California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States. With 39.6 million residents, California is the most populous U. S. the third-largest by area. The state capital is Sacramento; the Greater Los Angeles Area and the San Francisco Bay Area are the nation's second and fifth most populous urban regions, with 18.7 million and 9.7 million residents respectively. Los Angeles is California's most populous city, the country's second most populous, after New York City. California has the nation's most populous county, Los Angeles County, its largest county by area, San Bernardino County; the City and County of San Francisco is both the country's second-most densely populated major city after New York City and the fifth-most densely populated county, behind only four of the five New York City boroughs. California's $3.0 trillion economy is larger than that of any other state, larger than those of Texas and Florida combined, the largest sub-national economy in the world. If it were a country, California would be the 5th largest economy in the world, the 36th most populous as of 2017.
The Greater Los Angeles Area and the San Francisco Bay Area are the nation's second- and third-largest urban economies, after the New York metropolitan area. The San Francisco Bay Area PSA had the nation's highest GDP per capita in 2017 among large PSAs, is home to three of the world's ten largest companies by market capitalization and four of the world's ten richest people. California is considered a global trendsetter in popular culture, innovation and politics, it is considered the origin of the American film industry, the hippie counterculture, fast food, the Internet, the personal computer, among others. The San Francisco Bay Area and the Greater Los Angeles Area are seen as global centers of the technology and entertainment industries, respectively. California has a diverse economy: 58% of the state's economy is centered on finance, real estate services and professional, scientific and technical business services. Although it accounts for only 1.5% of the state's economy, California's agriculture industry has the highest output of any U.
S. state. California is bordered by Oregon to the north and Arizona to the east, the Mexican state of Baja California to the south; the state's diverse geography ranges from the Pacific Coast in the west to the Sierra Nevada mountain range in the east, from the redwood–Douglas fir forests in the northwest to the Mojave Desert in the southeast. The Central Valley, a major agricultural area, dominates the state's center. Although California is well-known for its warm Mediterranean climate, the large size of the state results in climates that vary from moist temperate rainforest in the north to arid desert in the interior, as well as snowy alpine in the mountains. Over time and wildfires have become more pervasive features. What is now California was first settled by various Native Californian tribes before being explored by a number of European expeditions during the 16th and 17th centuries; the Spanish Empire claimed it as part of Alta California in their New Spain colony. The area became a part of Mexico in 1821 following its successful war for independence but was ceded to the United States in 1848 after the Mexican–American War.
The western portion of Alta California was organized and admitted as the 31st state on September 9, 1850. The California Gold Rush starting in 1848 led to dramatic social and demographic changes, with large-scale emigration from the east and abroad with an accompanying economic boom; the word California referred to the Baja California Peninsula of Mexico. The name derived from the mythical island California in the fictional story of Queen Calafia, as recorded in a 1510 work The Adventures of Esplandián by Garci Rodríguez de Montalvo; this work was the fifth in a popular Spanish chivalric romance series that began with Amadis de Gaula. Queen Calafia's kingdom was said to be a remote land rich in gold and pearls, inhabited by beautiful black women who wore gold armor and lived like Amazons, as well as griffins and other strange beasts. In the fictional paradise, the ruler Queen Calafia fought alongside Muslims and her name may have been chosen to echo the title of a Muslim leader, the Caliph. It's possible.
Know ye that at the right hand of the Indies there is an island called California close to that part of the Terrestrial Paradise, inhabited by black women without a single man among them, they lived in the manner of Amazons. They were robust of body with great virtue; the island itself is one of the wildest in the world on account of the craggy rocks. Shortened forms of the state's name include CA, Cal. Calif. and US-CA. Settled by successive waves of arrivals during the last 10,000 years, California was one of the most culturally and linguistically diverse areas in pre-Columbian North America. Various estimates of the native population range from 100,000 to 300,000; the Indigenous peoples of California included more than 70 distinct groups of Native Americans, ranging from large, settled populations living on the coast to groups in the interior. California groups were diverse in their political organization with bands, villages, on the resource-rich coasts, large chiefdoms, such as the Chumash and Salinan.
