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In Greek mythology, Erebus Erebos, was conceived as a primordial deity, representing the personification of darkness. The perceived meaning of Erebus is "darkness"; the name Ἔρεβος itself originates from PIE *h1regʷ-es/os- "darkness". According to the Greek oral poet Hesiod's Theogony, Erebus is the offspring of Chaos, brother to Nyx: From Chaos came forth Erebus and black Night. Erebus features little in Greek mythological tradition and literature, but is said to have fathered several other deities with Nyx. In Greek literature, the name Erebus is used as a region of the Greek underworld where the dead pass after dying, is sometimes used interchangeably with Tartarus. Hesiod, Theogony from The Homeric Hymns and Homerica with an English Translation by Hugh G. Evelyn-White, Cambridge, MA. Harvard University Press. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library. Greek text available from the same website. Hyginus, Fabulae from The Myths of Hyginus edited by Mary Grant. University of Kansas Publications in Humanistic Studies.

Online version at the Topos Text Project. Smith, William. "E'rebos"


Vannes is a commune in the Morbihan department in Brittany in north-western France. It was founded over 2,000 years ago. Vannes, located on the Gulf of Morbihan at the mouth of two rivers, the Marle and the Vincin, is around 100 kilometres northwest of Nantes and 450 km south west of Paris. Vannes is a market town linked to the sea; the name Vannes comes from the Veneti, a seafaring Celtic people who lived in the south-western part of Armorica in Gaul before the Roman invasions. The region seems to have been involved in a cross channel trade for thousands of years using hide boats and Ferriby Boats. Wheat, grown in the Middle East was part of this trade. At about 150 BC the evidence of trade with the Thames estuary area of Great Britain increased; the Veneti were defeated by Julius Caesar's fleet in 56 BC in front of Locmariaquer. The Romans settled a town called Darioritum in a location belonging to the Veneti. From the 5th to the 7th century, the remaining Gauls were displaced or assimilated by waves of immigrant Britons fleeing the Saxon invasions of Britain.

Under the Breton name Gwened, the town was the center of an independent principality or kingdom variously called Bro-Wened or Bro-Ereg, the latter for a prominent member of its dynasty, which claimed descent from Caradog Strongarm. The diocese of Vannes was erected in the 5th century; the Council of Vannes was held there in 461. The realm annexed Cornouaille for a time in the early 6th century but was permanently joined with Domnonia under its king and Saint Judicaël around 635. In 1342, Vannes was besieged four times between forces from both sides of the Breton War of Succession; the city's defending commander, Olivier V de Clisson, was captured by the English but released. The French executed him since they suspected him of being a traitor since the ransom was unusually low. In 1759, Vannes was used as the staging point for a planned French invasion of Britain. A large army was assembled there, but it was never able to sail after the French naval defeat at the Battle of Quiberon Bay in November 1759.

In 1795, during the French Revolution, French forces based in Vannes repelled a planned British-Royalist invasion. Inhabitants of Vannes are called Vannetais; the municipality launched a linguistic plan through Ya d'ar brezhoneg on 12 October 2007. In 2008, 7.71% of the children attended the bilingual schools in primary education. Train The Gare de Vannes railway station offers connections to Quimper, Nantes and several regional destinations. With the fast train TGV, the journey takes: – 30 minutes to Lorient, – 1 hour to Nantes or Rennes, – 3.5 to 4 hours to Paris. The Transport express régional or TER is a slower train to join railway stations in the close neighborhood, as Auray or Questembert. There is no direct railway from Vannes to Saint-Brieuc, so the train from Vannes to Saint Brieuc goes via Rennes, which doubles the travel time and cost: it takes 2 to 3 hours to go from Vannes to Saint Brieuc by train. Car Two highways, in the north of Vannes, provide fast connections by car: – N165: drive west to Lorient and Quimper, south east to Nantes – N166: drive north east to Rennes + a network of small roads connects Vannes to smaller cities.

There is no highway from Vannes to Saint-Brieuc, so the way to northern Brittany consists of small roads. The lack of highway or railway between Vannes and Saint-Brieuc cuts the communications between northern and southern Brittany, limits Brittany economic performance. Airplanes Vannes has a small airfield in the village of Monterblanc, called Vannes-Meucon airport, or "Vannes – Golfe du Morbihan airport", it used to be a military airport. It belongs to Vannes Agglomeration community, the group of cities gathered around Vannes, the main users of this airfield are Vannes flying club, the local ultralight aviation club, Vannes school of skydiving. Bus There are 2 bus networks in Vannes: – Kicéo, proposes short travels starting from Vannes Place de la Republique on behalf of Vannes Agglomeration community, – CAT, propose longer travel starting from the railway station on behalf of Morbihan. So there are 2 central bus stations in Vannes: one on Place de la Libération, the other at the railway station.

