Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was a country located in central and Southeastern Europe that existed from its foundation in the aftermath of World War II until its dissolution in 1992 amid the Yugoslav Wars. Covering an area of 255,804 km², the SFRY was bordered by the Adriatic Sea and Italy to the west and Hungary to the north and Romania to the east, Albania and Greece to the south; the nation was a socialist state and a federation governed by the League of Communists of Yugoslavia and made up of six socialist republics: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Macedonia, Montenegro and Slovenia with Belgrade as its capital. In addition, it included two autonomous provinces within Serbia: Vojvodina; the SFRY's origin is traced to 26 November 1942, when the Anti-Fascist Council for the National Liberation of Yugoslavia was formed during World War II. On 29 November 1945, the Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia was proclaimed after the deposition of King Peter II, thus ending the monarchy.
Until 1948, the new communist government sided with the Eastern Bloc under the leadership of Josip Broz Tito at the beginning of the Cold War, but after the Tito–Stalin split of 1948, Yugoslavia pursued a policy of neutrality. It became one of the founding members of the Non-Aligned Movement, transitioned from a planned economy to market socialism; the SFRY maintained neutrality during the Cold War as part of its foreign policy. It was a founding member of CERN, the United Nations, Non-Aligned Movement, OSCE, IFAD, WTO, BTWC. Following the death of Tito on 4 May 1980, the Yugoslav economy started to collapse, which increased unemployment and inflation; the economic crisis led to a rise in ethnic nationalism in early 1990s. With the collapse of communism in Eastern Europe, inter-republic talks on transformation of the federation failed. In 1991 some European states recognized their independence; the federation collapsed along federal borders, followed by the start of the Yugoslav Wars, the final downfall and breakup of the federation on 27 April 1992.
Two of its republics and Montenegro, remained within a reconstituted state known as the "Federal Republic of Yugoslavia", but this union was not recognized internationally as the official successor state to the SFRY. The term "former Yugoslavia" is now used retrospectively; the name Yugoslavia, an Anglicised transcription of Jugoslavija, is a composite word made up of jug and slavija. The Slavic word jug means'south', while slavija denotes a'land of the Slavs'. Thus, a translation of Jugoslavija would be'South-Slavia' or'Land of the South Slavs'; the full official name of the federation varied between 1945 and 1992. Yugoslavia was formed in 1918 under the name Kingdom of Serbs and Slovenes. In January 1929, King Alexander I assumed dictatorship of the kingdom and renamed it the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, for the first time making the term "Yugoslavia"—which had been used colloquially for decades —the official name of the state. After the Kingdom was occupied by the Axis during World War II, the Anti-Fascist Council for the National Liberation of Yugoslavia announced in 1943 the formation of the Democratic Federal Yugoslavia in the substantial resistance-controlled areas of the country.
The name deliberately left the republic-or-kingdom question open. In 1945, King Peter II was deposed, with the state reorganized as a republic, accordingly renamed Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia, with the constitution coming into force in 1946. In 1963, amid pervasive liberal constitutional reforms, the name Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was introduced; the state is most referred to by the latter name, which it held for the longest period of all. Of the three main Yugoslav languages, the Serbo-Croatian and Macedonian language name for the state was identical, while Slovene differed in capitalization and the spelling of the adjective "Socialist"; the names are as follows: Serbo-Croatian and Macedonian languages Latin: Socijalistička Federativna Republika Jugoslavija Cyrillic: Социјалистичка Федеративна Република Југославија Serbo-Croatian pronunciation: Macedonian pronunciation: Slovene language Socialistična federativna republika Jugoslavija Due to the length of the name, abbreviations were used to refer to the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, though the state was most known as Yugoslavia.
