Cold War 2 (film)
Cold War 2 is a 2016 Hong Kong-Chinese crime thriller film written and directed by Longman Leung and Sunny Luk. The film is a sequel to the 2012 box office hit, Cold War, stars returning cast members Aaron Kwok, Tony Leung, Charlie Young, Eddie Peng, Aarif Rahman, Ma Yili and Alex Tsui, joined by new cast members Chow Yun-fat, Janice Man, Tony Yang and Bibi Zhou. Cold War 2 was released on 8 July 2016 in 2D, 3D and IMAX 3D; the Hong Kong Police Force holds a funeral for two superintendents killed during the previous film. Shortly after, the commissioner Sean Lau receives a call from one of the culprits behind the theft of the police van, he is told that he must release Joe Lee for her to survive. Lau overrides standard procedure to transfer Joe out of prison, is told by the kidnapper to bring Joe to the metro station. There, Joe is able to escape with the aid of several accomplices; the culprits leave Lau's wife alive at the station. Lau's actions are criticized by numerous politicians, leading to a public inquiry.
Fearing that the police have been infiltrated, Lau requests Billy Cheung, an ICAC agent who assisted him in the previous movie, to form a separate squad independent of the police, so they can track down the culprits. Meanwhile, MB Lee, a deputy police commissioner, about to retire, the father of Joe, is confronted by his fugitive son along with Peter Choi, a former commissioner, now manipulating politics behind the scenes. Choi is revealed as the mastermind behind the troubles of the previous film, his current goal is to remove Lau, not a member of his ring, to place his own followers into positions of power during the next election. Choi has formed a militant band consisting of former police officers who were expelled or faked their own deaths, he promises Lee not only the position of commissioner, but of security secretary on, upon which Lee gives into temptation. A legislator named Oswald Kan is convinced by his old friend Lai, the secretary of justice, to participate in the public inquiry into Lau, but is taken aback when Lee criticizes Lau, rather than defending him, which he was supposed to do initially.
Kan deduces that Lee is being controlled, tells his pupils to investigate, one of whom, Bella Au, decides to secretly follow Lee, Choi whom Lee confers with. Realizing that they are being followed, Choi orders a subordinate to crash into Au's car, causing a chain collision in which Au is killed, Choi's car is trapped. Lau arrives to investigate, a shoot-out occurs, in which Joe is shot and injured by Lau, but Choi escapes. Kan finds a photograph taken by Au of Lee together. Lau's independent squad finds the location of the stolen police van. Lee, convinces or bribes several senior police officers to sign a petition for Lau's removal. In the final hours before Lau steps down, he launches a raid on the henchmen, requests that Lee take command, noting that, since the henchmen are renegade police officers under Lee, Lee would best know their strategies. Lee accepts, knowing that he cannot refuse without looking weak, but since he is secretly close friends with those henchmen, killing them taxes him emotionally.
The operation is a success, with all suspects killed, Kan and Lau report Lee's and Choi's crimes to the chief executive, who decides to grant amnesty to Lee and Choi, since they are too important to arrest without destabilizing society. Lee is forced into retirement, Choi is permanently exiled from Hong Kong, but otherwise, their exact crimes are never disclosed to the public. Lau retains his office as commissioner, Lee visits his son, in custody, lying in a bed at the hospital. Aaron Kwok as Sean Lau, Commissioner of Police Tony Leung Ka-fai as M. B. Lee, Ex-deputy Commissioner of Police Chow Yun-fat as Oswald Kan, Ex-judge, Court of First Instance of High Court / Senior Counsel / Legislator Charlie Young as Phoenix Leung, Senior Assistance Commissioner Janice Man as Isabel Au, Barrister Eddie Peng as Joe Lee, Ex-police constable Aarif Rahman as Billy Cheung, ICAC Principal Investigator Tony Yang as Roy Ho, Ex-Senior Police Constable Chang Kuo-chu as Peter Choi, Ex-Commissioner of Police Wu Yue as Wu Tin-man, Ex-Senior Inspector of Police Fan Zhibo as Rachel Ma, S.
