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An enema known as a clyster, is an injection of fluid into the lower bowel by way of the rectum. The word enema can refer to the liquid so injected, as well as to a device for administering such an injection. In standard medicine, the most frequent uses of enemas are to relieve constipation and for bowel cleansing before a medical examination or procedure. In other contexts, enemas are used by some alternative health therapies, used for enjoyment, chiefly as part of sexual activities, but in sadomasochism, as well as for pleasure, used to intoxicate with alcohol, used to administer drugs for both recreational and religious reasons, used for punishment; the principal medical usages of enemas are: As bowel stimulants, enemas are employed for the same purposes as orally administered laxatives: To relieve constipation. A large volume of enema can be given to cleanse as much of the colon as possible of feces. However, a low enema is useful only for stool in the rectum, not in the intestinal tract.

Such enemas' mechanism consists of the volume of the liquid causing rapid expansion of the intestinal tract in conjunction with, in the case of certain solutions, irritation of the intestinal mucosa, resulting in powerful peristalsis and a feeling of extreme fecal urgency. The enema is retained until there is a tremendous, uncontrollable urge to defecate, at which time the recipient may expel any fecal matter loosened by the instilled solution together with the solution itself. Plain water can be used functioning mechanically to expand the colon, thus prompting evacuation. Castile soap is added because its irritation of the colon's lining increases the urgency to defecate. However, liquid handsoaps and detergents should not be used. Glycerol is a specific bowel mucosa irritant serving to induce peristalsis via a hyperosmotic effect, it is used in a dilute solution, e.g. 5%. Normal saline is least irritating at the opposite end of the spectrum. Like plain water, it functions mechanically to expand the colon, but having a neutral concentration gradient, it neither draws electrolytes from the body, as happens with plain water, nor draws water into the colon, as occurs with phosphates.

Thus, a salt water solution can be used when a longer period of retention is desired, such as to soften an impaction. Equal parts of milk and molasses heated together to above normal body temperature have been used. Neither the milk sugars and proteins nor the molasses are absorbed in the lower intestine, thus keeping the water from the enema in the intestine. Studies have shown that milk and molasses enemas have a low complication rate when used in the emergency department and are safe and effective with minimal side effects. Mineral oil functions as a lubricant and stool softener, but may have side effects including rectal skin irritation and leakage of oil which can soil undergarments for up to 24 hours. In alphabetical order Arachis oil enema is useful for softening stools which are impacted higher than the rectum. Bisacodyl stimulas enteric nerves to cause colonic contractions. Dantron is a stimulant stool softener used alone or in combinations in enemas. Considered to be a carcinogen its use is limited, e.g. restricted in the UK to patients who have a diagnosis of terminal cancer and not used at all in the USA.

DocusateGlycerol can be used as a small-volume enema. Mineral oil is used as a lubricant because most of the ingested material is excreted in the stool rather than being absorbed by the body. Sodium phosphate. Known by the brand name Fleet. Available at drugstores. Buffered sodium phosphate solution draws additional water from the bloodstream into the colon to increase the effectiveness of the enema, but it can be rather irritating to the colon, causing intense cramping or "griping." Fleet enemas causes a bowel movement in 1 to 5 minutes. Known adverse effects. Sorbitol pulls water into the large intestines causing distention, thereby stimulating the normal forward movement of the bowels. Sorbitol is found in some dried fruits and may contribute to the laxative effects of prunes. and is available for taking orally as a laxative. As an enema for constipation, the recommended adult dose is 120 mL of 25-30% solution, administered once. Note that Sorbitol is an ingredient of the MICROLAX® Enema. In alphabetical order of the original brand names Klyx contains docusate sodium 1 mg/mL and sorbitol solution 357 mg/mL and is used for faecal impaction or constipation or for colon evacuation prior medical procedures, developed by Ferring B.

