Erotic electrostimulation is a sexual practice involving the application of electrical stimulation to the nerves of the body, with particular emphasis on the genitals, using a power source for purposes of sexual stimulation. Electrostimulation has been associated with BDSM activities, erotic electrostimulation is an evolution of that practice. Electrostimulation, in general, can cause tissue damage or death if misused; the most common problems arising from electrostimulation tend to be burns from lack of sufficiently wide surface contact, i.e. bad contact, between the electrode and the skin's surface. At low current and voltage, there is risk of interference with normal heart function, this risk is higher for those who use an artificial pacemaker or similar device or who have heart conditions; because of this, it is not advisable to place the electrical contacts in such a way that current passes through the chest cavity. The international standard on the basic safety of medical nerve and muscle stimulators advises "that stimulation should not be applied across or through the head, directly on the eyes, covering the mouth, on the front of the neck, or from electrodes placed on the chest and the upper back or crossing over the heart".
The standard notes that "any electrodes that have current densities exceeding 2 mA/cm² may require the special attention of the operator". It imposes the following limits on the output parameters of stimulators: with a load resistance of 500 Ω, the output current shall not exceed 80 mA at DC 50 mA below 400 Hz pulse frequency 80 mA at 400–1500 Hz 100 mA above 1500 Hz for pulse durations less than 0.1 s, the pulse energy into a 500 Ω load shall not exceed 300 mJ per pulse, for longer pulses the above DC limit applies the output shall not exceed a peak voltage of 500 V when measured under open-circuit conditionErotic electrostimulation devices should avoid DC currents in order to avoid electrolytic effects. This is achieved through “biphasic” waveforms, in which each positive current pulse is followed by an equivalent negative current pulse. Devices with multiple channels should have a small pulse isolation transformer for galvanic isolation in each channel, such that currents cannot flow across the body between channels.
Pulse frequency and amplitude should be selected to achieve the desired stimulation with the least amount of power delivered into the body, for example avoiding current during the refractory period after each action potential, where neurons do not respond to stimuli. Typical erotic electrostimulation devices use pulse frequencies in the range 300–3000 Hz, where skin nerves are most sensitive. A few cases of accidental death as a result of autoerotic electrostimulation have been reported in the forensic science literature. In one case reported in the press, a man from York, Pennsylvania was sentenced to 20–40 years in prison for third-degree murder and reckless endangerment after killing his wife with electrostimulation to her nipples directly from a power strip plugged into the mains; the use of electricity for entertainment purposes dates back at least as early as the 1740s. In the 1830s, insertable electrode attachments for small magnetos could be purchased. In the 1800s, various electric belts were advertised as cures for impotence.
In the 1920s, the American Medical Association investigated such devices, concluded that they provided "more or less mechanical masturbation". Modern electrostimulation first became recognized during the 1950s with the introduction of a device called the Relax-A-Cizor, designed to stimulate the muscles of a relaxing subject using electric currents as a means of "passive exercise"; such power sources are known as EMS units. Some people soon found alternative uses for the Relax-A-Cizors by placing the contacts on sexual parts of the body. By the 1970s, medical TENS units were being used for electrostimulation. In the 1980s the first devices manufactured for erotic electrostimulation became available, in particular the Titillator and the Pleasure Box known as the PES Power Box. In the 1970s, experimenters noticed that bare speaker wires could deliver a jolt and began using recorded and live sound for electrostimulation. At that time, there were no professionally made attachments for such play, so people built their own out of copper plumbing parts and other metal pieces with attention to resistors placed in series with the human parts to control the current for safety.
Although early e-stim units used only a simple, sinusoidal wave, newer units use more complex wave forms and allow for the use of ambient sound or prerecorded wave forms like music or specially designed computer files for specific types of stimulation. There are now sites dedicated to the creation of MP3 files for erotic journeys or symphonies, which can include such routines as rewards, punishments strong, pleasantly soft portions. There are repackaged EMS units marketed as erotic electrostimulation power sources. EMS units are designed to cause muscle contraction. An increasing number of "body toner" or "electromassage"-type power sources are being marketed directly to con
Aicha Mane is a Senegalese lawyer and corporate executive. She serves as the Chief Operating Officer of The Collective Restaurant and Art Gallery, in the central business district of Nairobi, the capital and largest city in Kenya, an enterprise that she owns and co-founded. Aicha was migrated to the United States when she was 12 years old, she holds a Bachelor of Laws degree, obtained from American University, in Washington, DC, in 2009. Her Master of Laws degree was obtained in Paris, France, she holds a Master of Business Administration, awarded by Shanghai Jiao Tong University, in Shanghai, China. She is a member of the New York Bar. In 2010 and 2011, Aicha interned at Hafez Avocats in Paris, she returned to Senegal and became an independent investment consultant based in Dakar, for nearly two and one half years. In 2014 Aicha relocated to Nairobi and worked for several investment firms including Amana Capital and Lordship Africa, she served as the Director of Operations at Harbour Capital Limited Kenya for two years, from 2015 until 2017.
