Blanchette Ferry Rockefeller
Blanchette Ferry Hooker was the wife of John D. Rockefeller III and mother of Jay Rockefeller, she was twice president of the Museum of Modern Art. Blanchette Ferry Hooker was born in Manhattan, New York on October 2, 1909, she was the daughter of Elon Huntington Hooker, founder of Hooker Chemical Company, his wife, Blanche Ferry. She graduated from Miss Chapin's School in 1927, she graduated from Vassar College in 1931 with a B. A. in music. On November 11, 1932, she married John D. Rockefeller III, a scion of the prominent Rockefeller family, at Riverside Church in New York City, they had four children: John Davison "Jay" Rockefeller IV Hope Aldrich Rockefeller Sandra Ferry Rockefeller Alida Ferry RockefellerBlanchette devoted her time to community service and the arts - in particular the collection of Asian and American art. "She had been active in the affairs of the Museum of Modern Art since 1949 and was elected a member of the Board of Trustees in December 1952. In 1958, at a time when many Americans derided modern art or thought it communist and subversive, Rockefeller lent her support to the International Program that helped send The New American Painting, the first major exhibition of Abstract Expressionism, to eight European cities."
In 1948, Blanchette Rockefeller commissioned a guest house by architect Philip Johnson. Located at 242 East 52nd Street next to the Turtle Bay Music School, it was one of the first residential buildings in New York City to reflect the influence of the Modern movement; the 1950 guest house was a place in which she could display her modern art collection and entertain friends. The Rockefellers donated the house to the Museum of Modern Art in 1955."Blanchette Rockefeller provided enlightened leadership to MoMA as president of the museum from 1972 through 1985. Two of her most important gifts were Willem de Kooning’s Woman II and Clyfford Still’s Painting, an Abstract-Expressionist landscape; the Abstract Expressionist galleries on the second floor are named in her honor. In 1979 Rockefeller accepted an Oscar on behalf of MoMA’s work in film."The Rockefellers maintained homes in New York City and at "Fieldwood Farm" in the expansive Rockefeller family estate of Pocantico (see Kykuit in Westchester County, New York.
She died in her home near Briarcliff Manor, New York of pneumonia, a complication of Alzheimer's Disease, on November 29, 1992, at the age of 83. Blanchette was buried at Sleepy Hollow, New York; the Blanchette Rockefeller Neurosciences Institute at West Virginia University in Morgantown, West Virginia is named in her honor. Rockefeller family John D. Rockefeller III Kykuit Blanchette H. Rockefeller Archives
Matriculation is the formal process of entering a university, or of becoming eligible to enter by fulfilling certain academic requirements such as a matriculation examination. In Australia, the term "Matriculation" is used; the state of New South Wales offered the School Certificate up until it was replaced by the RoSA in 2011. In the late 60s and early 70s all states replaced matriculation with either a certificate such as the Higher School Certificate, in Victoria and NSW, or a University entrance exam such as the Tertiary Entrance Exam in Western Australia; these have all been renamed as a State-based certificate, such as the Victorian Certificate of Education or the Western Australian Certificate of Education. In Bangladesh, the "Matriculation" is the Secondary School Examination taken at year 10, the Intermediate Exams is the Higher Secondary Examination taken at year 12. Bangladesh, like the rest of, still uses terms such as Matriculation Exams and Intermediate Exams taken from the days of the British Raj although in England itself these terms were replaced by'O' or Ordinary Level Examinations and'A' or Advanced Level Examinations respectively.
In Brazilian Portuguese, the word "matrícula" refers to the act of enrolling in an educational course, whether it be elementary, high school, college or post-graduate education. In Canada, the term is used by some older universities to refer to orientation events, however some universities, including University of King's College, still hold formal Matriculation ceremonies. Trinity College at the University of Toronto holds formal matriculation ceremonies, during which time incoming students are required to sign a matriculation register, making the practice the closest in format to that conducted by Oxford and Cambridge colleges of any university in North America; the ceremony at King's is quite similar to the matriculation ceremonies held in universities such as Oxford or Cambridge. In Ontario during the era with grade 13, satisfactory completion of grade 12 was considered junior matriculation and satisfactory completion of grade 13 was senior matriculation. In Nova Scotia, at the present time, Junior matriculation is grade 11 and senior matriculation is completion of grade 12.
