Montcada, is a municipality in the comarca of Horta Nord in the Valencian Community, Spain. On the official writings in Latin Monscatanus was used, from mons and Celtic catanus'juniper', making'Montcada' the correct original spelling and Moncada a vulgarization of the name; however the town's name is written Moncada, but in València accept dual Montcada/Moncada denomination, as the origin of the name is linked from the 13th century to the lineage of the House of Montcada, although the removal of the letter t dates from the 15th century, where the Moncada form was used in the earliest known documents relating to the Royal Acequia of the municipality, this denomination coming from the vulgar pronunciation, simplified by omitting the letter t. Moreover, government agencies on language as the Valencian Academy of Language always use Montcada in Catalan to refer to the name of the municipality of Valencia; the relief of the municipality is formed by a quaternary plain on the rising in the northern and western parts of Tertiary hills, an extension of the Sierra Calderona, reaching its highest point in Tos Pelat hill situated on the border between the terms of Bétera and Montcada.
The hills extend to the town center that has begun to occupy the hill of Santa Barbara. The Carraixet Ravine penetrates by northwest and cuts across the term to go out by southeast, along The Alfara Patriarch; the urban environment is the core of Moncada, together with the following population centers: MontcadaBarri dels DolorsSant Isidre de BenaixeveBarri del PilarMasies The municipality of Montcada borders the following locations: Albalat dels Sorells, Alfara the Patriarch, Bétera, Museros, Nàquera and València, all of the Province of Valencia. The territory of the municipality of Montcada was the subject of an intense human occupation from the early days of Romanization. There are few data. In the area known as the Xop and in some fields for extraction of clay for pottery, appeared a few fragments of ceramic belonging to handmade vessels and two arrowheads. Before the Roman times is the Iberian settlement of Tos Pelat, which remaining parts of its walled town and were seen sections of the walls of the rooms, were for a long time been collected fragments of Iberian vessels with geometric decoration painted and whole pieces.
We know the existence of two large rustic Roman villas, one in the departure of Pou or Pousaig and the other in the departure of Bordellet. By the characteristics of the collected materials, both towns should to blossom during the 2nd and early 3rd centuries AD; the origin of the population is attributed to the Iberian or Roman period, due to the archaeological materials found in its term. King James I in 1239 granted to the inhabitants of the conquered lands of Valencia, of all water and major medium and minor irrigation ditch, but literal, expressly reserved the channel, called Real, that it was going to Puzol, better known as "Royal Ditch of Moncada" that irrigate the most of the left bank of the River Turia, from Paterna to Puçol, it extended the boundaries of irrigation on the twenty towns and thirteen districts that conform the irrigable area of the Royal Ditch of Moncada the populations of Quart de Poblet, Burjassot, Rocafort, Alfara of the Patriarch, Vinalesa and Mirambell, Almàssera, Meliana, Albalat dels Sorells, Albuixech, Masamagrell, Puebla de Farnals, Rafelbunyol, El Puig and Puçol, the hamlets of Benimámet, Masarrojos, Carpesa, Borbotó, Cases de Bàrcena, Tauladella and Vistabella.
The first written documentation come from, however, of the time of the Catalan conquest. Some years Montcada returned to crown and was changed to the Order of the Temple by the Farmhouse of Russafa in 1246. In 1248 the commander of the Templars granted Municipal corporation Population Charter and about in the same time was created the bailiff of Moncada, one of the richest of the Order of the Temple, after the Order of Montesa, passed after being suppressed in the early 14th century. During the War of Succession in 1706, Moncada was occupied by the Bourbon army; this occupation lasted short time as Austracist general, forced it to raise its reals. After the Civil War, the city suffered a widespread destruction during the conflict and Salvador Rodrigo Rosalen is left in front of City Hall. In 1996 to realize the excavations for the foundations of a house in Barreres street were found seven human burials pointing to an Islamic origin. Located archaeologically the location of the Islamic necropolis, the subsequent discovery in 2006 of some silos and the remains of two houses in The Ravalet, dating from the Almohad period, allowed the archaeological finding Islamic origin or previous of the city.
