Zeewolde is a municipality and a town in the Flevoland province in the central Netherlands. It has a population of approximately 20,000 and it is situated in the polder of Flevoland with the small lake called the Wolderwijd to the east. To the south is a deciduous forest called the Horsterwold. The area to the west is principally agricultural, Zeewolde is known for its landscape and nature art, the most well-known art work is Sea Level by Richard Serra, located in the Landschapspark De Wetering. Edinburgh Rugby players and brothers Tim and Sep Visser come from Zeewolde, in the wood Hulkesteinse Bos there is the nudist resort Flevo-Natuur, with recreation bungalows, a camp site, and the possibility of day recreation. The municipality of Zeewolde was founded in 1984 and is one of the youngest in the Netherlands. Before 1984, the area was administrated by the Openbaar Lichaam Zuidelijke IJsselmeerpoldersNL, the name Zeewolde was always meant to be used during the planning stages, but on various locations.
Zeewoldes first inhabitants were the pioneers, moving in from the old land to the newly created polder in 1979. They were mostly farmers and in the beginning stages deprived of such as electricity or tap water. The planned village was mostly meant to provide services to the neighbouring farmers. Alongside the farmers, two holiday resorts were founded in the area, in August 1980, the Zeewolde advisory board, headed by Han Lammers who was at the time the head of the OLZIJ, met for the first time. In February 1982, municipal elections were held and the first streekplan was drawn, the actual village itself was started in 1983, after which in 1984 Zeewolde became a municipality in its own right. On 23 February 1984, the official first inhabitant of the village of Zeewolde was handed the keys of his house, Dutch Topographic map of the municipality of Zeewolde, Sept.2014. There are no stations in the municipality, but the nearest stations are Harderwijk, Nijkerk
Amersfoort is a municipality and the second largest city of the province of Utrecht in central Netherlands. The city is growing quickly but has a well-preserved and protected medieval centre, Amersfoort is one of the largest railway junctions in the country, because of its location on two of the Netherlands main east-west and north-south rail lines. It celebrated its 750th birthday as a city in 2009, hunter gatherers set up camps in the Amersfoort region in the Mesolithic period. Archaeologists have found traces of these camps, such as the remains of hearths, the city grew around what is now known as the central square, the Hof, where the Bishops of Utrecht established a court in order to control the Gelderse Vallei area. It was granted city rights in 1259 by the bishop of Utrecht, a first defensive wall, made out of brick, was finished around 1300. Soon after, the need for enlargement of the city became apparent and around 1380 the construction of a new wall was begun, the famous Koppelpoort, a combined land and water gate, is part of this second wall.
The first wall was demolished and houses were built in its place, todays Muurhuizen Street is at the exact location of the first wall, the fronts of the houses are built on top of the first city walls foundations. The Onze-Lieve-Vrouwentoren tower is one of the tallest medieval church towers in the Netherlands at 98 metres, the construction of the tower and the church was started in 1444. It is now the point of the RD coordinate system, the coordinate grid used by the Dutch topographical service. The inner city of Amersfoort has been preserved well since the Middle Ages, in the Middle Ages, Amersfoort was an important centre for the textile industry, and there were a large number of breweries. In the 18th century the city flourished because of the cultivation of tobacco, after the 1920s growth stalled again, until in 1970 the national government designated Amersfoort, numbering some 70,000 inhabitants, as a growth city. In 2009 the population was 140,000 plus, with an expected 150,000 by 2012, after four days of battle, the population was allowed to return.
