Oliver Ackland is an Australian actor. In 2012, Ackland was seen in the comedy horror film, 100 Bloody Acres, directed by Colin and Cameron Cairnes, Richard Gray’s feature Blinder and the ABC telemovie, The Mystery of a Hansom Cab. Most he appeared as ‘Toby Raven’ in the mini-series realisation of Tim Winton’s Cloudstreet, directed by Matthew Saville, as ‘Rhys’ in The Slap, adapted from the novel by Christos Tsiolkas. Ackland's other television credits include Always Greener, Young Lions and Outriders, he appeared in the telemovie Emerald Falls and co-starred in the miniseries Jessica, both directed by Peter Andrikidis. Ackland starred in Ben Lucas’ Wasted on the Young, which premiered at the 2010 Sydney Film Festival and screened at the 2010 Toronto International Film Festival, his other feature film credits include Roger Scholes’ Cable and John Hillcoat’s feature The Proposition. Ackland has appeared in numerous short films including Damian Walshe-Howling’s The Bloody Sweet Hit and Eve directed by Hannah Hilliard.
In 2009 he was awarded the inaugural Heath Ledger scholarship by Australians in Film. Oliver Ackland on IMDb
Ella Scott Lynch
Ella Scott Lynch is an Australian actress. Her highest profile role is Shirley Ryan in the series Love Child, she is a graduate of the National Institute of Dramatic Arts. In 2005, she was cast in the soap opera Home and Away in the role of Hayley Lawson played by Bec Cartwright, which she played until the end of that year. In 2008 Lynch was cast as a regular in All Saints, her character, nurse Claire Anderson, replaced Jolene Anderson's character Erika. Coincidentally, Kip Gamblin, who played Hayley's love interest Scott Hunter in Home and Away joined All Saints at that point. Ella Scott Lynch on IMDb Ella Scott Lynch Ella Scott Lynch at TV.com All Saints recover from loss of cast-member Mark Priestley
Blue Mountains (New South Wales)
The Blue Mountains are a mountainous region and a mountain range located in New South Wales, Australia. The region borders on Sydney's metropolitan area, its foothills starting about 50 kilometres west of centre of the state capital; the public's understanding of the extent of the Blue Mountains is varied, as it forms only part of an extensive mountainous area associated with the Great Dividing Range. The Blue Mountains region is bounded by the Nepean and Hawkesbury rivers in the east, the Coxs River and Lake Burragorang to the west and south, the Wolgan and Colo rivers to the north. Geologically, it is situated in the central parts of the Sydney Basin; the Blue Mountains Range comprises a range of mountains, plateau escarpments extending off the Great Dividing Range about 4.8 kilometres northwest of Wolgan Gap in a southeasterly direction for about 96 kilometres, terminating at Emu Plains. For about two-thirds of its length it is traversed by the Great Western Highway and the Main Western railway line.
Several established towns are situated on its heights, including Katoomba, Mount Victoria, Springwood. The range forms the watershed between Coxs River to the south and the Grose and Wolgan rivers to the north; the range contains the Bell Range. The Blue Mountains area includes the local government area of the City of Blue Mountains. Following European settlement of the Sydney area, the area was named the Carmarthen and Lansdowne Hills by Arthur Phillip in 1788; the Carmarthen Hills were in the north of the region and the Lansdowne Hills were in the south. The name Blue Mountains, was preferred and is derived from the blue tinge the range takes on when viewed from a distance; the tinge is believed to be caused by Mie scattering which occurs when incoming light with shorter wavelengths is preferentially scattered by particles within the atmosphere imparting a blue-greyish colour to any distant objects, including mountains and clouds. Volatile terpenoids emitted in large quantities by the abundant eucalyptus trees in the Blue Mountains may cause Mie scattering and thus the blue haze for which the mountains were named.
When Europeans arrived in Australia, the Blue Mountains had been inhabited for several millennia by the Gundungurra people, now represented by the Gundungurra Tribal Council Aboriginal Corporation based in Katoomba, and, in the lower Blue Mountains, by the Darug people, now represented by the Darug Tribal Aboriginal Corporation. The Gundungurra creation story of the Blue Mountains tells that Dreamtime creatures Mirigan and Garangatch, half fish and half reptile, fought an epic battle which scarred the landscape into the Jamison Valley; the Gundungurra Tribal Council is a nonprofit organisation representing the Gundungurra traditional owners, promoting heritage and culture and providing a support for Gundungurra people connecting back to Country. Gundungurra Tribal Council Aboriginal Corporation has a registered Native Title Claim since 1995 over their traditional lands, which include the Blue Mountains and surrounding areas. Examples of Aboriginal habitation can be found in many places. In the Red Hands Cave, a rock shelter near Glenbrook, the walls contain hand stencils from adults and children.
