The Yardbirds are an English rock band formed in London in 1963 that had a string of hits during the mid-1960s, including For Your Love, Heart Full of Soul and Over Under Sideways Down. The group launched the careers of guitarists Eric Clapton, Jimmy Page, the band reformed in the 1990s, featuring McCarty and new members. The Yardbirds were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1992 and they were included in Rolling Stones list of the 100 Greatest Artists of All Time, and ranked No.37 on VH1s 100 Greatest Artists of Hard Rock. The group formed in the south-west London suburbs in 1963, Relf and Samwell-Smith were originally in a band named the Metropolitan Blues Quartet. After being joined by Dreja, McCarty and Top Topham in late May, the quintet achieved notice on the burgeoning British rhythm and blues scene that month when they took over as the house band at the Crawdaddy Club in Richmond, succeeding the Rolling Stones. Original lead guitarist Topham left and was replaced by Eric Clapton in October 1963, Crawdaddy Club impresario Giorgio Gomelsky became the Yardbirds manager and first record producer.
Under Gomelskys guidance the Yardbirds signed to EMIs Columbia label in February 1964 and their first album was the live, Five Live Yardbirds, recorded at the legendary Marquee Club in London. Blues legend Sonny Boy Williamson II invited the group to tour Britain and Germany with him, a union that engendered another live album. The Clapton line-up cut two singles, I Wish You Would and Good Morning, School Girl, before the band scored its first major hit with the next, For Your Love and it sold over one million copies and went gold. But Clapton was a blues purist whose vision extended far beyond three-minute singles, frustrated by the commercial approach, he abruptly left the group on 25 March 1965, the day that For Your Love was released to the public. Soon Clapton joined John Mayall & the Bluesbreakers, but not before he recommended Jimmy Page, unwilling to give up his lucrative gig and worried about his health, Page in turn recommended his friend Jeff Beck. Beck played his first gig with the Yardbirds only two days after Claptons departure, Beck was voted No.1 lead guitarist of 1966 in the British music magazine Beat Instrumental.
The band embarked on their first U. S. tour in late August 1965, a pair of albums were put together for the U. S. market, For Your Love, and Having a Rave Up, half of which came from Five Live Yardbirds. There were three more U. S. tours during Becks time with the group, a brief European tour took place in April 1966. In June 1966, shortly after the sessions that produced Yardbirds, Samwell-Smith decided to leave the group, Jimmy Page agreed to play bass until rhythm guitarist Dreja could rehearse on it. A Beck–Page lead guitar tandem, however, is heard on the psychedelic rock highlight Happenings Ten Years Time Ago. It was backed in the U. K. with Psycho Daisies, with Beck on lead and Page on bass, stroll On features a twin lead-guitar break by Beck and Page. Their appearance in Blowup came after the Who declined and the In-Crowd were unable to attend the filming, the Velvet Underground were considered for the part but were unable to acquire UK work permits
Judas Priest are a British heavy metal band formed in Birmingham, England, in 1969. The band has sold close to 50 million albums to date, MTV ranked them the second greatest metal band of all time. In 1989, they were named as defendants in a lawsuit alleging that subliminal messages on the song Better By You. The bands membership has seen much turnover, including a revolving cast of drummers in the 1970s, the current line-up consists of Halford, guitarists Glenn Tipton and Richie Faulkner, bassist Ian Hill, and drummer Scott Travis. The bands best-selling album is 1982s Screaming for Vengeance with their most commercially successful line-up, featuring Halford, Hill, guitarist K. K. Downing, and drummer Dave Holland. Their influence, while mainly Halfords operatic vocal style and the guitar sound of Downing. Their image of leather and other articles of clothing were widely influential during the glam metal era of the 1980s. The Guardian referred to British Steel as the record that defines heavy metal, an earlier band with a different line-up had been formed in the West Midlands area in 1969 by Al Atkins, Bruno Stapenhill, John Partridge, and John Perry.
