Queensland is the second-largest and third-most populous state in the Commonwealth of Australia. Situated in the north-east of the country, it is bordered by the Northern Territory, South Australia and New South Wales to the west, south-west and south respectively. To the east, Queensland is bordered by the Coral Pacific Ocean. To its north is the Torres Strait, with Papua New Guinea located less than 200 km across it from the mainland; the state is the world's sixth-largest sub-national entity, with an area of 1,852,642 square kilometres. As of 15 May 2018, Queensland has a population of 5,000,000, concentrated along the coast and in the state's South East; the capital and largest city in the state is Australia's third-largest city. Referred to as the "Sunshine State", Queensland is home to 10 of Australia's 30 largest cities and is the nation's third-largest economy. Tourism in the state, fuelled by its warm tropical climate, is a major industry. Queensland was first inhabited by Torres Strait Islanders.
The first European to land in Queensland was Dutch navigator Willem Janszoon in 1606, who explored the west coast of the Cape York Peninsula near present-day Weipa. In 1770, Lieutenant James Cook claimed the east coast of Australia for the Kingdom of Great Britain; the colony of New South Wales was founded in 1788 by Governor Arthur Phillip at Sydney. Queensland was explored in subsequent decades until the establishment of a penal colony at Brisbane in 1824 by John Oxley. Penal transportation ceased in 1839 and free settlement was allowed from 1842; the state was named in honour of Queen Victoria, who on 6 June 1859 signed Letters Patent separating the colony from New South Wales. Queensland Day is celebrated annually statewide on 6 June. Queensland was one of the six colonies which became the founding states of Australia with federation on 1 January 1901; the history of Queensland spans thousands of years, encompassing both a lengthy indigenous presence, as well as the eventful times of post-European settlement.
The north-eastern Australian region was explored by Dutch and French navigators before being encountered by Lieutenant James Cook in 1770. The state has witnessed frontier warfare between European settlers and Indigenous inhabitants, as well as the exploitation of cheap Kanaka labour sourced from the South Pacific through a form of forced recruitment known at the time as "blackbirding"; the Australian Labor Party has its origin as a formal organisation in Queensland and the town of Barcaldine is the symbolic birthplace of the party. June 2009 marked the 150th anniversary of its creation as a separate colony from New South Wales. A rare record of early settler life in north Queensland can be seen in a set of ten photographic glass plates taken in the 1860s by Richard Daintree, in the collection of the National Museum of Australia; the Aboriginal occupation of Queensland is thought to predate 50,000 BC via boat or land bridge across Torres Strait, became divided into over 90 different language groups.
During the last ice age Queensland's landscape became more arid and desolate, making food and other supplies scarce. This led to the world's first seed-grinding technology. Warming again made the land hospitable, which brought high rainfall along the eastern coast, stimulating the growth of the state's tropical rainforests. In February 1606, Dutch navigator Willem Janszoon landed near the site of what is now Weipa, on the western shore of Cape York; this was the first recorded landing of a European in Australia, it marked the first reported contact between European and Aboriginal Australian people. The region was explored by French and Spanish explorers prior to the arrival of Lieutenant James Cook in 1770. Cook claimed the east coast under instruction from King George III of the United Kingdom on 22 August 1770 at Possession Island, naming Eastern Australia, including Queensland,'New South Wales'; the Aboriginal population declined after a smallpox epidemic during the late 18th century. In 1823, John Oxley, a British explorer, sailed north from what is now Sydney to scout possible penal colony sites in Gladstone and Moreton Bay.
