Enterobacteria phage 186

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Enterobacteria phage 186
Virus classification
Group: Group I (dsDNA)
Order: Caudovirales
Family: Myoviridae
Subfamily: Peduovirinae
Genus: P2likevirus
Species: Enterobacteria phage 186

Enterobacteria phage 186 is a virus of the family Myoviridae, genus P2likevirus.[1][2]

As a member of the group I of the Baltimore classification, Enterobacteria phage 186 is a dsDNA virus. According to its family, Myoviridae, its morphology is nonenveloped and consist of a head and a tail separated by a neck and its genome is linear. The propagation of the virions includes the attaching to a host cell (a bacterium, as Enterobacteria phage 186 is a bacteriophage) and the injection of the double stranded DNA; the host transcribes and translates it to manufacture new particles. To replicate its genetic content requires host cell DNA polymerases and, hence, the process is highly dependent on the cell cycle.[3]

Use as a model system[edit]

Bacteriophage 186 has been studied as a model system for biological switches.[4] The phage can enter two developmental lifecycles called the lytic cycle and lysogeny and knowledge into how the decision between the two developmental routes may extend to other biological systems.

Bacteriophage 186 is often compared to the more extensively studied lambda phage as both their prophages respond to DNA damage in the host, more commonly known as the SOS response, even though the two bacteriophages are evolutionarily distinct.

References[edit]

  1. ^ International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV) (2011). "Master Species List of 2011, version 2". Retrieved 15 October 2012.
  2. ^ Adams, MJ; Carstens, EB (2012). "Ratification vote on taxonomic proposals to the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (2012)". Archives of Virology. 157 (7): 1411–22. doi:10.1007/s00705-012-1299-6. PMID 22481600.
  3. ^ Baltimore, D (1971). "Expression of animal virus genomes". Bacteriological Reviews. 35 (3): 235–41. PMC 378387. PMID 4329869.
  4. ^ Dodd, I; Egan, B (2002). "Action at a distance in CI repressor regulation of the bacteriophage 186 genetic switch". Molecular Microbiology. 45 (3): 697–710. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2958.2002.03038.x. PMC 2941640.