Indaiatuba is a municipality in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. It is part of the Metropolitan Region of Campinas; the population is 235,367 in an area of 311.55 km². The elevation is 624 m; the city's name derives from the Tupi language. It is an important city in one of Brazil's main industrial regions. Based on the latest IFDM social index data, Indaiatuba ranks number one of the "Top 100 best cities to live in, in Brazil"; the Federation of Industries of Rio de Janeiro, surveyed data and compared information on education, health and employment of all municipalities in the country and, with this data they created the Firjan Development Index Municipal, so it was possible to create the rank of the top 100 cities to live in Brazil. Data was collected from the Ministries of Education and Labour for all municipalities. Indaiatuba Official Page
Ayrton Senna da Silva was a Brazilian racing driver who won Formula One world championships for McLaren in 1988, 1990 and 1991, and, regarded as one of the greatest Formula One drivers of all time. He died in an accident. Senna began his motorsport career in karting, moved up to open-wheel racing in 1981, won the 1983 British Formula Three Championship, he made his Formula One debut with Toleman-Hart in 1984, before moving to Lotus-Renault the following year and winning six Grands Prix over the next three seasons. In 1988, he joined Frenchman Alain Prost at McLaren-Honda. Between them, they won all but one of the 16 Grands Prix that year, Senna claimed his first World Championship. Prost claimed the championship in 1989, Senna his second and third championships in 1990 and 1991. In 1992, the Williams-Renault combination began to dominate Formula One. Senna nonetheless managed to finish the 1993 season as runner-up, winning five races and negotiating a move to Williams in 1994. Senna has been voted as the best and most influential Formula One driver of all time in various motorsport polls.
He was recognised for his qualifying speed over one lap, from 1989 until 2006 he held the record for most pole positions. He was acclaimed for his wet weather performances, such as the 1984 Monaco Grand Prix, the 1985 Portuguese Grand Prix, the 1993 European Grand Prix, he holds a record six victories at the Monaco Grand Prix, is the fifth-most successful driver of all time in terms of race wins. Senna courted controversy throughout his career during his turbulent rivalry with Prost. In the Japanese Grands Prix of 1989 and 1990, each of which decided the championship of that year, collisions between Senna and Prost determined the eventual winner. Senna was born in the Pro-Matre Maternity Hospital of a neighbourhood of São Paulo; the middle child of wealthy Brazilian landowner and factory owner Milton da Silva and his wife Neide Senna da Silva, he had an older sister, Viviane and a younger brother, Leonardo. He was left-handed; the house where Senna spent the first four years of his life belonged to João Senna.
It was located on the corner of Avenida Aviador Guilherme with Avenida Gil Santos Dumont, less than 100 meters from Campo de Marte, a large area where they operated the Aeronautics Material park and an airport. Senna was athletic, excelling in gymnastics and other sports, developed an interest in cars and motor racing at the age of four, he suffered from poor motor coordination and had trouble climbing stairways by the age of three. An electroencephalogram found, his parents gave Senna the nickname "Beco". At the age of seven, Senna first learned to drive a Jeep around his family's farm and gained the advantage of changing gears without the use of a clutch. Senna attended Colegio Rio Branco in the São Paulo neighbourhood of Higienópolis and graduated in 1977 with a grade 5 in physics along with other grades in mathematics and English, he enrolled in a college that specialised in business administration, but dropped out after three months. Overall, his grades amounted up to 68%. Senna's first kart was built by his father using a small 1-HP lawnmower engine.
Senna started racing at Interlagos and entered a karting competition at the age of 13. He started his first race on pole position, his father supported Lucio Pascal Gascon soon managed the developing talent. Senna went on to win the South American Kart Championship in 1977, he contested the Karting World Championship each year from 1978 to 1982, finishing runner-up in 1979 and 1980. In 1978, he was the teammate of Terry Fullerton, from whom Senna felt was the rival he got the most satisfaction racing against because of the lack of money and politics at that level. In 1981, Senna moved to England to begin single-seater racing, winning the RAC and Townsend-Thoreson Formula Ford 1600 Championships that year with the Van Diemen team. Despite this, Senna did not believe he would continue in motorsport. At the end of that season, under pressure from his parents to take up a role in the family business, Senna announced his retirement from Formula Ford and returned to Brazil. Before leaving England, Senna was offered a drive with a Formula Ford 2000 team for £10,000.
