The Tangkak District is a district in Johor, Malaysia. The district capital is Tangkak Town; the district covers Tangkak Town, Tanjung Agas, Sungai Mati, Serom and Bukit Gambir. The district was the northern part of the Muar district, separated from the southern part by the Muar River. A ceremony headed by the sultan on 9 June 2008 saw the official proclamation of that northern part becoming Johor's 10th district named Ledang District; the district was renamed Tangkak District at the end of 2015 by the decree of Sultan Ibrahim Ismail to preserve the historical value of traditional name of places in the state. Tangkak District is divided into 6 mukims: Bukit Serampang Grisek Kesang Kundang Serom Tangkak Town Tangkak Kesang Tanjung Agas Bukit Gambir Sungai Mati Parit Bunga Bukit Kangkar Pekan Rawang Bukit Serampang Kundang Ulu Serom Kesang,Tg Gading Sagil Kebun Baharu Gerisek List of Tangkak district representatives in the Federal Parliament List of Tangkak district representatives in the State Legislative Assembly The main economy activities in the district are lifestyle tourism, adventure sports, light manufacturing and agriculture.
Main industrial areas in the district are Desa Serom, Desa Sungai Mati, Gerisek and Tangkak Industrial Areas. One of the main tourist attractions of Tangkak is the Gunung Ledang National Park; the park is situated 170 km from Johor Bahru and has an area of 107 km². The park has two entry points, one in Sagil and the other in Asahan, Melaka. Mount Ophir's peak, 1276 m above sea level is the highest point in the park and Johor. Mount Ophir is the 64th highest mountain in Malaysian and has been climbed by many people. Sagil Waterfall, in the park is a famous picnic site. Mount Ophir is widely recognised as a friendly training venue for amateur mountain hikers/climbers. Legend of Gunung Ledang
The Segamat is a town located in the Segamat District, Malaysia. It is 95 km travel distance via North–South Expressway from Johor Bahru to Yong Peng, another 77 km from Federal Route 1. Strategically situated between Kuala Lumpur and Johor Bahru, Segamat is a fast-growing agricultural oil palm and rubber district, famous for its delicious durians, hence its recent slogan to attract tourists: Selamat Datang ke Segamat - Tanah Raja Buah-buahan; the eponymous town is a typical medium size town with a blend of new cultures. A mere 45 minute drive from town offers a variety of hiking and swimming sites namely the famous Gunung Ledang, Air Panas Waterfall and Bekok Waterfall which make an enjoyable weekend getaway. According to local historian, Hassan bin Muhammad, the area used to be known as Rantau Panjang. In around 1511, a Bendahara of Malacca, Bendahara Tepok and his troops were retreating to Johor after the fall of Melaka to the invading Portuguese forces led by Afonso de Albuquerque; the Bendahara and his troops stopped and rested by a river in the area and drank water from the river.
After the drink, the Bendahara exclaimed, "Segar amat!", named the river Segar Amat, in which over time evolved into Segamat. The name Segamat was applied only to the river, whereas the settlement nearby was still called Rantau Panjang; the town assumed the river's name only at the turn of the 20th century. By the end of the 19th century, the four original districts have several minor subdistricts, for example the previous Muar District has 4 minor districts - Parit Jawa, Chohong and Segamat; the first District Officer of Segamat Minor District was Encik Menthol bin Haji Ahmad. In 1933, the district of Segamat was formed after a major district boundary realignment was made by the government of Johor to split the original 4 districts into 8 districts. After the formation of Segamat District, the government began to develop Segamat with agricultural activities to boost the economy of Segamat; this included the construction of the national railroad system passing the town of Segamat and the construction of the main road known today as Federal Route 1.