Perry was killed in a car accident, according to Al Atkins. Stapenhill came up with the name Judas Priest from Bob Dylans song The Ballad of Frankie Lee and Judas Priest, the band played their first gig on 25 November 1969 at The George Hotel in Walsall and toured Scotland in December 1969 and January 1970. The group disbanded in April 1970 after their last gig on 20 April at The Youth Centre in Cannock, the line-up that took over the name of Judas Priest included lead guitarist Kenny K. K. Downing, bassist Ian Skull Hill and drummer John Ellis. The band was founded in October 1970 in Birmingham and they agreed to join with Atkins, who suggested using his old bands name, and rehearsed at Atkins mother-in-laws house in Stone Cross. The reformed group played their first gig on 16 March 1971 at St Johns Hall, with Downing as acting leader, the band moved away from their original blues influences to play hard rock. The quartet played around Birmingham and the areas with various drummers until 1974, sometimes opening for bands such as Budgie, Thin Lizzy.
Eventually, financial difficulties and problems with their management, Tony Iommis company, IMA, led to the departure of Allan Atkins, at the time, Ian Hill was dating a Walsall woman who suggested her brother, Rob Halford, as the bands singer. Halford joined them, bringing drummer John Hinch from his previous band and this line-up toured the UK, often supporting Budgie, and even headlining some shows in Norway and Germany. Before the band entered the studio to record their first album, the two guitarists worked together to adapt the existing material and Tipton received credits as a songwriter. In August 1974, the released their debut single Rocka Rolla
ABBA were a Swedish pop group formed in Stockholm by Agnetha Fältskog, Björn Ulvaeus, Benny Andersson, and Anni-Frid Lyngstad. They became one of the most commercially successful acts in the history of popular music, topping the charts worldwide from 1974 to 1982. ABBA won the Eurovision Song Contest 1974 at The Dome in Brighton, UK, giving Sweden its first triumph in the contest, ABBAs record sales figure is uncertain and various estimates range from over 140 to over 500 million sold records. This makes them one of the music artists. They have a joint record eight consecutive number-one albums in the UK, the group enjoyed significant success in Hispanic American markets, and recorded a collection of their hit songs in Spanish. During the bands active years, Fältskog & Ulvaeus and Lyngstad & Andersson were married and these relationship changes were reflected in the groups music, with compositions featuring more introspective and dark lyrics in contrast to their usual pure-pop sound. After ABBA disbanded in December 1982, Andersson and Ulvaeus achieved success writing music for the stage, while Lyngstad and Fältskog pursued solo careers with mixed success.
Several films, notably Muriels Wedding and The Adventures of Priscilla, Queen of the Desert, further revived public interest in the group, in 1999, ABBAs music was adapted into the successful musical Mamma Mia. that toured worldwide. A film of the name, released in 2008, became the highest-grossing film in the United Kingdom that year. ABBA were honoured at the 50th anniversary celebration of the Eurovision Song Contest in 2005, the group was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2010. In 2015, their song Dancing Queen was inducted into the Recording Academys Grammy Hall of Fame, in 2016, the members of ABBA announced an upcoming project in 2017. Benny Andersson became a member of a popular Swedish pop-rock group, the Hep Stars, the Hep Stars were known as the Swedish Beatles. They set up Hep House, their equivalent of Apple Corps, Andersson had a fruitful songwriting collaboration with Lasse Berghagen, with whom he wrote his first Svensktoppen entry, Sagan om lilla Sofie, in 1968.
Björn Ulvaeus began his career at 18, when he fronted The Hootenanny Singers. Ulvaeus started writing English-language songs for his group, and even had a solo career alongside. The Hootenanny Singers and The Hep Stars sometimes crossed paths while touring, in June 1966, Ulvaeus and Andersson decided to write a song together. Their first attempt was Isnt It Easy to Say, a song recorded by The Hep Stars. Stig Anderson was the manager of The Hootenanny Singers and founder of the Polar Music label and he saw potential in the collaboration, and encouraged them to write more
California is the most populous state in the United States and the third most extensive by area. Located on the western coast of the U. S, California is bordered by the other U. S. states of Oregon and Arizona and shares an international border with the Mexican state of Baja California. Los Angeles is Californias most populous city, and the second largest after New York City. The Los Angeles Area and the San Francisco Bay Area are the nations second- and fifth-most populous urban regions, California has the nations most populous county, Los Angeles County, and its largest county by area, San Bernardino County. The Central Valley, an agricultural area, dominates the states center. What is now California was first settled by various Native American tribes before being explored by a number of European expeditions during the 16th and 17th centuries, the Spanish Empire claimed it as part of Alta California in their New Spain colony. The area became a part of Mexico in 1821 following its war for independence.