Back in Brazil, he returned to live in England. As da Silva is the most common Brazilian surname, he instead adopted his mother's maiden name, Senna. Senna went on to win the 1982 European Formula Ford 2000 championships. For that season, Senna arrived with sponsorship from Pool. In 1983, Senna drove in the British Formula Three Championship for the West Surrey Racing team, he dominated the first half of the season until Martin Brundle, driving a similar car for Eddie Jordan Racing, closed the gap in the second part of the championship. Senna won the title at the final round after a fought and, at times, acrimonious battle with the Briton. In November that year, Senna triumphed at the inaugural Macau Formula 3 Grand Prix with Teddy Yip's Toyota-powered Theodore Racing Team. In 1983, Senna tested for Formula One teams Williams, McLaren and Toleman. Peter Warr of Lotus, Ron Dennis of McLaren, Bernie Ecclestone of Brabham made offers for testing in 1984 and presented long-term contracts that tied Senna to driving on.
During his test for Williams at the 3.149-km Donington Park circuit, Senna completed 40 la
Associação Atlética Ponte Preta
Associação Atlética Ponte Preta known as Ponte Preta, is a Brazilian football club located in Campinas, São Paulo. Ponte Preta is known as Macaca. Ponte Preta's biggest rival is from the same city, against whom matches are known as derby, they are known as "pontepretanos". Ponte Preta is the second oldest football team established in Brazil still in activity, founded on August 11, 1900, the oldest being Sport Club Rio Grande, of Rio Grande do Sul. Ponte Preta was founded on August 11, 1900 by Colégio Culto à Ciência students Miguel do Carmo, Luiz Garibaldi Burghi, Antonio de Oliveira, nearby a black painted wood railroad bridge, so the name Ponte Preta. Ponte Preta's first president was Pedro Vieira da Silva; the team's history is directly intertwined with the railroad business, flourishing in its city of Campinas. Most of the people involved with the foundation of the team were residents of the working class neighbourhood by the railroad. One of the team's first nicknames was the "Train of August 11th".
Ponte's stadium, the Estádio Moisés Luccareli, is located right by the railroad in a way where it is possible to see it when inside the stadium, according to the fans, when the train passes by during a game, it's a sign of good luck to come for the team. Ponte Preta is recognized, by FIFA, as one of the first teams in the Americas to accept black players, since its foundation in 1900; the club claims to be the first football team to have a black player in their roster, that player being the before mentioned Miguel do Carmo, part of their first squad. It is the first countryside team to play a national competition, in 1970. Pelé's last match in Brazil was against Ponte Preta. On September 2, 1974, at Vila Belmiro stadium, Santos defeated Ponte Preta 2–0. Ponte Preta lost the Campeonato Paulista final to Corinthians in 1977 in a controversial game that ended in a 2–1 final score. Rui Rey, an important piece of the Ponte Preta team, was shown a red card early in the game. Ponte Preta were considered the favorites for the championship that year.
On November 27, 2013, at the Romildo Ferreira stadium, Ponte Preta reached the 2013 Sudamericana final by defeating São Paulo in the semi finals. It was a historical time for the club, playing its first international cup; the final was against a Traditional Argentine team, with Ponte Preta finishing as runner up. Copa São Paulo de Juniores: Winners: 1981, 1982Campeonato Paulista Série A2: Winners: 1969Campeonato Paulista do Interior: Winners: 2009, 2013, 2015, 2018Copa Sudamericana: Runner up: 2013 Ponte Preta's stadium is Estádio Moisés Lucarelli known as "Majestoso", or "Estádio Majestoso", built in 1948, by its own fan's material and work, its maximum capacity is of 19,722 people, nowadays. The biggest public in it was in a State's Championship in 1970, against Santos, with an official public of 33,000, but it is said that there were about 40,000 people, as the gates were broken down, its nickname is "Majestoso", meaning the "Majestic One" because it was the third largest stadium in Brazil at the time of its inauguration.
