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Enterprise Objects Framework

The Enterprise Objects Framework, or more simply EOF, was introduced by NeXT in 1994 as a pioneering object-relational mapping product for its NeXTSTEP and OpenStep development platforms. EOF abstracts the process of interacting with a relational database by mapping database rows to Java or Objective-C objects; this relieves developers from writing low-level SQL code. EOF enjoyed some niche success in the mid-1990s among financial institutions who were attracted to the rapid application development advantages of NeXT's object-oriented platform. Since Apple Inc's merger with NeXT in 1996, EOF has evolved into a integrated part of WebObjects, an application server originally from NeXT. Many of the core concepts of EOF re-emerged as part of Core Data, which further abstracts the underlying data formats to allow it to be based on non-SQL stores. In the early 1990s NeXT Computer recognized that connecting to databases was essential to most businesses and yet potentially complex; every data source has a different data-access language, driving up the costs to learn and use each vendor's product.

The NeXT engineers wanted to apply the advantages of object-oriented programming, by getting objects to "talk" to relational databases. As the two technologies are different, the solution was to create an abstraction layer, insulating developers from writing the low-level procedural code specific to each data source; the first attempt came in 1992 with the release of Database Kit, which wrapped an object-oriented framework around any database. NEXTSTEP at the time was not powerful enough and DBKit had serious design flaws. NeXT's second attempt came in 1994 with the Enterprise Objects Framework version 1, a complete rewrite, far more modular and OpenStep compatible. EOF 1.0 was the first product released by NeXT using the Foundation Kit and introduced autoreleased objects to the developer community. The development team at the time was only four people: Jack Greenfield, Rich Williamson, Linus Upson and Dan Willhite. EOF 2.0, released in late 1995, further refined the architecture, introducing the editing context.

At that point, the development team consisted of Dan Willhite, Craig Federighi, Eric Noyau and Charly Kleissner. EOF achieved a modest level of popularity in the financial programming community in the mid-1990s, but it would come into its own with the emergence of the World Wide Web and the concept of web applications, it was clear that EOF could help companies plug their legacy databases into the Web without any rewriting of that data. With the addition of frameworks to do state management, load balancing and dynamic HTML generation, NeXT was able to launch the first object-oriented Web application server, WebObjects, in 1996, with EOF at its core. In 2000, Apple Inc. dropped EOF as a standalone product, meaning that developers would be unable to use it to create desktop applications for the forthcoming Mac OS X. It would, continue to be an integral part of a major new release of WebObjects. WebObjects 5, released in 2001, was significant for the fact that its frameworks had been ported from their native Objective-C programming language to the Java language.

Critics of this change argue that most of the power of EOF was a side effect of its Objective-C roots, that EOF lost the beauty or simplicity it once had. Third-party tools, such as EOGenerator, help fill the deficiencies introduced by Java; the Objective-C code base was re-introduced with some modifications to desktop application developers as Core Data, part of Apple's Cocoa API, with the release of Mac OS X Tiger in April 2005. Enterprise Objects provides frameworks for object-relational mapping; the technology specializes in providing mechanisms to retrieve data from various data sources, such as relational databases via JDBC and JNDI directories, mechanisms to commit data back to those data sources. These mechanisms are designed in a layered, abstract approach that allows developers to think about data retrieval and commitment at a higher level than a specific data source or data source vendor. Central to this mapping is a model file that you build with a visual tool — either EOModeler, or the EOModeler plug-in to Xcode.

The mapping works as follows: Database tables are mapped to classes. Database columns are mapped to class attributes. Database rows are mapped to objects. You can build data models based on existing data sources or you can build data models from scratch, which you use to create data structures in a data source; the result is. The advantage of using data models is that applications are isolated from the idiosyncrasies of the data sources they access; this separation of an application's business logic from database logic allows developers to change the database an application accesses without needing to change the application. EOF provides a level of database transparency not seen in other tools and allows the same model to be used to access different vendor databases and allows relationships across different vendor databases without changing source code, its power comes from exposing the underlying data sources as managed graphs of persistent objects. In simple terms, this means that it organizes the application's model layer into a set of defined in-memory data objects.