I. P. Ma Yili as Michelle Lau, wife of Sean Lau Bibi Zhou as Alice Poon, Barrister Alex Tsui as Matthew Mak, ICAC Head of Operations Frankie Lam as Alan Au, D. C. P. Kenny Wong as Stephen Han, D. C. P. Ram Chiang as David Mok, Senior Assistant Commissioner, Director of Crime & Security Waise Lee as Edward Lai, Secretary of Justice King Kong Lam as Gary Fu, Ex-Senior Inspector of Police Lam Wai as Neo Chan, Ex-Senior Inspector of Police Wong Man-piu as Eric Ma, Ex-Senior Inspector of Police Wong Chak-fung as Mark Cheng, Ex-Senior Inspector of Police Felix Lok as C. Y. Ma, Member of the Legislative Council / Chairman of Security Panel Terence Yin as To Man, Chief Superintendent, Director of IT Jeannie Chan as Nicole Chan, ICAC Assistant Investigation Kathy Yuen as Cecilia Lai, Probationary Inspector of Police Dexter Young as Senior Inspectors of Police, Technology Crime Division Queenie Chu as Amber Tsui, owner of cigar bar Leila Tong as Karen Tang, hostage Due to the critical and commercial success Cold War, a sequel was first announced in February 2013, where Chow Yun-fat was reported to join the sequel as the film's main antagonist.
At that time, co-director Sunny Luk confirmed that the script for
Filmmaking is the process of making a film in the sense of films intended for extensive theatrical exhibition. Filmmaking involves a number of discrete stages including an initial story, idea, or commission, through screenwriting, shooting, sound recording and reproduction and screening the finished product before an audience that may result in a film release and exhibition. Filmmaking takes place in many places around the world in a range of economic and political contexts, using a variety of technologies and cinematic techniques, it involves a large number of people, can take from a few months to several years to complete. Film production consists of five major stages: Development: The first stage in which the ideas for the film are created, rights to books/plays are bought etc. and the screenplay is written. Financing for the project has to be obtained. Pre-production: Arrangements and preparations are made for the shoot, such as hiring cast and film crew, selecting locations and constructing sets.
Production: The raw footage and other elements for the film are recorded during the film shoot. Post-production: The images and visual effects of the recorded film are edited and combined into a finished product. Distribution: The completed film is distributed and screened in cinemas and/or released to home video. In this stage, the project producer selects a story, which may come from a book, another film, true story, video game, comic book, graphic novel, or an original idea, etc. After identifying a theme or underlying message, the producer works with writers to prepare a synopsis. Next they produce a step outline, which breaks the story down into one-paragraph scenes that concentrate on dramatic structure, they prepare a treatment, a 25-to-30-page description of the story, its mood, characters. This has little dialogue and stage direction, but contains drawings that help visualize key points. Another way is to produce a scriptment. Next, a screenwriter writes a screenplay over a period of several months.
The screenwriter may rewrite it several times to improve dramatization, structure, characters and overall style. However, producers skip the previous steps and develop submitted screenplays which investors and other interested parties assess through a process called script coverage. A film distributor may be contacted at an early stage to assess the market and potential financial success of the film. Hollywood distributors adopt a hard-headed no approach and consider factors such as the film genre, the target audience and assumed audience, the historical success of similar films, the actors who might appear in the film, potential directors. All these factors imply a certain appeal of the film to a possible audience. Not all films make a profit from the theatrical release alone, so film companies take DVD sales and worldwide distribution rights into account; the producer and screenwriter prepare a film pitch, or treatment, present it to potential financiers. They will pitch the film to actors and directors in order to "attach" them to the project.
