Giorgio Vasari was an Italian painter, architect and historian, best known for his Lives of the Most Excellent Painters and Architects, considered the ideological foundation of art-historical writing. He was the first to use the term "Renaissance" in print. Vasari was born prematurely on 30 July 1511 in Tuscany. Recommended at an early age by his cousin Luca Signorelli, he became a pupil of Guglielmo da Marsiglia, a skillful painter of stained glass. Sent to Florence at the age of sixteen by Cardinal Silvio Passerini, he joined the circle of Andrea del Sarto and his pupils Rosso Fiorentino and Jacopo Pontormo, where his humanist education was encouraged, he was befriended by Michelangelo. He died on 27 June 1574 in Florence, Grand Duchy of Tuscany, aged 62. In 1529, he visited Rome where he studied the works of Raphael and other artists of the Roman High Renaissance. Vasari's own Mannerist paintings were more admired in his lifetime than afterwards. In 1547 he completed the hall of the chancery in Palazzo della Cancelleria in Rome with frescoes that received the name Sala dei Cento Giorni.
He was employed by members of the Medici family in Florence and Rome, worked in Naples and other places. Many of his pictures still exist, the most important being the wall and ceiling paintings in the Sala di Cosimo I in the Palazzo Vecchio in Florence, where he and his assistants were at work from 1555, the frescoes begun by him inside the vast cupola of the Duomo were completed by Federico Zuccari and with the help of Giovanni Balducci, he helped to organize the decoration of the Studiolo, now reassembled in the Palazzo Vecchio. In Rome he painted frescos in the Sala Regia. Among his other pupils or followers are included Sebastiano Flori, Bartolomeo Carducci, Domenico Benci, Tommaso del Verrocchio, Federigo di Lamberto, Niccolo Betti, Vittor Casini, Mirabello Cavalori, Jacopo Coppi, Piero di Ridolfo, Stefano Veltroni of Monte San Savino, Orazio Porta of Monte San Savino, Alessandro Fortori of Arezzo, Bastiano Flori of Arezzo, Fra Salvatore Foschi of Arezzo, Andrea Aretino. Aside from his career as a painter, Vasari was successful as an architect.
His loggia of the Palazzo degli Uffizi by the Arno opens up the vista at the far end of its long narrow courtyard. It is a unique piece of urban planning that functions as a public piazza, which, if considered as a short street, is unique as a Renaissance street with a unified architectural treatment; the view of the Loggia from the Arno reveals that, with the Vasari Corridor, it is one of few structures that line the river which are open to the river itself and appear to embrace the riverside environment. In Florence, Vasari built the long passage, now called Vasari Corridor, which connects the Uffizi with the Palazzo Pitti on the other side of the river; the enclosed corridor passes alongside the River Arno on an arcade, crosses the Ponte Vecchio and winds around the exterior of several buildings. It was once the home of the Mercado de Vecchio, he renovated the medieval churches of Santa Maria Novella and Santa Croce. At both he removed the original rood screen and loft, remodelled the retro-choirs in the Mannerist taste of his time.
In Santa Croce, he was responsible for the painting of The Adoration of the Magi, commissioned by Pope Pius V in 1566 and completed in February 1567. It was restored, before being put on exhibition in 2011 in Rome and in Naples, it is planned to return it to the church of Santa Croce in Bosco Marengo. In 1562 Vasari built the octagonal dome on the Basilica of Our Lady of Humility in Pistoia, an important example of high Renaissance architecture. In Rome, Vasari worked with Giacomo Barozzi da Vignola and Bartolomeo Ammannati at Pope Julius III's Villa Giulia. Called "the first art historian", Vasari invented the genre of the encyclopedia of artistic biographies with his Le Vite de' più eccellenti pittori, scultori, ed architettori, dedicated to Grand Duke Cosimo I de' Medici, first published in 1550, he was the first to use the term "Renaissance" in print, though an awareness of the ongoing "rebirth" in the arts had been in the air since the time of Alberti, he was responsible for our use of the term Gothic Art, though he only used the word Goth which he associated with the "barbaric" German style.
The Lives included a novel treatise on the technical methods employed in the arts. The book was rewritten and enlarged in 1568, with the addition of woodcut portraits of artists; the work has a consistent and notorious bias in favour of Florentines, tends to attribute to them all the developments in Renaissance art – for example, the invention of engraving. Venetian art in particular, is systematically ignored in the first edition. Between the first and second editions, Vasari visited Venice and while the second edition gave more attention to Venetian art, it did so without achieving a neutral point of view. There are many inaccuracies within his Lives. For example, Vasari writes that Andrea del Castagno killed Domenico Veneziano, not true, given Andrea died several years before Domenico. In another example, Vasari's biography of Giovanni Antonio Bazzi, whom he calls "Il Soddoma," published only in the Lives' second edition after Bazzi's death, condemns the artist as being immoral and vain. Vasari dismisses Bazzi's work as being
Gopalganj is a town and headquarters of Gopalganj district in the Indian state of Bihar. Gopalganj district covers 2,033 square kilometres in area and ranks as the 26th largest district in the state of Bihar; the district is plains and fertile land. In the district's western part, the Gandak river flows southwards, it is located at 26.47°N 84.43°E / 26.47. As of the 2011 Census of India, Gopalganj had a population of 67,339. Radio Varsha, 90.8 MHz, Rajeev Nagar, Ward No-14, Gopalganj. Radio Rimjhim 90.4 Mhz. Thawe Mandir, an ancient temple, is situated in Gopalganj district; the festival of Dushera is celebrated Gopalganj. During the Navaratri pujan different Dal contribute around Rs 1 crore to celebrate Puja Pandal and for Durga Puja decorations and Puja Pandals, which are structures in temples, in India or abroad, in which the Goddess Durga has a seat, it attracts lakhs of people every year. The major Puja pandal are Raja Dal, Maharaja Dal, New Raj Dal, Chatra Dal, many more pandals in the entire town.