At Moreton Bay, he found the Brisbane River. He established a settlement at what is now Redcliffe; the settlement known as Edenglassie, was transferred to the current location of the Brisbane city centre. Edmund Lockyer discovered outcrops of coal along the banks of the upper Brisbane River in 1825. In 1839 transportation of convicts was ceased, culminating in the closure of the Brisbane penal settlement. In 1842 free settlement was permitted. In 1847, the Port of Maryborough was opened as a wool port; the first free immigrant ship to arrive in Moreton Bay was the Artemisia, in 1848. In 1857, Queensland's first lighthouse was built at Cape Moreton. A war, sometimes called a "war of extermination", erupted between Aborigines and settlers in colonial Queensland; the Frontier War was notable for being the most bloody in Australia due to Queensland's larger pre-contact indigenous population when compared to the other Australian colonies. About 1,500 European settlers and their alli
Cairns is a city in the Cairns Region, Australia. It is on the east coast of Far North Queensland; the city is the 5th-most-populous in ranks 14th overall in Australia. Cairns was founded in 1876 and named after William Wellington Cairns, Governor of Queensland from 1875 to 1877, it was formed to serve miners heading for the Hodgkinson River goldfield, but declined when an easier route was discovered from Port Douglas. It developed into a railhead and major port for exporting sugar cane and other metals and agricultural products from surrounding coastal areas and the Atherton Tableland region; the population of the Cairns urban area at the 2016 Census was 144,787. Based on 2015 data, the associated local government area has experienced an average annual growth rate of 2.3% over the last 10 years. Cairns is a popular tourist destination because of its tropical climate and access to both nearby tropical rainforest and the Great Barrier Reef, one of the seven natural wonders of the world. Prior to British settlement, the Cairns area was inhabited by the Gimuy Walubara Yidinji people, who still claim their Native Title rights.
The area is known in the local Yidiny language as Gimuy. From 1770 to the early 1870s the area was known to the British as Trinity Bay; the arrival of beche de mer fishermen from the late 1860s saw the first European presence in the area. On the site of the modern-day Cairns foreshore, there was a large native well, used by these fishermen. A violent confrontation occurred in 1872 between local Yidinji people and Phillip Garland, a beche de mer fisherman, over the use of this well; the area from this date was subsequently called Battle Camp. In 1876, hastened by the need to export gold mined from the Hodgkinson goldfields on the tablelands to the west, closer investigation by several official expeditions established its potential for development into a port. Brinsley G. Sheridan surveyed the area and selected a place further up Trinity Inlet known to the diggers as Smith's Landing for a settlement which he renamed Thornton. However, after Native Police officers Alexander Douglas-Douglas and Robert Arthur Johnstone opened a new track from the goldfields to Battle Camp, this more coastal site became preferable.
Battle Camp was renamed Cairns in late 1876 in honour of the Governor of Queensland, William Cairns. The site was sand ridges. Labourers cleared the swamps, the sand ridges were filled with dried mud, sawdust from local sawmills, ballast from a quarry at Edge Hill. Debris from the construction of a railway to Herberton on the Atherton Tableland, a project which started in 1886, was used; the railway opened up land used for agriculture on the lowlands, for fruit and dairy production on the Tableland. The success of local agriculture helped establish Cairns as a port, the creation of a harbour board in 1906 supported its economic future. On 25 April 1926, the Cairns Sailors and Soldiers War Memorial was unveiled by Alexander Frederick Draper, the mayor of the City of Cairns. During World War II, the Allied Forces used Cairns as a staging base for operations in the Pacific, with United States Army Air Forces and Royal Australian Air Force operational bases, as well as a major military seaplane base in Trinity Inlet, United States Navy and Royal Australian Navy bases near the current wharf.
Combat missions were flown out of Cairns in support of the Battle of the Coral Sea in 1942. Edmonton and White Rock south of Cairns were major military supply areas and U. S. Paratroopers trained at the Goldsborough Valley. A Special Forces training base was established at the old "Fairview" homestead on Munro's Hill, Mooroobool; this base was known as the Z Experimental Station, but referred to informally as "The House on the Hill". After World War II, Cairns developed into a centre for tourism; the opening of the Cairns International Airport in 1984 helped establish the city as a desirable destination for international tourism. According to the 2016 census of Population, there were 144,787 people in Cairns. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 8.9% of the population. 67.9% of people were born in Australia. The next most common countries of birth were England 4.0%, New Zealand 3.1%, Papua New Guinea 1.5%, Philippines 1.2% and Japan 1.1%. 76.9% of people only spoke English at home.