Many projects fail to enter so-called development hell. If a pitch succeeds, a film receives a "green light", meaning someone offers financial backing: a major film studio, film council, or independent investor; the parties involved negotiate a sign contracts. Once all parties have met and the deal has been set, the film may proceed into the pre-production period. By this stage, the film should have a defined marketing strategy and target audience. Development of animated films differs in that it is the director who develops and pitches a story to an executive producer on the basis of rough storyboards, it is rare for a full-length screenplay to exist at that point in time. If the film is green-lighted for further development and pre-production a screenwriter is brought in to prepare the screenplay. Analogous to most any business venture, financing of a film project deals with the study of filmmaking as the management and procurement of investments, it includes the dynamics of assets that are required to fund the filmmaking and liabilities incurred during the filmmaking over the time period from early development through the management of profits and losses after distribution under conditions of different degrees of uncertainty and risk.
The practical aspects of filmmaking finance can be defined as the science of the money management of all phases involved in filmmaking. Film finance aims to price assets based on their risk level and their expected rate of return based upon anticipated profits and protection against losses. In pre-production, every step of creating the film is designed and planned; the production company is created and a production office established. The film is pre-visualized by the director, may be storyboarded with the help of illustrators and concept artists. A production budget is drawn up to plan expenditures for the film. For major productions, insurance is procured to protect against accidents; the nature of the film, the budget, determine the size and type of crew used during filmmaking. Many Hollywood blockbusters employ a cast and crew of hundreds, while a low-budget, independent film may be made by a skeleton crew of eight or nine; these are typical crew positions: Storyboard artist: creates visual images to help the director and production designer communicate their ideas to the production team.
Director: is primarily
Traditional Chinese characters
Traditional Chinese characters are Chinese characters in any character set that does not contain newly created characters or character substitutions performed after 1946. They are most the characters in the standardized character sets of Taiwan, of Hong Kong and Macau, in the Kangxi Dictionary; the modern shapes of traditional Chinese characters first appeared with the emergence of the clerical script during the Han Dynasty, have been more or less stable since the 5th century. The retronym "traditional Chinese" is used to contrast traditional characters with Simplified Chinese characters, a standardized character set introduced by the government of the People's Republic of China on Mainland China in the 1950s. Traditional Chinese characters are used in Taiwan, Hong Kong, Macau. In contrast, Simplified Chinese characters are used in mainland China and Malaysia in official publications. However, several countries – such as Australia, the US and Canada – are increasing their number of printed materials in Simplified Chinese, to better accommodate citizens from mainland China.
The debate on traditional and simplified Chinese characters has been a long-running issue among Chinese communities. A large number of overseas Chinese online newspapers allow users to switch between both character sets. Although simplified characters are taught and endorsed by the government of China, there is no prohibition against the use of traditional characters. Traditional characters are used informally in regions in China in handwriting and used for inscriptions and religious text, they are retained in logos or graphics to evoke yesteryear. Nonetheless, the vast majority of media and communications in China is dominated by simplified characters. In Hong Kong and Macau, Traditional Chinese has been the legal written form since colonial times. In recent years, simplified Chinese characters in Hong Kong and Macau has appeared to accommodate Mainland Chinese tourists and immigrants; this has led to concerns by many residents to protect their local heritage. Taiwan has never adopted simplified characters.
The use of simplified characters in official documents is prohibited by the government of Taiwan. Simplified characters are understood to a certain extent by any educated Taiwanese, learning to read them takes little effort; some stroke simplifications that have been incorporated into Simplified Chinese are in common use in handwriting. For example, while the name of Taiwan is written as 臺灣, the semi-simplified name 台灣 is acceptable to write in official documents. In Southeast Asia, the Chinese Filipino community continues to be one of the most conservative regarding simplification. While major public universities are teaching simplified characters, many well-established Chinese schools still use traditional characters. Publications like the Chinese Commercial News, World News, United Daily News still use traditional characters. On the other hand, the Philippine Chinese Daily uses simplified. Aside from local newspapers, magazines from Hong Kong, such as the Yazhou Zhoukan, are found in some bookstores.
