Commander-in-Chief, The Nore
The Commander-in-Chief, The Nore was an operational commander of the Royal Navy. His subordinate units and staff were sometimes informally known as the Nore Station or Nore Command; the Nore is a sandbank at the mouth of the Thames River Medway. The origins of this post can be traced to the first naval commander covering the same area that being the Commander-in-Chief, Thames from 1695 to 1696 however this command was known by different names until becoming known as the Nore Command or Nore Station. From 1698 to 1699 the appointment was known as Medway. In 1707 the post holder was known as Commander-in-Chief and Medway and between 1711 and 1745 the office was known as the Commander-in-Chief, Thames and Nore In 1745 the post for the first time was called the Commander-in-Chief, Nore established at Chatham and became responsible for sub-commands at Chatham, Sheerness and Humber. Between 1747 and 1797 the post holder was known as the Commander-in-Chief, Medway and at the Nore From 1827 the Commander-in-Chief was accommodated in Admiralty House, built as part of the renewal of Sheerness Dockyard.
From 1834 to 1899 the command was known as the Commander-in-Chief, Sheerness. After the dissolution of the Home Fleet in 1905, remaining ships at a lesser state of readiness were split between three reserve divisions: Nore Division plus the Devonport Division and the Portsmouth Division. In 1909 the division was brought out of reserve status, became operational as part of the 3rd and 4th Division of the Home Fleet. In 1907 the Commander-in-Chief moved to a new Admiralty House alongside the naval barracks in Chatham, the Sheerness house being given over to the Commander-in-Chief, Home Fleet. In 1938 an underground Area Combined Headquarters was built close to Admiralty House to accommodate the Commander-in-Chief together with the local Air Officer Commanding and their respective staffs. During the Second World War, the Nore station assumed great importance: it was used to guard the east coast convoys supplying the ports of North Eastern England. During the Second World War, Nore Command at Chatham included eight sub commands, each of, commanded by a Flag Officer either a Rear Admiral or Vice Admiral.
They included Brightlingsea station, Harwich station, London, Sheerness station and Yarmouth. These sub-commands were sub-divided into Base areas commanded by a Naval Officer in Charge or a Residential Naval Officer these included HM Naval Bases at Boston, Burnham-on-Crouch, Gravesend, Grimsby and Queensborough. Between 1952 and 1961 the Commander-in-Chief, The Nore was double-hatted as Commander, Nore Sub-Area, Allied Command Channel. With the onset of the Cold War, the station and command diminished in importance as the navy decreased in size; the Nore Command was closed on 31 March 1961. The underground headquarters went on to serve as HMS Wildfire, a Royal Naval Reserve training and communications centre, from 1964 to 1994. Commanders-in-Chief have included: Commodore Stafford Fairborne 1695 Commodore James Gother 1696 Vice-Admiral Sir John Jennings, 1698-1699 Vice-Admiral Sir John Jennings, Rear-Admiral Thomas Hardy, 1711-1715 Rear-Admiral William Caldwell, 1717 Vice-Admiral Sir Thomas Hardy, 1732-1737 Vice Admiral Sir Chaloner Ogle 1745 Post holders known as: Vice-Admiral Edward Durnford King 1745-1747 Rear-Admiral Henry Osborne Vice-Admiral Sir Francis Geary Commodore William Boys Commodore William Gordon Commodore Christopher Hill Vice-Admiral Sir Peter Denis Vice-Admiral Edward Vernon Vice-Admiral Robert Roddam Vice-Admiral Sir Walter Stirling Vice-Admiral Sir Andrew Hammond Vice-Admiral Richard Edwards Vice-Admiral William Locker Rear-Admiral John Dalrymple Vice-Admiral Sir George Collier Vice-Admiral Charles Buckner Post holders known as: Vice-Admiral Skeffington Lutwidge Vice-Admiral Sir Thomas Pasley Vice-Admiral Alexander Graeme Vice-Admiral Lord Keith Vice-Admiral Thomas Wells Vice-Admiral Sir Henry Stanhope Vice-Admiral Sir Thomas Williams Vice-Admiral Sir Charles