Trade, intermarriage a
Los Angeles the City of Los Angeles and known by its initials L. A. is the most populous city in California, the second most populous city in the United States, after New York City, the third most populous city in North America. With an estimated population of four million, Los Angeles is the cultural and commercial center of Southern California; the city is known for its Mediterranean climate, ethnic diversity and the entertainment industry, its sprawling metropolis. Los Angeles is the largest city on the West Coast of North America. Los Angeles is in a large basin bounded by the Pacific Ocean on one side and by mountains as high as 10,000 feet on the other; the city proper, which covers about 469 square miles, is the seat of Los Angeles County, the most populated county in the country. Los Angeles is the principal city of the Los Angeles metropolitan area, the second largest in the United States after that of New York City, with a population of 13.1 million. It is part of the Los Angeles-Long Beach combined statistical area the nation's second most populous area with a 2015 estimated population of 18.7 million.
Los Angeles is one of the most substantial economic engines within the United States, with a diverse economy in a broad range of professional and cultural fields. Los Angeles is famous as the home of Hollywood, a major center of the world entertainment industry. A global city, it has been ranked 6th in the Global Cities Index and 9th in the Global Economic Power Index; the Los Angeles metropolitan area has a gross metropolitan product of $1.044 trillion, making it the third-largest in the world, after the Tokyo and New York metropolitan areas. Los Angeles hosted the 1932 and 1984 Summer Olympics and will host the event for a third time in 2028; the city hosted the Miss Universe pageant twice, in 1990 and 2006, was one of 9 American cities to host the 1994 FIFA men's soccer World Cup and one of 8 to host the 1999 FIFA women's soccer World Cup, hosting the final match for both tournaments. Home to the Chumash and Tongva, Los Angeles was claimed by Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo for Spain in 1542 along with the rest of what would become Alta California.
The city was founded on September 4, 1781, by Spanish governor Felipe de Neve. It became a part of Mexico in 1821 following the Mexican War of Independence. In 1848, at the end of the Mexican–American War, Los Angeles and the rest of California were purchased as part of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, becoming part of the United States. Los Angeles was incorporated as a municipality on April 4, 1850, five months before California achieved statehood; the discovery of oil in the 1890s brought rapid growth to the city. The completion of the Los Angeles Aqueduct in 1913, delivering water from Eastern California assured the city's continued rapid growth; the Los Angeles coastal area was settled by the Chumash tribes. A Gabrieleño settlement in the area was called iyáangẚ, meaning "poison oak place". Maritime explorer Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo claimed the area of southern California for the Spanish Empire in 1542 while on an official military exploring expedition moving north along the Pacific coast from earlier colonizing bases of New Spain in Central and South America.
Gaspar de Portolà and Franciscan missionary Juan Crespí, reached the present site of Los Angeles on August 2, 1769. In 1771, Franciscan friar Junípero Serra directed the building of the Mission San Gabriel Arcángel, the first mission in the area. On September 4, 1781, a group of forty-four settlers known as "Los Pobladores" founded the pueblo they called El Pueblo de Nuestra Señora la Reina de los Ángeles,'The Town of Our Lady the Queen of the Angels'; the present-day city has the largest Roman Catholic Archdiocese in the United States. Two-thirds of the Mexican or settlers were mestizo or mulatto, a mixture of African and European ancestry; the settlement remained a small ranch town for decades, but by 1820, the population had increased to about 650 residents. Today, the pueblo is commemorated in the historic district of Los Angeles Pueblo Plaza and Olvera Street, the oldest part of Los Angeles. New Spain achieved its independence from the Spanish Empire in 1821, the pueblo continued as a part of Mexico.
