U.S. Route 67
U. S. Route 67 is a major north–south U. S. highway. The southern terminus of the route is at the United States-Mexico border in Presidio, where it continues south as Mexican Federal Highway 16 upon crossing the Rio Grande; the northern terminus is at U. S. Route 52 in Sabula, Iowa. US 67 crosses the Mississippi River twice along its routing; the first crossing is at West Alton, where US 67 uses the Clark Bridge to reach Alton, Illinois. About 240 miles to the north, US 67 crosses the river again at the Rock Island Centennial Bridge between Rock Island and Davenport, Iowa. Additionally, the route crosses the Missouri River via the Lewis Bridge a few miles southwest of the Clark Bridge. Throughout Texas, US 67 runs in a northeast–southwest manner violating the norms for numbering U. S. highways as odd-numbered routes are north–south in orientation, because prevailing north–south versus prevailing east–west designation is determined by the ultimate termini as the route traverses multiple states. US 67 is part of the La Entrada al Pacifico international trade corridor from its southern terminus to an intersection with U.
S. Route 385 in McCamey. Between Dallas and Weaver in eastern Hopkins County, the highway runs concurrently with Interstate 30, is unsigned between Dallas and Royse City. From Weaver east to the Arkansas state line in Texarkana, US 67 runs parallel to I-30. East of the Interstate 35E/Interstate 30 "mixmaster" in Downtown Dallas, U. S. Route 67 follows Interstate 30. West of the "mixmaster," U. S. 67 follows I-35E south through Oak Cliff. Along this portion, the Route 67 shield is alongside the Interstate shield. Just north of Kiest Boulevard, U. S. Route 67 breaks off from Interstate 35E and maintains controlled-access status down to Midlothian, where it becomes a four-lane divided highway to the western edge of Cleburne; the route from Alpine to San Angelo was a previous route of SH 99. Though it passes through the heart of the Ozarks, the highest elevation along US 67 is the last 150 miles between Fort Stockton and Presidio. Below Fort Stockton, US 67 passes near the Glass Mountains and the Sierra Del Norte range at 6810 ft. West of Alpine, US 67 passes near the Twin Sisters, Ranger Peak, Paisano Peak before going through Paisano Pass.
East of Marfa are views of Twin Mountains, Goat Mountain, Cathedral Peak, Cienega Mountain. The Puertacitas Mountains and the Davis Mountains can be seen from the Marfa Ghost Lights observatory to the north; the Davis Mountains are the highest elevation near US 67. Thirty miles south of Marfa, US 67 reaches its highest point at 5428 ft, with Chinatti Peak seen to the southwest. In Arkansas, US 67 runs parallel with Interstate 30 from Texarkana to Benton, where it runs concurrently with I-30 to North Little Rock, it runs on a freeway north to US 412 in Walnut Ridge, where the freeway ends and the road becomes a five-lane undivided highway to Pocahontas. After Pocahontas, the road returns to a two-lane alignment north to the state line. In 2009, a bill was introduced to rename the portion of US 67; the bill, by Rep. J. R. Rogers of Walnut Ridge, designates US 67 in Jackson and Randolph Counties as "Rock'n' Roll Highway 67." Besides Elvis Presley and Johnny Cash, the bill notes that Roy Orbison, Jerry Lee Lewis, Fats Domino played at clubs along that stretch of highway.
Going from south to north, US 67 enters Missouri at the Arkansas state line. About 10 miles north of the state line, it intersects US 160. At the southwest corner of Poplar Bluff, Business Route 67 goes into Poplar Bluff while US 67 bypasses Poplar Bluff to the west on a freeway-grade highway, it joins US 60 at the northwest corner of Poplar Bluff. Both 60 and 67 follow a four-lane route to an interchange about 6 miles northwest of Poplar Bluff, where US 60 heads west toward Springfield, while US 67 heads north to St. Louis. Construction is complete to divide the highway through Wayne and Butler Counties, including bypasses around Greenville and Cherokee Pass; the new divided highway opened on August 2011, with a ribbon-cutting ceremony. Additionally, MoDOT has extended the divided highway south to US 160 south of Poplar Bluff. From Fredericktown, US 67 passes through Farmington, where an existing interchange with Route 221 was converted to a diverging diamond interchange in September 2012. US 67 proceeds through Park Hills and Bonne Terre.
