Lisle is a village in DuPage County, United States. The population was 21,182 at the 2000 census, in 2016 the population was recorded to be 22,930, it is part of the Illinois Technology and Research Corridor. It is the headquarters of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission Region III. In July 2007, Lisle was ranked #20 in Money magazine's list of "100 Best Places to Live" and #17 on their 2009 list of the "Best Places for the Rich and Single". In 1830, Bailey Hobson a Quaker, was the first settler in what would become DuPage County, Illinois, as well as Lisle Township; the town of Lisle was settled in 1832, by brothers James C. Hatch and Luther A. Hatch after the close of the Black Hawk War; the two brothers acquired land near what is now Ogden Avenue and began a small farming community named "DuPage" or "East DuPage" because, of its proximity to the east branch of the DuPage River. In 1831, DuPage County was founded. To the west of the Lisle settlement, on the west branch of the DuPage river, brothers Joseph and John Naper founded the Naper Settlement, present-day Naperville, Illinois.
Lisle experienced many firsts in the decade of 1830s during the earliest years of settlement in DuPage County. In 1832, James C. Hatch set aside some of his land for the first and only community burial ground in the East DuPage Settlement. Today, Lisle Cemetery is one of the oldest registered cemeteries in the state of Illinois. Hatch operated the first wagon and blacksmith shop and began Lisle's infant dairy industry with a creamery. Formed in 1833, the East DuPage Religious Society had a circuit rider preacher with house churches and was the first Christian organization in DuPage County, which became the First Congregational Church of DuPage in 1842; the first post office was managed by John Thompson in 1834, the first log schoolhouse was constructed in that same year and replaced, in 1837, with a frame structure. In 1849, DuPage County formed its first townships, the name Lisle was first proposed by early settler Alonzo B. Chatfield of Lisle, New York; the village was incorporated on June 26, 1956, was named after Lisle, New York.
Another reason for the DuPage township name change was that there was another town in Will County with the name DuPage. Another story of the origin of the Lisle name was that the town was named after the late S. Lisle Smith of Chicago. In 1864 the Chicago and Quincy Railroad arrived along with a newly constructed depot. In 1874, a fire destroyed the Lisle Station depot, but it was rebuilt by the CB&Q Railroad. Today, commuter rail service is provided by Metra. On July 4, 2006, Lisle celebrated its 50th birthday by hosting the state's biggest fireworks display. Lisle is located at 41°47′33″N 88°05′18″W. According to the 2010 census, Lisle has a total area of 7.021 square miles, of which 6.84 square miles is land and 0.181 square miles is water. Most of Lisle lies within the watershed of the east branch of the DuPage river; as of the census of 2010, there were 22,390 people, 9,304 households, 5,444 families residing in the village. The population density was 3,515 people per square mile; the racial makeup of the village was 77.7% White, 5.6% African American, 0.1% Native American, 11.9% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 2.5% from other races, 2.1% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.5% of the population. There were 9,304 households out of which 26.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.9% were married couples living together, 8.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 41.5% were non-families. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 3.05. In the village, the population was spread out with 7.1% from ages 15 to 19, 46.6% from 20 to 39, 35.4% from 40 to 64, 10.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37.2 years. For every 100 females, there were 97 males. According to the U. S. Census Bureau's 2010 estimate, the median household income in the village was $72,440, the median income for a family was $109,576; the mean household income was $101,560 and the mean family income was $132,948. The per capita income for the village was $42,096. About 3.9% of families and 7.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.6% of those under age 18 and 5.3% of those age 65 or over.
CA Technologies, Armour-Eckrich, Navistar are among the largest companies based in Lisle. Navistar relocated its headquarters to Lisle, occupying the large corporate buildings owned by Lucent Technologies; the corporate footprint of Lisle continues to expand as large companies seek an accessible visible alternative to Chicago. The North American corporate headquarters of the market research firm Millward Brown, a subsidiary of WPP plc, is located in Lisle. According to the Village's 2018 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top ten employers in the city are: Lisle Library District contains a collection of materials, resources and digital content; the library hosts local art exhibits. It is home to the Jurica-Suchy Nature Museum. Location of the Lisle Park District's outdoor museum village, Lisle Station Park. Four Lakes Ski Hill is a facility for snowboarders in the area. Created by the Chicago Bulls and White Sox, the Bulls/Sox Training Academy runs year-round training programs in baseball, fastpitch softball, basketball for youths.