The most common abbreviation is SFRY, though SFR Yugoslavia was used in an official capacity by the media. On 6 April 1941, Yugoslavia was invaded by the Axis powers led by Nazi Germany. Yugoslav resistance was soon established in two forms, the Royal Yugoslav Army in the Homeland and the Communist Yugoslav Partisans; the Partisan supreme commander was Josip Broz Tito, under his command the movement soon began establishing "liberated territories" which attracted the attention of occupying forces. Unlike the various nationalist militias operating in occupied Yugoslavia, the Partisans were a pan-Yugoslav movement promoting the "brotherhood and unity" of Yugoslav nations, representing the republican, left-wing, socialist elements of the Yugoslav political
ACB Finals Most Valuable Player Award
The ACB Finals Most Valuable Player Award is an award for the top-tier professional basketball league in Spain, the Spanish ACB League. The ACB first named a Finals Most Valuable Player after the 1990–91 ACB season. Since only three players have won the award more than once: Arvydas Sabonis, Juan Carlos Navarro and Felipe Reyes; the MVP of the ACB Finals goes to the player on the winning team that has the highest Performance Index Rating stat over the course of the Finals series. The following is a list of the all-time ACB Finals Most Valuable Player Award winners. Player nationalities by national team. ACB Most Valuable Player Award All-ACB Team ACB Rising Star Award Spanish League Official Website
Tom Izzo. On April 4, 2016, Izzo was elected to the Naismith Basketball Hall of Fame. Under Izzo, Michigan State has been a successful collegiate basketball program, earning him the nickname of “Mr March” by some on account of his past success in the NCAA Tournament. Izzo has led the Spartans to the 2000 NCAA Division I National Championship, the 2009 NCAA National Championship Game, eight Final Fours, nine Big Ten championships, six Big Ten Tournament championships in his 24 years at Michigan State; the coach with the most wins in school history, Izzo's teams have earned invitations to 22 consecutive NCAA tournaments, in addition to setting the Big Ten record for the longest home winning streak. These accomplishments led analyst Andy Katz at ESPN to deem Michigan State the top college basketball program for the decade from 1998 to 2007. Izzo is the longest-tenured coach in the Big Ten Conference, his teams are recognized for their rebounding prowess and defensive tenacity, he has won four national coach of the year awards and maintains a considerable coaching tree—several of his former assistants are head coaches at other Division I schools.
Izzo has won nine regular-season conference titles, tied for the third most in conference history. He has won the most Big Ten Tournament titles in conference history. Izzo is second all-time in Big Ten wins. Izzo was raised in Iron Mountain in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan. In his hometown he met former NFL head coach Steve Mariucci. Both he and his friend attended Iron Mountain High where they were teammates on the football and track teams. At Northern Michigan University in Marquette, where they were roommates, Izzo played guard for the men's basketball team from 1973 to 1977. In his senior season, he set a school record for minutes played and was named a Division II All-American. After graduating from Northern Michigan, Izzo was head coach at Ishpeming High School for one season, he took an assistant coaching job at Northern Michigan University from 1979 to 1983. Izzo was named a part-time assistant at Michigan State in September 1983. After a short two-month stay in 1986 as an assistant coach at University of Tulsa, Izzo returned to Michigan State when assistant Mike Deane left to become head coach at Siena College.
Prior to the 1990–91 season coach Jud Heathcote elevated Izzo to associate head coach. After Heathcote's retirement following the 1994–95 season and upon both Heathcote and the Michigan State Athletic Director's recommendation, Izzo was named the new head coach of men's basketball for MSU. Hired as head coach at Michigan State in 1995, Izzo is the longest-tenured basketball coach in the Big Ten Conference, he became the coach with the most wins in school history after winning his 341st game on November 29, 2009, to surpass Heathcote. In his first two seasons as head coach, Izzo went 9–9 finishing 6th and 7th in the conference and failed to make the NCAA Tournament. In 1998, MSU's record in conference improved to 13–3 and Izzo won the first of his nine regular-season Big Ten championships. 1998 saw Michigan State begin a streak of 22 straight NCAA Tournament appearances, the 3rd longest current streak among Division I teams. Izzo has a record of 52–20 in the NCAA Tournament. In 1999, Izzo won his first of six Big Ten Tournament titles, went to his first Final Four, the first of three straight Final Four appearances, joining Krzyzewski and Ben Howland as the only three coaches who have made three consecutive Final Fours since the NCAA Tournament bracket expanded to 64 teams in 1985.