About 25 miles north of Bonne Terre, US 67 crosses Interstate 55 and enters Festus and Crystal City and picks up US 61. This becomes known as Truman Boulevard in Festus and Crystal City, Highway 61-67 from Herculaneum to Imperial, Jeffco Boulevard from Arnold until it exits Jefferson County and enters St. Louis County, over the Meramec River where it becomes Lemay Ferry Road; when US 67/61 reaches St. Louis County, It travels Lemay Ferry Road until it reaches Lindbergh Boulevard. There, it overlaps Lindbergh Boulevard. US 61 turns west onto I-64/US 40 West towards Wentzville. Lindbergh, named for aviator Charles Lindbergh, continues north through Frontenac, Creve Coeur, Maryland Heights, Bridgeton and Florissant until it reaches Lewis & Clark Boulevard. From there, it continues straight north to West Alton and crosses the Mississippi River on the Clark Bridge and enters Alton, Illinois; the only vehicular tunnel in Missouri is located on US 67 at St. Louis Lambert International Airport, where the road
Fort Worth, Texas
Fort Worth is a city in the U. S. state of Texas. It is fifth-largest city in Texas, it is the county seat of Tarrant County, covering nearly 350 square miles into four other counties: Denton, Johnson and Wise. According to the 2017 census estimates, Fort Worth's population is 874,168. Fort Worth is the second-largest city in the Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington metropolitan area, the 4th most populous metropolitan area in the United States; the city of Fort Worth was established in 1849 as an army outpost on a bluff overlooking the Trinity River. Fort Worth has been a center of the longhorn cattle trade, it still embraces traditional architecture and design. USS Fort Worth is the first ship of the United States Navy named after the city. Fort Worth is home to the Van Cliburn International Piano Competition and several world-class museums designed by internationally known contemporary architects; the Kimbell Art Museum, considered to have one of the best art collections in Texas, is housed in what is regarded as one of the outstanding architectural achievements of the modern era.
The museum was designed by the American architect Louis Kahn, with an addition designed by world-renowned Italian architect Renzo Piano opening November 2013. Of note is the Modern Art Museum of Fort Worth, designed by Tadao Ando; the Amon Carter Museum of American Art, designed by Philip Johnson, houses one of the world's most extensive collections of American art. The Sid Richardson Museum, redesigned by David M. Schwarz, has one of the most focused collections of Western art in the U. S. emphasizing Frederic Remington and Charles Russell. The Fort Worth Museum of Science and History, designed by famed architect Ricardo Legorreta of Mexico, engages the diverse Fort Worth community through creative, vibrant programs and exhibits; the city is stimulated by several university communities: Texas Christian University, Texas Wesleyan, University of North Texas Health Science Center, Texas A&M University School of Law, many multinational corporations, including Bell Helicopter, Lockheed Martin, American Airlines, BNSF Railway, Pier 1 Imports, XTO Energy and RadioShack.
The Treaty of Bird's Fort between the Republic of Texas and several Native American tribes was signed in 1843 at Bird's Fort in present-day Arlington, Texas. Article XI of the treaty provided that no one may "pass the line of trading houses" without permission of the President of Texas, may not reside or remain in the Indians' territory; these "trading houses" were established at the junction of the Clear Fork and West Fork of the Trinity River in present-day Fort Worth. At this river junction, the U. S. War Department established Fort Worth in 1849 as the northernmost of a system of 10 forts for protecting the American Frontier following the end of the Mexican–American War; the city of Fort Worth continues to be known as "where the West begins." A line of seven army posts were established in 1848–49 after the Mexican War to protect the settlers of Texas along the western American Frontier and included Fort Worth, Fort Graham, Fort Gates, Fort Croghan, Fort Martin Scott, Fort Lincoln, Fort Duncan.
