The English Language Acquisition, Language Enhancement, Academic Achievement Act - known as the Bilingual Education Act - is a federal grant program described in Title III Part A of the federal Elementary and Secondary Education Act, reauthorized as the No Child Left Behind Act in 2002 and again as the Every Student Succeeds Act in 2015. This section is targeted to benefit Limited English Proficient children and immigrant youth; the statute states that LEP students must not only attain English proficiency but meet the same academic standards as their English-speaking peers in all content areas. Federal funding is provided to assist State Education Agencies and Local Education Agencies in meeting these requirements. In 2011, ESEA Title III awards were granted to 56 SEAs and the average award given to an individual SEA was $12,158,046. SEAs and LEAs are expected to use ESEA Title III funding to create or further develop language instruction courses that help LEP students meet academic standards.
The LEAs and SEAs who receive ESEA Title III funding are responsible for the yearly progress of their students with respect to development of language proficiency as well as meeting their grade-level academic standards. LEP students are measured against annual development objectives. SEAs and LEAs are held accountable for the progress of LEP and immigrant students through annual measurable achievement outcomes: the number of LEP students making sufficient progress in English acquisition, attaining English proficiency, meeting Adequate Yearly Progress Funding is used towards language instruction programs. Funding is allocated for teaching English to the parents and communities of LEP children; the amount of funding each state receives is determined by formula derived from the number of LEP and immigrant students in that state. The number of LEP students in each state is determined using information provided by the US census as well as yearly state-issued surveys; the grant is divided into subgrants made available to LEAs within the state.
In order for an LEA within a given state to receive ESEA Title III funding, it must reapply each school year, providing data with respect to the size and progress of the LEP population. While the main purpose of ESEA Title III regulations and funding are to ensure language proficiency and on grade-level academic performance of LEP students, there are regulations regarding parent communication. Any LEA that receives ESEA Title III funding is obligated to inform families and communities of LEP and immigrant children about their ESL programming and how they can assist in their child’s progress. In addition, all schools are required to provide appropriate communication with all parents and guardians regardless of their native language and the percentage of non-English parents are a part of the school community. ESEA Title III funds are available to public schools, including charter schools. Private schools are not eligible for these federal funds; the discussion of equal educational opportunity for LEP students was first made public in the late 1960s with many other civil rights issues.
In 1970, the federal Office for Civil Rights issued a memorandum which stated that school districts must take affirmative action to ensure that the native language of minority students did not inhibit their participation in the educational system. In 1974, the Supreme Court’s decision in Lau v. Nichols affirmed the notion. In their decision, the court argued that providing the same resources to LEP students as their English-speaking peers was denying them of obtaining an appropriate education. In direct response to the Lau v. Nichols decision, congress passed the Equal Educational Opportunity Act, which not only mandated equal rights for LEP students, but stated that a failure to provide adequate resources for overcoming language differences was considered a denial of equal education; the issue of educational equity resurfaced in the mid-1990s, when many cities and states across the nation experienced a large influx of immigrants. Between 1995 and 2005, the number of immigrant children in grades K-12 rose more than 57%.
Since this time, the demographics of the United States have been changing radically with respect to Hispanic individuals. In 1980, there were 14.6 million Hispanics in the United States, which accounted for about 6% of the population. By 2000, the population had grown to 12.5 % of the population. It is now estimated that the Hispanic population will exceed one-third of the national population by 2050; the United States experienced exponential growth of the LEP student population beginning in the mid-1990s. Between 1998 and 2008, LEP students rose from 2.03% to 53.25% of the total number of students enrolled in public schools. In the 2008–2009 school year, there were 5,346,673 identified LEP students, over 10% of total enrollment in public schools in the United States; the states with the highest LEP populations in 2008–2009 were: California, Florida, New York, Illinois. Despite the influx of immigrants into the country, the majority of LEP students in the United States are native born; the two opposing schools of thought with regards to educational equity in the second half of the 20th century were differentiation and universalism.
The legislation that arose from the Civil Rights Movement and cases such as
Sigma Delta Rho was a fraternity active at Amherst College that affiliated with Theta Xi before reverting to local status as Alpha Theta Xi, thereafter becoming defunct as a chapter but continuing as a co-ed cooperative. The fraternity was founded in 1909 as the result of a membership split in the Hitchcock Club, a local campus literary society, their first house was a rented property on Tyler Place. In 1913 the fraternity purchased and moved into a property which it continued to occupy until 1924 before acquiring a new house at 62 Snell Street. Sigma Delta Rho became inactive with the onset of World War I. In 1922 alumni helped initiating 22 undergraduates. In 1932 Sigma Delta Rho affiliated with Theta Xi, becoming that fraternity's Alpha Mu chapter, their house was rebuilt in 1940 to expand and modernize it, taking the official name "Humphries House" and becoming informally known as "the Zoo". The Amherst Theta Xi chapter became a local fraternity known as Alpha Theta Xi after its charter was pulled for "insubordination" in 1957..