Rowley Vice-Admiral Sir John Gore Vice-Admiral Sir Benjamin Hallowell Vice-Admiral Sir Robert Moorsom Vice-Admiral Sir Henry Blackwood Vice-Admiral Sir John Beresford Vice-Admiral Sir Richard King Post holders known as: Vice-Admiral Charles Elphinstone Fleeming Vice-Admiral Sir Robert Otway Vice-Admiral Sir Henry Digby Vice-Admiral Sir Edward Brace Vice-Admiral Sir John White Vice-Admiral Sir Edward Durnford King Vice-Admiral Sir George Elliot Vice-Admiral Josceline Percy Vice-Admiral William Gordon Vice-Admiral Sir Edward Harvey Vice-Admiral Sir William Hope-Johnstone Vice-Admiral Sir George Lambert Vice-Admiral Sir Charles Talbot Vice-Admiral Sir Baldwin Walker Vice-Admiral Richard Warren Vice-Admiral Sir Charles Elliot Vice-Admiral George Hastings Vice-Admiral Sir Henry Chads Vice-Admiral Sir William King-Hall Vice-Admiral Sir Reginald Macdonald (
Carl, 3rd Prince of Leiningen
Carl Friedrich Wilhelm Emich, Prince of Leiningen, KG was the third Prince of Leiningen and maternal half-brother of Queen Victoria. Leiningen served as a Bavarian lieutenant general, before he played an important role in German politics as the first Prime Minister of the Provisorische Zentralgewalt government formed by the Frankfurt Parliament in 1848. A member of the Hardenburg branch of the Leiningen family, Carl was born in Amorbach, the son of Prince Emich Carl of Leiningen by his second marriage with Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, he was the only son, as Emich Carl's son by his first wife, had died in 1800. Prince Emich Carl had received the Principality of Leiningen during the German mediatisation in 1803, as a compensation for the lost Hardenburg estates in the Palatinate occupied by French revolutionary troops, took his residence at the secularised Amorbach Abbey; the princely territory, soon after passed to the newly established Grand Duchy of Baden, the Kingdom of Bavaria and the Grand Duchy of Hesse.
Prince Emich Carl died on 4 July 1814 and Carl succeeded him as third Prince of Leiningen. On 11 July 1818, his widowed mother married Prince Edward, the fourth son of King George III of the United Kingdom, at Kew Palace, Surrey. In 1819, Carl and his younger sister Princess Feodora were taken from Amorbach to London, where their half-sister Princess Victoria of Kent was born on 24 May at Kensington Palace. On 13 February 1829, Carl married the Bohemian countess Maria von Klebelsberg, daughter of Count Maximilian von Klebelsberg and his wife Maria Anna von Turba, they had two sons: Ernst Leopold, 4th Prince of Leiningen he married Princess Marie of Baden on 11 September 1858. They had two children. Prince Eduard Friedrich Maximilian Johann of Leiningen. Carl had attended a private school in Bern and from 1821 onwards studied law at the University of Göttingen with the jurist Karl Friedrich Eichhorn one of the principal authorities on German constitutional law and leading proponent of the German Historical School of jurisprudence.
At the British court, his multifaceted interests in art were aroused. From 1828, he had Waldleiningen Castle near Mörschenhardt erected as his private residence, a Romantic complex resembling Neo-Gothic castles in Britain, such as Abbotsford House. Carl was made a Knight of the Order of the Garter in 1837; as a mediatized house, the Princes of the Leiningen were members of the Landtag diet in Baden, as well as in Bavaria and Hesse. Prince Carl became president of the Bavarian upper house in 1842 and pursued a career in the Bavarian Army as Lieutenant general à la suite of the Cavalry. On 20 April 1842, he and 20 other noblemen gathered at Biebrich Palace, where they established the Adelsverein to organize the settlement of German emigrants in Texas. By the German revolutions of 1848–49, Leiningen had achieved much reputation as a liberal reformer and freethinker, he advocated the implementation of parliamentarism and criticized aristocracy's privileges. With a Catholic head of state and a Lutheran head of government, an equilibrium was reached in German dualism.