Other languages spoken at home included Japanese 1.6%, Mandarin 0.8%, Italian 0.7%, Korean 0.7% and German 0.6%. The most common responses for religion were No Religion 32.1%, Catholic 22.4% and Anglican 13.2%. Cairns is located on the east coast of Cape York Peninsula on a coastal strip between the Coral Sea and the Great Dividing Range; the northern part of the city is located on Trinity Bay and the city centre is located on Trinity Inlet. To the south of the Trinity Inlet lies the Aboriginal community of Yarrabah; some of the city's suburbs are located on flood plains. The Mulgrave River and Barron River flow within the greater Cairns area but not through the CBD; the city's centre foreshore is located on a mud flat. Cairns is a provincial city, with a linear urban layout that runs from the south at Edmonton to the north at Ellis Beach; the city is 52 km from north to south. The Northern Beaches consist of a number of beach communities extending north along the coast. In general, each beach suburb is at the end of a spur road extending from the Captain Cook Highway.
From south to north, these are Machans Beach, Holloways Beach, Yorkeys Knob, Trinity Park, Trinity B
Normanton is a small cattle town and locality in the Shire of Carpentaria in Queensland, Australia. In the 2016 census, Normanton had a population of 1,210 people of whom 743 were Indigenous Australians; the town is one terminus of the isolated Normanton to Croydon railway line, built during gold rush days in the 1890s. The Gulflander motor train operates once a week. Normanton is the administrative centre of Shire of Carpentaria. Among Normanton's most notable features is a statue of an 8.64 m long saltwater crocodile named Krys, the largest taken, shot by Krystina Pawlowska in July 1957 in the Norman River. Barramundi and Threadfin Salmon may be caught in the river; the Big Barramundi, 6 m long is located in the town. Normanton is in the Gulf Country region of northwest Queensland, just south of the Gulf of Carpentaria, on the Norman River. An unusual feature 106 km southwest of Normanton is Bang Bang Jump Up, one of the few hills located in the middle of an expansive, flat grassland; the town takes its name from the Norman River, named in honour of William Henry Norman of the Victorian Naval Force, who commanded a ship in the search for the explorers Burke and Wills and conducted hydrographic surveys of the Gulf of Carpentaria and the Torres Strait to identify reefs and other marine hazards.
The site for the town was selected because Burketown was abandoned owing to flooding. Settlers moved into the town in 1867. Normanton attracted people including Chinese drawn to the gold fields. Norman River Post Office opened on 13 June 1868 and was renamed Normanton by 1872; the town contains operating Burns Philp store in Queensland. The general mercantile store and agency office was opened in 1884; the population reached 1,251 by 1891. The gold boom was short-lived. By 1947 the town's population had declined to 234. In the early years there was a large Aboriginal population as well; some Aboriginal people were moved to Mornington Doomadgee in the early 20th century. The Normanton library was opened in 2004. In 2006 census, the town's population was 60 per cent of whom were Indigenous Australians. Normanton has a number of heritage-listed sites, including: Burke and Wills Access Road: Burke and Wills Camp B/CXIX Burke Developmental Road: Normanton Cemetery 27 Haigh Street: Normanton Gaol cnr Landsborough Street and Caroline Street: Burns Philp Building Landsborough Street: Westpac Bank Building Matilda Street: Normanton railway station Normanton to Croydon: Normanton to Croydon railway line Like other Gulf communities the prawning industry makes an important economic contribution to the town.