At Charles University in Prague, the oldest and most prestigious university in the Czech Republic, matriculation is held at the Great Hall. The ceremony is attended by students commencing their studies, it is intended as a demonstration of the adoption of student's duties and obtaining of student's rights. The ceremony itself involves students taking the Matriculation Oath of the University and symbolically touching the Faculty mace and shaking the Dean's hand. Other Czech universities hold ceremonies similar to the one just described. In Denmark, the University of Copenhagen holds a matriculation ceremony each year; the ceremony is held in the Hall of Ceremony in the main building of the University. The ceremony begins with a procession with the rector and the deans in academic dress and other regalia; the ceremony continues with the rector listing the different faculties, after which the different student, shouts when their respective faculty is mentioned. The rector delivers a speech, after which the rector and the deans leave the ceremony again in procession, after which a party is held on university grounds, to mark the admission of the new students.
In Finland, Matriculation is the examination taken at the end of Secondary education to qualify for entry into University. The test constitutes the high school's final exam, in other words it is a high school graduation exam. Since 1919, the test has been arranged by the Matriculation Examination Board. Before that, the administration of the test was the responsibility of the University of Helsinki; the German term Immatrikulation describes the administrative process of enrolling at university as a student. This can happen for winter semester and, depending on the degree program for summer semester, it does not involve a ceremony. A prerequisite for matriculation is the Abitur, the standard matriculation examination in Germany, for regular universities and Fachhochschulreife for Fachhochschulen. Both Abitur and Fachhochschulreife are school leaving certificates which students receive after passing their final examinations at some types of German secondary schools. In Hong Kong, the term is used interchangeably with the completion of sixth-form.
After sitting for the Certificate of Education examinations, eligible students receive two years of sixth-form education, upon completion, they sit for the A-level examinations. Most secondary schools offer the sixth-form programme, there are a few sixth-form colleges. Students obtaining good grades in the A-level examinations will be admitted to a university; the education reforms of Hong Kong in the 2000s have replaced the fourth- and fifth-form education, which prepared students for the HKCEE, the sixth-form education with a three-year senior secondary education, which leads to the Hong Kong Diploma of Secondary Education Examination. The last sixth-form students graduated and took the A-level examinations in 2012. In India, it is a term used to refer to the final year of 10th class, which ends at tenth Board, the qualification received by passing the national board exams or the state board exams called "matriculation exams". India still uses terms such as Matriculation Exams and Intermediate
Laurance Spelman Rockefeller was an American businessman, financier and major conservationist. He was a prominent third-generation member of the Rockefeller family, being the fourth child of John Davison Rockefeller Jr. and Abigail Greene "Abby" Aldrich. His siblings were Abby, John III, Nelson and David. Rockefeller was born in New York City, he graduated from Princeton University and attended Harvard Law School for two years, until he decided he did not want to be a lawyer. On August 22, 1934, in Woodstock, Laurance married childhood friend Mary French, whose mother, Mary Montague Billings French, was a friend of Laurance's mother; when brother Nelson attended Dartmouth College, he shared a room with Mary's brother. Mary was granddaughter of a president of Northern Pacific Railway. Laurance and Mary had a son, they are Laura Rockefeller Chasin, Marion Rockefeller Weber, Dr. Lucy R. Waletzky, Larry Rockefeller, he had 12 great-grandchildren. In 1937, he inherited his grandfather's seat on the New York Stock Exchange.
He served as founding trustee of the Rockefeller Brothers Fund for forty-two years, from its inception in 1940 to 1982. He was a founding trustee of the Rockefeller Family Fund from 1967 to 1977, he was a leading figure in the pioneering field of venture capital, which began as a joint partnership with all five brothers and their only sister, Babs, in 1946. In 1969 this became the successful Venrock Associates, which provided important early funding for Intel and Apple Computer, amongst many other start-up technology companies, including many other firms involved in healthcare. Over the years his investment interests ranged into the fields of aerospace, high temperature physics, composite materials, lasers, data processing, thermionics and nuclear power. Venrock was a limited partnership investment company financed by members of the Rockefeller family and a number of the institutions with which the family had longstanding philanthropic ties, among them the Museum of Modern Art, Rockefeller University, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center.
