An Emmy Award, or Emmy, is an American award that recognizes excellence in the television industry. It is presented at numerous annual events held throughout the calendar year, each honoring one of the various sectors of the television industry; the two ceremonies that receive the most media coverage are the Primetime Emmy Awards and the Daytime Emmy Awards, which recognize outstanding work in American primetime and daytime entertainment programming, respectively. Other notable Emmy events include those honoring national sports programming, national news and documentary shows, technological and engineering achievements in television, including the Primetime Engineering Emmy Awards. Regional Emmy Awards are presented throughout the country at various times through the year, recognizing excellence in local and statewide television. In addition, the International Emmy Awards honor excellence in TV programming produced and aired outside the United States; the Emmy is named after "immy", an informal term for the image orthicon tube, common in early television cameras.
The statuette depicts a winged woman holding an atom. The Emmy is considered one of the four major American entertainment awards, the others being the Grammy, the Oscar, the Tony. Three related, but separate, organizations present the Emmy Award: the Academy of Television Arts & Sciences, the National Academy of Television Arts & Sciences, the International Academy of Television Arts and Sciences; the ATAS first awarded the Emmy in 1949 to honor shows produced in the Los Angeles area before it became a national event in the 1950s to honor programs aired nationwide. Over the next two decades, the ATAS, the NATAS, the IATAS expanded the award to honor other areas of the TV industry, with each organization responsible for administering a particular set of Emmy competitions; the Los Angeles–based Academy of Television Arts & Sciences established the Emmy Award as part of an image-building and public relations opportunity. The first Emmy ceremony took place on January 25, 1949, at the Hollywood Athletic Club, but to honor shows produced and aired locally in the Los Angeles area.
Shirley Dinsdale has the distinction of receiving the first Emmy Award for Most Outstanding Television Personality, during that first awards ceremony. The term "Emmy" is a French alteration of the television crew slang term "Immy", the nickname for an "image orthicon", a camera tube used in TV production. In the 1950s, the ATAS expanded the Emmys into a national event to honor shows aired nationwide on broadcast television. In 1955, the National Academy of Television Arts and Sciences was formed in New York City as a sister organization to serve members on the East Coast. While the ATAS maintained a separate ceremony to honor shows aired locally in the Los Angeles area, the NATAS established regional chapters throughout the rest of the United States, with each one developing their own local Emmy ceremony for local programming. There was only one Emmy event held per year to honor shows nationally broadcast in the United States. In 1974, the first Daytime Emmy ceremony was held to honor achievement in national daytime programming.
Other area-specific Emmy events soon followed. The International Emmy Awards, honoring television programs produced and aired outside the U. S. was established in the early 1970s. Meanwhile, all Emmys awarded prior to the emergence of these separate, area-specific events are listed along with the Primetime Emmy Awards in the ATAS's official records. In 1977, due to various conflicts, the ATAS and the NATAS agreed to split ties. However, they agreed to share ownership of the Emmy statue and trademark, with each responsible for administering a specific set of award events. There was an exception regarding the Engineering Awards: The NATAS continues to administer the Technology & Engineering Emmy Awards, while the ATAS holds the separate Primetime Engineering Emmy Awards. With the rise of cable television in the 1980s, cable programs first became eligible for the Primetime Emmys in 1988, the Daytime Emmys in 1989. In 2011, the ABC Television Network cancelled the soap operas All My Children and One Life to Live, sold the two shows' licensing rights to the production company Prospect Park so they could be continued on web television.
The ATAS began accepting original online-only web television programs in 2013. The Emmy statuette, depicting a winged woman holding an atom, was designed by television engineer Louis McManus, who used his wife as the model; the ATAS rejected forty-seven proposals before settling on McManus's design in 1948. The statuette "has since become the symbol of the TV Academy's goal of supporting and uplifting the art and science of television: The wings represent the muse of art. However, "Ike" was the popular nickname of World War II hero and future U. S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower, the ATAS members wanted something unique. Television engineer and the third academy president Harry Lubcke suggested the name "Immy", a term used for the image orthicon tube used in the early cameras. After "Immy" was chosen, it was feminized to Emmy to match their female statuette; each Primetime Emmy statuette weighs six pounds, twelve-and-a
Sicarelle was a French Thoroughbred racehorse and broodmare. Her racing career comprised six races in six months between April and October 1956. After wins in the Prix Perdita and Prix des Lilas she won the Epsom Oaks, she was unplaced in her next three races before being retired from racing. She had some success as a broodmare in the United States. Sicarelle was a bay mare with a white blaze and a white sock on her left hind leg bred in France by her owner Suzy Volterra who had inherited the racing interests of her late husband Leon Volterra in 1949; the filly was sent into training with Francois Mathet at Chantilly. She was from the first crop of foals sired by Sicambre, who won the Prix du Jockey Club and the Grand Prix de Paris in 1951, he went on to produce numerous other top-class winners including Celtic Ash and Roi Dagobert. Sicarelle's dam Royale Maitresse was a granddaughter of the British broodmare Tout Paris whose other descendants have included Master Willie and Subotica. Sicarelle was unraced as a juvenile and did not make her racecourse debut until April 1956 when she won the Prix Perdita at Tremblay Park.
In May she followed up by winning the Prix des Lilas over 1600 metres at Longchamp Racecourse. In the 178th running of the Oaks over one and a half miles at Epsom Downs Racecourse on 9 June Sicarelle was ridden by Freddy Palmer and started the 3/1 favourite against thirteen opponents headed by the 1000 Guineas winner Honeylight, she won the race "comfortably" by three lengths from Janiari with a gap of six lengths back to Yasmin in third place. The first three finishers were all trained in France. Sicarelle failed to reproduce her best form in three subsequent races; when moved up in distance and matched against male opposition she finished towards the rear of the field in the 1600 metre Grand Prix de Paris at Longchamp. She finished unplaced behind Janiari. On her final start in October he ran unplaced behind Ribot in the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe. At the end of the 1956 season the independent Timeform organisation gave Sicarelle a rating of 128. In their book, A Century of Champions, based on the Timeform rating system, John Randall and Tony Morris rated Sicarelle a "superior" winner of the Oaks.
At the end of her racing career Sicarelle became a broodmare in France before being acquired by Claiborne Farm and exported to the United States. She produced at least six foals and four winners between 1959 and 1969: Norsarello, a colt, foaled in 1959, sired by Norseman Tanarelle, bay filly, 1961, by Tanerko Might, brown colt, 1966, by Bold Ruler. Won nine races. Triumphantly, bay filly, 1967, by Bold Ruler. Won four races. Ellesica, bay filly, 1968, by Bold Ruler. Won three races. Crying To Run, bay or brown colt, 1969, by Bold Ruler. Won one race. Through her dam, Sicarelle was inbred 3 × 4 to Teddy,meaning that this stallion appears in both the third and fourth generations of her pedigree
Abdus Sattar was an Indian National Congress politician, seven-time MLA and cabinet minister in the state. Abdus Sattar, son of Kalimuddin Biswas, was born at Lalgola in Murshidabad district on 5 June 1925, he did his degree in law from the University of Calcutta. In 1965, he was leader of the Congress Party in the West Bengal Legislative Council, he won from the Lalgola in 1967, 1969, 1971, 1972, 1977, 1982 and 1987. He was in the UDF ministries in 1969 and 1971. In 1972, he was minister for agriculture and minor irrigation in the Siddhartha Shankar Ray ministry, he was the leader of the opposition in the assembly from 1982 to 1991. He died on 28 February 1991. After his death, his son, Abu Hena, continued to contest the Lalgola seat