His cabinet could rely on a liberal and left-wing majority in the newly established Frankfurt Parliament, however, as early as on 5 September, he resigned over the Schleswig-Holstein Question when in the First Schleswig War King Frederick William IV of Prussia unilaterally signed an armistice with Denmark at Malmö. The delegates of the Frankfurt assembly reacted with outrage and Leiningen, unable to assert the powers of the central authority, was forced to step down, he was succeeded by the Austrian politician Anton von Schmerling, who acted as Prime Minister until December. In 1851, he resigned as president of the Adelsverein and was succeeded by Prince Hermann of Wied. Shortly after his niece Victoria became engaged to Prince Frederick of Prussia, in 1855, he suffered a severe apoplectic attack. A second attack in November the following year was fatal, he died at Waldleiningen Castle at the age of fifty-two, with his sister Feodora at his bedside. Hermann Nehlsen Fürst Karl zu Leiningen. In: Gerhard Köbler, Hermann Nehlsen: Wirkungen europäischer Rechtskultur.
Festschrift für Karl Kroeschell zum 70. Geburtstag. Verlag C. H. Beck, München, ISBN 3-406-42994-7, S. 763f. Friedrich Oswald, "Leiningen, Karl Emich Fürst zu", Neue Deutsche Biographie, 14, Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 145–146 Sarah Tytler, The Life of Her Most Gracious Majesty the Queen, vol. II Fürstenhaus zu Leiningen Texas State Historical Association
A dynasty is a sequence of rulers from the same family in the context of a feudal or monarchical system, but sometimes appearing in elective republics. Alternative terms for "dynasty" may include "family" and "clan", among others; the longest-surviving dynasty in the world is the Imperial House of Japan, otherwise known as the Yamato dynasty, whose reign is traditionally dated to 660 BC. The dynastic family or lineage may be known as a "noble house", which may be styled as "royal", "princely", "ducal", "comital" etc. depending upon the chief or present title borne by its members. Historians periodize the histories of numerous nations and civilizations, such as Ancient Egypt and Imperial China, using a framework of successive dynasties; as such, the term "dynasty" may be used to delimit the era during which a family reigned, to describe events and artifacts of that period. The word "dynasty" itself is dropped from such adjectival references; until the 19th century, it was taken for granted that a legitimate function of a monarch was to aggrandize his dynasty: that is, to expand the wealth and power of his family members.
Prior to the 20th century, dynasties throughout the world have traditionally been reckoned patrilineally, such as under the Frankish Salic law. In nations where it was permitted, succession through a daughter established a new dynasty in her husband's ruling house; this has changed in some places in Europe, where succession law and convention have maintained dynasties de jure through a female. For instance, the House of Windsor will be maintained through the children of Queen Elizabeth II, as it did with the monarchy of the Netherlands, whose dynasty remained the House of Orange-Nassau through three successive queens regnant; the earliest such example among major European monarchies was in the Russian Empire in the 18th century, where the name of the House of Romanov was maintained through Grand Duchess Anna Petrovna. In Limpopo Province of South Africa, Balobedu determined descent matrilineally, while rulers have at other times adopted the name of their mother's dynasty when coming into her inheritance.
Less a monarchy has alternated or been rotated, in a multi-dynastic system – that is, the most senior living members of parallel dynasties, at any point in time, constitute the line of succession. Not all feudal states or monarchies were/are ruled by dynasties. Throughout history, there were monarchs. Dynasties ruling subnational monarchies do not possess sovereign rights; the word "dynasty" is sometimes used informally for people who are not rulers but are, for example, members of a family with influence and power in other areas, such as a series of successive owners of a major company. It is extended to unrelated people, such as major poets of the same school or various rosters of a single sports team; the word "dynasty" derives from Latin dynastia, which comes from Greek dynastéia, where it referred to "power", "dominion", "rule" itself. It was the abstract noun of dynástēs, the agent noun of dynamis, "power" or "ability", from dýnamai, "to be able". A ruler from a dynasty is sometimes referred to as a "dynast", but this term is used to describe any member of a reigning family who retains a right to succeed to a throne.
For example, King Edward VIII ceased to be a dynast of the House of Windsor following his abdication. In historical and monarchist references to reigning families, a "dynast" is a family member who would have had succession rights, were the monarchy's rules still in force. For example, after the 1914 assassinations of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his morganatic wife Duchess Sophie von Hohenberg, their son Duke Maximilian was bypassed for the Austro-Hungarian throne because he was not a Habsburg dynast. Since the abolition of the Austrian monarchy, Duke Maximilian and his descendants have not been considered the rightful pretenders by Austrian monarchists, nor have they claimed that position; the term "dynast" is sometimes used only to refer to agnatic descendants of a realm's monarchs, sometimes to include those who hold succession rights through cognatic royal descent. The term can therefore describe distinct sets of people. For example, David Armstrong-Jones, 2nd Earl of Snowdon, a nephew of Queen Elizabeth II through her sister Princess Margaret, is in the line of succession to the British crown.
