Virginia the Commonwealth of Virginia, is a state in the Southeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States located between the Atlantic Coast and the Appalachian Mountains. Virginia is nicknamed the "Old Dominion" due to its status as the first English colonial possession established in mainland North America and "Mother of Presidents" because eight U. S. presidents were born there, more than any other state. The geography and climate of the Commonwealth are shaped by the Blue Ridge Mountains and the Chesapeake Bay, which provide habitat for much of its flora and fauna; the capital of the Commonwealth is Richmond. The Commonwealth's estimated population as of 2018 is over 8.5 million. The area's history begins with several indigenous groups, including the Powhatan. In 1607 the London Company established the Colony of Virginia as the first permanent New World English colony. Slave labor and the land acquired from displaced Native American tribes each played a significant role in the colony's early politics and plantation economy.
Virginia was one of the 13 Colonies in the American Revolution. In the American Civil War, Virginia's Secession Convention resolved to join the Confederacy, Virginia's First Wheeling Convention resolved to remain in the Union. Although the Commonwealth was under one-party rule for nearly a century following Reconstruction, both major national parties are competitive in modern Virginia; the Virginia General Assembly is the oldest continuous law-making body in the New World. The state government was ranked most effective by the Pew Center on the States in both 2005 and 2008, it is unique in how it treats cities and counties manages local roads, prohibits its governors from serving consecutive terms. Virginia's economy has many sectors: agriculture in the Shenandoah Valley. S. Department of Defense and Central Intelligence Agency. Virginia has a total area of 42,774.2 square miles, including 3,180.13 square miles of water, making it the 35th-largest state by area. Virginia is bordered by Maryland and Washington, D.
C. to the north and east. Virginia's boundary with Maryland and Washington, D. C. extends to the low-water mark of the south shore of the Potomac River. The southern border is defined as the 36° 30′ parallel north, though surveyor error led to deviations of as much as three arcminutes; the border with Tennessee was not settled until 1893, when their dispute was brought to the U. S. Supreme Court; the Chesapeake Bay separates the contiguous portion of the Commonwealth from the two-county peninsula of Virginia's Eastern Shore. The bay was formed from the drowned river valleys of the James River. Many of Virginia's rivers flow into the Chesapeake Bay, including the Potomac, Rappahannock and James, which create three peninsulas in the bay; the Tidewater is a coastal plain between the fall line. It includes major estuaries of Chesapeake Bay; the Piedmont is a series of sedimentary and igneous rock-based foothills east of the mountains which were formed in the Mesozoic era. The region, known for its heavy clay soil, includes the Southwest Mountains around Charlottesville.
The Blue Ridge Mountains are a physiographic province of the Appalachian Mountains with the highest points in the state, the tallest being Mount Rogers at 5,729 feet. The Ridge and Valley region includes the Great Appalachian Valley; the region includes Massanutten Mountain. The Cumberland Plateau and the Cumberland Mountains are in the southwest corner of Virginia, south of the Allegheny Plateau. In this region, rivers flow northwest, into the Ohio River basin; the Virginia Seismic Zone has not had a history of regular earthquake activity. Earthquakes are above 4.5 in magnitude, because Virginia is located away from the edges of the North American Plate. The largest earthquake, at an estimated 5.9 magnitude, was in 1897 near Blacksburg. A 5.8 magnitude earthquake struck central Virginia on August 2011, near Mineral. The earthquake was felt as far away as Toronto and Florida. 35 million years ago, a bolide impacted. The resulting Chesapeake Bay impact crater may explain what earthquakes and subsidence the region does experience.