Bike Vannes city had a public bicycle rental program, called Velocea based on the same idea as the Paris Vélib'. Hundreds of bicycles are available in 20 automated rental stations each with 10 to fifteen bikes/spaces; each Velocea service station stands for bicycles. The bicycles were robust and heavy 18 kilograms, the user could take a bike in any station, let it in any station, for a cost as: free the first 4 hours, 1 euro the next 30 minutes, 2 euros per hour; the service was discontinued by August 2017. Cathedral of St Peter, gothic cathedral Church of St Patern, classic church Chapel of Saint-Yves, baroque church Château Gaillard Musée de la Cohue Hôtel de Ville Old city walls, which include: Tour du Connétable Château de l'Hermine Porte Calmont, medieval city gate Porte Prison, medieval city gate Porte Poterne, medieval city gate Porte Saint-Jean, medieval city gate Port

Andreas Kirkerup

Andreas Johannes Kirkerup was a Danish architect and master builder, one of the most significant pupils of Caspar Frederik Harsdorff. Together with architects such as Andreas Hallander and Johan Martin Quist, he played a major role in the rebuilding of Copenhagen after the Great Fire of 1795. Kirkerup was born in Copenhagen in 1749; the son of a carpenter, Kirkerup followed in his father's footsteps, training under master builder Johan Boye Junge who endorsed him to study architecture at the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts where he studied under Caspar Frederik Harsdorff. He won the Academy's small and large silver medals in 1768, the small gold medal in 1771 and the large gold medal in 1773. Kirkerup set up a business as master carpenter in 1774 and was appointed architect for the engineering troops, he won great recognition for his work and was appointed Court Carpenter in 1775 and Court Architect in 1991. He was one of a select group of Harsdorff's students from the Academy, together with architects such as Andreas Hallander and Johan Martin Quist, who obtained a near monopoly on the rebuilding of Copenhagen after the Great Fire of 1795.

The group of builders which Kirkerup belonged to reinforced their friendship and professional connections through their membership of lodges, the Royal Copenhagen Shooting Society, the civil guard and the fire corps. Still a student, Kirkerup was promoted through the ranks, he led the efforts to control the fire during the British Bombardment of Copenhagen in 1807 but was hurt in the line of duty. He died a few years from his wounds and was buried at Frederiksberg Church. Corselitze, Falster Dronninggård, Holte Arresødal, Frederiksværk Edelgave, Egedal Liselund, Møn Royal Horse Guards Barracks, Copenhagen Brede House, Kongens Lyngby Store Frederikslund Garrison Hospital extension, Copenhagen Chinese Summerhouse, Frederiksberg Gardens, Copenhagen Andreas Kirkerup at Kunstindeks Danmark

Voltron (1984 TV series)

Voltron is a Japanese-American animated television series produced by World Events Productions for a total of 124 episodes. From days of long ago, from uncharted regions of the universe, comes a legend, the legend of Voltron, Defender of the Universe. A mighty robot, loved by good, feared by evil; as Voltron’s legend grew, peace settled across the galaxy. On planet Earth, a galaxy alliance was formed. Together with the good planets of the solar system, they maintained peace throughout the universe; until a new horrible menace threaten the galaxy. Voltron was needed once more; this is the story of the super force of space explorers, specially trained, sent by the alliance, to bring back Voltron: Defender of the Universe. The first season is about five pilots; these pilots use these machines to protect the planet Arus from the evil Warlord King Zarkon and witch Haggar who creates Robeasts to terrorize the planet ruled by Princess Allura. From days of long ago, from uncharted regions of the universe, comes a legend, the legend of Voltron, Defender of the Universe.

A mighty robot, loved by good, feared by evil. As Voltron’s legend grew peace settled across the galaxy. On planet Earth, a galaxy alliance was formed. Together with the good planets of the solar system, they maintained peace throughout the universe; until a new horrible menace threatened the galaxy. Voltron was needed once more; this is the story of a super force of space explorers, entrusted by the alliance with the ancient secret on how to assemble Voltron: Defender of the Universe. The second season of the show was called Vehicle Voltron based on Armored Fleet Dairugger XV which spawned a television special called Voltron: Fleet of Doom; the premise of season two is the Galaxy Alliance's home worlds have become overcrowded and search for new planets to colonise. This puts the Alliance in conflict with the Drule empire; each team is specialized in fighting in their area of expertise. Each squad combines their vehicles into a bigger machine, with each vehicle differing among the three teams; these fighters are: The Aqua Fighter The Turbo Terrain Fighter The Strato Fighter Jack Angel as King Zarkon Michael Bell as Lance and Sven Peter Cullen as Narrator and Coran Neil Ross as Keith and Pidge B. J. Ward as Haggar and Princess Allura Lennie Weinrib as Hunk and Prince Lotor Tress MacNeille as Queen Merla Ted Koplar assembled a team in Los Angeles to transform Golion into what would become Voltron.