There was a functioning Jewish community in the town, at the beginning of the war numbering about 700 people, half of them were deported and killed, mainly in Auschwitz and Sobibor. In 1943, the synagogue, dating from 1727, was damaged on the orders of the Nazi-controlled city government. It was restored and opened again after the war, and has served since by a succession of rabbis. There was a camp near the city of Amersfoort during the war. The camp, officially called Polizeiliches Durchgangslager Amersfoort, better known as Kamp Amersfoort, was located in the neighbouring municipality of Leusden. After the war the leader of the camp, Joseph Kotälla and he died in captivity in 1979
Khadija Arib is a Moroccan-Dutch politician of the Labour Party. She has been Member of the House of Representatives in the Netherlands since 2007, khadija Arib was born on 10 October 1960 in Hedami near Casablanca in Morocco. She came to the Netherlands when she was 15 years old, Arib studied sociology at the University of Amsterdam. Before her political career, she was a servant, educator. Arib is a member of the Dutch Labour Party and has been a Member of Parliament from 19 May 1998 to 29 November 2006, as an MP, she focussed on matters of racism, discrimination control, womens abuse, domestic violence and youth care. While in the House of Representatives, she has been criticised for her dual citizenship. In 2012, she made an attempt to become Speaker. She was elected Speaker in an election on 13 January 2016. On 29 March 2017 Arib was re-elected as Speaker, she was the candidate for the position. In 1989, she was held prisoner in Morocco with her 3 children, after intervention by the Dutch ministry of foreign affairs, she was allowed to return to the Netherlands.
1992, Marokkaanse vrouwen in Nederland with Essa Reijmers and Mieke Goudt 2009, Couscous op zondag 2011, Allah heeft ons zo gemaakt House of Representatives biography Labour Party website
Annie Schreijer-Pierik is a Dutch politician and Member of the European Parliament from the Netherlands. She is a member of the Christian Democratic Appeal, part of the European Peoples Party and she runs a pig farm in the eastern village Hengevelde together with her family. In 1991, Schreijer-Pierik was elected to the council of Ambt Delden. In 1995, she became member of the council of the province Overijssel, from 1998 until 2010 Schreijer was a Member of the Dutch national parliament. As a Member of Parliament she chaired the Agriculture committee from 2004 until 2008, Schreijer was elected to the European Parliament in May 2014 thanks to 113,123 preference votes. A member of the European Peoples Party Group, she serves on the Committee on the Environment, Public Health. She married on 17 February 1974 in Diepenheim and has three children and she is a member of the Roman Catholic Church
Willemina Roziena Catharina Sterk is a Dutch former politician, civil servant, NH editor as well as educator. As a member of the Christian Democratic Appeal she was an MP from 23 May 2002 to 19 September 2012 and she focused on matters of integration policy and social affairs. Sterk is a member of the Protestant Church in the Netherlands and she is married and has three children. From May 2002 to September 2012 she was a member of the Dutch House of Representatives, following the controversial French Romani repatriation, Sterk advocated the deportation of Romani from the Netherlands. She said in an interview for Algemeen Dagblad that sending Romani, in 2012 she was awarded Knight of the Order of Orange-Nassau
House of Representatives (Netherlands)
The House of Representatives is the lower house of the bicameral parliament of the Netherlands, the States General, the other one being the Senate. It has 150 seats which are filled through elections using a party-list proportional representation and it sits in the Binnenhof in The Hague. Although this body is called the House of Representatives in English, this is not a translation of its Dutch name. Rather than representatives, members of the House are referred to as Tweede Kamerlid, the House of Representatives is the main chamber of parliament, where discussion of proposed legislation and review of the actions of the cabinet takes place. Both the Cabinet and the House of Representatives itself have the right to propose legislation, review of the actions of the cabinet takes the form of formal interrogations, which may result in motions urging the cabinet to take, or refrain from, certain actions. No individual may be a member of parliament and cabinet, except in a caretaker cabinet that has not yet been succeeded when a new House is sworn in.
The House of Representatives is responsible for the first round of selection for judges to the Supreme Court of the Netherlands and it submits a list of three names for every vacant position to the Government. Furthermore, it elects the Dutch Ombudsman and his subsidiaries, the normal term of the House of Representatives is four years. Anybody eligible to vote in the Netherlands has the right to establish a political party, parties wanting to take part must register 43 days before the elections, supplying a nationwide list of at most 50 candidates. The candidate lists are placed in the hands of the voters at least 14 days before the election, each candidate list is numbered, with the person in the first position known as the lijsttrekker. The lijsttrekker is usually appointed by the party to lead its election campaign, two or more parties can agree to combine their separate lists, which increases the chance of winning a remainder seat. Only large parties usually have some regional candidates at the bottom of their lists, a single vote can be placed on any one candidate.
