Empire is a British film magazine published monthly by Bauer Consumer Media of Hamburg based Bauer Media Group. From the first issue in July 1989, the magazine was published by Emap. Bauer purchased Emap Consumer Media in early 2008. Published in the United Kingdom, Empire organises the annual Empire Awards which were sponsored by Sony Ericsson, from 2009 sponsored by Jameson; the awards are voted for by readers of the magazine. Empire reviews both mainstream films and art films; as well as film news and reviews, Empire has some other regular features. Each issue features a transcript from a notable film scene; the first such classic scene to be featured was the "I could have been a contender" scene from On the Waterfront. The regular Top 10 feature lists Empire's choice of the top ten examples of something film-related. For example, 10 Best Chase Scenes or 10 Best Movie Gags in The Simpsons; the Re. View section releases. Kim Newman's Movie Dungeon is a regular feature in the Re. View section, in which critic Kim Newman reviews the most obscure releases low budget horror movies.
How Much Is A Pint Of Milk? Presents celebrities' answers to silly or unusual questions, including the question "How much is a pint of milk?" This is intended as a guide to the chosen celebrity's contact with reality, as such can be more informative than a direct interview by reporting some surprising responses. Each magazine includes a "Spine Quote", in which a challenging quote is printed on the spine of the magazine. There are some obvious and obscure links from the quote to the main features of that month's edition. Readers are invited to identify the links to win a prize. My Movie Mastermind is another regular in which a celebrity is given questions about the films they were in or they directed. Celebrities range from Christopher Lee to John Carpenter and Michael Keaton. A regular feature since issue 167, the Empire Masterpiece is a two-page essay on a film selected by Empire in the Re. View section; the selection of the films seem to follow no specific pattern. Only a few issues since the first masterpiece feature have not featured one – 169, 179, 196, 197, 198 and 246.
Issue 240 had director Frank Darabont select 223 masterpieces. L. A. Confidential and Magnolia have been featured twice; the films to be featured in this section so far are: Empire published a special 15th anniversary issue in June 2004 by which time the magazine had reviewed 4,240 theatrical films. Nicole Kidman was named "actress of our lifetime" and Kevin Spacey was named "actor of our lifetime"; the 15 most influential films of the preceding 15 years were considered to be: As part of its 18th birthday issue published in June 2007 Empire published a list of top 18-rated moments in film. This list is as follows: They selected the 50 greatest films rated with an 18 certificate. Empire poll readers to find out what their favourite films are. In 2017, Empire surveyed five thousand readers to produce a list of the 100 greatest films made; the list was selected in September 2008 by over 10,000 Empire readers, 150 film makers and 50 film critics. The list was accompanied by many different covers; the list is.
The list's most represented director was Steven Spielberg, who had eleven films in the top 500. The top sixteen directors are listed below, their highest-ranked film is provided, as well as its position. The entire list can be found at Empire. A previous poll, The 201 Greatest Movies of All Time, done by Empire readers was different, it was conducted in March 2006 and had the following top 30: Another previous poll by Empire readers was done in September 2001 and had this top 30: In June 2005, a poll of 10,000 readers was asked to name the greatest film director of all time. In a list of forty directors, Steven Spielberg was granted the honour of greatest director; the top twenty are ranked as follows: In June 2015, Empire's readers named the greatest film characters of all time. The top fifteen characters are listed below. Another previous poll by Empire readers, was conducted in 2008 and had the following top 15: In June 2010, Willow Green published Empire's list for the 50 greatest video game characters.
Empire has had ten editors: Steven Spielberg guest-edited the magazine's 20th Anniversary Issue in June 2009. Sam Mendes guest-edited the magazine's Spectre special in September 2015. List of film periodicals Cahiers du cinema Sight & Sound Official website
Sepiolite known as meerschaum, is a soft white clay mineral used to make tobacco pipes. A complex magnesium silicate, a typical chemical formula for, Mg4Si6O152·6H2O, it can be present in fibrous, fine-particulate, solid forms. Named meerschaum by Abraham Gottlob Werner in 1788, it was named sepiolite by Ernst Friedrich Glocker in 1847 for an occurrence in Bettolino, Baldissero Canavese, Torino Province, Italy; the name comes from Greek sepion, meaning "cuttlebone", + lithos, meaning stone, after a perceived resemblance of this mineral to cuttlebone. Because of its low specific gravity and its high porosity, it may float upon water, hence its German name, it is sometimes found floating on the Black Sea and rather suggestive of sea-foam, hence the German origin of the name as well as the French name for the same substance, écume de mer. Sepiolite is opaque and off-white, grey or cream color, breaking with a conchoidal or fine earthy fracture, fibrous in texture. Due to the fact it can be scratched with the finger nail, its hardness is ranked at about 2 on the Mohs scale.
