Flag football is a version of American football where the basic rules of the game are similar to those of the mainstream game, but instead of tackling players to the ground, the defensive team must remove a flag or flag belt from the ball carrier to end a down, contact is not permitted between players. Chiefly because there is no dominant sanctioning organization for the sport, the game has mutated into many variations: 9, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4-players on each side. An important distinction is whether linemen are allowed to catch passes or, as in the NFL / CFL, are not allowed to do so. Flag football may be divided into "contact" or "non-contact", depending on whether or not blocking is allowed; the ability or inability for the quarterback to advance the ball past the line of scrimmage by running is another rule subject to variation by league. The sport has a strong amateur following and several national and international competitions each year sponsored by various associations. On June 28, 2017 the inaugural game for the newly formed American Flag Football League was played.
The league plans to launch eight league-owned teams for 2018. The International Woman's Flag Football Association, otherwise known as the IWFFA, hosts 8 on 8 flag football tournaments and flag football trainings across the world with participants from the United States, Mexico, Norway, Denmark, Iceland and several other nations; the organization is the largest organization for girls in the sport of flag football. The most active tournament is held each February in Key West, called the Kelly McGillis Classic where over 90 women and girls teams participate in 8 on 8, semi - blocking contact flag football. There are no restrictions to for women to play; the International Flag Football Festival organizes the World Cup of Flag Football featuring teams from the United States and several other nations. The International Federation of American Football organizes the IFAF Flag Football World Championship every two years since 2002. Flag football competition in the United Kingdom is 5-a-side and organized by the BAFA National Leagues.
At a senior level as of 2011, it is played by fifteen teams divided into two regional conferences and South with the top teams qualifying for playoffs at the end of the season. The league organizes teams competing at youth and cadet levels. Flag matches in the UK are played with five players on each side with no contact, are officiated according to the IFAF flag football rules with a few minor variations; the specific rules of flag football vary by league, though all share in common their replication of the rules of traditional US-American football with tackling replaced by flag-pulling. Traditional American football rules are omitted, changed or simplified to reflect the more recreational nature of the game, desire to avoid physical contact and injury, the smaller number of participating players per side. American football strategy Rugby football Tag rugby USFTL.com United States Flag & Touch Football League
Meghauli is a village and former Village Development Committee, now part of Bharatpur Metropolitan City in Province No. 3 of central Nepal. In December 2014, Meghauli among neighboring other Village Development Committees was merged to form Narayani Municipality. In 2016 Narayani Municipality was itself merged into Bharatpur creating the metropolitan city of Bharatpur; the former Meghauli V. D. C. Looks after civic affairs in the town; the municipal area is divided into two wards of Bharatpur Metropolitan City, Ward No. 27 & 28. At the time of the 1991 Nepal census it had a population of 12,281 people living in 2027 individual households. Meghauli village touches over 25 km of the borders of the park and is situated on the banks of the Rapti and Narayani River. Situated at 172 km from Kathmandu, Meghauli is in the western part of Chitwan district. Meghauli is one of the richest villages in Chitwan in terms of wildlife, different cultures and sports is located in the adjacent of Chitwan National Park.
Meghauli is the western entrance of the Chitwan National Park that attracts thousands of visitors every year to explore its rich flora and fauna. The huge 25 km long community forest is another eye catching object of Meghauli; the new concept had been materialized for the tourism development in Meghauli. National park entrance gate, elephant stable, view eco park. National crocodile dreediy pond and medicinal herbal farming in the buffer zone are the main attractions in the Meghauli, it is a interesting place to learn about the local indigenous Tharu people as the village is a well preserve example of a traditional settlement and now is possible to stay at one of the 5 Tharu Homestays. Apart from these, Meghauli has excellent potential for the establishment of hotels. Rhino Resort, Golaghat Wildlife Resort, Barahi Resort, Chital lodge, Chautari lodge, Ecopark Volunteering and restaurant etc. are serving to some extent who come to visit Megauli. Rafters, after a trip end at the Golaghat, the confluence of Narayani and Rapti River, can see the sunset and a view of the Himalayas.
