Evansville is a city and the county seat of Vanderburgh County, United States. The population was 117,429 at the 2010 census, making it the state's third-most populous city after Indianapolis and Fort Wayne, the largest city in Southern Indiana, the 232nd-most populous city in the United States, it is the commercial and cultural hub of Southwestern Indiana and the Illinois-Indiana-Kentucky tri-state area, home to over 911,000 people. The 38th parallel crosses the north side of the city and is marked on Interstate 69. Situated on an oxbow in the Ohio River, the city is referred to as the "Crescent Valley" or "River City"; as a testament to the Ohio's grandeur, early French explorers named it La Belle Rivière. The area has been inhabited by various indigenous cultures for millennia, dating back at least 10,000 years. Angel Mounds was a permanent settlement of the Mississippian culture from 1000 AD to around 1400 AD; the European-American city was founded in 1812. Four NYSE companies are headquartered in Evansville, along with the global operations center for NYSE company Mead Johnson.
Three other companies traded on the NASDAQ are headquartered in Evansville. The city is home to public and private enterprise in many areas, as Evansville serves as the region's economic hub. A tourist destination, Evansville is home to the state's first casino; the city has several educational institutions. The University of Evansville is a small private school on the city's east side, while the University of Southern Indiana is a larger public institution just outside the city's westside limits; the Indiana University School of Medicine maintains a campus in Evansville. Other local educational institutions include the nationally ranked Signature School and the Evansville Vanderburgh Public Library. In 2008, Evansville was voted the best city in the country in which "to live and play" by the readers of Kiplinger, in 2009 as the 11th best. See main article: History of Evansville, Indiana. There was a continuous human presence in the area that became Evansville from at least 8,000 BC by Paleo-Indians.
Archaeologists have identified several archaic and ancient sites in and near Evansville, with the most complex at Angel Mounds. This was built and occupied from about 900 A. D. to about 1600 A. D. just before the arrival of Europeans to North America. Following the abandonment of Angel Mounds between the years 1400 and 1450, tribes of the historic Miami, Piankeshaw, Wyandot and other Native American peoples were known to be in the area. French hunters and trappers were among the first Europeans to come to the area, using Vincennes as a base of operations for fur trading; the land encompassing Evansville was formally relinquished by the Delaware in 1805 to General William Henry Harrison governor of the Indiana Territory. On March 27, 1812, Hugh McGary Jr. purchased about 441 acres and named it "McGary's Landing". In 1814, to attract more people, McGary renamed his village "Evansville" in honor of Colonel Robert Morgan Evans. Evansville incorporated in 1817 and was designated as the county seat on January 7, 1818.
The county was named for Henry Vanderburgh, a deceased chief judge of the Indiana Territorial Supreme Court. Evansville became a thriving commercial town with a river trade, the town began to expand outside of its original footprint. Evansville's west side was for many years cut off from the city's main part by Pigeon Creek and the factories that developed along it, making the creek an industrial corridor; the land comprising the former town of Lamasco was platted in 1837 and was annexed in 1870. Evansville's economy received a boost in the early 1830s when Indiana unveiled plans to build the longest canal in the world, a 400-mile ditch to connect the Great Lakes at Toledo, Ohio with the inland rivers at Evansville; the project was intended to open Indiana to commerce and improve transportation from New Orleans to New York City. The project was so poorly engineered that it would not hold water. By the time the Wabash and Erie Canal was finished in 1853, Evansville's first railroad, Evansville & Crawfordsville Railroad, was opened to Terre Haute.
The expansion of railroads in this territory had made the canal obsolete. Only two flat barges made the entire trip; the canal basin at Fifth and Court street in downtown Evansville became the site of a new courthouse in 1891. The era of Evansville's greatest growth occurred in the second half of the 19th century, following the disruptions of the Civil War; the city was a major stop for steamboats along the Ohio River, it was the home port for a number of companies engaged in trade via the river. Coal mining and hardwood lumber was a major source of economic activity. By 1900 Evansville was one of the world's largest hardwood furniture centers, with 41 factories employing 2,000 workers. Railroads became more important and in 1887 the L&N Railroad constructed a bridge across the Ohio River. Along with a major rail yard southwest of Evansville in Howell, annexed in 1916 and completed the city's counterclockwise march around the horseshoe bend. Throughout this period Evansville's main ethnic groups consisted of Protestant Scotch-Irish from the South, Catholic Irish coming for canal or railroad work, New England businessmen, Germans fleeing Europe after the 1848 revolutions, freedmen from Western Kentucky.