On the other hand, the German aristocrat Prince Ernst August of Hanover, a male-line descendant of King George III of the United Kingdom, possesses no legal British name, titles or styles. He was born in the line of succession to the British throne and was bound by Britain's Royal Marriages Act 1772 until it was repealed when the Succession to the Crown Act 2013 took effect on 26 March 2015. Thus, he requested and obtained formal permission from Queen Elizabeth II to marry the Roman Catholic Princess Caroline of Monaco in 1999. Yet, a clause of the English Act of Settlement 1701 remained in effect at that time, stipulating that dynasts who
Prince of Leiningen
The title of Prince of Leiningen was created by the Holy Roman Emperor Joseph II, who elevated Carl Friedrich Wilhelm, Count of Leiningen-Dagsburg-Hardenburg to the rank of Reichsfürst on 3 July 1779. From 1560 until 1725 Hardenburg Castle was the main seat of the branch. After its partial destruction during the Nine Years' War the residence was moved to Bad Durkheim. In 1801, this line was deprived of its lands on the left bank of the Rhine, namely Hardenburg and Durkheim, by France, but in 1803 it received the secularized Amorbach Abbey as an ample compensation for these losses; the complete titles of Carl Friedrich Wilhelm, 1st Prince of Leiningen were Imperial Prince of Leiningen, Count palatine of Mosbach, Count of Düren, Lord of Miltenberg, Bischofsheim, Schüpf and Lauda. A few years the short-lived Principality of Leiningen at Amorbach was mediatized, its territory is now included in Baden, but in Bavaria and in Hesse. Amorbach Abbey is still today the seat of the Prince of Leiningen.
The former hunting lodge Waldleiningen Castle at Mudau is now run as a hospital by the family. The family is extant, all male-line descendants of the grantee bear the title of Prince of Leiningen with the style of Serene Highness; the head of the house is styled The Prince of Leiningen. The second prince, Emich Charles, married Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld. After his death in 1814, the princess married Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn, a younger son of George III of the United Kingdom, by whom she became the mother of Queen Victoria; the Queen's half-siblings, Carl, 3rd Prince of Leiningen and Princess Feodora remained close to their half-sister. The fourth prince, pursued a career in the British Royal Navy; the sixth prince, married Grand Duchess Maria Kirillovna of Russia, daughter of Princess Victoria Melita, in turn daughter of Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Queen Victoria's second son. As a result, their descendants today occupy places higher up the British line of succession, in the early hundreds.
In 1991, the seventh prince, disinherited his eldest son, the Hereditary Prince Karl Emich, after he married his second wife, Dr Gabriele Thyssen, on May 24 of that same year. The disinheritance was upheld by the German courts, so on Emich's death that year, he was succeeded by his second son, the eighth prince from that time, he married Princess Alexandra of Hanover. Carl Friedrich Wilhelm, 1st Prince of Leiningen Emich Carl, 2nd Prince of Leiningen Carl, 3rd Prince of Leiningen Ernst, 4th Prince of Leiningen Emich, 5th Prince of Leiningen Karl, 6th Prince of Leiningen Emich, 7th Prince of Leiningen Andreas, 8th Prince of Leiningen his heir-apparent, Hereditary Prince of Leiningen House of Leiningen Princess of Leiningen https://archive.is/20120722083831/http://www.btinternet.com/~allan_raymond/Leiningen_Royal_Family.htm Marek, Miroslav. "leiningen/leiningen6.html". Genealogy. EU. Website of the Prince of Leiningen European Heraldry page
Order of the Dannebrog
The Order of the Dannebrog is a Danish order of chivalry instituted in 1671 by Christian V. Until 1808, membership in the order was limited to fifty members of noble or royal rank who formed a single class known as White Knights to distinguish them from the Blue Knights who were members of the Order of the Elephant. In 1808, the Order was divided into four classes; the Grand Commander class is reserved to persons of princely origin. It is only awarded to royalty with close family ties with the Danish Royal House; the statute of the Order was amended in 1951 by a Royal Ordinance so that both men and women could be members of the Order. Today, the Order of the Dannebrog is a means of honouring and rewarding the faithful servants of the modern Danish state for meritorious civil or military service, for a particular contribution to the arts, sciences or business life or for those working for Danish interests; the badge of the Order is a white enamelled Dannebrog cross with a red enamelled border, for the Knights in silver and for everyone else in gold or silver gilt.