It tracks changes to these objects and can reverse those changes on demand, such as when a user performs an undo command. When it is time to save changes to the application's data, it archives the objects to the underlying data sources. In designing Enterprise Objects developers can leverage the object-oriented fe

Carl Beeston

Carl Frederick Beeston is an English former footballer who played in the Football League as a midfielder for Stoke City, Hereford United and Southend United. He was capped once for England under-21s in 1988, he played non-league football for Hednesford Town and Stafford Rangers. Beeston was born in Stoke-on-Trent and progressed through the youth ranks at Stoke City making his first team debut against Coventry City on the final day of 1984–85 season with Stoke relegated, he played six matches in 1985–86 scoring his first senior goal in the Full Members Cup against Coventry. He was missing from the entire 1986–87 season due to contracting glandular fever, he returned to the side and became a vital member of Mick Mills' first team displaying good form as a'box to box' midfielder with an eye for a spectacular goal which earned him a call up to the England U21 side. Stoke had an awful 1989–90 season which ended with relegation to the third tier, followed by their lowest league finish of 14th in 1990–91.

New manager Lou Macari came in and set about turning around Stoke's fortunes and Beeston played a vital part. He played 57 matches in 1991–92 as Stoke reached the Football League play-offs, losing to Stockport County, although they did beat County in the final of the Football League Trophy. Beeston played 32 times in 1992–93 as Stoke won the Division Two title but over the summer he had to have his ankle rebuilt by surgeons and he had to miss the entire 1993–94 season. After his return from injury he was never able to reproduce his form in centre midfield and so was used on the right wing and helped Stoke reach the play-offs in 1995–96, losing out to Leicester City, he played 18 times in 1996–97 in what was his final season at the Victoria Ground and left for Southend United after spending time out on loan at Hereford United. He brought his career to an end with non-league Hednesford Stafford Rangers. Source: Stoke CityFootball League Division Two champions: 1992–93 Football League Trophy winners: 1992

Michael Schmidt-Salomon

Michael Schmidt-Salomon is a German author and public relations manager. As chairman of the Giordano Bruno Foundation, a humanist organization, critical of religion, he has been identified as Germany's "Chief Atheist." His books include the Manifesto of Evolutionary Humanism: A Plea for a Contemporary Culture, Die Kirche im Kopf. His children's book Wo bitte geht's zu Gott?, fragte das kleine Ferkel caused controversy for its depiction of religion. Schmidt-Salomon studied education sciences at the University of Trier, earning his master's degree in educational theory in 1992, his PhD in 1997. From 1992 to 2001 he worked as lecturer at the University of Trier; the main focuses of his work are science theory, aesthetics, society theory, religious criticism and ideology criticism, as well as practical ethics. He began lecturing at the Institut D'Etudes Educatives et Sociales in Luxembourg in 2002. From 1999 to 2007, Schmidt-Salomon was editor of the journal MIZ He has been CEO of the Giordano Bruno Foundation since 2006.

He co-inspired Mina Ahadi's foundation of the Central Council of Ex-Muslims in 2007, co-organised the Kritische Islamkonferenz in 2008 and 2013. Schmidt-Salomon lives in Vordereifel, has a non-traditional family consisting of two biological children, three adopted children, three other adults, he has debated Christian philosopher and apologist William Lane Craig on the existence of God. Schmidt-Salomon's book Wo bitte geht's zu Gott?, fragte das kleine Ferkel, illustrated by Helge Nyncke, was published in the autumn of 2007. The book has been described as "Richard Dawkins's The God Delusion for children," due to its criticism of religion. In December 2007, the Federal Ministry for Family Affairs raised objections to the book, deeming it inappropriate for children and youth due to its depiction of religion, charging that the book had "anti-Semitic tendencies"; the Ministry announced in January 2007. The Central Council of Jews in Germany supported such a ban. One criticism of the book was that Jews were illustrated in a more negative light than Christians or Muslims.