V.. Micralax MICROLAX® combines the action of sodium citrate, a peptidising agent which can displace bound water present in the faeces, with sodium alkyl sulphoacetate, a wetting agent, with glycerol, an anal mucosa irritant and hyperosmotic; however sold under the name "Micralax", is a preparation containing sorbitol rather than glycerol. Micolette Micro-enema® contains 45 mg sodium lauryl sulphoacetate, 450 mg per 5 ml sodium citrate BP, 625 mg glycerol BP and is a small volume stimulant enema suitable wh

The Tragical Comedy or Comical Tragedy of Mr. Punch

The Tragical Comedy or Comical Tragedy of Mr. Punch or Mr. Punch is a graphic novel written by Neil Gaiman and designed by Dave McKean, it was published in 1994. The book follows the childhood memories of the narrator, illustrating various experiences in his life: fishing on the beach at dawn; the general story is paralleled with the traditional story of the Mr. Punch show,'The oldest, the wisest play'; the narrator is first introduced to Mr. Punch when fishing with his grandfather, but encounters it, a mysterious'professor', during various other activities; the story of Mr. Punch, is that he kills his baby his wife Judy and the police officer who comes to arrest him, he outwits a ghost, a crocodile and a doctor, convinces the hangman to be hanged in his place and, at the play's end defeats the devil himself. Like many of Gaiman's works, a major theme in this graphic novel is memory and the unreliability of one's own recollections, it has been published a number of times: 1994, paperback, ISBN 0-575-05318-6, hardback, ISBN 0-575-05141-8 1995, paperback, ISBN 1-56389-246-4, hardback, ISBN 1-56389-181-6 2006, Bloomsbury Publishing, paperback, ISBN 0-7475-8844-9 2017, Urban Comics, hardback, ISBN 979-10-268-1118-3 Future Bible Heroes wrote and performed a song about the character, called "Mr. Punch."

It was released on the compilation album Where's Neil When You Need Him? which featured Tori Amos and Rasputina. In 2005, BBC Radio 3 broadcast a one-hour radio adaptation of The Tragical Comedy or Comical Tragedy of Mr. Punch, adapted by Gaiman with music by McKean and Ashley Slater; the Rogue Artists Ensemble have mounted Mr. Punch as a stage play

Dear Deidre

Dear Deidre is the British newspaper The Sun's long running agony aunt column written by Deidre Sanders. Dear Deidre is a phone-in section on the long-running British daytime TV programme This Morning, where the section has viewers calling live on the show asking for help from Deidre Sanders. June Deidre Sanders, a graduate of Sheffield University, has been responsible for the feature which bears her name since November 1980; each day there are four or five dilemmas sent in anonymously by readers, which are published and answered by Deidre. There is a week-long series of photos that picture a particular problem, with Deidre giving advice at the end. In addition, several different premium rate advice lines are published, giving recorded messages on problems that readers may have. Anybody that has a problem can email Deidre and they will receive a personal reply. Recurring themes include erection and orgasm problems, having or imagining threesomes, problems with parents, addiction to prostitutes, sex in strange places.

Many of the predicaments featured are improbable, it is the opinion of some that they are more than fabrications. During a piece of news, Deidre will sometimes give humorous advice to a celebrity, having personal problems. One example of this was after José Mourinho called Arsène Wenger a voyeur, there was a casebook featuring Arsène peeking into Chelsea's training ground, a letter from him, written in the type of French seen in'Allo'Allo!. Official website

Sophia King

Sophia King is the alderman for Chicago’s 4th Ward, which includes Bronzeville, Hyde Park, Kenwood and South Loop at its northern edge. King was sworn in on April 13, 2016 to succeed Will Burns, who resigned to become Vice President of Governmental Affairs with AirBnB. Prior to her appointment to the Chicago City Council by Mayor Rahm Emanuel, she was President of Harriet’s Daughters, a non-profit organization dedicated to employment and wealth creation opportunities for African-American neighborhoods. King was born in Colorado and raised in Evanston, Illinois, she earned a bachelor's from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and a master's in education and social policy from Northwestern University. In the late 1980s, King moved to Kenwood in a house she built with her husband Alan, her husband studied for the bar with Michelle Obama and they are friends of the Obama family. In 1996, King helped to establish Ariel Community Academy, a K-8 school, with Ariel Investments C. E. O. Mellody Hobson.

