Erotica is any literary or artistic work that deals substantively with subject matter, erotically stimulating or sexually arousing but is not pornographic. Erotic art may use any artistic form to depict erotic content, including painting, drama, film or music. Erotic literature and erotic photography have become genres in their own right. Curiosa is erotica and pornography as discrete, collectable items in published or printed form. In the antiquarian book trade, pornographic works are listed under "curiosa", "erotica" or "facetiae". A distinction is made between erotica and pornography, although some viewers may not distinguish between them. A key distinction, some have argued, is that pornography's objective is the graphic depiction of sexually explicit scenes, while erotica "seeks to tell a story that involves sexual themes" that include a more plausible depiction of human sexuality than in pornography. Additionally, works considered degrading or exploitative tend to be classified by those who see them as such, as "porn" rather than as "erotica" and pornography is described as exploitative or degrading.
Many countries have laws banning or at least regulating what is considered pornographic material, a situation which does not apply to erotica. Feminist writer Gloria Steinem distinguishes erotica from pornography, writing: "Erotica is as different from pornography as love is from rape, as dignity is from humiliation, as partnership is from slavery, as pleasure is from pain." Steinem's argument hinges on the distinction between reciprocity versus domination, as she writes: "Blatant or subtle, pornography involves no equal power or mutuality. In fact, much of the tension and drama comes from the clear idea that one person is dominating the other." What Distinguishes Erotica from Pornography? - Leon F Seltzer, Psychology Today, 6 April 2011
Louis Boulanger was a French Romantic painter and illustrator. He enrolled in 1821 at the École des beaux-arts where he attended the workshop of Guillaume Guillon Lethière and received a solid classical training. Next he made a présentation for the prix de Rome, in 1824, he became the companion of Eugène Devéria and an intimate of Victor Hugo as well as different Parisian Romantic circles, which had a decisive effect on his career. He saw great success at the Salon of 1827 thanks to his Supplice de Mazeppa, was awarded a medal on the occasion of a special salon for the new school, which showed La Naissance d'Henri IV by Eugène Devéria and La Mort de Sardanapale by Delacroix. However, this success did not continue in the young painter's career, he painted the portrait of several personalities of the era, including the most famous example, Balzac in a monk's robe, now at the musée des beaux-arts in Tours. Several of Boulanger's works are held at the maison Victor Hugo in Paris, he was illustrator of several Romantic works of Victor Hugo and Alexandre Dumas, as well as a series of strange lithographs on fantastical themes customarily attached to the frenetic vein which certain artists exploited in this period.
La Ronde du Sabbat by Louis Boulanger is the only icon of this poorly studied tendency. Aristide Marie, Le Peintre poète Louis Boulanger, H. Floury, coll. « La Vie et l'art romantiques », Paris, 1925. Théophile Gautier, Histoire du romantisme, Paris, 1874. Louis Boulanger on Artcyclopedia
Theodore J. "Ted" Scheffler was an American professional baseball player whose career spanned from 1885 to 1902. He played two seasons in Major League Baseball as an outfielder for the Detroit Wolverines in 1888 and the Rochester Broncos in 1890. Scheffler was born in New York City in 1864. In 1887, he drew attention when he compiled a.429 batting average for the Manchester Farmers in the New England League. On August 3, 1888, the Detroit Wolverines of the National League purchased Scheffler from the Manchester club, he compiled a. 202 batting average. The Detroit team disbanded after the 1888 season, Scheffler spent the 1889 season with the Worcester Grays in the Atlantic Association. Scheffler got a second shot at the major leagues in 1890 with the Rochester Bronchos of the American Association, he appeared in 119 games, all of them as an outfielder, led the league with 29 outfield assists. Despite a.245 batting average, Scheffler showed a knack for getting on base. He ranked fourth in the league with 78 bases on balls and 14 times hit by pitch, contributing to a much higher on-base percentage of.374.