In the 1970s, Tun Razak Highway was constructed to boost the economy of Segamat as an agricultural hub, to shorten the travelling time to Kuantan and to speed up the development progress of the poorly developed areas in southern Pahang. The Johor branch campus of Universiti Teknologi MARA was constructed at Jementah in the end of the 1980s and started its operation in 1991; the construction of UiTM campus in Segamat district turned Segamat into another important educational hub in Johor besides Skudai, which houses Universiti Teknologi Malaysia. In 1996, the Segamat Land Port was constructed to make Segamat an important transportational hub, like Nilai in Negeri Sembilan. By constructing the land port, manufacturers may just transport their goods to Segamat Land Port and the goods can be transported to the nearest sea ports such as Pasir Gudang by train and this will increase the transportation efficiency. However, the plan did not materialise as planned. In 1999, the second bridge of Segamat, funded by private developers, was constructed to reduce congestion at the main bridge.
The second bridge was included as a part of Segamat Inner Ring Road package consisting the road upgrade to 4-lane road at Jalan Pemuda, Jalan Hassan, Jalan Pee Kang Hai and Jalan Chia Chin Koon, completed in August 2005. The inner ring road package is useful to divert the traffic flow when the main roads at the town center are closed for special occasions and events such as National Day. Segamat experienced floods during the 1950s, 1984 and on 18 December 2006; the one in 2006, caused by Typhoon Utor in the Philippines, was considered to be the worst flood to have happened in Segamat and Johor. There is a conspiracy theory that the 2006 flood was caused by improper release of water from the upstream Bekok Dam; the theory is based on the fact that the water level of the Segamat River overflowed at a rate, believed impossible to have been caused by rain alone. In January 2011, severe flooding occurred in Segamat and other parts of upstate Johor and the neighbouring state of Melaka, with about 31,000 people evacuated and several deaths.
Segamat has been upgraded to Municipal Council since 1 January 2018 at Dataran Segamat. The town of Segamat is the fifth largest town in the state of Johor with about 80,000 residents. According to local residents of Segamat, the town centre of Segamat can be divided into two, where both neighbourhoods are separated by Segamat River:- Bandar Atas - The original town centre of Segamat; the official site of Segamat town centre today is Segamat Square. Bandar Seberang - Located at the other side across Segamat river; this neighbourhood is known as Bandar Seberang because of its location across Segamat river. This area houses most of the supermarkets and shopping centres in Segamat. In addition to the town centre, the urban area of Segamat covers some villages and towns namely Pekan Jabi, Bukit Siput, Segamat Baru and Bandar Putra Segamat, which makes up the overall population of Segamat urban area to 100,000 residents; the cost of living in Segamat is affordable. Accommodation is available at the housing areas in Segamat town.
Shophouses, supermarkets and hawker centres in the proximity offer various and inexpensive choices for shopping, chilling out and eating out
Iskandar Puteri is a city in Johor Bahru District, Malaysia. Situated along the Straits of Johor at the southern end of the Malay Peninsula, it is the southernmost city in Peninsular Malaysia; the area was an old Malay and Orang Asli fishing village and fort that has existed since Srivijaya and part of the Johor Bahru, known as Ujong Medini or Tanjung Puteri. It is located at the mouth of Tebrau Strait and has the narrowest distance between the Johore mainland to the Singapore, thus nicknamed as Sempit Puteri in the past. In 1855, when Temenggung Daeng Ibrahim bin Temenggung Daeng Abdul Rahman won his claim over the Johor mainland, he shifted the capital city of the latest divided Johore from Teluk Belanga to Tanjung Puteri and renamed it as Iskandar Puteri, which the new township will be named after; the name was however short-lived, when his descendant Sultan Maharaja Abu Bakar, the 21st Sultan of Johor and the first Sultan of Modern Johor changed it into Johor Bahru upon his coronation as the Maharaja of Johor in 1868 to distinguish his dynasty from the old Sultanate of Johor.