Between November 2006 and January 2007 in San Roque Street, following the demolition of a house, they found 25 to 30 bodies of young people in good condition and a few babies in good condition, dating from around the 12th century. Some showing large head injuries, which were shattered by impacts, it is presumed. In early 2006, were found traces of the Moorish occupation, in what some experts have dubbed "the hamlet of Moncada" next to the Palace of the Counts of Rótova, current city council of the Municipality of Moncada; this finding corresponds to a first level. In the second level were found houses dating from t
Autonomous communities of Spain
In Spain, an autonomous community is a first-level political and administrative division, created in accordance with the Spanish constitution of 1978, with the aim of guaranteeing limited autonomy of the nationalities and regions that make up Spain. Spain is not a federation, but a decentralized unitary state. While sovereignty is vested in the nation as a whole, represented in the central institutions of government, the nation has, in variable degrees, devolved power to the communities, which, in turn, exercise their right to self-government within the limits set forth in the constitution and their autonomous statutes; each community has its own set of devolved powers. Some scholars have referred to the resulting system as a federal system in all but name, or a "federation without federalism". There are 17 autonomous communities and two autonomous cities that are collectively known as "autonomies"; the two autonomous cities have the right to become autonomous communities, but neither has yet exercised it.
This unique framework of territorial administration is known as the "State of Autonomies". The autonomous communities are governed according to the constitution and their own organic laws known as Statutes of Autonomy, which contain all the competences that they assume. Since devolution was intended to be asymmetrical in nature, the scope of competences vary for each community, but all have the same parliamentary structure. Spain is a diverse country made up of several different regions with varying economic and social structures, as well as different languages and historical and cultural traditions. While the entire Spanish territory was united under one crown in 1479 this was not a process of national homogenization or amalgamation; the constituent territories—be it crowns, principalities or dominions—retained much of their former institutional existence, including limited legislative, judicial or fiscal autonomy. These territories exhibited a variety of local customs, laws and currencies until the mid nineteenth century.
From the 18th century onwards, the Bourbon kings and the government tried to establish a more centralized regime. Leading figures of the Spanish Enlightenment advocated for the building of a Spanish nation beyond the internal territorial boundaries; this culminated in 1833, when Spain was divided into 49 provinces, which served as transmission belts for policies developed in Madrid. However, unlike in other European countries such as France, where regional languages were spoken in rural areas or less developed regions, two important regional languages of Spain were spoken in some of the most industrialized areas, moreover, enjoyed higher levels of prosperity, in addition to having their own cultures and historical consciousness; these were Catalonia. This gave rise to peripheral nationalisms along with Spanish nationalism; therefore and social changes that had produced a national cultural unification in France had the opposite effect in Spain. As such, Spanish history since the late 19th century has been shaped by a dialectical struggle between Spanish nationalism and peripheral nationalisms in Catalonia and the Basque Country, to a lesser degree in Galicia.
In a response to Catalan demands, limited autonomy was granted to Catalonia in 1914, only to be abolished in 1923. It was granted again in 1932 during the Second Spanish Republic, when the Generalitat, Catalonia's mediaeval institution of government, was restored; the constitution of 1931 envisaged a territorial division for all Spain in "autonomous regions", never attained—only Catalonia, the Basque Country and Galicia had approved "Statutes of Autonomy"—the process being thwarted by the Spanish Civil War that broke out in 1936, the victory of the rebel Nationalist forces under Francisco Franco. During General Franco's dictatorial regime, centralism was most forcefully enforced as a way of preserving the "unity of the Spanish nation". Peripheral nationalism, along with communism and atheism were regarded by his regime as the main threats, his attempts to fight separatism with heavy-handed but sporadic repression, his severe suppression of language and regional identities backfired: the demands for democracy became intertwined with demands for the recognition of a pluralistic vision of the Spanish nationhood.
