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In Greek mythology, Elpis is the personification and spirit of hope. She was depicted as a young woman carrying flowers or a cornucopia in her hands. Elpis is a child of Nyx and mother of Pheme, the goddess of fame and rumor. In Hesiod's Works and Days, Elpis was the last item in Pandora's box. Based on Hesiod's description, the debate is still alive to determine if Elpis was only hope, or more expectation, her equivalent in Roman mythology was Spes. The more famous version of the Pandora myth comes from one of Hesiod's poems and Days. In this version of the myth, Hesiod expands upon her origin, moreover widens the scope of the misery she inflicts on mankind. Pandora brings with her a jar or, in most stories, a box containing "burdensome toil and sickness that brings death to men", diseases and "a myriad other pains". Prometheus had – fearing further reprisals – warned his brother Epimetheus not to accept any gifts from Zeus, but Epimetheus did not listen. As a result, Hesiod tells us, "the earth and sea are full of evils".

One item, did not escape the jar, hope: Hesiod does not say why hope remained in the jar. The implications of Elpis remaining in the jar were the subject of intense debate in antiquity. Hesiod closes with this moral: "Thus it is not possible to escape the mind of Zeus." The asteroid 59 Elpis is named after her. Notes Citations Bibliography West, M. L. Hesiod, Theogony, ed. with prolegomena and commentary. West, M. L. Hesiod and Days, ed. with prolegomena and commentary. Godchecker - Elpis


Warn-U is the debut extended play of Kuwait musician Fatima Al Qadiri, released in September 2011 by the label Tri Angle. It was a part of her project Ayshay; the EP only consists of Qadiri's falsetto vocals that are processed and altered to create other types of electronic sounds. The EP consists of three original tracks and a "megamix" of all of them by production duo Nguzunguzu. Music of the Ayshay project is Fatima Al Qadiri's reinterpretation of Islamic worship music, the name Ayshay is “whatever” in Arabic. Warn-U is a tone poem touching on genres such as krautrock, proto-techno, hypnagogic pop and only consisting of Qadiri's own falsetto vocals, which are pitch-shifted, time-stretched and layered on top of each other. Warn-U garnered comparisons by critics to Björk's album Medúlla as well as the works of Julianna Barwick; the official press release from Qadiri's website states that the voices execute a "dizzying array of mixed, sometimes indefinable emotions," sounding "menacing and yet strangely comforting" and "ancient and bizarrely futuristic."

Qadiri admitted she didn't know how to feel when she listened to Warn-U, "and in many regards I hope I never can." Paul Lester of The Guardian analyzed the vocals are altered to the point of sounding like electronic instruments rather than human voices. The EP closes with Los Angeles production duo Nguzunguzu's twelve-minute "megamix," or "remix suite," of all the record's original tracks; the remix adds tribal Roland 808-style drums to the songs and what The Monitors described as "richer samples and effects." On 28 February 2011, a music video for Warn-U's title track was released and depicts was Dave Segal of The Stranger described as "feathery gothic dread, strange architecture, kinetic geometric shapes, mystique-laden figures, fisheye lens shots of an elevator, most luscious lips." On 25 July 2011, Nguzunguzu's remix of the EP's title song was released. An MP3 download for the title track was released on 25 August 2011, the EP was issued on compact disc, digital format, vinyl on 26 September 2011.

Lester wrote in a piece for The Guardian, "We should WARN-U: this music will reverberate in your brain and resonate in your mind's eye long after it's over." A writer for The Monitors called it "another interesting release from the label that keeps on giving, delivering an album that any open minded electronica fan should invest in." However, he opined that "the didgeridoo sounding vocal effect gets a little grating sometimes, while the free form nature of the tracks may sound dragging at times." In a review of the EP for Pitchfork, Colly wrote that, "while at times beautiful and inventive, WARN-U is somewhat one-note, it can be difficult to differentiate between the three short original tracks. It's free-form to the degree that it can sometimes be difficult to engage with." Both Colly and The Monitors were the most favorable towards Nguzunguzu's megamix of Warn-U, Colly writing, "this is where WARN-U is most accessible and arguably most enjoyable, since the addition of structure helps bring Al Qadiri's more avant-garde leanings back toward earth."

Derived from Warn-U. Derived from the liner notes of Warn-U. Written and produced by Fatima Al Qadiri Mixed by Matt Boynton Mastered by Rob Laakso at Vacation Island in Brooklyn, New York Artwork by David Toro Artwork photography by Winona Barton-Ballentine Fatima Al Qadiri official website

