Elementary school

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A Shōgakkō or elementary school class in Japan
Elementary school in Višňové (Slovakia).

Elementary school is a school for students in their first school years, where they get primary education before they enter secondary education. The exact ages vary by country; in the United States, elementary schools usually have 6 grades with pupils aged between 6 and 12 years old, but the age can be up to 10 or 14 years old as well.[1] In Japan, the age of pupils in elementary school ranges from 6 to 12, after which the pupils enter junior high school.

Elementary school is usually only one part of compulsory education, especially in Western countries.



Students leave nursery school at 4 years old and start primary school for the next 7 years which would be primary 1 (ages 4 to 5) and so on until primary 7 which would be the last year at primary school (ages 10 to 11) then after that off to high school (ages 11 to 12.)


  1. ^ Snyder, Thomas D.; Hoffman, Charlene M. (2001). Digest of Education Statistics 2001 (pdf). Institute of Education Sciences, Washington: National Center for Education Statistics. p. 7, fig. 1. Retrieved 19 August 2017. 
  2. ^ Gerald L. Gutek (14 December 1994). A History of the Western Educational Experience: Second Edition. Waveland Press. p. 203. ISBN 978-1-4786-3010-4. Retrieved 12 August 2017. 
  3. ^ "Historical Timeline of Public Education in the US". Race Forward. 2006-04-13. Retrieved 2018-02-08. 
  4. ^ "Digest of Education Statistics, 2001" (PDF). National Center for Education Statistics. Retrieved 12 August 2017. 
  5. ^ "The Establishment of Elementary Schools and Attendance". JAPAN'S MODERN EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM. Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, Japan. Retrieved 12 August 2017. 

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