Colorado Springs Millionaires
The Colorado Springs Millionaires were a minor league baseball team, based in Colorado Springs, Colorado that played in the Western League. The first Colorado Springs team played in the Colorado State League in 1889 and 1896 before the Millionaires were formed in 1901 and played through 1905 when they moved to Pueblo, Colorado to become the Pueblo Indians; the Millionaires returned in 1912 in the Rocky Mountain League but they moved at mid-season to Dawson, New Mexico and became the Dawson Stags. The final version of the team played in 1916 in the Western League when the Wichita Witches relocated to Colorado Springs. Baseball Reference
Andrew James "Swede" Oberlander was an American football player and coach. He was an All-American halfback for Dartmouth College's Indians undefeated and national championship football team in 1925. Oberlander was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame as a player in 1954. Oberlander was converted to halfback from the tackle position, had a "terrific straight arm". In 1925, Oberlander passed for 14 touchdowns and ran for 12. Dartmouth defeated Harvard 32 -- its best victory to date over the Crimson. In a 62–13 victory over Cornell, Oberlander had 477 yards in total offense, including six touchdown passes, a Dartmouth record which still stands, he was responsible for some 500 yards of total offense. Cornell coach Gil Dobie responded "We won the game 13–0, passing is not football." The season closed with a 33–7 victory over defending Big Ten champion Chicago. Oberlander threw three touchdowns. Oberlander was an assistant coach at Ohio State University from 1926 to 1929 and head coach at Wesleyan University from 1930 to 1933.
While at Wesleyan, he received his MD from Yale School of Medicine. In World War II, as a Lt. Commander in the United States Navy Reserve, he was chief medical officer aboard the USS Samaritan, in the Pacific Fleet; when the war ended, many U. S. troops remained in the Far East awaiting transportation back to the States. Oberlander was head coach of the Navy All-Stars team that beat the Army team 12–0 in the China Bowl on November 30, 1945 in Shanghai. Oberlander served as Medical Director for National Life Insurance Company of Vermont and Prudential Insurance Company in Chicago and Newark
Stockton is a city in Cedar County, United States. The population was 1,819 at the 2010 census, it is the county seat of Cedar County. Stockton was platted in 1846, it was named Lancaster, but was renamed Fremont in 1847 in honor of John C. Frémont. In 1857 it was renamed again, in honor of Robert F. Stockton; the Montgomery Archeological Site and Stockton Community Building are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.14 square miles, of which 2.10 square miles is land and 0.04 square miles is water. The town lies just west of the Stockton Lake dam 40 miles northwest of Springfield. On May 4, 2003, a large, destructive tornado damaged the city of Stockton. After decimating the historic business district and damaging or destroying over 250 homes, the tornado proceeded east through the countryside; the storm caused the deaths of three Stockton residents and injuries of numerous others. The Stockton tornado began in Barton County, near Liberal, moved north/eastward through Cedar and Polk counties before dissipating east of the Dallas County line.
As of the census of 2010, there were 1,819 people, 774 households, 470 families residing in the city. The population density was 866.2 inhabitants per square mile. There were 949 housing units at an average density of 451.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 97.0% White, 0.1% African American, 0.8% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.1% from other races, 1.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.4% of the population. There were 774 households of which 30.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.9% were married couples living together, 12.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.8% had a male householder with no wife present, 39.3% were non-families. 35.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 22% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.92. The median age in the city was 43.7 years. 24.5% of residents were under the age of 18.
The gender makeup of the city was 46.4% male and 53.6% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,960 people, 814 households, 473 families residing in the city; the population density was 921.7 people per square mile. There were 968 housing units at an average density of 455.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 95.66% White, 0.41% African American, 0.51% Native American, 1.12% Asian, 0.51% from other races, 1.79% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.94% of the population. There were 814 households out of which 25.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.8% were married couples living together, 8.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 41.8% were non-families. 38.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 23.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.14 and the average family size was 2.85. In the city, the population was spread out with 27.5% under the age of 18, 6.7% from 18 to 24, 20.7% from 25 to 44, 18.7% from 45 to 64, 26.4% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 77.4 males. The median income for a household in the city was $25,353, the median income for a family was $34,427. Males had a median income of $22,574 versus $19,688 for females; the per capita income for the city was $14,540. About 7.0% of families and 14.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.0% of those under age 18 and 10.5% of those age 65 or over. Emil Liston, basketball coach and administrator, member of the Basketball Hall of Fame. Historic maps of Stockton in the Sanborn Maps of Missouri Collection at the University of Missouri• Cedar County Republican newspaper
Wesley Eugene Fesler was an American football and baseball player and coach of football and basketball. He was a three-sport athlete at Ohio State University and a consensus first-team selection to the College Football All-America Team three straight years. Fesler was the head football coach at Wesleyan University, the University of Pittsburgh, Ohio State, the University of Minnesota, compiling a career record of 41–40–8, he was the head basketball coach at Harvard University and Princeton University, tallying a mark of 78–139. Fesler was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame as a player in 1954. Fesler came to Ohio State from Ohio. At Ohio State, Fesler was a member of both Pi Kappa Alpha and Phi Beta Kappa, earning a total of nine varsity letters in baseball and football, he was a charter inductee in the Ohio State Varsity O Hall of Fame in 1977. Many believe, he played end and was a consensus first-team All-America selection in 1928 and 1929 and a unanimous first-team All-America selection in 1930.