In Majestoso's entrance hall there is a bust of the stadium's founder, Moisés Lucarelli facing the outside. In 2000, after a long series of defeats some superstitious fans argued that the founder ought to see the team playing and the bust was rotated 180 degrees; as the team's performance did not improve noticeably, the statue was put back in its original position. Ponte Preta supporters are known as "pontepretanos". A club from Maceió, adopted a similar name and colors as the Campinas club. There is a Norwegian futsal club named after Ponte Preta. Associação Atlética Ponte Preta's biggest rival is from the same city: Guarani; the games between Ponte Preta and Guarani, known as derby, are preceded by a week of tension and fights in the city of Campinas. It is a centenary rivalry, the greatest in Brazil's countryside and one of the most intense in the whole country; the club's mascot is a female monkey wearing Ponte Preta's home kit. It was intended as a derogatory term, reflecting the racism against the club and its fans.
This co-option of a derogatory term as team mascot was copied by Palmeiras fans, who adopted the pig as their mascot instead of taking offense from it, other teams. Torcida Jovem Serponte 1977 – Oscar and Polozzi 1978 – Odirlei 1980 – Carlos 1981 – Zé Mario 1982 – Carlos and Juninho Fonseca 2000 – Mineiro Ponte Preta had one of the most powerful teams in the history of Brazilian female Basketball during the early 1990s, winning the World Club Championship twice; as of April 25, 2018Note: Flags indicate national team. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Ponte Preta Sumaré Futebol Clube O Início de uma Paixão: a fundação e os primeiros anos da Associação Atlética Ponte Preta, José Moraes dos Santos Neto, Editora Komedi, 2000 História da Associação Atlética Ponte Preta, em sete volumes: 1900–2000, Sérgio Rossi, R. Vieira Gráfic
Guarujá is a municipality in the São Paulo state of Brazil. It is part of the Metropolitan Region of Baixada Santista; the population is 311,230 in an area of 143.58 km2. This place name comes from the Tupi language, means "narrow path"; the population is urbanized. Guarujá is located in Santo Amaro island, situated in São Paulo shore, its main economic sources are port related activities. Guarujá is a popular weekend destination for families from São Paulo, who can get there driving in less than one hour. Traffic gets heavy during the evening on the holidays. Guarujá has a borough. A nickname for the city is "The Pearl of the Atlantic". Guarujá is known for its famous beaches such as Guaiúba, Astúrias, Enseada, Perequê, São Pedro, Iporanga, Praia Branca and Praia Preta. Guaruja, its history and proximity to the country's most populous city, provides strong attractive real estate and tourism. Much of the region on the coast, the beaches near the center are taken by buildings devoted to the seasonal population, who arrives in summer.
Tourism, therefore, is the most important component. The other part and non-seasonal, comes from the port and related activities, such as transportation. Due to its proximity to Cubatao and ports, there is interest in industrial occupation in the region, started in 1976 by Dow Chemical, still the only major industry to occupy the region. According to the IBGE of 2006 the production of wealth in the service area in the city, added that year, US$1.820 billion, equivalent to 0.14% in participation in the Brazilian GDP. Guarujá is twinned with: Cascais, Portugal Andradas Fort The Estádio Municipal Antônio Fernandes is a football stadium located in the city. Associação Desportiva Guarujá play their home games at this stadium; the Bosnia and Herzegovina national football team picked Guarujá as their base during the 2014 FIFA World Cup in Brazil. City Hall page Hotels in Guarujá - Find hotels, restaurants and useful links about Guarujá / SP Encontra Guarujá - Find everything about Guarujá city
Embu das Artes
Embu das Artes and known as Embu, is a Brazilian municipality in the State of São Paulo. It is part of the Metropolitan Region of São Paulo; the population is 261,781 in an area of 70.40 km². Its history brought it an unexpected specialization as a city for artists; this has paid tourism dividends to the city. The history of Embu began in 1554, with the arrival of a group of Jesuits of the aldeamento or settlement of Bohi M'Boy, halfway between the sea and the São Paulo hinterlands; as the Jesuit missions in the interior of Brazil, the primary objective was to convert the native population to Roman Catholicism, in an attempt to use them as farm workers in the region. In 1607 the lands of the village passed to the hands of Fernão Dias, In 1690, the priest Belchior de Pontes initiated the construction of the Igreja do Rosário, when it transferred at the same time to the nucleus of the original village. In 1760, by order of the Portuguese Crown, the Jesuits were expelled from Brazil because of their interference in colonist affairs, such as protecting converted natives from the Bandeiras, which sought to enslave them.