Lisle's school district is Lisle Community Unit School District 202. The majority of high school students liv
Itasca is a village in DuPage County, United States. It is located 27 miles northwest of downtown Chicago, it is close to O'Hare International Airport, major expressways, rail transportation. The population was 8,649 at the 2010 census. In 2009, BusinessWeek rated Itasca as the'Best Affordable Suburb' in the state of Illinois. Itasca was first settled by Elijah Smith in 1841. Smith practiced medicine in Boston. In May 1841, at the advice of his colleagues he set out to find a suitable site for doctoring and raising a family, he headed toward DuPage County. His parchment government land title dated March 10, 1843, was signed by John Tyler, President of the United States; the document gave Smith title to the land, now bounded by the railroad tracks on the south, Maple Street on the west, Cherry Street on the east, Division Street on the north. The post office was established in 1846 and took on various names, such as Bremen and Sagon; the name Itasca comes from Lake Itasca. In the 1860s the first school was built.
It was a small wooden structure with one room. The building was located on a site near the present First Presbyterian Church. In 1873 Smith plotted eighty acres of his land into lots; the Chicago and Pacific Railroad was completed from Chicago to Elgin, with stations at Bensenville, Wood Dale and Itasca. Smith gave the right-of-way to encourage location of the tracks through the settlement, he donated $400 to help build a station. The Chicago and Pacific Railroad became "insolvent," as bankruptcy was termed. In 1880 the road went into the hands of the Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul and Pacific Railroad, a newly formed corporation combining several rail networks; the citizens of Itasca decided in 1890 to incorporate into a village. At a meeting at his mill, A. G. Chessman was elected the first Village President. Irving Park Road was first called the Elgin Road. At an 1891 Village Board meeting, the name was changed to Elgin Avenue; the 1900s The Village of Itasca created a Historical Commission in 1985 to retain the aesthetic beauty and historical integrity of the Village.
The Village of Itasca is committed to the preservation of its pre-1900 and early 1900 homes, buildings and places. In 1987, the Village adopted the Historic Preservation Ordinance which provides a mechanism to identify and preserve the special distinctive historic, architectural and/or landscaping characteristics of the Village's cultural, economic and architectural history; the Itasca Historical District includes the following area: Bounded on the north by North Street, on the south by Bloomingdale Road, east to Irving Park, Irving Park east to Rush Street. The Spire, Itasca's most familiar landmark, graces the top of what was the Lutheran Church of St. Luke; this edifice was erected in 1907 by builder Fred Westendorf. Pastor Frederick Zersen served the congregation for thirty-eight years. Church services were in German, it was not until 1926. German was taught in the church school; until 1916, there was no bank in Itasca. Herman H. Franzen took deposits for Village residents to the Roselle Bank each morning, making the trip on the 9:00 AM train.
In 1916, two banks opened within weeks of each other. The Itasca State Bank had as its president H. F. Lawrence; the cashier was Elmer H. Franzen; the second bank was called the Dairyman's Bank of Northern Illinois, was opened by F. N. Peck. Peck opened a total of four banks; the Franzen banks in Itasca and Fox Lake were sound throughout the hard times of the 1920s, emerged from the Depression. Telephone service had come to Itasca in 1899. Electricity was first installed in some homes in 1923; the bustling community soon gained another facility. The Itasca Country Club was opened in the spring of 1925; the rural village of the 1800s and early 1900s retained its atmosphere until the 1940s. A new word began to enter the American vocabulary: suburb; the influence of the city increased. Commuting daily to the Loop became the routine for many of the Village wage earners. By 1982, the population had grown to 7,192. Annexations had resulted in fifty miles of Village streets, more parks, two industrial areas to serve.