10 forts had been proposed by Major General William Jenkins Worth, who commanded the Department of Texas in 1849. In January 1849, Worth proposed a line of 10 forts to mark the western Texas frontier from Eagle Pass to the confluence of the West Fork and Clear Fork of the Trinity River. One month Worth died from cholera in South Texas. General William S. Harney assumed command of the Department of Texas and ordered Major Ripley A. Arnold to find a new fort site near the West Clear Fork. On June 6, 1849, advised by Middleton Tate Johnson, established a camp on the bank of the Trinity River and named the post Camp Worth in honor of the late General Worth. In August 1849, Arnold moved the camp to the north-facing bluff, which overlooked the mouth of the Clear Fork of the Trinity River; the United States War Department named the post Fort Worth on November 14, 1849. Native American attacks were still a threat in the area, as this was their traditional territory and they resented encroachment by European-American settlers, but people from the United States set up homesteads near the fort.
E. S. Terrell from Tennessee claimed to be the first resident of Fort Worth; the fort was moved to the top of the bluff. The fort was abandoned September 17, 1853. No trace of it remains; as a stop on the legendary Chisholm Trail, Fort Worth was stimulated by the business of the cattle drives and became a brawling, bustling town. Millions of head of cattle were driven north to market along this trail. Fort Worth became the center of the cattle drives, the ranching industry, it was given the nickname of Cowtown. During the Civil War, Fort Worth suffered from shortages of money and supplies; the population began to recover during Reconstruction. By 1872, Jacob Samuels, William Jesse Boaz, William Henry Davis had opened general stores; the next year, Khleber M. Van Zandt established Tidball, Van Zandt, Company, which became Fort Worth National Bank in 1884. In 1875, the Dallas Herald published an article by a former Fort Worth lawyer, Robert E. Cowart, who wrote that the decimation of Fort Worth's population, caused by the economic disaster and hard winter of 1873, had dealt a severe blow to the cattle industry.
Added to the slowdown due to the railroad's stopping the laying of track 30 miles outside of Fort Worth, Cowart said that Fort Worth was so slow th
1930 United States Census
The Fifteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau one month from April 1, 1930, determined the resident population of the United States to be 122,775,046, an increase of 13.7 percent over the 106,021,537 persons enumerated during the 1920 Census. The 1930 Census collected the following information: address name relationship to head of family home owned or rented if owned, value of home if rented, monthly rent whether owned a radio set whether on a farm sex race age marital status and, if married, age at first marriage school attendance literacy birthplace of person, their parents if foreign born: language spoken at home before coming to the U. S. year of immigration whether naturalized ability to speak English occupation and class of worker whether at work previous day veteran status if Indian: whether of full or mixed blood tribal affiliationFull documentation for the 1930 census, including census forms and enumerator instructions, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series.
The original census enumeration sheets were microfilmed by the Census Bureau in 1949. The microfilmed census is located on 2,667 rolls of microfilm, available from the National Archives and Records Administration. Several organizations host images of the microfilmed census online, digital indices. Microdata from the 1930 census are available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. 1930 Census Questions Hosted at CensusFinder.com 1931 U. S Census Report Contains 1930 Census results Historic US Census data 1930Census.com: 1930 United States Census for Genealogy & Family History Research 1930 Interactive US Census Find stories and more attached to names on the 1930 US census
Richard Ellis (politician)
Richard Ellis was an American plantation owner and judge on the Fourth Circuit Court of Alabama. He was president of the Convention of 1836 that declared Texas' independence from Mexico and he signed the Texas Declaration of Independence. Ellis served in the Republic of Texas legislature. Ellis was born and raised in the tidewater region of Virginia, he was a member of Alabama’s Constitutional Convention in 1818 and an Associate Justice of the Alabama Supreme Court. Ellis settled in Mexican Texas in 1834, defying the ban on immigration by the Mexican government, establishing a plantation in what is now Bowie County. In 1836 he was unanimously elected president of the Texas constitutional convention that declared independence on March 2, 1836, he held the convention together for the additional seventeen days needed to draft Texas's constitution. He served the Republic of Texas as a Senator from 1836 to 1840 in the first four congresses. Ellis died in Bowie County in 1846, but in 1929, he and his wife, Mary West Dandridge were reinterred in the State Cemetery at Austin, Texas.