Meghauli has a good balance between human wildlife. There is bird watching for Bengal florican, giant horn bill, lesser florican, black stork and white stork. One can see one horned rhinos, royal Bengal tiger, hog deer, barking deer, sloth bear, palm civet, languor rhesus monkey and the gharial crocodile along with many other common species such as gaur, hyena, Gangetic dolphin, monitor lizard and stripped; the village has a wide area for sporting activities. Every year sports like para jumping and elephant polo are held in Meghauli. One can see the local Tharu stick dance, tiger dance and mask dance ghost dance which are popular in this village. Narayani River flows north of Meghauli. Narayani river is the deepest and one of the biggest rivers of Nepal. Eastern side of the Narayani river bank in Meghauli is regarded as the holy site for Hindu rituals. Rapti River flows bank of the Chitwan National Park. Confluence of Narayani and Rapti River at Golaghat Narayangarh in Bharatpur city, is the main shopping and commercial area for Meghauli residents.
Is the main transit point for all the vehicles traveling via east-west Mahendra Highway and for the people traveling from Kathmandu and Pokhara through Mugling road. Narayangarh has become a retail and commercial capital of whole Chitwan district and Bharatpur Metropolitan City, it is the center for hospitality industry which includes Hotels, Restaurants etc. and transportation hub for Chitwan district. Meghauli Airport, is located in about 26 km west of the city center of Bharatpur in the Chitwan District; the airport resides at an elevation of 600 feet above mean sea level. It has one runway, 1,085 metres in length, it is the gateway airport to Chitwan National Park, sees thousands of tourists annually. Permits for Foreign tourists intending to journey to Chitwan are issued at this airport. Mahendra East West Highway connects from the Chaubiskothi Bharatpur, micro bus and other land transportation are available to go out of the Meghauli. Parsadhap Bazaar, EcoPark, Telauli Bazaar, Meghauli Bazaar, Jitpur Bazaar and Golaghat are major centres at intersections of major roads.
The people inhabiting the Meghauli are predominantly peasant farmers cultivating food and cash crops such as rice, wheat, lentils and vegetables. The poultry industry in the village constitutes a significant proportion of the district's poultry industry. Milly Jully Higher Secondary Boarding School, Parsadhap Paramount English Boarding School, Parsadhap Shree Kajiman Lower Secondary School, Parsadhap Bright Future English Secondary School, Telauli Shree Janaki Higher Secondary School, Meghauli Shree Rastriya Prathamik Bidhyalaya, Dharampur Namuna English Boarding School, Gautamnagar Shree Sajhapur Higher Secondary School, Sajhapur Shree Saraswati Higher Secondary School, Jitpur Alimighty Academy, Jitpur Shree Rastriya Prathamik Bidhyalaya, Andrauli Shree Rastriya Prathamik Bidhyalaya, Golaghat* Shree Rastriya Prathamik Bidhyalaya, Sishabass The overwhelming majority of the Meghauli population follows Hinduism or Buddhism. There are significant numbers of Christians, Muslims
India known as the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh largest country by area and with more than 1.3 billion people, it is the second most populous country as well as the most populous democracy in the world. Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, the Bay of Bengal on the southeast, it shares land borders with Pakistan to the west. In the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka and the Maldives, while its Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Thailand and Indonesia; the Indian subcontinent was home to the urban Indus Valley Civilisation of the 3rd millennium BCE. In the following millennium, the oldest scriptures associated with Hinduism began to be composed. Social stratification, based on caste, emerged in the first millennium BCE, Buddhism and Jainism arose. Early political consolidations took place under the Gupta empires. In the medieval era, Zoroastrianism and Islam arrived, Sikhism emerged, all adding to the region's diverse culture.
Much of the north fell to the Delhi Sultanate. The economy expanded in the 17th century in the Mughal Empire. In the mid-18th century, the subcontinent came under British East India Company rule, in the mid-19th under British Crown rule. A nationalist movement emerged in the late 19th century, which under Mahatma Gandhi, was noted for nonviolent resistance and led to India's independence in 1947. In 2017, the Indian economy was the world's sixth largest by nominal GDP and third largest by purchasing power parity. Following market-based economic reforms in 1991, India became one of the fastest-growing major economies and is considered a newly industrialised country. However, it continues to face the challenges of poverty, corruption and inadequate public healthcare. A nuclear weapons state and regional power, it has the second largest standing army in the world and ranks fifth in military expenditure among nations. India is a federal republic governed under a parliamentary system and consists of 29 states and 7 union territories.