Providing safety and service as population increased required the establishment of departments of public works, of sewer and water, of building and police. A park district, a Village library, a fire district were formed. High school students from Itasca attended Bensenville's Fenton High School and Glenbard High School, a combined Glen Ellyn-Lombard school. A high school district, District 108, was organized in 1953. Lake Park High School, with students from Itasca, Medinah and Bloomingdale, opened in September 1956. Modern industry was foreign to Itasca until 1961 when Central Manufacturing District bought about 400 acres on the western edge of the village. An industrial park was established, such national companies as Continental Can and FMC soon moved in. In 1970, the Itasca Industrial Park was established to the east of the Village, attracted many more industries. Anvan Corporation built a Holiday Inn on Irving Park east of Route 53; the building was of modular construction, the first such hotel in the nation to be built in this manner.
In 1969, Carson Pirie Scott purchased Nordic Hills Country Club. Two 10-story tower hotel buil
The BNSF Railway Company is the largest freight railroad network in North America. One of eight North American Class I railroads, BNSF has 44,000 employees, 32,500 miles of track in 28 states, more than 8,000 locomotives, it has three transcontinental routes that provide rail connections between the western and eastern United States. BNSF trains traveled over 169 million miles in 2010, more than any other North American railroad; the BNSF and Union Pacific have a duopoly on all transcontinental freight rail lines in the Western U. S. and share trackage rights over thousands of miles of track. The BNSF Railway Company is the principal operating subsidiary of parent company Burlington Northern Santa Fe, LLC. Headquartered in Fort Worth, the railroad's parent company is a wholly owned subsidiary of Berkshire Hathaway, Inc. According to corporate press releases, the BNSF Railway is among the top transporters of intermodal freight in North America, it hauls bulk cargo, including enough coal to generate around ten per cent of the electricity produced in the United States.
The creation of BNSF started with the formation of a holding company on September 22, 1995. This new holding company purchased the Atchison and Santa Fe Railway and Burlington Northern Railroad, formally merged the railways into the Burlington Northern and Santa Fe Railway on December 31, 1996. On January 24, 2005, the railroad's name was changed to BNSF Railway Company using the initials of its original name. On November 3, 2009, Warren Buffett's Berkshire Hathaway announced it would acquire the remaining 77.4 percent of BNSF it did not own for $100 per share in cash and stock — a deal valued at $44 billion. The company is acquiring $10 billion in debt. On February 12, 2010, shareholders of Burlington Northern Santa Fe Corporation voted in favor of the acquisition. BNSF's history dates back to 1849, when the Aurora Branch Railroad in Illinois and the Pacific Railroad of Missouri were formed; the Aurora Branch grew into the Chicago and Quincy Railroad, a major component of successor Burlington Northern.
A portion of the Pacific Railroad became the St. Louis-San Francisco Railway; the Atchison and Santa Fe Railway was chartered in 1859. It built one of the first transcontinental railroads in North America, linking Chicago and Southern California; the Interstate Commerce Commission denied a proposed merger with the Southern Pacific Transportation Company in the 1980s. The Burlington Northern Railroad was created in 1970 through the consolidation of the Chicago and Quincy Railroad, the Great Northern Railway, the Northern Pacific Railway and the Spokane and Seattle Railway, it absorbed the St. Louis-San Francisco Railway in 1980, its main lines included Chicago-Seattle with branches to Texas and Montgomery and access to the low-sulfur coal of Wyoming's Powder River Basin. On June 30, 1994, BN and ATSF announced plans to merge. S. Class I railroads; the long-rumored announcement was delayed by a disagreement over the disposition of Santa Fe Pacific Gold Corporation, a gold mining subsidiary that ATSF agreed to sell to stockholders.
