Elsevier is a Dutch publishing and analytics company specializing in scientific and medical content. It is a part of the RELX Group, known until 2015 as Reed Elsevier, its products include journals such as The Lancet and Cell, the ScienceDirect collection of electronic journals, the Trends and Current Opinion series of journals, the online citation database Scopus, the ClinicalKey search engine for clinicians. Elsevier's products include digital tools for data-management and assessment. Elsevier publishes more than 470,000 articles annually in 2,500 journals, its archives contain over 30,000 e-books. Total yearly downloads amount to more than 1 billion. Elsevier's high operating profit margins and 950 million pounds in profits on publicly funded research works and its copyright practices have subjected it to criticism by researchers. Elsevier was founded in 1880 and adopted the name and logo from the Dutch publishing house Elzevir, an inspiration and has no connection to the contemporary Elsevier.
The Elzevir family operated as publishers in the Netherlands. As company logo, Elsevier used the Elzevir family's printer's mark, a tree entwined with a vine and the words Non Solus, Latin for "not alone." Elsevier suggests that this logo represents "the symbiotic relationship between publisher and scholar". The expansion of Elsevier in the scientific field after 1945 was funded with the profits of the newsweekly Elsevier, which published its first issue on 27 October 1945; the weekly earned lots of money. The weekly was a continuation, as is stated in its first issue, of the monthly Elsevier, founded in 1891 to promote the name of the publishing house and had to stop publication in December 1940 because of the Nazi occupation of the Netherlands. In 1947, Elsevier began publishing its first English-language journal, Biochimica et Biophysica Acta. In 2013, Elsevier acquired Mendeley, a UK company making software for managing and sharing research papers. Mendeley an open platform for sharing of research, was criticized for the acquisition, which users saw as acceding to the "paywall" approach to research literature.
Mendeley's open sharing system now allows exchange of paywalled resources only within private groups. The New Yorker described Elsevier's reasons for buying Mendeley as two-fold: to acquire its user data, to "destroy or coöpt an open-science icon that threatens its business model". In the first half of 2019, RELX reported the first slowdown in revenue growth for Elsevier in several years: 1% vs. an expectation of 2% and a typical growth of at least 4% in the previous 5 years. During 2018, researchers submitted over 1.8 million research papers to Elsevier-based publications. Over 20,000 editors managed the peer review and selection of these papers, resulting in the publication of more than 470,000 articles in over 2,500 journals. Editors are unpaid volunteers who perform their duties alongside a full-time job in academic institutions, although exceptions have been reported. In 2013, the five editorial groups Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Taylor & Francis, SAGE Publications published more than half of all academic papers in the peer-reviewed literature.
At that time, Elsevier accounted for 16% of the world market in science and medical publishing. Elsevier breaks down its revenue sources by geographic region. 44% of revenue by geography in 2018 derived from North America, 24% from Europe and the remaining 32% from the rest of the world. 83% of revenue by format came from electronic usage and 17% came from print. Elsevier employs more than 7,800 people in over 70 offices across 24 countries. Following the integration of its Science & Technology and Health Sciences divisions in 2012, Elsevier has operated under a traditional business structure with a single chief executive officer; the CEO is Kumsal Bayazit, appointed on 15 February 2019. In 2018, Elsevier accounted for 34% of the revenues of RELX group. In operating profits, it represented 40%. Adjusted operating profits rose by 2% from 2017 to 2018. In 2018, Elsevier reported a mean 2017 gender pay gap of 29.1% for its UK workforce, while the median was 40.4%, more than twice the UK average and by far the worst figure recorded by any academic publisher in UK.
Elsevier attributed the result to the under-representation of women in its senior ranks and the prevalence of men in its technical workforce. Products and services include electronic and print versions of journals and reference works, cover the health, life and social sciences; the target markets are academic and government research institutions, corporate research labs, librarians, scientific researchers, editors, nurses, allied health professionals and nursing students and schools, medical researchers, pharmaceutical companies and research establishments. It publishes in 13 languages including English, French, Italian, Polish, Japanese and Chinese. Flagship products and services include VirtualE, ScienceDirect, Scirus, EMBASE, Engineering Village, Cell, SciVal and Analytical Services, The Consult series, Virtual Clinical Excursions, major reference works such as Gray's Anatomy, Nelson Pediatrics, Dorland's Illustrated Medical Dictionary, Netter's Atlas of Human Anatomy, online versions of m
Hon. Walter Frederick Nutt OBE was Managing Director of The Straits Trading Company, at the time one of the largest tin smelting companies in the world, a member of the Federal Malay States Legislative Council and a prominent freemason, District Grand Master of the Eastern Archipelago. Walter Nutt was born in Kensington, London in 1874, he was the son of William Henry Rothery Nutt, an official of the Bank of England, his wife Kathleen Laura. Like his brothers, Arthur Nutt and Harold Nutt, he was educated as a boarder at Bedford Modern School. Nutt was an expatriate in Singapore for much of his commercial life, he was a director of several commercial concerns including the Bagan River Rubber Company and Managing Director of The Straits Trading Company. He was a member of the Federal Malay States Legislative Council. In 1918, Nutt was awarded an OBE for services in connection with war charities. In 1919, Nutt speculated in the tin market on behalf of the Straits Trading Company. However, similar efforts in 1921 resulted in the company having to miss a semiannual dividend for the first time in its history.
Nutt was forced to resign in January 1922. Nutt was a prominent Freemason becoming District Grand Master of the Eastern Archipelago He was the first Commodore of the Republic of Singapore Yacht Club. On 16 May 1905, Nutt married Gertrude Isabel Cowper at Singapore. Gertrude Nutt was an artist and the portrait she painted of her husband in full masonic regalia is included in the BBC’s Your Painting series. On 27 February 1937, Gertrude Nutt died and Walter Nutt died three years on 14 November 1940, following an operation in London. Walter and Gertrude Nutt were survived by two daughters. Walter Frederick Nutt at Art UK
Cameron Van Hoy is an American actor and writer. He first came to attention as the protagonist of a critically acclaimed indie crime drama. Van Hoy attended Fiorello H. LaGuardia High School in New York City. Van Hoy's first role was as Cody in One Small Hero. In 1999 Van Hoy garnered considerable critical acclaim when he starred alongside Mischa Barton and Burt Reynolds in the indie crime drama, Pups written and directed by Ash. Van Hoy portrays Stevie, a frustrated adolescent that decides to stage a bank heist after discovering a gun in the family home. Along with Barton, film critic Roger Ebert called their work in the film "two of the most natural and freed performances I have seen by actors of any age."Van Hoy followed up his breakout role on Pups with guest appearances on the TV series, Hey Arnold!. He returned to the screen in 2008 after a 6-year absence, starring in Fatima; the drama is an updated retelling of Shakespeare's Romeo & Juliet but based on the love between an Israeli man and a Palestinian woman.
In 2009, he made several guest appearances as Eddie Alvarez in Crash. He appeared in the independent drama, Love Hurts. Van Hoy wrote and starred in Treasure of the Black Jaguar. In 2012, Van Hoy was reunited with co-star, Mischa Barton; the pair feature in the music video for Noel Gallagher's Everybody's on the Run. Cameron Van Hoy on IMDb