Coal mining takes place in the three mountainous regions at 45 distinct coal beds near Mesozoic basins. Over 64 million tons of other non-fuel resources, such as slate, sand, or gravel, were mined in Virginia in 2018; the state's carbonate rock is filled with more than 4,000 caves, ten of which are open for tourism, including the popular Luray Caverns and Skyline Caverns. The climate of Virginia is humid subtropical and becomes warmer and more humid farther south and east. Seasonal extremes vary from average lows of 26 °F in January to average highs of 86 °F in July; the Atlantic Ocean has a strong effect on southeastern coastal areas of the state. Influenced by the Gulf Stream, coastal weather is subject to hurricanes, most pronouncedly near the mouth of Chesapeake Bay. In spite of its position adjacent to the Atlantic Ocean the coastal areas have a significant continental influence with quite large temperature differences between summ
1996 NASCAR Winston Cup Series
The 1996 NASCAR Winston Cup Series was the 48th season of professional stock car racing in the United States and the 25th modern era NASCAR Cup series. The season had been started on February 18 at Daytona International Speedway, ended on November 10 at the Atlanta Motor Speedway; the season would be remembered as Terry Labonte pulling off a massive upset and winning his second championship. The Busch Clash is the exhibition race that honors the drivers who won a pole in the NASCAR Winston Cup Series that the driver won the previous year. Dale Jarrett won his first Busch Clash. Rick Mast won the random draw for the pole. Top ten results 88-Dale Jarrett 4-Sterling Marlin 3-Dale Earnhardt 5-Terry Labonte 25-Ken Schrader 10-Ricky Rudd 6-Mark Martin 94-Bill Elliott 24-Jeff Gordon 16-Ted Musgrave The Gatorade Twin 125s, qualifying races for the Daytona 500, were held on February 15. Race one top ten results 3-Dale Earnhardt 4-Sterling Marlin 5-Terry Labonte 88-Dale Jarrett 15-Wally Dallenbach, Jr. 21-Michael Waltrip 22-Ward Burton 6-Mark Martin 90-Mike Wallace 23-Jimmy SpencerMarlin passed Earnhardt on the opening lap but Earnhardt repassed and led the last 22 laps.
Race two top ten results 28-Ernie Irvan 25-Ken Schrader 37-John Andretti 24-Jeff Gordon 10-Ricky Rudd 75-Morgan Shepherd 98-Jeremy Mayfield 99-Jeff Burton 27-Elton Sawyer 16-Ted MusgraveIrvan led wire-to-wire but Scharder stormed alongside in the final lap. Top ten results: 88-Dale Jarrett 3-Dale Earnhardt 25-Ken Schrader 6-Mark Martin 99-Jeff Burton 15-Wally Dallenbach Jr. 16-Ted Musgrave 94-Bill Elliott 10-Ricky Rudd 21-Michael WaltripThis was Dale Jarrett's second career Daytona 500 victory. He won the 1996 Busch Clash; when the white flag was displayed, play-by-play analyst Ken Squier gave the privileges to color analyst Ned Jarrett so he can call the final lap solo and lead his son on to the victory. The Goodwrench Service 400 was held on February 25 on the North Carolina Speedway; the #5 of Terry Labonte won the pole. Top ten results 3-Dale Earnhardt 88-Dale Jarrett 41-Ricky Craven 10-Ricky Rudd 29-Steve Grissom 4-Sterling Marlin 81-Kenny Wallace 12-Derrike Cope, 1 lap down 87-Joe Nemechek, 1 lap down 1-Rick Mast, 2 laps downOn Lap 343 Earnhardt and Bobby Hamilton had traded the lead three times in the previous three laps when Earnhardt punted Hamilton in Turn Four.