This announcement began the next wave of mergers, as the "Super Seven" were merged down to four in the next five years. The Illinois Central Railroad and Kansas City Southern Railway, two of the five "small" Class Is, announced on July 19 that the former would buy the latter, but this plan was called off on October 25; the Union Pacific Railroad, another major Western system, started a bidding war with BN for control of the SF on October 5. The UP gave up on January 1995, paving the way for the BN-ATSF merger. Subsequently, the UP acquired the Southern Pacific Transportation Company in 1996, Eastern systems CSX Transportation and Norfolk Southern Railway split Conrail in 1999. On February 7, 1995, BN and ATSF heads Gerald Grinstein and Robert D. Krebs both announced shareholders had approved the plan, which would save overhead costs and combine BN's coal and ATSF's intermodal strengths. Although the two systems complemented each other with little overlap, in contrast to the Santa Fe-Southern Pacific merger, which failed because it would have eliminated competition in many areas of the Southwest, BN and ATSF came to agreements with most other Class Is to keep them from opposing the merger.
UP was satisfied with a single segment of trackage rights from Abilene, Kansas to Superior, which BN and ATSF had both served. KCS gained haulage rights to several Midwest locations, including Omaha, East St. Louis, Memphis, in exchange for BNSF getting similar access to New Orleans. SP requesting far-reaching trackage rights throughout the West, soon agreed on a reduced plan, whereby SP acquired trackage rights on ATSF for intermodal and automotive traffic to Chicago, other trackage rights on ATSF in Kansas, south to Texas, between Colorado and Texas. In exchange, SP assigned BNSF trackage rights over the former Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad between El Paso and Topeka and haulage rights to the Mexican border at Eagle Pass, Texas. Regional Toledo and Western Railway obtained trackage rights over BN from Peoria to Galesburg, Illinois, a BN hub where it could interchange with SP; the Interstate Commerce Commission approved the BNSF merger on July 20, 1995, less than a month before UP announced on August
DuPage County, Illinois
DuPage County is a county in the U. S. state of Illinois, one of the collar counties of the Chicago metropolitan area. As of the 2010 census, the population was 916,924, its county seat is Wheaton. DuPage County has become developed and suburbanized, although some pockets of farmland remain in the county's western and northern parts; the county has a high socioeconomic profile and residents of Hinsdale and Oak Brook include some of the wealthiest people in the Midwest. On the whole, the county enjoys above average median household income levels and low overall poverty levels when compared to the national average. In 2018 Niche ranked two DuPage municipalities amongst the top 20 best places to live in America. DuPage County was formed on February 1839 out of Cook County; the county took its name from the DuPage River, which was, in turn, named after a French fur trapper, DuPage. The first written history to address the name, the 1882 History of DuPage County, Illinois, by Rufus Blanchard, relates: The DuPage River had, from time immemorial, been a stream well known.
It took its name from a French trader who settled on this stream below the fork previous to 1800. Hon. H. W. Blodgett, of Waukegan, informs the writer that J. B. Beaubien had spoken to him of the old Frenchman, Du Page, whose station was on the bank of the river, down toward its mouth, stated that the river took its name from him; the county name must have the same origin. Col Gurden S. Hubbard, who came into the country in 1818, informs the writer that the name DuPage, as applied to the river was universally known, but the trader for whom it was named lived there before his time. Mr. Beaubien says; this was in reply to Mr. Blodgett’s inquiry of him concerning the matter; the first white settler in DuPage County was Bailey Hobson, with Lewis Stewart, built a house in 1831 for the Hobson family at a site about 2 miles south of present-day downtown Naperville. Hobson built a mill to serve surrounding farmers. Today, the Hobson house still stands on Hobson Road in Naperville, the location of the mill is commemorated with a millstone and monument in today’s Pioneer Park.