When Franco died in 1975, Spain entered into a phase of transition towards democracy. The most difficult task of the newly democratically elected Cortes Generales in 1977 acting as a Constituent Assembly was to transition from a unitary centralized state into a decentralized state in a way that would satisfy the demands of the peripheral nationalists; the Prime Minister of Spain, Adolfo Suárez, met with Josep Tarradellas, president of the Generalitat of Catalonia in exile. An agreement was made so that the Generalitat would be restored and limited competencies would be transferred while the constitution was still being written. Shortly after, the government allowed the creation of "assemblies of members of parliament" integrated by deputies and senators of the different territories of Spain, so that they could constitute "pre-autonomic regimes" for their regions as well; the Fathers of the Constitution had to strike a balance between the opposing views of Spain—on the one hand, the centralist view inherited from Franco's regime, on the other hand federalism and a pluralistic view of Spain as a "nation of nations".
Albaida, Province of Valencia
Albaida is a municipality in the comarca of Vall d'Albaida in the Valencian Community, Spain. Palace of Milà i Aragó Segrelles Museum Route of the Borgias Route of the Valencian classics Daniel Olcina, footballer
Valencian referred to as Southern Catalan, is a dialect of the Catalan language spoken in the Valencian Community, where it is an official language, in the El Carche comarca in Murcia, where it has no official recognition. Besides, it is spoken in the south of the Terres de l'Ebre and in the south of La Franja in Aragon, in its transitional variety; the denominations "Valencian" or "Valencian language" are used traditionally and as a glottonym exclusively in the Valencian Community, to refer not only to the dialect spoken in the region, but to refer to the totality of the Catalan language. However, outside this territory the use of this denomination is null, it is considered the Valencian Community's own language according to the region's 1982 Statute of Autonomy and the Spanish Constitution. According to philological studies, the varieties of this language spoken in the Valencian Community and El Carxe cannot be considered a dialect restricted to these borders: the several dialects of Valencian belong to the Western group of Catalan dialects.
Valencian, as a variety of the Catalan language, displays transitional features between Ibero-Romance languages and Gallo-Romance languages. Its similarity with Occitan has led many authors to group it under the Occitano-Romance languages. There is some controversy within the Valencian Community regarding its status as a glottonym or as a language on its own among certain political sectors such as blaverism and Spanish nationalism. According to a study carried out by the Generalitat Valenciana in 2014, scarcely more than a half people in the Valencian Community consider it as a separate language, different from Catalan. However, according to the same study, most of Valencians with higher studies say that it is the same language. According to the 2006 Statute of Autonomy Valencian is regulated by the Acadèmia Valenciana de la Llengua, by means of the Normes de Castelló. Due to not having been recognized for a long time and the considerable immigration coming from Andalusia but from other areas of Spain where Spanish is spoken, the number of speakers has decreased, the influence of Spanish has led to the adoption of a huge amount of loanwords.
Some of the most important works of Catalan literature in Valencia experienced a golden age during the Late Middle Ages and the Renaissance. Important works include Joanot Martorell's chivalric romance Tirant lo Blanch, Ausiàs March's poetry; the first book produced with movable type in the Iberian Peninsula was printed in the Valencian variety. The earliest recorded chess game with modern rules for moves of the queen and bishop was in the Valencian poem Scachs d'amor; the official status of Valencian is regulated by the Spanish Constitution and the Valencian Statute of Autonomy, together with the Law of Use and Education of Valencian. Article 6 of the Valencian Statute of Autonomy sets the legal status of Valencian, providing that: The official language of the Valencian Community is Valencian. Valencian is official within the Valencian Community, along with Spanish, the official language nationwide. Everyone shall have the right to know it and use it, receive education in Valencian. No one can be discriminated against by reason of their language.
Special protection and respect shall be given to the recuperation of Valencian. The Acadèmia Valenciana de la Llengua shall be the normative institution of the Valencian language; the Law of Use and Education of Valencian develops this framework, providing for implementation of a bilingual educational system, regulating the use of Valencian in the public administration and judiciary system, where citizens can use it when acting before both. Valencian is recognized under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages as "Valencian". Valencian is not spoken all over the Valencian Community. A quarter of its territory, equivalent to 10% of the population, is traditionally Castilian-speaking only, whereas Valencian is spoken to varying degrees elsewhere. Additionally, it is spoken by a reduced number of people in Carche, a rural area in the Region of Murcia adjoining the Valencian Community. Although the Valencian language was an important part of the history of this zone, nowadays only about 600 people are able to speak Valencian in the area of Carche.
