Proceedings is a 96-page monthly magazine published by the United States Naval Institute. Launched in 1874, it is one of the oldest continuously published magazines in the United States. Proceedings covers topics concerning global security and includes articles from military professionals and civilian experts, historical essays, book reviews, full-color photography, reader commentary. A third are written by active-duty personnel, a third by retired military, a third by civilians. Proceedings frequently carries feature articles by Secretaries of Defense, Secretaries of the Navy, Chairmen of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, top leaders of the Navy, Marine Corps and Coast Guard. Over the decades many notable names have contributed articles to Proceedings either early in their careers or when they reached the upper echelons of leadership, in many cases, both. Tom Clancy, best-selling author of techno-thrillers such as The Hunt for Red October George Dewey, only officer in U. S. history to attain the rank of Admiral of the Navy Ernest King, Chief of Naval Operations during World War II Alfred Thayer Mahan, U.
S. Navy flag officer and historian Chester W. Nimitz, Commander in Chief, Pacific Ocean Areas, for U. S. and Allied air and sea forces during World War II Theodore Roosevelt, 26th President of the United States James G. Stavridis, NATO's 16th Supreme Allied Commander Europe Yates Stirling, Jr. U. S. Navy flag officer, submarine pioneer and first commander of Naval Submarine Base New London and Submarine School Official website
Virtual International Authority File
The Virtual International Authority File is an international authority file. It is a joint project of several national libraries and operated by the Online Computer Library Center. Discussion about having a common international authority started in the late 1990s. After a series of failed attempts to come up with a unique common authority file, the new idea was to link existing national authorities; this would present all the benefits of a common file without requiring a large investment of time and expense in the process. The project was initiated by the US Library of Congress, the German National Library and the OCLC on August 6, 2003; the Bibliothèque nationale de France joined the project on October 5, 2007. The project transitioned to being a service of the OCLC on April 4, 2012; the aim is to link the national authority files to a single virtual authority file. In this file, identical records from the different data sets are linked together. A VIAF record receives a standard data number, contains the primary "see" and "see also" records from the original records, refers to the original authority records.
The data are available for research and data exchange and sharing. Reciprocal updating uses the Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting protocol; the file numbers are being added to Wikipedia biographical articles and are incorporated into Wikidata. VIAF's clustering algorithm is run every month; as more data are added from participating libraries, clusters of authority records may coalesce or split, leading to some fluctuation in the VIAF identifier of certain authority records. Authority control Faceted Application of Subject Terminology Integrated Authority File International Standard Authority Data Number International Standard Name Identifier Wikipedia's authority control template for articles Official website VIAF at OCLC
United States Naval Institute
The United States Naval Institute, based in Annapolis, Maryland, is a private, non-profit, professional military association that seeks to offer independent, nonpartisan forums for debate of national defense and security issues. In addition to publishing magazines and books, the Naval Institute holds several annual conferences. Established in 1873, the Naval Institute has about 50,000 members active and retired personnel of the United States Navy, Marine Corps, Coast Guard; the organization has members in over 90 countries. The organization has no official or funding ties to the United States Naval Academy or the U. S. Navy, although it is based on the grounds of the Naval Academy through permission granted by a 1936 Act of Congress; the Naval Institute's mission is "to provide an independent forum for those who dare to read, think and write to advance the professional and scientific understanding of sea power and other issues critical to global security". The Institute has a Vision, its chair is a retired Navy admiral.
Its CEO is a retired Navy vice admiral. On October 9, 1873, 15 naval officers gathered at the U. S. Naval Academy's Department of Physics and Chemistry building in Annapolis to discuss the implications of a smaller, post-Civil War Navy and other matters of professional interest; the U. S. Naval Institute was established as a forum for the exchange of ideas, to disseminate and advance the knowledge of sea power, to preserve U. S. naval and maritime heritage. Rear Admiral John L. Worden served as the first president. In 1874, the Naval Institute began to accept papers and publish the "proceedings" of its discussions which were distributed to the organization's members, a practice that continues to this day. Two decades the Naval Institute Press was created to publish basic naval guides. Having outgrown its offices at Preble Hall, the Naval Institute gave the building to the Naval Academy and, in 1999, renovated a derelict Navy hospital to serve as its new headquarters; the building was named Beach Hall to honor the contributions of Captain Edward L. Beach, Jr. and his father and namesake, Captain Edward L. Beach, Sr. who had served as the Institute's secretary-treasurer.