Ellis County, Texas, is named in his honor
United States Census Bureau
The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U. S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy; the Census Bureau is part of the U. S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States; the Census Bureau's primary mission is conducting the U. S. Census every ten years, which allocates the seats of the U. S. House of Representatives to the states based on their population; the Bureau's various censuses and surveys help allocate over $400 billion in federal funds every year and it helps states, local communities, businesses make informed decisions. The information provided by the census informs decisions on where to build and maintain schools, transportation infrastructure, police and fire departments. In addition to the decennial census, the Census Bureau continually conducts dozens of other censuses and surveys, including the American Community Survey, the U. S. Economic Census, the Current Population Survey.
Furthermore and foreign trade indicators released by the federal government contain data produced by the Census Bureau. Article One of the United States Constitution directs the population be enumerated at least once every ten years and the resulting counts used to set the number of members from each state in the House of Representatives and, by extension, in the Electoral College; the Census Bureau now conducts a full population count every 10 years in years ending with a zero and uses the term "decennial" to describe the operation. Between censuses, the Census Bureau makes population projections. In addition, Census data directly affects how more than $400 billion per year in federal and state funding is allocated to communities for neighborhood improvements, public health, education and more; the Census Bureau is mandated with fulfilling these obligations: the collecting of statistics about the nation, its people, economy. The Census Bureau's legal authority is codified in Title 13 of the United States Code.
The Census Bureau conducts surveys on behalf of various federal government and local government agencies on topics such as employment, health, consumer expenditures, housing. Within the bureau, these are known as "demographic surveys" and are conducted perpetually between and during decennial population counts; the Census Bureau conducts economic surveys of manufacturing, retail and other establishments and of domestic governments. Between 1790 and 1840, the census was taken by marshals of the judicial districts; the Census Act of 1840 established a central office. Several acts followed that revised and authorized new censuses at the 10-year intervals. In 1902, the temporary Census Office was moved under the Department of Interior, in 1903 it was renamed the Census Bureau under the new Department of Commerce and Labor; the department was intended to consolidate overlapping statistical agencies, but Census Bureau officials were hindered by their subordinate role in the department. An act in 1920 changed the date and authorized manufacturing censuses every two years and agriculture censuses every 10 years.
In 1929, a bill was passed mandating the House of Representatives be reapportioned based on the results of the 1930 Census. In 1954, various acts were codified into Title 13 of the US Code. By law, the Census Bureau must count everyone and submit state population totals to the U. S. President by December 31 of any year ending in a zero. States within the Union receive the results in the spring of the following year; the United States Census Bureau defines four statistical regions, with nine divisions. The Census Bureau regions are "widely used...for data collection and analysis". The Census Bureau definition is pervasive. Regional divisions used by the United States Census Bureau: Region 1: Northeast Division 1: New England Division 2: Mid-Atlantic Region 2: Midwest Division 3: East North Central Division 4: West North Central Region 3: South Division 5: South Atlantic Division 6: East South Central Division 7: West South Central Region 4: West Division 8: Mountain Division 9: Pacific Many federal, state and tribal governments use census data to: Decide the location of new housing and public facilities, Examine the demographic characteristics of communities and the US, Plan transportation systems and roadways, Determine quotas and creation of police and fire precincts, Create localized areas for elections, utilities, etc.