A pluralistic and multi-ethnic society, it is home to a diversity of wildlife in a variety of protected habitats. The name India is derived from Indus, which originates from the Old Persian word Hindush, equivalent to the Sanskrit word Sindhu, the historical local appellation for the Indus River; the ancient Greeks referred to the Indians as Indoi, which translates as "The people of the Indus". The geographical term Bharat, recognised by the Constitution of India as an official name for the country, is used by many Indian languages in its variations, it is a modernisation of the historical name Bharatavarsha, which traditionally referred to the Indian subcontinent and gained increasing currency from the mid-19th century as a native name for India. Hindustan is a Middle Persian name for India, it was introduced into India by the Mughals and used since then. Its meaning varied, referring to a region that encompassed northern India and Pakistan or India in its entirety; the name may refer to either the northern part of India or the entire country.
The earliest known human remains in South Asia date to about 30,000 years ago. Nearly contemporaneous human rock art sites have been found in many parts of the Indian subcontinent, including at the Bhimbetka rock shelters in Madhya Pradesh. After 6500 BCE, evidence for domestication of food crops and animals, construction of permanent structures, storage of agricultural surplus, appeared in Mehrgarh and other sites in what is now Balochistan; these developed into the Indus Valley Civilisation, the first urban culture in South Asia, which flourished during 2500–1900 BCE in what is now Pakistan and western India. Centred around cities such as Mohenjo-daro, Harappa and Kalibangan, relying on varied forms of subsistence, the civilization engaged robustly in crafts production and wide-ranging trade. During the period 2000–500 BCE, many regions of the subcontinent transitioned from the Chalcolithic cultures to the Iron Age ones; the Vedas, the oldest scriptures associated with Hinduism, were composed during this period, historians have analysed these to posit a Vedic culture in the Punjab region and the upper Gangetic Plain.
Most historians consider this period to have encompassed several waves of Indo-Aryan migration into the subcontinent from the north-west. The caste system, which created a hierarchy of priests and free peasants, but which excluded indigenous peoples by labeling their occupations impure, arose during this period. On the Deccan Plateau, archaeological evidence from this period suggests the existence of a chiefdom stage of political organisation. In South India, a progression to sedentary life is indicated by the large number of megalithic monuments dating from this period, as well as by nearby traces of agriculture, irrigation tanks, craft traditions. In the late Vedic period, around the 6th century BCE, the small states and chiefdoms of the Ganges Plain and the north-western regions had consolidated into 16 major oligarchies and monarchies that were known as the mahajanapadas; the emerging urbanisation gave rise to non-Vedic religious movements, two of which became independent religions. Jainism came into prominence during the life of Mahavira.
Buddhism, based on the teachings of Gautama Buddha, attracted followers from all social classes excepting the middle
American football, referred to as football in the United States and Canada and known as gridiron, is a team sport played by two teams of eleven players on a rectangular field with goalposts at each end. The offense, the team controlling the oval-shaped football, attempts to advance down the field by running with or passing the ball, while the defense, the team without control of the ball, aims to stop the offense's advance and aims to take control of the ball for themselves; the offense must advance at least ten yards in four downs, or plays, otherwise they turn over the football to the defense. Points are scored by advancing the ball into the opposing team's end zone for a touchdown or kicking the ball through the opponent's goalposts for a field goal; the team with the most points at the end of a game wins. American football evolved in the United States, originating from the sports of association football and rugby football; the first match of American football was played on November 6, 1869, between two college teams and Princeton, under rules based on the association football rules of the time.
During the latter half of the 1870s, colleges playing association football switched to the Rugby Union code, which allowed carrying the ball. A set of rule changes drawn up from 1880 onward by Walter Camp, the "Father of American Football", established the snap, the line of scrimmage, eleven-player teams, the concept of downs; the sport is related to Canadian football, which evolved parallel and contemporary to the American game, most of the features that distinguish American football from rugby and soccer are present in Canadian football. American football as a whole is the most popular sport in the United States; the most popular forms of the game are professional and college football, with the other major levels being high school and youth football. As of 2012, nearly 1.1 million high school athletes and 70,000 college athletes play the sport in the United States annually all of them men, with a few exceptions. The National Football League, the most popular American football league, has the highest average attendance of any professional sports league in the world.