During Mexican rule, Governor Pío Pico made Los Angeles Alta California's regional capital. Mexican rule ended during the Mexican–American War: Americans took control from the Californios after a series of battles, culminating with the signing of the Treaty of Cahuenga on January 13, 1847. Railroads arrived with the completion of the transcontinental Southern Pacific line to Los Angeles in 1876 and the Santa Fe Railroad in 1885. Petroleum was discovered in the city and surrounding area in 1892, by 1923, the discoveries had helped California become the country's largest oil producer, accounting for about one-quarter of the world's petroleum output. By 1900, the population had grown to more than 102,000; the completion of the Los Angeles Aqueduct in 1913, under the supervision of William Mulholland, assured the continued growth of the city. Due to clauses in the city's charter that prevented the City of Los Angeles from selling or providing water from the aqueduct to any area outside its borders, many adjacent city and communities became compelled to annex themselves into Los Angeles.
Los Angeles created the first municipal zoning ordinance in the United States. On September 14, 1908, the Los Angeles City Council promulgated residential and industrial land use zones; the new ordinance established three residential zones of a single type, where industrial uses were
79th United States Congress
The Seventy-ninth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from January 3, 1945, to January 3, 1947, during the last months of Franklin D. Roosevelt's presidency, the first two years of Harry Truman's presidency; the apportionment of seats in this House of Representatives was based on the Sixteenth Census of the United States in 1940. Both chambers had a Democratic majority. January 20, 1945: President Franklin D. Roosevelt began his fourth term. April 12, 1945: President Roosevelt died, Vice President Harry S. Truman became President of the United States. September 2, 1945: World War II ended. September 11, 1945–June 20, 1946: Joint Committee on the Investigation of the Pearl Harbor Attack conducted its investigation and issued a report. November 6, 1946: United States Senate elections, 1946, United States House of Representatives elections, 1946: Republicans gained control of both houses.
January 3, 1947: Proceedings of the U. S. Congress were televised for the first time. March 9, 1945: McCarran-Ferguson Act July 31, 1945: Bretton Woods Agreements Act, Pub. L. 79–171 July 31, 1945: Export-Import Bank Act of 1945 December 20, 1945: United Nations Participation Act December 28, 1945: War Brides Act February 18, 1946: Rescission Act of 1946, Pub. L. 79–301 February 20, 1946: Employment Act, Pub. L. 79–304, ch. 33, 60 Stat. 23 May 13, 1946: Federal Airport Act of 1946, Pub. L. 79–377 June 4, 1946: Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act, ch. 281, 60 Stat. 230 June 11, 1946: Administrative Procedure Act, ch. 324, 60 Stat. 237 July 2, 1946: Luce-Celler Act of 1946 July 3, 1946: Hobbs Anti-Racketeering Act, ch. 537, 60 Stat. 420 July 5, 1946: Lanham Trademark Act of 1946 August 1, 1946: United States Atomic Energy Act of 1946, ch. 724, 60 Stat. 755 August 2, 1946: Legislative Reorganization Act of 1946 August 2, 1946: Federal Tort Claims Act, ch. 753, title IV, 60 Stat. 842 August 2, 1946: Federal Regulation of Lobbying Act of 1946 August 13, 1946: Foreign Service Act, ch.
957, titles I–X, 60 Stat. 999 August 13, 1946: Hospital Survey and Construction Act, Pub. L. 79–725, ch. 958, 60 Stat. 1040 August 14, 1946: Farmers Home Administration Act, ch. 964, 60 Stat. 1062 December 4, 1945: Senate approved the entry of the United States into the United Nations July 4, 1946: The United States ratified the Treaty of Manila, which gave independence to The Philippines President: Henry A. Wallace, until - January 20, 1945 Harry S. Truman, January 20, 1945 – April 12, 1945. Majority whip: Lister Hill Minority whip: Kenneth Wherry, elected 1944 Speaker: Sam Rayburn Majority leader: John William McCormack Minority leader: Joseph William Martin, Jr. Majority whip: John J. Sparkman Minority whip: Leslie C. Arends Senators are popularly elected statewide every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election, In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term ended with this Congress, facing re-election in 1946.