Tourism has become an important part of the economy of Normanton, with Gulflander a significant draw-card. Normanton has a sports centre, golf course, bowling green, gun club, rodeo ground, an aerodrome. Normanton public library and visitor information services are located in the historic Burns Philp Building at the corner of Caroline and Landsborough Streets; the Normanton branch of the Queensland Country Women's Association has its rooms in Landsborough Street. Normanton State School opened on 8 September 1882; the school celebrated its centenary in 1982. Six kilometres south of the town is the start of the Gulf Developmental Road, part of the Savannah Way tourist drive. A 151km remnant of historical railway operates weekly to Croydon; the Normanton railway station features a large steel frame with an open canopy to provide shade. Normanton has a tropical savanna climate with two distinct seasons. There is a hot and uncomfortable wet season from December to March and a hot and rainless dry season extending from April to November.
During the wet season most roads in the area are closed by heavy rainfall, which on several occasions has exceeded 650 millimetres in a month or 250 millimetres in a day from tropical cyclones. On occasions, as with all of Queensland, the wet season may fail and deliver as little as 240 millimetres between December 1934 and March 1935Temperatures are uniformly hot, ranging from 36.8 °C in November just before the wet season begins to 29 °C at the height of the dry season in July. In the wet season, temperatures are marginally lower, but high humidity means conditions are uncomfortable and wet bulb temperatures averages 25 °C and can reach 28 °C. In the dry season, lower humidity, cloudless days and cool nights provides for more pleasant conditions. Normanton Airport "Normanton". Encyclopædia Britannica. 19. 1911. P. 765. University of Queensland: Queensland Places:Normanton Normanton Normanton page from Carpentaria Shire Council website Town map of Normanton, 1983
Wujal Wujal is a small Aboriginal community on the north and south sides of the Bloomfield River in northern Queensland, Australia. It has an area of 19.94 square kilometres of land. At the 2006 census, Wujal Wujal had a population of 326, it is located 30 kilometres north of Cape Tribulation and 60 kilometres south of Cooktown. Access to the community is via sealed road from Cooktown, or by the Bloomfield Track, an unsealed road from Cape Tribulation, only suitable for four wheel drive vehicles; this is due to the gradient of the terrain and the many streams and rivers that make up the Daintree drainage basin which cross the path at regular intervals. During high waterflow the road from Cape Tribulation is impassable; the rare Bloomfield River Cod is found only in the Bloomfield River and is named after this community. The community of Wujal Wujal is located in the Cape York region with the surrounding environment and cultural tourism attracting many people to the region. Wujal Wujal is part of the traditional homelands of the Eastern Kuku Yalanji.
The name ‘Wujal Wujal’ or ‘many falls’ is derived from the local language. There are several Indigenous languages spoken within this community; the Bloomfield River mission was established on land belonging to the Kuku-Yalanji people. The first recorded Europeans to visit the Bloomfield River were Royal Navy Lieutenant Commander Frederick Bedwell and Captain Phillip Parker King on board the HMS Mermaid on a hydrological survey of the east coast of Australia. In June 1819, HMS Mermaid anchored in Weary Bay and:"Mr. Bedwell was sent to examine the opening, called Blomfield's Rivulet …Near the entrance upon the bank of the inlet several huts were noticed, near them Mr. Bedwell found a canoe. In 1872, William Hann was commissioned by the Queensland Government to explore Cape York Peninsula to assess its mineral and land resources. On their return, the party reached the coast at Weary Bay and followed the Bloomfield River upstream. Hann was responsible for discovering and naming the Palmer and Daintree rivers.
One of Hann’s party discovered gold on the Palmer River. After hearing of the discovery, James Venture Mulligan led an expedition to the Palmer River in 1873. Mulligan reported that the sandbars of the river glittered with gold, which started a huge gold rush to the district. By late 1873, the first government officials and prospectors came ashore at the Endeavour River accompanied by a detachment of Native Police. In 1874, Cooktown was established. Within 4 months and the Palmer River goldfield had a population of about 3,000 people, many of whom were Chinese immigrants. By 1880, the population of Cooktown had grown to about 7,000. Conflict between the Europeans and local Aboriginal people began immediately. In October 1873, 93 miners set out from the Endeavour River to blaze a track to the Palmer River. There were several skirmishes along the way, culminating in a pitched battle between about 150 Aboriginal warriors and the expedition members at their camp near the Normanby River; the site of this encounter was subsequently named ‘Battle Camp’.