By the U. S. census of 1890 Evansville ranked as the 56th-largest urban area in the United States, but it was surpassed in population by other cities
Ernie Haase & Signature Sound
Ernie Haase & Signature Sound is a Southern gospel quartet founded in 2002 by Ernie Haase, former Cathedral Quartet tenor, Garry Jones, former Gold City pianist. In 2015, it consists of Devin McGlamery, Paul Harkey and Ernie Haase; as of June 2015 when Doug Anderson departed the group, Ernie Haase is the only member from the group's inception: the lineup of the band has changed several times. The band has released 9 DVDs, which feature other Christian artists; the Cathedral Quartet announced their farewell tour in 1999. Lead singer Glen Payne died on October 1999 before the end of the tour. Upon request of Glen Payne, the remaining members finished the tour with pianist Roger Bennett performing Payne's vocals. Following the tour Bennett and baritone Scott Fowler formed Legacy Five while Ernie Haase continued his solo career. Former Cathedrals bass George Younce and Jake Hess, along with Bill Gaither formed The Old Friends Quartet with Ernie Haase, Wesley Pritchard, Garry Jones; the Old Friends Quartet disbanded after about two years on the road, as Hess and Younce's ill health prevented them from doing much traveling.
Haase, along with Jones, continued quartet singing and wished to create a quartet with a modern image and attitude, but traditional in sound. Haase and Jones, together with lead singer Shane Dunlap, baritone Doug Anderson, bass singer Tim Duncan formed the Signature Sound Quartet, they recorded three albums, Stand by Me released in April 2002, followed by Building a Bridge and Glory To His Name in 2003. They participated in their first live concert at Reardon Auditorium, in Anderson, Indiana, on February 21, 2003. Shane Dunlap left Signature Sound to start a solo career after release of their third album Glory to His Name in 2003. Wesley Pritchard took Dunlap's position. Jones and Haase dissolved their business relationship after the first year and Roy Webb was chosen as pianist, they found Ryan Seaton and hired him as the new lead singer. Haase's father-in-law George Younce became co-owner of the quartet and helped the group have an affiliation with the Gaither Music Group, they released their fourth album, The Ground is Level, followed by Great Love in 2004.
In 2004, the group changed its name to Ernie Haase and Signature Sound in order to avoid confusion with other titled regional groups. They released their self-titled album in October 2005, they signed with the Gaither Music Group and became regular performers with the Gaither Homecoming tours and videos. In May 2007, pianist Roy Webb left the band to be with his father, dying of cancer. On May 29, 2007, it was announced, it was announced that Gordon Mote would be the group's piano player during their Get Away Jordan summer tour supporting their album Get Away, Jordan released in January 2007. Singer and producer Bill Gaither began scheduling a second series of concerts with only Signature Sound and the Gaither Vocal Band appearing together. Due in part to the popularity of these concerts, the two groups decided to record a single album together, entitled Together, which debuted in October 2007. On the DVD, it was hinted that future collaborations between Signature Sound and the Vocal Band were upcoming.
Producer and songwriter Wayne Haun has served as their pianist since their 2008 Summer tour. The group's next project was entitled; this was filmed in Chicago, at the Navy Pier Ballroom. In October 2009 a new Christmas album, the group's second such album, was released entitled Every Light That Shines at Christmas. In September 2009, following a three-year hiatus from the National Quartet Convention and Signature Sound returned to performing there along with the rest of the Gaither Homecoming performers. Haase failed to appear with former Cathedrals members Scott Fowler, Gerald Wolfe, Mark Trammell and Danny Funderburk for a NQC special showcase presentation called The Cathedrals Remembered, a tribute concert at the convention in which the former Cathedral members joined forces to sing many old Cathedral songs and to honor George Younce and Glen Payne. Haase had to leave NQC early, prior to the taping. In January 2009, Ernie Haase announced a Cathedrals tribute tour was next on the quartet's agenda and the group started touring with a live band that included Wayne Haun on the piano, David Griffith on the bass, Kelly Vaughan on electric guitar and Zak Shumate on the drums.
