State Emblem of India
The State Emblem of India, as the national emblem of India is called, is an adaptation of the Lion Capital of Ashoka at Sarnath, preserved in the Sarnath Museum near Varanasi, India. A representation of Lion Capital of Ashoka was adopted as the emblem of the Dominion of India in December 1947; the current version of the emblem was adopted on 26 January 1950, the day that India became a republic. In 1947, as the date of independence for India and Pakistan approached, Jawaharlal Nehru gave charge of finding a suitable national emblem to Badruddin Tyabji, a civil servant, freedom fighter and member of the Constituent Assembly. Art schools all over the country were approached for designs, but none of them were found suitable as most were similar to the emblem of British Raj. Along with the Flag Committee headed by Dr. Rajendra Prasad and his wife suggested to use the Ashoka Capital, with four lions on top and the Ashoka Chakra flanked by a bull and horse below. Tyabji's wife Surayya Tyabji drew it and sent it to the printing press at Viceregal lodge for printing.
This design was selected and has remained the emblem of the Indian government since. The emblem forms a part of the official letterhead of the Government of India and appears on all Indian currency as well, it functions as the national emblem of India in many places and appears prominently on Indian passports. The Ashoka Chakra on its base features in the centre of the national flag of India; the usage of the emblem is regulated and restricted under State Emblem of India Act, 2005. No individual or private organisation is permitted to use the emblem for official correspondence; the actual Sarnath capital features four Asiatic lions standing back to back, symbolizing power, courage and pride, mounted on a circular base. At the bottom is a horse and a bull, at its center is a wheel; the abacus is girded with a frieze of sculptures in high relief of The Lion of the North, The Horse of the West, The Bull of the South and The Elephant of the East, separated by intervening wheels, over a lotus in full bloom, exemplifying the fountainhead of life and creative inspiration.
Carved from a single block of sandstone, the polished capital is crowned by the Wheel of the Law. In the emblem adopted, only three lions are visible, the fourth being hidden from view; the wheel appears in relief in the centre of the abacus, with a bull on the right and a galloping horse on the left, outlines of Dharma Chakras on the extreme right and left. The two animals and bull, represented right below the abacus hold a great significance; the bull represents hard work and steadfastness, while the horse represents loyalty and energy. The bell-shaped lotus beneath the abacus has been omitted. Forming an integral part of the emblem is the motto inscribed below the abacus in Devanagari script: Satyameva Jayate सत्यमेव जयते; this is a quote from the concluding part of the sacred Hindu Vedas. List of Indian state emblems National symbols of India List of symbols of Indian states and territories
Emblem of North Korea
The National Emblem of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea is the coat of arms of North Korea known as the Democratic People's Republic of Korea. The current version adopted in 1993 is based on a design, used since the foundation of the republic in 1948. Two previous versions were in use in the late 1940s. Prominent features on the emblem are a hydroelectric plant and Mount Paektu; the design bears similarities to the emblem of the Soviet Union and other emblems of the socialist heraldic style. During the Liberation of Korea in 1945 by the Allies, Northern Korea had no emblem although the emblem of the People's Republic of Korea was used from 1945 to 1946; the first equivalent of an emblem appeared on January 1, 1946, printed below a speech of Kim Il-sung in the newspaper Chǒngro. It features the Korean Peninsula surrounded by ribbons; this was the only time it was used, between 1946 and 1948 a simple outline of the peninsula was displayed in its place. This was intended to signal that the South are one country.
However, in July 1948 as the division of Korea loomed, North Korea adopted its first constitution. This constitution defined the North Korean emblem, it features a furnace, as opposed to a hydroelectric plant on designs. On September 9, 1948, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea was declared and a new emblem adopted; this is evident in the chosen motif: the Sup'ung hydroelectric plant was built by the Imperial Japanese during their colonial rule over the Korean Peninsula, as such was not comfortable as symbol of national pride for nationalistic Koreans. However, North Korean sources claim. In 1993, the emblem was further amended to feature Mount Paektu; the mountain is an important symbol of power and legitimacy of the Kim family dynasty in North Korean propaganda, is identified with Kim Jong-il because it is where official narratives place his birth. The adoption of that symbol testified to the rise of his status; the emblem features the Sup ` ung dam under a power line as the escutcheon.