Failed to qualify: 27-Elton Sawyer, 78-Randy MacDonald, 93-Gary Bradberry, 63-Dick Trickle The Pontiac Excitement 400 was run on March 3 on the Richmond International Raceway. Terry Labonte won the pole. Top ten results 24-Jeff Gordon 88-Dale Jarrett 16-Ted Musgrave 99-Jeff Burton 6-Mark Martin 43-Bobby Hamilton 2-Rusty Wallace 5-Terry Labonte 10-Ricky Rudd 94-Bill ElliottFailed to qualify: 78-Randy MacDonald, 02-Robbie Faggart, 19-Dick Trickle Coming into this race, Terry Labonte had led the most laps at Daytona and Rockingham but was 30th in the points standings, while Jeff Gordon was 43rd. After this race they were 27th, respectively; the Purolator 500 was run on March 10 on the Atlanta Motor Speedway. The No. 30 of Johnny Benson crashed in Happy Hour, forcing him to a backup car. Top ten results 3-Dale Earnhardt 5-Terry Labonte 24-Jeff Gordon 28-Ernie Irvan 98-Jeremy Mayfield 25-Ken Schrader 23-Jimmy Spencer, 1 lap down 10-Ricky Rudd, 1 lap down 21-Michael Waltrip, 1 lap down 94-Bill Elliott, 1 lap downFailed to qualify: 65-Steve Seligman, 78-Randy MacDonald, 99-Jeff Burton The TranSouth Financial 400 was run on March 24 on the Darlington Raceway.
Ward Burton won the pole. Top ten results 24-Jeff Gordon 18-Bobby Labonte 41-Ricky Craven 2-Rusty Wallace 5-Terry Labonte 6-Mark Martin 16-Ted Musgrave 75-Morgan Shepherd, 1 lap down 10-Ricky Rudd, 1 lap down 99-Jeff Burton, 1 lap downFailed to qualify: 95-Chuck Bown, 78-Randy MacDonald, 02-Robbie Faggart, 32-Jimmy Hensley The Food City 500 was run on March 31 on the Bristol Motor Speedway. Mark Martin won the pole; the race was shortened to 342 laps due to rain. Top ten results 24-Jeff Gordon 5-Terry Labonte 6-Mark Martin 3-Dale Earnhardt 2-Rusty Wallace 88-Dale Jarrett 18-Bobby Labonte, 1 lap down 19-Dick Trickle, 1 lap down 41-Ricky Craven, 1 lap down 21-Michael Waltrip, 2 laps downFailed to qualify: 90-Mike Wallace, 37-John Andretti, 30-Johnny Benson, 71-Dave Marcis, 77-Bobby Hillin, Jr. 95-Chuck Bown Darrell Waltrip's crash led to a lengthy yellow before rains hit. The First Union 400 was run on April 14 on the North Wilkesboro Speedway. Terry Labonte won the pole. Top ten results 5-Terry Labonte 24-Jeff Gordon 3-Dale Earnhardt 33-Robert Pressley 4-Sterling Marlin 28-Ernie Irvan, 1 lap down 41-Ricky Craven, 1 lap down 43-Bobby Hamilton, 2 laps down 25-Ken Schrader, 2 laps down 18-Bobby Labonte, 2 laps downFailed to qualify: 71-Dave Marcis, 78-Randy MacDonald, 90-Mike Wallace, 22-Ward Burton, 77-Bobby Hillin Jr.
This was the first race run at North Wilkesboro following the passing of track president Enoch Staley, which threw the track's NASCAR future into doubt. The Goody's Headache Powder 500 was run on April 21 on the Martinsville Speedway; the #41 of Ricky Craven won the pole. Top ten results 2-Rusty Wallace 28-Ernie Irvan 24-Jeff Gordon 98-Jeremy Mayfield 3-Dale Earnhardt 43-Bobby Hamilton, 1 lap down 25-Ken Schrader, 2 laps down 18-Bobby Labonte, 2 laps down 16-Ted Musgrave, 2 laps down 4-Sterling Marlin, 2 laps downFailed to qualify: 78-Randy MacDonald, 27-Elton Sawyer, 29-Steve Grissom, 19-Dick Trickle, 77-Bobby Hillin, Jr. 15-Wally Dallenbach, Jr. 22-Ward Burton Terry Labonte, by starting this race, broke the record for most consecutive starts with his 514th consecutive start. The previous record, 513, was held by Richard Petty. A special "Iron Man" paint scheme was used to commemorate this feat; the Wi
NASCAR Xfinity Series
The NASCAR Xfinity Series is a stock car racing series organized by NASCAR. It is promoted as NASCAR's "minor league" circuit, is considered a proving ground for drivers who wish to step up to the organization's top level circuit, the Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series. NXS events are held as a support race on the day prior to a Cup Series event scheduled for that weekend; the series was called the Budweiser Late Model Sportsman Series in 1982 and 1983, the NASCAR Busch Grand National Series from 1984 through 2002, the NASCAR Busch Series from 2003 through 2007, the NASCAR Nationwide Series from 2008 through 2014. It is sponsored by Comcast via its consumer cable brand Xfinity; the series emerged from NASCAR's Sportsman division, formed in 1950 as NASCAR's short track race division. It was NASCAR's fourth series; the sportsman cars were not current model cars and could be modified more, but not as much as Modified series cars. It became the Late Model Sportsman Series in 1968, soon featured races on larger tracks such as Daytona International Speedway.