In the United States, American Football is called "football". The terms "gridiron" or "American football" are favored in English-speaking countries where other codes of football are popular, such as the United Kingdom, New Zealand, Australia. American football evolved from the sports of rugby football. Rugby football, like American football, is a sport where two competing teams vie for control of a ball, which can be kicked through a set of goalposts or run into the opponent's goal area to score points. What is considered to be the first American football game was played on November 6, 1869, between Rutgers and Princeton, two college teams; the game was played between two teams of 25 players each and used a round ball that could not be picked up or carried. It could, however, be kicked or batted with the feet, head or sides, with the ultimate goal being to advance it into the opponent's goal. Rutgers won the game 6 goals to 4. Collegiate play continued for several years in which matches were played using the rules of the host school.
Representatives of Yale, Columbia and Rutgers met on October 19, 1873 to create a standard set of rules for all schools to adhere to. Teams were set at 20 players each, fields of 400 by 250 feet were specified. Harvard abstained from the conference, as they favored a rugby-style game that allowed running with the ball. After playing McGill University using both Canadian and American rules, the Harvard players preferred the Canadian style having only 11 men on the field, running the ball without having to be chased by an opponent, the forward pass and using an oblong instead of a round ball. An 1875 Harvard–Yale game played under rugby-style rules was observed by two impressed Princeton athletes; these players introduced the sport to Princeton, a feat the Professional Football Researchers Association compared to "selling refrigerators to Eskimos." Princeton, Harvard and Columbia agreed to intercollegiate play using a form of rugby union rules with a modified scoring system. These schools formed the Intercollegiate Football Association, although Yale did not join until 1879.
Yale player Walter Camp, now regarded as the "Father of American Football", secured rule changes in 1880 that reduced the size of each team from 15 to 11 players and instituted the snap to replace the chaotic and inconsistent scrum. The introduction of the snap resulted in unexpected consequences. Prior to the snap, the strategy had been to punt. However, a group of Princeton players realized that, as the snap was uncontested, they now could hold the ball indefinitely to prevent their opponent from scoring. In 1881, both teams in a game between Yale-Princeton used this strategy to maintain their undefeated records; each team held the ball. This "block game" proved unpopular with the spectators and fans of both teams. A rule change was necessary to prevent this strategy from taking hold, a reversion to the scrum was considered. However, Camp proposed a rule in 1882 that limited each team to three downs, or tackles, to adva
Korfball is a ball sport, with similarities to netball and basketball. It is played by two teams of four males in each team; the objective is to throw a ball into a bottomless basket, mounted on a 3.5 m high pole. The sport was invented by Dutch school teacher Nico Broekhuysen in 1902. In the Netherlands, there are over 90,000 people playing korfball; the sport is very popular in Belgium and Taiwan, is played in nearly 70 countries. In 1902 Nico Broekhuysen, a Dutch school teacher from Amsterdam, was sent to Nääs, a town in Sweden, to follow an educational course about teaching gymnastics to children; this is where he was introduced to the Swedish game'ringboll'. In ringboll one could score points by throwing the ball through a ring, attached to a 3 m pole. Men and women played together, the field was divided into three zones. Players could not leave their zone. Broekhuysen was inspired and when he returned to Amsterdam he decided to teach his students a similar game, he replaced the ring with a basket, so it was easier to see if a player had scored or not.
Broekhuysen simplified the rules so children could understand and play it. Korfball was born; the main idea was the same as ringboll. The oldest still existing korfball club to never have merged with any other club is a Dutch korfball club H. K. C. ALO from The Hague, Netherlands. H. K. C. ALO was founded on 1 February 1906. At first, there was considerable controversy about the sport, because the players were of both sexes. Several sports journalists refused to pay the slightest attention to the new sport. Korfball players were accused of being immoral; the sportswear was criticized, because the women were showing bare knees and ankles. Yet korfball was featured as a demonstration sport in the Summer Olympics of 1920 and 1928; the International Korfball Federation was founded in 1933 in Belgium. Korfball is played in 69 countries including: United States, England, Ireland, Australia, New Zealand, Czech Republic, Poland, Serbia, South Africa, India, The Netherlands, Nigeria, Ghana, Germany, Turkey, Hong Kong, Pakistan, Sweden, the Philippines, Italy, Spain and Romania.