A contemporary newspaper published the following account of the battle from one of the expedition members:"Blacks surprised us at daybreak, about 150, all were armed. They were unable to penetrate the thick scrub; the Native Police officer reported that they had found the Aborigines "exceedingly daring appearing in most threatening attitudes" and had to disperse them on three or four occasions". In 1875, a prospecting party on the Bloomfield River was attacked and driven back to Cooktown by Aboriginal people; the Native Police established a camp at Laura in 1875. A further detachment under the command of Sub-Inspector O’Connor arrived in January 1876; the first pastoralists in the Bloomfield River district were Frederick Bauer. Bauer established the Bloomfield River Sugar Company on the north side of the river with imported Malay labour; the town of Ayton was established around the sugar mill. The Kuku Yalanji people continued to resist the invasion of their lands by the miners and timber getters.
Frontier violence in the region was a frequent occurrence during the 1870s, resulting in hundreds of casualties. During the 1880s there was a gradual change in north Queensland in the government policy of taking the country by lethal force. Instead, Aboriginal people were removed off their country on to missions, where they would not trouble the settlers and provided a cheap source of labour; this policy change resulted in a decision to establish two Aboriginal reserves in the Cooktown district. In 1885, Lutheran missionary Johann Flierl was travelling to New Guinea to establish a mission, when he was unexpectedly delayed in Cooktown. While there, he negotiated with the Queensland Government to establish a mission close to Cooktown at Cape Be
Croydon is a town and locality within the Shire of Croydon in Queensland, Australia. At the 2011 census, the town and surrounding area recorded a population of 312 people, it is a terminus for the Normanton to Croydon railway line, which operates the Gulflander tourist train. The historic goldrush town of Croydon is located in the heart of the Gulf Savannah, 529 kilometres west of Cairns. Mining in the area drove out the Bugulmara people indigenous to the area. Croydon was a large pastoral holding owned by Alexander Brown and Margaret Chalmers that covered an area of 5,000 square kilometres, when first settled in the 1880s; the town's name is derived from a pastoral run name, used by their sons, Alexander Brown and William Chalmers Brown, pastoralists. Gold was discovered in 1885 and by 1887, the town's population had reached 7,000. Croydon Post Office opened on 20 March 1886. Croydon State School was established on 12 September 1889 but did not open until 7 July 1890. Gold was to be the main economic production of the area for four decades.
The Mining Warden left in 1926. During its heyday, Croydon was the fourth largest town in the colony of Queensland. In 1917, Dr. Elkington, Director of the Division of Tropical Hygiene, Commonwealth Department of Health, was concerned about health and hygiene of its growing population, contemplated conducting a statistical and social survey of the town, which did not eventuate. Elkington's interest in sociological surveys of gathering social and economic details on a population developed into the 1924 Sociological Survey of White Women conducted from the Institute of Tropical Medicine in Townsville. Croydon has a much smaller population, having decreased following the end of the gold rush; the population is now a few hundred people. The town is one of the termini for the Gulflander railway, opened for the gold rush in 1891 but now a tourist railway operated by Traveltrain. In early 2009, the close proximity of a receding cyclone ex-Cyclone Charlotte, caused torrential rain and Croydon to be flooded.
An estimated $5 million of damage was made to town infrastructure. Croydon has a number of heritage-listed sites, including: Croydon: Homeward Bound Battery and Dam Gulf Developmental Road: Content Mine Gulf Developmental Road: Richmond Mine and Battery Helen Street: Croydon railway station Julia Creek Road: Croydon Cemetery Normanton Road: Golden Gate Mining and Town Complex Normanton Road: Station Creek Cemetery Normanton to Croydon: Normanton to Croydon railway line Off Gulf Developmental Road: Chinese Temple and Settlement Site Samwell Street: Court House Samwell Street: Croydon Shire Hall Samwell Street: Police Station Sircom Street: Croydon Hospital Ward Tabletop Cemetery West of the railway station: Old Croydon Cemetery Croydon has a swimming pool, golf course, lawn bowls, a museum, a tourist information centre, caravan park and a primary school; the Croydon Shire Council operates a public library at 63 Samwell Street. Croydon State School is a government primary school in Brown Street.