On the southern side of Queen Elizabeth Drive, at Wentworth Falls, a rocky knoll has a large number of grinding grooves created by rubbing stone implements on the rock to shape and sharpen them. There are carved images of animal tracks and an occupation cave; the site dates back 22,000 years. Arthur Phillip, the first governor of New South Wales, first glimpsed the extent of the Blue Mountains from a ridge at the site of today's Oakhill College, Castle Hill, he named them the Carmarthen Hills, "some forty to sixty miles distant..." and he reckoned that the ground was "most suitable for government stock". This is the location where Gidley King in 1799 established a prison town for political prisoners from Ireland and Scotland; the first documented use of the name Blue Mountains appears in Captain John Hunter’s account of Phillip’s 1789 expedition up the Hawkesbury River. Describing the events of about 5 July, Hunter wrote: "We in some of the reaches which we passed through this day, saw near us the hills, which we suppose as seen from Port Jackson, called by the governor the Blue Mountains."
During the nineteenth century the name was applied to the portion of the Great Dividing Range from about Goulburn in the south to the Hunter Valley in the north, but in time it came to be associated with a more limited area. The native Aborigines knew two routes across the mountains: Bilpin Ridge, now the location of Bells Line of Road between Richmond and Bell, the Coxs River, a tributary of the Nepean River, it could be followed upstream to the open plains of the Kanimbla Valley, the type of country that farmers prize. European settlers considered that fertile lands lay beyond the mountains, as was China in the belief of many convicts, but that this didn't matter much, since the mountains were impassable; this idea was, to some extent, convenient for local authorities. An "insurmountable" barrier would deter convicts from trying to escape in that direction. A former convict, John Wilson, may have been the first European to cross the Blue Mountains, it is believed that Mathew Everingham, 1795, may have been successful based on letters he wrote at the time which came to light in the late 1980s.
Wilson arrived with the First Fleet in 1788 and was freed in 1792. He settled in the bush, living with the Aborigines and functioning as an intermediary between them and the settlers. In 1797 he returned to Sydney, claiming to have explored up to a hundred miles in all directions a
Catherine McClements is an Australian actress. McClements attended the National Institute of Dramatic Art, graduating in 1985, alongside Baz Luhrmann, Sonia Todd and Justin Monjo. In 1988, McClements, along with a number of other people including Baz Luhrmann, set up an experimental theatre ensemble called'Six Years Old', they worked on expanding the play Strictly Ballroom, first produced in their second year of NIDA in 1984. In 1993 she had a role in The Girl from Tomorrow Part II: Tomorrow's End. McClements is best known for her starring role as Rachel Goldstein on the Australian police drama Water Rats from 1996 to 1999, she had a recurring guest role on The Secret Life of Us in 2001, for which she won the AFI Award for Best Actress in a Guest Role in a Television Drama. She starred as Rosie in the 2003 drama series CrashBurn and appeared in the Network Ten telemovie Mary Bryant in 2005. From 2008 she played Inspector/Superintendent Kerry Vincent, in the Australian police drama and psychologist Christine Williams in the Showcase drama, Tangle.
A second and third season of Tangle and Rush were announced in 2009, both aired in 2010. Tangle and Rush have been commissioned for new seasons, both to start filming in mid-2011. In 2010, McClements won an AFI award for her role in Tangle, she has won ASTRA awards for her role in Tangle in 2011 and 2013. McClements is an accomplished stage actress, who has appeared in stage productions for many theatre companies, including Belvoir St Theatre, the Melbourne Theatre Company, the Sydney Theatre Company, Bell Shakespeare and the Malthouse Theatre. In 1987, McClements worked in Adelaide with the South Australia Theatre Company. In 2011, McClements guest starred in a YouTube and Facebook only show called Queer as F**k, playing Mel – a friend of main character Aaron. In 2012, McClements was cast as Meg Jackson in Wentworth, a contemporary reimaginint of the Australian classic Prisoner, she was cast in a leading role for Season One of Wentworth, her character did not appear beyond episode one. In 2013, McClements will return to the stage, in Sharr White's play The Other Place, for the Melbourne Theatre Company, Phèdre for Bell Shakespeare.