Drivers used obsolete Grand National cars on larger tracks but by the inception of the touring format in 1982, the series used older compact cars. Short track cars with small 300 cubic inch V-8 motors were used. Drivers used smaller current year models featuring V6 motors; the modern-day Xfinity Series was formed in 1982, when Anheuser-Busch sponsored a newly reformed late-model sportsman series with its Budweiser brand. The series switched sponsorship to Busch in 1984, it was renamed in 1986 to the Busch Grand National Series. Grand National was dropped from the series' title in 2003 as part of NASCAR's brand identity. Anheuser-Busch dropped the sponsorship in 2007; the Nationwide sponsorship was a seven-year contract, did not include the banking and mortgage departments of Nationwide. The sponsorship carried a $10 million commitment for 2008, with 6% annual escalations thereafter. On September 3, 2014, it was announced that Comcast would become the new title sponsor of the series via its cable television and internet brand Xfinity, renaming it the Xfinity Series.
In 2016, NASCAR implemented a seven-race Chase system similar to the one used in the NASCAR Cup Series. On August 23, 2018 NASCAR announced that the field size of the NXS will be cut from 40 to 38. On March 6, 2005, the series held its first race outside the United States, the Telcel-Motorola 200; the race was held in Mexico City, Mexico at the Autodromo Hermanos Rodriguez, a track that has held Formula One and Champ Car races in the past. It was won by Martin Truex Jr. On August 4, 2007, the series held its second race outside the United States, at the Circuit Gilles Villeneuve in Montreal, another road course, it was won by Kevin Harvick. In July 2008, NASCAR announced that the Nationwide Series would not return to Mexico City in 2009, in 2012 they announced that it would not be returning to Montreal in 2013. In 2016, the NXS and the NASCAR Camping World Truck Series adopted a playoff format similar to the NASCAR Cup Series Chase for the Championship. Unlike the NASCAR Cup Series, whose Chase consists of four rounds, the Xfinity Series and Truck Series both use a three-round format.
After each of the first two rounds, the four Chase grid drivers with the fewest season points are eliminated from the grid and Chase contention. The best-placed driver overall from the four Dash 4 Cash races advances to the Chase. Round of 12 Begins with 12 drivers who qualify for the Chase grid with 2,000 points Round of 8 Begins with 8 drivers, each with 3,000 points Championship 4 The last four drivers in contention for the season title will have their points reset to 4,000 points, with the highest finisher in the race winning the NXS title. In the 1980s, races were sparsely shown by ESPN if they were covering the cup race at the same track. Starting in 1990, more races began to be shown. By the mid-1990s, all races were shown. Most standalone races were aired on TNN, which helped grow coverage of the series, while races that were companion races with Winston Cup dates aired on the network airing the Cup race. TNN aired some of these races, which aired on CBS, NBC, ESPN, ABC and TBS. From 2001 until 2006, Fox Sports covered the entire first half of the Busch Grand National season, while NBC and TNT both aired races during the second half, with Turner Sports producing all the coverage for both networks.