In August 2017 she founded an independent consulting firm, based in Nairobi. According to Aicha, her attempt at private law practice was not successful, she concentrated on exploring her culinary curiosity. Beginning in October 2017, the founders of The Collective began to exchange ideas, culminating in the opening of the business in early 2019; the establishment is a combination restaurant and art gallery. Ruth Sebatindira
The following is a list of locations seen on the BBC Scotland television soap opera River City. The Tall Ship, or The Ship, is central to much of the goings on; the Tall Ship is now owned by Caitlin McLean. The Oyster Cafe is owned by Amandeep'AJ' Jandhu. With an art deco Italian design found in many cafes across Scotland, the Oyster Cafe has an authentically Glasgow-feel; the cafe is worked in by AJ, but AJ's girlfriend Ellie McLean offers a helping hand. The cafe has been used for special functions also. Owned by Bob O'Hara, Montego Motors is the garage used by the residents when automobiles require repairing. Nicki Cullen worked there. No area of Glasgow is complete without one; the Shieldinch Subway station has seen many a dramatic entrance, exit, in its time on River City. An open-air cafe, owned by Derek Henderson, with Carly Fraser the main employee. Since the lot was sold to Sonny Munro, its usage has remained unclear. Sonny planned to open a new restaurant in his chain of fast-food outlets, but due to local opposition has handed the running of the site over to Shona MacIntyre, who has other more wholesome plans for it.
Owned by Raymond Henderson, with Roisin its main employee, Lazy Ray's was taken over by Derek Henderson who continued to operate the unit as a beauty parlour until he rented it out to Lena Kruasky & Angela who ran an escort service, using the parlour as a cover. Hola is Shieldinch's classy clothing boutique, it was opened by proprietor Lydia Murdoch using money from her gangster husband Lenny. As a result of this, it has attracted some criticism from Scarlett Adams. Just Gordon was the only hair salon in Shieldinch, it was owned by Hayley McCrone, who has a string of hair salons across Glasgow, inherited from her father- Gordon Swan. Sited where Versus bar is now. Blink Inc was a graphics design company set up by Nazir Malik; the two got into trouble. Various financial difficulties, along with Nazir's exit from Shieldinch, meant that Blink Inc was sold. Firstly a derelict unit, the basement of, used by Brian Henderson to hold Hazel Donachie hostage, the corner building became used for the Wu family's Chinese takeaway, Wok My World.
It was used by Lenny Murdoch as a front for his empire of crime, although the takeaway has now made way for Lenny's wife, Lydia Murdoch,'s boutique, Hola. Situated in the cabins on the construction site, Lewis Cope Construction was a building firm owned by Lewis Cope, it was sold when he left Shieldinch and was home to Marty Green and Niamh Corrigan's Med Dreams overseas property firm. Malik's was the local shop run by the Malik family. While they were leaving and when she won the lottery, Roisin McIntyre purchased the shop from them, turning it into the Montego Deli. Gerry McGrade, in a care home after drug abuse, Fi Kidd owned the McGrade & Kidd Legal Services. After Gerry's drug abuse, the company collapsed and the property was bought by Lenny Murdoch. An overseas property development company co-owned by Marty Green and Niamh Corrigan, it was on the old site of Lewis Cope Construction Versus bar came about when Heather Bellshaw purchased the space from Blink Inc when it was wound up. It is the more modern of the bars in Shieldinch.
It provides alternative nightlife for the residents of Shieldinch and attracts a rich and colourful crowd. Heather has emigrated to Australia, selling Versus bar. River City
Henry Jenner was a British scholar of the Celtic languages, a Cornish cultural activist, the chief originator of the Cornish language revival. Jenner was born at St Columb Major on 8 August 1848, he was the son of Henry Lascelles Jenner, one of two curates to the Rector of St. Columb Major, consecrated though not enthroned as the first Bishop of Dunedin and the grandson of Herbert Jenner-Fust. In 1869 Jenner became a clerk in the Probate Division of the High Court and two years was nominated by the Primate at Canterbury for a post in the Department of Ancient Manuscripts in the British Museum, his father being the Rector of Wingham, a small village near Canterbury. In 1904, he campaigned for Cornwall to join the Celtic Congress, he jointly founded the Old Cornwall Society at St Ives in 1920 and in 1928 he was a joint founder of the Cornish Gorsedh. His earliest interest in the Cornish language is mentioned in an article by Robert Morton Nance entitled "Cornish Beginnings", When Jenner was a small boy at St. Columb, his birthplace, he heard at the table some talk between his father and a guest that made him prick up his ears, no doubt brought sparkles to his eyes which anyone who told him something will remember.
