Endogamy is the practice of marrying within a specific social group, caste, or ethnic group, rejecting those from others as unsuitable for marriage or other close personal relationships. Endogamy is common in ethnic groups. Several religious and ethnic religious groups are traditionally more endogamous, although sometimes with the added dimension of requiring marital religious conversion; this permits an exogamous marriage, as the convert, by accepting the partner's religion, becomes accepted within the endogamous rules. Endogamy, as distinct from consanguinity, may result in transmission of genetic disorders, the so-called founder effect, within the closed community. Endogamy can serve as a form of self-segregation. Minorities can use it to stay ethnically homogeneous over a long time as distinct communities within societies that have other practices and beliefs; the isolationist practices of endogamy may lead to a group's extinction, as genetic diseases may develop that can affect an increasing percentage of the population.
However, this disease effect would tend to be small unless there is a high degree of close inbreeding, or if the endogamous population becomes small in size. The Urapmin, a small tribe in Papua New Guinea, practice strict endogamy; the Urapmin have a system of kinship classes known as tanum miit. Since the classes are inherited cognatically, most Urapmin belong to all of the major classes, creating great fluidity and doing little to differentiate individuals; the small community on the South Atlantic island of Tristan da Cunha are, because of their geographical isolation, an endogamic society. There are instances of health problems attributed to endogamy on the island, including glaucoma and asthma as research by the University of Toronto has demonstrated. Other examples of ethnic and religious groups that practice endogamy include: Amish Assyrians, indigenous Christian people of upper Mesopotamia. Armenians have a history of endogamy due to being entirely surrounded by Islamic neighbours while being a Christian nation.
Daylamites, an ethnic group living south of the Caspian Sea in ancient and medieval Persia. Druze of the Levant. Gitanos practice endogamy within their raza, or patrigroup. Iranian Turkmens Judaism traditionally mandates religious endogamy, requiring that both marriage partners be Jewish, while allowing for marriage to converts. Orthodox Judaism maintains the traditional requirement for endogamy in Judaism as a binding, inherent part of Judaism's religious beliefs and traditions, while the more liberal Jewish religious movements are far more permissive with regard to interfaith marriage and conversion requirements. Knanaya, an endogamous group within the St. Thomas Christian Community of India; the community claims to have arrived to India in the fourth century and have been noted for their historical practice of endogamy. Jews of Mashhad, Iran Mizo Mormons Parsis Rajputs Yazidis, an group with a syncretic religion indigenous to upper Mesopotamia. Anti-miscegenation laws Arranged marriage Assortative mating Consanguinity Ethnic nationalism Ethnic nepotism Ethnoreligious group Interfaith marriage MiscegenationCousin marriage: Cousin marriage Marriages and gotras List of coupled cousinsMarriage systems: Exogamy Homogamy Hypergamy "Endogamy".
Love is Colder Than Death abbreviated LiCTD or LICTD, is an early German neoclassical dark wave band, one of the cornerstones to Hyperium Record's Heavenly Voices compilation series of the early 1990s. It is named after the 1969 Fassbinder film Liebe ist kälter als der Tod; the band's music is characterized by its extensive use of both romantic and classical styled male and female vocals. Founded by Ralf Donis, Maik Hartung, Sven Mertens, Susann Heinrich in 1990, the band members and music have changed since then; the first few LICTD albums were released on the Hyperium record label in Europe and on the new Metropolis Records label in the United States. The band's album Teignmouth was the first Metropolis Records release, remains one of LICTD's more popular albums. Following the departure of Donis, the more experimental songs that characterized some of the early LICTD work gave way to a much more classical sound. Eclipse, the latest LICTD album with new content, reached number one on Mexican New Age Sales Charts.