In case of film or television subtitles on DVD, the Chinese dub, used in Philippines is the same as the one used in Taiwan. This is because the DVDs belongs to DVD Region Code 3. Hence, most of the subtitles are in Traditional Characters. Overseas Chinese in the United States have long used traditional characters. A major influx of Chinese immigrants to the United States occurred during the latter half of the 19th century, before the standardization of simplified characters. Therefore, United States public notices and signage in Chinese are in Traditional Chinese. Traditional Chinese characters are called several different names within the Chinese-speaking world; the government of Taiwan calls traditional Chinese characters standard characters or orthodox characters. However, the same term is used outside Taiwan to distinguish standard and traditional characters from variant and idiomatic characters. In contrast, users of traditional characters outside Taiwan, such as those in Hong Kong and overseas Chinese communities, users of simplified Chinese characters, call them complex characters.
An informal name sometimes used by users of simplified characters is "old characters". Users of traditional characters sometimes refer them as "Full Chinese characters" to distinguish them from simplified Chinese characters; some traditional character users argue that traditional characters are the original form of the Chinese characters and cannot be called "complex". Simplified characters cannot be "standard" because they are not used in all Chinese-speaking regions. Conversely, supporters of simplified Chinese characters object to the description of traditional characters as "standard," since they view the new simplified characters as the contemporary standard used by the vast majority of Chinese speakers, they point out that traditional characters are not traditional as many Chinese characters have been made more elaborate over time. Some people refer to traditional characters as "proper characters" and modernized characters as "simplified-stroke characters" (sim
Aaron Kwok Fu-shing is a Hong Kong singer and actor. Active since the 1980s, Kwok is considered one of the "Four Heavenly Kings" of Hong Kong. Kwok's onstage dancing and displays is influenced by Michael Jackson. While most of his songs are in the dance-pop genre, he has experimented with rock and roll, rock, R&B, soul and traditional Chinese music, he received the "Ten Most Outstanding Young Persons Award" in 2003. Kwok graduated from St John's Co-education College in Hong Kong. After graduating from secondary school, Kwok worked as a junior staff in King Fook Gold & Jewellery Co. Ltd, his father, who owns a small gold retail store, desired that he gains experience in the business with the view of handing the family business over to him. If not for one of Kwok's brothers taking over the gold business, his father would not have allowed him to join the entertainment industry. In 1984, he was fired for prolonged absenteeism caused by a foot muscle injury from trying the splits at a party. After being fired from the jewellery company in 1984, at the age of 19, Kwok joined a dancer training course at TVB, where his talent for dancing was recognised.
Kwok performed in music videos and variety shows for other singers. In 1987 he was transferred to the acting department of the talent training course and became a TV actor, where he played minor parts in TVB dramas. In 1990 he did a TV commercial in Taiwan for the Honda motorcycle DJ-1RR; the commercial gained him instant popularity with Taiwanese girls, he burst onto the music scene. Kwok began his music career with three mandopop albums including the famous song "Loving You Forever" to accompany his dance moves. After his success in Taiwan, he returned to Hong Kong in 1991 to do Cantopop; the next few years saw his popularity reach fever-pitch, he was soon ranked as one of the "Four Heavenly Kings". Kwok became one of Hong Asia's most prominent pop stars, he won his first major awards with the 1991 Jade Solid Gold Top 10 Awards and 1991 RTHK Top 10 Gold Songs Awards. He would win a major award every year until 2001; as a solo performer, his sell-out concerts in Hong Kong, mainland China, United States, Singapore and other countries total over 200 to date.
Janet Jackson collaborated with Aaron Kwok and Ricky Martin for international versions of "Ask for More", a promotional single and commercial released as part of an advertising campaign for Pepsi. A full-length music video of the version with Kwok was released in Asian markets; as soon as Kwok entered the music industry in 1991, he started a fast-dancing trend. Kwok's onstage dancing and displays has been known to be influenced by Michael Jackson. In his career, he is known to have won a prestigious top ten Hong Kong dance award. Of all the performing arts at which Kwok excels, stage appearances remain his perennial favourite, his dance accomplishments are matched with stage displays. On 16 November 2007, he held an "Aaron Kwok De Show Reel Live" concert at Hong Kong Coliseum with the largest revolving stage. On 17 February 2008, he held an "Aaron Kwok De Show Reel Extension Live" concert at the Hong Kong AsiaWorld Arena with the largest revolving stage measured at 10m x 9.44m and created a new entry for the Guinness Book of World Records.