Peter Keefe was brought aboard with Franklin Cofod as the Director. Since they had no means of translating the Japanese series into English and Cofod surmised the plots, commissioned writer Jameson Brewer to write all-new dialogue, edited out the more violent scenes, remixed the audio into stereo format; the series was an immediate hit in the United States, topping the syndication market for children's programs in the mid-1980s. The Japanese Future Robot Daltanious series was planned to be adapted by World Events Productions as part of Voltron; when requesting master tapes from Toei Animation for translation purposes, the World Events Productions producers requested " ones with the lion." Mistakenly, Toei proceeded to ship World Events copies of Beast King GoLion, another "combining-robot" cartoon which featured lion-shaped fighting robot starships. Because the World Events producers preferred GoLion to Daltanious, the GoLion episodes were adapted instead, going on to become the most popular portion of the original Voltron run.

A third version/series of Voltron based on yet another Japanese series, Lightspeed Electroid Albegas, was in progress, but it was dropped when World Events Productions joined with Toei to make new GoLion-based shows, due to that show's popularity over the Dairugger run. Though airing in syndication, which offered other anime shows such as Robotech greater freedom to deal with subject matter such as death that were off-limits in most US network children's programming, WEP's adaptation of Voltron was edited to conform to the more conservative standards of children's television in the United States, as well as the standard name change of characters and concepts in GoLion and Dairugger. In Voltron, the show begins with the five pilots sent by the Galaxy Alliance, whose space-exploration mission takes them to a planet devastated by war. In Voltron, the pilots are captured and taken to Planet Doom, they escape, return to Arus, become the pilots of the robot lions and Voltron. In GoLion, the initial scenes are of Earth.

They are captured and taken to Planet Galra, where the plot proceeds only the planet they find the lions on is called Altea. In the Voltron version, some footage of the pilots' arrival on Arus was taken from Armored Fleet Dairugger XV. Scenes of torture and atrocities inflicted by the alien conquerors on their slaves and some shots of corpses were removed. In GoLion, Takashi'Shiro' Shirogane, the original pilot of Blue Lion, is killed in a battle with Haggar, his similar-looking younger brother Ryou appears in the series to join in the fight against Emperor Daibazaal. In Voltron, dialog was inserted to indicate that Sven is injured and has been sent away to a hospital planet to recover, the character of Ryou was rewritten into Sven being enslaved after said planet was taken over escaping and managing to reunite with his f

Funzie Girt

Funzie Girt is an ancient dividing wall, erected from north to south across the island of Fetlar in Shetland, Scotland. Some sources describe it as having been built in the Neolithic, but the date of construction is not known; the line of the wall, which ran for over 4 kilometres, once divided the island in two equal sections. Known as the Finnigirt Dyke, it has vanished in places at the southern end, although the ruins are visible along much of the uninhabited north of the island, where it is a conspicuous feature of the landscape; the dyke's original purpose is not known, nor is its relationship to other archaeological sites of a similar age nearby. There are various folk tales about its construction, it is the subject of various pieces of Shetland folk music; the name "Funzie Girt" means "Finns' dyke", the Finns being the legendary pre-Norse inhabitants of the islands who were said to possess magical powers. The variation between Finn and Funzie is due to widespread confusion of the letter ȝ with the cursive form of the letter z.

An earlier name for the dyke was "Finnigord" and Finnigirt dyke is thus tautologous as gord means "dyke". The dyke could have had a role in the naming of Fetlar itself; the division of the island by the dyke was so marked that the Norse seemed to treat Fetlar as two distinct islands—which they called "Est Isle" and "Wast Isle". Haswell-Smith suggests that the derivation of the name is from fetill, the Old Norse for a "strap" or a "tie", that Fetlar could therefore mean "two islands tied together" by the dyke. Gammeltoft however, argues that fetlar means "shoulder-straps", that this description is hardly an obvious one for an island name and Fetlar is thus most a Norse adaptation of a precursor language; this was the Pictish language although there is no unequivocal evidence for this. 1 metre wide it begins at the north shore by the cliffs of Muckle Funziegord Geo, crosses an RSPB reserve to the west of Vord Hill vanishes near the enclosure of Whilsa Pund. It reappears at the southern shore of Skutes Water, is well-preserved between Riggin of Setter and Rivs Dale, but its line is lost again as it skirts the settlement of Houbie.