They were speaking of a Cornish language. At the first pause in their talk he put his query...'But is there a Cornish Language?' and on being assured that at least there had been one, he said'Then I'm Cornish—that's mine!' In 1874 Henry Jenner continued his interest in Celtic languages, in 1875 he read a paper to the Philological Society in London, his subject being the Manx language. The following year he read another paper on the subject of the Cornish language at Mount's Bay. In 1877 he discovered, whilst working in the British Museum, forty two lines of a medieval play written in Cornish around the year 1450. In 1903 he was made Bard of the Breton Gorsedd, along with L. C. R. Duncombe-Jewell he jointly founded the first Cornish language society, "Cowethas Kelto-Kernuak"; the following year Jenner and Duncombe-Jewell took Cornwall's application for membership of the Celtic Congress meeting in Caernarfon. His Bardic name was Gwas Myghal. In 1904 he published A Handbook of the Cornish language and the Cornish language revival began.
His version of Cornish was based upon the form of the language used in West Cornwall in the 18th century, although his pupil Robert Morton Nance would steer the language revival towards mediaeval Cornish. In 1930 Henry and Katherine attended the first International Arthurian Congress in Truro, where they Dominica Legge, Eugène Vinaver and other scholars investigated Arthurian legends. At a time when many people thought the Cornish language had died Jenner observed There has never been a time when there has been no person in Cornwall without a knowledge of the Cornish language … The reason why a Cornishman should learn Cornish, the outward and audible sign of his separate nationality, is sentimental, not in the least practical, if everything sentimental were banished from it, the world would not be as pleasant a place as it is. In 2010, Michael Everson published a new edition entitled Henry Jenner's Handbook of the Cornish Language, which contains modern IPA phonetic transcriptions to make clear to modern readers what phonology Jenner was recommending.
The book contains three essays written by Jenner thirty years prior to the 1904 publication, as well as some examples of a number of Christmas and New Years cards sent out by Jenner containing original verse by him in Cornish and English. Jenner married Kitty Lee Rawlings in 1877. A biography of Henry and Katherine, including much information about the context in which their work appeared, was published in 2004 by Derek R. Williams. Jenner was a Jacobite, he and his wife supported the Order of the White Rose, a society of Stuart sympathizers which he had founded in 1891, of which he was chancellor. He actively supported The Royalist, a journal which ran from 1890 to 1905, he was a key figure in the Neo-Jacobite Revival of the 1890s. After working at the British Museum for more than forty years, in 1909 Jenner and his wife Kitty retired to Hayle, his wife's home town, in January 1912 he was elected as the Librarian of the Morrab Library, a post he held until 1927, he served as President of both the Royal Cornwall Polytechnic Society and of the Royal Institution of Cornwall.
Jenner had married Kitty Lee Rawlings, herself a novelist and writer on art, in 1877. He is buried in St. Uny's Church, Lelant. Before he died, he said: "The whole object of my life has been to inculcate into Cornish people a sense of their Cornishness." He contributed to the Catholic Encyclopedia with articles on Catholic Liturgical Rites. Richard Gendall Ken George Robert Morton Nance Dolly Pentreath Nicholas Williams Williams, D. R.. Henry and Katharine Jenner: A Celebration of Cornwall's Culture and Identity. Francis Boutle Publishers. ISBN 978-1-903427-19-4. Works by Henry Jenner at Project Gutenberg Works by Henry Jenner at LibriVox Works by or about Henry Jenner at Internet Archive Henry Jenner at the Gorseth Kernow website Text of the 1904 edition of A Handbook of the Cornish Language at Project Gutenberg Preface to the 2010 edition of Henry Jenner's Handbook of the Cornish Language on the publisher's website. Samples of Jenner's Cornish writing: Gospel of St Mark Dhô'm Gwrêg Gernûak at Wikisource Some Possible Arthurian Place-Names in West Penwith
Stanisław Udrzycki or Stanisław Udrycki was a Roman Catholic prelate who served as Auxiliary Bishop of Lutsk and Titular Bishop of Argos. On 26 Mar 1632, Stanisław Udrzycki was appointed during the papacy of Pope Urban VIII as Auxiliary Bishop of Lutsk and Titular Bishop of Argos. On 27 May 1618, he was consecrated bishop by Archbishop of Lviv, he served as Auxiliary Bishop of Lutsk until his death in Oct 1621. While bishop, he was the principal co-consecrator of Auxiliary Bishop of Lviv. Cheney, David M. "Diocese of Lutsk". Catholic-Hierarchy.org. Retrieved January 4, 2019. Chow, Gabriel. "Diocese of Lutsk". GCatholic.org. Retrieved January 4, 2019. Cheney, David M. "Argos". Catholic-Hierarchy.org. Retrieved January 4, 2019. Chow, Gabriel. "Titular Episcopal See of Argos". GCatholic.org. Retrieved January 4, 2019
Federal Aviation Administration and EASA regulations require an approved method of escape on all aircraft exits where the floor is 6 feet or more above the ground). There are design requirements for passengers to be able to evacuate within certain limits. An evacuation slide is an inflatable slide that both allows people to descend safely from the exit and has a sufficiently high use rate to meet the evacuation timings. Escape slides are the reference means of compliance with the regulation although some cargo aircraft use different methods; the first aircraft evacuation slide was developed and produced by Air Cruisers, founded by James F. Boyle, inventor of the World War II life vest, the "Mae West"; the patent for the inflatable escape chute assembly was submitted by Boyle in 1954 and the designs was patented in 1956 under patent number 2,765,131. Today Air Cruisers is part of Zodiac Aerospace and owned by Safran who are the world's largest provider of evacuation slides. Prior to inflatables, some passenger aircraft utilized canvas type slides which required the crew to undertake an extensive rigging procedure.