However, in numbered years, coverage was changed, with the opening race at Daytona airing on NBC in 2004, on TNT in 2002 and 2006 and the track's July race airing on FX. Large portions of Fox's coverage aired on sister network FX, with a few marquee events on the network itself. From 2007 until 2014, ESPN was the home of the renamed Nationwide Series. Four races per season aired on ABC, with the remainder on ESPN, ESPN2, ESPNews. Early in ESPN's run, ESPN Classic was used for NNS overflow, however with less carriage of that network, this practice ended. Fox Sports did make a return to the series, airing the 2011 Bubba Burger 250 at Richmond on Speed Channel, due to ESPN giving up its exclusive rights to the race because of programming conflicts. In 2015, the NXS returned to FOX Sports during the first half of the season. Like the previous time Fox held righ
WeatherTech SportsCar Championship
The WeatherTech SportsCar Championship is a sports car racing series based in the United States and Canada and organized by the International Motor Sports Association. It is a result of a merger between two existing North American sports car racing series, the American Le Mans Series and Rolex Sports Car Series. At its inception, the name was United SportsCar Championship, which subsequently changed to the Tudor United SportsCar Championship when Rolex SA signed their Tudor brand to a title sponsorship deal. WeatherTech signed a deal to take over title sponsorship of the series starting in 2016, rebranding the series; the season begins with its premier race, the Rolex 24 at Daytona, the last weekend of January and ends with the Petit Le Mans, another North American Endurance Cup race, in early October. On September 5, 2012 it was announced that the Grand-Am Road Racing sanctioning body would merge with the Braselton-based International Motor Sports Association, as such, both bodies would merge their premiere sports car series, the Rolex Sports Car Series and American Le Mans Series with plans to debut in 2014.
On November 20, 2012 the merger committee announced that SME Branding were selected to develop the name and identity of the new series. On January 8, 2013, the two series' announced a preliminary class structure for the new merged series. Grand-Am's Daytona Prototype category and IMSA's P2 would combine into a single-prototype class, with allowances for the unique DeltaWing to compete in the new class; the Le Mans Prototype Challenge class of single spec cars from the American Le Mans Series would continue as is, although the cars will switch to Grand-Am's Continental Tires. The GT class of the American Le Mans Series would remain unchanged, while Grand-Am's GT class will form another GT class, be combined with the American Le Mans GTC category; the only category of cars not represented in the new series is the American Le Mans Series' P1 category. The reveal date for the new series was March 14, 2013 at the Chateau Élan Hotel and Conference Center at Sebring International Raceway, two days before the 12 Hours of Sebring.
American Le Mans CEO Scott Atherton announced the new sanctioning body would remain IMSA while Ed Bennett revealed the new titles for the series' five classes. SME Branding Senior Partner Ed O'Hara announced the new United SportsCar Racing title and logo, a name submitted through a contest won by Louis Satterlee of Florida, a racer in the Florida Karting Championship Series. On August 9, 2013, Fox Sports 1 announced it had signed a TV contract with IMSA to televise the entire USCC season between 2014 and 2018. On September 12, 2013, Tudor was announced as the title sponsor for the series, named the United SportsCar Championship. On August 8, 2015, WeatherTech was announced as the new title sponsor for the series, renaming the series to the WeatherTech SportsCar Championship, starting with the 2016 season. Beginning with the 2019 season the series is covered by NBC Sports in the United States; the NBC broadcast network will air nine hours of coverage annually, with the majority of the coverage airing on NBCSN.