In the instate rivalry with Michigan, Izzo's official record against the Wolverines is 24–14, although Michigan vacated five of their wins in the series at the start of his head coaching career. In 2000, Izzo led MSU to its second NCAA national championship with an 89–76 win over Florida. Eighty-two percent of his players who completed their eligibility left MSU with a degree. Over the years, Izzo has been pursued by the Atlanta Hawks, Chicago Bulls, Cleveland Cavaliers, New Jersey Nets for head coaching jobs. After a brief flirtation with Cleveland, on June 15, 2010, Izzo reported to the Michigan State University's Board of Trustees that he would remain head coach of Michigan State, in which he stated he was "a Spartan for life."Izzo fell short of obtaining his second national championship in 2009, losing to North Carolina 89–72. His streak of three straight Final Four appearances from 1999 to 2001 is the third-longest of all time, his six Final Four appearances in the years 1999–2010 were matched by no other team in college basketball.
In 2013, Izzo was voted as the fifth angriest coach in college basketball by USA Today Sports, an honor that he cherishes. On November 26, 2015, Izzo won his 500th career game, all with Michigan State, with a win over Boston College in the Wooden Legacy. On January 28, 2016, Izzo won his 513th career game moving him into second place past Gene Keady all time for wins by a coach in the Big Ten, he trails only Bob Knight. On March 18, 2016, MSU suffered what was, at the time the single greatest upset in NCAA Tournament history when No. 15 seeded Middle Tennessee defeated the No. 2 seeded Spartans 90–81. It was believed that MSU was the equivalent of a No. 1 seed and Vegas odds had them pegged the favorite to win the title. Middle Tennessee led from start to finish and held off repeated Michigan State threats to take the lead. Despite that, Izzo stated that the team "resurrected me". On October 13, 2016, Izzo won the Dean Smith Award, awarded to “an individual in coll
2005 NBA draft
The 2005 NBA draft took place on June 28, 2005, in the Theatre at Madison Square Garden in New York City. In this draft, NBA teams took turns selecting amateur college basketball players and other first-time eligible players, such as players from high schools and non-North American leagues; the NBA announced that 49 college and high school players and 11 international players had filed as early-entry candidates for the draft. This was the last NBA draft; the new collective bargaining agreement between the league and its players union established a new age limit for draft eligibility. Starting with the 2006 NBA draft, players of any nationality who complete athletic eligibility at a U. S. high school cannot declare themselves eligible for the draft unless they turn 19 no than December 31 of the year of the draft and are at least one year removed from the graduation of their high school classes. International players, defined in the NBA's collective bargaining agreement as non-US nationals who did not complete athletic eligibility at a U.
S. high school, must turn 19 in the calendar year of the draft, up from 18. As of 2016, the only players to have declared for the NBA draft straight out of high school since these restrictions took place were Satnam Singh Bhamara, Thon Maker, Anfernee Simons; this draft is notable. These players who declared or were automatically eligible for the 2005 draft, were not selected but have played in the NBA; the following trades involving drafted players were made on the day of the draft: a New York acquired the draft rights to 21st pick Nate Robinson, Quentin Richardson and cash considerations from Phoenix in exchange for the draft rights to 54th pick Dijon Thompson and Kurt Thomas. B Portland acquired the draft rights to 22nd pick Jarrett Jack from Denver in exchange for the draft rights to 27th pick Linas Kleiza and the draft rights to 35th pick Ricky Sanchez. C Cleveland acquired the draft rights to 44th pick Martynas Andriuškevičius from Orlando in exchange for a 2006 second-round draft pick.