The monthly magazine Proceedings is the Naval Institute's flagship product. Published since 1874, it is one of the oldest continuously published magazines in the United States. Issues include articles from military professionals and civilian experts, historical essays, book reviews, full-color photography, reader commentary. A third are written by active duty and active reserve personnel, a third by retired military, a third by civilians. Proceedings frequently carries feature articles by Secretaries of Defense, Secretaries of the Navy, Chairmen of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, top leaders of the Navy, Marine Corps and Coast Guard; the magazine has published controversial articles on contentious issues. For example, in 1962, DoD officials prevented a Marine Corps lieutenant colonel from sending to Proceedings an article about a 1949 proposal to merge the Marines' aviation units into the Air Force. Naval History magazine was first published in 1987 to explore the role of sea power in U. S. history.
A bimonthly publication, the richly illustrated magazine’s contributors have included historians David McCullough and James M. McPherson; the Naval Institute Press publishes about 80 books a year. Its twice-yearly catalog includes works on history, professional military education, occasional works of popular fiction, such as Tom Clancy's first novel, The Hunt for Red October and Stephen Coonts' Flight of the Intruder. Among the professional development titles are The Bluejacket's Manual, Naval Shiphandling, The Naval Officer's Guide, The Marine Officer’s Guide, The Coast Guardsman’s Manual; the Naval Institute Guide to Combat Fleets of the World and The Naval Institute Guide to Ships and Aircraft of the U. S. Fleet are popular reference books with the military and maritime enthusiasts. Launched in December 2008, the blog is another forum for debate. Contributors have included former NATO Supreme Commander Admiral James G. Stavridis, USN and Admiral Thad Allen, the 23rd Commandant of the Coast Guard.
Launched in February 2012, USNI News provides breaking insight on emerging issues. It is a daily news service. In 1985, the Institute began to hold conferences, open to the public, to foster discussion of defense-related topics; the largest of these, are held in San Diego and Washington, D. C; the conferences feature the Chief of Naval Operations and the Commandant of the Marine Corps, as well as other leaders. In 2007, USNI produced Americans At War, a series of video interviews with U. S. combat veterans of conflicts dating to World War I. Former President George H. W. Bush, Senators Bob Dole, Daniel Inouye, Bob Kerrey, other men and women described how combat changed their lives; the series was broadcast on Public Broadcasting Service television stations nationwide. The U. S. Naval Institute holds one of the world’s largest private collections of military photographs: more than 450,000 images of people and aircraft from all branches of the armed forces; the photographs da
Combat Fleets of the World
Flottes de combat is an almanac and a reference book of information of the world's warships arranged by nation, including information on ships' names, armaments, photographs, etc. It is published in English, its editions cover the warships used by national naval and paramilitary forces, provide data on their characteristics. The original French edition was started by Commandant de Balincourt in 1897; the current publisher is Éditions d'outre-mer of Rennes, a subsidiary of Ouest-France. The English version, known as Combat Fleets of the World, has been published by Naval Institute Press in Annapolis since 1977; the latest English edition was the 16th edition in 2012. Both versions are published every two years. Jane's Fighting Ships Brassey's Naval Annual: competing United Kingdom publication Almanacco Navale Weyers Flottentaschenbuch Official web site for French edition Flottes de combat 1940-42, some extracts Combat Fleets of the World, 15th ed. some extracts All covers of French editions
Annapolis is the capital of the U. S. state of Maryland, as well as the county seat of Anne Arundel County. Situated on the Chesapeake Bay at the mouth of the Severn River, 25 miles south of Baltimore and about 30 miles east of Washington, D. C. Annapolis is part of the Baltimore–Washington metropolitan area, its population was measured at 38,394 by the 2010 census. This city served as the seat of the Confederation Congress and temporary national capital of the United States in 1783–1784. At that time, General George Washington came before the body convened in the new Maryland State House and resigned his commission as commander of the Continental Army. A month the Congress ratified the Treaty of Paris of 1783, ending the American Revolutionary War, with Great Britain recognizing the independence of the United States; the city and state capitol was the site of the 1786 Annapolis Convention, which issued a call to the states to send delegates for the Constitutional Convention to be held the following year in Philadelphia.