It may have crossed an area known as Vallahamars by the ruins of a broch reaching the south coast of Fetlar near Stack of Billaclett, although local tradition asserts that it ended at the edge of the cliffs of Clemmels Geos. The total length would therefore have been 4 kilometres or more. Whilsa Pund is constructed using a similar technique and was built at a similar time to Funzie Girt, its stone-built perimeter is oblong in shape and measures 293 metres from north to south and 128 metres transversely. The remains of various structures lie within it and on the west side there is a shallow bay that forms an enclosure 15 square metres in area. There are various other prehistoric ruins near the line of the wall, including the Bronze Age Hjaltadans stone circle north of Skutes Water, only 6 metres from the dyke, the three stone circles of Fiddler's Crus to the north-west. There are two Neolithic heel-shaped cairns, a style of chambered cairn unique to Shetland, near the summit of Vord Hill; the hamlet of Funzie and the nearby Bay of Funzie and Loch of Funzie are some 3 kilometres east of Houbie and appear to have no direct connection with the dyke itself.

The date of construction is unknown. Haswell-Smith speculatively implies a Mesolithic provenance and a Bronze Age date has been mentioned although the Neolithic is quoted by some authoritative sources; however the distinction between the Neolithic and Bronze Ages is not marked in Shetland and a date prior to the 1st millennium BC is likely. There are numerous old boundary dykes in Shetland and Funzie Girt is considered to be the best surviving example, it both divides the island west to east and marks an upland/lower land boundary, with the higher slopes of Vord Hill to the east of the dyke. It is constructed from local stones with the largest slabs and boulders placed either on end or on edge and forming the base; the human effort required would have been considerable and suggests a high Neolithic population for Shetland—perhaps as much as 10,000. Although most built as a territorial boundary of some kind, the original purpose of the dyke is not certain. In historic times it acted as a boundary marker or hagri, but its huge scale is difficult to reconcile with the available prehistoric human resources.

It has been described as a "Bronze Age Berlin Wall". By contrast, "fealie dykes" were made of turf such as the nearby example at Burn of Feal less than 0.5 kilometres east of the line of the Funzie Girt south of Skutes Water. When they had stone bases these dykes needed regular maintenance and in historic times were mounted with fences to make them stock-proof. A strip of land 1 kilometre wide that ran along the dyke's eastern side was once known as "Houbie", now the name of Fetlar's principal settlement. Fetlar was surveyed in 1850, at which time part of the Funzie Girt formed the east end of one of the important "marches" or property boundaries for Russeter, west of Colbinstoft on north Fetlar. At that time the oldest man on the island, one Andrew Johnson, claimed to have been on the last "riding" of the bounds in 1820; the northern, most complete section of Funzie Girt has been pr

Bobby Fisher (footballer)

Robert Paul Fisher is an English retired professional football right back, best remembered for his 9 years in the Football League with Orient, for whom he made 350 appearances and was captain. After leaving Orient in 1982, Fisher played for Cambridge United and Brentford, before dropping into non-league football, he moved into coaching and television. A right back, Fisher began his career in the youth system at Second Division club Orient and made his debut during the 1972–73 season while still a teenager, he broke into the team in the following season and became the Brisbane Road club's regular left back until 1982. Aside from being named captain, a highlight of Fisher's time with Orient came in April 1978, when the Os' 1977–78 FA Cup run saw them denied a place at Wembley after a 3–0 defeat to First Division club Arsenal in the semi-finals. Orient's relegation to Third Division in 1982 saw Fisher leave the club, after making 350 appearances in 9 years. Fisher signed for Second Division club Cambridge United in November 1982.

He failed to hold down a regular place in the team and departed in February 1984. Fisher joined Third Division strugglers Brentford for a £5,000 fee in February 1984, his presence in the defence helped stabilise the defence and guide the Bees away from relegation to a 20th-place finish. He continued as Frank McLintock's first choice right back until March 1985, when young centre back Keith Millen broke into the team and McLintock moved Danis Salman to right back. Fisher had his contract cancelled and he departed Brentford on October 1986, having made 56 appearances during just over two and a half years at Griffin Park. Fisher closed out his career in non-league football with Conference club Maidstone United. Fisher was head coach of the Great Britain Over 45s team which won the gold medal at the 2009 Maccabiah Games, he served as assistant to David Pollock of the Open team at the 2013 edition. After his retirement from football, Fisher dabbled in acting, making appearances in television series' Space Precinct, Forensic Factor. and The Manageress.

Fisher is the nephew of former footballer Mark Lazarus and began his career at Orient while Lazarus was winding down his league career with his second spell at the club. Being mixed-race and Jewish, he has spoken about the racism he received from the terraces as a player