The artistic vocation of the city started to project itself in 1937, when Cássio M'Boy, "santeiro" – sculptor of religious images – in Embu, gained first prize on the Exposition Internationel d'Arts Techniques du Paris. Before that, Cássio had been the professor of some renowned artists and received illustrious representatives of the Modernismo movement of 1922, including Anita Malfatti, Tarsila do Amaral, Oswald de Andrade, Menotti Del Picchia and Yoshio Takaoka. One of Cássio M'Boy's most successful disciples was Sakai do Embu, internationally-known and one of the greatest Brazilian ceramist-sculptors. In 1962, Sakai formed the Solano Trindade group of plastic artists influenced by African-Brazilian art and the religious tradition of the Yoruba orishahs; the artistic tradition of Embu is an institution with projects and events done both in Brazil and abroad since 1964. The Feira de Artes and Artesanato do Embu was launched in the late 1960s and it has been attracting tourists and revenues to the city since.
One of the top Nazi torturers, Josef Mengele was buried in the Nossa Senhora do Rosario cemetery in Embu under his false identity, Wolfgang Gerhard, as the southern region of the city of São Paulo and its borders are known for a sizable German-Brazilian population. City of Embu das Artes Home Page Embu das Artes Tourism Office home page Brazil Tourism Office Home Page Encontra Embu – Find everything about Embu das Artes city
Cotia is a municipality in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. It is part of the Metropolitan Region of São Paulo; the population is 229,548 in an area of 323.99 km². The city is at an altitude of 853 m. Cotia is linked with the Rodovia Raposo Tavares highway. Cotia was founded in 1580, was an active village during the "bandeiras" expeditions. In 1626, Raposo Tavares and his companions arrived in the city; the "Sítio do Mandú" and "Sítio do Padre Inácio" were some of the first rural houses to be built there. Nowadays, they are preserved by the "Instituto Brasileiro de Patrimônio Cultural. Cotia was declared an independent municipality on April 2, 1856. According to the 1980 demographic census, the city had a population of over 62 thousand people; the city is located west of São Paulo, has a terrain made of valleys and mountains, reaching a maximum altitude of 1,074 meters above sea level The city has the Cotia River as its main river. The city has a densely populated urban area, but the less developed areas to the west attract people interested in ecotourism.
The only occurring case of Brazilian hemorrhagic fever took place here. Granja Viana, a district of Cotia History of Cotia at the City Hall website Cotia travel guide from Wikivoyage http://www.cotia.sp.gov.br Cotia on citybrazil.com.br Encontra Cotia - Find everything about Cotia city
Araraquara is a city in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. The population is 226,508 in an area of 1004 km², it is known as "the abode of the sun," because of its impressive sunset and because of its hot atmosphere in summer. The city was founded in 1817. There are two possible origins for the name of the city. One that links it to the Tupi-Guarani language and other that relates it to the Língua Geral of São Paulo; the two versions come from similar expressions "arará kûara" and "arara kûara", which means "lair of the macaw´s". The city is located in the Microregion of Araraquara, part of the Mesoregion of Araraquara, is 270 km north of São Paulo; the city downtown is filled with bars around colleges, as it has a high flux of students from nearby cities. The city is served by Bartolomeu de Gusmão Airport. Ferroviária is the local football team of the city; the club plays home matches at Estádio Fonte Luminosa, which has a maximum capacity of 27,000 people. Media related to Araraquara at Wikimedia Commons Araraquara travel guide from Wikivoyage Official website