Earlier in 2013, McClements was cast in new ABC telemovie The Broken Shore, alongside Don Hany, Dan Wyllie and Claudia Karvan. It will premiere at the Adelaide Film Festival in October 2013, air on the ABC in early 2014. In September 2013, McClements was cast in the film The Menkoff Method, which will be directed by David Parker. In 2019 she starred in Ms Fisher's Modern Murder Mysteries as Birdie Birnside. McClements' partner is actor Jacek Koman who guest starred in The Secret Life of Us as Dominic, though they were not on the show at the same time, they met at the Anthill Theatre in Melbourne in the late 1980s, have a daughter named Coco and a son named Quincy. Her sister is Georgina McClements, a producer, who has credits in shows such as Summer Heights High and Real Stories, her brother is Brendan McClements, the current CEO of Victorian Major Events Company. McClements is good friends with fellow actress Claudia Karvan, whom she met at the AFI awards in 1990 and starred with in the film Redheads in 1992.
Catherine McClements on IMDb
Vincenzo Colosimo known professionally as Vince Colosimo is an Australian AFI Award winning stage and screen actor. He has worked in the United States, he is of Italian descent and resides in Melbourne, Australia. Colosimo was born in one of four children of Italian-born parents from Calabria, he grew up in the inner city suburb of Carlton North. He has a daughter, with his former wife, actress Jane Hall. Colosimo and Hall worked together on A Country Practice in 1994, he lived in Westgarth, a suburb of Melbourne, until late 2015. The mother of his second child is Australian actress Diana Glenn with whom he had a son, Massimo, in April 2014; the couple separated 2 months after the birth of Massimo. Colosimo has had some success on film in Australia, he made his film debut in the coming-of-age story Moving Out in 1983 and featured in 1984's Street Hero. Other credits include the cult movie Chopper, in which he played Melbourne drug dealer Neville Bartos opposite Eric Bana, The Wog Boy Lantana, Walking on Water, The Nugget, Take Away and Opal Dream.
In 2008, he starred alongside Leonardo DiCaprio in the 2008 American film Body of Lies. In 2010, Colosimo starred in Wog Boy 2: Kings of Mykonos. Colosimo appeared in the vampire film Daybreakers, starring alongside Sam Neill, Willem Dafoe and Ethan Hawke. In 2011, he starred in the film Face to Face, in 2012, he starred in Starz "Spartacus" Season 4, portrays a pirate leader. In 2013, he starred in The Great Gatsby alongside Leonardo DiCaprio as a coffee shop owner. Despite several movie roles and guest roles in A Country Practice, Good Guys Bad Guys and Stingers, it was not until his performance as Joe Sabatini in Something in the Air in 2001 and 2002 that resulted in wider exposure. In 2003, he starred After the Deluge. In 2003 and 2004, he played Dr. Rex Mariani in The Secret Life of Us. Vince starred as himself in episode 6 of the hit ABC series We Can Be Heroes, he is chosen as the actor to play Phil Olivetti in the fictional mini-series within the show. From 2005 until late 2007, Colosimo had guest roles in Blue Heelers, MDA, Two Twisted and City Homicide.
His American credits include popular shows such as The Practice and Without a Trace. In 2008, Colosimo had a busy year, he portrayed Melbourne gangland figure Alphonse Gangitano in the Channel 9 series Underbelly, played in Channel Ten's telemovie Emerald Falls and Channel Nine's Scorched. He appeared in Top Gear Australia's "Star in a bog-standard car" section in the first episode. In early 2009, Colosimo appeared in Carla Cametti PD, a six-part series that aired on SBS. In 2010, he had the leading male role in the Wicked Love: The Maria Korp Story. In 2012 he and his ancestors featured in the SBS show, Who Do You Think You Are? He announced in late 2013 that he would be reprising his role of Alphonse Gangitano in the sequel/spin-off series Fat Tony & Co. which will not be placed under the Underbelly franchise and will focus on the rise and fall of Tony Mokbel, who featured in the original series, played by Robert Mammone. Colosimo is part-owner of a cafe in Espresso Alley, with Vince Mazzone.