Depending on the game situation, he would sometimes move into the backfield as a fullback. In 1930, he was voted the Most Valuable Player in the Big Ten. Jock Sutherland, the University of Pittsburgh coach, called Fesler "a one man team, it is unbelievable how that boy can do so many things." In 1939 Grantland Rice listed Fesler at end on his all-time college football team. Fesler was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame in 1954. In 1934, high-speed photographer "Doc" Edgerton took the now-classic photograph "Wes Fesler Kicking a Football." The stroboscope photograph demonstrated the dent in the ball at the point of contact. In basketball Fesler was a guard, he was the basketball captain as a junior in the Spring of 1930, the football captain as a senior in the Autumn of that year. He was Ohio State's first consensus first-team All-America selection in basketball in 1931. Fesler ignored interest from teams of the National Football League and instead pursued a career in coaching, he began his coaching career as an assistant to his Ohio State football coach, Sam Willaman, in 1931 and 1932.
In 1933, Fesler accepted an offer from Harvard University as head coach of the basketball team and backfield coach of the football team. He stayed at Harvard until 1941, his stint at Harvard turned out to be the longest tenure of his career. In 1941, Fesler accepted an offer from Wesleyan University to be the head coach of their football team; the Wesleyan football program was interrupted after the 1942 season by World War II. In 1945, Fesler accepted an offer from Princeton as head basketball coach and assistant football coach, he became the head football coach at the University of Pittsburgh in 1946. In 1947, he became the head coach at Ohio State, he resigned on December 9, 1950, citing "excessive pressure for winning football games". After leaving Ohio State, he became head coach at the University of Minnesota from 1951–1953. Fesler's 1949 Ohio State team was the Big Ten Conference co-champion and beat California in the Rose Bowl. Fesler developed the talents of 1950 Heisman Trophy winner Vic Janowicz at Ohio State and two-time Big Ten MVP Paul Giel at Minnesota.
Fesler had a stronger record as a football coach than as a basketball coach. His combined record as a major college football head coach, at Pitt, Ohio State, Minnesota, was 34–31–8, his combined record as basketball head coach at Harvard and Princeton was 67–108. Wes Fesler at the College Football Hall of Fame
Kansas City Times
The Kansas City Times was a morning newspaper in Kansas City, published from 1867 to 1990. The morning Kansas City Times, under ownership of afternoon The Kansas City Star, won two Pulitzer Prizes and was bigger than its parent when its name was changed to The Star. John C. Moore and John Newman Edwards founded The Times in 1867 to support the Democratic Party's anti-Reconstruction policies. Edwards had been adjutant of Confederate general Joseph O. Shelby's division during the Civil War and claimed to have had more horses shot out from under him than anyone else in Shelby's division. Moore was a colonel under Shelby, before that chief of staff to General John S. Marmaduke, judge adjutant general, second in the Marmaduke-Walker duel. William Rockhill Nelson bought The Times on October 19, 1901 because he wanted The Times' Associated Press wire. Nelson applied a subheading to the newspaper The Morning Kansas City Star and proclaimed that The Kansas City Star empire was a 24-hour-a-day newspaper.
In accordance with Nelson's will, employees took over the newspaper in 1926 upon the death of Nelson's daughter. The Star and Times were locally owned by employees until 1977, when they were sold to Capital Cities. Under the corporate ownership, The Times had higher circulation than its evening brother. Capital Cities made attempts to make; the Times won its only Pulitzer Prizes in 1982. Rick Atkinson won an award for"National Reporting"; the Times shared an award with The Star for "Local General or Spot New Reporting" for its coverage of the Hyatt Regency walkway collapse. Demographics across the country showed throughout the 1980s that morning newspapers were stronger than afternoon papers. On March 1, 1990, The Star applied its name to the morning paper and The Times name disappeared, Kansas City no longer had an afternoon daily. PBS American Experience Article on John Newman Edwards
Wichita is the largest city in the U. S. state of Kansas and the county seat of Sedgwick County. As of 2017, the estimated population of the city was 390,591. Wichita is the principal city of the Wichita metropolitan area which had an estimated population of 644,610 in 2015. Located in south-central Kansas on the Arkansas River, Wichita began as a trading post on the Chisholm Trail in the 1860s and was incorporated as a city in 1870, it became a destination for cattle drives traveling north from Texas to Kansas railroads, earning it the nickname "Cowtown."In the 1920s and'30s, businessmen and aeronautical engineers established aircraft manufacturing companies in Wichita, including Beechcraft and Stearman Aircraft. The city became a U. S. aircraft production hub known as "The Air Capital of the World." Textron Aviation, Learjet and Spirit AeroSystems continue to operate design and manufacturing facilities in Wichita, the city remains a major center of the American aircraft industry. Wichita is home to McConnell Air Force Base, Wichita Dwight D. Eisenhower National Airport, the largest airport in Kansas.