CNBC and the NBC Sports app will provide supplemental coverage. Based on a Canadian series before being acquired by Grand-Am, the Continental Tire Sports Car Challenge is a production-based touring car series; the series is split into two classes known as Grand Sport, intended for large capacity GT-style cars, Street Tuner, consisting of smaller sedans and coupes, some of which are front-wheel drive. The IMSA Continental Tire Sports Car Challenge until 2013 supported some Rolex Series races but headlined some of its own dates; this series continued with the United SportsCar Championship after the merger and is somewhat comparable to the old Trans Am Series. There are four classes in the SportsCar Championship series, featuring two sports prototype category and two grand tourer classes: Sports prototypes: Daytona Prototype International: The flagship class, it combined Grand-Am's Daytona Prototype with the American Le Mans Series class 2 prototypes and the DeltaWing, all built to 2014 specifications.
Starting in 2019 the LMP2 cars were split to a separate class. Le Mans Prototype 2: A new class for 2019, it features pro-am driver lineups. Cars will be built to the specifications of the Automobile Club de l'Ouest, the organizer of the 24 Hours of Le Mans, from which the class's name derives. GT Le Mans: A continuation of the ALMS GT class, it consists of cars matching the ACO's GTE specification. GT Daytona: a class that combined the Grand-Am GT & GX classes with the Porsche 911 GT3 Cup cars from the ALMS GTC class. Starting in the 2016 season the class adopted full FIA GT3 specifications; some races may only use selected classes of cars, for example: Any class car may be permitted entry into the Rolex 24, while at the Grand Prix of Long Beach only the Daytona Prototype International and GT Le Mans are entered. LMP2 and GTLM classes are compatible with regulations for the 24 Hours of Le Mans. Note: From 2014-2018 this championship was known as Patrón North American Endurance Cup IMSA official site United SportsCar Championship official site
Martinsville Speedway is an International Speedway Corporation-owned NASCAR stock car racing track located in Henry County, Virginia, just to the south of Martinsville. At 0.526 miles in length, it is the shortest track in the Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series. The track was one of the first paved oval tracks in NASCAR, being built in 1947 by partners H. Clay Earles, Henry Lawrence and Sam Rice per Virginia House Joint Resolution No. 76 on the death of H. Clay Earles, it is the only race track, on the NASCAR circuit from its beginning in 1948. Along with this, Martinsville is the only NASCAR oval track on the entire NASCAR track circuit to have asphalt surfaces on the straightaways concrete to cover the turns; the track is referred to as paper clip-shaped and is banked only 12° in the turns. The combination of long straightaways and flat, narrow turns makes hard braking going into turns and smooth acceleration exiting turns a must; the track was paved in 1955 and in 1956 it hosted its first 500-lap event.
By the 1970s, a combination of high-traction slick tires and high speed was putting excessive wear on the asphalt surface. In 1976 the turns were repaved with concrete. By 2004, the 28-year-old concrete had shown significant wear. On April 18, 2004 a large chunk of concrete had become dislodged from the track's surface and caused severe damage to the body of Jeff Gordon's car. In reaction to this, the track was repaved with new concrete and asphalt; until 1999, Martinsville was notorious for having two pit roads. The backstretch pit road was avoided because if a team had to pit there during a caution, any car pitting on the front stretch had the advantage of pitting first and not having to adhere to pace car speed upon exiting their pit road; this was rectified when pit road was reconfigured to extend from the entrance of turn 3 to the exit of turn 2. This move allowed for a garage to be built inside the track, leaves Bristol as the only active NASCAR track with two pit roads; the first NASCAR sanctioned event was held on July 4, 1948.
In 1951, only four cars were running at the fewest of any race held at the speedway. In 1960, Richard Petty became the youngest winner at 22 years, 283 days. In 1991, Harry Gant became the oldest winner at 255 days, it was Gant's fourth win in a row. Ownership of the track was a joint venture of brothers Jim and Bill France, Jr. and H. Clay Earles, the majority owner, along with daughters Dorothy Campbell and Mary Weatherford, Dorothy Campbell's children, Sarah Fain and Clay Campbell. In 2004, the track was sold to the France family for over $200 million as a result of an estate sale following the death of Weatherford. Plans had existed to add an additional 20,000 seats along the back stretch, boosting capacity to over 85,000 seats. In 2005–2006 the Norfolk Southern Railway behind the track was moved 200 feet to make way for the added seats, but nothing more has been mentioned regarding this by track management since the sale of the track to ISC. From 1982 until 1994, again in 2006, the speedway hosted Busch Series events.