The specific gravity varies from 0.988 to 1.279. Sepiolite is a hydrous magnesium silicate having the chemical formula Mg4Si6O152·6H2O; when first extracted, sepiolite is soft. However, it hardens on exposure to solar heat. Most of the sepiolite of commerce is obtained chiefly from the plain of Eskişehir in Turkey, between Istanbul and Ankara, it occurs there in irregular nodular masses, in alluvial deposits, which are extensively worked for its extraction. It is said that in this district, there are 4000 shafts leading to horizontal galleries for extraction of the sepiolite; the principal workings are at Sepetçi Ocağı and Kemikçi Ocağı, about 20 miles southeast of Eskişehir. The mineral is associated with the primitive source of both minerals being a serpentine. Sepiolite is found, though less abundantly, in Greece, as at Thebes, in the islands of Euboea and Samos, it occurs in serpentine at Hrubschitz near Kromau in Moravia. Additionally, sepiolite is found to a limited extent at certain localities in France and Spain, is known in Morocco.
In the United States, it occurs in South Carolina and Utah. Sepiolite occurs as a secondary mineral associated with serpentine, it can occur as a precipitate in arid environments. It may be associated with opal. Owing to its fibrous mineral nature, sepiolite veins may contain the hazardous material asbestos. Where asbestos is not present, sepiolite is mistaken for it. Careful analytical techniques such as X-ray diffraction are able to distinguish the two. Carved Turkish meerschaum products traditionally were made in manufacturing centers such as Vienna. Since the 1970s, Turkey has banned the exportation of meerschaum nodules, trying to set up a local meerschaum industry; the once famous manufacturers have therefore disappeared and European pipe producers turned to others sources for their pipes. In the African Great Lakes region, large deposits of meerschaum were found in Tanganyika; the main deposit comes from the Amboseli basin surrounding the Lake Amboseli. Tanganyika Meerschaum is stained in shades of brown and yellow, is considered to be somewhat inferior to Meerschaum from Turkey.
The raw material was mined by the Tanganyika Meerschaum Corporation and uncounted pipemakers throughout the world were supplied with Amboseli Meerschaum. Meerschaum has been used as a substitute for soapstone, fuller's earth, as a building material; the first recorded use of meerschaum for making pipes was around 1723 and became prized as the perfect material for providing a cool, flavorful smoke. The porous nature of meerschaum draws tobacco tar into the stone. Meerschaum became a premium substitute for the clay pipes of the day and remains prized to this day, though since the mid-1800s briar pipes have become the most common pipes for smoking; when smoked, meerschaum pipes change color, old meerschaums will turn incremental shades of yellow, orange and amber from the base on up. When prepared for use as a pipe, the natural nodules are first scraped to remove the red earthy matrix dried, again scraped and polished with wax; the crudely shaped masses thus prepared are turned and carved, smoothed with glass-paper, heated in wax or stearine, polished with bone-ash, etc.
In Somalia and Djibouti, sepiolite is used to make a traditional incense burner. The mineral is mined in the town of El Buur. El Buur is the place of origin of the local pipe-making industry. Imitations are made in plaster of other preparations; the soft, earthy mineral from Långbanshyttan, in Värmland, known as aphrodite, is related to sepiolite. In construction, sepiolite can be used in lime mortars as water reservoir. Processes for bacterial transformation based on the Yoshida effect can utilize sepiolite as an acicular nanofiber. Sepiolite at the Encyclopædia Britannica IMA Europe - Sepiolite factsheet International Programme on Chemical Safety
The church St. Jacobi was located south of Münster Cathedral in the Domplatz in Münster and served as the parish church for the laity who lived within the Domimmunität; the church is first mentioned in 1262. The building was damaged during the Münster Rebellion, but was rebuilt after 1535. During the French period, the building was demolished in 1812 after the rejection of an alternative proposal to demolish the cathedral and expand St. Jacobi; the bells of St. Jacobi continue in use at St. Agatha in Angelmodde. According to a 1748 ground plan of the cathedral and cathedral district including St Jacobi by Schlauns, St. Jacobi was an aisleless church, had three-bayed structure enclosed by cross-vaults with a polygonal apse. On the south side of the church building was a fenced area. Wilhelm Kohl: Das Domstift St. Paulus zu Münster. Berlin 1987, pp. 52–54