Gathers population information every 10 years The United States Census Bureau is committed to confidentiality, guarantees non-disclosure of any addresses or personal information related to individuals or establishments. Title 13 of the U. S. Code establishes penalties for the disclosure of this information. All Census employees must sign an affidavit of non-disclosure prior to employment; the Bureau cannot share responses, addresses or personal information with anyone including United States or foreign government
Tarrant County, Texas
Tarrant County is a county in the U. S. state of Texas. As of 2010, it had a population of 2,054,475, it is the 16th-most populous in the United States. Its county seat is Fort Worth. Tarrant County, one of 26 counties created out of the Peters Colony, was established in 1849 and organized the next year, it was named in honor of General Edward H. Tarrant of the Republic of Texas militia. Tarrant County is TX Metropolitan Statistical Area. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 902 square miles, of which 864 square miles is land and 39 square miles is water. Denton County Dallas County Ellis County Johnson County Parker County Wise County As of the 2015 Texas Population Estimate Program, the population of the county was 1,960,741: non-Hispanic whites 916,941; as of the census of 2010, there were 1,809,034 people. Tarrant County is the second most populous county in the Dallas-Ft. Worth Metropolitan Statistical Area; as of the census of 2000, there were 1,446,219 people, 533,864 households, 369,433 families residing in the county.
The population density was 1,675 people per square mile. There were 565,830 housing units at an average density of 655 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 71.23% White, 12.80% Black or African American, 0.57% Native American, 3.64% Asian, 0.16% Pacific Islander, 9.09% from other races, 2.51% from two or more races. 19.73% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 533,864 households out of which 36.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.60% were married couples living together, 12.20% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.80% were non-families. 24.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.90% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.22. As of the 2010 census, there were about 5.2 same-sex couples per 1,000 households in the county. In the county, the population was spread out with 28.10% under the age of 18, 10.00% from 18 to 24, 33.50% from 25 to 44, 20.10% from 45 to 64, 8.30% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.60 males. The median income for a household in the county was $46,179, the median income for a family was $54,068. Males had a median income of $38,486 versus $28,672 for females; the per capita income for the county was $22,548. About 8.00% of families and 10.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.80% of those under age 18 and 8.70% of those age 65 or over. Tarrant County, like all Texas counties, is governed by a Commissioners Court, which consists of the county judge, elected county-wide and presides over the full court, four commissioners, who are elected in each of the county's four precincts; the JPS Health Network operates health centers. Countywide law enforcement is provided by the Tarrant County Sheriff's Office and Tarrant County Constable's Office. All cities in the county provide their own police services, with three exceptions: Westlake contracts service from the Keller Police Department, Haslet and Edgecliff Village contract service from the Sheriff's Office.
DFW Airport, the Tarrant County Hospital District, the Tarrant Regional Water District provide their own police forces. Since the disbandment of the North Tarrant County Fire Department, no countywide firefighting services exist. Most cities operate their own ambulances, with Fort Worth being a notable exception - the city contracts paramedic apparatus from private entity Medstar. CareFlite air ambulance services operate from Harris Methodist Hospital in Fort Worth. Tarrant County is one of the largest Republican-leaning counties in the nation. Democrats are concentrated in several areas throughout the county: eastern Euless, Grand Prairie and eastern Arlington, portions of Fort Worth the area surrounding the Stockyards and Meacham Airport and eastern Fort Worth along I-35W, Forest Hill. Republicans are dominant in the rest of the county: rural areas and western Fort Worth and north of Loop 820, all suburban areas including Benbrook and western Arlington, Haltom City, Mid-Cities, the northern suburbs.