According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 336 square miles, of which 327 square miles is land and 8.9 square miles is water. The DuPage River and the Salt Creek flow through DuPage County. According to the Forest Preserve District of DuPage County, the highest point in the county is located at the Mallard Lake Landfill, which at its highest point is 982 feet above mean sea level. In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Wheaton have ranged from a low of 14 °F in January to a high of 87 °F in July, although a record low of −26 °F was recorded in January 1985 and a record high of 105 °F was recorded in July 1995. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.56 inches in February to 4.60 inches in August. Counties that are adjacent to DuPage include: Cook County Will County Kendall County Kane County I-55 I-88 I-290 I-294 I-355 US 20 US 34 IL 19 IL 38 IL 53 IL 56 IL 59 IL 64 IL 83 IL 390 DuPage County's population's distribution by race and ethnicity in the 2010 census was as follows: DuPage County has become more diverse.
The population of foreign-born residents increased from about 71,300 in 1990 to 171,000 by 2009 estimates. There were 325,601 households, out of which 37.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.90% were married couples living together, 7.90% had a female householder with no husband present and 28.00% were non-families. 22.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.80% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.27. In the county, the population was spread out with 26.70% under the age of 18, 8.20% from 18 to 24, 32.40% from 25 to 44, 22.80% from 45 to 64 and 9.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.20 males. For every 100 females, age 18 and over, there were 94.20 males. The median income for a household in the county was $98,441 and the median income for a family was $113,086. Males had a median income of $60,909 versus $41,346 for females.
The mean or average income for a family in DuPage County is $121,009, according to the 2005 census. The per capita income for the county was $38,458. About 2.40% of families and 3.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.90% of those under age 18 and 4.30% of those age 65 or over. DuPage County has several hundred Christian churches. Well-known churches include Community Christian Church of Naperville, College Church of Wheaton, Wheaton Bible Church, First Baptist Church of Wheaton. There is a large Catholic contingency, part of the Diocese of Joliet, a Ukrainian Orthodox Church in Glendale Heights; the Theosophical Society in America in Wheaton, the North American headquarters of the Theosophical Society Adyar, provides lectures and classes on theosophy, yoga and New Age spirituality. Islamic mosques are located in Villa Park, Glendale Heights, Westmont, Bolingbrook, Woodale, West Chicago, unincorporated Glen Ellyn. There are Hindu temples in Bartlett, Bloomingdale, Carol Stream and Medinah, an Arya Samaj center in West Chicago.
There is a Nichiren Shōshū Zen Buddhist temple in West Chicago and a Theravada Buddhist Temple, called the Budd
Schaumburg is a village in Cook County and DuPage County in northeastern Illinois, United States. It is part of the Golden Corridor. Schaumburg is 28 miles northwest of the Chicago Loop and 10 miles northwest of O'Hare International Airport; as of the 2010 census, the village had a total population of 74,227. In 2018, the Village of Schaumburg was ranked the Best Place to Live in Illinois by MONEY Magazine. In 2017, Money ranked Schaumburg the 9th best place to live in the United States. Schaumburg has one of Illinois's two IKEA stores, it contains the Woodfield Mall, the 11th largest mall in the United States, which at most times has over 300 stores. Schaumburg's transition from a rural community to a suburban city began with Alfred Campanelli's first large-scale suburban-style development in 1959 and Woodfield Mall's opening on September 9, 1971. Schaumburg is bordered by Hoffman Estates and Palatine to the north, Rolling Meadows to the northeast, Elk Grove Village to the southeast, Roselle to the south, Hanover Park to the southwest, Streamwood to the west.
The village of Schaumburg was incorporated on March 7, 1956, but the heritage of Schaumburg dates back to much earlier times when the first inhabitants of the area were members of the Sauk, Fox and Kickapoo Native American tribes. By the mid-19th century, settlers first began to arrive from the eastern United States. Many of the Germans came from a small princely state now in Lower Saxony. Legend has it that one of the earliest settlers was Trumball Kent from New York. Kent, a "Yankee", as settlers from New England were called in the west, farmed property in the northeast corner of the township. Another Yankee was Horace Williams, who owned substantial lands but lived in the hamlet of Palatine in Palatine Township. Ernst Schween settled in 1835 not far from what used to be called Olde Schaumburg Centre, in what was and is now known as Sarah's Grove. Another early settler in Schaumburg Township was German-born Johann Sunderlage. According to one legend, Sunderlage was a member of a survey team that divided Cook County into townships around 1833.