The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers. The count below reflects changes from the beginning of this Congress. Lists of committees and their party leaders, for members of the committees and their assignments, go into the Official Congressional Directory at the bottom of the article and click on the link, in the directory after the pages of terms of service, you will see the committees of the Senate and Joint and after the committee pages, you will see the House/Senate committee assignments in the directory, on the committees section of the House and Senate in the Official Congressional Directory, the committee's members on the first row on the left side shows the chairman of the committee and on the right side shows the ranking member of the committee. Atomic Energy Conditions of Indian Tribes Disposition of Executive Papers Investigation of the Pearl Harbor Attack Legislative Budget The Library Organization of Congress Reduction of Nonessential Federal Expenditures Selective Service Deferments Taxation Democratic Democratic Architect of the Capitol: David Lynn Attending Physician of the United States Congress: George Calver Comptroller General of the United States: Lindsay C. Warren Librarian of Congress: Luther H. Evans Public Printer of the United States: Augustus E. Giegengack Chaplain: Frederick Brown Harris Parliamentarian: Charles Watkins Secretary: Edwin A. Halsey, Leslie Biffle Sergeant at Arms: Wall Doxey Chaplain: James Shera Montgomery Clerk: South Trimble Parliamentarian: Lewis Deschler Postmaster: Finis E. Scott Reading Clerks: N/A and N/A Sergeant at Arms: Kenneth Romney United States elections, 1944 United States presidential election, 1944 United States Senate elections, 1944 United States House of Representatives elections, 1944 United States elections, 1946 United States Senate elections, 1946 United States House of Representatives elections, 1946 Clerk of the House of Representatives House of Representatives Session Calendar for the 79th Congress.
Sacramento is the capital city of the U. S. state of California and the seat of Sacramento County. Located at the confluence of the Sacramento River and the American River in Northern California's Sacramento Valley, Sacramento's estimated 2018 population of 501,334 makes it the sixth-largest city in California and the ninth largest capital in the United States. Sacramento is the seat of the California Assembly, the Governor of California, Supreme Court of California, making it the state's political center and a hub for lobbying and think tanks. Sacramento is the cultural and economic core of the Sacramento metropolitan area, which had 2010 population of 2,414,783, making it the fifth largest in California. Sacramento is the fastest-growing major city in California, owing to its status as a notable financial center on the West Coast and as a major educational hub, home of Sacramento State University and University of California, Davis. Sacramento is a major center for the California healthcare industry, as the seat of Sutter Health, the world-renowned UC Davis Medical Center, the UC Davis School of Medicine, notable tourist destination in California, as the site of The California Museum, the Crocker Art Museum, California Hall of Fame, the California State Capitol Museum, the Old Sacramento State Historic Park.
Sacramento is known for its evolving contemporary culture, dubbed the most "hipster city" in California. In 2002, the Harvard University Civil Rights Project conducted for Time magazine named Sacramento "America's Most Diverse City". Before the arrival of the Spanish, the area was inhabited by the Nisenan people indigenous peoples of California. Spanish cavalryman Gabriel Moraga surveyed and named the Rio del Santísimo Sacramento in 1808, after the Blessed Sacrament, referring to the Eucharist in the Catholic Church. In 1839, Juan Bautista Alvarado, Mexican governor of Alta California granted the responsibility of colonizing the Sacramento Valley to Swiss-born, Mexican citizen John Augustus Sutter, who subsequently established Sutter's Fort and the settlement at the Rancho Nueva Helvetia. Following the American Conquest of California and the 1848 Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo, the waterfront developed by Sutter began to be developed and incorporated in 1850 as the City of Sacramento; as a result of the California Gold Rush, Sacramento became a major commercial center and distribution point for Northern California, serving as the terminus for the Pony Express and the First Transcontinental Railroad.