On December 28, 2009, Ernie announced that Ryan Seaton was leaving the quartet to pursue other interests and that former Karen Peck and New River lead/tenor Devin McGlamery would be joining as the new lead singer, they released A Tribute to the Cathedral Quartet in October 2010. On January 18, 2011, it was announced that bass singer Tim Duncan had left, Ian Owens had joined the group as the new bass singer for the group; the group released a new project called "Here We Are Again" in February 2012. In October 2012, Ian Owens announced his resignation and joined Soul'd Out Quartet, Paul Harkey joined as the new bass singer. In April 2015, Doug Anderson announced in a video with Haase that he will be stepping down from his position in Signature Sound to pursue a full-time solo career. Anderson had been with the group as its baritone singer since its inception in 2002, a total of 13 years, it was announced that Dustin Doyle of Beyond The Ashes will be replacing Anderson in the Baritone part. Stand by Me Building a Bridge – Great Quartet Songs of the Last Century Vol.
I Glory to His Name – Great Quartet Songs of the Last Century Vol. II The Ground is Level –
Jake Hess was an American Grammy Award-winning southern gospel singer. The son of "a sharecropper, a shape-note singing-school teacher," Hess was born in Mt. Pisgah, near Athens, in Limestone County, Alabama, his parents were Lydia Hess. He was the youngest of 12 children. Hess's entry on the Encyclopedia of Alabama's website says of his name: "His parents did not name him, so the attending physician entered his name as'Man Child' Hess in official documents."When he registered with the draft board in Lincoln, Nebraska, he gave his name as "William Jesse Hess." In 1997, when Hess was preparing to get a passport to travel overseas, he discovered that his birth certificate read Manchild Hess. His son, Jake Jr. named his recording company Manchild Records in honor of his father. Hess' career started at the age of 16, when he joined the popular John Daniel Quartet in 1943, making his recorded debut on "Just a Prayer Away". After that, he sang with three of his brothers as the Hess Brothers Quartet.
He sang with the Sunny South Quartet and their rival, the Melody Masters Quartet. In the latter part of his life, Hess sang with The Old Friends Quartet, featured on the Bill Gaither Homecoming videos. Hess sang lead with the Statesmen Quartet from 1948 until 1963, their recordings included projects long-term with RCA Victor. In 1977-1978 Hess reunited with the surviving members of The Statesmen Quartet, Hovie Lister, Doy Ott, Rosie Rozell to record three projects, including "Songs Elvis Loved"; the reunited Statesmen had sung at Elvis's funeral. In the fall of 1980, Hess and Rozell assembled a new group with James Blackwood and J. D. Sumner; as a result the southern gospel group the Masters V was born. They toured from 1981 until 1988 when illnesses prompted several of the members to retire from full-time singing. Upon leaving the Statesmen Quartet at the end of 1963, Hess formed the Imperials. Although they were not accepted by his peers because of their innovative use of electric guitars and drums, they went on to become pioneers in Contemporary Christian Music, would be inducted into the Gospel Music Hall of Fame.
They backed Elvis Presley from 1966 to 1971. Elvis has been quoted as noting Hess as his favorite singer. Hess left the Imperials in 1967 due to health problems. Hess sang with his children and Chris, in a group he named "The Jake Hess Sound". In the late 1970s, Hess and his son Chris were featured singers on the television broadcasts of evangelist Dr. Gene Scott. Jake Hess was an idol of Presley, was a major influence, sang at Elvis's funeral. Hess sang backup on several albums that were recorded by Elvis. Jake Hess was a noted soloist in his own right, he had won several Grammy Awards on RCA Victor as a solo artist. His last 12 years, he appeared on the Gaither Homecoming concerts and videos; these videos featured Hess from noted concerts in the U. S. at the Kennedy Center, the Ryman Auditorium, Hawaiian islands and Europe. Hess had The Jake Hess Show on WLAC in Nashville and performed in the Old Time Singing Convention. Hess and Joyce McWaters were married on October 5, 1952, they had three children.
