In Irish mythology, Ériu, daughter of Delbáeth and Ernmas of the Tuatha Dé Danann, was the eponymous matron goddess of Ireland. The English name for Ireland comes from the Germanic word land. Since Ériu is represented as goddess of Ireland, she is interpreted as a modern-day personification of Ireland, although since the name "Ériu" is the older Irish form of the word Ireland, her modern name is modified to "Éire" or "Erin" to suit a modern form. With her sisters, Banba and Fódla, she was part of a triumvirate of goddesses; when the Milesians arrived from Galicia, each of the three sisters asked that their name be given to the country. This was granted to them. Ériu was said to have been the wife of Mac Gréine, a grandson of Dagda.Ériu, Banba and Fódla are interpreted as goddesses of sovereignty. According to the 17th-century Irish historian Geoffrey Keating, the three sovereignty goddesses associated with Éire, Banbha and Fódla were Badb and The Morrígan. Different texts have attributed different personal relationships to Ériu.
Her husband has been named as Mac Gréine. She has been portrayed as the lover of Elatha, a prince of the Fomorians, with whom she had a son Bres, as the mistress of the hero Lugh. Both Elatha and Ériu are described in some sources as the children of Delbaeth, indicating they may be half-siblings, her foster-father in the Rennes Dindsenchas was Codal the Roundbreasted, whose feeding Eriu caused the land in Ireland to heave toward the sky. The University of Wales' reconstructed Proto-Celtic lexicon gives *Φīwerjon- as the Proto-Celtic etymology of this name; this Celtic form implies Proto-Indo-European *piHwerjon- related to the adjectival stem *piHwer- "fat" hence meaning "fat land" or "land of abundance", applied at an early date to the island of Ireland. The Proto-Celtic form became *īweriū in Q-Celtic. From a similar or somewhat form were borrowed Greek Ἰέρνη Iernē and Ἰουερνία Iouernia. Boydell, Barra. "The female harp: The Irish harp in 18th- and early–19th-century Romantic nationalism", RIdIM/RCMI newsletter XX/1, 10–17
Eritrea the State of Eritrea, is a country in the Horn of Africa, with its capital at Asmara. It is bordered by Sudan in the west, Ethiopia in the south, Djibouti in the southeast; the northeastern and eastern parts of Eritrea have an extensive coastline along the Red Sea. The nation has a total area of 117,600 km2, includes the Dahlak Archipelago and several of the Hanish Islands, its toponym Eritrea is based on the Greek name for the Red Sea, first adopted for Italian Eritrea in 1890. Eritrea is a multi-ethnic country, with nine recognized ethnic groups in its population of around 5 million. Most residents speak languages from the Afroasiatic family, either of the Ethiopian Semitic languages or Cushitic branches. Among these communities, the Tigrinyas make up about 55% of the population, with the Tigre people constituting around 30% of inhabitants. In addition, there are a number of Nilo-Saharan-speaking Nilotic ethnic minorities. Most people in the territory adhere to Islam; the Kingdom of Aksum, covering much of modern-day Eritrea and northern Ethiopia, was established during the first or second centuries AD.
It adopted Christianity around the middle of the fourth century. In medieval times much of Eritrea fell under the Medri Bahri kingdom, with a smaller region being part of Hamasien; the creation of modern-day Eritrea is a result of the incorporation of independent, distinct kingdoms and sultanates resulting in the formation of Italian Eritrea. After the defeat of the Italian colonial army in 1942, Eritrea was administered by the British Military Administration until 1952. Following the UN General Assembly decision, in 1952, Eritrea would govern itself with a local Eritrean parliament but for foreign affairs and defense it would enter into a federal status with Ethiopia for a period of 10 years. However, in 1962 the government of Ethiopia annulled the Eritrean parliament and formally annexed Eritrea, but the Eritreans that argued for complete Eritrean independence since the ouster of the Italians in 1941, anticipated what was coming and in 1960 organized the Eritrean Liberation Front in opposition.