Nisenan and Plains Miwok Native Americans had lived in the area for thousands of years. Unlike the settlers who would make Sacramento their home, these Native Americans left little evidence of their existence. Traditionally, their diet was dominated by acorns taken from the plentiful oak trees in the region, by fruits, bulbs and roots gathered throughout the year. In 1808, the Spanish explorer Gabriel Moraga discovered and named the Sacramento Valley and the Sacramento River. A Spanish writer with the Moraga expedition wrote: "Canopies of oaks and cottonwoods, many festooned with grapevines, overhung both sides of the blue current. Birds chattered in the trees and big fish darted through the pellucid depths; the air was like champagne, drank deep of it, drank in the beauty around them. "¡Es como el sagrado sacramento!" The valley and the river were christened after the "Most Holy Sacrament of the Body and Blood of Christ", referring to the Catholic sacrament of the Eucharist. John Sutter Sr. first arrived in the area on August 13, 1839, at the divergence of the American and Sacramento Rivers with a Mexican land grant of 50,000 acres.
The next year, he and his party established Sutter's Fort, a massive adobe structure with walls eighteen feet high and three feet thick. Representing Mexico, Sutter Sr. called his colony New Helvetia, a Swiss inspired name, was the political authority and dispenser of justice in the new settlement. Soon, the colony began to grow as more pioneers headed west. Within just a few short years, Sutter Sr. had become a grand success, owning a ten-acre orchard and a herd of thirteen thousand cattle. Fort Sutter became a regular stop for the increasing number of immigrants coming through the valley. In 1847 Sutter Sr. received 2,000 fruit trees, which started the agriculture industry in the Sacramento Valley. That same year, Sutter Sr. hired James Marshall to build a sawmill so that he could continue to expand his empire, unbeknownst to many, Sutter Sr.'s "empire" had been built on some thin margins of credit. In 1848, when gold was discovered by James W. Marshall at Sutter's Mill in Coloma, a large number of gold-seekers came to the area, increasing the population.
In August 1848 Sutter Sr.'s son, John Sutter Jr. arrived in the area to assist his father in relieving his indebtedness. Now compounding the problem of his father's indebtedness, was the additional strain placed on the Sutters by the ongoing arrival of thousands of new gold miners and prospectors in the area, many quite content to squat on unwatched portions of the vast Sutter lands, or to abscond with various unattended Sutter properties or belongings if they could. In Sutter's case, rather than being a'boon' for Sutter, his employee's discovery of gold in the area turned out to be more of a personal'bane' for him. By December 1848, John Sutter Jr. in association with Sam Brannan, began laying out the City of Sacramento, 2 miles south of his father's settlement of New Helvetia. This venture was undertaken against the wishes of Sutter Sr. however the father, being in debt, was in no position to stop the venture. For
Gilmore Stadium was a multi-purpose stadium in Los Angeles, California. It was opened in May 1934 and demolished in 1952, when the land was used to build CBS Television City; the stadium held 18,000. It was located next to Gilmore Field; the stadium was located west of Curson Avenue, surrounded by Beverly Boulevard, Fairfax Avenue and Third Street. The stadium was built by Earl Gilmore, son of Arthur F. Gilmore and president of A. F. Gilmore Oil, a California-based petroleum company, developed after Arthur struck oil on the family property; the area was rich in petroleum, the source of the "tar" in the nearby La Brea Tar Pits. It was used for American football games at both the collegiate level; the stadium was the home of the Los Angeles Bulldogs, the first professional football team in Los Angeles. The Bulldogs competed as an independent team before joining the second American Football League in 1937 and winning its championship with a perfect 8–0–0 record, the first professional football team to win its championship with an unblemished record.
After the collapse of the league, the Bulldogs returned to being an independent team before joining the American Professional Football Association in 1939. The Bulldogs became charter members of the Pacific Coast Professional Football League in 1940 and played in Gilmore Stadium until 1948, when the team moved to Long Beach, for its final season; the stadium was home to another professional football teams, the Los Angeles Mustangs of the Pacific Coast Professional Football League. Gilmore Stadium was the site of two 1940 National Football League Pro Bowls; the stadium was home to the collegiate Loyola Marymount Lions football team and Pepperdine Waves football team. On January 14, 1940, the 1939 NFL champion Green Bay Packers met an All-Star team consisting of players from the nine other NFL clubs in the second NFL All-Star game in history; the Packers won 16–7. Extra seating was added to accommodate 21,000 fans for the Pro Bowl for the 1940 NFL season; the crowd set a record as the largest to view a Los Angeles pro game.