The western portion of Alta California was organized as the State of California, the California Gold Rush starting in 1848 led to dramatic social and demographic changes, with large-scale emigration from the east and abroad with an accompanying economic boom. If it were a country, California would be the 6th largest economy in the world, fifty-eight percent of the states economy is centered on finance, real estate services and professional, scientific and technical business services. Although it accounts for only 1.5 percent of the states economy, the story of Calafia is recorded in a 1510 work The Adventures of Esplandián, written as a sequel to Amadis de Gaula by Spanish adventure writer Garci Rodríguez de Montalvo. The kingdom of Queen Calafia, according to Montalvo, was said to be a land inhabited by griffins and other strange beasts. This conventional wisdom that California was an island, with maps drawn to reflect this belief, shortened forms of the states name include CA, Cal. Calif. and US-CA.
Settled by successive waves of arrivals during the last 10,000 years, various estimates of the native population range from 100,000 to 300,000. The Indigenous peoples of California included more than 70 distinct groups of Native Americans, ranging from large, settled populations living on the coast to groups in the interior. California groups were diverse in their organization with bands, villages. Trade and military alliances fostered many social and economic relationships among the diverse groups, the first European effort to explore the coast as far north as the Russian River was a Spanish sailing expedition, led by Portuguese captain Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo, in 1542. Some 37 years English explorer Francis Drake explored and claimed a portion of the California coast in 1579. Spanish traders made unintended visits with the Manila galleons on their trips from the Philippines beginning in 1565
Michael Barratt, known as Shakin Stevens, is a platinum-selling British rock and roll singer and songwriter who was the UKs biggest-selling singles artist of the 1980s. His recording and performing career began in the late 1960s, although it was not until 1980 that his success began. The oldest of his siblings were born in the mid 1920s, Jack Barratt died in 1972, aged 75, while May lived until 1984, dying at age 79. He grew up in Ely, and as a teenager in the mid-1960s he formed his first amateur rock and roll band with friends and became its vocalist. Originally named the Olympics, the Cossacks, the band finally renamed as the Denims and performed gigs in the local Cardiff. In the late 1960s Stevens was associated with the Young Communist League, at the time the YCL was associated with several leading music industry figures, including Pete Townshend. Stevens married his wife, Carole, on 7 October 1967, at the time of their marriage, his official occupation was a milkman, and they lived in a flat which formed part of an office block in inner-city Cardiff.
The office block was demolished years later. He is a supporter of his local football team Cardiff City. Having worked as an upholsterer and milkman, Barratt performed on weekends in clubs and pubs, having previously followed them as a fan and as an occasional guest vocalist, Barratt joined the existing Penarth-based the Backbeats – originally formed in 1958 – as lead singer. Spotted by South Wales impresario Paul Legs Barrett - who was not a relative - Paul Barrett proposed repackaging the band as a 1950s-influenced rock n roll outfit under a new name. Michael Barratt agreed to choose a name, and so borrowing from old school friend Steven Vanderwalker. Fronting the newly named Shakin Stevens and the Sunsets, a break for the band presented itself when they were given a support slot for the Rolling Stones in December 1969. The band toured Germany, Belgium and the Netherlands in between UK dates, the Sunsets continue to perform, and still tour annually in the UK, Europe and Australia, fronted in recent years by Shakys nephew, Levi Barratt.
Proby taking over the part for Elviss Las Vegas years, the expectations were overtaken by subsequent events. The media-wise Jack Good made sure that both the process and the early months of the show were widely and regularly covered by the British daily press. His 1984 hit Teardrops, which reached No, Chart successes included his album Shaky reaching number 1 on the UK Albums Chart. Its original planned release was put back by a year to avoid clashing with the success of Band Aids charity single Do They Know Its Christmas
Fiona Apple McAfee-Maggart is an American singer-songwriter and record producer. Classically trained on piano as a child, Apple began composing her own songs when she was 8 years old. Her debut album, written when Apple was 17, was released in 1996 and she followed with When the Pawn. produced by Jon Brion, which was critically and commercially successful and was certified platinum. For her third album, Extraordinary Machine, Apple again collaborated with Brion, Apple was reportedly unhappy with the production and opted not to release the record, leading fans to erroneously protest Epic Records, believing that the label was withholding its release. The album was eventually re-produced without Brion and released in October 2005 to critical acclaim, in 2012, she released her fourth studio album, The Idler Wheel. which received universal critical praise and was followed by an extensive tour of the USA. Born in New York City in 1977, Apple is the daughter of singer Diane McAfee and actor Brandon Maggart and her maternal grandparents were dancer Millicent Green and big band vocalist Johnny McAfee.