As an industrial hub, Wichita is a regional center of culture and trade. It hosts several universities, large museums, theaters and entertainment venues, notably Intrust Bank Arena and Century II Performing Arts & Convention Center; the city's Old Cowtown Museum maintains historical artifacts and exhibits on the city's early history. Wichita State University is the third-largest post-secondary institution in the state. Archaeological evidence indicates human habitation near the confluence of the Arkansas and Little Arkansas Rivers, the site of present-day Wichita, as early as 3000 B. C. In 1541, a Spanish expedition led by explorer Francisco Vázquez de Coronado found the area populated by the Quivira, or Wichita, people. Conflict with the Osage in the 1750s drove the Wichita further south. Prior to American settlement of the region, the site was located in the territory of the Kiowa. Claimed first by France as part of Louisiana and acquired by the United States with the Louisiana Purchase in 1803, it became part of Kansas Territory in 1854 and the state of Kansas in 1861.
The Wichita returned in 1864 due to the American Civil War and established a settlement on the banks of the Little Arkansas. During this period, trader Jesse Chisholm established a trading post at the site, one of several along a trail extending south to Texas which became known as the Chisholm Trail. After the war, the Wichita permanently relocated south to Indian Territory. In 1868, trader James R. Mead established another trading post at the site, surveyor Darius Munger built a house for use as a hotel, community center, post office. Business opportunities attracted area hunters and traders, a new settlement began to form; that summer and others organized the Wichita Town Company, naming the settlement after the Wichita tribe. In 1870, Munger and German immigrant William "Dutch Bill" Greiffenstein filed plats laying out the city's first streets. Wichita formally incorporated as a city on July 21, 1870. Wichita's position on the Chisholm Trail made it a destination for cattle drives traveling north from Texas to access railroads which led to markets in eastern U.
S. cities. The Atchison and Santa Fe Railway reached the city in 1872; as a result, Wichita became a railhead for the cattle drives, earning it the nickname "Cowtown". Across the Arkansas River, the town of Delano became an entertainment destination for cattlemen thanks to its saloons and lack of law enforcement; the area had a reputation for violence until local lawmen, Wyatt Earp among them, began to assertively police the cowboys. By the end of the decade, the cattle trade had moved west to Dodge City. Wichita annexed Delano in 1880. Rapid immigration resulted in a speculative land boom in the late 1880s, stimulating further expansion of the city. Fairmount College, which grew into Wichita State University, opened in 1886. By 1890, Wichita had become the third-largest city in the state after Kansas City and Topeka with a population of nearly 24,000. After the boom, the city entered an economic recession, many of the original settlers went bankrupt. In 1914 and 1915, deposits of oil and natural gas were discovered in nearby Butler County.
This triggered another economic boom in Wichita as producers established refineries, fueling stations, headquarters in the city. By 1917, there were five operating refineries in Wichita with another seven built in the 1920s; the careers and fortunes of future oil moguls Archibald Derby, who founded Derby Oil, Fred C. Koch, who established what would become Koch Industries, both began in Wichita during this period; the money generated by the oil boom enabled local entrepreneurs to invest in the nascent airplane manufacturing industry. In 1917, Clyde Cessna built his Cessna Comet in the first aircraft built in the city. In 1920, two local oilmen invited Chicago aircraft builder Emil "Matty" Laird to manufacture his designs in Wichita, leading to the formation of the Swallow Airplane Company. Two early Swallow employees, Lloyd Stearman and Walter Beech, went on to found two prominent Wichita-based companies, Stearman Aircraft in 1926 and Beechcraft in 1932, respectively. Cessna, started his own company in Wichita in 1927.