Many voters select one of the lijsttrekkers, but alternatively a preference vote may be made for a lower down the list. Once the election results are known, the seats are allocated to the parties, the number of valid national votes cast is divided by 150, the number of seats available, to give a threshold for each seat, 1/150th is approximately 0. 67% of the valid votes. Each partys number of votes is divided by this threshold to give a number of seats. Any party that received fewer votes than the threshold fails to gain representation in the House of Representatives, the threshold is one of the lowest for national parliaments in the world, and there are usually multiple parties winning seats with 2% or less of the vote. Any party that received more than 75% of the threshold will have its deposit refunded, after the initial seats are allocated, the remainder seats are allocated using the DHondt method of largest averages. This system slightly favours the larger parties, list combinations compete for the remainder seats as one list of the combined size of all parties in the combination, thus having more chance to gain remainder seats
Eddy van Hijum
Yde Johan van Hijum is a Dutch politician. As a member of the Christian Democratic Appeal he was an MP from September 2,2003 till November 11,2014 and he focused on matters of social security, income policy, dismissal law, labor participation policy and day care. Since November 12,2014 he has been a member of the Gedeputeerde Staten of the province of Overijssel and he holds the portfolio of Economy and Innovation. In the House of Representatives he was replaced by Martijn van Helvert and he served in the municipal council of Zwolle between 1998 and 2003. On his departure from the House of Representatives he was made Knight in the Order of Orange-Nassau, parlement. com biography House of Representatives biography
Jantje Wilhelmina Elisabeth Liesbeth Spies is a former Dutch politician of the Christian Democratic Appeal. She served as Minister of the Interior and Kingdom Relations in the Cabinet Rutte I from December 16,2011 to November 5,2012. She was named to this post on December 16,2011, following the appointment of her predecessor, Piet Hein Donner, to be the new Vice President of the Council of State. She was a Member of the House of Representatives from May 23,2002 to June 17,2010, following her departure from the House of Representatives she became the top candidate for the CDA in the 2011 elections for the States-Provincial of South Holland. In the election the CDA lost over half its seats and went from largest party in the province to the fourth-largest when compared with the election in 2007. Despite this the CDA joined the coalition for the government and Spies was appointed as a member of the States Deputed, with a portfolio including spatial planning. She vacated this position following her ministerial appointment, as of 8 July 2014 she is interim mayor of Stichtse Vecht
Maria van der Hoeven
Maria Josephina Arnoldina van der Hoeven is a Dutch politician of the Christian Democratic Appeal party. She served as Executive Director of the International Energy Agency from 1 September 2011 to 31 August 2015 and she was Minister of Economic Affairs from 22 February 2007 to 14 October 2010 in the fourth Balkenende cabinet. After completing her education she trained as a primary-school teacher in Maastricht. From 1969 she taught at home economics schools and from 1971 at a secondary commercial school. Until 1987 she was head of the Adult Commercial Vocational Training Centre in Maastricht, from 1985 to 1991, Van der Hoeven was a member of the municipal council of Maastricht. From 1991 to 2002, Member of the House of Representatives and Minister of Education, Culture, in 2005, she caused an uproar in a debate about the teaching of Intelligent Design in the countrys schools. Van der Hoeven said that Charles Darwins theories were incomplete and that new things had been discovered by proponents of intelligent design, on 11 March 2011, Van der Hoeven was appointed Executive Director of the International Energy Agency.
She took over from Nobuo Tanaka on 1 September 2011, on 1 September 2015, she was succeeded by Fatih Birol. Van der Hoeven is married to Lou Buytendijk, who was diagnosed with Alzheimers disease in 2005, because of her husbands illness she is active in the Dutch Alzheimers Foundation and currently serves as its president. Order of Orange-Nassau Officer Creation and evolution in public education Politics of the Netherlands World Energy Outlook M. J. A. van der Hoeven
Gerardus Peter Jan Koopmans is a former Dutch politician. As a member of the Christian Democratic Appeal he was an MP from May 23,2002 to September 19,2012 and he focused on matters of agriculture, food safety and governmental organization. He was chairman of the National Board of Scouting Nederland from 2006 until 2011, in 2012 he was awarded Knight of the Order of Orange-Nassau