Jake Hess, Jr. has become a well-known southern gospel songwriter, in addition to being married to Judy Martin of The Martins. In 1989 Jake's nephew Steve Hess & Eugene Baker were in Nashville to record several segments on Bobby Jones Gospel. Jake liked what he heard. While visiting with Jake in Brentwood, Jake asked if they would be interested in forming with him a new version of Jake Hess & Friends; the group would consist of Jake, Eugene & Chris, Jake's son. They started rehearsals in Jake's family room and started touring in the year. There were several dates in Missouri and Florida, but Jake determined that the travelling was going to be more demanding than he anticipated, so by 1990 the tours were put on hold with the possibility of doing something with television. Jake Hess III continues the family's musical heritage by singing in the acclaimed The Voices of Lee, part of Lee University in Cleveland, TN. In 1995, Hess's autobiography, Nothin' but Fine: The Music and the Gospel According to Jake Hess, was published by Buckland Press.
Hess died January 4, 2004, in Opelika, Alabama after suffering a heart attack December 14, 2003, just days after a performance in Atlanta, Georgia. He was survived by two sons, 10 grandchildren, one great-grandchild and a sister. 1968: Grammy Award for Best Sacred Performance for "Beautiful Isle Of Somewhere" 1969: Grammy for Best Sacred Performance for "Ain't That Beautiful Singing" 1970: Grammy for Best Sacred Performance for "Everything Is Beautiful" 1981: Grammy for Best Gospel Performance, Traditional for "The Masters V" 1987: Inducted into the Gospel Music Association's Gospel Music Hall of Fame 1995: Inducted into the Alabama Music Hall of Fame, with a John Herbert Orr Pioneer Award 1997: Inducted into the Southern Gospel Music Association's Hall of Fame. 1998: Inducted into the Gospel Music Association's Gospel Music Hall of Fame as a member of The Imperials 1962: The Great Voice of Jake Hess 1968: The Incomparable Jake Hess 1968: Beautiful Isle of Somewhere 1969: Ain't That Beautiful Singing 1969: Spiritual Reflections 1970: Everything Is Beautiful 1981: I'm Gonna Keep On Singing 1996: Terry & Jake 2001: All of Me 2005: Gotta Get a God Said 1957: The Statesmen Quartet with Hovie List
MusicBrainz is a project that aims to create an open data music database, similar to the freedb project. MusicBrainz was founded in response to the restrictions placed on the Compact Disc Database, a database for software applications to look up audio CD information on the Internet. MusicBrainz has expanded its goals to reach beyond a compact disc metadata storehouse to become a structured open online database for music. MusicBrainz captures information about artists, their recorded works, the relationships between them. Recorded works entries capture at a minimum the album title, track titles, the length of each track; these entries are maintained by volunteer editors. Recorded works can store information about the release date and country, the CD ID, cover art, acoustic fingerprint, free-form annotation text and other metadata; as of 21 September 2018, MusicBrainz contained information about 1.4 million artists, 2 million releases, 19 million recordings. End-users can use software that communicates with MusicBrainz to add metadata tags to their digital media files, such as FLAC, MP3, Ogg Vorbis or AAC.
MusicBrainz allows contributors to upload cover art images of releases to the database. Internet Archive provides the bandwidth and legal protection for hosting the images, while MusicBrainz stores metadata and provides public access through the web and via an API for third parties to use; as with other contributions, the MusicBrainz community is in charge of maintaining and reviewing the data. Cover art is provided for items on sale at Amazon.com and some other online resources, but CAA is now preferred because it gives the community more control and flexibility for managing the images. Besides collecting metadata about music, MusicBrainz allows looking up recordings by their acoustic fingerprint. A separate application, such as MusicBrainz Picard, must be used for this. In 2000, MusicBrainz started using Relatable's patented TRM for acoustic fingerprint matching; this feature allowed the database to grow quickly. However, by 2005 TRM was showing scalability issues as the number of tracks in the database had reached into the millions.