In 2014, it had 42 students enrolled with 2 classes with 3 teachers. Water supply is sourced from Lake Belmore. Croydon was mentioned in the 1950 novel A Town Like Alice by Nevil Shute, as an example of a abandoned gold rush town. Australian Country music singer-songwriter Jamey Fitzgerald had lived in Croydon during his teen age years and early adulthood. In 2012 he was featured on television Channel 9 discussing his life living in the town. Media related to Croydon, Queensland at Wikimedia Commons University of Queensland: Queensland Places: Croydon and Croydon Shire "Heritage Precinct". Croydon Shire Council
Georgetown is a town and locality in the Shire of Etheridge, Australia. In the 2011 census, Georgetown had a population of 243 people. Georgetown is on the Etheridge River in Australia; the Gulf Developmental Road passes through the town, linking Cairns - 380 kilometres to the east - and Normanton - 301 kilometres to the west. Georgetown is the administrative headquarters of the Shire of Etheridge, a local government area encompassing the nearby settlements of Mount Surprise and Einasleigh. Georgetown area may have been part of North America 1.7 billion years ago based on the characteristics of rocks found in Georgetown matching those of northern Canada rather than the rest of Australia. Researchers at Curtin University have postulated that 100 million years this landmass collided with what is now northern Australia, at the Mount Isa region, forming the Nuna supercontinent. Georgetown was on the northern border of Ewamin lands; the Etheridge River was the site of a gold rush in the 1870s. Known by the name Etheridge, the town's name was changed in 1871 to honour an early gold commissioner, Howard St George.
Georgetown Post Office opened on 15 January 1872. Georgetown State School opened on 14 September 1874. By 1900 grazing had replaced gold mining as the region's primary source of income; the Georgetown Public Library opened in 2003. At the 2006 census, Georgetown had a population of 254. Georgetown has a number of heritage-listed sites, including: Gulf Developmental Road: Aspasia Mine and Battery South Street: Antbed House Georgetown has a racecourse, swimming pool and a tourist information centre and camping/caravan park; the Etheridge Shire Council operates a public library at Georgetown. The Georgetown branch of the Queensland Country Women's Association has its rooms on the Gulf Developmental Road; the Terrestrial Information Centre contains the Ted Elliot Mineral Collection, comprising over 4500 local and international mineral specimens. In 2014, Georgetown State School had an enrolment of 57 students with 3 teachers. Georgetown is one of the real locations mentioned several times in the novel A Town Like Alice by Nevil Shute.
University of Queensland: Queensland Places: Georgetown Etheridge Shire Council Town information Town map, 1983 1.7-Billion-Year-Old Chunk of North America Found Sticking to Australia
Innisfail is a town and locality in the Cassowary Coast Region in Far North Queensland, Australia. The town was called Geraldton until 1910, it is the major township of the Cassowary Coast Region and is well renowned for its sugar and banana industries, as well as for being one of Australia's wettest towns. In March 2006 Innisfail gained worldwide attention when severe Tropical Cyclone Larry passed over causing extensive damage. In the 2011 census, the town of Innisfail had a population of 7,176 people. Prior to European settlement the Innisfail area was occupied by five separate societies of the Mamu people; these Aboriginal people followed migratory lifestyles in the rainforest and traversed rivers in string-bark canoes. The first arrival of European people came in 1872 when survivors of the shipwreck, the "Maria" arrived on the coastal areas surrounding what is now the Johnstone River. Sub-Inspector Robert Arthur Johnstone of the Native Police came with the intention of rescuing remaining survivors and collectively punishing Aboriginals thought to have killed a number of the shipwrecked crew.