At the top of this cross is the royal cypher of the bestowing monarch crowned with the distinctive Danish royal crown On its front, the cross bears the royal cyphers of Christian V at its centre, as well as the motto of the Order: Gud og Kongen on its arms. On its reverse are found the crowned royal cyphers of Valdemar II Sejr, Christian V and Frederik VI, as well as the years 1219, 1671 and 1808, the years that each of them ascended the Danish throne. In each of the four angles of the cross is found a small Danish royal crown; the classes are: Special class Grand Commander — wears the badge with diamonds on a necklet or on a bow, plus the star on the left chest. The Grand Cross can, as a special honor, be awarded "with diamonds". There is a Cross of Honour; the collar of the Order is made of gold, with small enamelled Dannebrog crosses alternating with alternating crowned royal cyphers representing Kings Valdemar II Sejr and Christian V, the reputed and actual founders of the Order. When the collar is worn the sash is not worn.
The star of the Order is an eight-pointed silver star with straight rays with an enamelled Dannebrog cross at the centre. The breast cross of the Order is similar to the cross on the star but larger and with faceted silver instead of white enamel and without the silver rays of the star; the ribbon of the Order is white silk moiré with the national colours of Denmark. The Order had a distinctive habit worn by the knights on solemn occasions; the habit consisted of a white doublet, white breeches, white stockings and white shoes, over, worn a red mantle with a white lining and with the star of the order embroidered in silver on its left side. Over this red mantle was worn a short white shoulder cape with a standing collar embroidered in gold, upon, worn the collar of the Order; the habit had a black hat with a plume of white and red ostrich feathers. This habit was identical to that worn by the knights of the Order of the Elephant; each Danish ministry has a quota of Knights and Knights 1st class that they may use at their discretion.
It is most given to high-ranking officers of the police, armed forces and emergency services. Used for politicians in Folketinget after 8 years of elected service. Ministers are given the rank of Knight 1st Class; the rank of Commander is given to Colonels and other high-ranking officials as a retirement-decoration after long service. Commander 1st class is given for Admirals, Supreme-court judges and other governmental leaders as a retirement decoration. Grand Cross is most used for admirals, Supreme-court judges and similar as a reward for meritorious service to Denmark. Grand Cross with Breaststar with Diamonds is most given to high-ranking officers of the Royal Court, such as Hofmarskals; the Grand Commander grade is only given to 8 people. The reigning monarch is always a Grand Commander, he/she may give the grade to 7 others - most close family; the Order of the Dannebrog is used as a tool of diplomacy. If a foreign country has an Order that they give to foreign diplomats in their country their diplomats in Denmark can be given an Order of the Dannebrog.
To be eligible the foreign ambassador must reside in Denmark for at least three years. The Dannebrogordenens Hæderstegn in modern times is only awarded to Danes on whom the Order of the Dannebrog has been bestowed, it is worn by the individual members of the royal family. Its badge is similar to the badge of the Order, but all in silver, is worn on a ribbon or bow with rosette on the left
Francis, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
Francis, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, was one of the ruling Thuringian dukes of the House of Wettin. As progenitor of a line of Coburg princes who, in the 19th and 20th centuries, mounted the thrones of several European realms, he is a patrilineal ancestor of, among others, Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom, King Philippe of Belgium and King Simeon II of Bulgaria, he was the eldest son of Ernest Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld and Sophia Antonia of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel. He received a private and comprehensive education and became an art connoisseur. Francis initiated a major collection of books and illustrations for the duchy in 1775, which expanded to a 300,000-picture collection of copperplate engravings housed in the Veste Coburg, he was commissioned into the allied army in 1793 when his country was invaded by the Revolutionary armies of France. The allied forces included Hanoverians and the British, he fought in several actions against the French. Francis succeeded his father as reigning Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld in 1800.