This issue was resolved in May 2006 when MusicBrainz partnered with MusicIP, replacing TRM with MusicDNS. TRMs were phased out and replaced by MusicDNS in November 2008. In October 2009 MusicIP was acquired by AmpliFIND; some time after the acquisition, the MusicDNS service began having intermittent problems. Since the future of the free identification service was uncertain, a replacement for it was sought; the Chromaprint acoustic fingerprinting algorithm, the basis for AcoustID identification service, was started in February 2010 by a long-time MusicBrainz contributor Lukáš Lalinský. While AcoustID and Chromaprint are not MusicBrainz projects, they are tied with each other and both are open source. Chromaprint works by analyzing the first two minutes of a track, detecting the strength in each of 12 pitch classes, storing these 8 times per second. Additional post-processing is applied to compress this fingerprint while retaining patterns; the AcoustID search server searches from the database of fingerprints by similarity and returns the AcoustID identifier along with MusicBrainz recording identifiers if known.
Since 2003, MusicBrainz's core data are in the public domain, additional content, including moderation data, is placed under the Creative Commons CC-BY-NC-SA-2.0 license. The relational database management system is PostgreSQL; the server software is covered by the GNU General Public License. The MusicBrainz client software library, libmusicbrainz, is licensed under the GNU Lesser General Public License, which allows use of the code by proprietary software products. In December 2004, the MusicBrainz project was turned over to the MetaBrainz Foundation, a non-profit group, by its creator Robert Kaye. On 20 January 2006, the first commercial venture to use MusicBrainz data was the Barcelona, Spain-based Linkara in their Linkara Música service. On 28 June 2007, BBC announced that it has licensed MusicBrainz's live data feed to augment their music Web pages; the BBC online music editors will join the MusicBrainz community to contribute their knowledge to the database. On 28 July 2008, the beta of the new BBC Music site was launched, which publishes a page for each MusicBrainz artist.
Amarok – KDE audio player Banshee – multi-platform audio player Beets – automatic CLI music tagger/organiser for Unix-like systems Clementine – multi-platform audio player CDex – Microsoft Windows CD ripper Demlo – a dynamic and extensible music manager using a CLI iEatBrainz – Mac OS X deprecated foo_musicbrainz component for foobar2000 – Music Library/Audio Player Jaikoz – Java mass tag editor Max – Mac OS X CD ripper and audio transcoder Mp3tag – Windows metadata editor and music organizer MusicBrainz Picard – cross-platform album-oriented tag editor MusicBrainz Tagger – deprecated Microsoft Windows tag editor puddletag – a tag editor for PyQt under the GPLv3 Rhythmbox music player – an audio player for Unix-like systems Sound Juicer – GNOME CD ripper Zortam Mp3 Media Studio – Windows music organizer and ID3 Tag Editor. Freedb clients can access MusicBrainz data through the freedb protocol by using the MusicBrainz to FreeDB gateway service, mb2freedb. List of online music databases Making Metadata: The Case of Mus
Christian music is music, written to express either personal or a communal belief regarding Christian life and faith. Common themes of Christian music include praise, worship and lament, its forms vary across the world. Like other forms of music the creation, performance and the definition of Christian music varies according to culture and social context. Christian music is composed and performed for many purposes, ranging from aesthetic pleasure, religious or ceremonial purposes, or with a positive message as an entertainment product for the marketplace. Among the most prevalent uses of Christian music are in other gatherings. Most Christian music involves singing, whether by the whole congregation, or by a specialized subgroup—such as a soloist, trio, madrigal, choir, or worship band— or both, it is accompanied by instruments, but some denominations or congregations still prefer unaccompanied or a cappella singing. Some groups, such as the Bruderhof, sing songs both with religious and non-religious meanings and words.