At present, the band is based in Germany. The band performed at major international festivals including, Wave-Gotik-Treffen in 2003 and 2005 and the annual Bach Festival Leipzig in 2003. Wild World Hyperium vinyl EP Teignmouth Hyperium Records / Metropolis Records Mental Traveller Hyperium / Metropolis Records Oxeia Hyperium / Metropolis Records Spellbound Hyperium CDS Atopos Chrom Eclipse In Deyagora Music Tempest In Deyagora Music Two Faces But No Guitars — MC limited to 20 copies Auter Hyperium — collection CD Inside the Bell — live album limited Time 2CD In Deyagora Music—collection CD limited to 1,000 copies Romantic Sound Sampler III Zillo Bouquet of Dreams Dark Star From Hypnotic Hyperium Hyperium Promotional Sampler Hyperium Oxeia on Heavenly Voices Part 2 Hyperium Borderline Messerschmitt We Came to Dance Vol. 1 Sub Terranean Art and Dance Vol. 4 Gothic Arts The Fallen Angel Zoth Ommog Affaire de Coeur Heavenly Voices III Hyperium Zauber of Music Vol. II Hyperium Moonraker Vol. II Sub Terranean Electrocity Vol. 6 Ausfahrt German Mystic Sound Sampler Vol. V Zillo Miroque Sub Terranean Touched By The Hand Of Goth Vol. II Sub Terranean The City In the Sea on Goth Box Disk 3 Cleopatra Hyperium New Classics Vol. 1 Hyperium Love and Solitude on The Black Bible 4CD Cleopatra Wild World on Orkus Presents The Best Of The 90s 3 2CD Orkus Ralf Donis — vocals Maik Hartung — strings/percussion/keyboards Sven Mertens — backing vocals/percussion/keys Susann Porter / Heinrich — vocals Andrew Porter - drums, vocals Manuela Budich — vocals Helen Landen — vocals Ralf Jehnert — vocals Anja Herrmann — Vocals/Percussion Justus Kriewald — Keyboards/Backing Vocals/Bass Uli Stornowski — Percussion/Flute/Backing Vocals Michael Metzler — a member of Sarband Neil Rupsch — Drums René Bielig — Guitars/Bass Official website Love Is Colder Than Death - MySpace Fan Page Love Is Colder Than Death discography at Discogs Love Is Colder Than Death at Last.fm
Jammu and Kashmir consists of two divisions: Jammu Division and Kashmir Division and is further divided into 20 districts:This excludes the Pakistani administered region of Pakistan Occupied Kashmir. The remaining 42,241 km2 is administered by India. Prior to 1947, Kashmir was a princely state under the paramountcy of the British Indian Empire; the central part of the princely state was administratively divided into the provinces Jammu and Kashmir. In addition there were semi-autonomous jagirs, they were subdivided as follows: Kashmir province: Districts of Srinagar, Anantnag and Muzaffarabad. Internal jagirs: Poonch and Bhaderwah Jammu province: Districts of Jammu and Mirpur. Frontier districts:Ladakh district with three sub-districts: Leh and Skardu. Gilgit district with two sub-districts: Gilgit and Astore. Frontier ilaqas comprising Punial, Yasin, Kuh Ghizar, Hunza and Chilas; the Gilgit district and the frontier ilaqas were administered by the British administration as the Gilgit Agency, which were returned to the princely state prior to the Partition of India.
Following the independence of India and Pakistan, in October 1947, there was an attack by mercenaries sponsored by Pakistan in the western districts of the princely state coupled with a tribal invasion, both of which were supported by the newly independent Dominion of Pakistan. The princely ruler acceded to the Indian Union in return for armed assistance. India and Pakistan fought the First Kashmir War that lasted through 1948, at the end of which large parts of the three western districts of Mirpur and Muzaffarabad, the whole of the Gilgit Agency and the Skardu sub-district of Ladakh came under Pakistani control; the remainder of the princely state has been organised as a state of the Indian Union under the name Jammu Kashmir. The territory under the Indian control include: Jammu Division: districts of Jammu, Udhampur, Reasi. Kashmir Division: Kashmir South and Kashmir North. Ladakh Division: Kargil and Leh districts; the districts were reorganised by 1968. In 2006, eight new districts were created: Kishtwar, Reasi, Bandipora, Ganderbal and Shopian.
In August 2019, the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Act was passed by both houses of the Indian Parliament. The provisions contained in the bill reorganised the state of Jammu and Kashmir into two union territories. Behera, Navnita Chadha, Demystifying Kashmir, Pearson Education India, ISBN 8131708462 Karim, Maj Gen Afsir, Kashmir The Troubled Frontiers, Lancer Publishers LLC, pp. 30–, ISBN 978-1-935501-76-3 Snedden, Understanding Kashmir and Kashmiris, Oxford University Press, ISBN 978-1-84904-342-7 Jammu and Kashmir district portal
The Alderman Road Dormitories are one of two main areas of first-year living dormitories at the University of Virginia, the other being the McCormick Road Dormitories. There were eleven houses in the residence area located on Alderman Road, which were constructed in the early 1960s to accommodate a large growth in admitted students. In 2006, the University initiated a replacement project after determining that renovating the dormitories would be less cost effective and would not provide more beds for projected enrollment growth. Additionally, the University wants to provide modern amenities for its first year students; the project, split into four phases, is slated to finish in 2015. The eleven original houses in the Alderman Road Residence Area were each named after a professor who contributed to the University. After each house is demolished during the ongoing Alderman Road Replacement Project, their names will be reassigned to the new dormitories; the houses and their replacements are: Additionally and Woody were added to the residence area in the 1990s.