Over the years, Kwok has been active in other media such as TV commercials and acting. He began his acting career with the TVB series Rise of Genghis Khan, the 1988 series Twilight of a Nation about the Taiping Rebellion. One of his more noticeable role was for the 1996 TVB drama series Wars of Bribery where he plays an ICAC special-agent with Athena Chu, he starred in various movies. At the Taiwan's 42nd Golden Horse Awards ceremony on 13 November 2005, Kwok was the surprise winner of Best Leading Actor award for his role in the film Divergence, it was Kwok's first Golden Horse nomination and beat veteran Hong Kong star Tony Leung Ka-fai to win the honour. He won the Best Actor Award again at the 43rd Golden Horse Awards on 24 November 2006 for his role in the film After This Our Exile, he became only the second actor in the history of the Golden Horse Awards to win the Best Actor Award consecutively. Jackie Chan first accomplished this back in the 1992-3. Along with Zhang Ziyi, Kwok stars in an AIDS-themed film Love for Life, which premiered on 10 May 2010.
In 2016, Kwok won his first Hong Kong Film Award for Best Actor for his role in the crime thriller film, Port of Call, at the 35th Hong Kong Film Awards. Kwok married Shanghai-based Chinese model Moka Fang and they both are parents to daughter Chantelle Kwok. Kwok has been known as a collector of sports cars as well as an amateur of motor racing, he has a large collection of notable cars. Some of his collection include the Audi R8 GT Spyder, Ferrari F50, F512M, F355 GTS, F360 Modena, Ferrari 599 GTB Fiorano, Ferrari California, Ferrari F430 Spider, Lamborghini Diablo SE30, Mercedes-Benz SL600, Mercedes CLK DTM AMG, Porsche 911 Turbo, Porsche 911 GT3 RS mk2. Other cars include the Enzo Ferrari, a Carbon version Pagani Zonda F, Lamborghini Murciélago, Lamborghini Aventador 50th Anniversario Roadster, Lamborghini Gallardo Superleggera, Porsche 996 GT3, Nissan GT-R. In 2011, Kwok started to be racing-horse-owner of the Hong Kong Jockey Club, he owned two horses named N288 CALLING WITH LOVE and another named P288 MY FAVORITE.
In 2018, he purchased a new horse named C180 DANCING FIGHTER. He was famous for popularising a new type of "center-split hair style" that imitated during the 1990s. Throughout his career he did change his hair style numerous times including styles such as the five-five split or the four-six split. 1990 Loving You Never Stop 1991 Should I Leav
Death Note: Light Up the New World
Death Note: Light Up the New World is a 2016 Japanese dark fantasy psychological crime-thriller film directed by Shinsuke Sato. The film is based on the manga series Death Note written by Tsugumi Ohba and illustrated by Takeshi Obata and is a sequel to Death Note 2: The Last Name, but features an original story and thematically takes place after the Death Note: New Generation mini series, it premiered in Japan on October 2016, by Warner Bros.. In 2006, Light Yagami battled the detective L in his attempt to rid the world of crime, aided by the power of a Death Note - a supernatural notebook that kills anyone whose name is written inside. Ten years in a world afflicted with cyber-terrorism, a chain of unexplained deaths suggests that Death Notes are being used once more. Interpol assigns L's biological successor, Ryuzaki, to the newly established "Death Note Task Force", led by Detective Tsukuru Mishima, they secure a notebook during a murder spree in Shibuya, after its owner, Sakura Aoi, is killed by another Death Note.