In 1991, after 30 years of continuous armed struggle for independence, the Eritrean liberation fighters entered the capital city, Asmara, in victory. Eritrea is a one-party state in which national legislative elections have never been held since independence. According to Human Rights Watch, the Eritrean government's human rights record is among the worst in the world; the Eritrean government has dismissed these allegations as politically motivated. The compulsory military service requires long, indefinite conscription periods, which some Eritreans leave the country to avoid; because all local media is state-owned, Eritrea was ranked as having the second-least press freedom in the global Press Freedom Index, behind only North Korea. The sovereign state of Eritrea is a member of the African Union, the United Nations, the Intergovernmental Authority on Development, is an observer in the Arab League alongside Brazil, Venezuela and Turkey; the name Eritrea is derived from the ancient Greek name for the Red Sea.
It was first formally adopted with the formation of Italian Eritrea. The name persisted over the course of subsequent British and Ethiopian occupation, was reaffirmed by the 1993 independence referendum and 1997 constitution. At Buya in Eritrea, one of the oldest hominids representing a possible link between Homo erectus and an archaic Homo sapiens was found by Italian scientists. Dated to over 1 million years old, it is the oldest skeletal find of its kind and provides a link between hominids and the earliest anatomically modern humans, it is believed that the section of the Danakil Depression in Eritrea was a major player in terms of human evolution, may contain other traces of evolution from Homo erectus hominids to anatomically modern humans. During the last interglacial period, the Red Sea coast of Eritrea was occupied by early anatomically modern humans, it is believed that the area was on the route out of Africa that some scholars suggest was used by early humans to colonize the rest of the Old World.
In 1999, the Eritrean Research Project Team composed of Eritrean, American and French scientists discovered a Paleolithic site with stone and obsidian tools dated to over 125,000 years old near the Bay of Zula south of Massawa, along the Red Sea littoral. The tools are believed to have been used by early humans to harvest marine resources such as clams and oysters. According to linguists, the first Afroasiatic-speaking populations arrived in the region during the ensuing Neolithic era from the family's proposed urheimat in the Nile Valley. Other scholars propose that the Afroasiatic family developed in situ in the Horn, with its speakers subsequently dispersing from there. Together with Djibouti, northern Somalia, the Red Sea coast of Sudan, Eritrea is considered the most location of the land which the ancient Egyptians called Punt, first mentioned in the 25th century BC; the ancient Puntites had close relations with Ancient Egypt during the rule of Pharaoh Sahure and Queen Hatshepsut. This is confirmed by genetic studies of mummified baboons.
In 2010, a study was conducted on baboon mummies that were brought from Punt to Egypt as gifts by the ancient Egyptians. The scientists from the Egyptian Museum and the University of California used oxygen isotope analysis to examine hairs from two baboon mummies, preserved in the British Museum. One of the baboons had distorted isotopic data, so t
Erie International Airport
Erie International Airport Tom Ridge Field is a public airport five miles southwest of Erie, in Erie County. Airline service at Erie faces stiff competition from the Pittsburgh, Cleveland and Toronto airports, all within three hours of Erie by car. In 2004 Erie was the third-fastest-growing airport in the United States, the fastest-growing airport in Pennsylvania, it is 128 miles from Pittsburgh, 111 miles from the Canada–US border, 95 miles from Cleveland, Ohio and 105 miles from Buffalo, New York. In 1924, Roger Griswold purchased 22.12 acres of land 6 miles west of Erie at the intersection of West Lake and Asbury Roads for use as an airfield. Soon after, a flight training school was based at the field. In 1927, as part of a nationwide tour by Charles Lindbergh after his transatlantic flight, Erie was selected as one of the cities where Lindbergh would make a brief stopover. However, as Griswold Field proved inadequate for the larger Spirit of St. Louis to land and an alternative site could not be located, a flyover by Lindbergh had to suffice.
This event showed the need for a proper airport and prompted the Erie City Council to examine to possibility of establishing a municipal airport. City Council was favoring a site 1⁄2-mile east of Wesleyville for a municipal airport. After recommendations made by Lindbergh to a Congressional committee that no airport less than 1 square mile be approved, the planning commission for Erie's airport began to reevaluate the site they chose. Griswold Field closed in 1929 when Griswold moved to Long Island, but aircraft and the flight school continued to use it; that year two airfields were established: one on land adjacent to the former Griswold Field, another in Kearsarge, now the site of the Millcreek Mall. American Airlines. Began Port Erie Airport's first commercial passenger and airmail service in June 1938. Prior to September 11, 2001 the airport was at its height with US Airways mainline jets to Pittsburgh and international service to Toronto. After 9/11 US Airways replaced DC-9s with regional jets.