Kellogg was served as the model for the rest of the replacement project. Balz-Dobie and Watson-Webb houses were completed in 2011. Lile-Maupin, Tuttle-Dunnington, Shannon houses were completed in August 2013; the replacement dorms all feature hall-style living with modern amenities like "multi-purpose gathering spaces, study/lounge rooms, other general use areas such as mail service and classroom space." The original houses lacked such amenities. Rooms in Alderman Road Dorms are double-occupant rooms; each double occupant room in Cauthen and Woody contains two captains beds, each room in Balz-Dobie, Watson-Webb contains two bunkable junior loft beds, each room in Courtenay, Dunnington and Fitzhugh contains standard bunkable beds. Every room in the Alderman Road Residence Area has two desks, two bookshelves, two chairs and two wardrobes. All hall-style dorm rooms have a window with blinds; each room in suite-style dorms contains a radiator, a large window with blinds, but does not have air conditioning.
The dimensions of each double-occupancy room in Cauthen and Woody is 15 feet by 11 feet, a double-occupancy room in Balz-Dobie and Watson-Webb is 16 feet by 11 feet, a double-occupancy room in the suite-style dorms is 16 feet by 12 feet. Courtenay and Fitzhugh each have one triple-occupancy room in each suite, 16 feet by 13 feet; the suite-style dorms have a 24 feet by 21 feet common room per suite. All of the furniture can not be removed from the room during occupancy. Laundry facilities are located in Balz-Dobie, Tuttle-Dunnington, Gibbons, & Watson-Webb. All of the buildings in this area are co-ed. In the remaining suite-style dorms, each floor has four suites per floor, with each suite holding 5 bedrooms, or 10-12 residents. In those buildings the first floor is male, the second is female and the third floor is male. There is one resident adviser per two suites, for a total of six advisers for those three buildings. In the hall-style buildings, each floor is single-sex and has about 20-24 residents per Resident Advisor.
Student life in these dorms is dominated by association councils. Each set of connected houses elects an Association Council in October that consists of a President, Vice President and representatives from different sections of the buildings. Association Councils are in charge of organizing and planning house events, such as cookouts, Capture the Flag, games of Assassins, end of exam parties. Resident Advisors will plan hall activities, such as dinners and outings for the hall or suite. Alderman Road Dorms have three different bus stops, allowing easy access to the University’s bus system. Located close to Alderman Road Dormitories are Observatory Hill Dining Hall, The Aquatic and Fitness Center, Slaughter Rec Center, Scott Stadium
Dalibor Talajić is a Croatian comic book artist. He is most famous for his work for the Marvel Comics publishing house, he gained international acclaim and commercial success working on the Deadpool Kills the Marvel Universe series in 2012. In 2016, in collaboration with ABC News, Talajić created Madaya Mom, where he illustrated the siege of Madaya based on messages ABC reporters received from within the city. Dalibor Talajić was born in SR Bosnia and Herzegovina. In 1975, his family moved to Zagreb. While in secondary school, he attended the Vatroslav Lisinski music school where he studied the clarinet. After finishing his secondary education, he studied music arts at the Music Academy in Zagreb. While at the Academy, he applied at the Academy of Fine Arts in Zagreb for two consecutive years but was not accepted. Talajić graduated from the Music Academy in 1994 and taught the clarinet at the Zlatko Baloković music school for the following eleven years, his work has been published in several Croatian magazines including the Zagreb fanzine Endem, where he still remains a presented author.