He showed great speed on the base paths, finishing second in the league with 77 stolen bases. His 111 runs scored were eighth most in the league. In 1891, Scheffler played for the Buffalo Bisons in the Eastern Association, he totaled a career 17 triples in 123 games for Buffalo. Despite posting impressive statistics in 1890, a strong showing with Buffalo in 1891, Scheffler never played again in the major leagues, he did play 17 seasons in the minor leagues, including prolonged stints with the Troy Trojans, Springfield Ponies/Maroons and Newark Colts. Across all 17 minor league seasons, Scheffler compiled a.314 batting average, scored 1,143 runs, contributed 95 triples and 475 stolen bases. Scheffler died in 1949 in the Jamaica, section of New York City
OS/360 known as IBM System/360 Operating System, is a discontinued batch processing operating system developed by IBM for their then-new System/360 mainframe computer, announced in 1964. It was one of the earliest operating systems to require the computer hardware to include at least one direct access storage device. Although OS/360 itself was discontinued, successor operating systems including the virtual storage MVS and the 64-bit z/OS are still run as of 2018 and maintain application-level compatibility. IBM announced three different levels of OS/360, generated from the same tapes and sharing most of their code. IBM renamed these options and made some significant design changes: Single Sequential Scheduler Option 1 Primary Control Program Multiple Sequential Schedulers Option 2 Multiprogramming with a Fixed number of Tasks MFT 2 Multiple Priority Schedulers Option 4 VMS Multiprogramming with a Variable number of Tasks Model 65 Multiprocessing Users coined nicknames, e.g. Big OS, OS/MFT, but none of these names had any official recognition by IBM.
The other major operating system for System/360 hardware was DOS/360. OS/360 can be downloaded freely; as well as being run on actual System/360 hardware, it can be executed on the free Hercules emulator, which runs under most UNIX and Unix-like systems including GNU/Linux and macOS, as well as Windows. There are OS/360 turnkey CDs that provide pregenerated OS/360 21.8 systems ready to run under Hercules. IBM intended that System/360 should have only one batch-oriented operating system, OS/360, capable of running on machines as small as 32 KiB, it intended to supply a separate timesharing operating system, TSS/360, for the System/360 Model 67. There are at least two accounts of why IBM decided to produce other, simpler batch-oriented operating systems: because it found that the "approximately 1.5 million instructions that enable the system to operate with no manual intervention" comprising OS/360 would not fit into the limited memory available on the smaller System/360 models. IBM introduced a series of stop-gaps to prevent System/360 hardware sales from collapsing—first BOS/360 TOS/360, DOS/360, which became a mainstream operating system and is the ancestor of today's used z/VSE.
IBM released three variants of OS/360: PCP, a stop-gap which could run only one job at a time, in 1966. MFT and MVT were used until at least 1981, a decade after their successors had been launched; the division between MFT and MVT arose because of storage limitations and scheduling constraints. IBM maintained that MFT and MVT were "two configurations of the OS/360 control program", although IBM described them as "separate versions of OS/360". IBM wrote OS/360 in assembly language. On, IBM wrote some OS/360 code in a new language, Basic Systems Language, derived from PL/I. A large amount of the TSO code in Release 20 was written in BSL. TSS/360 was so late and unreliable that IBM canceled it, although IBM supplied three releases of the TSS/370 PRPQ. By this time CP-67 was running well enough for IBM to offer it without warranty as a timesharing facility for a few large customers; these three options offered such similar facilities that porting applications between them required minimal effort. The text below treats PCP, MFT and MVT as new names for the original SSS, MSS and MPS, although there were some design changes.
The text does not distinguish between M65MP and MVT. PCP, MFT and MVT are not separate operating systems from OS/360, they are only install-time configuration options—in today's words, three different variants of the OS Nucleus and Scheduler. However, because of quite different behavior and memory requirements, users consider them de facto separate operating systems, refer to them as "early OS/360", "OS/MFT", "OS/MVT", respectively. MFT differs from MVT in the way in which it manages memory: when installing MFT, customers specify a fixed number of "partitions", areas of memory with fixed boundaries, in which application programs can be run simultaneously. Primary Control Program was intended for machines with small memories, it is similar to MFT with one partition. Experience indicated that it was not advisable to install OS/360 on systems with less than 128 KiB of memory, although limited production use was possible on much smaller machines, such as 48 KiB of memory. IBM dropped the PCP option in the final releases of OS/360, leaving only MFT II and MVT, both of which required more memory.