This occurred first with 200- and 150-lap features 300 laps from 1992 until 1994 as part of a Late Model/Busch Series doubleheader, 250 laps in the one-off in 2006. The venue was dropped from the Busch Series schedule for 2007 and a race at Circuit Gilles Villeneuve in Montreal was run on the open date. Martinsville hosts two Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series races — the STP 500 in late March or early April and the First Data 500 in late October or early November — along with NASCAR Gander Outdoors Truck Series, NASCAR Whelen Modified Tour, held on Labor Day weekend under the lights, Late Model races. Winners of the NASCAR Cup Series, Truck Series, Whelen Modified events receive a longcase clock as a trophy, a nod to Martinsville's famous furniture industry; this tradition started in 1964, when Earles decided he wanted to present a trophy that would reflect the Martinsville area. He chose clocks made by Ridgeway Clocks; the clocks presented as trophies are valued at around $10,000. The two Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series races at Martinsville seem to be on solid footing, despite the somewhat frequent rumblings of the track losing one of its race dates.
As as December 2008, Track President Clay Campbell said that no one, either from NASCAR, or track owner ISC, has hinted at taking a race from Martinsville and he plans on the sport being there in the long-term future. After multiple Late Model races were forced to count caution laps in segments in order to beat sunset, the 2015 fall Cup race ended at sunset, the track announced on October 12, 2016, in a news conference with Campbell and Dale Earnhardt Jr. that the track would be adding a 5-million-dollar LED lighting package. Campbell explained that Martinsville Speedway would be the first sports arena with an all-LED lighting package. Campbell said that the track did not have plans in place for nighttime races, with its premier series dates in 2017 locked in to start at 2 p.m. ET and 1 p.m. ET, but Campbell indicated that the $5 million initiative should provide flexibility in case of inclement weather. The project was
Loy Allen Jr.
Loy Allen Jr. is an American professional stock car racing driver. A former competitor in the NASCAR Winston Cup and Busch Series, he found his best results in the ARCA series, with a win at Atlanta Motor Speedway in 1992 and two second-place finishes at Talladega and Daytona in 1993. Allen Jr. made his Cup debut at Daytona in July 1993. Driving his father's No. 37 Naturally Fresh Ford, an old Robert Yates Racing Car, Allen Jr. started 40th and finished 29th. He ran three other races for his father's team in 1993, the best being a 26th at Talladega. In addition, Allen Jr. made his first start for Tri-Star at Phoenix, matching that 26th in the No. 68 Country Time Ford. Allen was hired for Tri-Star's No. 19 Hooters Ford in 1994. He won the pole position for the season-opening Daytona 500, he won two more poles at Atlanta and Michigan, as well as the outside pole for that year's running of the Pepsi 400. However, Allen's team missed twelve races due to a tight budget, he only had a best finish of 11th at Charlotte.
In addition, he only had two more top-20 finishes, had a DNF count of seven. It kept the team from making a serious bid at NASCAR Rookie of the Year honors, Allen Jr. finished 39th in points that year. In 1995, Allen Jr. ran just eleven races, splitting time with Junior Johnson Motorsports team and the Tri-Star team. He had been hired to run the new No. 27 Hooters Ford. However, he went back to Tri-Star for the remaining seven races. In his first start back with that team at Talladega, Allen started second and went on to finish tenth, the only top ten of his career. However, Allen continued to struggle, was put to a part-time schedule. After suffering a neck injury at Rockingham Speedway in early 1996, he lost hold of his career and only made sporadic starts after that, he did manage to return to the team at Pocono, with a 23rd, but in six more starts in 1996, he only managed a best finish of 21st at Talladega. Allen Jr. made two starts in 1997, driving for Tri-Star, making the first two races at Daytona and Rockingham.