During his reign, Jaafar Muhammad was appointed as the first chief minister of Modern Johor. According to story from Yayasan Warisan Johor, during his journey to Sempit Puteri, the paddle of the sampan that Dato Jaafar was boarding, was broken. From that event, the place is known as Gelang Patah; until the 1950s, the place is still governed under the city of Iskandar Puteri. On 3 September 1953, Gelang Patah Town Council was founded, followed by Lima Kedai Town Council on 1 August 1954 to oversee the sanitary and facilities development at the area. On 1 March 1978, Gelang Patah and Lima Kedai Town Council, together with six other town councils in Johor Bahru district, i.e. Skudai, Kangkar Pulai, Ulu Choh, Ulu Tiram and Plentong formed Johor Bahru Tengah Municipal Council. In 1993, during the leadership of the fourth Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad, a plan for a second bridge connecting the Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore was brought forward by Halim Saad, who at the time known as a successful young entrepreneur who build the Malaysia longest highway, North-South Expressway, apprentice to the former Minister of Finance Daim Zainuddin.
The cabinet approved the project as the traffic at the Johor Causeway was over congested. The new bridge had been connected from the NSE via Second Link to Jurong East of Singapore, his past experience enable Halim to secure financing from Bank via his company Renong Berhad to acquire vast land along the Second Link for his ambitious new township which known as Nusajaya. The Nusajaya name was given by former Menteri Besar of Muhyiddin Yassin. Nusajaya was well planned township and won many award for its sustainable masterplan. Nusajaya become synonym with latter give name to the city. In January 2016, Nusajaya was renamed to its former prestige name, Iskandar Puteri by Sultan Ibrahim, current Sultan of Johor. Johor Bahru Tengah Municipal Council was upgraded to Iskandar Puteri City Council in November 2017. Iskandar Puteri is administered by the Iskandar Puteri City Council, it houses the administrative centre for the government of Johor State. It houses Johor Chief Minister's Office; the Mahkota Square located here.
Due to electoral division by Election Commission of Malaysia, there are four parliamentary and eight state constituencies dividing Iskandar Puteri area. There are Pulai parliamentary seat, Perling state seat. Iskandar Puteri consists of 11 administrative zones: Iskandar Puteri Kangkar Pulai Taman Universiti Taman Impian Emas Taman Mutiara Rini Taman Ungku Tun Aminah Bandar Uda Utama Taman Bukit Indah Gelang Patah Leisure Farm Tanjung Kupang EduCity is a 600-acre educational area, which consists of the University of Southampton Malaysia Campus, Newcastle University Medicine Malaysia, University of Reading, Multimedia University, Raffles University, Netherlands Maritime Institute of Technology, Management Development Institute of Singapore, Marlborough College Malaysia and Raffles American School. Other universities in the city are University of Technology and Southern University College. Puteri Harbour is a marina development. Sanrio Hello Kitty Town and Thomas Town are located at Puteri Harbour.
Legoland Malaysia is one of the main attractions of Johor state, it is a 5,500,000 sq ft integrated complex containing the Legoland Malaysia and Legoland Water Park theme parks, plus a lifestyle retail centre, hotels, service apartments and residential units. The main theme park includes 70 hands-on rides, shows distributed among the LEGO Technic, LEGO Kingdoms, Land of Adventure, LEGO City and MINILAND areas. Another attraction is the Legoland Hotel. Shopping malls in the city are AEON Bukit Indah, AEON Taman Universiti, GP Mall, Mall of Medini, Perling Mall, Skudai Parade, Sutera Mall, Tasek Central and U Mall. FASTrack City will open in 2019. Townships such as Gerbang Nusajaya, Casa Almyra, Nusa Sentral, Taman Universiti, Nusa Indah, Taman Nusa Bestari Jaya, Bestari Heights, East Ledang, Ledang Heights, Nusa Idaman, Nusa Bayu, Nusa Bestari, Nusa Bestari 2, Nusa Duta, Bukit Indah, Horizon Hills and Sunway Iskandar are located within this zone; the Port of Tanjung Pelepas, which ranks as Malaysia's largest container port since 2004 lies in the wes
Pasir Gudang is an industrial town located in Mukim Plentong, Johor Bahru District, Malaysia. The main industries are transportation and logistics, shipbuilding and other heavy industries, oil palm storage and distribution, located in Johor Port and Tanjung Langsat. Established in 1918, Pasir Gudang, known as Kampung Pasir Udang, was founded by Long Abu, believed to have originated from Riau, Indonesia. Four more villages were established by the expanded population of about 83 families. Kampung Pasir Gudang Baru. Kampung Sungai Perembi. Kampung Ulu Kampung Tengah Kampung Hilir. In 1920, 4 more villages were established: Kampung Air Biru. Kampung Pasir Merah. Kampung Pasir Puteh, still in existence today. Kampung Pulau Tekong, now the territory of Singapore; the name Pasir Gudang originated from the existence of a sand mine at Kampung Ulu. Sand or'pasir' in Malay are dug and stocked in sand pits/stores or'gudang' in Malay, to be exported to Singapore, hence the name'Pasir Gudang'; the surrounding areas further inland were developed in the mid-19th century by Chinese travellers of the Teochew clan.