The crest is a five-pointed red star. It is supported with ears of rice, bound with a red ribbon bearing the inscription "The Democratic People's Republic of Korea" in Chosongul characters. While the design of the hydroelectric plant is generic in appearance, its identity is given away by the fact that Sup'ung was the only power station of its kind at the time when the emblem was designed. Sup'ung was constructed by the Japanese and is located in what is today the border with the People's Republic of China. In spite of the uncomfortable reference to colonial infrastructure as well as foreign territory, the choice of the image is not incidental and carries positive connotations. In the late 1940s, the North produced most of the electricity in the country; the dam symbolizes self-sufficiency in electricity: in the spring of 1948 shortly before the hydroelectric plant was added to the emblem, North Korea cut off her power network from the South. The emblem, all of its predecessors, follows the basic socialist heraldic design, adopted in many other countries including, which indicates the relations between the communist ideology and the foundation of the country at the onset of the Cold War.
Flag of North Korea Emblem of South Korea 100 Questions and Answers: Do You Know about Korea?. Pyongyang: Foreign Languages Publishing House. 1989. OCLC 21301721. National Emblem of the DPRK at Naenara
Emblem of Nepal
The emblem of Nepal was changed during the reconciliation period following the Nepalese Civil War. On 28 May 2008, a new emblem in the style of socialist heraldry was introduced, it contains the flag of Nepal, Mount Everest, green hills symbolising the hilly regions of Nepal and yellow colour symbolising the fertile Terai region and female hands joining to symbolise gender equality, a garland of Rhododendron. Atop this is a white silhouette in the shape of Nepal. At the base of the design a red scroll carries the national motto in Sanskrit: जननी जन्मभूमिश्च स्वर्गादपी गरीयसी, which translates as "Mother and Motherland are greater than heaven." The phrase: अपि स्वर्णमयी लंका न मे लक्ष्मण रोचते । जननी जन्मभूमिश्च स्वर्गादपि गरीयसी ।।In English: I care not for Lanka, Lakshmana though it be made of gold. One’s mother and one’s native land are worth more than heaven, it was quoted by Rama. Before 28 May 2008, the modern emblem was preceded by a coat of arms consisting of a white cow, a green pheasant, two Gurkha soldiers, peaks of the Himalayas, two crossed Nepalese flags and kukris, the footprints of Gorakhnath and the royal headress.
It contained the same red scroll with the national motto. From 1935 to 1962, the arms bore the secondary Latin motto, "Dulce et decorum est pro patria mori". Flag of Nepal Largest Human Flag of Nepal Janani Janmabhoomischa Swargadapi Gariyasi Infos at indianest.com Media related to Coats of arms of Nepal at Wikimedia Commons
Emblem of Kuwait
The Emblem of Kuwait was adopted in 1962 and it consists of the shield of the flag design in color superimposed on a golden falcon with wings displayed. The falcon supports a disk containing a boom sailing ship, a type of dhow, with the full name of the state written at the top of the disk; the dhow is a symbol of the maritime tradition of the country and is found in the national coats of arms of Qatar. The falcon is a symbol of the Banu Quraish line, to which the Islamic prophet Muhammad belonged and is found in many coats of arms of the Arabian Peninsula; the coat of arms replaced an older emblem with two crossed flags. Flag of Kuwait national flower of Kuwait]
Coat of arms of Georgia (country)
The coat of arms of Georgia is one of the national symbols of the republic. It is based on the medieval arms of the Georgian royal house and features Saint George, the traditional patron saint of Georgia. In addition to St. George, the original proposal included additional heraldic elements found on the royal seal, such as the seamless robe of Jesus, but this was deemed excessively religious and was not incorporated into the final version. Gules, with an image of Saint George, riding a horse trampling upon a crawling serpent, whose head is pierced by the saint's spear, all of them Argent, it has two lions rampant as supporters of the shield, surmounted with the royal crown of Georgia, all of them Or. The motto below the shield reads as "Strength is in Unity". 1918–1921 and 1991–2004:This coat of arms was in use by the Democratic Republic of Georgia throughout its existence in 1918-1921. Though the use of Saint George as Georgia's patron saint was by a long tradition, there were some discussions about other possibilities, the major one being Amiran, as the symbol of Georgia's fight for freedom from the Russian Empire.