Rockefeller's major interest was in aviation. Rockefeller had learned to fly, found Rickenbacker's vivid accounts of an approaching boom in commercial air travel to be persuasive. Within a decade after Rockefeller's considerable investment, Eastern Airlines had become the most profitable airline to emerge after World War II, he became its largest shareholder. He funded the pivotal post-WWII military contractor McDonnell Aircraft Corp. Rockefeller was a longtime friend and associate of DeWitt Wallace, who with his wife in 1922 co-founded Reader's Digest. Wallace, a major funder of the family's Colonial Williamsburg, appointed Laurance as an outside director in the company, he wanted to ensure that it preserved its patriotic mission of informing and educating the public, along with support for national parks, one of Rockefeller's primary interests. Through his resort management company, Inc. Rockefeller opened environmentally focused hotels at Caneel Bay on Saint John, United States Virgin Islands, some property of, turned over to the Virgin Islands National Park.
The last of these, the Mauna Kea Beach Hotel, was established in 1965 on the Kohala Coast of the island of Hawaii. Its most noted general manager was Adi Kohler, who wrote the story of the construction of the famous hotel in his book "Mr. Mauna Kea" published by McKenna Publishing Group. While sailing past Virgin Gorda, Rockefeller spotted an idyllic half-mile crescent bay with what he dubbed "wilderness beach". In 1958 planning and land acquisition began for; the resort opened in 1964 and on January 18, 2014 Little Dix Bay celebrated its 50th anniversary. In 1993, the resort became part of Rosewood Hotels & Resorts but remains true to Rockefeller's vision of natural harmony and balance while offering an escape from the ordinary. Rockefeller funded the Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center at a critical juncture of its early development, he funded William Irwin Thompson's Lindisfarne Association, a think tank and retreat. He had a major involvement in the New York Zoological Society, along with support from other family members and philanthropies.
In 1983, Laurance Rockefeller donated the primary funds to create The Mirror Theater Ltd, a New York-based theater company founded by Sabra Jones. The Mirror Theater Ltd is known for producing the 1983 Broadway play Alice in Wonderland at the Virginia Theatre and for the many plays performed by its Mirror Repertory Company. Rockefeller funded controversial research of the PEAR lab, dealing with consciousness-based physical phenomena. In life, Rockefeller became interested in UFOs. In 1993, along with his niece, Anne Bartley, the stepdaughter of Winthrop Rockefeller and the then-president of the Rockefeller Family Fund, he established the UFO Disclosure Initiative to the Clinton White House, they asked for all UFO information held by the government, including from the CIA and the US Air Force, to be declassified and released to the public. The first and most important test case where declassification had to ap
A dormitory is a building providing sleeping and residential quarters for large numbers of people such as boarding school, high school, college or university students. In some countries, it can refer to a room containing several beds accommodating people. Worldwide, dormitories are single sex, or sexes are accommodated on separate floors or in separate rooms in some cases, it is unusual for unrelated mixed sex occupancy of a bedroom except temporarily. Where this does occur, it is so remarkable; the terms "dorm" and "residence hall" are used interchangeably in the US. However, within the residence life community, the term "residence hall" is preferred. According to the University of Oregon, their facilities "provide not just a place to sleep, but opportunities for personal and educational growth. Trained Residence Life staff and Hall Government officers support this objective by creating engaging activities and programs in each hall or complex." In United Kingdom usage, the word dormitory means a room containing several beds accommodating unrelated people.
In the United Kingdom, this arrangement exists for pupils at a boarding school, travellers or military personnel, but is entirely unknown for university students. In United Kingdom usage, a building providing sleeping and residential quarters for large numbers of people is called a hall of residence, hostel or barracks. In the United Kingdom, halls of residence entirely have single occupancy rooms, are always mixed sex, with residents being allocated to adjacent rooms regardless of sex. Halls located away from university facilities sometimes have extra amenities such as a recreation room or bar; as with campus located residence halls, these off-campus halls also have Internet facilities, either through a network connection in each student room, a central computer cluster room, or Wi-Fi. Catered halls may charge for food through an termly subscription, they may contain basic kitchen facilities for student use outside catering hours. Most halls contain a laundry room; as of 2015 there was an expanding market for private luxury off-campus student residences which offered substantial amenities in both the United States and Britain in London.