For them, the act of singing is important. One of the earliest forms of worship music in the church was the Gregorian chant. Pope Gregory I, while not the inventor of chant, was acknowledged as the first person to order such music in the church, hinting the name "Gregorian" chant; the chant reform took place around 590–604 CE. The Gregorian chant was known for its monophonic sound. Believing that complexity had a tendency to create cacophony, which ruined the music, Gregory I kept things simple with the chant. In the West, the majority of Christian denominations use instruments such as an organ, electronic keyboard, guitar, or other accompaniment, by a band or orchestra, to accompany the singing, but some churches have not used instruments, citing their absence from the New Testament. During the last century or so several of these groups have revised this stance; the singing of the Eastern Orthodox is generally unaccompanied, though in the United States organs are sometimes used as a result of Western influence.
Some worship music may be unsung instrumental. During the Baroque period in Europe, the chorale prelude was used composed by using a popular hymn tune thematically, a wide corpus of other solo organ music began to develop across Europe; some of the most well-known exponents of such organ compositions include Johann Sebastian Bach, Dieterich Buxtehude, George Frideric Handel, François Couperin, César Franck and Charles-Marie Widor to name a few. Up to the present time, various composers have written instrumental music as acts of worship, including well known organ repertoire by composers like Olivier Messiaen, Louis Vierne, Maurice Duruflé, Jean Langlais; the church sonata and other sacred instrumental musical forms developed from the Baroque period onwards. From the latter half of the 20th century to the present day in Western Christendom—especially in the United States and in other countries with evangelical churches—various genres of music often related to pop rock, have been created under the label of Contemporary Christian Music for home-listening and concert use.
It can be divided into several genres and subgenres, although the dividing lines and relationships between music genres are subtle, sometimes open to individual interpretation, controversial. These genres like other forms of music may be distinguished by the techniques, the styles, the context and the themes, or geographical origin. Specific subgenres of CCM may include: Christian country music, Christian pop, Christian rock, Christian metal, Christian hardcore, Christian punk, Christian alternative rock and Christian hip hop. Called Christian pop or gospel in a generalized form, this is a new musical movement and has now evolved into a large number of musical genres by region that comes in a Christian context; this movement appeared as a form of evangelization for the young but the genre is best known and seen in the Evangelical or Protestant proselytizing movements using rhythms similar to those in secular music. CCM is not a musical genre like the other genres; when a song is identified as "Christian" it takes into account the lyrics and the songwriters and performers, rather than musical style.
Therefore, one can say that CCM is diverse and there are Christian songs that are sung to the rhythm of salsa, rock, hip-hop or rap, pop, singer-songwriters and extreme music such as punk or heavy metal. In the 1980s and 1990s, contemporary Christian music played a significant role in Evangelical Christian worship. A great variety of musical styles has developed traditional praise. Similar developments took place in other language, for example the German Neues Geistliches Lied and Korean Contemporary Christian music. Christian music is supported by a segment of the general music industry which evolved as a parallel structure to the same. Beginning in the 1970s and developing out of the Jesus movement, the Christian music industry subsequently developed into a near-billion dollar enterprise. By the 1990s the genre had eclipsed classical and new-age music, artists began gaining acceptance in the general market. Today, Christian music is available through most available media. Christian music is broadcast over television, or the Internet.
Christian Albums and video recordings have b
Newburgh is a town in Ohio Township, Warrick County, United States, located just east of Evansville, along the Ohio River. The population was 3,325 at the 2010 census, although the town is part of the larger Evansville metropolitan area which recorded a population of 342,815, Ohio Township, which Newburgh shares with nearby Chandler, has a population of 37,749 in the 2010 Census; the area has been inhabited by various cultures for millennia dating back at least 10,000 years. Angel Mounds was a permanent settlement of the Mississippian culture from 1000 AD to around 1400 AD. By 1850 Newburgh was one of the larger riverports between Cincinnati and New Orleans, it was the first town north of the Mason–Dixon line to be captured by Confederate forces during the Newburgh Raid as part of the American Civil War. Shortly after the mid-nineteenth century Newburgh's growth leveled off until an economic boom of the 1960s and 1970s resulted in substantial growth as a bedroom community for families looking for new housing developments near Evansville.