However, a decision was made in favor of Saint George. Restored in 1991, this coat of arms was replaced by the current one in 2004. 1801–1917:Before 1917, when Georgia was part of the Russian Empire, the Georgian coat of arms appeared on the Greater Coat of Arms of the Russian Empire, as part of the coat of arms of Caucasus. It showed as the center inescutcheon, read as follows: Or, with an image of Saint George Martyr the Victorious in complete armour Azur with a cross on his breast, with a flying cloak Gules, riding a horse Sable in full gallop, the latter covered with a horse cloth Gules, fringed Or, trampling upon a crawling serpent Vert, winged Sable and tongued Gules, whose head is pierced by the saint's spear Gules. Before 1801:Coats of arms were those of the Bagrationi, who claimed to have King David among their ancestors, included such elements as King David's lyra and sling, or the Holy Tunic. Coat of arms of the Bagrationi dynasty Pogoń Ruska coat of arms President of Georgia website The Georgian Coat of Arms in: Georgian History by Giorgi Gabeskiria
Imperial Seal of Japan
The Imperial Seal of Japan called the Chrysanthemum Seal, Chrysanthemum Flower Seal or Imperial chrysanthemum emblem, is one of the national seals and a crest used by the Emperor of Japan and members of the Imperial Family. It is a contrast to the Paulownia Seal used by the Japanese government. During the Meiji period, no one was permitted to use the Imperial Seal except the Emperor of Japan, who used a 16 petal chrysanthemum with sixteen tips of another row of petals showing behind the first row. Therefore, each member of the Imperial family used a modified version of the seal. Shinto shrines either displayed the imperial seal or incorporated elements of the seal into their own emblems. Earlier in Japanese history, when Emperor Go-Daigo, who tried to break the power of the shogunate in 1333, was exiled, he adopted the seventeen-petal chrysanthemum to differentiate himself from the Northern Court's Emperor Kōgon, who kept the imperial 16-petal mon; the symbol is a orange chrysanthemum with black or red outlines and background.
A central disc is surrounded by a front set of 16 petals. A rear set of 16 petals are half staggered in relation to the front set and are visible at the edges of the flower. An example of the chrysanthemum being used is in the badge for the Order of the Chrysanthemum. Other members of the Imperial Family use a version with 14 single petals, while a form with 16 single petals is used for Diet members' pins, orders and other items that carry or represent the authority of the Emperor; the Imperial Seal is used on the standards of the Imperial Family. National seals of Japan Chrysanthemum Throne Imperial Seal of Korea Order of the Chrysanthemum Mon Media related to Imperial seals of Japan at Wikimedia Commons
Emblem of Qatar
The emblem of Qatar is the coat of arms of Qatar. The emblem shows. Between the swords there is a sailing ship sailing on blue and white waves beside an island with two palm trees; the circle is surrounded by a round doughnut-shaped object, divided horizontally. In the white section the name of the state of Qatar is written in black Kufic script and in the maroon section, the English translation is written in white Blackletter script; the coat of arms is sometimes shown without the English translation, the middle circle is yellow and the curved swords are sometimes brown. The current version was introduced in 1976 and replaced another one, used since 1966, consisted of two curved swords, one pearl shell and two palm tree-branches with the label "Qatar". Several elements of the emblem are featured in national emblems of several Middle Eastern countries: the traditional Arab curved sword is present in the coats of arms of Saudi Arabia and Oman; the palm tree is a national symbol of Saudi Arabia.
The colors and the separation of the outside ring come from the flag of Qatar. Flag of Qatar Embassy of Qatar in Washington DC FOTW - Qatar