Over 220 years the Annapolis Peace Conference, was held in 2007. Annapolis is the home of St. John's College, founded 1696. A settlement in the Province of Maryland named "Providence" was founded on the north shore of the Severn River on the middle Western Shore of the Chesapeake Bay in 1649 by Puritan exiles from the Province/Dominion of Virginia led by third Proprietary Governor William Stone; the settlers moved to a better-protected harbor on the south shore. The settlement on the south shore was named "Town at Proctor's," "Town at the Severn," and "Anne Arundel's Towne". In 1654, after the Third English Civil War, Parliamentary forces assumed control of the Maryland colony and Stone went into exile further south across the Potomac River in Virginia. Per orders from Charles Calvert, fifth Lord Baltimore, Stone returned the following spring at the head of a Cavalier royalist force, loyal to the King of England. On March 25, 1655, in what is known as the Battle of the Severn, Stone was defeated, taken prisoner, replaced by Lt. Gen. Josias Fendall as fifth Proprietary Governor.
Fendall governed Maryland during the latter half of the Commonwealth period in England. In 1660, he was replaced by Phillip Calvert as fifth/sixth Governor of Maryland, after the restoration of Charles II as King in England. In 1694, soon after the overthrow of the Catholic government of second Royal Governor Thomas Lawrence third Royal Governor Francis Nicholson, moved the capital of the royal colony, the Province of Maryland, to Anne Arundel's Towne and renamed the town Annapolis after Princess Anne of Denmark and Norway, soon to be the Queen Anne of Great Britain. Annapolis was incorporated as a city in 1708.17th-century Annapolis was little more than a village, but it grew for most of the 18th century until the American Revolutionary War as a political and administrative capital, a port of entry, a major center of the Atlantic slave trade. The Maryland Gazette, which became an important weekly journal, was founded there by Jonas Green in 1745. Water trades such as oyster-packing and sailmaking became the city's chief industries.
Annapolis is home to a large number of recreational boats that have replaced the seafood industry in the city. Dr. Alexander Hamilton was a Scottish-born writer who lived and worked in Annapolis. Leo Lemay says his 1744 travel diary Gentleman's Progress: The Itinerarium of Dr. Alexander Hamilton is "the best single portrait of men and manners, of rural and urban life, of the wide range of society and scenery in colonial America." Annapolis became the temporary capital of the United States after the signing of the Treaty of Paris in 1783. Congress was in session in the state house from November 26, 1783 to June 3, 1784, it was in Annapolis on December 23, 1783, that General Washington resigned his commission as commander-in-chief of the Continental Army. For the 1783 Congress, the Governor of Maryland commissioned John Shaw, a local cabinet maker, to create an American flag; the flag is different from other designs of the time. The blue field extends over the entire height of the hoist. Shaw created two versions of the flag: one which started with a red stripe and another that started with a white one.
In 1786, delegates from all states of the Union were invited to meet in Annapolis to consider measures for the better regulation of commerce. Delegates from only five states—New York, Virginia, New Jersey, Delaware—actually attended the convention, known afterward as the "Annapolis Convention." Without proceeding to the business for which they had met, the delegates passed a resolution calling for another convention to meet at Philadelphia in the following year to amend the Articles of Confederation. The Philadelphia convention drafted and approved the Constitution of the United States, still in force. On April 24, 1861, the midshipmen of the Naval Academy relocated their base in Annapolis and were temporarily housed in Newport, Rhode Island until October 1865. In 1861, the first of three camps that were built for holding paroled soldiers was created on the campus of St. John's College; the second location of Camp Parole would