In 2010 the Generalitat Valenciana published a study and Social use of Valencian, which included a survey sampling more than 6,600 people in the provinces of Castellón, Alicante. The survey collected the answers of respondents and did not include any testing or verification; the results were: Valencian was the language "always or most used": at home: 31.6% with friends: 28.0% in internal business relations: 24.7%For ability: 48.5% answered they speak Valencian "perfectly" or "quite well" 26.2% answered they write Valencian "perfectly" or "quite well" The survey shows that, although Valencian is still the common language in many areas in the Valencian Community, where more than half of the Valencian population are able to speak it, most Valencians do not speak in Valencian in their
Provinces of Spain
Spain and its autonomous communities are divided into fifty provinces. Spain's provincial system was recognized in its 1978 constitution but its origin dates back to 1833. Ceuta and the Plazas de soberanía are not part of any provinces; the layout of Spain's provinces follows the pattern of the territorial division of the country carried out in 1833. The only major change of provincial borders since that time has been the subdivision of the Canary Islands into two provinces rather than one; the provinces served as transmission belts for policies enacted in Madrid, as Spain was a centralised state for most of its modern history. The importance of the provinces has declined since the adoption of the system of autonomous communities in the period of the Spanish transition to democracy, they remain electoral districts for national elections and as geographical references: for instance in postal addresses and telephone codes. A small town would be identified as being in, Valladolid province rather than the autonomous community of Castile and León.
The provinces were the "building-blocks". No province is divided between more than one of these communities. Most of the provinces—with the exception of Álava, Biscay, Guipúzcoa, Balearic Islands, La Rioja, Navarra — are named after their principal town. Only two capitals of autonomous communities — Mérida in Extremadura and Santiago de Compostela in Galicia — are not the capitals of provinces. Seven of the autonomous communities comprise no more than one province each: Asturias, Balearic Islands, Cantabria, La Rioja, Madrid and Navarra; these are sometimes referred to as "uniprovincial" communities. The table below lists the provinces of Spain. For each, the capital city is given, together with an indication of the autonomous community to which it belongs and a link to a list of municipalities in the province; the names of the provinces and their capitals are ordered alphabetically according to the form in which they appear in the main Wikipedia articles describing them. Unless otherwise indicated, their Spanish language names are the same.
List of Spanish provinces by population List of Spanish provinces by area Spanish Federation of Municipalities and Provinces Autonomous communities of Spain Comarcas of Spain ISO 3166-2:ESGeneral: Political divisions of Spain Maps of the provinces of Spain Maps of Spain's Provinces List of municipalities of Spain listed by province from the Spanish INE
Alboraya or Alboraia is a town and municipality of the province of Valencia, Spain. It is situated close to the city of Valencia. A farming community, Alboraya has grown in recent decades following the development of the metropolitan area of Valencia. Better transport connections, including two stations on the Valencia metro system: Alboraia-Palmaret and Alboraia-Peris Aragó), urban exodus from the Valencia, foreign immigration have increased the population from 11,267 in 1986, to an estimated 23,572 individuals in 2014. Of these, 58.84% declared themselves to be Valencian speakers. In 1994, 45.8% worked in the service sector, 33% in industry, 16.7% in agriculture, 3.60% in construction. In the May 2011 elections, the People's Party lost their absolute majority, as they fell from 11 to 8 council seats; the remaining seats were won by the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party, Unión Popular de Alboraya, Coalició Compromís and Ciudadanos por Alboraya Subsequently a coalition of everyone but the PP was formed, with Miguel Chavarria becoming the first PSOE Mayor since 1999.