Most colleges and universities provide single or multiple occupancy rooms for their students at a cost. These buildings consist of many such rooms, like an apartment building, the number of rooms varies quite from just a few to hundreds; the largest dormitory building is Bancroft Hall at the United States Naval Academy. Many colleges and universities no longer use the word "dormitory" and staff are now using the term residence hall or "hall" instead. Outside academia however, the word "dorm" or "dormitory" is used without negative connotations. Indeed, the words are used in the marketplace as well as in advertising. College and university residential rooms vary in size, shape and number of occupants. A United States residence hall room holds two students with no toilet; this is referred to as a "double". Residence halls have communal bathroom facilities. In the United States, residence halls are sometimes segregated by sex, with men living in one group of rooms, women in another; some dormitory complexes are single-sex with varying limits on visits by persons of each sex.
For example, the University of Notre Dame in Indiana has a long history of Parietals, or mixed visiting hours. Most colleges and universities offer coeducational dorms, where either men or women reside on separate floors but in the same building or where both sexes share a floor but with individual rooms being single-sex. In the early 2000s, dorms that allowed people of opposite sexes to share a room became available in some public universities; some colleges and university coeducational dormitories feature coeducational bathrooms. Most residence halls are much closer to campus than comparable private housing such as apartment buildings; this convenience is a major factor in the choice of where to live since living physically closer to classrooms is preferred for first-year students who may not be permitted to park vehicles on campus. Universities may therefore provide priority to first-year students when allocating this accommodation. In UK universities these buildings are called halls of residence, except at Oxford, Durham, York and Kent where the residential accommodation is incorporated in each college's complex of buildings, known as rooms.
Members of the college who live in its own buildings are said to be living in or living in college. The majority of bedrooms in UK halls are now single occupancy – offering the first chance at privacy for some young people who shared bedrooms with siblings at home. Kitchen facilities are shared, as are bathrooms in some halls, though more expensive en-suite rooms are available in some universities. Over the years, UK universities have been hit by considerable funding cuts as part of government austerity measures. This, in part, has led to an increase in the rental of student accommodation during the winter and summer vacation periods to house conference delegates and tourists at rates similar to those charged by upmarket hotels. Unfortu
James Stillman Rockefeller
James Stillman Rockefeller was a member of the prominent U. S. Rockefeller family, he won an Olympic rowing title for the United States became president of what became Citigroup. He was a trustee of the American Museum of Natural History and a member of the board of overseers of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, he was born on June 8, 1902, to William Goodsell Rockefeller and Elsie Stillman, daughter of James Stillman, in the Manhattan borough of New York City. He graduated from Yale University in 1924, where he was elected to Scroll and Key and Phi Beta Kappa, he was a member of Delta Kappa Epsilon. That same year Rockefeller captained a crew of Yale teammates, they won a gold medal in rowing at the 1924 Summer Olympics in France. Rockefeller appeared on the cover of Time magazine on July 7, 1924. Rockefeller returned from the Olympics and spent the next six years with the Wall Street banking firm of Brown Bros. & Co.. He joined the National City Bank in New York in 1930 and was president from 1952 to 1959 and chairman from 1959 to 1967.
He retired as chairman in 1967. During his tenure, the bank merged with the smaller First National Bank and took the name The First National City Bank of New York. Under each of his successors, the bank's name has changed: George S. Moore shortened it to "First National City Bank" and formed a holding company, First National City Corp. Under Walter B. Wriston these became "Citibank" and "Citicorp" respectively. Under John Reed the firm merged with Travelers Group to become Citigroup. During World War II, Rockefeller served in the Airborne Command. On April 15, 1925, he married grandniece of Andrew Carnegie. Nancy helped establish the Greenwich Maternal Health Center in 1935. Together, they had four children: James Stillman Rockefeller Jr., married to Liv Coucheron Torp, married to Thor Heyerdahl Nancy Sherlock Rockefeller, who married Barclay McFadden, Jr. After his death, she married Daniel Noyes Copp Andrew Carnegie Rockefeller, who married Jean Victoria Mackay Georgia Stillman Rockefeller, who married James Harden RoseRockefeller died on August 10, 2004, at the age of 102 in Greenwich, following a stroke.