The illustrations were compared to "anti-Semitic caricatures from the Nazi era."The Roman Catholic Diocese of Rottenburg-Stuttgart filed suit, claiming that the author and illustrator of the book incited hatred—a claim that the book's publisher, Gunnar Schedel of Alibri Publishing Company, dismissed as "slanderous." At the request of Germany's Education Ministry, the Federal Department for Media Harmful to Young Persons investigated to see whether the book should be placed on a "list of youth-endangering media." Such a ruling would have banned the distribution of the book to minors in Germany. However, after concluding an investigation that began in October 2007, the department ruled in March 2008 that the book was critical of Judaism and Islam, that it was not anti-Semitic. Peter Riedesser, director of the University Hospital for Child and Youth Psychiatry and Psychotherapy in the University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, deemed the book suitable for children. Riedesser saw the book as emphasizing equality between believers and unbelievers, he did not find it indoctrinating or demeaning of religion.

Michael Schmidt-Salomon: Leibniz war kein Butterkeks. Den großen und kleinen Fragen der Philosophie auf der Spur Pendo Publishing Company, München-Zürich 2011, ISBN 978-3-86612-280-2 Michael Schmidt-Salomon: Jenseits von Gut und Böse. Warum wir ohne Moral die besseren Menschen sind Pendo Publishing Company, München-Zürich 2009, ISBN 3-86612-212-8 Michael Schmidt-Salomon: Susi Neunmalklug erklärt die Evolution: Ein Buch für kleine und große Besserwisser Alibri Publishing Company, Aschaffenburg 2009, ISBN 978-3-86569-053-1 Michael Schmidt-Salomon: Die Geschichte vom frechen Hund: Warum es klug ist, freundlich zu sein Alibri Publishing Company, Aschaffenburg 2008, ISBN 3-86569-041-6 Michael Schmidt-Salomon: Auf dem Weg zur Einheit des Wissens. Die Evolution der Evolutionstheorie und die Gefahren von Biologismus und Kulturismus. Alibri Publishing Company, Aschaffenburg 2007, ISBN 3-86569-200-1 Helge Nyncke und Michael Schmidt-Salomon: Wo bitte geht’s zu Gott? fragte das kleine Ferkel. Ein Buch für alle.

Alibri Publishing Company, Aschaffenburg 2007, ISBN 3-86569-030-0 English translation of the text Carsten Frerk und Michael Schmidt-Salomon: Die Kirche im Kopf. Von "Ach Herrje!" bis "zum Teufel!". Alibri Publishing Company, Aschaffenburg 2007, ISBN 3-86569-024-6 Michael Schmidt-Salomon: Manifest des evolutionären Humanismus. Plädoyer für eine zeitgemäße Leitkultur. 2. Enlarged editions, Alibri Publishing Company, Aschaffenburg 2006, ISBN 978-3-86569-011-1 Hermann Gieselbusch und Michael Schmidt-Salomon: "Aufklärung ist Ärgernis...": Karlheinz Deschner - Leben, Wirkung. Alibri Publishing Company, Aschaffenburg 2005, ISBN 978-3-86569-003-6 Michael Schmidt-Salomon: Stollbergs Inferno. Alibri Publishing Company, Aschaffenburg 2003, ISBN 978-3-932710-49-0 Michael Schmidt-Salomon: Erkenntnis aus Engagement. Alibri Publishing Company, Aschaffenburg 1999, ISBN 978-3-932710-60-5 Michael Schmidt-Salomon: Mythos Marx? Grundrisse des Lebens und Werks des Philosophen, Ökonomen und Politikers Karl Marx. In: Aufklärung und Kritik

1915 Mid Durham by-election

John Wilson, the Liberal MP since 1890 died on the 24 March 1915 at the age of 78. Wilson was sponsored by an organisation that he had helped to found; when the Miners Federation of Great Britain decided in 1909 to request all miners sponsored MPs to take the Labour party whip, Wilson with the support of the Durham miners and continued to take the Liberal whip. The Labour party was unwilling to go against the Durham miners wishes, allowed Wilson to continue to represent Mid Durham; the new Liberal candidate selected was Samuel Galbraith, one of the leading figures in the Durham Miners Association. The Labour party had hoped that following the death of Wilson, they would be able to either get a leading Durham miner to stand, such as Joseph Batey as their candidate or get a socialist to stand. However, once the Durham Miners decided to back the Liberal Galbraith, a Labour candidate did not materialise; the Unionists, who had not contested the seat for some time decided not to contest the election.