Her sister sings cabaret under the stage name Maude Maggart, Apple grew up in Morningside Gardens in Harlem with her mother and sister, but spent summers with her father in Los Angeles. Apple was classically trained on piano as a child, and began composing her own pieces by the age of eight, when learning to play piano, she would often take sheet music and translate guitar tablature into the corresponding notes. Apple began to play along with jazz standard compositions after becoming proficient, through which she discovered Billie Holiday and Ella Fitzgerald, at age 12, Apple was raped outside the apartment she shared with her mother and sister. She developed an eating disorder, purposely slimming her developing body, in 2000, she insisted that she did not write songs about the trauma, It doesnt get into the writing. Its such a fuckin old pain that, you know, theres nothing poetic about it, schenker passed the tape along to Sony Music executive Andy Slater. Apples abilities captured his attention, and Slater signed her to a record deal, in 1996, Apples debut album, was released by Work Records and Columbia Records.
The album sold 2.7 million copies and was certified three times platinum in the U. S. Criminal, the single, became a hit. The songs controversial Mark Romanek-directed music video played on MTV, other singles from Tidal included Shadowboxer, Sleep to Dream, and Never Is a Promise. Apple accepted MTV Video Music Award for Best New Artist for her song Sleep to Dream in 1997 The New Yorker, when I have something to say, Ill say it, she said, responding to these criticisms in an article in Rolling Stone in January 1998. During this period, Apple made recordings of The Beatles Across the Universe and she canceled the last twenty-one dates on a tour in support of her album due to personal family problems. Apples second album, When the Pawn. was released in 1999 and its full title is a poem Apple wrote after reading letters that appeared in Spin regarding an article that had cast her in a negative light in an earlier issue. The titles length earned it a spot in the Guinness Book of Records for 2001
John Michael Ozzy Osbourne is an English singer and actor. He rose to prominence in the early 1970s as the lead vocalist of the metal band Black Sabbath. He was fired from Black Sabbath in 1979 and went on to have a solo career, releasing 11 studio albums. Osbourne has since reunited with Black Sabbath on several occasions, recording the album 13 in 2013 and his longevity and success have earned him the informal title of Godfather of Heavy Metal. Osbournes total album sales from his years in Black Sabbath, combined with his work, is over 100 million. As a member of Black Sabbath, he was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, at the 2014 MTV Europe Music Awards, he received the Global Icon Award. Osbourne appeared with son Jack in the 2016 worldwide travelogue docuseries Ozzy & Jacks World Detour, Osbourne was born in the Aston area of Birmingham, England. His mother, was Catholic but non-religious, and she worked days at a factory and his father, John Thomas Jack Osbourne, worked night shifts as a toolmaker at the General Electric Company.
Osbourne has three sisters named Jean and Gillian, and two younger brothers named Paul and Tony. The family lived in a small two-bedroom home at 14 Lodge Road in Aston, Osbourne has had the nickname Ozzy since primary school. Osbourne dealt with dyslexia at school, drawn to the stage, he took part in school plays such as Gilbert and Sullivans The Mikado and HMS Pinafore. As a Birmingham native, he has a strong Brummie accent, upon hearing their first hit single at age 14, he became a great fan of The Beatles. He credits the bands 1963 song She Loves You for inspiring him to become a musician and he said in the 2011 documentary God Bless Ozzy Osbourne that as soon as heard She Loves You on the radio, knew wanted to be a rock star for the rest of life. Osbourne left school at 15 and was employed as a construction site labourer, trainee plumber, apprentice toolmaker, car factory horn-tuner and he attempted to commit burglary, stealing a television, a handful of baby clothes, and some T-shirts.