Since the late 20th century, residents of Tarrant County have supported Republican Party presidential candidates. Since 1952 the majority of voters supported the Republican presidential candidate in every election except 1964, when the county voted for Democrat Lyndon Johnson, a Texas native. In 2016, Donald Trump won the county with 51.7% of the vote, the worst showing for a Republican since Bob Dole in 1996, by a margin of 8.6%, the lowest since 1976. The first Republican elected to the State Senate from Tarrant County since Reconstruction was Betty Andujar in 1973; the county leans Republican in races for the United States Senate, but in the 2018 election, Democratic candidate Beto O'Rourke won it with a plurality. This was the first time a Democratic candidate won Tarrant County in a federal election since Lloyd Bentsen in his 1988 re-election bid for the Senate. O'Rourke is first statewide Democrat to win the county since Ann Richards in the 1990 gubernatorial election. Public schools in Texas are organized into inde
Navarro County, Texas
Navarro County is a county located in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 47,735, its county seat is Corsicana. The county is named for José Antonio Navarro, a Tejano leader in the Texas Revolution who signed the Texas Declaration of Independence. Navarro County comprises the Coriscana, TX Micropolitan Statistical Area, included in the Dallas-Fort Worth, TX Combined Statistical Area. Navarro County was formed from Robertson County in 1846. In 1860, after the election of Abraham Lincoln to the American presidency, Navarro County lowered the American flag at the courthouse in protest and instead hoisted the Texas flag. Thereafter early in 1861, some 450 Navarro County men enlisted in the new Confederate States Army. Two of the enlistees became outstanding officers, Roger O. Mills and Clinton M. Winkler, a Confederate colonel for whom Winkler County in far West Texas is named; the county commissioners appropriated funds for weapons and ammunition and for the support of the soldiers' families.
The Navarro Rifles constituted an 87-man Confederate infantry unit, formed in Corsicana in July 1861 from area volunteers. They were founded by all of whose four sons fought for the Confederacy. Clinton Winkler, a founder of Navarro County, served as the initial captain; the group trained near Dresden, Spring Hill, Waco and Harrisburg, Texas. The Navarro Rifles became Company I of the Fourth Texas Volunteer Infantry Regiment. In September 1861, the unit reached Virginia; the regiment was placed in the Texas Brigade under the command of General John Bell Hood. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,086 square miles, of which 1,010 square miles are land and 76 square miles are covered by water. Interstate 45 U. S. Highway 287 State Highway 14 State Highway 22 State Highway 31 State Highway 75 State Highway 309 Henderson County Freestone County Limestone County Hill County Ellis County As of the census of 2000, there were 45,124 people, 16,491 households, 11,906 families residing in the county.
The population density was 45 people per square mile. There were 18,449 housing units at an average density of 18 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 70.84% White, 16.79% Black or African American, 0.46% Native American, 0.47% Asian, 0.33% Pacific Islander, 9.45% from other races, 1.65% from two or more races. 15.76% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 16,491 households out of which 34.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.70% were married couples living together, 12.20% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.80% were non-families. 24.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.00% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.14. In the county, the population was spread out with 27.20% under the age of 18, 9.90% from 18 to 24, 26.90% from 25 to 44, 21.50% from 45 to 64, 14.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years.
For every 100 females there were 97.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.70 males. The median income for a household in the county was $31,268, the median income for a family was $38,130. Males had a median income of $30,112 versus $20,972 for females; the per capita income for the county was $15,266. About 13.90% of families and 18.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.10% of those under age 18 and 14.90% of those age 65 or over. Navarro County is listed as part of the Dallas-Fort Worth market area. Local media outlets include: KDFW-TV, KXAS-TV, WFAA-TV, KTVT-TV, KERA-TV, KTXA-TV, KDFI-TV, KDAF-TV, KFWD-TV; the area is located geographically close to the Waco metropolitan area. Meaning all of the Waco/Temple/Killeen market stations provide coverage for Navarro County, they include: KCEN-TV, KWTX-TV, KXXV-TV, KDYW, KWKT-TV. East Texas NBC affiliate KETK-TV from the Jacksonville/Tyler DMA provides coverage for Navarro County; the Corsicana Daily Sun serves as the area's newspaper.
Chatfield Emmett Montfort, Texas Purdon Pursley Rural Shade Pisgah National Register of Historic Places listings in Navarro County, Texas Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Navarro County Navarro County government's website Navarro County Office of Emergency Management website Navarro County in Handbook of Texas Online at the University of Texas Navarro County Genealogical Society