As air service rebounded in the mid-2000s, US Airways Express flew to Pittsburgh and Charlotte. On August 22, 2018, Derek Martin was named Executive Director of the airport; the airport is looking to expand service to New York and other cities. US Airways discontinued Charlotte flights in 2006. Delta Air Lines discontinued Atlanta flights on September 6, 2007. In early 2008 US Airways discontinued Pittsburgh flights; as of November 2017, American Eagle service is two flights daily to Philadelphia on the ERJ-145. The 1,920-foot extension of runway 6/24 was opened on November 8, 2012; the total cost of the project was $80.5 million, or $5 million under budget. Owing to a mild winter in 2011–2012 that did not hinder construction work, the extension was completed two years ahead of schedule. Erie International/Tom Ridge Field covers 450 acres and has two runways: Runway 2/20: 3,508 ft × 150 ft, Surface: Asphalt Runway 6/24: 8,420 ft × 150 ft, Surface: Asphalt/ConcreteThe airport has a passenger terminal building which opened in 1958 and has had several expansions and upgrades since its construction.
The 1970s saw expansions to baggage claim facilities and an office expansion for FAA office facilities on the second floor. A ticketing area on the western end of the terminal building was added in 1990. Upgrades to the lobby area and boarding gates and passenger boarding bridges followed in the late 1990s and early 2000s; the first floor of the passenger terminal building which houses the baggage claim, check in desks, rental car counters, cafe, TSA checkpoint and boarding gate areas occupies 43,200 square feet. The terminal has 3 with jetbridges for regional aircraft. Current occupied gates are: Gate 1- United Express, Gate 5- Delta Connection, Gate 7- American Eagle Taxis can reach the airport. Two Erie Metropolitan Transit Authority bus routes stop at the airport. Avis Rent a Car System, Enterprise Rent-A-Car, The Hertz Corporation, National Car Rental have car rental counters. In 1986, USAir flight 499, a DC-9, arriving from Toronto Pearson International Airport, landed on snow-covered runway 24, slid off the runway to rest over Asbury Road on the western perimeter of the airport.
In 1984, a Spirit Airlines chartered flight, a DC-9 carrying a football team, landed in snowy conditions on a soft patch of land next to the runway. On January 5, 2006, PSA Airlines flight 1355 had a tire on the left landing gear burst with no injuries. On September 21, 2017, Delta Connection Flight 4906 en route from Detroit to Greater Rochester International Airport declared an emergency and landed at ERI due to an engine sensor indicating a reverse thruster was deployed; the aircraft landed without incident and the problem was traced to a faulty sensor. Airport Master Record available as a printable form Erie International Airport Pennsylvania Bureau of Aviation: Erie International Airport FAA Airport Diagram, effective March 28, 2019Resources for this airport: AirNav airport information for KERI ASN accident history for ERI FlightAware airp
The kimono is a traditional Japanese garment. The term means "garment", it has come to mean full-length formal robes. The standard English plural is kimonos, but kimono is used for the plural form in English as Japanese does not distinguish plural nouns. Kimonos are worn for important festivals and formal occasions as formal clothing. Kimono have T-shaped, Dambi-straight-lined robes worn so that the hem falls to the ankle, with attached collars and long, wide sleeves. Kimono are wrapped around the body, always with the left side over the right and are secured by a sash called an obi, tied at the back. Kimono are worn with traditional footwear and split-toe socks. Today, kimono are most worn by women on special occasions. Traditionally, unmarried women wore a style of kimono called furisode, with floor-length sleeves, on special occasions. A few older women and fewer men still wear the kimono on a daily basis. Men wear the kimono most at weddings, tea ceremonies, other special or formal occasions.