Olympus E-5

The Olympus E-5 was Olympus Corporation's flagship camera, positioned as a professional DSLR camera. It is the successor to the Olympus E-3, launched on October 17, 2007; the E-5 was announced on September 14, 2010. The E-5, like the other cameras in the Olympus E-series, conforms to the Four Thirds System; the E-5 has a live preview full articulating screen, contrast-detect autofocus in live view mode, the ability to control up to three wireless flash groups without external transmitters. The camera is fully weatherproof with the popup flash in the "up" position when used with weatherproofed lenses such as the Zuiko Digital "High Grade" and "Super High Grade" lines. Like many recent DSLR's, it can record video, it is similar to the E-3 that preceded it in operation and design. Additional features include: Fast autofocus (Olympus claims that this was the world's fastest autofocus at the time the camera was released. 100% viewfinder with ×1.15 magnification with a 50 mm lens External white balance sensor 5 frames per second capture speed 11 point biaxial cross AF sensor that works at −2 EV at ISO 100 Sensor-shift image stabilization which can be used with any lens Environmentally sealed magnesium alloy camera body Dust reduction system Shutter tested to 150,000 cycles Internal Viewfinder shutter'X' sync and External remote portsThe camera is compatible with existing BLM-1 batteries used in the E-1, E-3, E-300, E-30, E-500 and E-510.

Recent iterations of Olympus DSLR's have used a strong antialias filter. This has the effect of eliminating moire and aliasing artifacts, but reduces the camera's ability to capture fine detail when used with sharp lenses. In the E-5, Olympus has chosen to use a much weaker antialias filter along with a new software demosaicing/sharpening algorithm, claimed to preserve fine detail while eliminating moire. In principle this approach allows the E-5 to capture more fine detail than cameras with similar resolution. Along with other Olympus 4/3rds bodies, the E-5 has an on-demand pixel mapping, a dust reduction system and distortion correction either in-camera or during editing with Olympus software. Media related to Olympus E-5 at Wikimedia Commons

Swat (princely state)

The State of Swat was a province ruled by local rulers from the Yusufzai tribe until 1947 a princely state of the British Indian Empire, dissolved in 1969, when the Akhwand acceded to Pakistan. The state lay to the north of the modern Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province and continued within its 1947 borders until 1969, when it was dissolved; the area it covered is now divided between the present-day districts of Swat, Dir and Shangla. The Swat region has been inhabited for more than two thousand years and was known in ancient times as Udyana; the location of Swat made it an important stopping point for many invaders, including Alexander the Great and Sultan Mahmud of Ghazni. In the second century BCE, Swat formed part of the Buddhist civilisation of Gandhara. Swat was a center of the Mahayana school that developed from it; the Chinese pilgrim Fa-Hsien, who visited the valley around 403 CE, mentions 500 monasteries. After him, Sun Yun, Wu-kung visited Swat as well and praised the richness of the region, its favourable climate, the abundance of forest and fruit-trees and the respect in which Buddhism was held.

The Kushan dynasty ruled for four centuries until it was overrun by the White Huns in the 5th century CE and the glory of the Gandhara era came to an end. Xuanzang recorded the decline of Buddhism. According to him, of the 1400 monasteries, there, most were in ruins or had been abandoned; the monks still no longer understood them. There were grapes in abundance but cultivation of the fields was sparse. Tajiks have been living and ruling the Swat for centuries until their rule ended by Mughal Badshah Zahiruddin Muhammad Babur with the help of pashtun tribes that Tajiks rescued from Ulugbek's massacre some decades ago and allowed them to live in Swat area; the modern area of Swat was ruled sporadically by religious leaders, who variously took the title of Akhoond spelt Akhund or Akond. The Akhund of Swat who died in 1878 was famous as the subject of a well known humorist poem by Edward Lear, The Akond of Swat; the nonsensical poem suggests a far away place and a mystical person, at least through the eyes of a Victorian poet and painter.

The Islamic State of Swat was established in 1849 under Sayyid Akbar Shah with Sharia law remaining in force, but the state was in abeyance from 1878 to 1915. Thereafter Sayyid Abdul-Jabbar Khan, nephew of Sayyid Akbar Shah, was made ruler by a local Jirga and had trouble exercising power. In 1917 another Jirga appointed founder of the dynasty of Swat; the British recognised this ruler and the state as a princely state in 1926. Following the independence of Pakistan in 1947, the ruler acceded the state to Pakistan, while retaining considerable autonomy; the ruler of Swat was accorded a 15-gun hereditary salute in 1966. This was followed by the abolition of the state in 1969, resulting from a campaign initiated against autocratic rule by the Swat Liberation Movement; as a result, the State was incorporated into current day Pakistan. The people of Swat are Pashtuns and Gujjars; some have distinctive physical characteristics, including blonde hair and blue eyes. They may be of Dardic extraction, as found in other parts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and the surrounding area.