Canvas type slides are still found on some out of production Russian aircraft. There are four types of inflatable aircraft evacuation aid covered by EASA Technical Order:Type I- Inflatable Slide Type II- Inflatable Slide/Raft Type III- Inflatable Exit Ramp Type IV- Inflatable Exit Ramp/Slide Type I Slides and Type II Slide/Rafts both function the same on land allowing descent from the door to the ground. A slide/raft functions as a life raft in a landing on water and therefore are required to include sea survival specific features such as. Where only a Type I slide is fitted it has sufficient buoyancy to act as an aid in the event of a water landing. A Type III inflatable ramp is a small platform that may be fitted to allow easy assess from, for example, an over-wing wing exit door to an area of structure from where descent can be achieved either by a separate slide or by jumping, depending on the height. Type IV combines the slide into a single functional unit; the over-wing exits on the Airbus A320 series, Airbus A380, Boeing 747, Boeing 757 and Boeing 767 aircraft use ramp slides in various configurations.
Slides can be single or dual lane, depending on the width of the exit they are fitted to and in testing must show a nominal exit rate of 70 people per minute per lane. A dual lane slide is one, capable of carrying two parallel lines of evacuees and is used at the main doors on Widebody aircraft. Slides and slide/rafts can be detached from the aircraft; this may, for example, involve lifting up the flap on the girt bar, pulling the detach handle. These procedures are placarded red on the slide, "For Ditching Use Only". Once the slide is separated, the slide remains attached to the aircraft by a mooring line; this line will break if the airframe submerges, or can be disconnected with a pre-supplied knife or disconnect handle. Another unique type of evacuation slide is found on the DC-9 family of aircraft and its successors the MD-80 and Boeing 717; this type of slide is in the aircraft's tailcone, deploys after the tailcone is jettisoned by flight attendants, allowing for evacuation through the rear of the airframe.
The procedure to use this exit may involve removing a plug-type pressure bulkhead, or a swing type door that leads directly to a walkway. At the end of the walkway is the slide pack and a manual tailcone jettison handle for use if the tailcone has not been automatically jettisoned by opening the walkway entrance. One of the newest developments in evacuation slide technology can be found on the Airbus A380, developed by Goodrich Aircraft Interior Products. Certain slides on board the aircraft have the Tribrid Inflation System, connected to a sensing system within the door. If the door is opened in emergency mode at an abnormal attitude, the slide will inflate but will inflate several feet of additional slide to ensure the slide reaches the ground; this contrasts with the Boeing 747. Slides fitted by main fuselage doors are mounted on the door itself; this packaging is inside in a slide bustle, a protruding part on the inside of an aircraft door that varies with aircraft size, door size and door location.
At wide doors typical on large aircraft these will be "dual lane" slides capable of carrying two parallel lines of evacuees. To reduce evacuation time, evacuation slides deploy automatically when a door is opened in an "armed" condition. Various forms of indicators, such as lights and pins with ribbons are used to indicate an armed condition. All large commercial aircraft have escape slides on the main doors but some have slides for exits over the wings; these include the Boeing 767, Boeing 757, Airbus A320-series aircraft. Overwing evacuation slides are not designed for use in ditching situations as they cannot be detached, and will not operate, as the system is disabled by the aspirators on the slide taking in water. Aircraft where there is no over-wing slide, such as the Embraer 190, 717, 737 do not require them by regulation because when the flaps are lowered, they are low enough to the ground to meet the requirement. Window exits come in two configurations: An unhinged hatch type exit, where the hatch is unlocked from the inside and pulled into the cabin, whereupon it can be disposed.
Some carriers recommend placing the hatch