Professional sumo wrestlers are seen in the kimono because they are required to wear traditional Japanese dress whenever appearing in public. Chinese fashion had a huge influence on Japan from the Kofun period to the early Heian period as a result of mass immigration from the continent and a Japanese envoy to the Tang dynasty. There is an opinion that Kimono was derived from the Chinese hanfu of the Wu region in Jiangnan, China. A traditional culture that Japan women will dress in a kimono and visit a shrine for seijin-shiki, her coming-of-age ceremony when she becomes 20 years-old. During Japan's Heian period, the kimono became stylized, though one still wore a half-apron, called a mo, over it. During the Muromachi age, the Kosode, a single kimono considered underwear, began to be worn without the hakama over it, thus began to be held closed by an obi "belt". During the Edo period, the sleeves began to grow in length among unmarried women, the Obi became wider, with various styles of tying coming into fashion.
Since the basic shape of both the men's and women's kimono has remained unchanged. Kimonos made with exceptional skill from fine materials have been regarded as great works of art; the formal kimono was replaced by the more convenient Western clothes and yukata as everyday wear. Because of the Nishijin silk weavers of Kyoto have endured devastating fires, the wrath of austerity-minded shoguns. After an edict by Emperor Meiji, railroad men and teachers moved to Western clothes; the Japanese began shedding kimonos in favor of Western dress in the 1870s. The Western clothes became the school uniform for boys. After the 1923 Great Kantō earthquake, kimono wearers became victims of robbery because they could not run fast due to the restricting nature of the kimono on the body and geta clogs. Kimono produced by traditional methods have become too expensive for the average family. A common price for a kimono- and-obi ensemble is over $1,000, according to the Tokyo Wholesalers Association. Many cost far more.
On some special occasions such as wedding day, an elaborate kimono is de rigueur, most people choose to rent one. The Tokyo Women's & Children's Wear Manufacturers' Association promoted Western clothes. Between 1920 and 1930 the sailor outfit replaced the undivided hakama in school uniforms for girls; the national uniform, Kokumin-fuku, a type of Western clothes, was mandated for males in 1940. Today most people wear Western clothes and wear the breezier and more comfortable yukata for special occasions. In the Western world, kimono-styled women's jackets, similar to a casual cardigan, gained public attention as a popular fashion item in 2014. Kimonos for men should fall to the ankle without tucking. A woman's kimono has additional length to allow for the ohashori, the tuck that can be seen under the obi, used to adjust the kimono to the wearer. An ideally tailored kimono has sleeves. Kimono textiles can to be classified into two categories: Gofuku, which indicates silk textiles in general, for luxuries and cotton/hemp Futomono for everyday wear.
Gofuku was named after 呉 in ancient China. Cotton clothing is called Momenfuku. Cotton/hemp fabrics are called as Futomono as the fiber of these materials are thicker compared to that of silk. Till the end of the Edo period, tailoring of these fabrics were handled at Gofuku store and Futomono stores, after the Meiji period, kimono was not worn as daily wear often and Futomono stores went out of business. Kimonos are traditionally made from a single bolt of fabric called a tan. Tan come in standard dimensions—about 36 centimetres wide and 11.5 metres long—and the entire bolt is used to make one kimono. The finished kimono consists of four main strips of fabric—two panels covering the body and two panels forming the sleeves—with additional smaller strips forming the narrow front panels and collar. Kimonos were taken apart for washing as separate panels and resewn by hand; because the entire bolt remains in the finished garment without cutting, the kimono can be retailored to fit another person. The maximum width of the sleeve is dictated by the width of the fabric.
The distance from the center of the s
Eri D. Woodbury
Eri Davidson Woodbury was a Union Army officer during the American Civil War. He received the Medal of Honor for gallantry during the Battle of Cedar Creek fought near Middletown, Virginia on October 19, 1864; the battle was the decisive engagement of Major General Philip Sheridan’s Valley Campaigns of 1864 and was the largest battle fought in the Shenandoah Valley. Woodbury graduated from Dartmouth College in 1863, he enlisted in the army in December of that year, mustered out in June 1865 After the war, he taught at Cheshire Academy for 38 years becoming its headmaster. “The President of the United States of America, in the name of Congress, takes pleasure in presenting the Medal of Honor to Sergeant Eri Davidson Woodbury, United States Army, for extraordinary heroism on 19 October 1864, while serving with Company E, 1st Vermont Cavalry, in action at Cedar Creek, Virginia. During the regiment's charge when the enemy was in retreat Sergeant Woodbury encountered four Confederate infantrymen retreating.