By the 1970s, according to one account, the group had started to attract "nonconformists" and "seemed to morph into a sort of counterculture theme house going through the motions of being a fraternity." The building continues. The fraternity's coat of arms was designed by commission of Emily Butterfield and accepted by the fraternity in 1925, replacing a design, employed
This list of vaccine ingredients indicates the culture media used in the production of common vaccines and the excipients they contain, as published by the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and Food and Drug Administration. Vaccine ingredients and production in other nations are the same. Listed are substances used in the manufacturing process. To read the prescribing information for each individual vaccine, see List of Licensed Vaccines Vaccine types Vaccination schedule Adjuvant Preservative Cell culture Growth medium The initial list is based on information from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Food and Drug Administration and thus limited to US-approved vaccines
Unione Calcio Sampdoria had a decent season, in which it troubled the top three in the Serie A, at half season threatening to overahul Juventus's league title, before losing its form during the spring. Vincenzo Montella, brought in from rivals Genoa to replace the departed Enrico Chiesa, sensationally equalled Chiesa's tally of 22 goals. Following the end of the season, coach Sven-Göran Eriksson moved to Lazio, brought both Roberto Mancini and Siniša Mihajlović with him. With playmaker Clarence Seedorf departing for Real Madrid, Sampdoria was once again in a predicament, it still possessed Juan Sebastián Verón's unique qualities, however. The Argentinian was a genuine sensation in his first European season, stayed on for another year. Fabrizio Ferron Matteo Sereni Alessandro Giovinazzo Kurnia Sandy David Balleri Alberigo Evani Moreno Mannini Stefano Sacchetti Emanuele Pesaresi Siniša Mihajlović Emiliano Milone Oumar Dieng Alessandro Lamonica Marco Franceschetti Pierre Laigle Giovanni Invernizzi Christian Karembeu Fausto Salsano Vincenzo Iacopino Nicola Zanini Simone Vergassola Juan Sebastián Verón Vincenzo Montella Roberto Mancini Mattia Biso Filippo Maniero Marco Carparelli Vincenzo Montella 22 Roberto Mancini 15 Marco Carparelli 6 Juan Sebastián Verón 5 Siniša Mihajlović 3
Alejandro Córdoba Sosa is an Argentine writer. As a story teller he participated in several anthologies, among which stands out the compilation published by the Argentina Society of Writers in 2000, in which Cordoba Sosa was included as a winner of the National Short Story Competition SADE 2000 for his story Robar la nada. In 2007, under the pen name'Alejandro Zenteno Lobo', he published Doscientos y un cuentos en miniatura a book of flash fiction none of which goes beyond the limit of seventy words; the book was illustrated by the artist Meli Valdés Sozzani. One of the flash fictions included in this book is thought to be the shortest horror story in Spanish; this story has just 28 letters in only seven words. The story reads, in its entirety: Frente a él, el espejo estaba vacio. In 2011, his work is included in the anthology Poetas y Narradores Contemporáneos 2011, published by Editorial de los Cuatro Vientos. In April 2013, a personal selection of his stories is published under the name El enigma de O..
The book was presented at the 39th International Book Fair of Buenos Aires. In 2014, he published his second personal anthology, the book of short stories El destino de la especie, presented at the 40th Buenos Aires International Book Fair. In 2015, his flash fiction book Doscientos y un cuentos en miniatura was translated into English and published as Two hundred and one miniature tales. •Antología SADE 2000 •Doscientos y un cuentos en miniatura •Poetas y Narradores Contemporáneos •El enigma de O. •El destino de la especie •Two hundred and one miniature tales •http://www.elenigmadeo.com •http://alejandro4156.wordpress.com/ •http://www.semanarioelmundo.com.ar/archivo_2013/1344/cultura_1344/cultura_1344_05.html •http://www.semanarioelmundo.com.ar/archivo_2013/1346/cultura_1346/cultura_1346_02.html •http://www.eldia.com.ar/edis/20130714/Eventos-Ciudad-revistadomingo13.htm •http://www.semanarioelmundo.com.ar/archivo_2014/1394/cultura_1394/cultura_1394_02.html •https://books.google.com/books/about Doscientos_y_un_cuentos_en_miniatura.html?id=AxtluAAACAAJ&redir_esc=y •https://web.archive.org/web/20160303185035/http://www.lsf.com.ar/libros/85/DOSCIENTOS-Y-UN-CUENTOS-EN-MINIATURA/ •http://www.libreroonline.com/argentina/libros/223411/alejandro-zenteno-lobo/doscientos-y-un-cuentos-en-miniatura.html •Concurso Nacional de Cuento SADE 2000, Antologia •Poetas y Narradores Contemporáneos •Doscientos y un cuentos en miniatura •El enigma de O. •El destino de la especie •Two hundred and one miniature tales http://www.taringa.net/posts/ciencia-educacion/17762357/El-cuento-de-terror-mas-corto-del-mundo.html
"Barbados" was a UK Number 1 single released in May 1975 by Typically Tropical. "Barbados" entered the UK Singles Chart at number 37 in late June 1975, five weeks was at Number 1 for a week. In total, "Barbados" spent eleven weeks on the chart; the track reached Number 1 on the Irish Singles Chart, Number 1 on the South African Singles Chart, 20 on the Australian Singles Chart. The track was released on an album in 1975 by Gull Records; the album was named Barbados Sky. Follow-up singles "Rocket Now" and "The Ghost Song" failed to chart, leaving "Typically Tropical" as one-hit wonders. In 1999 a reworked version of the song, renamed "We're Going to Ibiza" reached the UK Number 1 spot for The Vengaboys. List of number-one singles from the 1970s List of number-one singles of 1975