Mauricio Antonio Cruz Jiron is a former Nicaraguan footballer who coaches Diriangén in the Primera División de Nicaragua. During his career he played for Honduran outfit Universidad. Cruz made his debut for Nicaragua in the 1970s and has represented his country in 2 FIFA World Cup qualification matches, his final international was a July 1992 FIFA World Cup qualification match against El Salvador. He has been national team manager during 1998 and 2002 FIFA World Cup qualification matches and again during a short 2010 FIFA World Cup qualification spell in 2008. Cruz took charge of Diriangén again in summer 2008 after he had left them in 2006, he has a brother named Donaldo Jiron. La tripleta galáctica: los mejores mediocampistas del futbol
The Purple Onion was a celebrated cellar club in the North Beach area of San Francisco, located at 140 Columbus Avenue. With an intimate, 80-person setting, the club was a popular influence in local music and entertainment during the Beat era of the 1950s and'60s; the Purple Onion opened in 1952 under the management of Keith Rockwell. His sister and brother-in-law, Virginia "Ginnie" and Irving "Bud" Steinhoff would work weekends at the club until 1960 when they took over management. Bud Steinhoff managed the Purple Onion until his death in November 1983. Virginia Steinhoff continued to operate the club until 1989. Notable entertainers who either got their starts or played the California club in the 1950s and 1960s include Bob Newhart, Lenny Bruce, Woody Allen, Alameda housewife Phyllis Diller, Richard Pryor, Maya Angelou, The Kingston Trio, Jim Nabors, The Irish Rovers, the Smothers Brothers —who recorded their first album, The Smothers Brothers at the Purple Onion there. Tom Guido became the club's manager in 1993.
Under him it became the center of San Francisco's garage rock scene, featuring such bands as The Rip Offs, Spoiled Brats, The Trashwomen, The Makers and Thee Crumpets, The Phantom Surfers, The 22.214.171.124's, Brian Jonestown Massacre, The Groovie Ghoulies, The Go-Nuts, Guitar Wolf and many others. The club closed in 1999. Tom Guido died in 2019. In 2004, the club returned to comedy. Photographer and booker Dan Dion started a weekly comedy night that featured comedians such as Robin Williams, Paul Krassner, Jim Short, Tom Rhodes. David Owen presented the debut of Mort Sahl in June 2005, shows by Greg Proops, Zach Galifianakis, Margaret Cho, Todd Barry, Dan Piraro, Judah Friedlander. By 2010, the club was only running weekend shows, though these shows were over capacity at 100–110 people. In September 2012, the building was sold with "no plans to rescue"; the club reopened in August 2014 as Doc's Lab and hosted both music and comedy throughout the week, until its closure in February 2018. The Purple Onion name has been in use since November 2, 2012, around the corner as The Purple Onion at Kell's at 530 Jackson Street.
It continues to showcase underground and Bay Area comedy acts on Thursday nights. The Purple Onion at Kells
Gu Deng was a mathematician and politician at the end of Qing Dynasty and in the early Republic of China. His courtesy name was Yangwu. Gu Deng was born in Jiangsu. In the end of Qing Dynasty He graduated the department of the Gezhi Academy. In 1909 Gu translated the book about quaternions, this is the first introduction about quaternions in Chinese history. Gu Deng became a teacher in Beijing University and Qinghua University he became the president of Beiping Women's College of Humanities and Sciences and the chairperson of the department of mathematics, Northeastern University. In February 1934, he became a professor of the department of mathematics at Shanghai Jiao Tong University. Gu Deng was one of the founders of the Chinese Mathematical Society, the first academic organization for Chinese mathematicians, in 1935 in Shanghai, he became the editor-in-chief of Magazine of Mathematics, published by the Chinese Mathematical Society and Information of Science, published by Shanghai Jiao Tong University.
In April 1938, Gu Deng was appointed Vice-Minister for Education under the collaborationist Provisional Government of the Republic of China led by Wang Kemin. In July, Chen Qun was relieved from his post as Minister for Education, Gu Deng became concurrently the provisional acting Minister as well until his official promotion to Minister for Education the following April, he remained in this post until the formation of the Reorganized National Government of China under Wang Jingwei in March 1940. After he resignation, he lived in obscurity, is believed to have died around 1947. "News about schoolfellow Gu Deng," Homepage for an Alumni Association of Shanghai Jiao Tong University. Liu Shoulin; the Chronological Table of the Republic's Officer. Zhonghua Book Company. ISBN 7-101-01320-1