Ermengarde of Hesbaye
Ermengarde of Hesbaye a member of the Robertian dynasty, was Holy Roman Empress from 813 and Queen of the Franks from 814 until her death as the wife of the Carolingian emperor Louis the Pious. Ermengarde was the daughter of Count Ingerman of Rotrude. About 794 Ermengarde married Louis the Pious, son of Charlemagne, who since 781 ruled as a King of Aquitaine, he had fathered two children, Ermengarde may have been his concubine. Ermengarde gave birth to six children: Lothair I, born in Altdorf, Bavaria Pepin I of Aquitaine Adelaide, born ca. 799 Rotrude, born about 800, married Gerard, Count of Auvergne Comte de Auvergne and they had Ranulf I of Poitiers. Hildegard/Matilda, born c.802, abbess of Notre-Dame in Laon Louis the German, King of East FranciaCharlemagne intended to divide his Carolingian Empire between Louis and his brothers Pepin and Charles, who died in quick succession in 810/11. On 10 September 813, Charlemagne designated Louis his successor. Ermengarde's husband became sole ruler as Holy Roman Emperor and King of the Franks upon his father's death on 28 January 814.
The couple was anointed and crowned Emperor and Empress by Pope Stephen IV on 5 October 816 in Reims Cathedral. She died at Angers, Neustria on 3 October 818. A few years after her death, her husband remarried to Judith of Bavaria, who bore him Charles the Bald. McKitterick, Rosamond. Charlemagne: The Formation of a European Identity. Cambridge University Press. Nelson, Janet L.. "The Frankish Kingdoms 814-898:the West". In McKitterick, Rosamond; the New Cambridge Medieval History. Vol. II. Cambridge University Press. Wilson, Katharina M. ed.. Medieval Women Writers. Manchester University Press
Irmgard of Chiemsee
Blessed Irmgard of Chiemsee, a member of the Carolingian dynasty, was the second daughter of King Louis the German and his wife Hemma. She was the first Abbess of Frauenchiemsee from 857 until her death. Born at King Louis' court in Regensburg, young Irmgard, like her sisters, was destined for a monastic life, she was raised at the Benedictine abbey of Buchau in Swabia, whose estates she received from the hands of her father. She was known for her comprehensive education About 850 Louis appointed Irmgard abbess of the Frauenchiemsee monastery, founded by the last Agilolfing duke Tassilo III of Bavaria in 782 and since 788 held the status of an Imperial abbey. During her leadership the decayed premises were restored and the former chapter for noble ladies developed into a Benedictine convent of nuns. Since she was of Imperial descent, the incumbent Abbess of Chiemssee had the right to wear a thin golden hoop, resembling a little crown. Modern-era Abbesses, refrain from doing so. Irmard was venerated in the early 11th century, when Abbot Gerhard had her headreliquary translated to Seeon Abbey in 1004.
However, her cult was recognised only in 1928 by Pope Pius XI, on initiative of Cardinal Michael von Faulhaber. Irmgard was beatified on 17 July 1929, her mortal remains and her skull were re-unified during a festive ceremony in 2003. Her feast day is 16 July. In Frauenchiemsee, Irmengardstag is celebrated the Sunday nearest to 16 July. In paintings Irmgard is portrayed in a Benedictine habit either crowned with Bible and abbot's staff or with heart in her hand. "Selige Irmengard". Frauenwörth. Abtei Frauenwörth. Archived from the original on 10 October 2007. Retrieved 2007-11-16
William I, Duke of Aquitaine
William I, called the Pious, was the Count of Auvergne from 886 and Duke of Aquitaine from 893, succeeding the Poitevin ruler Ebalus Manser. He made numerous monastic foundations, most important among them the foundation of Cluny Abbey on 11 September 910. William was the son of Bernard II of Ermengard. Sometime before 898, he married the Bosonid Engelberga, daughter of Boso of Ermengard. By inheritance, he was the ruler of the Limousin, he conquered Aquitaine in 893 on behalf of Ebalus Manser. He was proclaimed duke, his possessions included the Autunois and Mâconnais. In 910, William founded the Benedictine abbey of Cluny that would become an important political and religious centre. William required no control over the abbey, which he arranged should be responsible directly to the pope; this was striking since most monasteries were owned and the appointment of abbots and officials was left to that family or individual, leading to the appointment of untrained and unordained abbots and officials.
William nominated Cluny's first abbot, Berno of Baume. A sign of William's independence of rule in Aquitaine is that he had a deniers minted in his own name at Brioude, he was buried in the monastery of Saint-Julien there. He had no sons of his own and was succeeded by a nephew, William the Younger, son of his sister Adelinda. Dukes of Aquitaine family tree Notes SourcesNouvelle Biographie Générale. Paris, 1859. Rouche, Michel. "Private life conquers state and society," in A History of Private Life, Vol. I, Paul Veyne, ed. Harvard University Press, 1987. ISBN 0-674-39974-9