazine is explained as a mix of ideas and culture. Jerome is a participating editor and writer for the magazine. Jerome has published 14 pieces with Geist. Including poetry and book reviews; the themes that come up in her writing include feminism, environmentalism, women's rights, housing politics, social justice and community. In 2003 Pivot Legal Society started Hope in the Shadows, a photo contest in Vancouver's Downtown Eastside. Pivot Legal Society asked participants to photograph things that were important to them, with the intent that this would give the participants a voice and recognition for their efforts.
The initial contest led to the creation of a yearly calendar project where each year's winners are asked to share their story along with their image. This calendar is released in October of every year, contains the winning photos of the participants chosen by local artists in the city; the calendars are sold through Megaphones vendor program which hires 200 people from low-income backgrounds each season, each vendor keeps half of their sales. There have been 75,000 calendars sold since 2003. In 2008 the book Hope in Shadows by Jerome and Brad Cran was released through Arsenal Pulp Press and the Pivot Legal Society that compiled 35 different stories attached to winning images from the photo contest, their book took the stories associated with the winning photographs and expanded them with interviews of the photographers from the photo contest. They wrote about the traumas and mental illness but friendship and love, which were reoccurring themes in the stories of the images; the stories capture the lives of First Nations people who survived residential schools, individuals coping with addictions, others overcoming loss of loved ones.
Hope in Shadows was published in 2009 and soon after this date the calendar sold 5000 more copies. Hope in Shadows won the City of Vancouver Book Award, was shortlisted for the Roderick Haig-Brown Regional Prize, was longlisted for the George Ryga Award for Social Awareness in Literature. Jerome has been teaching narrative, research writing and literature in the Department of English Language and Literatures at the University of British Columbia since 2004. Jerome was an editor and author for the EVENT magazine, a literary magazine, publishing poetry and non-fiction for 46 years in Western Canada. Event is published by Douglas College, a public post-secondary institution in New Westminster, British Columbia, Canada. Jerome started working as Event's Poetry editor in 2010. City of Vancouver Book Award, 2008. ReLit Award, 2009 for her poetry collection Red Nest Midsummer Hope in the Shadows Arsenal Pulp Press ISBN 978-1551522388 Red Nest Harbour Publishing Official website Gillian Jerome on IMDb
KFC has been an extensive advertiser since the establishment of the first franchise in 1952. Founder Harland Sanders developed his "Colonel" persona as a low-cost marketing tool; the Colonel image is still used extensively in the chain's advertising. The chain is well known for the "finger lickin' good" slogan, which originated in 1956. Colonel Sanders was a key component of KFC advertising until his death in 1980, he made several appearances in various B movies and television programs of the period, such as What's My Line? and I've Got a Secret. Jack Massey described him as "the greatest PR man I have known". KFC franchisee & Wendy's founder Dave Thomas credited Sanders' appeal to the fact that he "stood for values that people understood and liked". Since his death Sanders has remained as a key symbol of the company. In 1994, KFC hired actor Henderson Forsythe to portray the Colonel in a television campaign entitled "The Colonel's Way"; the $18.4 million campaign from Young & Rubicam used white visuals.
The campaign was ended. From May 1998, an animated version of the Colonel, "boisterously" voiced by Randy Quaid, was used for television advertisements. KFC chief concept officer Jeff Moody said they "provide a fresh way to communicate our relevance for today's consumers"; the animated Colonel was dropped in 2001 in the US, in 2002 in the UK. In 2012, a UK advertisement entitled "4000 cooks" featured. Beginning in May 2015, Darrell Hammond began playing a live-action Colonel Sanders in KFC commercials. Three months KFC launched a new campaign with comedian Norm Macdonald portraying Sanders. Jim Gaffigan began playing Sanders in February 2016, with his first ads stating that Macdonald's Colonel was another impostor. George Hamilton began appearing as "The Extra Crispy Colonel" in July 2016, with no transition referencing Gaffigan's Colonel. In September 2016, Rob Riggle began appearing as a new Colonel Sanders, the coach of the fictitious "Kentucky Buckets" football team, again with no transition.
In October 2016, Vincent Kartheiser appeared in another campaign as the Nashville Colonel, a younger'Heartthrob' take on the character. In January 2017, Billy Zane began appearing as a Gold Colonel Sanders to promote a new Georgia Gold flavor chicken. In April 2017, KFC released a campaign featuring Rob Lowe as astronaut Colonel Sanders giving a JFK speech spoof/homage about launching the Zinger chicken sandwich into space; this commercial featured Wink Martindale. Lowe released a statement saying that when he was a child, his grandfather took him to meet Harland Sanders. In 2018, a "Value Colonel" was introduced, portrayed by Christopher Boyer, an intentionally obscure background character actor, among those who auditioned for the part in 2015. In January 2018, Country Music singer Reba McEntire was selected to be KFC's first female Colonel Sanders. In August 2018, former Seinfeld star Jason Alexander was named the new Colonel Sanders. Alexander had appeared in commercials for KFC in the early 2000s.
Actor Craig Fleming portrays the Colonel in the 2018 ad featuring Mrs. Butterworth. KFC CMO Kevin Hochman told PRWeek, "The plan was always to rotate colonels. We always thought of it like James Bond; the actor that dons the white suit brings something of his own to the actual character." Although the rotating "Real Colonel Sanders" campaigns have generated mixed reviews and company executive credit it with helping to boost sales. In late 2017, KFC introduced the "Value Colonel" portrayed by a lesser known actor, Christopher Boyer, to advertise value meals. Boyer's portrayal of the Colonel makes a point to note that because he is not famous, he can advertise cheaply telling a Colonel Sanders suited Wayne Knight in one commercial, "Ah, ah, ah, no celebrities!" In 2019, a KFC themed dating sim featuring Colonel Sanders, titled I Love You Colonel Sanders! A Finger Lickin’ Good Dating Simulator was released on September 24; the game received a 50% on Metacritic, Polygon writer Nicole Carpenter gave it a negative review, citing it's short playtime compared to advertised length and seeming mockery of the dating sim genre.
The ubiquity of Sanders has not prevented KFC from introducing a mascot aimed at children. "Chicky", a young animated chicken, was first introduced in Thailand in the 1990s, has since been rolled out across a number of markets worldwide in Asia and South America. Early official slogans included "North America's Hospitality Dish" and "We fix Sunday dinner seven nights a week" from 1957 until 1968; the two slogans were phased out in order to concentrate on the "finger lickin' good" slogan. The "finger lickin' good" slogan was trademarked in 1956. After a local KFC television advertisement had featured Arizona franchisee Dave Harman licking his fingers in the background, a viewer phoned the station to complain; the main actor in the advertisement, a KFC manager named Ken Harbough, upon hearing of this, responded: "Well, it's finger lickin' good." The phrase was adopted nationally by the company by the 1960s, went on to become one of the best-known slogans of the twentieth century. The trademark expired in the US in 2006, was replaced in that market with "Follow your taste" until 2010.
In 2011, the "finger lickin' good" slogan was dropped in favor of "So good", to be rolled out worldwide. A Yum! executive said that the new slogan was more holistic, applying to staff and service, as well as