Issuance of the'river deed' by the Sultan of Johore allowed them to develop the Kangkar Masai, Kangkar Plentong and Kangkar Lunchu areas under riverheads known as'kangchus'. It was on these riverbeds that they cultivated black pepper. Falling catechu and black pepper prices forced some estate owners to cultivate pineapples; the introduction of rubber into Malaysia in the early 20th century resulted in the opening of big estates by the British and Singaporean cultivators. Up till 1916, six estates covering an area of 15,000 acres were opened in the Mukim of Plentong. In 1916, Kampung Pasir Gudang became the centre for Police and opium-control besides being a centre for the'penghulu' of the Mukim of Pasir Gudang; the formation of estates had resulted in influx of labourers from China and India. The Japanese occupation during the Second World War and guerrilla movements after the war did not have much effect on the agricultural activities here. Under the Emergency Law in the 1950s, new villages were set up at Plentong, Masai and Pasir Gudang.
The estate labourers were either placed at guarded estate barracks. Land schemes under the FELDA scheme were founded in Ban Foo, Plentong Baru and Felda Cahaya Baru after 1969. To further develop Johor, the State Government further took the estate lands to be converted into industrial and housing areas to the develop Pasir Gudang into an industrial area. Establishment of the Johore Port in 1977 was seen as a reaction to counter the entrepôt hub in Singapore. Pasir Gudang is administered by the Pasir Gudang Local Authority, or Pihak Berkuasa Tempatan Pasir Gudang, a subsidiary of Johor Corporation, it is the first local authority in Malaysia, privatised, although Johor Corporation is the investment arm of the Johor State Government. On 1 July 2008, this agency was granted municipal status and changed its name to Pasir Gudang Municipal Council. At 2015, the administration zone of Pasir Gudang Municipal Council was increase from 29,459.9ha to 31,732.24ha following the re-delineation exercise. This brought Bandar Seri Alam become a part of Pasir Gudang.
The Politeknik Ibrahim Sultan, Pasir Gudang Community College, Institut Latihan Perindustrian Pasir Gudang and Johor Skills Development Centre are the major higher institutes located at Pasir Gudang. Not only that, the “City of Knowledge”－Bandar Seri Alam houses a number of higher institutions including Universiti Teknologi Mara campus, Universiti Kuala Lumpur campus, the Masterskill University College of Health Sciences campus and other international schools; the Foon Yew High School second branch and the Lee Chong Wei Badminton Academy are still construction. It is the site of one of two major power stations in the state of Johor, the Sultan Iskandar Power Station. There are 3 hospital in the area, KPJ Pasir Gudang Specialist Hospital, Hospital Penawar Pasir Gudang and Regency Specialist Hospital. Pasir Gudang Kite Museum is located here, on top of Kite Hill, it is the first kite museum in Malaysia and has a unique working windmill whose mechanism works to generate enough electricity to supply the daily needs of the museum.