The event was held on December 29, 1940. The game pitted the 1940 NFL Champion Chicago Bears against an All-Star team from the other NFL clubs in the third NFL All-Star game; the Bears won 28–14. The Hollywood Stars of the Pacific Coast League played here early in the in 1939 season, while awaiting completion of Gilmore Field's construction; the diamond was situated in the southwest "corner" of the stadium, with right field so close that baseballs hit over the fence in that area were ground-rule doubles. While the first modern-day midget car racing program took place at Hughes Stadium in Sacramento, California in June 1933, Loyola Stadium became the starting point in Southern California in August 1933, Gilmore Stadium is billed as the first track purposely built for the new style of racing; the track hosted midget car racing from the track's debut in May 1934 to 1950. The 1939 Turkey Night Grand Prix was held at the track. Rodger Ward drove Vic Edelbrock's midget car in a famous August 1950 event at Gilmore Stadium.
Ward shocked the racing world by breaking Offenhauser engine's winning streak by sweeping the events at Gilmore Stadium that night. Notable drivers that raced at the track include Bill Betteridge, Fred Friday, Walt Faulkner, Perry Grimm, Sam Hanks, Curly Mills, Danny Oakes, Roy Russing, Bob Swanson, Bill Vukovich, Rodger Ward, Karl Young. Drivers that were killed at the track include Ed Haddad, Swede Lindskog, Speedy Lockwood, Frankie Lyons, Chet Mortemore. In the sixteen years of the stadium's existence, over 5 million fans attended races at the track; the stadium drew crowds over 18,000 people each race. Attendance dropped to below 9,000 at normal weekly races by the late 1940s; the attendance drop and increased demand for property in West Hollywood led to the track's sale in 1950. It was torn down in 1951; some of its grandstand was installed at Saugus Speedway. It hosted donkey baseball, dog shows, at least one cricket match. Esther Williams performed in a water ballet performance. A temporary above ground pool was constructed for the event.
Several professional boxing title matches. U. S. President Harry S. Truman delivered his "stiff upper lip" speech in the stadium. Gilmore Stadium was featured in a 1934 Three Stooges short featuring a football game, fittingly titled Three Little Pigskins; the scoreboard, with the name of the stadium, appears prominently in several shots, as does a billboard advertising Gilmore products. A sign for the nearby Fairfax Theater, across Beverly Boulevard at the north end of the stadium, is visible in the background a couple of times. On May 19, 1947, Gilmore Stadium was packed with people waiting to hear a speech by Progressive Party candidate for President Henry A. Wallace. Wallace served as vice president under FDR and was the Secretary of Agriculture and Secretary of Commerce. Speaking at the event was actress Katharine Hepburn, whose speech stole the show. Colorized postcard of Gilmore Stadium, Gilmore Field, Pan Pacific Auditorium and Farmers Market A collection of pictures of Gilmore Stadiums various usages
Yuba City, California
Yuba City is a city in Northern California and the county seat of Sutter County, United States. The population was 64,925 at the 2010 census. Yuba City is the principal city of the Yuba City Metropolitan Statistical Area which encompasses all of Sutter County and Yuba County; the metro area's population is 164,138. It is the 21st largest metropolitan area in California ranked behind Chico, its metropolitan statistical area is part of the Greater Sacramento CSA. The Maidu people were settled in the region when they were first encountered by Spanish and Mexican scouting expeditions in the early 18th century. One version of the origin of the name "Yuba" is that during one of these expeditions, wild grapes were seen growing by a river, so it was named "Uba", a variant spelling of the Spanish word uva; the Mexican government granted a large expanse of land which included the area in which Yuba City is situated to John Sutter, the same John Sutter upon whose land gold was subsequently discovered in 1848.