She was involved in 2007-2008 with general election campaign. In anticipation of running for the seat in the 2017 special election, King created a political action committee on March 9, 2016. King was appointed from a field of eighteen initial applicants, she is a member of the following committees. King is a member of the Council's Progressive Reform Caucus. In the 2019 Chicago mayoral election, King endorsed Toni Preckwinkle, declaring her support for her in advance of the first round of the election upon Preckwinkle's entrance into the mayoral race

Hosono House

Hosono House is debut solo album by Japanese musician Haruomi Hosono, released on May 25, 1973. Besides Hosono, this album features performances by the group "Caramel Mama". Hosono wanted to emulate The Band's Music from Big James Taylor's One Man Dog. With this album, recording equipment technology had evolved enough for domestic recordings of good quality to be feasible, going to the center of the city to reach a recording studio was somewhat inconvenient; the album was recorded for five hours every afternoon in a 144 square foot large bedroom in Hosono's residence in Sayama, Japan. The instruments were recorded unprocessed from the amplifiers in a small room, leading to the album's unique sound. Hosono continued to develop the tropical style of Hosono House in his following works, Tropical Dandy and Bon Voyage co.. All tracks are written by Haruomi Hosono, except "Owari no Kisetsu", with music by Hosono and lyrics by Mondo Uno. Haruomi Hosono - Bass, Flat Mandolin, Melodica, Thumb piano, Horn Arrangements, Sony TC-9400 Masataka Matsutoya - Piano, Fender Rhodes, Accordion Shigeru Suzuki - Electric guitar Tatsuo Hayashi - Drums, Percussion Hiroki Komazawa - Steel guitar Kinji Yoshino - Horn Arrangements, Engineering, Re-Mix Engineering Masaki Nomura - EngineeringProductionShinzo Ishiura, WIND CORPORATION - Management Ritsu Kamimura - Transportation Misako Hosono - Cooking Mitsunori Miura - Executive Production Masahiro Nogami - Photography WORK SHOP MU!!

- Art Direction VERANSKY MIKKO MOKKO MINAKO, YAMAZAKI & Neighbour Foods - Special Thanks CITY MUSIC CORPORATION - Publishing ALFA MUSIC - Publishing for "Owari no Kisetsu" SHINKO MUSIC - Publishing for "Aiaigasa"Reissue staffMitsunori Miura - Supervision Ēji Ogura - Auxiliary Supervision Masakazu Kitanaka - Liner Notes Junichi Yamada - Liner Notes Editing Hiroyuki Tsuji - Remastering Engineering Approach - Design Junichi Yamashita - Design Coordination Katsumi Miyata & Jōwa Honda - A&R

SD the Great Battle

SD the Great Battle is a top-down platforming shoot'em up video game released for the Super Famicom on December 29, 1990. A crossover of the Ultra Series, Kamen Rider, Gundam franchises, characters from these franchises are playable; the game is presented in a super deformed style. It is part of the Compati Hero Series games. SD the Great Battle is a shoot'em up game with platforming elements at a top-down perspective. Players must shoot enemies while jumping over obstacles like pits. Three initial characters can be switched to during gameplay, Kamen Rider, the RX-78-2 Gundam. Over the course of the game, three more characters will be available to be played as, Kamen Rider V3, Ultraman Taro, the Knight Gundam. There are a total of seven levels to play through, between them a cutscene will play, further advancing the story; the environmental management equipment for the "SD Nation" mysteriously disappears. Kamen Rider V3, Ultraman Taro, Knight Gundam investigate. However, they become missing. Ultraman, Kamen Rider, Gundam are sent to look for those that went missing.

The three original investigators are rescued, the evil forces behind it all are defeated