click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

English football league system

The English football league system known as the football pyramid, is a series of interconnected leagues for men's association football clubs in England, with five teams from Wales, one from Guernsey and one from Jersey competing. The system has a hierarchical format with promotion and relegation between leagues at different levels, allowing the smallest club the theoretical possibility of rising to the top of the system. There are more than 140 individual leagues, containing more than 480 divisions; the exact number of clubs varies from year to year as clubs join and leave leagues, fold or merge altogether, but an estimated average of 15 clubs per division implies that more than 7,000 teams of nearly 5,300 clubs are members of a league in the English men's football league system. As there are no official definitions of any level below 11, any references to the structure at level 12 and below should not be regarded as definitive; the pyramid for women's football in England runs separately to nine tiers and some England-based men's clubs play outside the English football league system.

The Football League was created in 1888 by Aston Villa director William McGregor. It was dominated by those clubs; the twelve founding members consisted of six from six from the Midlands. The system consists of a pyramid of leagues, bound together by the principle of promotion and relegation. A certain number of the most successful clubs in each league can rise to a higher league, whilst those that finish the season at the bottom of their league can find themselves sinking down a level. In addition to sporting performance, promotion is contingent on meeting criteria set by the higher league concerning appropriate facilities and finances. In theory, it is possible for a lowly local amateur club to achieve annual promotions and within a few years rise to the pinnacle of the English game and become champions of the Premier League. While this may be unlikely in practice, there is significant movement within the pyramid; the top five levels are nationwide in scope. Below this, the levels have progressively more parallel leagues, with each covering progressively smaller geographic areas.

Many leagues have more than one division. At the lower levels the existence of leagues becomes intermittent, although in some of the more densely populated areas there are leagues more than twenty layers below the Premier League. There are leagues in various parts of the country which are not part of the system as they do not have formal agreements with other leagues, but are recognised at various levels by county football associations. Clubs from these leagues may, if they feel they meet the appropriate standard of play and have suitable facilities, apply to join a league which does form part of the system; the seven levels below the Premier League and English Football League are known as the National League System and come under the jurisdiction of The Football Association. It evolved over many years. In the most recent major re-organisation, two new leagues were entered at level six – the Conference North and Conference South – shifting the top divisions of the Southern League, Isthmian League and Northern Premier League down to level seven.

In May 2014 The FA announced provisional plans for a new division between the English Football League and the National League which would include "B" teams of higher-level clubs. They reneged on the plan to include Premier League "B" teams in the new division and shortly thereafter scrapped the idea altogether; the English football league system does not include the amateur version of the game called Sunday league football. These leagues are independent entities with no promotion or relegation involving the football pyramid. However, some Sunday League clubs have been known to join pyramid leagues if they desire to progress higher. There are some Saturday leagues which are not part of the pyramid, although teams leave these for pyramid leagues; the FA admitted an erstwhile non-promoting Saturday league, the Lincolnshire League, to the pyramid in May 2017. At the top is the single division of the Premier League, containing 20 clubs, all of which, up to the 2010–11 season, were based in England.

However, two Welsh teams have since played in the league. Below the Premier League is the English Football League, divided into three divisions of 24 clubs each: The Championship, League One and League Two; the 20 clubs in the Premier League and 72 clubs in the English Football League are all full-time professional clubs. The Premier League members are still referred to as'League' clubs because, before the establishment of the Premier League in 1992, the Football League, as it was called included all 92 clubs, in four divisions. Clubs outside this group are referred to as'non-League' clubs, although they too play their football in league competitions; the top tier of non-League football is the National League. It contains a national division of 24 clubs, is the lowest level with a single nationwide league; this division like the four above is a full-time professional competition, although some promoted clubs retain part-time status. There are two divisions at Level 6, covering the north (Na

RCI (company)

RCI is a timeshare exchange company with over 6,300 affiliated resorts in 110 countries. Founded in Indiana in 1974 by Jon and Christel DeHaan, RCI is one of the two main timeshare exchange businesses, along with Interval International. RCI is the Wyndham Worldwide family of brands. RCI's president is Olivier Chavy. RCI's corporate headquarters is in New Jersey. Ln India, RCI's corporate office is in India. At the moment Director is Michael Hoster and corporate General Manager is Ayush Kumar, its North American membership office is in Carmel and its European membership office is in Kettering, with several satellite servicing offices around the world. In July 2007, RCI was merged with Holiday Cottages Group, another of Wyndham Worldwide's subsidiaries; the two would still retain their individual names but operate under the parent name Group RCI until 2010, when the two companies changed the name to Wyndham Exchange and Rentals. In 2018 RCI became part of the split off of Wyndham Worldwide into Wyndham Destinations.