It hosts the annual Pasir Gudang International Kite Festival since 1995. Pasir Gudang Corporation Stadium is a multi-use stadium and it has both an indoor stadium within its compound; the outdoor stadium can hold a maximum of 15,000 people and is used for football matches, serving as the home stadium to Johor in the Malaysia Premier League, President Cup and Harimau Muda B in the S. League; the 3.86 km Johor Racing Circuit is located here, which hosted one of the legs of the World Motorcycle Championship, being one of only two legs held in Asia. Pasir Gudang has the Tanjung Puteri Golf Resort, it has an area of 8.3 km² and 3 courses named Plantation and Straits. The town consists of two ports, which are Tanjung Johor Port. Johor Port is one of the country's most important seaports for commodities and mineral resources shipping, as Johor is home to a large number of major commercial plantations; the port is the location of the majority of Malaysia's resources refineries. Pasir Gudang is connected by the 4 lane Pasir Gudang Highway, a trunk road, a railway line to Kempas Bahru railway station.
The Senai-Desaru Expressway through here and the interchange was at Caha
Bukit Kepong is a mukim in Muar District, Malaysia. It is located near the Muar River; the town is infamous for the tragic Bukit Kepong Incident. Bukit Kepong spreads over 256 km2 of land with a population of 10,174 people. Sekolah Kebangsaan Durian Chondong Sekolah Kebangsaan Bukit Kepong Sekolah Jenis Kebangsaan Kepong
Kota Tinggi District
The Kota Tinggi District is a district in Johor, Malaysia. Its capital is Kota Tinggi Town. Kota Tinggi town and other settlements of Kuala Sedili, Sungai Rengit and Pengerang are administered by Kota Tinggi District Council, based in Kota Tinggi town and Pengerang Local Authority for southern area based in Pengerang; the district has an area of 3,482 km2. It is the largest district in Johor; the district has a total population of 200,000 people. Its population growth rate in 2000 was 1.08%. The district is governed by two local authorities, which are Kota Tinggi District Council and Pengerang Local Authority; the Kota Tinggi District Council governs northwestern part of the district. Launched on 16 January 2017, the Pengerang Local Authority governs the southeastern part of the district over an area of 1,288.3 km2, administered by Johor Corporation. The district consists of 10 mukims, which are: Johor Lama Kambau Kota Tinggi Town Pantai Timur Pengerang Sedili Besar Sedili Kechil Tanjung Surat Ulu Sungai Johor Ulu Sungai Sedili Besar Bandar Penawar Bandar Tenggara Desaru Johor Lama Kota Tinggi Kuala Sedili Pengerang Sungai Rengit Tanjung Surat Teluk Sengat Main rivers that pass through the district are Johor River, Lebam River, Santi River, Sedili Besar River and Sedili Kecil River.
The main economy activities in the district are ecotourism, biotechnology and oil and gas. 60% of the district land is used for agriculture purpose. In Desaru the Johor state government is developing an integrated tourism area which spreads over an area of 1,578 hectares. Kota Tinggi Museum Sultan Iskandar Reservoir Sultan Mahmud Mangkat Di Julang Mausoleum Tanjung Balau Fishermen Museum Desaru Kota Tinggi Waterfalls The district is served by TransJohor public buses linking Kota Tinggi Town to Larkin Sentral Terminal in Johor Bahru City and other destinations within the district, such as Bandar Penawar. Kota Tinggi
Pahang Pahang Darul Makmur with the Arabic honorific Darul Makmur is a sultanate and a federal state of Malaysia. It is the third largest Malaysian state by area and ninth largest by population; the state occupies the basin of the Pahang River, a stretch of the east coast as far south as Endau. Geographically located in the East Coast region of the Peninsular Malaysia, the state shares borders with the Malaysian states of Kelantan and Terengganu to the north, Perak and Negeri Sembilan to the west, Johor to the south, while South China Sea is to the east; the Titiwangsa mountain range that forms a natural divider between the Peninsula’s east and west coasts is spread along the north and south of the state, peaking at Mount Tahan, 2,187m high. Although two thirds of the state is covered by dense rain forest, its central plains are intersected by numerous rivers, along the coast there is a 32-kilometre wide expanse of alluvial soil that includes the deltas and estuarine plains of the Kuantan, Rompin and Mersing rivers.