The fact that Britain was now at war contributed to the Unionist and Labour parties not contesting the seat. The Mid Durham constituency was replaced by Spennymoor for the 1918 general election. At that election, Galbraith was again returned, defeating Labour's Joseph Batey


Lothstraße is a 1.3 kilometer long street in Munich. It runs through the St. Benno district and forms the boundary between the municipality of Maxvorstadt, which lies southeast of the street, the districts of Neuhausen and Schwabing-West, which are located northwest, it runs from Nymphenburger Straße to Winzererstraße. From Linprunstraße to Thorwaldsenstraße, the Lothstraße forks off and forms a green triangle, a branch leads to Nymphenburger Straße. On Lothstraße is the Zeughaus München, the back of the Deutsches Herzzentrum München, the Munich University of Applied Sciences and its library, the Forschungsinstitut für Wärmeschutz. Since 1975, the Bayerische Blindenhörbücherei e. V. at Lothstraße 62, in the Lothstraße 29, the Deutsche Landwirtschaftsverlag. In Lothstraße is the war memorial of the 2. Bayerischen Infanterie-Regiment, at the intersection with the Dachauer Straße is a measuring station of the Umweltbundesamt; the Campus Lothstraße of the Munich University of Applied Sciences is its largest location and includes all central administrative units, nine faculties and the CAREER Center, the e-learning center, the further education center and the Open University of Upper Bavaria.

Which are located directly in buildings on Lothstraße: Lothstraße 13d: Central Library and Mensa Lothstraße 17: the Zeughaus is being renovated for use by the university Lothstraße 21: the so-called "W-Bau", including workshops and student rooms Lothstraße 34: Supply Engineering, Process Engineering and Media Technology and Applied Sciences and Mechatronics Lothstraße 64: Electrical Engineering and Information Technology, Computer Science and Mathematics and Industrial Engineering 2004, the so-called Roter Würfel was completed in the Lothstraße 64, which has since also become a landmark anchored in corporate design of the University of Applied Sciences. The street was named in 1877 after the Bavarian court painter Johann Ulrich Loth. Towards the end of the 19th century, it formed the southeastern boundary of the Barackenkasernements Oberwiesenfeld. From 1879 to 1904 the Bayerisches Armeemuseum was housed in the Zeughaus in Munich, before it moved into the newly built monumental building in the Hofgarten, the present state chancellery.

Adolf Hitler lived during his affiliation to the infantry in the Lothstraße 29 and stayed there until 1 May 1920. From the Führergeburtstag 1934 until denazification in 1945, the barracks in Lothstraße therefore held the name Adolf-Hitler-Kaserne; the trams lines 20 to 22 and the city bus 153 have a stop at the University of Munich with the name Lothstraße

Hirschlanden transmitter

The Hirschlanden transmitter was a facility of the Deutsche Telekom AG for mediumwave broadcasting south of Ditzingen-Hirschlanden situated at 48°49'47" N and 9°02'15" E. The Hirschlanden transmitter was inaugurated in 1963 as a transmitter for the programming of Armed Forces Network on 1142 kHz with a transmission power of 10 kW, it uses as antenna a 40 metre tall guyed mast of lattice steel, groundfed and therefore insulated against ground. This mast, which has a rectangular cross section, was built in 1936, but used until 1963 at another site. In 2001 the Hirschlanden transmitter was modified for simultaneous broadcasting on two mediumwave frequencies, for 1143 kHz with 10 kW output power for AFN and for 738 kHz with 5 kW output power for private radio companies. Therefore, the tuning house was replaced by a new one with a switch that allows the mast to be used for 738 kHz and 1143 kHz as well; the mast itself received a horizontal crosspiece on its top as roof capacitance, making it more efficient for 738 kHz.

The second mediumwave transmitter was in use for the pop music radio station MEGARADIO from 16 January 2002 until 4 April 2003, when these transmissions ceased because MEGARADIO ran out of money. From that date only the AFN transmitter was in service until 15 August 2005, since when the second transmitter has been put back into use again for truck radio. List of famous transmission sites Mittelwellensender Hirschlanden at Structurae,9.036684&spn=0.001568,0.003659&om=1