Emerald Triangle

The Emerald Triangle is a region in Northern California, named as such due to it being the largest cannabis-producing region in the United States. The region is made up of Humboldt and Trinity Counties. Growers have been cultivating cannabis plants in this region since the 1960s; the industry exploded in the region with the passage of California Proposition 215 which legalized use of cannabis for medicinal purposes in California. Growing cannabis in The Emerald Triangle is considered a way of life, the locals believe that everyone living in this region is either directly or indirectly reliant on the cannabis industry. There is an environmental impact of outdoor cannabis production in the Emerald Triangle, unregulated, it can include illegal damming and taking of water from streams. Clearcutting and roadbuilding for the cannabis plantations can lead to habitat degradation which endangers salmon; the activities occur illegally on public land. In 1984, Humboldt County residents filed a federal lawsuit claiming they had been subject to illegal surveillance by U-2 high-altitude reconnaissance aircraft utilized by the multiagency Campaign Against Marijuana Planting.

The total population in the Emerald Triangle is 236,250 according to the 2010 census. The majority of the population is spread throughout the woody hills that make up the area. In this sparsely populated region, only the city of Eureka has an urban area approaching 50,000 people; the second and third largest cities, by far larger than any other cities in the region, are Arcata, with 17,231 people, Ukiah, with 16,075 people. With an area of 11,138 square miles, the Emerald Triangle population density is 21/mi2


Copplestone is a village, former manor and civil parish in Mid Devon in the English county of Devon. It is not an ecclesiastical parish as it has no church of its own, which reflects its status as a recent settlement which grew up around the ancient "Copleston Cross" that stands at the junction of the three ancient ecclesiastical parishes of Colebrooke and Down St Mary; the small parish is surrounded clockwise from the north by the parishes of Sandford, Crediton Hamlets, Colebrooke and Down St Mary. According to the 2001 census the parish had a population of 894, increasing to 1,253 in 2011, it is situated right in the middle of Devon half way between Exeter and Barnstaple on the A377, nestled in a valley. Copplestone is a major part of the Yeo electoral ward whose total ward population was 3,488 at the above census; the Tarka Line railway goes through the middle of the village and calls at Copplestone railway station. Copplestone is surrounded by hills and is not far from Dartmoor, visible to the east and Exmoor to the north, a little farther away.

The surrounding countryside has been used for agriculture from before Roman occupation of the area. In the centre of the village, standing at the junction of the three parishes of Colebrooke and Down St Mary, is the Copplestone Cross, a granite pillar, said to be either a boundary stone or the surviving shaft of a decorated late Saxon cross, it stands 3.2 metres high, is 0.6 metres square, covered with intricate relief sculpted decoration. The granite for the cross must have been brought some 9 miles from Dartmoor, which suggests it had some deep cultural significance, it was mentioned as Copelan Stan in a charter dated 974. Putta, the second and last Bishop of Tawton, was murdered in 910 whilst travelling from his see at Bishops Tawton, on the River Taw 2 miles south of Barnstaple in North Devon, to visit the Saxon viceroy Uffa, whose residence was at Crediton, it is believed that Copplestone Cross, situated 6 miles north-west of Crediton and 22 miles south-east of Bishops Tawton, was erected in commemoration of his murder at this spot.

Media related to Copplestone at Wikimedia Commons

Ellicott's Rock

Ellicott’s Rock is a survey marker placed in 1811 by Andrew Ellicott as part of his survey to resolve the boundary dispute between the U. S. states of North Carolina. The boundary dispute involved a brief armed conflict between the two called the Walton War, followed by an 1807 survey that Georgia refused to accept. Ellicott, hired by Georgia, undertook a new survey, he engraved a large rock in the Chattooga River with "N-G". The location had been prescribed in part in 1787 by the Treaty of Beaufort, though the river was not named explicitly, but rather as a then-undiscovered tributary of the Savannah River between Georgia and South Carolina; the nominal latitude of 35°N was specified by the U. S. Congress. Two years after Ellicott's survey, commissioners representing North Carolina and South Carolina marked a different large rock along the Chattooga River bank with the inscription "Lat 35 AD 1813 NC + S. C." as the juncture where the South Carolina and North Carolina state lines joined. The rock marked by the commissioners in 1813, rather than the rock marked by Ellicott in 1811, is mistakenly called Ellicott Rock or Ellicott's Rock.

To clarify this misnomer, it is called Commissioners Rock. There are two versions in print on the distance between the two rocks. One is. In the other story, the rocks are much closer. De Hart's South Carolina Trails guide said that they are a "few feet apart." In the North Carolina trail guide, he said Commissioner Rock is "ten feet downstream." This rock was listed in the National Register of Historic Places in 1973, is located in Ellicott Rock Wilderness. Neither of the rocks is on the 35th parallel as Congress specified; that line is located about 230 feet to the south of Ellicott Rock, as shown on Google Maps. A midpoint several miles to the west is much further off, by over a mile in the opposite direction, creating the only significant bend in the otherwise-straight border between the two states; the only endpoint at 35°N is at the Mississippi River, the error affecting Tennessee, as well as the Mississippi Territory, created from Georgia's Yazoo lands. Because the error was on the part of Georgia, because Georgia failed to appeal in a reasonable amount of time, the boundary permanently remains offset, leading to a modern dispute over water in the Tennessee River near Chattanooga, where a small part of Nickajack Lake would have been in Georgia were it not for the errors in Ellicott's survey.

National Museum of Surveying article Location of Ellicott's Rock U. S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Ellicott Riock