He liked the area so much that, upon completion of the project, he returned to Europe and brought his family and friends from Germany and settled in the area now known as Hoffman Estates in Schaumburg Township around 1836. His home still stands in its original location. Sunderlage and his family occupied their land in the township until the federal land sale of 1842 allowed them to buy the property and obtain the deed. Sunderlage and Kent represented the predominant groups that settled Schaumburg Township in its early days. In 1840, 56 percent of the township households originated from the eastern United States, while 28 percent were German-born. By the 1850s, the population mix had changed to 48 percent German. By 1870, Schaumburg Township had become German. Land records show that most of the property in the township was owned by German immigrants or their descendants; this pattern emerged as many Yankee "settlers" continued to travel west for the promise of newly opened lands on the Great Plains.
The land they owned in Schaumburg was purchased by German-born immigrants. Schaumburg Township remained exclusively under German ownership until the Great Depression of the 1930s; the Depression caused the foreclosure on some German-owned farms which were purchased by non-German individuals and companies. Nonetheless, German heritage remained important in the area. German was the first language of the majority of households until the 1950s. St. Peter Lutheran Church, the community's oldest Christian church, had services in German as late as 1970; the church remains as a museum. Services were first held at the then-existing Rohlwing-Fenz store, at the southwest corner of the intersection of Schaumburg Road and Roselle Road, until their first church building was completed in 1847; the pastor was Francis Hoffman, who walked from the Bensenville area to hold the Christian religious meetings in Schaumburg. He served as Lieutenant Governor of Illinois; when he retired from the church's ministry, he moved to Wisconsin where he operated an experimental farm and edited a German-language agricultural newspaper.
Other people of the area who were notable in the 1840s included Quindel, Moeller, Kastning, Meyer, Thies, Hattendorf and Freise. The original 1842 township survey names the grove as Sarah's Grove. Three families lived near a grove of woods on the northwest end of the township, each family had a woman named Sarah. At a township meeting in 1850, citizens debated new names for the town. A wealthy landowner named Friedrich Heinrich Nerge, at one point during the meeting, slammed his fist on the table and yelled in German, "Schaumburg schall et heiten!". At that point, the township became called Schaumburg; the name was taken from Grafschaft Schaumburg in a part of Hessen-Kassel, now Lower Saxony. Most of the township's German settlers were from Schaumburg; some came from Hannover. Schaumburg Township prospered during its early days; the area's main occupation was farming, with potato growing, dairy products and raising cattle as main sources of income. The land was a large meadow surrounded by extensive wilderness.
Wildlife such as g
Chicago the City of Chicago, is the most populous city in Illinois, as well as the third most populous city in the United States. With an estimated population of 2,716,450, it is the most populous city in the Midwest. Chicago is the principal city of the Chicago metropolitan area referred to as Chicagoland, the county seat of Cook County, the second most populous county in the United States; the metropolitan area, at nearly 10 million people, is the third-largest in the United States, the fourth largest in North America and the third largest metropolitan area in the world by land area. Located on the shores of freshwater Lake Michigan, Chicago was incorporated as a city in 1837 near a portage between the Great Lakes and the Mississippi River watershed and grew in the mid-nineteenth century. After the Great Chicago Fire of 1871, which destroyed several square miles and left more than 100,000 homeless, the city made a concerted effort to rebuild; the construction boom accelerated population growth throughout the following decades, by 1900 Chicago was the fifth largest city in the world.
Chicago made noted contributions to urban planning and zoning standards, including new construction styles, the development of the City Beautiful Movement, the steel-framed skyscraper. Chicago is an international hub for finance, commerce, technology, telecommunications, transportation, it is the site of the creation of the first standardized futures contracts at the Chicago Board of Trade, which today is the largest and most diverse derivatives market gobally, generating 20% of all volume in commodities and financial futures. O'Hare International Airport is the one of the busiest airports in the world, the region has the largest number of U. S. highways and greatest amount of railroad freight. In 2012, Chicago was listed as an alpha global city by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network, it ranked seventh in the entire world in the 2017 Global Cities Index; the Chicago area has one of the highest gross domestic products in the world, generating $680 billion in 2017. In addition, the city has one of the world's most diversified and balanced economies, not being dependent on any one industry, with no single industry employing more than 14% of the workforce.