The rulers of Swat held. Since 1969 the former princely state has been under a civil administration as part of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa; the Miangul family is still prominent in Pakistan and has held a variety of appointed and elective posts. Khyber Pakhtunkhwa The Yusufzai State of Swat on The Yusufzai State of Swat Facebook page The Yusufzai State of Swat Facebook page The Last Wali of Swat: An Autobiography as Told by Fredrik Barth, by Fredrik Barth Sack, John. Report from Practically Nowhere. ISBN 0-595-08918-6. Sultan-i-Rome, Swat State, 1915–1969, From Genesis to Merger: An Analysis of Political, Socio-Political, Economic Development, Karachi: Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-547113-X Sultan-i-Rome. Forestry in the Princely State of Swat and Kalam: A Historical Perspective on Norms and Practices, NCCR IP6 Working Paper No. 6. Zurich: Department of Geography, University of Zurich Gaju Khan Yusufzai Yusufzai at Government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Tourist assistance company in valley Swat RoyalArk website on general and dynastic history Details on the ruling family of Swat Daily Times: NWFP Religious Background Geographical Journal article on Swat

William W. Mullins

William Wilson Mullins was an American physicist and materials scientist who worked for many years as a professor at Carnegie Mellon University. Mullins was born on March 5, 1927 in Boonville, where his father was an industrialist and mayor, he was raised in Chicago after the family moved there in 1930. He was educated at the Lab School of the University of Chicago, served two years in the U. S. Navy, earned a bachelor's degree, master's degree, Ph. D. from the University of Chicago, all in physics, in 1949, 1951, 1955 respectively. His doctoral research, supervised by Cyril Stanley Smith, concerned the motion of grain boundaries in bismuth, he continued his work on metal grain boundaries in his first job, at the Westinghouse Research Laboratories in Pittsburgh, from 1955 until 1960. He served as an adjunct professor at the University of Pittsburgh in this time period. In 1960, he moved to the Carnegie Institute of Technology as an associate professor. In his career, he branched out to other topics beyond material science, including the distribution of lunar craters and optical caustics caused by the diffraction of light through moving water.

At the Carnegie, Mullins chaired the metallurgy department from 1963 until 1966, when he became dean of the institute. Under his leadership, the institute started a department of biological sciences, merged with the Mellon Institute to form Carnegie Mellon University, split into two colleges of engineering and science within CMU, he stepped down as dean in 1970. He was promoted to University Professor in 1985, retired in 1992. Mullins won the Mathewson Gold Medal of the American Institute of Mining and Petroleum Engineers in 1963, the Philip M. McKenna Memorial Award in 1981, the Robert Franklin Mehl Award of The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society in 1994, the von Hippel Award of the Materials Research Society in 1995, the Cyril Stanley Smith Award of the International Conference on Grain Growth in 1998, the Ross Coffin Purdy Award of the American Ceramic Society in 2002, he was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 1984. He died of cancer in Pittsburgh on April 22, 2001


Prometric known as Prometric Testing, is a U. S.-based company in the test administration industry. Its corporate headquarters is located in Canton in the United States. Prometric operates a test center network composed of thousands of sites in 160 countries. Many examinations are administered at Prometric sites, including those from the: American Petroleum Institute Architect Registration Examination Diplomate of National Board European Personnel Selection Office Graduate Record Examinations Green Business Certification Inc. India-Common Entrance Test and some National Eligibility and Entrance Tests Nationwide Mortgage and Licensing System USMLE USPTO registration examination Prometric's computerized testing centers were founded by Drake International in 1990 under the name Drake Prometric. In 1995, Drake Prometric L. P. was sold to Sylvan Learning in a cash and stock deal worth $44.5 million. The acquired business was renamed Sylvan Prometric sold to Thomson Corporation in 2000; the Thomson Corporation announced its desire to sell Prometric in the fall of 2006, Educational Testing Service announced plans to acquire it.

On Monday, October 15, 2007, Educational Testing Service closed its acquisition of Prometric from the Thomson Corporation. In 2018, Prometric was bought by Baring Private Equity Asia. Prometric sells a range of services, including test development, test delivery, data management capabilities. Prometric delivers and administers tests to 500 clients in the academic, government and information technology markets. While there are 3000 Prometric test centers across the world, including every U. S. state and territory, whether a particular test can be taken outside the U. S. depends on the testing provider. For example, despite the fact that Prometric test centers exist worldwide, some exams are only offered in the country where the client program exists; the locations where a test is offered, as well as specific testing procedures for the day of the exam, are dictated by the client. In the Republic of Ireland, Prometric's local subsidiary is responsible for administering the Driver Theory Test. In 2009, the company faced a hurdle due to widespread technical problems on one of India's MBA entrance exams, the Common Admission Test.

Over 8000 test takers were affected. In 2011, Prometric lost the contract for conducting the Oracle certification exam and they were replaced by Pearson VUE. In 2014, the IBM Professional Certification Program exam delivery was moved from Prometric to Pearson VUE Test CentersIn 2014, Prometric lost the bid for conducting it second time to an Indian tech firm. In 2014, a latency issue affected one Prometric-administered test, namely the AIPGMEE. In 2014, Microsoft ended its exam partnership with Prometric. In 2017, Prometric lost the contract for conducting the Medical College Admission Test exam, they were replaced with Pearson VUE. That same year, Charles Kernan was appointed as the new President and CEO of Prometric, replacing Michael Brannick. Brannick had held the position since 2001. In 2019, Project Management Institute ended its exam partnership with Prometric, they were replaced with Pearson VUE. National Registry of Food Safety Professionals National Restaurant Association Prometric website