D Memphis acquired the draft rights to 55th pick Lawrence Roberts from Seattle in exchange for 2006 and 2007 second-round draft picks and cash considerations. E Orlando acquired the draft rights to 57th pick Marcin Gortat from Phoenix in exchange for cash considerations. Prior to the draft, the following trades were made and resulted in exchanges of draft picks between the teams. F Hours before the start of the draft, Utah acquired the 3rd pick from Portland in exchange for the 6th pick, the 27th pick and a 2006 first-round draft pick. Utah acquired a 2005 first-round draft pick on June 24, 2004, from Dallas in exchange for the draft rights to Pavel Podkolzine. Utah used the 3rd pick to draft Deron Williams and Portland used the 6th and the 27th pick to draft Martell Webster and Linas Kleiza. G On June 22, 2004, Charlotte acquired Cleveland's first-round draft pick from Phoenix in exchange for an agreement to select Jahidi White in the 2004 Expansion Draft. Phoenix acquired a 2005 first-round draft pick on October 1, 1997, from Cleveland in a three-team trade with Cleveland and Denver.
Charlotte used the 13th pick to draft Sean May h On December 17, 2004, Toronto acquired Philadelphia's 2005 and Denver's 2006 first-round draft picks, Alonzo Mourning, Eric Williams, Aaron Williams from New Jersey in exchange for Vince Carter. New Jersey acquired Philadelphia's 2005, Denver's 2006 and L. A. Clippers' 2006 first-round draft picks on July 15, 2004, from Denver in exchange for Kenyon Martin. Denver acquired a 2005 first-round draft pick, Mark Bryant and Art Long from Philadelphia in a three-team trade with Philadelphia and Houston on December 18, 2002. Toronto used the 16th pick to draft Joey Graham. I On June 24, 2004, Denver acquired Washington's first-round draft pick from Orlando in exchange for the draft rights to Jameer Nelson. Orlando acquired a 2005 first-round draft pick and Laron Profit on August 1, 2001, from Washington in exchange for Brendan Haywood. Denver used the 20th pick to draft Julius Hodge. J On June 24, 2004, Phoenix acquired a 2005 first-round draft pick, the draft rights to Jackson Vroman and cash considerations from Chicago in exchange for the draft rights to Luol Deng.
Phoenix used the 21st pick to draft Nate Robinson. K On February 25, 2005, New York acquired Phoenix's 2005 and San Antonio's 2006 first-round draft picks and Malik Rose from San Antonio in exchange for Nazr Mohammed and Jamison Brewer. San Antonio acquired a 2005 first-round draft pick on June 26, 2003, from Phoenix in exchange for the draft rights to Leandro Barbosa. New York used the 30th pick to draft David Lee. L On July 14, 2005, the L. A. Clippers acquired 2005 and 2006 second-round draft picks from Charlotte in exchange for Eddie House and Melvin Ely; the L. A. Clippers used the 32nd pick to draft Daniel Ewing. M On December 6, 2004, the L. A. Lakers acquired New York's 2005 and Charlotte's 2009 second-round draft picks from Charlotte in exchange for Kareem Rush. Charlotte acquired New York's second-round draft pick on August 6, 2004, from Atlanta in exchange for Predrag Drobnjak. Atlanta acquired a 2005 second-round draft pick and Michael Doleac on February 15, 2004, from New York in a three-team trade with New York and Milwaukee.
The L. A. Lakers used the 37th pick to draft Ronny Turiaf. N On January 2, 2004, Orlando acquired an option to exchange 2005 second-round draft picks, Mengke Bateer and the draft rights to Remon van de Hare from Toronto in exchange for Robert Archibald; the options to exchange 2005
Baloncesto Málaga, S. A. D. for sponsorship reasons named Unicaja, is a Spanish professional basketball team, based in Málaga, Spain. The team plays in the EuroLeague; the team is sponsored by the Spanish bank Unicaja. Unicaja was founded in 1977, as CB Caja de Ronda. In 1992, the club merged another ACB team in the city of Málaga, CB Maristas de Málaga, founded in 1953 as Ademar Basket Club. Over the years, the club has featured players like: Nacho Rodríguez, Berni Rodríguez, Carlos Cabezas, Jorge Garbajosa, Marcus Brown, Sergei Babkov, Michael Ansley, Louis Bullock, Kenny Miller, as well as numerous other well-known players; the club won its first title, when it won the European-wide third tier level FIBA Korać Cup in the 2000–01 season. They won the Spanish King's Cup title in 2005; the next year, in the 2005–06 season, Unicaja won its first-ever Spanish League championship. The club finished its best years to date, by qualifying for the 2007 Euroleague Final Four, where it was defeated in the semifinals by CSKA Moscow, thus finished in third place in the EuroLeague.
