Nafplio is a seaport town in the Peloponnese in Greece that has expanded up the hillsides near the north end of the Argolic Gulf. The town was the capital of the First Hellenic Republic and of the Kingdom of Greece, Nafplio is now the capital of the regional unit of Argolis. The name of the town changed several times over the centuries, the modern Greek name of the town is Nafplio. In modern English, the most frequently used forms are Nauplia, during the Classical Antiquity, it was known as Nauplia in Attic Greek and Naupliē in Ionian Greek. In Latin, it was called Nauplia, during the Middle Ages, several variants were used in Byzantine Greek, including Náfplion, Anáplion, and Anáplia. The Ottomans called it Anabolı, in the 19th century and early 20th century, the town was called indiscriminately Náfplion and Nafplio in modern Greek. Both forms were used in documents and travel guides. This explains why the old form Náfplion still occasionally survives up to this day, Nafplio is situated on the Argolic Gulf in the northeast Peloponnese.
Most of the old town is on a peninsula jutting into the gulf, originally almost isolated by marshes, deliberate landfill projects, primarily since the 1970s, have nearly doubled the land area of the city.241 km2, the municipal unit 33.619 km2. The area surrounding Nafplio has been inhabited since ancient times, but few signs of this, aside from the walls of the Acronauplia, the town has been a stronghold on several occasions during Classical Antiquity. It seems to be mentioned on an Egyptian funerary inscription of Amenophis III as Nuplija, the Acronauplia has walls dating from pre-classical times. Subsequently, Franks and Turks added to the fortifications, Nafplio was taken in 1212 by the French crusaders of the Principality of Achaea. It became part of the lordship of Argos and Nauplia, which in 1388 was sold to the Republic of Venice, during the subsequent 150 years, the lower city was expanded and fortified, and new fortifications added to Acronauplia. The city surrendered to the Ottomans in 1540, who renamed it Mora Yenişehri, at that period, Nafplio looked very much like the 16th century image shown below to the right.
The Venetians retook Nafplio in 1685 and made it the capital of their Kingdom of the Morea, the Venetians strengthened the city by building the castle of Palamidi, which was in fact the last major construction of the Venetian empire overseas. However, only 80 soldiers were assigned to defend the city, Palamidi is located on a hill north of the old town. During the Greek War of Independence, it played a major role and it was captured by Staikos Staikopoulos in November 1822. During the Greek War of Independence, Nafplio was a major Ottoman stronghold and was besieged for more than a year, the town finally surrendered because of starvation
Petros Tatoulis is a Greek surgeon and independent politician, currently serving as Regional Governor of the Peloponnese. A long standing Member of the Hellenic Parliament for Nea Dimokratia, when he became a succeedingly vocal critic of his party, he was expelled in 2008. In the 2010 elections, he was popularly elected Regional governor of Peloponnese. Born 1953 in a village in Cynuria, Tatoulis studied medicine at the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens and worked as a surgeon in hospitals in Arcadia, Athens. Following the 1990 legislative election, Petros Tatoulis served for six terms as a Member of the Hellenic Parliament for the Arcadia constituency. In the first Karamanlis cabinet, he was Deputy Minister for Culture under Prime minister Kostas Karamanlis who at the time served as Minister for Culture. He eventually became known as a party rebel though, and fought a number of disputes with his own party. In 2008 he condemned a conflict of interest of Minister of State Theodoros Roussopoulos regarding the role of his wifes job as a journalist and publisher, Prime minister Karamanlis rejected Tatoulis reproaches, Such views are anachronistic, if not medieval, about the role of women in modern society.
He has been a critic in the affair around Christos Zahopoulos whom he had already distrusted when he was Deputy minister. In the 2010 regional election, Tatoulis ran on an independent ticket for the governorship of the Peloponnese region, terms of office of Petros Tatoulis at the Hellenic Parliament
Loutraki-Perachora-Agioi Theodoroi is a municipality in the Corinthia regional unit, Greece. The seat of the municipality is the town Loutraki, the municipality has an area of 294.90 km2. The municipality was formed at the 2011 local government reform by the merger of the former municipalities Agioi Theodoroi and Loutraki-Perachora, initially named Loutraki-Agioi Theodoroi, in January 2014 the municipality was renamed Loutraki-Perachora-Agioi Theodoroi
Kalamata is the second most populous city of the Peloponnese peninsula, after Patras, in southern Greece and the largest city of the homonymous administrative region. The capital and chief port of the Messenia regional unit, it lies along the Nedon River at the head of the Messenian Gulf, the 2011 census recorded 69,849 inhabitants for the wider Kalamata Municipality, of which 62,409 in the municipal unit of Kalamata proper. Kalamata is renowned as the land of the Kalamatianos dance and Kalamata olives, the modern name Kalamáta is a corruption of the older name Καλάμαι, Kalámai, reeds. The phonetic similarity of Kalamáta with the phrase kalá mátia has led to folk etymologies.313 km2. Its territory corresponded with that of the current municipalities Kalamata and West Mani, the history of Kalamata begins with Homer, who mentions Pharai, an ancient city built more or less where the Kalamata Castle stands today. Pharai was rather unimportant in antiquity, and the site continued in obscurity until middle Byzantine times, Kalamata is first mentioned in the 10th-century Life of St.