RCI is a timeshare exchange company. It does not sell timeshares. A customer who buys a timeshare with an RCI-affiliated developer has the option to become a member of RCI; such membership entitles the individual to exchange their timeshare with other members. Alternatively, a timeshare owner with an RCI-affiliated developer under a points-based system can book reservations through RCI with another RCI affiliate. A class action lawsuit against RCI was pursued by Green Welling LLP on behalf of RCI Weeks Program members in New Jersey of 2006; the Plaintiff alleged that RCI rents out the most desirable and demanded vacation weeks from the spacebank, thus depleting the most desirable options available to Weeks Program members who seek exchanges. The lawsuit was settled in favor of the plaintiff. Benefits for RCI members would have begun on January 11, 2010 but one or more appeals of the entry of the final judgment were filed, thus the Effective Date began July 2010 when all appeals were resolved. In 2012, RCI, whilst not admitting any wrong-doing, settled the class action concerning its time-share renting tactics in favour of claimants in the US and agreed to compensate those who had suffered.

It might be noted. RCI co-founder Christel DeHaan has opened eight schools — known as Christel House International — in Bangalore, India; the schools are designed to provide an education to poor children around the world. Christel House announced in July, 2017 that a ninth school will open in Jamaica, August 2019. In 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, RCI was named one of the Best Places to Work in Indiana by the Indiana Chamber of Commerce. In 2009, RCI was named to the 2009 List of Best Companies to Work for in Latin America. In 2009, RCI was named to the 2009 Best Places to Work for in Mexico. RCI members website

Ahmed Hamdi

Ahmed Hamdi was an Egyptian engineer. He was a general of the third army of Egypt, during the October War, he was killed while crossing the Suez Canal with his soldiers and was awarded the Sinai star posthumously. Hamdi was a graduate of the Faculty of Engineering at Cairo University. In 1951 he joined the Egyptian Air Force, transferred to the engineering force in 1954, he travelled to the Soviet Union, where he passed a training for leaders at the High Military Academy Frunze. In the War of 1956 he was known as "the pure hand", because he detonated thousands of land-bombs, before they exploded. In 1967, he ordered blowing up the El Ferdan Railway Bridge, in order to prevent Israeli soldiers from passing upon it, he installed watching points on steel towers, on the western bank of the Suez Canal beneath trees in order to watch Israeli troops' movements, while there were no means or sand hills. He had chosen the location of these towers himself. In 1971, he was in charge of the preparation of a group of soldiers, who had to install a bridge which will assure the safe transfer of the 3rd army to the other side of the Suez Canal.

He found out the idea of throwing pressured water on the Bar-Lev wall, in order to destroy it. He was the leader of the engineering group, in charge of executing the engineering works for the 3rd army, while the groups were the most important in Yom Kippur. In 1971, he was in charge of preparing a group of troops to install a new bridge, that would assure the safe transfer of the 3rd army, to the other side of the canal, he had helped in the development of the Soviet production bridges, in order to adapt them to the Suez Canal situation. In fact, he enhanced the old Russian bridges deployment from 12 hours to 4 hours, he was wounded while the Egyptian army was crossing the canal, where he had saved one of the bridges. He was shot and killed during the same operation, he had refused to stay in the command center with the other generals in order to be with his officers and soldiers. Egypt had honored him by dedicating to his name, Sinai Star first rank, this prize is the military prize in Egypt.

His death day was chosen to be Engineer Day, president Mohamed Anwar El-Sadat named a tunnel that links Sinai to the rest of the Egyptian land after him. Hamdi was an international sport shooter for Egypt, he competed in three events at the 1952 Summer Olympics

Buhl Farm Golf Course

Buhl Farm Golf Course known as Buhland Golf Course, located in Sharon, Pennsylvania, is one of two free public golf coursesNote-1 in the United States. The 9-hole course is open from mid-April to November between 8 a.m. to sundown. The course is known for high rough and little room between each hole, it is known for its easy layout including straight and wide fairways. The course is known for its one artificial turf tee box, eight other natural tee boxes; the course includes a driving range and a First Tee center. It is run by generous donations from the public; the free course is called "Dum Dum" by the locals. It has a children's golf program in the summer. Buhl Mansion ^Note-1: Mesa View Public Golf Course in Bagdad, Arizona is free. Holes 9, Type: Public, Style: Executive, Par: 30, Length: 1671 yards, Slope: 89, Rating: 29.5 Buhl Farm Golf Course

The Midnight After

The Midnight After is a 2014 Hong Kong satirical horror comedy film directed by Fruit Chan and starring Wong You-nam, Janice Man, Simon Yam, Kara Hui, Lam Suet, Chui Tien-you, Cheuk Wan-chi, Lee Sheung-ching, Sam Lee and Jan Curious. The film is based on the web-novel, Lost on a Red Mini Bus to Taipo by the 25-year-old Hong Kong writer nicknamed "Mr. Pizza" from the Internet forum HKGolden, it was first serialized online from February to July 2012 and published in book form in July 2012. The film had its world premiere at the Panorama section of the 64th Berlin International Film Festival on 7 February 2014. Seventeen people board a Hong Kong minibus going from Mong Kok to Tai Po: driver Suet; as the minibus enters a tunnel, Fat notices the traffic disappear, several other passengers remark upon how quiet the streets have become. The university students leave on the first stop, one becomes ill. By the second stop, the passengers come to believe, they propose various explanations, though Mook insists destiny has brought them together to experience a paranormal event.