He was 43rd respectively. Gary Bradberry took over and Allen Jr. was without rides after that. His last ride came in 1999, two years when he qualified for two out of four races for the SBIII Motorsports team before being replaced by Hut Stricklin. Both of those starts ended with 40th place DNFs. Allen Jr. did make periodic appearances in the Busch Series throughout his career. Driving a No. 19 Chevrolet at Charlotte in May 1995, Allen qualified 21st for his debut. However, he crashed on the 27th lap, finished 43rd in a field of 44, his next run was in 1997. This time, Allen would pilot the No. 48 Unifirst Ford Thunderbird for Randy Porter. He made the race, starting 42nd and last on the grid, his struggles persisted on race day, as Allen would wind up 35th, 27 laps behind winner Todd Bodine. Allen started two in 1998, his last year in this series. Driving the No. 78 Church's Chicken Chevy at Talladega, Allen managed a 7th-place finish, a career-best. However, his final race culminated in a last place finish at Dover, completing only 18 laps before a broken rear end gear sent him to the garage.
List of Daytona 500 pole position winners List of people from Raleigh, North Carolina Loy Allen Jr. driver statistics at Racing-Reference
Toyota Owners 400
The Toyota Owners 400 is a 400 lap Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series stock car race held at the Richmond Raceway in Richmond, Virginia. From 2007 to 2011, former race title sponsor Crown Royal named the race after the winner of an essay contest during Daytona Speedweeks; the winner of the first essay contest was Jim Stewart from Houma, with subsequent contests won by Dan Lowry of Columbiana and Russ Friedman of Huntington, New York, with the 2010 race being named for Army veteran Heath Calhoun of Clarksville, Tennessee. Since 2010 only military service members have been eligible to win the contest. Crown Royal moved the "Your Name Here" sponsorship to the Brickyard 400 beginning in 2012; the race is held as a Saturday night event in late April. For several years, it was held as a Sunday afternoon event the weekend after the Daytona 500 in February. Lights were installed at the facility in 1991. Consistent cold weather, a snow delay in 1989, prompted track officials to move the race in the spring.
The race was moved around to May or June, permanently moved from Sunday afternoons to Saturday nights. After a few years, the race fixed as a May race date by 1999. Starting in 2012, the race was held on the last Saturday in April, after the race switched dates with the spring Talladega race; the race returned to Sunday afternoon in 2016 but returned to Saturday night in 2018. Martin Truex Jr. is the defending winner of the race. 1962: Race shortened due to darkness. 1974: Race shortened due to energy crisis. 1977, 1982, 2003: Race shortened due to rain. 1986: This race is remembered for its controversy. Dale Earnhardt spun out Darrell Waltrip at the end, both cars crashed. Petty slipped by to win. 1988: Last race on old layout. 1989: Race rescheduled one month due to snow. 1998: Race moved to Saturday night event. 2002: Race started on Saturday night but was finished on Sunday afternoon due to rain. 2007 and 2015: Race postponed from Saturday night to Sunday afternoon due to rain. 2008, 2013, 2018: Race extended due to a NASCAR Overtime finish.
2008 – 410 laps 2013 – 406 laps 2018 – 402 laps 2009: Kyle Busch won on his 24th birthday. 1953–1969: 0.5 mile course 1970–1988: 0.542 mile course 1989–present: 0.75 mile course As of 2016, the Toyota Owners 400 is broadcast on Fox in the United States. During the 1980s and early 1990s, TBS covered the race. ESPN took over in the decade, from 2001 to 2006, the race was shown on FX. In 2007, for the first time in the track's history, the track's races aired on network television. In 2007, for the first time in the track's history, the track's races aired on network television. NASCAR Commentators Crews and Networks