The state is divided into 11 administrative divisions called daerah - Pekan, Maran, Jerantut, Raub, Cameron Highlands and Bera. The largest district is Jerantut, the main gateway to the Taman Negara national park. Pahang's capital and largest city, Kuantan, is the eighth largest urban agglomerations by population in Malaysia; the royal capital and the official seat of the Sultan of Pahang is located at Pekan. Pekan was the old state capital which its name translates into'the town', it was known as'Inderapura'. Other major towns include Temerloh and its hills resorts of Genting Highlands and Bukit Tinggi; the head of state is the Sultan of Pahang. The government system is modeled on the Westminster parliamentary system; the state religion of Pahang is Islam, but grants freedom to manifest other religions in its territory. Pahang is categorised as medium ethnically diverse state with 0.36 of ethnic diversity index in 2010. It is ranked 5th least diverse among Malaysian states and territories, after Terengganu, Kelantan and Perlis.
Archaeological evidences revealed the existence of human habitation in the area, today Pahang from as early as the paleolithic age. The early settlements developed into an ancient maritime trading state by the 3rd century. In the 5th century, the Old Pahang sent envoys to the Liu Song court. During the time of Langkasuka and Ligor, Pahang was one of the outlying dependencies. In the 15th century, the Pahang Sultanate became an autonomous kingdom within the Melaka Sultanate. Pahang entered into a dynastic union with Johor Empire in the early 17th century and emerged as an autonomous kingdom in the late 18th century. Following the bloody Pahang Civil War, concluded in 1863, the state under Tun Ahmad of the Bendahara dynasty, was restored as a Sultanate in 1881. In 1895, Pahang became a British protectorate along with the states of Perak and Negeri Sembilan. During the World War II, Pahang and other states of Malaya were occupied by the Empire of Japan from 1941 to 1945. After the war, Pahang became part of the temporary Malayan Union before being absorbed into the Federation of Malayas and gained full independence through the federation.
On 16 September 1963, the Malayan federation are being merged into a more larger federation of the Federation of Malaysia with North Borneo and Singapore. The federation was opposed by neighbouring Indonesia, which led to the Indonesia–Malaysia confrontation over three years along with the continuous war against local Communist insurgents. Modern Pahang is an economically important state with main activities in services and agricultural sectors; as part of ECER, it is a key region for the manufacturing sector, with the local logistics support network serving as a hub for the entire east coast region of Peninsular Malaysia. Over the years, the state has attracted much investment, both local and foreign, in the mineral sector. Important mineral exports include iron ore, gold and bauxite. Malaysia’s substantial oil and natural gas fields lie offshore in the South China Sea. At one time, timber resources brought much wealth to the state. Large-scale development projects have resulted in the clearing of hundreds of square miles of land for oil palm and rubber plantations and the resettling of several hundred thousand people in new villages under the federal agencies and institutions like FELDA, FELCRA and RISDA.
The naming of Pahang relates to the ancient practice in Malayic culture of defining territorial definitions and apportioning lands by water-sheds. The term'Pahang' in referring to the kingdom thus, is thought to originate from the name of Pahang River. There have been many theories on the origin of the name. According to Malay legend, across the river at Kampung Kembahang where the present stream of the Pahang parts company with the Pahang Tua, in ancient time stretched a huge mahang tree from which the river and kingdom derived their name; this legend agrees with oral tradition among Proto-Malay Jakun peoples that say their forefathers called the country Mahang. Other notable theory was espoused by William Linehan, that relates the early foundation of the kingdom to the settlers from ancient Khmer civilisation, claims its naming origin to the word saamnbahang meaning'tin', based on the discovery of prehistoric tin mines in the state. There were many variations of the name Pahang in history.
The Book of Song referred to the kingdom as Panhuang. The Chinese