Upon touching Aoi's notebook, the Task Force meets and questions its original owner - a Shinigami named Beppo - who reveals that there are six Death Notes in the human world. The Task Force resolves to find the remaining five Death Notes. Aoi's killer - cyber-terrorist Yuki Shien - vows to acquire all the notebooks, believing he is on a mission from Light via his Shinigami, Ryuk. Inciting global panic with a virus featuring a video of Light as Kira, Shien makes contact with Light's girlfriend and former ally, Misa Amane. After restoring her memories of Death Notes and gifting her with his, Shien asks Misa to disclose information which he believes will reveal where Light is hiding. Undaunted, Shien uses his exceptional hacking abilities to locate three Death Notes, killing their owners in the process, he impersonates Kira via another virus, threatening a killing spree unless L's successor reveals his name and face. In response, Ryuzaki spreads a CGI video of the original L, inviting Kira to a website intended to trick him into revealing his location.
Anticipating this, Shien escapes before killing one of the original Kira investigators - Touta Matsuda. Fearing that the investigation is compromised, the Japanese government dissolves the Death Note Task Force. Refusing to give up, Mishima finds a hidden message in Ryuzaki's video: "I own the last Death Note". Enraged, Mishima confronts Ryuzaki in his home and discovers the latter's unconventional relationship with his Shinigami, Arma. However, Ryuzaki reveals that his Death Note is blank, having promised L before his death that he would never use one. Upon leaving, Mishima is arrested on suspicion of compromising the investigation. A year prior, Mishima was tasked with locating Hikari Yagami, Light's secret successor, placed in the care of prosecutor Teru Mikami. However, both Yagami and Mikami subsequently vanished, leading the police to suspect Mishima of conspiring with Kira. After Mishima is interrogated, Ryuzaki frees him so that he can access the Task Force's Death Note and confront the new Kira.
Agreeing to meet Ryuzaki at the National Arts Centre, Shien again asks Misa for her help, which she reluctantly gives. After three Task Force members return to the case, they head with Ryuzaki to meet Shien, lured with the promise that Ryuzaki will reveal his face and the team's Death Notes. Mishima remains at headquarters to instruct them - however, contact is cut by a jamming signal made by Shien. Forced to reveal their faces and two Task Force members are killed by Misa, who has acquired "Shinigami Eyes" which display a person's real name above their head. Misa gives Shien the information he needs but warns him that Light is dead. Misa kills herself with a Death Note page. Realising that the Kira who gave him his task is an impostor, Shien arrives at the secret location and sacrifices half of his life span to obtain Shinigami Eyes - deciding to kill the impostor and take his place as Neo Kira. Shien is shocked to be confronted by Mishima and Ryuzaki. Ryuzaki reveals that he believes Mishima is Neo Kira - and upon touching Shien's Death Note, Mishima remembers everything.
Having witnessed Teru Mikami turn insane and murder Hikari Yagami, Mishima killed Mikami and replaced Yagami as Neo Kira. Mishima gave up ownership of his notebook and instructed Ryuk to give it to Shien, confident that the cyber-terrorist would find the remaining Death Notes. With this new information, Shien attempts to kill Mishima, but the police arrive with orders to kill all three of them. Mortally wounded in the initial crossfire, Shien dies after giving Mishima the Death Notes, allowing him and Ryuzaki to escape through an abandoned subway, they are confronted by the last remaining Task Force member, who realises that Mishima is Kira and thus the one who killed her brother. However, Arma kills her when she attempts to shoot Mishima - at the cost of her own life, much to Ryuzaki's despair. Mishima and Ryuzaki's execution order is annulled by Interpol and Mishima is taken into custody. Ryuk explains why the six Death Notes were dropped down to earth - the dying Shinigami King, intrigued by Light Yagami, has promised to give his throne to the Shinigami who finds the next Kira.
When Mishima points out that all six Death Notes have been secured, Ryuk suggests that human greed will result in their use once again, leaves. Shortly after bein
Entertainment is a form of activity that holds the attention and interest of an audience, or gives pleasure and delight. It can be an idea or a task, but is more to be one of the activities or events that have developed over thousands of years for the purpose of keeping an audience's attention. Although people's attention is held by different things, because individuals have different preferences in entertainment, most forms are recognisable and familiar. Storytelling, drama and different kinds of performance exist in all cultures, were supported in royal courts, developed into sophisticated forms and over time became available to all citizens; the process has been accelerated in modern times by an entertainment industry that records and sells entertainment products. Entertainment evolves and can be adapted to suit any scale, ranging from an individual who chooses a private entertainment from a now enormous array of pre-recorded products; the experience of being entertained has come to be associated with amusement, so that one common understanding of the idea is fun and laughter, although many entertainments have a serious purpose.