He sampled his voice on Snitch by Vanessa Amorosi in on her 2009 album Hazardous He was selected as one of the entrants to the Who's Who in Australia 2011 edition. In September 2016, Colosimo was charged by police after he was found in possession of Methamphetamine in Melbourne's north. In January 2017, he appeared in court where he had pleaded guilty and was fined $1000 without conviction and was put under a good behaviour bond for a year. AFI Awards 1982 – Nominated for "Best Actor in a Lead Role" 2001 – Won for "Best Actor in a Supporting Role" 2002 – Nominated for "Best Actor in a Lead Role" 2008 – Nominated for "Best Guest or Supporting Actor in a Television Drama" Logie Awards 2009 – Nominated for "Most Outstanding Actor" Newport Beach Film Festival, USA 2011 – Jury Award for best actor for Face to Face. Vince Colosimo on IMDb
Sydney is the state capital of New South Wales and the most populous city in Australia and Oceania. Located on Australia's east coast, the metropolis surrounds Port Jackson and extends about 70 km on its periphery towards the Blue Mountains to the west, Hawkesbury to the north, the Royal National Park to the south and Macarthur to the south-west. Sydney is made up of 40 local government areas and 15 contiguous regions. Residents of the city are known as "Sydneysiders"; as of June 2017, Sydney's estimated metropolitan population was 5,230,330 and is home to 65% of the state's population. Indigenous Australians have inhabited the Sydney area for at least 30,000 years, thousands of engravings remain throughout the region, making it one of the richest in Australia in terms of Aboriginal archaeological sites. During his first Pacific voyage in 1770, Lieutenant James Cook and his crew became the first Europeans to chart the eastern coast of Australia, making landfall at Botany Bay and inspiring British interest in the area.
In 1788, the First Fleet of convicts, led by Arthur Phillip, founded Sydney as a British penal colony, the first European settlement in Australia. Phillip named the city Sydney in recognition of 1st Viscount Sydney. Penal transportation to New South Wales ended soon after Sydney was incorporated as a city in 1842. A gold rush occurred in the colony in 1851, over the next century, Sydney transformed from a colonial outpost into a major global cultural and economic centre. After World War II, it experienced mass migration and became one of the most multicultural cities in the world. At the time of the 2011 census, more than 250 different languages were spoken in Sydney. In the 2016 Census, about 35.8% of residents spoke a language other than English at home. Furthermore, 45.4% of the population reported having been born overseas, making Sydney the 3rd largest foreign born population of any city in the world after London and New York City, respectively. Despite being one of the most expensive cities in the world, the 2018 Mercer Quality of Living Survey ranks Sydney tenth in the world in terms of quality of living, making it one of the most livable cities.
It is classified as an Alpha+ World City by Globalization and World Cities Research Network, indicating its influence in the region and throughout the world. Ranked eleventh in the world for economic opportunity, Sydney has an advanced market economy with strengths in finance and tourism. There is a significant concentration of foreign banks and multinational corporations in Sydney and the city is promoted as Australia's financial capital and one of Asia Pacific's leading financial hubs. Established in 1850, the University of Sydney is Australia's first university and is regarded as one of the world's leading universities. Sydney is home to the oldest library in Australia, State Library of New South Wales, opened in 1826. Sydney has hosted major international sporting events such as the 2000 Summer Olympics; the city is among the top fifteen most-visited cities in the world, with millions of tourists coming each year to see the city's landmarks. Boasting over 1,000,000 ha of nature reserves and parks, its notable natural features include Sydney Harbour, the Royal National Park, Royal Botanic Garden and Hyde Park, the oldest parkland in the country.
Built attractions such as the Sydney Harbour Bridge and the World Heritage-listed Sydney Opera House are well known to international visitors. The main passenger airport serving the metropolitan area is Kingsford-Smith Airport, one of the world's oldest continually operating airports. Established in 1906, Central station, the largest and busiest railway station in the state, is the main hub of the city's rail network; the first people to inhabit the area now known as Sydney were indigenous Australians having migrated from northern Australia and before that from southeast Asia. Radiocarbon dating suggests human activity first started to occur in the Sydney area from around 30,735 years ago. However, numerous Aboriginal stone tools were found in Western Sydney's gravel sediments that were dated from 45,000 to 50,000 years BP, which would indicate that there was human settlement in Sydney earlier than thought; the first meeting between the native people and the British occurred on 29 April 1770 when Lieutenant James Cook landed at Botany Bay on the Kurnell Peninsula and encountered the Gweagal clan.
He noted in his journal that they were somewhat hostile towards the foreign visitors. Cook was not commissioned to start a settlement, he spent a short time collecting food and conducting scientific observations before continuing further north along the east coast of Australia and claiming the new land he had discovered for Britain. Prior to the arrival of the British there were 4,000 to 8,000 native people in Sydney from as many as 29 different clans; the earliest British settlers called the natives Eora people. "Eora" is the term the indigenous population used to explain their origins upon first contact with the British. Its literal meaning is "from this place". Sydney Cove from Port Jackson to Petersham was inhabited by the Cadigal clan; the principal language groups were Darug and Dharawal. The earliest Europeans to visit the area noted that the indigenous people were conducting activities such as camping and fishing, using trees for bark and food, collecting shells, cooking fish. Britain—before that, England—and Ireland had for a long time been sending their convicts across the Atlantic to the American colonies.