It is growing in popularity in the UK and in a unique reference to the sport, is featured in a song by the band Half Man Half Biscuit entitled "Joy in Leeuwarden" on their 2011 album 90 Bisodol. Korfball has been played in the World Games since 1985. IKF World Korfball Championships have been held every four years since 1978; the leading nations are The Netherlands, Chinese Taipei, Belgium. Hong Kong hosted its first international tournament, the IKF Asia Oceania Korfball Championship in 2006. New Zealand hosted the IKF Asia Oceania Youth Korfball Championships in 2007. Korfball is played inside in winter and outdoors in autumn; the size of the indoor court is 20 m. The court is divided into halves called zones. In each zone is a 3.5 m tall post with a basket at the top. This is positioned two-thirds of the back of the zone. A korfball team consists of eight players. An international korfball match consists of four periods, with the length varying depending on the competition, but between 7 and 10 minutes, with a 1-minute break between period 1, 2, 3 and 4.
At half time - after period 2 - the break is 5 minutes. Four players of each team are in one zone and the other four are in the other zone. Within each zone, a player may only defend a member of the opposite team of the same gender. At the beginning of the match, one team chooses one-half of the court; that half will be their defending zone, with'their' basket in it. Players score by throwing the ball through the opponents' basket. After two goals, the teams change zones: defenders become attackers become defenders. In between those zone-changes, attackers can not set foot on their defending vice versa. At half-time teams swap halves; the rules prevent physical strength dominating the game. Blocking and holding are not allowed, as well as kicking the ball. Once a player has the ball, one cannot dribble, run or walk with it, one can move one foot as long as the foot the player landed on when they caught the ball stays in the same spot; therefore and efficient teamwork is required, because players need each other to keep the ball moving, throwing the ball to each other.
A player may not attempt to score when defended, which occurs when the defender is in between the opponent and the basket, is facing his/her opponent, is within arm's length and attempting to block the ball. This rule encourages fast movement while limiting the impact of players' height compared to their opponents; the national teams competition organized by the International World Games Association has been played every four years since 1981. The national teams competition organized by the International Korfball Federation has been played every four years since 1978. 2008 Kaohsiung, Taiwan – Winner: Netherlands 2012 Barcelona, Spain – Winner: Netherlands 2016 Olomouc, Czech Republic – Winner: Netherlands IKF promotes four continental championships: European Korfball Championship, All-Africa Korfball Championship, Pan-American Korfball Championship and Asia-Oceania Korfball Championship. Every year the IKF organises the Europ
The Daily Telegraph
The Daily Telegraph referred to as The Telegraph, is a national British daily broadsheet newspaper published in London by Telegraph Media Group and distributed across the United Kingdom and internationally. It was founded by Arthur B. Sleigh in 1855 as Daily Telegraph & Courier; the Telegraph is regarded as a national "newspaper of record" and it maintains an international reputation for quality, having been described by the BBC as "one of the world's great titles". The paper's motto, "Was, is, will be", appears in the editorial pages and has featured in every edition of the newspaper since 19 April 1858; the paper had a circulation of 363,183 in December 2018, having declined following industry trends from 1.4 million in 1980. Its sister paper, The Sunday Telegraph, which started in 1961, had a circulation of 281,025 as of December 2018; the Daily Telegraph has the largest circulation for a broadsheet newspaper in the UK and the sixth largest circulation of any UK newspaper as of 2016. The two sister newspapers are run separately, with different editorial staff, but there is cross-usage of stories.