Chicago's 58 million domestic and international visitors in 2018, made it the second most visited city in the nation, behind New York City's approximate 65 million visitors. The city ranked first place in the 2018 Time Out City Life Index, a global quality of life survey of 15,000 people in 32 cities. Landmarks in the city include Millennium Park, Navy Pier, the Magnificent Mile, the Art Institute of Chicago, Museum Campus, the Willis Tower, Grant Park, the Museum of Science and Industry, Lincoln Park Zoo. Chicago's culture includes the visual arts, film, comedy and music jazz, soul, hip-hop and electronic dance music including house music. Of the area's many colleges and universities, the University of Chicago, Northwestern University, the University of Illinois at Chicago are classified as "highest research" doctoral universities. Chicago has professional sports teams in each of the major professional leagues, including two Major League Baseball teams; the name "Chicago" is derived from a French rendering of the indigenous Miami-Illinois word shikaakwa for a wild relative of the onion, known to botanists as Allium tricoccum and known more as ramps.
The first known reference to the site of the current city of Chicago as "Checagou" was by Robert de LaSalle around 1679 in a memoir. Henri Joutel, in his journal of 1688, noted that the eponymous wild "garlic" grew abundantly in the area. According to his diary of late September 1687:...when we arrived at the said place called "Chicagou" which, according to what we were able to learn of it, has taken this name because of the quantity of garlic which grows in the forests in this region. The city has had several nicknames throughout its history such as the Windy City, Chi-Town, Second City, the City of the Big Shoulders, which refers to the city's numerous skyscrapers and high-rises. In the mid-18th century, the area was inhabited by a Native American tribe known as the Potawatomi, who had taken the place of the Miami and Sauk and Fox peoples; the first known non-indigenous permanent settler in Chicago was Jean Baptiste Point du Sable. Du Sable arrived in the 1780s, he is known as the "Founder of Chicago".
In 1795, following the Northwest Indian War, an area, to be part of Chicago was turned over to the United States for a military post by native tribes in accordance with the Treaty of Greenville. In 1803, the United States Army built Fort Dearborn, destroyed in 1812 in the Battle of Fort Dearborn and rebuilt; the Ottawa and Potawatomi tribes had ceded additional land to the United States in the 1816 Treaty of St. Louis; the Potawatomi were forcibly removed from their land after the Treaty of Chicago in 1833. On August 12, 1833, the Town of Chicago was organized with a population of about 200. Within seven years it grew to more than 4,000 people. On June 15, 1835, the first public land sales began with Edmund Dick Taylor as U. S. Receiver of Public Monies; the City of Chicago was incorporated on Saturday, March 4, 1837, for several decades was the world's fastest-growing city. As the site of the Chicago Portage, the city became an important transportation hub between the eastern and western United States.
Chicago's first railway and Chicago Union Railroad, the Illi
Lombard is a village in DuPage County, United States, a suburb of Chicago. The population was 42,322 at the 2000 census; the United States Census Bureau estimated the population in 2004 to be 42,975. The village's challenge to the Census Bureau regarding its official 2010 population was accepted, revising the official population of the village from 43,165 to 43,395. Part of Potawatomi Native American landscape, the Lombard area was first settled by Americans of European descent in the 1830s. Lombard shares its early history with Glen Ellyn. Brothers Ralph and Morgan Babcock settled in a grove of trees along the DuPage River. In what was known as Babcock's Grove, Lombard developed to the east and Glen Ellyn to the west. In 1837, Babcock's Grove was connected to Chicago by a stagecoach line which stopped at Stacy's Tavern at Geneva and St. Charles Roads. Fertile land, the DuPage River, plentiful timber drew farmers to the area. Sheldon and Harriet Peck moved from Onondaga, New York, to this area in 1837 to farm 80 acres of land.