Referred to as SYS=MIN in macro expansions that were system-dependent. Multiprogramming with a Fixed number of Tasks was intended to serve as a stop-gap until Multiprogramming with a Variable number of Tasks, the intended "target" configuration of OS/360, became available in 1967. Early versions of MVT had many problems, so the simpler MFT continued to be used for many years. After introducing new System/370 machines with virtual memory in 1972, IBM developed MFT 2 into OS/VS1, the last system of this particular line; the first
Razor Boy Music Publishing is a Swedish independent music publishing company. It launched its operations on June 1, 2008. Founded and owned by Fredrik Olsson, managing the day-to-day operations creatively and administrative, Anders Bagge is a silent partner/co-owner. Razor Boy has since the start contracted a number of talented songwriters which has achieved global success. Songwriters signed to Razor Boy include Mim and Liv Nervo who have written hits such as "When Love Takes Over" by David Guetta featuring Kelly Rowland, as well as numerous songs with other major acts such as Kesha, Kylie Minogue, Pussycat Dolls, Miley Cyrus, Armin van Buuren, etc. Jo Perry is another songwriter known for singles with Loick Essien, Peter Andre, Cheryl Cole and Union J. Jo has written all songs for the girl group Stooshe as well, such as their debut hit song "Love Me" and the smash hit "Black Heart", which became one of the biggest hits of 2012/2013 in the UK. Didrik Thott is a songwriter whose merits include tracks with many international stars such as Celine Dion, Namie Amuro, Armin van Buuren, etc.
Razor Boy have another 10 songwriters and producers work in the catalogue with cuts worldwide. Since its start in 2008, Razor Boy has achieved numerous number-one singles and albums in the US, UK, Japan and various countries around the world. David Guetta feat. Kelly Rowland – ”When Love Takes Over” David Guetta feat. Kelly Rowland – ”It's the Way You Love Me” David Guetta – ”Sound of Letting Go” Kesha – ”Boots and Boys” Kesha – ”VIP” Cheryl Cole – ”Only Human” Kylie Minogue - ”Put Your Hands Up ” Stooshe – ”Black Heart” Stooshe – ”Love Me” Stooshe - ”Slip” Stooshe – London with the Lights On Celine Dion – ”Shadow of Love” Union J – ”Beautiful Life” Allison Iraheta – ”Don`t Waste the Pretty” Charice – ”Nothing” Armin van Buuren feat. Sophie Ellis Bextor – ”Not Giving Up on Love” Armin van Buuren – ”Broken Tonight” Armin van Buuren feat. Nadia Ali – ”Feels So Good” Armina van Buuren feat. Laura V – ”Drowning” Kumi Koda – ”Bambi” Exile – ”Rising Sun” Kat-Tun – ”Cosmic Child” Kat-Tun – ”My Secret” Kat-Tun – ”Dangerous” Hey Say Jump – ”Jump Around the World” Girls Generation – ”Library” Girls Generation – ”All My Love Is for You” Girls Generation – ”Flyers” Namie Amuro – ”Hot Girls” Namie Amuro – ”Only You” Namie Amuro – ”In the Spotlight ” EXO – ”3.6.5”
The T-70 was a light tank used by the Red Army during World War II, replacing both the T-60 scout tank for reconnaissance and the T-50 light infantry tank for infantry support. The T-80 light tank was a more advanced version of the T-70 with a two-man turret—it was produced only in small numbers when light tank production was abandoned; the T-90 self-propelled anti-aircraft gun was a prototype vehicle with twin machine guns, based on the T-70 chassis. The T-70 was armed with a 45-mm L/46 gun Model 38 with forty-five rounds carried, a coaxial 7.62-mm DT machine gun. The tank was operated by a commander who loaded and fired the gun. Armour thickness on the turret front was 60 mm, turret sides and rear: 35 mm, hull front and sides: 45 mm, roof and bottom: 10 mm. By 1942, light tanks were considered inadequate by the Red Army, unable to keep up with the T-34 medium tank and unable to penetrate the armour of most German tanks, but they could be produced by small factories that were unable to handle the large components of medium and heavy tanks.