In mid 1873, Johnstone returned to the area as part of another punitive mission and ventured further upriver between what is today Flying Fish Point and Coquette Point. Johnstone wrote highly of the area, stating:A most glorious view appeared - a noble reach of fresh water, studded with blacks with their canoes and catamarans, others on the sandy beaches. In October 1873, Johnstone again returned as part of the Northeast Coast Expedition led by the explorer George Elphinstone Dalrymple. British settlement was first established at the junction of the north and south branches of the Johnstone River by this expedition on the 5th October 1873, it was named Nind's Camp after Philip Henry Nind. In 1879, Irishman Thomas Henry FitzGerald arrived in the area to establish a sugar industry, he was accompanied by large numbers of Kanaka South Sea Islanders workers accompanied by smaller numbers of Irish labourers. The house built by FitzGerald and thus the first establishment in the area was called Innisfallen, after the largest island in the Lakes of Killarney, Ireland.
Inis Fáil is an ancient Irish name for Ireland itself. The name is used in the rarely-sung third verse of the Irish national anthem; the stone mentioned may be the stone at Co Meath, at which high kings of Ireland were crowned. From 1879, the settlement was named Geraldton after FitzGerald, but in 1910 was renamed "Innisfail" to avoid confusion with the town of the same name in Western Australia. Johnstone River Post Office opened on 1 November 1882, was renamed Geraldton two months and Innisfail in 1910. In May 1885, the Queensland Government called for tenders to build the Geraldton Hospital to replace the existing tent hospital. In 1906 Patrick Leahy established the Johnstone River Advocate newspaper, it was renamed the Johnstone River Advocate and Innisfail News, the Evening Advocate, the Innisfail Chronicle. The newspaper continues to be published as the Innisfail Advocate; the 1920s and 1930s saw the beginning of a major period of settlement by Italian immigrants and noteworthy populations from Greece and Malta.
In this period populations from Yugoslavia and the Philippines would settle in the area. Local rugby league footballer Kerry Boustead was the only player from outside the Sydney and Brisbane Leagues selected to represent Australia on the 1978 Kangaroo tour; the Innisfail War Memorial in Jack Fossey Park on Fitzgerald Esplanade was dedicated on 16 April 2005. In the 2006 census, Innisfail had a population of 8,262 people. Today the town still boasts many good examples of the Art Deco and Streamline Moderne styles of architecture. Innisfail State School opened on 18 July 1887 and Innisfail East State School opened on 3 February 1936. Innisfail State High School was open from 24 January 1955 until 2009 when it was amalgamated with the Innisfail Inclusive Education Centre - A State Special School and Tropical North Queensland TAFE to form Innisfail State College Innisfail has a number of heritage-listed sites, including: 10 Edith Street: Innisfail Courthouse 134 Edith Street: See Poy House Fitzgerald Esplanade: Canecutters Memorial 70 Rankin Street: Johnstone Shire Hall 90 Rankin Street: Mother of Good Counsel Catholic Church 114 Rankin Street: St Andrew's Presbyterian Memorial Church Innisfail is diverse.
There are populations of indigenous Australians, South Asians and East Asians. Popular annual events to celebrate Innisfail's diversity include: Kulture Karnival Festival Innisfail Feast of the Senses Feast of the Three SaintsIn 2001 Los Angeles band Sugar Ray filmed part of their music DVD "Music in High Places" at the Johnstone Crocodile Farm in Innisfail; the township has only 2 secondary schools: Good Counsel College and Innisfail State College and a single business district. There are many events that act predominantly as community events, the main ones include: The Innisfail Rodeo Harvest Festival Annual ShowWhile Innisfail was always reputed to have a positive sense of community spirit, the aftermath of Tropical Cyclone Larry and the unified cleanup effort acted to promote this spirit through shared suffering; the Cassowary Coast Regional Council operates a public library at 49 Rankin Street. The current library opened in 2015; the Innisfail branch of the Queensland C