Traditional crops are based on intensive farming. Important are the tiger nuts, which are used to produce the world famous horchata, a popular refreshment; the town has many orxateries in which to relax and chill out while having an horchata in the hot Valencian summers. The town still contains large, irrigated fields which are farmed intensively but these areas are shrinking due to urban pressure; the designation of the city of Valencia as host city for the 2007 America's Cup sparked major land development. Seventy-five percent of the competing teams located their bases of operation in Alboraya; the municipality is divided into eight parts: Calvet, Mar, Masamardá, Miracle and Vera. Alboraya is connected to the rest of the Valencian metropolitan area by Line 3 of the Valencia Metro with two stations and Palmaret, Line 70 of the Municipal Transport Company of Valencia, EMT, Patacona provides buses on Line 31 of the EMT bus company; the future Line 10 of the Valencia Metro will connect the Port Saplaya area to port in Valencia.
The Council offers the people a local bus service, which runs through the villages of Alboraya, linking the village with Port Saplaya and Patacona seven days a week, with a frequency of one bus every hour. Alboraya is bordered by Almàssera to the northwest by Meliana to the north, by Tavernes Blanques to the west, Valencia city to the south and the Mediterranean Sea to the east. Alquería Muslim King James I of Aragon gave land to the bishop of Huesca, Canyelles Vidal. Teresa Gil de Vidaura, managed the property through a land swap with the bishop which strengthened the patrimony of James of Jericho, his son King James II of Aragon. In 1331, it passed into the hands of Gilberto Zanoguera. During the 15th century, it was held by the Crown. At the end, is the outback of Rafelterras. In its place is the deserted Rafelterras; the church was dedicated to Santa Maria. Along the Carraixet ravine a chapel was constructed dedicated to Our Lady of Desamparados, its first building dates from 1414 and was ordered built by the General Council of Valencia the year 1400.
It included a consecrated cemetery where the disadvantaged were buried. The current building is new; the main activity is agriculture, the most important crop is the plug, which has become popular in the Alboraya horchata. The year 1646 population census provides a calculation of 88 houses; the population has grown considerably: in 1986 there were 11,267 people, by 2002 the figure had risen to 18,656, of which, 58.84% reported in the 2001 census that they knew about Valencia. It has a population of 22,174 inhabitants according to. Economic activity in the population is distributed as follows: 45.80% work in the service sector, 33% in industry, 16.70% in agriculture, 3.60% in construction. Alboraya still retains the flavour typical of people in an important part of the town; the coastline is nearly four miles long, with two residential neighborhoods separated by the mouth of the Barranco del Carraixet: Port Saplaya and Patacona. The first has a marina, it is a residential complex and walk characterized by the warm ochres and pale pink, traditionally used in the painting of houses.
The second has housing in the space occupied by a former paper mill. Both areas have excellent beaches; some of its monuments include The Parish Church of Our Lady of the Assumption with the home abbey formed in a block. The people of Alboraya have other shrines such as the Chapel of the Holy Christ of Souls in Mas Vilanova, the shrine of the Sacred Heart of Jesus and the house of the Rector, the Hermitage of Santa Barbara in the neighborhood of the same name, the Chapel of San Cristobal near the industrial estate, at the mouth of the Barranco del Carraixet the Chapel of the Peixets. All of them are part of an important historical and artistic heritage, rich in sculptures, paintings and pottery. Alboraya's foods include typical valencian dishes like a pot made with rice and turnips. Local desserts include the fartons and the so-called "Christian c
Puçol is a Valencian municipality located in the region of the Horta Nord. It has 19,018 inhabitants, of whom 9,468 are men and 9,550 are women; the municipality borders El Puig Sagunt to the north. The town is located in the northernmost of the Horta of Valencia contact the Shire's Golf Morvedre, it extends from a mountainous area its westerly edge, passing a level strip, where the town is located, down to the flat and marshy coastal zone on the easterly edge. Puçol Los Monasterios Beach Alfinach Jaume I gave rise to the Asalit Gudal, who gave the 40 Christians to populate on 29 November 1242. In May 1243, it returned to the king to sell 18,000 salary; the king, in November that year, gave the village and place Puçol, delivering a half to the bishop and Cabildo Valencia and the other at the convent of Roncesvalles which bought part of his 9000 salary to the Cabildo 1244. The 1262 population is given a letter to 27 residents. In 1288 the bishop of Valencia, Romuald Peset, Puçol allocating income to the house of charity.