He lived in Greenwich, Connecticut in a 19,000-square-foot brick Georgian mansion, built in 1929, with 11 bedrooms and 16 marble bathrooms on four levels. There are an elevator, an outdoor pool and English gardens, his house was resold again in 2009 for $23.9 million. In January 1937, he became the full owner of Long Valley Farm near Spring Lake in Cumberland County and Harnett County, North Carolina. At the time of his death, Rockefeller had four children, fourteen grandchildren, thirty-seven great-grandchildren, one great-great granddaughter. Rockefeller was America's oldest living Olympic champion, the earliest living cover subject of Time magazine. Time Magazine Cover July 7, 1924 Yale Olympic Rower Passes Away at 102
A philosopher is someone who practices philosophy. The term "philosopher" comes from the Ancient Greek, φιλόσοφος, meaning "lover of wisdom"; the coining of the term has been attributed to the Greek thinker Pythagoras. In the classical sense, a philosopher was someone who lived according to a certain way of life, focusing on resolving existential questions about the human condition, not someone who discourses upon theories or comments upon authors; these particular brands of philosophy are Hellenistic ones and those who most arduously commit themselves to this lifestyle may be considered philosophers. A philosopher is one who challenges what is thought to be common sense, doesn’t know when to stop asking questions, reexamines the old ways of thought. In a modern sense, a philosopher is an intellectual who has contributed in one or more branches of philosophy, such as aesthetics, epistemology, metaphysics, social theory, political philosophy. A philosopher may be one who worked in the humanities or other sciences which have since split from philosophy proper over the centuries, such as the arts, economics, psychology, anthropology and politics.
The separation of philosophy and science from theology began in Greece during the 6th century BC. Thales, an astronomer and mathematician, was considered by Aristotle to be the first philosopher of the Greek tradition. While Pythagoras coined the word, the first known elaboration on the topic was conducted by Plato. In his Symposium, he concludes. Therefore, the philosopher is one. Therefore, the philosopher in antiquity was one who lives in the constant pursuit of wisdom, living in accordance to that wisdom. Disagreements arose as to what living philosophically entailed; these disagreements gave rise to different Hellenistic schools of philosophy. In consequence, the ancient philosopher thought in a tradition; as the ancient world became schism by philosophical debate, the competition lay in living in a manner that would transform his whole way of living in the world. Among the last of these philosophers was Marcus Aurelius, regarded as a philosopher in the modern sense, but refused to call himself by such a title, since he had a duty to live as an emperor.
According to the Classicist Pierre Hadot, the modern conception of a philosopher and philosophy developed predominately through three changes: The first is the natural inclination of the philosophical mind. Philosophy is a tempting discipline which can carry away the individual in analyzing the universe and abstract theory; the second is the historical change through the Medieval era. With the rise of Christianity, the philosophical way of life was adopted by its theology. Thus, philosophy was divided between a way of life and the conceptual, logical and metaphysical materials to justify that way of life. Philosophy was the servant to theology; the third is the sociological need with the development of the university. The modern university requires professionals to teach. Maintaining itself requires teaching future professionals to replace the current faculty. Therefore, the discipline degrades into a technical language reserved for specialists eschewing its original conception as a way of life.
In the fourth century, the word philosopher began to designate a man or woman who led a monastic life. Gregory of Nyssa, for example, describes how his sister Macrina persuaded their mother to forsake "the distractions of material life" for a life of philosophy. During the Middle Ages, persons who engaged with alchemy was called a philosopher – thus, the Philosopher's Stone. Many philosophers still emerged from the Classical tradition, as saw their philosophy as a way of life. Among the most notable are René Descartes, Baruch Spinoza, Nicolas Malebranche, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz. With the rise of the university, the modern conception of philosophy became more prominent. Many of the esteemed philosophers of the eighteenth century and onward have attended and developed their works in university. Early examples include: Immanuel Kant, Johann Gottlieb Fichte, Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel. After these individuals, the Classical conception had all but died with the exceptions of Arthur Schopenhauer, Søren Kierkegaard, Friedrich Nietzsche.