In October 2007, Unicaja faced the NBA's Memphis Grizzlies in a friendly match, they defeated the Grizzlies, by a score of 102–99. That was one of the 17 times. Pau Gasol and Juan Carlos Navarro, two of the greatest Spanish basketball players of all time, played for Memphis in that historical game. Málaga participated in the European-wide top-tier level league, the EuroLeague, for 15 consecutive seasons. However, in the summer of 2015, it lost its EuroLeague A-licence. Therefore, in the 2016–17 season, Unicaja participated in the second tier level EuroCup; the club won the EuroCup title, in its first season in the league, after winning over Valencia Basket in the league's Finals. Pabellón Guadaljaire Pabellón Tiro Pichón Pabellón Ciudad Jardín Palacio de Deportes José María Martín Carpena Since 1999, Unicaja Málaga has played its home games at the Palacio de Deportes José María Martín Carpena arena; the arena seated 9,743 spectators for basketball games, was expanded in the year 2010, to a current seating capacity of 11,300 people for basketball games.
National: Liga ACB: 2005–06 Copa del Rey: 2005 2nd division championships: 1ª División B: 1981, 1987 Andalusia Cup: 1996, 2001, 2003, 2007, 2008, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018International: EuroCup: 2017 Korać Cup: 2001 EuroLeague: Third Place: 2007 EuroCup Finals MVP Alberto Díaz – 2017 Baloncesto Málaga B is the reserve team of Unicaja, basketball based in Málaga. From 2007 to 2016, Baloncesto Málaga had an agreement with CB Axarquía, for them to play as the club's main farm team, while Baloncesto Málaga B, which plays under the name Unicaja, was the club's third team until the end of this contract. Official Website Baloncesto Málaga at ACB.com Baloncesto Málaga at Euroleague.net Baloncesto Málaga at Eurobasket.com
Power forward (basketball)
The power forward known as the four, is one of the five positions in a regulation basketball game. It has been referred to as the "post" position. Power forwards play a role similar to that of center, they play offensively with their backs towards the basket and position themselves defensively under the basket in a zone defense or against the opposing power forward in man-to-man defense. The power forward position entails a variety of responsibilities, one of, rebounding. Many power forwards are noted for their mid-range jump-shot, several players have become accurate from 12 to 18 feet. Earlier, these skills were more exhibited in the European style of play; some power forwards, known as stretch fours, have since extended their shooting range to three-point field goals. In the NBA, power forwards range from 6' 8" to 7' 0" while in the WNBA, power forwards are between 6' 1" and 6' 4". Despite the averages, a variety of players fit "tweener" roles which finds them in the small forward or center position depending on matchups and coaching decisions.
Some power forwards play the center position and have the skills, but lack the height, associated with that position
The FIBA EuroBasket 2009 was the 36th FIBA EuroBasket, the biennial regional basketball championship contested by European nations and held by FIBA Europe. The tournament, hosted by Poland, began on 7 September 2009 and concluded with the final on 20 September 2009; the competition served as a qualification tournament for the 2010 FIBA World Championship in Turkey. Spain claimed their first EuroBasket title by routing Serbia 85–63 in the final. Greece captured the bronze medal with a 57–56 victory over Slovenia; the four semifinalists plus France and Croatia claimed the six European qualifying spots for the 2010 FIBA World Championship. Spain's Pau Gasol was named the tournament's most valuable player; the tournament was played at seven venues in seven cities throughout Poland. Each one of the total six groups in the preliminary and the qualifying round was hosted by a single arena, while the entire knockout stage was played at Spodek Arena, Katowice; the draw for the qualifying round took place on 16 February 2008 in Italy.