That trade was ended with the Declaration of Independence by the United States in 1776. Britain decided in 1786 to found a new penal outpost in the territory discovered by Cook some 16 years ear
Bed and breakfast
A bed and breakfast is a small lodging establishment that offers overnight accommodation and breakfast. Bed and breakfasts are private family homes and have between four and eleven rooms, with six being the average. In addition, a B&B has the hosts living in the house. Bed and breakfast is used to describe the level of catering included in a hotel's room prices, as opposed to room only, half-board or full-board. Guests are accommodated in private bedrooms with private bathrooms, or in a suite of rooms including an en suite bathroom; some homes have private bedrooms with a bathroom, shared with other guests. Breakfast is served in a dining room, or the host's kitchen. B&Bs and guest houses may be operated as either a secondary source of income or a primary occupation; the owners themselves prepare the breakfast and clean the rooms, but some bed and breakfasts hire staff for cleaning or cooking. Properties with hired professional management are uncommon but may exist if the same owner operates multiple B&Bs.
Some B&Bs operate in a niche market. Floating bed and breakfasts are houseboats which offer B&B accommodation. In some communities, former lighthouse keeper quarters have been turned into B&B rooms after the light has been automated or decommissioned. In China expatriates have remodelled traditional structures in quiet picturesque rural areas and opened a few rustic boutique hotels with minimum amenities. Most patrons are tourists but they are growing in popularity among the Chinese. In Cuba, which opened up to tourism in the 1990s after the financial support of the Soviet Union ended, a form of B&B called casa particular became the main form of accommodation outside the tourist resorts. Not all casas particulares offer breakfast. In Hungary, B&Bs are popular, they are a small family-run hotel, have an intimate ambience and a pleasant atmosphere. It provides an affordable alternate for the hotels. In Hungarian the B&B is called "Panzió" or "Szálló". In India, the government is promoting the concept of breakfast.
The government is doing this to increase tourism keeping in view of the demand for hotels during the 2010 Commonwealth Games in Delhi. They have classified B&Bs in 2 categories - Gold B&Bs, Silver B&Bs. All B&Bs must be approved by the Ministry of Tourism, who will categorize it as Gold or Silver based upon a list of pre-defined criteria. Enormous growth in metro cities like Delhi, Pune and Mumbai have seen such rapid growth that people are rushing to these cities to find a respectable job for their respective trades, operating or hosting a Bed & Breakfast is becoming a favourite option among them. Average B&B service providers are offering standard services and other accoutrements that westerners have come to expect when traveling abroad; the basics include: air-conditioner or air cooler, free food, free wi-fi internet. Premium providers may offer extra services to justify the increased price; some of these services include, but are not limited to: buildings with a lift/elevator, no surcharge electricity use for the duration of a customers stay, free geyser usage.
50Mbit/s to 100Mbit/s leased internet line for guests, an intercom system, security with IP cameras that are monitored by security guards 24*7 rounds out the services provided to premium properties. The cost to rent a room at standard B&Bs are around $100 to $120 per person per month, premium B&B packages start around $180 per person per month, but may increase if more services are provided Registered Irish B&Bs are star rated by Fáilte Ireland and along with the majority unregistered B&Bs, form the B&B Owners Association Ireland. B&Bs in Ireland are family owned & run, with a small percentage being leased/managed but still with the personal service expected in this sector. Owners / Managers nearly always live on premises. Breakfast can mean continental style buffet; the Israeli B&B is known as a zimmer. All over the country, but in northern Israel the zimmer has developed into an extensive industry; this industry began to develop in the 1990s, when agriculture became less profitable, many families with farms in moshavim, farms and in cities decided to try their luck in the business of hospitality.
In the last decade, there has been development of bed and breakfasts in southern Israel in the Negev. In Italy, regional law regulates B&Bs. There is a national law "Legge 29 marzo 2001, n. 135" but each region maintains a specific regulation. Each region can adopt different regulations but they must observe the national law on Tourism. Bed & Breakfast in the Netherlands means what it says, namely'bed with breakfast'. In the Netherlands, it is often referred to as lodgings with breakfast, a guestroom or guesthouse. Bed & Breakfast is a small-scale type of accommodation, available to guests for a short stay. Nearly all bed & breakfasts are established in a residential home and are run by the owners of that particular residence. Dutch bed & breakfasts are held in historic monumental houses or farms. There are 5,000 bed & breakfasts in the Netherlands. Bed and breakfasts in New Zealand tend to be more expensive than motels and feature historic homes and furnished bedrooms at a commensurate price; the trend of B&Bs in Pakistan is quite widespread.
Popular resorts like Murree, which attract many tourists from different parts of the country, have a number of such res