Prince William II of Villehardouin was born and died there, in the event, the town was recovered by the Franks through the intercession of a local Greek, a certain Sgouromalles. In 1298, the formed the dowry of Princess Matilda of Hainaut upon her marriage to Guy II de la Roche. Matilda retained Kalamata as her fief until 1322, when she was dispossessed, in 1358, Prince Robert gifted the châtellenie of Kalamata to his wife, Marie de Bourbon, who kept it until her death in 1377. Kalamata remained in Frankish hands until near the end of the Principality of Achaea, Kalamata was occupied by the Ottomans from 1481 to 1685, like the rest of Greece. He was soon forced to return to Crete, but the Venetians returned in the Morean War. The Venetian Republic ruled Kalamata from 1685 as part of the Kingdom of the Morea, during the Venetian occupation the city was fortified and thrived economically. However, the Ottomans reoccupied Kalamata in the war of 1715, Kalamata was the first city to be liberated as the Greeks rose in the Greek War of Independence.
On 23 March 1821, it was taken over by the Greek revolutionary forces under the command of generals Theodoros Kolokotronis, Petros Mavromichalis, however, in 1825, the invading Ibrahim Pasha destroyed the city. In independent Greece, Kalamata was rebuilt and became one of the most important ports in the Mediterranean sea and it is not surprising that the second-oldest Chamber of Commerce in the Mediterranean, after that of Marseille, exists in Kalamata. After World War II, and due to issues, Kalamata. That was a brake on the local economy, resulting in the decline of the port. During the 1970s and 1980s, development and growth in Kalamata were unknown, Kalamata was again in the news on 13 September 1986, with an earthquake that measured 6.2 on the surface wave magnitude scale
Nemea is a town in Corinthia and the seat of municipality with the same name. It is located a few kilometres west of ancient Nemea, with a population of four thousand people. The municipality has an area of 204.708 km2 and its primary industry is agriculture and it is the hub for several small villages circling it, including Koutsi and Leriza. Nemea is famous for its many wines grown on the plains that surround it and it is home to DK Distributors, one of the largest distribution companies in Eastern Europe. Located next to the new town of Nemea, appx,30 kilometers from Corinth, the appellation of Nemea is the most important red wine AOC of southern Greece and arguably of all of Greece. In Nemea, the indigenous Greek Agiorgitiko grape is used and produces wines famous for their red color, complex aroma and long
Gortynia is a municipality in the Arcadia regional unit, Greece. The seat of the municipality is the town Dimitsana, the municipality has an area of 1,050.882 km2. Its territory corresponded with that of the current municipality Gortynia and the municipal unit Gortyna
Argolis or the Argolid is one of the regional units of Greece. It is part of the region of Peloponnese, situated in the part of the Peloponnese peninsula and part of the tripoint area of Argolis. Much of the territory of region is situated in the Argolid Peninsula. Most arable land lies in the part of Argolis. Its primary agricultural resources are oranges and olives, Argolis has a coastline on the Saronic Gulf in the northeast and on the Argolic Gulf in the south and southeast. Notable mountains ranges are the Oligyrtos in the northwest and Ktenia in the west, Argolis has land borders with Arcadia to the west and southwest, Corinthia to the north, and the Islands regional unit to the east. Parts of the history of the area can be found in the articles on Argos, Epidaurus, Troezen, Kranidi, from 1833 to 1899, Argolis was part of Argolidocorinthia, which included present Corinthia, Hydra and Kythira. It joined Corinthia to form Argolidocorinthia again in 1909, forty years later, in 1949, Argolis was finally separated from Corinthia.
