Emerging power

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Diagram of some international coalitions (BASIC, BRICS, G5 and IBAS/IBSA) of some emerging powers ( Brazil,  China,  India,  Russia and  South Africa) plus  Mexico.

An emerging power or rising power is a term used as recognition of the rising, primarily influence of a nation—or union of nations—which has steadily increased their presence in global affairs. Such a power aspires to have a more powerful position or role in international relations, either regionally or globally, and possess sufficient resources and levels of development that such goals are potentially achievable. A term also used to describe such a state is "rising power".[1] Rising powers such as China and India may also be viewed as coincidental to the perceived decline of American hegemony in world politics.[2]


There are few available conceptualizations of the term "emerging power". Therefore, there is no standard or agreed method to decide which states are emerging powers; however a fundamental characteristic of an emerging power is that it is also an emerging economy, being that economic development is necessary and preliminary to political and military emergence.[3] It has been argued that while a country may be an emerging power, it is above anything else an emerging economy with only the potential or hope of increasing their global influence; this is because of several limiting factors, largely the seven dimensions of state power; geography, population, economy, resources, military, diplomacy and national identity.[4] Traditionally, only great powers or superpowers have succeeded in all seven dimensions of state power.

The BRICS[5] are often cited as being emerging powers, but at varying stages of development and of varying degrees of potential. For example, Russia, which was once a superpower, is now re-emerging in some aspects of state power following the fall of the Soviet Union. China and India are emerging as potential superpowers, while Brazil is emerging as a possible great power.

List of emerging powers[edit]

The term emerging power is often used to delineate the following countries:

Although there is no exact and agreed upon definition of what constitutes an emerging power, the term has sometimes been also applied to the following countries:

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Google nGram: Emerging powers vs Rising powers".
  2. ^ Regilme, Salvador Santino F Jr, and James Parisot. (2017) Introduction: Debating American Hegemony – Global Cooperation and Conflict . In American Hegemony and the Rise of Emerging Powers, Cooperation or Conflict, edited by James Parisot and Salvador Santino F Jr Regilme. Abingdon and New York.https://www.routledge.com/American-Hegemony-and-the-Rise-of-Emerging-Powers-Cooperation-or-Conflict/Regilme-Parisot/p/book/9781138693814
  3. ^ Kennedy, Paul (1987). The Rise and Fall of the Great Powers. Random House. ISBN 0679-720197.
  4. ^ a b Renard, Thomas; Biscop, Sven (2013). The European Union and Emerging Powers in the 21st Century: How Europe Can Shape a New Global Order.
  5. ^ a b c d e f Shaw, Timothy M.; Cornelissen, Scarlett; Miranda, Liliana Avendãno; McDonald, Matthew (June 2010). "The Emerging Politics of the Emerging Powers: The BRICs and the Global South" (PDF). The China Monitor. University of Stellenbosch, South Africa: Centre For Chinese Studies. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 December 2013. Retrieved 4 December 2013.
  6. ^ a b c d e Stacy White, CSIS: Emerging Powers, Emerging Donors, Published February 2011
  7. ^ a b c d e f g Parliamentary Information and Research Service: Emerging Powers in the global system, parl.gc.ca, 27 March 2006
  8. ^ a b c d e FRIDE: The international arena and emerging powers: stabilising or destabilising forces?, Susanne Gratius, April 2008
  9. ^ Buzan, Barry (2004). The United States and the Great Powers. Cambridge, United Kingdom: Polity Press. p. 70. ISBN 0-7456-3375-7.
  10. ^ a b c d What does it mean to be an Emerging Power?, moderndiplomacy.eu, 3 May 2015
  11. ^ https://www.pwc.com/jp/en/japan-press-room/press-release/2017/world-in-2050-170213.html
  12. ^ https://www.telegraph.co.uk/finance/globalbusiness/11441732/Colombia-from-failed-state-to-Latin-American-powerhouse.html
  13. ^ http://fortune.com/2015/01/22/the-new-world-of-business/
  14. ^ Iran An Emerging Power in Perspective, saisjournal.org, GARY SICK
  15. ^ "Nigeria, an Emerging African Power". BET. 20 July 2011. Retrieved 27 April 2015.
  16. ^ "MINT Countries: Nigeria Now Listed Among Emerging World Economic Powers!". The Street Journal. 7 January 2014. Retrieved 27 April 2015.
  17. ^ "The Mint countries: Next economic giants?". BBC. 6 January 2014. Retrieved 27 April 2015.
  18. ^ "Caught between China and the US: The Kiwi place in a newly confrontational world". Stuff. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  19. ^ communications@waikato.ac.nz (5 June 2018). "New Zealand's Pacific reset: strategic anxieties about rising China". www.waikato.ac.nz. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  20. ^ Ayele, Yoseph (28 September 2017). "The Growing Momentum for Global Impact in New Zealand". Edmund Hillary Fellowship. Retrieved 16 June 2019.

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