The last considerable figure in philosophy to not have followed a strict and orthodox academic regime was Ludwig Wittgenstein. In the modern era, those attaining advanced degrees in philosophy choose to stay in careers within the educational system as part of the wider professionalisation process of the discipline in the 20th century. According to a 1993 study by the National Research Council, 77.1% of the 7,900 holders of a PhD in philosophy who responded were employed in educational institutions. Outside academia, philosophers may employ their writing and reasoning skills in other careers, such as medicine, business, free-lance writing and law; some known French social thinkers are Claude Henri Saint-Simon, Auguste Comte, Émile Durkheim. British social thought, with thinkers such as Herbert Spencer, addressed questions and ideas relating to political economy and social evolution; the political ideals of John Ruskin were a precursor of social economy. Important German philosophers and social thinkers included Immanuel Kant, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, Karl Marx, Max Weber, Georg Simmel, Martin Heidegger.
Important Chinese philosophers and social thinke
Margaret Dulany "Peggy" Rockefeller is an American heiress and philanthropist. Rockefeller was born in 1947, she is the fourth child of David Rockefeller and Margaret McGrath. and a fourth-generation member of the Rockefeller family. Her siblings are Abby, Neva and David Rockefeller Jr; the name Dulany is her middle name, taken from her mother's side of the family. Rockefeller graduated with honors in 1969 from Radcliffe College and earned a masters and doctorate from the Harvard Graduate School of Education. For most of that time she was a teacher as well as co-director of the STEP program for disadvantaged youth in Arlington, Massachusetts. Dulany has worked with the National Endowment for the Arts on nonprofit planning. For five years she served as Senior Vice President of the New York City Partnership, founded by her father in 1979, where she headed the Youth Employment and Education programs. Like her father, she has had a long involvement with the United Nations, she has been involved with consulting with the UN and the Ford Foundation on health care and family planning in Brazil, the US and Portugal.
In June, 2003, Dulany joined the UN Secretary-General's Panel on Civil Society and UN Relationships as the only US representative. The UN maintains the aim of the panel is to "review past and current practices and recommend improvements for the future in order to make the interaction between civil society and the United Nations more meaningful", she is Chair of ProVentures, a business development company for Latin America and Southern Africa. She sits on the boards of Cambridge College, the Africa-America Institute, supports the family's Asia Society, was on the board of the family's principal philanthropic organization, the Rockefeller Brothers Fund, as well as serving a five-year term on the board of trustees of the Rockefeller Foundation, she is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations in New York, whose Honorary Chairman is her father. Her most prominent public position is as founder and chair of the Synergos Institute, which she established in New York in 1986; the mission of the organization is to work together with its partners to "mobilize resources and bridge social and economic divides to reduce poverty and increase equity around the world".
Its most prominent public event, the "University for a Night", brings together senior leaders from government and civil society in a positive dialogue on inter-sector collaboration and problem solving. Synergos has throughout its history been involved with the United Nations. In attendance was the Secretary-General Kofi Annan, James Wolfensohn President of the World Bank, a close associate of the family; the Institute has received contributions from Fortune 500 companies, Unicef, a variety of private donors. Synergos has developed the "Global Philanthropists Circle" in 2010, a dynamic network of leading international philanthropists dedicated to eliminating poverty and increasing equity worldwide; the GPC has more than 100 member families from 30 countries, including South Africa, Brazil and the Philippines. In addition, in the 1980s and'90s, with support from the United Nations Development Programme and the Rockefeller Foundation, Synergos conducted research on partnership approaches to large-scale social problems in Africa and Asia.
Rockefeller was married to David Quattrone. They had one son, Michael Dulany Quattrone, who attended Northwestern University, married the actress Krista Smith in 2004 and has a house on the Rockefeller family estate Rockefeller family David Rockefeller John D. Rockefeller William Rockefeller Winthrop Rockefeller Winthrop Paul Rockefeller Kofi Annan United Nations Asia Society Ford Foundation Rockefeller Foundation Council on Foreign Relations Synergos Rockefeller, David. Memoirs. New York: Random House, 2002. Reform at the United Nations: Panel on Civil Society.