Today, Newburgh is locally known for its charming, historic downtown district that features a number of specialty stores, antique shops, quaint dining establishments along its riverfront. Due to its top-rated schools and family-friendly atmosphere, the town remains a popular residential community for people working in or near Evansville; as a town situated on the fertile banks of the Ohio River, Newburgh has a long and rich history of human activity. Western explorers first arrived in the area in the 17th century, but for centuries prior to that it had been inhabited by the Shawnee and was near the center of prehistoric Mississippian culture as late as 1450 A. D. Evidence of this prehistoric society remains today at Angel Mounds, a National Historic Landmark, Ellerbusch Site, both two miles west of Newburgh; the principal founders of Newburgh are Abner Luce. Sprinkle, a businessman of German descent, landed in Newburgh in the spring of 1803, thirteen years before Indiana entered the Union as the 19th state.
He secured land grants in 1818 platted what became known as Sprinklesburgh. It was the first town in Warrick County; the original plat of Sprinklesburgh consisted of about 12 blocks west of today's downtown Newburgh. Abner Luce founded Newburgh directly to the east of Sprinklesburgh in 1829. In 1841 Luce's plat was merged with Sprinkelsburgh and the name of the town was changed to Newburgh. However, it was Samuel Short's land, a strip on the block west of State Street, that now has some of the most visible and important land in today's downtown Newburgh. Early on in its history Newburgh enjoyed prosperity. By 1850, the town had grown to be one of the largest riverports on the Ohio-Mississippi River between Cincinnati and New Orleans. Much of its growth in this time period was due to coal mining and its beneficial location on the Ohio River; the first underground mine shaft in Indiana was sunk in Newburgh in 1850. However, when the national railway system came to southern Indiana, it bypassed Newburgh in favor of Evansville, beginning a permanent shift in regional economic dominance.
According to a number of historical sources, Newburgh was a prominent stop on the Underground Railroad between the mouth of the Little Pigeon River and Lake Michigan. On July 18, 1862, Newburgh was the first town north of the Mason-Dixon line to be captured by the Confederate forces during the American Civil War in what would come to be known as the Newburgh Raid. Colonel Adam "Stovepipe" Johnson, with a partisan band, crossed the Ohio River and confiscated supplies and ammunition without a shot being fired; the Confederates would have been unable to shell. The Confederates' "cannons" were an assemblage of a stove pipe, a charred log, wagon wheels; the raid convinced the federal government that it was necessary to supply Indiana with a permanent force of regular Union Army soldiers to counter future raids. Many of the structures used in this raid are still standing, including The Exchange Hotel. Newburgh's economy benefited from the construction of the Lock and Dam 47 in the 1920s, its replacement in 1974 with the Newburgh Lock and Dam.
The town has benefited from the arrival, expansions, of the Aluminum Company of America in the 1950s and the 1970s. Many of Newburgh's residents are commuters to businesses and industry in Evansville and surrounding areas. In 1994, Newburgh leaders planned to annex large areas that would have extended town limits to Frame Road and SR 66. From a planning perspective, this would have given Newburgh the ability to plan land use for large open, undeveloped areas. However, by 2001 the town's leadership shifted its focus away from annexation toward planning in the well-established current town limits. On November 6, 2005, the Evansville Tornado of November 2005 caused 25 deaths in nearby Evansville. Newburgh suffered extensive property damage and some injuries, but suffered no fatalities during the 2:06 AM strike; the Old Newburgh Presbyterian Church and Original Newburgh Historic District are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Newburgh is located at 37°56′48″N 87°24′13″W. According to the 2010 census, Newburgh has a total area of all land.