Articles published in either may be published on the Telegraph Media Group's www.telegraph.co.uk website, under the title of The Telegraph. Editorially, the paper is considered conservative; the Telegraph has been the first newspaper to report on a number of notable news scoops, including the 2009 MP expenses scandal, which led to a number of high-profile political resignations and for which it was named 2009 British Newspaper of the Year, its 2016 undercover investigation on the England football manager Sam Allardyce. However, including the paper's former chief political commentator Peter Oborne, accuse it of being unduly influenced by advertisers HSBC; the Daily Telegraph and Courier was founded by Colonel Arthur B. Sleigh in June 1855 to air a personal grievance against the future commander-in-chief of the British Army, Prince George, Duke of Cambridge. Joseph Moses Levy, the owner of The Sunday Times, agreed to print the newspaper, the first edition was published on 29 June 1855; the paper was four pages long.
The first edition stressed the quality and independence of its articles and journalists: We shall be guided by a high tone of independent action. However, the paper was not a success, Sleigh was unable to pay Levy the printing bill. Levy took over the newspaper, his aim being to produce a cheaper newspaper than his main competitors in London, the Daily News and The Morning Post, to expand the size of the overall market. Levy appointed his son, Edward Levy-Lawson, Lord Burnham, Thornton Leigh Hunt to edit the newspaper. Lord Burnham relaunched the paper as The Daily Telegraph, with the slogan "the largest and cheapest newspaper in the world". Hunt laid out the newspaper's principles in a memorandum sent to Levy: "We should report all striking events in science, so told that the intelligent public can understand what has happened and can see its bearing on our daily life and our future; the same principle should apply to all other events—to fashion, to new inventions, to new methods of conducting business".
In 1876, Jules Verne published his novel Michael Strogoff, whose plot takes place during a fictional uprising and war in Siberia. Verne included among the book's characters a war correspondent of The Daily Telegraph, named Harry Blount—who is depicted as an exceptionally dedicated and brave journalist, taking great personal risks to follow the ongoing war and bring accurate news of it to The Telegraph's readership, ahead of competing papers. In 1908, Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany gave a controversial interview to The Daily Telegraph that damaged Anglo-German relations and added to international tensions in the build-up to World War I. In 1928 the son of Baron Burnham, Harry Lawson Webster Levy-Lawson, 2nd Baron Burnham, sold the paper to William Berry, 1st Viscount Camrose, in partnership with his brother Gomer Berry, 1st Viscount Kemsley and Edward Iliffe, 1st Baron Iliffe. In 1937, the newspaper absorbed The Morning Post, which traditionally espoused a conservative position and sold predominantly amongst the retired officer class.
William Ewart Berry, 1st Viscount Camrose, bought The Morning Post with the intention of publishing it alongside The Daily Telegraph, but poor sales of the former led him to merge the two. For some years the paper was retitled The Daily Telegraph and Morning Post before it reverted to just The Daily Telegraph. In the late 1930s Victor Gordon Lennox, The Telegraph's diplomatic editor, published an anti-appeasement private newspaper The Whitehall Letter that received much of its information from leaks from Sir Robert Vansittart, the Permanent Under-Secretary of the Foreign Office, Rex Leeper, the Foreign Office's Press Secretary; as a result, Gordon Lennox was monitored by MI5. In 1939, The Telegraph published Clare Hollingworth's scoop. In November 1940, with Fleet Street subjected to daily bombing raids by the Luftwaffe, The Telegraph started printing in Manchester at Kemsley House, run by Camrose's brother Kemsley. Manchester quite printed the entire run of The Telegraph when its Fleet Street offices were under threat.
The name Kemsley House was changed to Thomson House in 1959. In 1986 printing of Northern editions of the Daily and Sunday Telegraph moved to Trafford Park and in 2008 to Newsprinters at Knowsley, Liverpool. During the Second World War, The Daily Telegraph covertly helped in the recruitment of code-breakers for Bletchley Park; the ability to solve The Telegraph's crossword in under 12 minutes was considered to be a recruitment test. The newspaper was asked to organise a crossword competition, after wh
Beach Soccer known as beach football, sand football or beasal, is a variant of association football played on a beach or some form of sand. The game emphasises skill and accuracy in shooting at the goal. Whilst football has been played informally on beaches for many years, the introduction of beach soccer was an attempt to codify rules for the game; this was done in 1992 by the founders of Beach Soccer Worldwide, a company set up to develop the sport and responsible for the majority of its tournaments to this day. This was a major foundation for what is now known as beach soccer and what has led to the sport growing in popularity; the irregularity of the soft-sand playing surface leads to a different style of play than is used in football, with a greater degree of improvisation. The compact field, much smaller than a normal football field, allows players to score from anywhere on the sand, leading to an average of sixty attempts at goal in a single game. With an average scoring rate of one goal every three or four minutes, around eleven goals are scored in total during an average game.