The city became such a center of the industry that the Aeronautical Chamber of Commerce dubbed it the "Air Capital of the World" in 1929. Over the following decades and aircraft manufacturing continued to drive expansion of the city. In 1934, Stearman's Wichita facilities became part of Boeing which would become the city's largest employer. I
Kansas City, Missouri
Kansas City is the largest city in the U. S. state of Missouri. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the city had an estimated population of 488,943 in 2017, making it the 37th most-populous city in the United States, it is the central city of the Kansas City metropolitan area, which straddles the Kansas–Missouri state line. Kansas City was founded in the 1830s as a Missouri River port at its confluence with the Kansas River coming in from the west. On June 1, 1850 the town of Kansas was incorporated. Confusion between the two ensued and the name Kansas City was assigned to distinguish them soon after. Sitting on Missouri's western boundary, with Downtown near the confluence of the Kansas and Missouri Rivers, the modern city encompasses some 319.03 square miles, making it the 23rd largest city by total area in the United States. Most of the city lies within Jackson County, but portions spill into Clay and Platte counties. Along with Independence, one of its major suburbs, it serves as one of the two county seats of Jackson County.
Other major suburbs include the Missouri cities of Blue Springs and Lee's Summit and the Kansas cities of Overland Park and Kansas City. The city is composed of several neighborhoods, including the River Market District in the north, the 18th and Vine District in the east, the Country Club Plaza in the south. Kansas City is known for its long tradition of jazz music and culture, for its cuisine, its craft breweries. Kansas City, Missouri was incorporated as a town on June 1, 1850, as a city on March 28, 1853; the territory straddling the border between Missouri and Kansas at the confluence of the Kansas and Missouri rivers was considered a good place to build settlements. The Antioch Christian Church, Dr. James Compton House, Woodneath are listed on the National Register of Historic Places; the first documented European visitor to Kansas City was Étienne de Veniard, Sieur de Bourgmont, the first European to explore the lower Missouri River. Criticized for his response to the Native American attack on Fort Détroit, he had deserted his post as fort commander and was avoiding French authorities.
Bourgmont lived with a Native American wife in a village about 90 miles east near Brunswick, where he illegally traded furs. To clear his name, he wrote Exact Description of Louisiana, of Its Harbors and Rivers, Names of the Indian Tribes That Occupy It, the Commerce and Advantages to Be Derived Therefrom for the Establishment of a Colony in 1713 followed in 1714 by The Route to Be Taken to Ascend the Missouri River. In the documents, he describes the junction of the "Grande Riv des Cansez" and Missouri River, making him the first to adopt those names. French cartographer Guillaume Delisle used the descriptions to make the area's first reasonably accurate map; the Spanish took over the region in the Treaty of Paris in 1763, but were not to play a major role other than taxing and licensing Missouri River ship traffic. The French continued their fur trade under Spanish license; the Chouteau family operated under Spanish license at St. Louis in the lower Missouri Valley as early as 1765 and in 1821 the Chouteaus reached Kansas City, where François Chouteau established Chouteau's Landing.
After the 1804 Louisiana Purchase and Clark visited the confluence of the Kansas and Missouri rivers, noting it was a good place to build a fort. In 1831, a group of Mormons from New York settled in, they built the first school within Kansas City's current boundaries, but were forced out by mob violence in 1833 and their settlement remained vacant. In 1833 John McCoy, son of missionary Isaac McCoy, established West Port along the Santa Fe Trail, 3 miles away from the river. In 1834 McCoy established Westport Landing on a bend in the Missouri to serve as a landing point for West Port. Soon after, the Kansas Town Company, a group of investors, began to settle the area, taking their name from an English spelling of "Cansez." In 1850, the landing area was incorporated as the Town of Kansas. By that time, the Town of Kansas and nearby Independence, had become critical points in the United States' westward expansion. Three major trails – the Santa Fe, Oregon – all passed through Jackson County. On February 22, 1853, the City of Kansas was created with a newly elected mayor.
It had an area of 0.70 square miles and a population of 2,500. The boundary lines at that time extended from the middle of the Missouri River south to what is now Ninth Street, from Bluff Street on the west to a point between Holmes Road and Charlotte Street on the east; the Kansas City area was rife with animosity just prior to the U. S. Civil War. Kansas petitioned the U. S. to enter the Union as a free state that did not allow slavery under the new doctrine of popular sovereignty. Missouri had many slaves, slavery sympathizers crossed into Kansas to sway the state towards allowing slavery, at first by ballot box and by bloodshed. During the Civil War, the city and its immediate surroundings were the focus of intense military activity. Although the First Battle of Independence in August 1862 resulted in a Confederate States Army victory, the Confederates were unable to leverage their win in any significant fashion, as Kansas City was occupied by Union troops and proved too fortified to assault.
The Second Battle of Independence, which occurred on October 21–22, 1864 as part of Sterling Price's Missouri expedition of 1864 resulted in a Confederate triumph. Once again their victory proved hollow, as Price was decisively defeated in the pivotal Battle of Westport the next day ending Confederate e