He drew his saber and ordered them to surrender, overcoming by his determined actions their willingness to further resist. They surrendered to him together with their rifles and 12th North Carolina regimental flag.” Woodbury was sent to Washington, D. C. with the captured Confederate battle flag. He was introduced to Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton by General George Custer. Stanton presented the Medal of Honor to Woodbury. Sergeant Woodbury was promoted to First Lieutenant and was mustered out as a Brevet Captain in Jun 1865. List of Medal of Honor recipients List of American Civil War Medal of Honor recipients: T-Z "Eri D. Woodbury". Hall of Valor. Military Times. Military Times Hall of Valor Eri D. Woodbury at Find a Grave Vermont in the Civil War
Electrical resistivity tomography
Electrical resistivity tomography or electrical resistivity imaging is a geophysical technique for imaging sub-surface structures from electrical resistivity measurements made at the surface, or by electrodes in one or more boreholes. If the electrodes are suspended in the boreholes, deeper sections can be investigated, it is related to the medical imaging technique electrical impedance tomography, mathematically is the same inverse problem. In contrast to medical EIT, however, ERT is a direct current method. A related geophysical method, induced polarization, measures the transient response and aims to determine the subsurface chargeability properties; the technique evolved from techniques of electrical prospecting that predate digital computers, where layers or anomalies were sought rather than images. Early work on the mathematical problem in the 1930s assumed a layered medium. Andrey Nikolayevich Tikhonov, best known for his work on regularization of inverse problems worked on this problem.
He explains in detail. During the 1940s, he collaborated with geophysicists and without the aid of computers they discovered large deposits of copper; as a result, they were awarded a State Prize of Soviet Union. When adequate computers became available the inverse problem of ERT could be solved numerically, the work of Loke and Barker at Birmingham University was among the first such solution, their approach is still used. With the advancement in the field of Electrical Resistivity Tomography from 1D to 2D and now-a- days 3D, ERT has explored many fields; the applications of ERT include fault investigation, ground water table investigation, soil moisture content determination and many others. In industrial process imaging ERT can be used in a similar fashion to medical EIT, to image the distribution of conductivity in mixing vessels and pipes. In this context it is called Electrical Resistance Tomography, emphasising the quantity, measured rather than imaged. Electrical capacitance volume tomography Magnetotellurics Seismo-electromagnetics Telluric current Vertical electrical sounding R.
E. Langer, On an inverse problem in differential equations, Bull Am Math Soc, 39, pp 814–820, 1933. L. B. Slichter, The interpretation of the resistivity prospecting method for horizontal structures, J Appl Phys, v4, pp 307–322, 1933. R. E. Langer, On determination of earth conductivity from observed surface potentials, Bull Am Math Soc, 42, pp 747–754, 1936. Tikhonov, A. N.. О единственности решения задачи электроразведки. Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR. 69: 797–800. A. P. Calderón, On an inverse boundary value problem, in Seminar on Numerical Analysis and its Applications to Continuum Physics, Rio de Janeiro. 1980. Scanned copy of paper Loke, M. H.. Tutorial: 2-D and 3-D electrical imaging surveys. Retrieved 2007-06-11. M. H. Loke, R. D. Barker, Rapid least-squares inversion of apparent resistivity pseudo-sections using quasi-Newton method: Geophysical Prospecting, 48, 181–152, 1996. M. H. Loke, R. D. Barker, Practical techniques for 3D resistivity surveys and data inversion: Geophysical prospecting, 44, 499–523, 1996
The Energy and Resources Institute
The Energy and Resources Institute is a research institute in New Delhi that specializes in the fields of energy and sustainable development. Established in 1974, it was known as the Tata Energy Research Institute; as the scope of its activities widened, it was renamed The Energy and Resources Institute in 2003. The origins of TERI lie in Mithapur, a remote town in Gujarat, where a TATA engineer, Darbari Seth, was concerned about the enormous quantities of energy his factory spent on desalination, he proposed the idea of a research institute to tackle the depletion of natural resources and energy scarcity. J. R. D. Tata, chairman of the TATA Group, accepted the proposal. TERI was set up with a modest corpus of 35 million rupees. On the invitation of the Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, TERI was registered in Delhi in 1974 as the Tata Energy Research Institute. TERI began its operations in the Bombay House, headquarters of Tata. In 1984, it moved to Delhi where it continued to operate out on the rented premises for a decade.