Beach football started in Brazil, more at Rio de Janeiro. In 1950 the first official tournament was created to unite neighborhood small tourneys that happened since 1940. After huge popularity it has grown to be an international game; the participation of internationally renowned players such as flamboyant Frenchman Eric Cantona, legendary Spanish strikers Michel and Julio Salinas and Brazilian stars such as Romário, Júnior and Zico has helped to expand television coverage to large audiences in over 170 countries worldwide. Beach soccer had been played recreationally all over the world for many years and in many different formats. In 1992 the laws of the game were envisioned and a pilot event was staged by the founding partners of BSWW in Los Angeles. By 1993, the first professional beach soccer competition was organized at Miami Beach, with teams from the United States, Brazil and Italy taking part. In April 1994 the first event to be covered by network television transmissions was held on Copacabana Beach in Rio de Janeiro, the city hosted the first Beach Soccer World Championship in 1995.
The competition was won by the host nation, making Brazil the first-ever World Champions of Beach Soccer. The success of the tournament saw commercial interest begin to match developments on the field, growing demand for the sport around the world gave rise to the Pro Beach Soccer Tour in 1996; the first Pro Beach Soccer Tour included a total of 60 games in two years across South America, Europe and the United States, attracting major names both on and off the field. Interest generated by the tour in Europe led to the creation of the European Pro Beach Soccer League in 1998, providing a solid infrastructure that would increase the professionalism of the spectacle on all levels; the EPBSL, now known as the Euro BS League, brought promoters together from across the continent and satisfied the demands of the media and fans. Only four years on from its creation, the successful first step in the building of a legitimate worldwide competition structure for the sport of pro beach soccer had been taken.
Behind the scenes key developments were taking place, with the Beach Soccer Company relocating its headquarters to Europe, firstly to Monaco and Barcelona, before becoming Pro Beach Soccer, S. L. in April 2000. One year they would join forces with Octagon Koch Tavares, who had continued to organise the World Championships and events in South America, to form a single entity known as Beach Soccer Worldwide, with the aim of unifying all major Pro Beach Soccer tournaments in the world under the same structure and providing representation of the sport to major sponsors, the media and FIFA; the EPBSL was flourishing, a nail-biting 2000 season was decided in the closing match of the final tournament when Spain beat Portugal in an intense encounter. The Americas League took shape, with teams entered from North and South America, whilst the Pro Beach Soccer Tour extended its horizons to the United Arab Emirates, Mexico, Japan and the United Kingdom. FIFA became the global governing body of the sport in 2005, acknowledging BSWW's framework and organizing the first FIFA Beach Soccer World Cup.
The next four years would see this growth consolidated by further progress both on and off the field, with the EPBSL emerging as the strongest pro beach soccer competition in the world. By 2004, some seventeen nations had entered teams, with this number expected to rise to over stage events; such interest has allowed BSWW to strike major sponsorship deals with international companies including McDonald's, Coca-Cola and MasterCard, who stepped up their involvement in 2004 and are now title sponsors of the Euro BS League. Recognition has come from FIFA, who have cited BSWW as the major entity behind the creation and growth of Beach Soccer, forming a promising partnership, in its full splendour seen in the 2005 world cup, held in Copacabana Beach, Brazil. France won the next year Brazil won it at the same venue; the World Cup has continued to flourish with the first held outside Brazil in 2008, future World Cups spreading as far out as Tahiti in 2013 and Portugal in 2015As of 2017, FIFA and the continental confederations do not host women's beach soccer tournaments.
The Asian Beach Games, European Games and South American Beach Games do not have women's beach soccer tournaments. The rules of beach soccer are based on the Laws of the Game of association football, with several modifications. A beach soccer field is a level sandy area smaller than a regular football field; the field is cleared of pebbles and seashells, along wi