He sold part of this tract to some enterprising men who wished to establish a town near the confluence of the Yuba River and the Feather River, tributaries of the Sacramento River, with an eye to developing a commercial center catering to the thousands of gold miners headed upstream to the gold fields. At the same time, another town was developing on the eastern bank of the Feather River, the beginnings of what would become Marysville. By 1852, Yuba City was a steamboat landing, had one hotel, a grocery store, a post office, 20 dwelling homes with a population of about 150. Yuba City was chosen as county seat for Sutter County in 1854; the same year, voters decided that Nicolaus would be a better location, the county seat was moved there. County voters returned to their first choice of Yuba City two years in 1856, it has remained the county seat since. Yuba City saw its first major influx of population after World War II, pushing residential areas west and south from the city's original center.
Orchards were turned into residential areas as new homes were built for people migrating to the city. In December 1955, a series of storms dropped torrential rain throughout northern California; the deluge caused all the rivers in the region to break through levees. The Christmas Eve levee break at Yuba City was disastrous, with 38 people losing their lives, heavy damage occurring in the downtown section. According to Dick Brandt, manager of the Yuba County airport in 1955, between 550 and 600 Sutter County residents were rescued from the floodwater by helicopter. On March 14, 1961, a Boeing B-52 Stratofortress carrying nuclear weapons, flying near Yuba City encountered a pressurization problem, had to drop to a lower altitude; because of this, more fuel than expected was used, the aircraft ran out of fuel. It crashed before meeting with a tanker aircraft; the pilot gave the bailout command, the crew egressed at 10,000 ft, except for the pilot, who ejected at 4,000 ft, while avoiding a populated area.
The aircraft was destroyed. The weapons, two Mark 39 thermonuclear bombs were destroyed on impact though no explosion took place, there was no release of radioactive material as a result. On May 21, 1976, a school bus carrying members of the Yuba City High School's choir to a performance at Miramonte High School in Orinda, California plunged 28 feet off the exit ramp on I-680 at Marina Vista Road in Martinez, California. Twenty-seven students and one adult chaperone died and twenty-three students were injured. On February 24, 1978, five young men from Yuba City, called Gary Dale Mathias, Jack Madruga, Jackie Huett, Theodore Weiher and William Sterling, aged between 24 and 32 years, disappeared under mysterious circumstances, they went to a basketball game in Chico and on their way back drove up to a mountain road away from the main road back to Yuba, where their car had been found undamaged and with enough gas to drive back to Yuba City. Four of the men were found in and near a trailer on June 4 of the same year.
Ted Weiher was found inside the trailer, covered in blankets. Inside the trailer there was enough food to supply all five men for about a year, enough paper and wood to light a fire, but nothing was used this way; the corpses and bones of three of the other men were found outside the trailer, but Gary Mathias was never found. Yuba City has been home to a significant Muslim population, including Pakistani Americans descended from c. 1902 immigrants. In 1994 the Muslim community completed a mosque that cost an estimated $1.8 million and many hours of donated work. Soon after, the mosque was destroyed by an act of arson, the first time that a mosque was destroyed in the United States; the mosque was rebuilt with help of Sikhs, Mormons and other groups. The story is told in the 2012 documentary An American Mosque. Yuba City is located at 121 ° 37' 34" West. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 14.7 square miles, of which, 14.6 square miles of it is land and 0.1 square miles of it is water.