The 1317 the Archbishop of Valencia awarded letter Puzol population to 39 residents and their successors, giving three jovates irrigated land, besides orchards. In return the settlers to Mr. Deven between a seventh and a tenth of the fruits collected and some chickens, must pay a census, the fatigue lluisme. In the Valencian Parliament of Ferdinand II of Aragon, the ecclesiastical exemption requests for the University of Puçol tribute dinner, granted James I, but from the King Martin of Aragon sold demanding. In the Courts of Charles V in 1537 requested to pay franchise and other coronatge marriage and royal rights. In the 1522 requested that harmony is maintained Puçol gives the freedom to enter half the harvest of wine without paying Sisa. In 1604 is again asked to maintain the franchise to pay lleuda, tolls or any royal rights. In the Courts of 1626 exemption from the church asked to pay the stamp duty and repayment of two thousand pounds; the parish church dedicated to St. John Baptiste, was built in 1607, on another old 1359.
In the late eighteenth and early nineteenth century the main production Puçol relied on the vine, it produced some 42,000 wine quarry, in addition to crops such as carob, wheat, all kinds of fruits and vegetables. Has seven oil mills, two flour mills, five leather bread ovens, its economic wealth agricultural until 1950 has been subsequently transformed by a number of industries and are expected to increase due the proximity of the steel plant at the Port of Sagunto. Within the gardens are in rainfed almond and carob trees and vineyards; the vineyard was in the centuries of its main crops. At present citrus occupy most of the land, irrigated, which puts it in the first crop, both for extension as well as economic significance; the rest of the garden is devoted to fruit, various vegetables and onions, corn and potatoes in smaller proportions. There is farming beef; the industrial sector has a large manufacturing plant and other appliances that were most different from metalúrgiques to export citrus, via bakery, moons for cars, pick-up truck to truck, motor oils...
Santos Juanes Church. Built in 1607 by Juan de Ribera; this monument is a temple of ESBELT wide nave with a magnificent golden Baroque altar and side chapels. Its exterior is characterized by great elegance in the arrangement of classic elements; the Lookout Tower was built around the fourteenth century in order to protect themselves against the Moro rebellions and pirates stalk the peace of the rural population. Up the tower from where you could see the sea from the mountain slopes surrounding the town; the tower-style corn is a basic prismatic quadrangular lateral faces medint 5.50 meters wide and about 10 meters, private membership from a century ago and is considered the home oldest town. Today the tower is restored, the exterior stone and tile clay is good proof of the conglomeration of cultures that came composing. Definitivamet is a historical monument as a testimony consevar Puçol ten events and cultural symbol. Wall of the Archbishop's Palace. Puçol was for many years lordship of the Archbishop of Valencia in 1607 was built beside the present church, the Archbishop's Palace which today we still have the old masonry wall with semicircular turrets topped with ceramic tiles of blue and white baroque lines showing.
Windmill. In uncertain times, although some scholars date the Saracen period; the windmill stopped work in the first half of last century to be a building of historical interest because it is one of the few mills that these characteristics exist in Valencia. WebsiteHeart of Jesus. Located on the street is the last surviving Knights of the various doors closed until the nineteenth century the town. Municipal Finca La Costera. In the western part of town; the Farm is 517,245 square meters of municipal ownership and possesses a youth hostel with a capacity for 25 people, recreation areas and areas repopulated with pines and native vegetation. It has been stated Natural City. Beach. Got a blue flag after taking several years Qualitur certificate of water quality and providing services to the tourist community. Created the office of the tourist attention Tourist info Puzol. On the beach during the summer it offers various leisure activities and services, from toy library, health care, street market, free umbrellas, aerobics, etc..
Today the beach has more than 1000 inhabitants, of which over 300 are first or second residence for at least part-time in 5 months of the year. The Pond. Festivals and employers. Held the 1 to 9 September in honour of the Virg