Before leaving, the passengers exchange phone numbers. Yau and Yuki leave together, as Yuki talks about missing her boyfriend, Yau sees a man in a gas mask, though he keeps this from Yuki. After she leaves, Yau encounters the university students, they beg him for help. Yau swerves to avoid them on his bicycle as he speeds past, the last remaining student curses him as he dies. Yau finds nobody there; each of the passengers receives a phone call comprising mechanical screeches. They meet at a diner to discuss it, he decodes English phrases that Auyeung recognizes as lyrics from David Bowie's song "Space Oddity". No one understands its significance. After each describes their background, Auyeung bursts into flames from the Explosion by his Electronics and dies. Spooked, Yau describes the man in a gas mask, though Yuki claims not to have been with him at the time. Yau spots another man in a gas mask, he, Fat chase after the man. Before catching him, they discover Lavina's body, surmising that she was raped before dying of a possibly-contagious illness.

The man, revealed to be Japanese, claims through a mobile translation app to be there to save them and a former classmate of Yau's. Yau denies knowing him; as the Japanese man escapes, he says something about "fuku", which they speculate could be a reference to the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster. Before returning with the others, Yau receives a phone call from his girlfriend, Yi, in which she claims he has disappeared for six years; the call ends abruptly as she makes oblique references to Tai Mo Shan. Bobby dies shortly after Yau's return. Fat sends Suet to refuel his bus upon learning of Yi's phone call. On the way, Suet is forced to kill a zombified Blind Fai with a cleaver. On Suet's return, Glu-Stick accuses Airplane of raping Lavina, an attractive thief in disguise. Glu-Stick says Lavina died mysteriously during her rape, undeterred by her death, Airplane continued assaulting her. Disgusted, the others discuss banishing Airplane, though Pat demands Airplane be killed for spreading Lavina's infection and causing Bobby's death.

Yau reluctantly agrees, each ritually stabs Airplane to death, including Glu-Stick. While Shun disposes of Airplane's body, Airplane revives. Shun offers to help Airplane get revenge on his killers. Airplane agrees, only to be killed again by Shun; as they board the minibus to go to Tai Mo Shan, the group sees more gas-masked people accompanied by armour. Two of the armour ram the minibus. After becoming annoyed with Glu-Stick, they banish him before allowing him back in, along with Fai, inexplicably still alive; as they drive toward Tai Mo Shan, a red rain falls on the minibus, several passengers experience regret at leaving the city. Wong You-nam as Yau Tsi-chi Janice Man as Yuki Simon Yam as Fat Kara Hui as Mook Sau-ying Lam Suet as Suet, the driver Chui Tien-you as Shun Cheuk Wan-chi as Pat Lee Sheung-ching as Bobby Sam Lee as Blind Fai Jan Curious as Auyeung Wai Melodee Mak as Lavina Ronnie Yuen as Airplane Kelvin Chan as Glu-Stick Russell Zhou as Tsing, university student Zhang Chi as Peter, university student Sunday Yuen as Dawg, university student Wayne Si as Hung, university student Cherry Ngan as Yi, Yau Tsi-chi's girlfriend Endy Chow as Birthmark Japanese Chan said he wanted to explain various problems in Hong Kong through metaphors.

The film does not include the entirety of the source novel, Chan said a sequel is a possibility. The Midnight After premiered at the Berlin Film Festival on 7 February 2014, the film received a theatrical release in Hong Kong on 10 April. Film Business Asia gave the film a seven out of ten rating, referring to it as "an intensely local but exhilarating comedy-horror that shows Chan firing on all pistons with his indie energy of old." The review

Clariden Leu

Clariden Leu was a Swiss private bank based in Zurich and Geneva Switzerland founded in 2007 by Clariden president Alex Hoffmann and Credit Suisse Group. Until 2007 it was operating as Clariden Bank an independent Private Bank belonging both to Credit Suisse Group and management at the bank, it was fully merged with Credit Suisse Group in 2007 when Hoffmann retired after running the bank for 40 years as subsequently co-founder, CEO and President. In 1974 Hoffmann married Theresa Braitenberg first wife and mother of J. P. Buri's two sons, Phillippe Buri who died of cancer in 1993, Patrick Buri born in 1972, an investor, political science advisor, investment manager and board member on several subsidiaries and companies, former partner at Lion trust asset management and billionaire Chairman at Bankset Group Holding and philanthropist and graduate from Columbia University New York. Robert L. Genillard was co founder at Clariden Bank representing Credit Suisse Group; that compares with Credit Suisse’s targets for its private banking business as a whole to add at least 6 percent of assets under management in net new money annually.

Clariden Leu posted pretax earnings of 260 million francs in 2006 on revenue of 1.07 billion francs. On November 15, 2011, Credit Suisse Group AG announced its intent to integrate its subsidiary Clariden Leu into Credit Suisse. Credit Suisse merged with Clariden Leu on April 2, 2012, acquiring all of Clariden Leu's assets and liabilities and assuming all of its rights and obligations; until that time, any reference to Clariden Leu will be considered to be a reference to Credit Suisse. The merger will make Clariden Leu Holding AG part of Credit Suisse Group AG