Plans to expand town limits through annexation have been abandoned in favor of planning and development within the current town limits. Newburgh faces the Ohio River along its southern boundary. Much of the town is protected from flood risk by dams completed in the 1960s. Notable landmarks on the west side is the Angel Mounds Historic Site, a burial site believed to be abandoned a few hundred years ago
George Wilson Younce was an American bass singer, known for performing with Southern gospel quartets The Cathedrals. Born in Patterson, North Carolina, Younce was the youngest of four siblings, his father was his biggest influence when young Younce decided he wanted to be a singer.:12 In 1936, the Younce family moved to Lenoir, North Carolina.:20 At the age of 15 in his hometown, George received his first taste of Southern Gospel music. As a teenager, Younce joined his first quartet, known as the Spiritualaires; when his voice changed, he switched to the bass part. Over the next decade he traveled with such groups as the Homeland Harmony Quartet, The Weatherfords, the Florida Boys, the Blue Ridge Quartet. In September 1963, the "Cathedral Trio", became the official vocal group of Rex Humbard's "Cathedral of Tomorrow" in Akron, Ohio.:153 In November 1964, Younce joined forces with lead singer Glen Payne, Tenor Bobby Clark and Baritone/Piano Player Danny Koker to form the "Cathedral Quartet" out of the "Cathedral Trio".:159 They toured the world for 36 years.
Younce performed on the Gaither Homecoming Tour, at Radio City Music Hall and Carnegie Hall in New York City, at the Billy Graham Crusades in Cleveland and Nashville, Tennessee. His television appearances include the "Rex Humbard Hour", the "Gospel Singing Jubilee", the “Bill Gaither Homecoming Hour”, NBC’s Today Show, The Nashville Network, “Prime Time Country”, “The Statler Brothers Show”. Younce was a 14-time recipient of the Singing News Fan Award for “Favorite Southern Gospel Bass” singer, he was Gospel Music’s "Living Legend" of the year in 1988, was inducted into the "Southern Gospel Music Hall of Fame" located in Dollywood in 1998 inducted in the Gospel Music Hall of Fame in 1999. He was awarded the 2004 SGN Scoops Diamond “Lifetime Achievement Award”, he recorded well over 100 projects including the award-winning “Symphony of Praise” with the London Philharmonic Orchestra. George wrote several Southern Gospel songs including the classic "Yesterday". In 1998, George recorded the first of three solo projects.
Two were GMA nominees for Dove Awards in the Southern Gospel Album of the Year category. The third presents a collection of some of Younce's favorite hymns. With the passing of his long-time friend and Cathedrals partner Glen Payne in October 1999, George’s failing kidneys, the Cathedrals retired in December 1999. In the fall of 2000 George appeared for the first time without the Cathedrals as a solo performer in Parkersburg, West Virginia on a show called "An Evening with George Younce and Ernie Haase". Late in his career, he sang with The Old Friends Quartet, which included his son-in-law, former Cathedral tenor Ernie Haase and Southern Gospel legend Jake Hess and baritone Wesley Pritchard and pianist Garry Jones. George provided the voice for some of the characters in several of the Bill Gaither produced "Gaither's Pond" children's videos. Although he had to stop touring, he did make occasional "special appearances" with son-in-law Ernie's new quartet Ernie Haase and Signature Sound, with his friend Bill Gaither and the Homecoming Tour.
Younce suffered from heart trouble as well as kidney failure, was on dialysis during the last years of his life. He died April 2005 at Akron City Hospital in Ohio, he and his wife, would have celebrated their 50th wedding anniversary April 27. SGMA Hall Of Fame GMA Hall Of Fame Singing News Fan Awards: Favorite Male Singer Favorite Bass Singer 1997: I Believe 1998: That Says It All 2000: Out Front 2000: Day By Day 2004: This Is George Younce 2005: A Tribute To George Younce????: Poetic Reflections Better Days Glory Hallelujah I'm On My Way He Is The Dearest Friend He Is The Great I Am He Made A Rainbow Of My Tears I Know He's Mine If I Can Just Hold Out It's Alright Jesus Can Make A Way Jesus Christ Solid Rock Jesus Is A Coming Back Little Deeds My Lord No Disappointments In Heaven Row Your Boat Shine On For Jesus So Dearly So I Love Him Dearly Suppertime Take His Hand Thanks For Loving Me The Laughing Song Then I Found Jesus There'll Be No Peace Till Jesus Comes Again There's A New Name Written Down This Old House What Are You Going To Leave When I Get Home When The First Drop Of Blood Fell From The Cross Yesterday You Ain't Heard Nothing Yet Glen Payne, George Younce, Ace Collins, The Cathedrals: The Story of America's Best-Loved Gospel Quartet, 2000