In 1993, the organization set up its permanent base in Darbari Seth Block, named after its founder, in the India Habitat Centre complex located at Lodhi Road, New Delhi. Today TERI has a global presence with many centres in India and abroad. Headquarters at the India Habitat Center, New Delhi. Southern Regional Centre, Bangalore Western Regional Centre, Goa North - Eastern Regional Centre, Guwahati Himalayan Centre, Mukteshwar TERI Mumbai, Navi Mumbai TERI Japan, Tokyo TERI North America, Washington D. C. TERI Europe, London TERI South East Asia, Kuala Lumpur, MalaysiaIn October 2011, Princess Máxima of the Netherlands opened the European headquarters of TERI in Utrecht. TERI established a research base in Africa to provide technical assistance as well as to facilitate exchange of knowledge amongst the communities in various African states. In 2016-17, TERI set up the world's biggest facility for Mycorrhiza production in Gual Pahari, Gurugram,Haryana. TERI has over 1250 employees, with research professionals from disciplines pertaining to issues of environment and energy.
The Institute's present Director General is Dr Ajay Mathur. The scope of the organisation's activities includes climate change, energy efficiency, renewable energy and social transformation. World Sustainable Development Summit - An annual summit which facilitates the exchange of knowledge on diverse aspects of global sustainable development. LaBL - An initiative to provide clean lighting access to bottom of the pyramid communities. Green Olympiad - Conducted in association with MoEF, it is an international environment examination, annually organized for middle and high-school students. Ranked 2 in the list of worlds best climate think tank by international centre for climate governance. Ranked 20 in the list of top global think tanks according to a survey conducted by Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program of University of Pennsylvania, Brookings Institution Awarded EDF Pulse Award in Paris by the Chairman of EDF Mr Henri Proglio on 30 April 2014, which recognizes ingenious efforts towards providing access to electricity.
TERI's community radio service Kumaon Vani received an award from the Union Ministry of Information and Broadcasting at National Community Radio Sammelan held on 21 March 2014. TERI's film, The'Flight' and'Are we ready to dig in?' won awards at the CMS VATAVARAN 2014 on 2 February 2014. Awarded the Project Management Institute Project of Year award in the NGO category for LaBL project. Ranked as the topmost global think-tank in 2013 in the field of climate sciences and research by the International Center for Climate Governance TERI Press, TERI's publishing arm releases a plethora of publications out of which some noteworthy publications are: TerraGreen - Monthly magazine of TERI on issues of environment, livelihood rights, wildlife and sustainable development. TERI Energy Data Directory and Yearbook: Launched in 1986, it is a compilation of energy and environment data, it is a comprehensive reference document and a source of information on energy supply sectors as well as energy-consuming sectors.
Mycorrhiza News- Quarterly newsletter of Mycorrhiza Network. Green Rating for Integrated Habitat Assessment was conceived by TERI and developed with Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, is a national rating system for green buildings in India. TERI School of Advanced Studies was established on 19 August 1998, was recognised by the University Grants Commission as a deemed-to-be University in 1999. Set-up as the TERI School of Advanced Studies in 1998, the institution was subsequently renamed TERI University. Established in January 2015 with a vision to provide sustainability education and help create environmental awareness among children at an early age. Inaugurated by Union Minister for Environment and Forests Prakash Javadekar, the K-12 school is affiliated to CBSE. Rajendra K. Pachauri World Sustainable Development Summit TERI University TERI-Deakin Nanobiotechnology Centre