In the discharge of his father's debts the Schloss Rosenau had passed out of the family but in 1805 he bought back the property as a summer residence for the ducal family. Emperor Francis II dissolved the Holy Roman Empire on 6 August 1806, after its defeat by Napoleon at the Battle of Austerlitz. Duke Francis died 9 December 1806. On 15 December 1806, Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, along with the other Ernestine duchies, entered the Confederation of the Rhine as the Duke and his ministers planned. In Hildburghausen on 6 March 1776, Francis married Princess Sophie of Saxe-Hildburghausen, a daughter of his Ernestine kinsman, Duke Ernst Friedrich II, she died on 28 October 1776, only seven months after her wedding. There were no children born from this marriage. In Ebersdorf on 13 June 1777, Francis married Countess Augusta Reuss-Lobenstein-Ebersdorf, they had ten children, seven of whom survived to adulthood: His male-line descendants established ruling houses in Belgium, United Kingdom and Bulgaria, while retaining the duchy of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha until 1918.
His son Leopold ruled as Leopold I of the Belgians. A grandson reigned jure uxoris as King Ferdinand II of Portugal while a great-grandson named Ferdinand became the first modern king of Bulgaria. One of his granddaughters was Empress Carlota of Mexico, while another was Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom; the latter's son, Edward VII, a patrilineal as well as matrilineal great-grandson of Francis, inaugurated the male line which wore the British crown until the accession of Queen Elizabeth II in 1952. August Beck: Franz Friedrich Anton, Herzog von Sachsen-Koburg-Saalfeld. In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie vol. VII, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1877, p. 296. Carl-Christian Dressel: Die Entwicklung von Verfassung und Verwaltung in Sachsen-Coburg 1800 - 1826 im Vergleich, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 2007, ISBN 978-3-428-12003-1. Christian Kruse: Franz Friedrich Anton von Sachsen-Coburg-Saalfeld: 1750 - 1806, in: Jahrbuch der Coburger Landesstiftung, Coburg 1995
Emich, 5th Prince of Leiningen
Emich, 5th Prince of Leiningen was the son of Ernst Leopold, 4th Prince of Leiningen. He was 5th Prince of Leiningen from 1904 to 1918, afterwards titular Prince of Leiningen from 1918 until his death. Emich was born at Osborne House, Isle of Wight, United Kingdom, the second child and only son of Ernst Leopold, 4th Prince of Leiningen, his wife, Princess Marie Amelie of Baden. Through his mother he was descendant of Swedish monarchs, such as Gustav IV Adolf and Gustav III, his paternal grandfather, Carl, 3rd Prince of Leiningen, was the half-brother of Queen Victoria. He was baptised at Osborne House on 10 February 1866 and his godparents were his paternal great-aunt, Princess Feodora of Leiningen, his maternal uncle Frederick I, Grand Duke of Baden and his paternal uncle Prince Eduard of Leiningen. Emich married on 12 July 1894 in Langenburg to Princess Feodore of Hohenlohe-Langenburg, youngest child of Hermann, Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg and his wife, Princess Leopoldine of Baden, they had five children: Princess Viktoria of Leiningen she married Count Maximilian of Solms-Rödelheim and Assenheim on 23 February 1922 and they were divorced in 1937.
They have one son: Count Markwart of Solms-Rödelheim and Assenheim Emich Ernst, Hereditary Prince of Leiningen he died at the age of twenty-one during World War I. Karl, 6th Prince of Leiningen he married Grand Duchess Maria Kirillovna of Russia on 24 November 1924, they have fifteen grandchildren and twenty-eight great-grandchildren. Prince Hermann of Leiningen he married Countess Irina of Schönborn-Wiesentheid on 21 December 1938. Prince Hesso of Leiningen he married Countess Marie-Luise of Nesselrode on 12 July 1933. On the death of his father in 1904, Emich became the 5th Prince of Leiningen. 18 January 1866 – 5 April 1904: His Serene Highness The Hereditary Prince of Leiningen 5 April 1904 – 18 July 1939: His Serene Highness The Prince of Leiningen thePeerage.com — Emich Eduard Karl V Fürst zu Leiningen Genealogics — Leo van de Pas — Emich, 5. Fürst zu Leiningen The Royal House of Stuart, London, 1969, 1971, 1976, Addington, A. C. Reference: 1951