The total area is 0.53% water. The Yuba City area is situated in the Sacramento Valley, it is home to the Sutter Buttes, the smallest mountain range in the world. The Feather River borders the city to the east and the area is sometimes referred to as the "Feather River Valley", which divides the city from its neighbor Marysville. Yuba City has a hot-summer mediterranean climate which consists of cool, wet winters
David C. Broderick
David Colbreth Broderick was an attorney and politician, elected by the legislature as Democratic U. S. Senator from California. Born in Washington, DC, to Irish immigrant parents, he lived in New York until moving to California during the Gold Rush, he was a first cousin of Case Broderick of Kansas. Broderick was born in 1820 in Washington, D. C. on East Capitol Street just west of 3rd Street. He was the son of his wife, his father had come to the United States. In 1823 Broderick moved with his parents to New York City. There he was apprenticed to a stonecutter. Broderick became active in politics as a young man. In 1846, he was the Democratic candidate for U. S. Representative from New York's 5th congressional district, but lost the election to the Whig candidate, who gained 42% of the vote to Broderick's 38%. In 1849, Broderick joined the California Gold Rush, he moved to San Francisco, where he engaged in assaying gold. Broderick minted gold coins, his $10 coins, for example, contained $8 in gold. He used the profits to finance his political aspirations.
Broderick was a member of the California State Senate from 1850 to 1852, serving as its president from 1851 to 1852. Broderick was acting Lieutenant Governor from January 9, 1851 to January 8, 1852, following incumbent John McDougall's succession to the governorship. From on, Broderick had political control of San Francisco, which under his "utterly vicious" rule soon became notorious for municipal corruption. In the words of his biographer Jeremiah Lynch: In San Francisco he became the dictator of the municipality, his political lessons and observations in New York were priceless. He introduced a modification of the same organization in San Francisco with which Tammany has controlled New York for lo! these many years. It was this. At a forthcoming election a number of offices were to be filled. Several of these positions were lucrative, notably that of the sheriff, tax-collector, assessor; the incumbents received no specified salaries, but were entitled to all or a certain proportion of the fees.
These fees exceeded $50,000 per annum. Broderick would say to the most popular or the most desirable aspirant:'This office is worth $50,000 a year. Keep half and give me the other half, which I require to keep up our organization in the state. Without intelligent, systematic discipline, neither you nor I can win, our opponents will conquer, unless I have money enough to pay the men whom I may find necessary. If you agree to that arrangement, I will have you nominated when the convention assembles, we will all pull together until after the election.' This candidate dissented, but someone else consented, as the town was hugely Democratic, his selections were victorious. Broderick became rich from this system. In 1856 Broderick was elected by the state legislature for a seat as US Senator from California. Broderick began his term on March 4, 1857. At that time, just prior to the start of the American Civil War, the Democratic Party of California was divided between pro-slavery and "Free Soil" factions.
Broderick led the Free Soilers. One of his closest friends was David S. Terry the Chief Justice of the California State Supreme Court, he advocated extending slavery into California. Terry lost his re-election bid because of his pro-slavery platform, he blamed Broderick for the loss. Terry, considered by his friends as caustic and aggressive, made some inflammatory remarks at a party convention in Sacramento, which Broderick read, he took offense, sent Terry an vitriolic reply, describing: Terry to be a "damned miserable wretch", as corrupt as President James Buchanan and William Gwin, California's other senator. "I have hitherto spoken of him as an honest man—as the only honest man on the bench of a miserable, corrupt Supreme Court—but now I find I was mistaken. I take it all back, he is just as bad as the others." Passions escalated. The pistols chosen for the duel had hair triggers, Broderick's discharged prior to the final "1-2-3" count, firing prematurely into the ground, thus disarmed, he was forced to stand.
Terry at first believed the shot to be only a flesh wound. Broderick died three days and was buried under a monument erected by the state in Lone Mountain Cemetery in San Francisco. In 1942 he was reinterred at Cypress Lawn Memorial Park in Colma. Edward Dickinson Baker, a close friend of Abraham Lincoln, spoke at Broderick's funeral, he expressed the held belief that Broderick was killed because of his anti-slavery stance: His death was a political necessity, poorly veiled beneath the guise of a private quarrel... What was his public crime? The answer is in his own words; some maintain that in his death Broderick became a martyr to the anti-slavery cause, the episode was part of a national spiral towards civil war. At the Republican National Convention in Chicago in May 1860, a portrait of the late Senator Broderick was hung. About thirty years Terry was shot to death by Deputy United States Marshal David Neagle while threatening Supreme Court Justic