Poland, as host nation, the seven top-placed nations in EuroBasket 2007 automatically qualified for the tournament finals. From the qualifying round, the winners of the four groups and the three best second-place teams advanced to the final round of the event; the ten teams who participated in the qualifying round and did not succeed in going through to the final round had been ranked according to their win–loss records, their win–loss percentages and their goal average coefficients. The first six teams took part in an additional qualifying round, held from 5 to 30 August 2009, the winner of which secured the last ticket for the final tournament; the draw for the groups of the final tournament took place on 8 November 2008 in Poland. The finalists were divided into four seeding pots, based on the results of the teams in the most recent FIBA Europe official competitions, with the last competition being the most important. Teams from the same group of seeds cannot be drawn against each other. H Host r Record, win–loss a Goal average coefficient, points for/points against Each nation fielded a roster of twelve players for the tournament.
FIBA rules allow one naturalized player per team. Nineteen players on NBA rosters participated in the tournament. France led the way with five NBA players participating on the team; the Polish Basketball Federation and the Local Organising Committee of EuroBasket 2009 announced at a press conference in Warsaw that they have chosen the European Bison as the official mascot of EuroBasket 2009. The European bison is the largest wild animal, it is estimated that one fifth of the world's population of bisons is living in Poland. The animal is known for its calm attitude, while its posture and horns are associated with strength and dignity; the name chosen for the event's official mascot is Mieszko. The name has historical significance as it is the name of the first documented Polish ruler who united Poland in the 10th century. Mieszko is wearing a white jersey that shows the logo of the tournament and white shorts with a number 9. There is red on the sides of shorts, his footwear is white with red laces.
He is holding a basketball that says "EuroBasket 2009". Venue: Hala Arena, Poznań Venue: Hala Olivia, Gdańsk Venue: Hala Torwar, Warsaw Venue: Hala Stulecia, Wrocław Venue: Łuczniczka, Bydgoszcz Venue: Atlas Arena, Łódź 5th place bracket The final was a rematch of each team's opening game, with the Spaniards attempting to avenge their 66–57 upset loss to the Serbians. Spain raced to a double-digit lead early in the first quarter, en route to an unassailable 52–29 lead at halftime. Serbia didn't catch up to hand Spain their first European Championship. Pau Gasol had a double-double with 11 rebounds. Teammate Rudy Fernandez added five rebounds. Uroš Tripković and Novica Veličković had 15 points each in a losing effort for the Serbs. Spain, Greece, Slovenia and Croatia qualified for the 2010 FIBA World Championship. Turkey qualified as hosts of the competition. Russia and Lithuania were awarded wild card berths to the tournament; the following players were named to the All-Tournament Team: Vassilis Spanoulis Miloš Teodosić Rudy Fernandez Erazem Lorbek Pau Gasol Note: Only players who participated in at least five games are eligible for statistic charts.
1. Spain: Pau Gasol, Juan Carlos Navarro, Víctor Claver, Rudy Fernández, Jorge Garbajosa, Sergio Llull, Carlos Cabezas, Ricky Rubio, Felipe Reyes, Marc Gasol, Raúl López, Álex Mumbrú 2. Serbia: Miloš Teodosić, Stefan Marković, Bojan Popović, Uroš Tripković, Ivan Paunić, Milenko Tepić, Nemanja Bjelica, Novica Veličković, Milan Mačvan, Nenad Krstić, Kosta Perović, Miroslav Raduljica 3. Greece: Nick Calathes, Giannis Kalampokis, Vassilis Spanoulis, Stratos Perperoglou, Nikos Zisis, Georgios Printezis, Kostas Kaimakoglou, Antonis Fotsis, Kosta Koufos, Ioannis Bourousis, Sofoklis Schortsanitis, Andreas Glyniadakis 4. Slovenia: Jaka Lakovič, Goran Dragić, Domen Lorbek, Samo Udrih, Jaka Klobučar, Boštjan Nachbar, Goran Jagodnik, Uroš Slokar, Jurica Golemac, Matjaž Smodiš, Erazem Lorbek, Primož Brezec Eurobasket 2009 Division B EuroBasket Women 2009