He spent six weeks in Winson Green Prison when he was unable to pay a fine after being found guilty of robbing a shop, to teach his son a lesson. In late 1967, Geezer Butler formed his first band, Rare Breed, the band played two shows, broke up. Osbourne and Butler reunited in Polka Tulk Blues, along with guitarist Tony Iommi and drummer Bill Ward and they renamed themselves Earth, but after being accidentally booked for a show instead of a different band with the same name, they decided to change their name again. They finally settled on the name Black Sabbath in August 1969, the band had noticed how people enjoyed being frightened, the band decided to play a heavy blues style of music laced with gloomy sounds and lyrics
RCA Records is an American record label owned by Sony Music Entertainment, a subsidiary of Sony Corporation of America, Inc. It is one of SMEs three flagship labels, alongside Columbia Records and Epic Records. The label has released multiple genres of music, including pop, hip hop, R&B, jazz, the companys name is derived from the initials of the labels former parent company, the Radio Corporation of America. It is the second oldest recording company in US history, after sister label Columbia Records, RCAs Canadian unit is Sonys oldest label in Canada. It was one of only two Canadian record companies to survive the Great Depression, Enrique Iglesias, Foo Fighters, Kings of Leon, Miley Cyrus, Giorgio Moroder, Jennifer Hudson, DAngelo, Tinashe, G-Eazy, Pitbull and Wizkid. In 1929, the Radio Corporation of America purchased the Victor Talking Machine Company, the worlds largest manufacturer of phonographs and phonograph records. The company became RCA Victor but retained use of the Victor Records name on their labels until the beginning of 1946 when the labels were finally switched over to RCA Victor.
With Victor, RCA acquired New World rights to the famous Nipper His Masters Voice trademark, in Shanghai, China, in 1931, RCA Victors British affiliate the Gramophone Company merged with the Columbia Graphophone Company to form EMI. This gave RCA head David Sarnoff a seat on the EMI board, in September 1931, RCA Victor introduced the first 33⅓ rpm records sold to the public, calling them Program Transcriptions. In the depths of the Great Depression, the format was a commercial failure, during the early part of the depression, RCA made a number of attempts to produce a successful cheap label to compete with the dime store labels. The first was the short-lived Timely Tunes label in 1931 sold at Montgomery Ward, in 1932, Bluebird Records was created as a sub-label of RCA Victor. It was originally an 8-inch record with a blue label. In 1933, RCA reintroduced Bluebird and Electradisk as a standard 10-inch label, another cheap label, was produced. The same musical couplings were issued on all three labels and Bluebird Records still survives eight decades after Electradisk and Sunrise were discontinued, RCA produced records for Montgomery Ward label during the 1930s.
Besides manufacturing records for themselves, RCA Victor operated RCA Custom which was the leading record manufacturer for independent record labels, RCA Custom pressed record compilations for The Readers Digest Association. RCA sold its interest in EMI in 1935, but EMI continued to distribute RCA recordings in the UK, RCA manufactured and distributed HMV classical recordings on the RCA and HMV labels in North America. During World War II, ties between RCA and its Japanese affiliate JVC were severed, the Japanese record company is today called Victor Entertainment and is still a JVC subsidiary. From 1942 to 1944, RCA Victor was seriously impacted by the American Federation of Musicians recording ban, virtually all union musicians could not make recordings during that period
Georgios Kyriacos Panayiotou, known professionally as George Michael, was an English singer, record producer, and philanthropist who rose to fame as a member of the music duo Wham. He was best known for his work in the 1980s and 1990s, including hit singles such as Wake Me Up Before You Go-Go and Last Christmas, and albums such as Faith and Listen Without Prejudice Vol.1. Up to the time of his death, Michael sold more than 115 million records worldwide and his breakthrough duo Wham. sold 28 million records between 1982 and 1986, and his debut solo album Faith sold more than 20 million copies worldwide. Michael achieved seven number one singles in the UK and eight number one songs on the Billboard Hot 100 in the US, including Careless Whisper and Praying for Time. He ranks among the best-selling British acts of all time, who came out as gay in 1998, was an active LGBT rights campaigner and HIV/AIDS charity fundraiser. In 2004, the Radio Academy named Michael the most played artist on British radio during the period 1984–2004, the documentary A Different Story covered his career and personal life.