The regional unit Argolis is subdivided into 4 municipalities and these are, Argos-Mykines Epidaurus Ermionida Nafplio As a part of the 2011 Kallikratis government reform, the regional unit Argolis was created out of the former prefecture Argolis. The prefecture had the territory as the present regional unit
The Kallikratis Programme is the common name of Greek law 3852/2010, a major administrative reform in Greece. It brought upon the major reform of the countrys administrative divisions after the 1997 Kapodistrias reform. Named after ancient Greek architect Callicrates, the programme was presented by the socialist Papandreou cabinet and was adopted by the Hellenic Parliament in May 2010, the programmes implementation started with the November 2010 local elections and was completed by January 2011. With a median of just 4,661.5 inhabitants and this included 88 communities with a population of less than 1000, down to Gramos with just 28 inhabitants. Though strengthened by the 1990s reforms, the prefectural second-tier level however did not meet expectations, largely subverted by an uncoordinated but convergent anti-reform opposition, the reformed prefectures lost a number of important competences following court decisions. The numerous controversies largely undermined public trust in the prefectural level, in a late implementation of a provision that was already part of the Kapodistrias plan, the 147 provinces as subunits of the 51 prefectures, were however abolished in 2007.
The thirteen regions were planned to be combined to just six major programmatic supra-regions that were expected to more successfully compete for European structural funding, putting administrative efficiency first, the top-down reform plan was criticized as subordinating questions of legitimacy and participation. Rather than being opposed by the opposition, the plan faced obstruction by the more conservative camp within the governing party. Following the landslide victory of the socialist PASOK in the early 2009 legislative election, the Kallikratis plan was presented to the public in January 2010, inmidst the beginnings of the Greek financial crisis. While in terms of figures rather similar to the failed New Democracy plans, it wasnt confined to reducing the number of administrative entities. At the same time, the programme aimed at reducing local government employees by 50%, amalgamation of communities led to a number of pre-2007 provinces being reinstated as municipalities. Altogether, Greek municipalities now reached a size of 31.000 inhabitants.
To improve public transparency, local authorities are now obliged to make public all their decisions via the internet. Furthermore, a Local Ombudsman was established to both citizens and enterprises in coping with local administrations. New Financial Committees and Executive Committees were established to help professionalize financial accounting, in communities with more than 10.000 residents, a Committee for the quality of life and a Consultation Committee is established. Aimed at improving local allocation of resources, the Consultation Committee consists of representatives of local stakeholders such as businesses, trade unions, chambers. At the same time the programme abolished the 51 self-governing prefectures, the former prefectures competences were transferred to the 13 NUTS 2-level administrative regions. Originally introduced in 1987, the regions had been strengthened in 1993 as intermediate administrative units for regional planning, under the Kallikratis Programme, these regions became self-governing, separate entities with a regional council and a regional governor, both popularly elected
Corinthia is one of the regional units of Greece. It is part of the region of Peloponnese and it is situated around the city of Corinth, in the north-eastern part of the Peloponnese peninsula. Corinthia borders on Achaea to the west and southwest, the Gulf of Corinth and Attica to the north, the Corinth Canal, carrying ship traffic between the Ionian and the Aegean seas, is about 4 km east of Corinth, cutting through the Isthmus of Corinth. More faults are near Kiras Vrysi and Sofiko, the eastern coastlands of Corinthia are made up of pastures and farmlands where olives, grapes and vegetables are cultivated. The rest of Corinthia is mountainous and its tallest mountain is Kyllini in its west and the largest lake is Lake Stymphalos situated in the southwest. The reservoir will become one of the largest lakes after its completion, the climate of Corinthia consists of hot summers and mild winters in the coastal areas and somewhat colder winters with occasional snowfalls in the mountainous areas.
The regional unit Corinthia is subdivided into 6 municipalities, the prefecture had the same territory as the present regional unit. At the same time, the municipalities were reorganised, according to the table below and it included Hydra and Kythira. Argolis joined Corinthia to reform Argolidocorinthia again in 1909, forty years later, in 1949, the prefecture was finally separated from Argolis. The highway was first paved at the turn of the 20th century, the mid to late-20th century saw the population shifting from agriculture to other jobs, as people migrated to larger towns and cities as well as other parts of the world. In the 1960s, the motorway GR-8A was constructed to handle the traffic between Corinth and Athens and allow higher speed limits. The section from the old Corinth interchange eastward in Corinthia was opened in 1962, the new highway had a significant effect on the local industry, as it lowered the cost of transportation of goods between Corinthia and the Athens metropolitan area.
In late 2006, the prefect of Corinthia announced the construction of a new dam, to be located 5 to 7 km south of Kiato and Sicyon, near Stimanika and it will be the second largest body of water in Corinthia. The dam will be designed to withstand earthquakes and natural disasters, on July 17,2007, a forest fire struck the area around the historic Acrocorinth and its castle. The main sources of income are goods and services, tourism, several major roadways are situated within Corinthia