In addition, Peck was an artist and primitive portrait painter who traveled to clients across northeastern Illinois. The Peck house served as the area's first school and has been restored by the Lombard Historical Society. In 2011, the Peck House was inducted into the National Park Service's Network to Freedom—a list of verified Underground Railroad locations; the 1848 arrival of the Galena and Chicago Union Railroad provided local farmers and merchants rail access to Chicago, commercial buildings soon sprang up around the train station. Lombard was incorporated in 1869, named after Chicago banker and real estate developer Josia Lewis Lombard. On April 6, 1891, Ellen A. Martin led a group of women to the voting place at the general store, she demanded. The judges were so surprised that one of them had a "spasm," one leaned against the wall for support, the other fell backwards into a barrel of flour! They did not want to let the women vote, so a county judge was asked to decide, he agreed. Ellen Martin became the first woman in Illinois to vote.
In 1916 Illinois women could vote in national elections, but the 19th Amendment was not passed until 1920. In 2008, the city of Lombard, Illinois declared April 6 to be "Ellen Martin Day" in commemoration of Ms. Martin's historic victory for women's suffrage. William LeRoy built a home in the Italianate style on Lombard's Main Street in 1881. LeRoy specialized in making artificial limbs for civil war veterans and lived in this house until 1900; the house would become the home of Harold Gray's parents and the studio of Harold Gray, the originator of Little Orphan Annie cartoon strip. Harold Gray used the home's study to work on the Annie cartoons, some features of the house are drawn into some of his cartoons, such as the grand staircase and the outer deck, he remarried and moved to the east coast. Harold Gray was a charter member of Lombard Masonic Lodge #1098, A. F. & A. M. in 1923. In 1927, the estate of Colonel William Plum, a local resident, was bequeathed to the village; the Plum property included his home, which became the Helen M. Plum Memorial Library, a large garden containing 200 varieties of lilac bushes.
This garden became Lilacia Park. Since 1930, Lombard has hosted parade in May. "Lilac Time in Lombard," is a 16-day festival ending in mid-May. It starts with her court. Many lilac themed events take place, including a formal ball, concerts and beer tasting in the park, a Mothers' Day Brunch, an arts and crafts fair, tours of the park; the grand finale is Lombard's Lilac Festival Parade. The first Lilac Princess in 1930 was Adeline Fleege, whose married name was Gerzan. Lombard's high schools belong to Glenbard Township High School District 87, they are shared with the neighboring town of Glen Ellyn, thus the creation of the portmanteau word "Glenbard". Lombard's elementary and middle schools belong to Lombard School District 44 or DuPage School District 45. High Schools Glenbard East High School Glenbard South High School Serves the far southwest part of Lombard. Glenbard West High School Serves the far northwest part of Lombard. Willowbrook High School Serves the southeast and far northeast part of Lombard.
Addison Trail High School Serves parts of unincorporated Lombard. Private Schools Montini Catholic High School CPSA, College Preparatory School of America The Village of Lombard is a non-home rule community, it has a council–manager form of government. Each elective office is held for a four-year term. Village President: Keith Giagnorio Village Clerk: Sharon Kuderna Trustee, District 1: Dan Whittington Trustee, District 2: Michael Fugiel Trustee, District 3: Reid Foltyniewicz Trustee, District 4: Bill Johnston Trustee, District 5: Robyn Pike Trustee, District 6: William Ware Lombard is located at 41°52′34″N 88°0′54″W. According to the 2010 census, Lombard has a total area of 10.449 square miles, of which 10.25 square miles is land and 0.199 square miles is water. Per the 2010 United States Census, Lombard had 43,165 people. Among non-Hispanics this includes 32,790 White, 1,925 Black, 4,207 Asian, 24 Native American, 4 Pacific Islander, 58 from some other race, & 670 from two or more races; the Hispanic or Latino population included 3,487 people.
There were 17,405 households out of which 29.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.6% were married couples