Michaels first tour in 15 years, the worldwide 25 Live tour, in the early hours of 25 December 2016, aged 53, was found dead in bed at his Oxfordshire home. A coroners report attributed his death to natural causes, Michael was born in East Finchley on 25 June 1963. His father, Kyriacos Jack Panayiotou, a Greek Cypriot restaurateur, had emigrated to Britain in the 1950s, Michaels mother, Lesley Angold, was an English dancer, and his maternal grandmother was Jewish. Michael spent most of his childhood in Kingsbury, London, in the home his parents soon after his birth. His older sisters are Yioda and Melanie, while he was in his early teens, the family moved to Radlett. There, Michael attended Bushey Meads School in Bushey, where he befriended his future Wham. partner Andrew Ridgeley, the two had the same career ambition of being musicians. Michael busked on the London Underground, performing such as 39 by Queen. His involvement in the business began with his working as a DJ, playing at clubs and local schools around Bushey, Stanmore.
This was followed by the formation of a ska band called The Executive, with Ridgeley, Ridgeleys brother Paul, Andrew Leaver. Michael formed the duo Wham. with Andrew Ridgeley in 1981, the bands first album Fantastic reached No.1 in the UK in 1983 and produced a series of top 10 singles including Young Guns, Wham Rap. and Club Tropicana. Their second album, Make It Big, reached No.1 on the charts in the US, Michael sang on the original Band Aid recording of Do They Know Its Christmas. And donated the profits from Last Christmas/Everything She Wants to charity and he contributed background vocals to David Cassidys 1985 hit The Last Kiss, as well as Elton Johns 1985 successes Nikita and Wrap Her Up
Shakira Isabel Mebarak Ripoll is a Colombian singer, songwriter and record producer. Born and raised in Barranquilla, she began performing in school, demonstrating Latin American, Shakira entered the English-language market with her fifth album, Laundry Service. Its lead single, Wherever, became the single of 2002. Shakiras eighth and ninth albums, She Wolf and Sale el Sol and her official song for the 2010 FIFA World Cup, Waka Waka, became the biggest-selling World Cup song of all time. With over 1.3 billion views, it is one of the music videos on YouTube. Shakira served as a coach on the fourth and sixth seasons of the American version of The Voice in 2013 and 2014 and her tenth album, Shakira, is preceded by its lead single, Cant Remember to Forget You. She carries out well-known philanthropic activities through charity work most notably through her Pies Descalzos Foundation, in 2014, she was listed as the 58th most powerful woman in the world by Forbes. Shakira Isabel Mebarak Ripoll was born on 2 February 1977 in Barranquilla and she is the only child of Nidia Ripoll Torrado and William Mebarak Chadid.
Her paternal grandparents emigrated from Lebanon to New York City, where her father was born and her father emigrated to Colombia at age 5. The name Shakira is Arabic, from which language it translates as grateful and it is the feminine form of the name Shakir. From her mother, she has Spanish and Italian ancestry, although both of her mothers surnames are Spanish and she was raised Roman Catholic and attended Catholic schools. She has eight older half-siblings from her fathers previous marriage, as she was growing up, she was fascinated watching her father writing stories on a typewriter, and asked for one as a Christmas gift. She got that typewriter at the age of seven, and has continued writing poetry since and these poems eventually evolved into songs. She started dancing on the table, and the experience made her realize that she wanted to be a performer and she enjoyed singing for schoolmates and teachers at her Catholic school, but in second grade, she was rejected for the school choir because her vibrato was too strong.