Talajić entered the US comics market in 2005 and since 2009 has been working exclusively for Marvel. His most celebrated work for the publisher is the four-issue series Deadpool Kills the Marvel Universe, followed by Deadpool Kills the Marvel Universe Again. Interior comic work includes: The Atheist #2-4: "The Inn Between" Negative Burn vol. 2: Summer Special: "A Monster's Tale" Winter Special: "The Drop" Deadworld vol. 3 #3-6 Hunter's Moon #1-5 Hrvatski Velikani Volume 2: "Nikola Šubić-Zrinski" La bible: L'Évangile selon Matthieu Deadpool #900: "Silent but Deadly" Hit-Monkey: World's Greatest Assassin "Year of the Monkey" Deadpool Team-Up: "Merc with a Myth" "It! The Living Colossus" PunisherMAX: Tiny Ugly World Tomb of Dracula Presents: Throne of Blood X-Men: To Serve and Protect #3: "...and You'll Miss It" 5 Ronin #2: "The Way of the Monk" Vekovnici Volume 5 X-Men vol. 3 Giant-Size + #12-15: "First to Last" Shame Itself: "Marvelous" The Incredible Hulk vol. 3 #11: "The Search for the City of Sasquatches" Avengers Origins: Luke Cage Zabava za celu porodicu #25: "Razumevanje" Ghost Rider vol. 6 #6 Deadpool Kills the Marvel Universe: Deadpool Kills the Marvel Universe #1-4 Deadpool Kills the Marvel Universe Again #1-5 Uncanny X-Force vol. 2: "Torn and Frayed" "The Great Corruption" Dexter: Dexter #1-5 Dexter Down Under #1-5 Wolverine: In the Flesh Empire of the Dead: Act Two #1-5 In the Dark: "Set Me Free" The New Avengers vol. 3 #30: "Time Runs Out, Part 14" Secret Wars: Master of Kung Fu #1-4 Red Wolf vol. 2 #1-6: "Man Out of Time" Hercules vol. 4 #6: "Here's to a Long Life" Civil War II: Kingpin #1: "Janus Jardeesh" Foolkiller vol. 3 #1-5 She-Hulk: "Deconstructed" "I am...
She-Hulk" Shang-Chi, Master of Kung Fu #126 Shock Volume 1: "Last Dance with You" X-Men: Black – Magneto: "The Stars, Our Destination?" Old Man Logan #36-38: "Moving Target" Relay #4-5 Deadworld: Frozen Over #1-4 Dalibor Talajić at the Grand Comics Database Dalibor Talajić at the Comic Book DB
Homespun Records is the original record company of Rick Cassidy. It was started in 1967 by Patrick Cassidy; the first album was The Commonwealth's "The Best In Caucasian Soul" Live. In 1975 Rick Cassidy released his contemporary Christian album titled "Agape". In 1985 Rick Cassidy released his second album. A compilation of songs written over many years called "Songs I Wrote". Mary Chapman was discovered in Columbus, Ohio in 1995 and released her "Tears In The Night" debut album. In 2010 Rick Cassidy released his first jazz single "I Wanna Be Around" and his album "Neon Nights". In 2010 Homespun Records signed Jimmy and the Soulblazers to rerelease their 1973 album "Clockwork"; some of the unreleased albums include music by The Commonwealth, Tim Cassidy, The Count IV, Melady. Homespun Records was started in 1967 in Alliance, Ohio by Patrick Cassidy as a record company for his band and family, it moved Syracuse, New York, Columbus, Ohio. In 1995 Homespun Records reorganized in Las Vegas and began recording and remixing previous material for subsequent release.
It now operates as a "web only" label offering sales and distribution on the Internet through Amazon.com, iTunes, Internet radio stations. Homespun operates its own "Little Known Music" Internet radio station to promote its own music. "Agape" Rick Cassidy, CD, Homespun Records 1975 "Songs I Wrote" Rick Cassidy, CD, Homespun Records 1985 "Tears In The Night" Mary Chapman, CD, Homespun Records 1995 "Neon Nights" Rick Cassidy, CD, Homespun Records 2010 "Clockwork" Jimmy And The Soul Blazers, CD Homespun Records 2010 "Roller Bros Band" Roller Brothers, CD Homespun Records 2011 "Jimmy And The Soul Blazers 50th Anniversary" Jimmy And The Soul Blazers, DVD Homespun Records 2017 "I Wanna Be Around" Rick Cassidy, Homespun Records 2010 "Live At Hancock Field" The Count IV "Collections" Melady "From Broadway To Broadway" Tim Cassidy "Best In Caucasian Soul" The Commonwealth Official website Little Known Music