The T-70 was an attempt to remedy some of the shortcomings of the T-60 scout tank, which had poor cross-country mobility, thin armour, an inadequate 20-mm gun. It replaced the short production run of the T-50 light infantry tank, more sophisticated, but much too complicated and expensive to produce; the T-70 was designed by Nicholas Astrov's design team at Factory No. 38 in Kirov. The first batch of T-70s were built with a GAZ-202 automotive engine on each side of the hull, one driving each track; this arrangement was seen to be a serious problem before the first tanks were issued. It was redesigned as the T-70M, with the engines in-line on the right side of the tank and a normal transmission and differential; the conical turret was replaced by one more welded out of plate armour, moved to the left side of the hull. Curiously after the T-70's production line was redesigned, SU-76 self-propelled guns started to be built with the same unsatisfactory unsynchronized two-engine layout, all of them were recalled for factory rebuilding as SU-76Ms.
T-70s were put into production in March 1942 at Zavod No. 37, along with T-60 production at GAZ and Zavod No. 38. They replaced T-60 production in September 1942, although that tank remained in use until the end of the war. Production ended with 8,226 vehicles completed. In April 1942, the conical turrets on early-production machines were replaced with new welded turrets; the end of the T-70's production run was built with two 85-hp GAZ-203 engines, a Mark 4 commander's periscope replacing a vision slit, other improvements. The T-70 remained in service until 1948; the one-man turret of the Soviet light tanks made co-ordinating a tank platoon nearly impossible, because the commanders were kept busy acquiring targets and firing the main gun and machine gun, commanding their drivers. The infantry tank role was considered obsolete; the SU-76 self-propelled gun was better suited for infantry support, its 76.2-mm gun capable of firing a larger high explosive shell. Industrial resources could be redirected from light tanks to building SU-76s.
In an attempt to compensate, the T-80 light tank was designed, a more robust version of the T-70 with a two-man turret. But there was enough lend-lease equipment available to fulfill the reconnaissance role of the light tanks, armoured cars were better suited for light scouting and liaison. All light tank production was cancelled in October 1943. No further light tanks would be built during the war. In November 1943 Red Army tank units were reorganized: light tanks were replaced by the T-34 and the new T-34-85 variant, which started production the following month. Light tanks continued to be used in some other units; the Soviets did start development work on an amphibious light tank in 1945, resulting in the post-war PT-76, introduced in 1954. On 6 July 1943, a T-70 commanded by Lieutenant B. V. Pavlovich of the 49th Guards Tank Brigade destroyed four German tanks near the village of Pokrovka. On 26 March 1944, Sergeant Alexander Pegov of the 3rd Guards tank army, commanding a single T-70, saw a column of 18 German tanks approaching.
He took an ambush position hidden by foliage and he waited. After a German PzKpfw V “Panther” tank came within 150 to 200 metres, the T-70 opened fire with APCR ammunition and set fire to one Panther and immobilized another; the knocked-out Panthers blocked the road. Pegov was decorated as a Hero of the Soviet Union. SU-76 self-propelled gun: tank destroyer with a 76mm ZiS-3 cannon mounted on a T-70 chassis. T-90 self-propelled anti-aircraft gun: the Soviet Union lacked tracked, armoured self-propelled anti-aircraft guns at the beginning of World War II; the first serious design of a real air-defence vehicle was in 1942, when a twin 12.7 mm DShK machine gun turret with optical sights was built for mounting on the T-60 scout tank. The T-70 became available in the meantime, was adopted as the basis for the T-90 self-propelled anti-aircraft gun; the program was cancelled in 1943, in favour of the ZSU-37 37 mm self-propelled anti-aircraft gun, built on an SU-76 chassis. The ZSU-37 used the cannon developed for the M1939 towed carriage.
ZUT-37: prototype anti-aircraft tank armed with a Sh-37 cannon. The tank was not accepted into production. List of Soviet tanks - covers all periods Notes BibliographyZaloga, Steven J.. Soviet Tanks and Combat Vehicles of World War Two. London: Arms and Armou