This may be the case in the various forms of ceremony, religious festival, or satire for example. Hence, there is the possibility that what appears as entertainment may be a means of achieving insight or intellectual growth. An important aspect of entertainment is the audience, which turns a private recreation or leisure activity into entertainment; the audience may have a passive role, as in the case of persons watching a play, television show, or film. Entertainment can be public or private, involving formal, scripted performance, as in the case of theatre or concerts. Most forms of entertainment have persisted over many centuries, evolving due to changes in culture and fashion for example with stage magic. Films and video games, for example, although they use newer media, continue to tell stories, present drama, play music. Festivals devoted to music, film, or dance allow audiences to be entertained over a number of consecutive days; some activities that were once considered entertaining public punishments, have been removed from the public arena.
Others, such as fencing or archery, once necessary skills for some, have become serious sports and professions for the participants, at the same time developing into entertainment with wider appeal for bigger audiences. In the same way, other necessary skills, such as cooking, have developed into performances among professionals, staged as global competitions and broadcast for entertainment. What is entertainment for one group or individual may be regarded as work by another; the familiar forms of entertainment have the capacity to cross over different media and have demonstrated a unlimited potential for creative remix. This has ensured the continuity and longevity of many themes and structures. Entertainment can be distinguished from other activities such as education and marketing though they have learned how to use the appeal of entertainment to achieve their different goals. Sometimes entertainment can be a mixture for both; the importance and impact of entertainment is recognised by scholars and its increasing sophistication has influenced practices in other fields such as museology.
Psychologists say the function of media entertainment is "the attainment of gratification". No other results or measurable benefit are expected from it; this is in contrast to marketing. However, the distinctions become blurred when education seeks to be more "entertaining" and entertainment or marketing seek to be more "educational"; such mixtures are known by the neologisms "edutainment" or "infotainment". The psychology of entertainment as well as of learning has been applied to all these fields; some education-entertainment is a serious attempt to combine the best features of the two. Some people are entertained by the idea of their unhappiness. An entertainment might produce some insight in its audience. Entertainment may skillfully consider universal philosophical questions such as: "What is the meaning of life?". Questions such as these drive many narratives and dramas, whether they are presented in the form of a story, play, book, comic, or game. Dramatic examples include Shakespeare's influential play Hamlet, whose hero articulates these concerns in poetry.
Novels give great scope for investigating these themes. An example of a creative work that considers philosophical questions so entertainingly that it has been presented in a wide range of forms is The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy. A radio comedy, this story became so popular that it has appeared as a novel, television series, stage show, audiobook, LP record, adventure game and online game, its ideas became popular references and has been tran
Cold War (2012 film)
Cold War is a 2012 Hong Kong police thriller film directed by Sunny Luk and Longman Leung, starring Aaron Kwok and Tony Leung Ka-fai, guest starring Andy Lau. The film was selected as the opening film at the 17th Busan International Film Festival and released in Hong Kong and mainland China on 8 November 2012; the film's title, Cold War, is derived from the code name used in the police operation where the plot of the film evolves. The film won nine awards including Best Actor, Best Film, Best Director and Best Screenplay at the 32nd Hong Kong Film Awards; the film has a sequel, known as Cold War 2. One midnight, a Hong Kong Police Force Emergency Unit van carrying advanced equipment and five police officers goes missing; as the police investigate the case, they became aware that the terrorists possess detailed knowledge of the police's procedures and have planned several steps ahead possibly breaching the secured police network. As the Commissioner is away, Deputy Commissioner M. B. Lee and leads a rescue operation code-named "Cold War," and declares Hong Kong to go under a state of emergency.