The music teacher told her that she sounded like a goat, at school, she was often sent out of the class because of her hyperactivity. She says she had known as the belly dancer girl. Thats how I discovered my passion for live performance, she says, to instill gratitude in Shakira for her upbringing, her father took her to a local park to see orphans who lived there. The images stayed with her, and she said to herself, as noted below, she eventually did exactly that
Sony Corporation is a Japanese multinational conglomerate corporation that is headquartered in Kōnan, Tokyo. Its diversified business includes consumer and professional electronics, entertainment, the company is one of the leading manufacturers of electronic products for the consumer and professional markets. Sony was ranked 116th on the 2015 list of Fortune Global 500 and these make Sony one of the most comprehensive entertainment companies in the world. The group consists of Sony Corporation, Sony Pictures Entertainment, Sony Interactive Entertainment, Sony Music Entertainment, Sony Financial Holdings and others. Sony is among the Semiconductor sales leaders by year and as of 2013, the companys current slogan is BE MOVED. Their former slogans were make. believe, like. no. other, Sony has a weak tie to the SMFG keiretsu, the successor to the Mitsui keiretsu. Sony began in the wake of World War II, in 1946, Masaru Ibuka started an electronics shop in a department store building in Tokyo. The company had $530 in capital and a total of eight employees, in the following year he was joined by his colleague, Akio Morita, and they founded a company called Tokyo Tsushin Kogyo 東京通信工業.
The company built Japans first tape recorder, called the Type-G, in 1958 the company changed its name to Sony. When Tokyo Tsushin Kogyo was looking for a name to use to market themselves, they strongly considered using their initials. The primary reason they did not is that the railway company Tokyo Kyuko was known as TTK, the company occasionally used the acronym Totsuko in Japan, but during his visit to the United States, Morita discovered that Americans had trouble pronouncing that name. Another early name that was tried out for a while was Tokyo Teletech until Akio Morita discovered that there was an American company already using Teletech as a brand name, the name Sony was chosen for the brand as a mix of two words. One was the Latin word sonus, which is the root of sonic and sound, and the other was sonny, a common slang term used in 1950s America to call a boy. In the 1950s Japan sonny boys, was a word into Japanese which connoted smart and presentable young men. The first Sony-branded product, the TR-55 transistor radio, appeared in 1955, at the time of the change, it was extremely unusual for a Japanese company to use Roman letters to spell its name instead of writing it in kanji.
The move was not without opposition, TTKs principal bank at the time and they pushed for a name such as Sony Electronic Industries, or Sony Teletech. Akio Morita was firm, however, as he did not want the company tied to any particular industry. Eventually, both Ibuka and Mitsui Banks chairman gave their approval, according to Schiffer, Sonys TR-63 radio cracked open the U. S. market and launched the new industry of consumer microelectronics
Louis William Tomlinson is an English singer-songwriter and actor. He is known as a member of the pop boy band One Direction, Tomlinson began his career as an actor, initially appearing in ITV drama Fat Friends as an extra. He went on to appear in another ITV drama film If I Had You, in 2010, he became a founding member of One Direction after auditioning as a solo artist on The X Factor. Following the bands hiatus, Tomlinson released the single Just Hold On with Steve Aoki in December 2016, in 2013, he was signed as a footballer by Doncaster Rovers of the Football League Championship on a non-contract basis. The same year he formed his own record label, Triple Strings Ltd. As one of the highest profile music artists in contemporary British popular culture he appeared on Debretts 2017 list of the most influential people in the UK, Tomlinson was born in Doncaster, South Yorkshire, to Johannah Poulston and Troy Austin, who split up when he was young. He took on his stepfather Mark Tomlinsons name and his mother died, after a short battle with leukaemia, in December 2016.
Tomlinson was a sixth form student at Hall Cross School and a pupil of the Hayfield School. He failed his first year of A levels at the Hayfield School and ended up going back to Hall Cross and he had a number of jobs, including at a Vue cinema and at Doncaster Rovers football stadium as a waiter in the hospitality suites. As a student at Hall Cross, Tomlinson appeared in musical productions. He admitted to not applying himself academically in school, but he enjoyed being with his friends. Taking the lead role of Danny Zuko in the Hall Cross musical production of Grease motivated him to audition for The X Factor, along with two of his siblings, had extra roles in Fat Friends. After Fat Friends, he attended a school in Barnsley. He had small parts in an ITV drama film If I Had You, as a student at Hall Cross, Tomlinson appeared in several musical productions. Being involved with productions at Hall Cross gave him a growing sense of ambition and determination. Taking the lead role of Danny Zuko in the Hall Cross musical production of Grease motivated him to audition for The X Factor.
Tomlinson auditioned for The X-Factor in 2009 where he failed to progress past the producers audition, in 2010, Tomlinson auditioned for the seventh series of the singing competition The X Factor. Subsequently, the group got together for two weeks to get to each other and to practise