After being misled by the terrorists and failing to track them down, fellow Deputy Commissioner Sean Lau believes Lee is acting too rashly, due to one of the five abducted policemen being his own son, Joe Lee. After consulting with superintendent Vincent Tsui and Albert Kwang, who both believe Lee is taking measures too extreme, Lau relieves Lee of his command and assumes command of Operation Cold War. Lau plans to negotiate with the terrorists; the terrorists asks Lau to prepare a ransom equal to the calculated value of the policemen and the EU van. As the police force prepare the cash, the terrorists call again and say they only want half of it, for Lau to deliver the money. At the request of the bank manager, Lau takes only enough for the ransom and have the rest delivered back to the bank; when Lau arrives at the meeting location, he is ordered to stop the car and throw the cash down a bridge, causing a traffic blockage. In the confusion, Lau is attacked by the terrorists, superintendent Tsui was killed in action in the crossfire.
The terrorists escape, while superintendent Kwang notifies Lau that the terrorists intercepted the other half of the money, supposed to be returned to the bank. However, the police force did rescue the missing policemen at a different location. Lau attempts to question the bank manager, but the manager was killed by a car bomb. Superintendent Kwang investigates the bombing to track the bombers, but is instead led into a trap and killed with his team. Lau suspects that the terrorists were aided by insiders in the force, but before he can investigate any further, he is arrested by ICAC Officer Billy Cheung, who received leaked information from an anonymous source about Operation Cold War. Lau is interrogated by Cheung, who accuses him of poorly handling the rescue operation, leading to the loss of the ransom money which he secretly took for himself. Lau denies this, the ICAC fail to find evidence against him. Cheung makes some further investigations and discovers that the police Commissioner will be stepping down in two years, thus either Lee or Lau will receive a promotion.
Lau has the support of the Security Secretary because of his skillful management of the police's finances. On the other hand, Lee rose through the ranks from Constable and has the support of the front-line officers including the CID. Cheung now suspects that Lee is trying to use the failure of Operation Cold War to ruin Lau's chance for promotion; the ICAC discover, based on forensic evidence, that Joe Lee was the mastermind behind the abduction of the EU van. Lau presents this information to Lee, reveals that it was Lau himself that leaked information to the ICAC, in order to borrow their resources to investigate the case, thus not alerting the insider. Lee confronts his son, who reveals that he planned this with other associates from the police force who wanted to see Lee rise to the position of Commissioner. Seeing that Joe is unrepentant and unwilling to reveal anymore, Lee reluctantly shoots and arrest him; the following day and the current Commissioner announce their plans to retire, nominates Lau as the next Commissioner, congratulate Lau on his resourcefulness on solving the case.
The film ends with Lau receiving a mysterious phone call from the terrorists, who announces that they have kidnapped his wife, wants Joe Lee released in return. Aaron Kwok as Sean K. F. Lau, Deputy Commissioner of Police Tony Leung Ka-fai as Waise M. B. Lee, Deputy Commissioner of Police, Acting Commissioner of Police during opening scene Andy Lau as Philip M. W. Luk, Security Bureau, Secretary for Security Charlie Young as Phoenix C. M. Leung, Chief Superintendent, Head of Police Public Relations Branch Gordon Lam as Albert C. L. Kwong, Senior Superintendent, Waise Lee’s faction Chin Kar-lok as Vincent W. K. Tsui, Senior Superintendent, Sean Lau’s faction Andy On as Michael Shek, Special Duties Unit commander Terence Yin as Man To, Chief Superintendent, Director of Information Systems Grace Huang as May Cheung, Probationary Inspector, reporting to Sean Lau & Vincent Tsui Aarif Rahman as Billy K. B. Cheung, ICAC Principal Investigation Officer Jeannie Chan as Nicole Chan, ICAC Assistant Investigator Eddie Peng as Joe K.
C. Lee, Police Constable on EU 71, Waise Lee’s only child Ma Yili as Sean Lau's wife J. J. Jia as Vincent W. K. Tsui's wife Alex Tsui Ka-kit as Matthew K. M. Mak, Co