Erysipelas is a bacterial infection of the upper dermis extending to the subcutaneous lymphatic vessels which causes a rash characterized by a well-defined area or areas of bright red and rough or leathery skin. It affects skin on the face, legs and feet, it is caused by beta-hemolytic group A Streptococcus bacteria on scratches or otherwise infected areas. Erysipelas is more superficial than cellulitis, is more raised and demarcated; the term is from Greek ἐρυσίπελας, meaning "red skin". In animals, erysipelas is a disease caused by infection with the bacterium Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae; the disease caused in animals is called Diamond Skin Disease, which occurs in pigs. Heart valves and skin are affected. Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae can infect humans, but in that case the infection is known as erysipeloid. Affected individuals develop symptoms including high fevers, chills, headaches and general illness within 48 hours of the initial infection; the erythematous skin lesion enlarges and has a demarcated, raised edge.
It appears as a red, swollen and painful rash, similar in consistency to an orange peel. More severe infections can result in vesicles and petechiae, with possible skin necrosis. Lymph nodes may be swollen, lymphedema may occur. A red streak extending to the lymph node can be seen; the infection may occur on any part of the skin, including the face, fingers and toes. Fat tissue and facial areas around the eyes and cheeks, are most susceptible to infection. Repeated infection of the extremities can lead to chronic swelling. Most cases of erysipelas are due to Streptococcus pyogenes, although non-group A streptococci can be the causative agent. Beta-hemolytic, non-group A streptococci include Streptococcus agalactiae known as group B strep or GBS; the face was most affected. The rash is due to an exotoxin, not the Streptococcus bacteria, is found in areas where no symptoms are present. Erysipelas infections can enter the skin through minor trauma, insect bites, dog bites, athlete's foot, surgical incisions and ulcers and originate from streptococci bacteria in the subject's own nasal passages.
Infection sets in after abrasion spreads, resulting in toxaemia. Erysipelas does not affect subcutaneous tissue, it does not release pus, only serum or serous fluid. Subcutaneous edema may lead the physician to misdiagnose it as cellulitis, but the pattern of the rash is much more well circumscribed and marginated than the rash of cellulitis; this disease is most common among the elderly and children. People with immune deficiency, alcoholism, skin ulceration, fungal infections, impaired lymphatic drainage are at increased risk; this disease is diagnosed by the appearance of well-demarcated rash and inflammation. Blood cultures may be used to test for sepsis. Erysipelas must be differentiated from herpes zoster, contact dermatitis, erythema chronicum migrans of early Lyme disease, septic arthritis, septic bursitis, allergic reaction to an insect bite, acute drug reaction, deep venous thrombosis and diffuse inflammatory carcinoma of the breast. Erysipelas can be distinguished from cellulitis by sharp borders.
Elevation of the antistreptolysin O titer occurs after around 10 days of illness. Depending on the severity, treatment involves either oral or intravenous antibiotics, using penicillins, clindamycin, or erythromycin. While illness symptoms resolve in a day or two, the skin may take weeks to return to normal; because of the risk of reinfection, prophylactic antibiotics are sometimes used after resolution of the initial condition. However, this approach does not always stop reinfection; the disease prognosis includes: Spread of infection to other areas of body can occur through the bloodstream, including septic arthritis. Glomerulonephritis can follow an episode of streptococcal erysipelas or other skin infection, but not rheumatic fever. Recurrence of infection: Erysipelas can recur in 18–30% of cases after antibiotic treatment. A chronic state of recurrent erysipelas infections can occur with several predisposing factors including alcoholism and tinea pedis. Another predisposing factor is chronic cutaneous edema, such as can in turn be caused by venous insufficiency or heart failure.
Lymphatic damage Necrotizing fasciitis known as "flesh-eating" bacterial infection, is a deadly exacerbation of the infection if it spreads to deeper tissue
The Port Arthur Federated Women's Clubhouse, at 1924 Lakeshore Dr. in Port Arthur, Texas, is a women's club building, built in 1924. It has been known as The Department Clubhouse, it was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1985. It is located in Lakeshore Park, it served asheadquarters for a prestigious and progressive league of women's clubs which date from Port Arthur's founding. Clubwomen have contributed to Port Arthur's social and political life throughout its history; the building was constructed in 1924 and has been used since as headquarters for clubwomen. Designed by Charles L. Wignall, a respected Port Arthur architect, it is one of the most pretentiously designed Bungaloid structures in town; the building's design and location in Lakeshore Park in what was once the most fashionable part of town are conspicuous reminders of the club's prominence in the community
Eloísa Maturén Vallado is a Venezuelan journalist, cultural entrepreneur, former dancer. Eloísa Maturén began her academic dance studies in Caracas, at the Escuela Ballet-Arte, graduated after seven years, she joined the cast of the ballet company of the Teresa Carreño Theater, the national ballet of Venezuela, under the artistic direction of Vicente Nebrada. At the same time that she was developing her career as a ballerina, she studied social communication at the Central University of Venezuela, graduating cum laude, she worked as a correspondent for the newspaper El Nacional and the magazine Todo en Domingo, as well as an announcer for the station Unión Radio. For a time she moved to Madrid, to London, where she studied contemporary dance and English. In 2008, Maturén ventured into production management when she founded Ciclorama Producciones Escénicas, a company dedicated to the production of dance and film events in Venezuela and abroad. With this company, she put on the Festival Viva Nebrada in 2008, 2010, 2013.
Maturén was executive producer of the documentaries Dudamel: El sonido de los niños, by director Alberto Arvelo, Don Armando, by Jonathan Reverón. In 2012 she entered the field of acting, upon receiving an invitation from Venezuelan director Fina Torres to participate in the film Liz in September, where she performed alongside Patricia Velásquez, Elba Escobar, Mimí Lazo, Sheila Monterola, Arlette Torres. In 2008, on the initiative of Eloísa Maturén, the Festival Viva Nebrada was created; this event seeks to keep Vicente Nebrada's choreographical legacy alive for new generations in Venezuela, as well as to promote and support Venezuelan choreographers, providing them with an appropriate platform for the development of their creativity. Conceived as a multidisciplinary gathering, it has a place for the different manifestations of dance, with themes that focus on bringing dance to the street; the first edition of the Festival Viva Nebrada was held from 28 July to 1 August 2008. The event, organized by Maturén's Ciclorama Producciones Escénicas and the Morella Muñoz Foundation, culminated with two galas in the Aula Magna of the Central University of Venezuela, with the participation of prominent Venezuelan and foreign dancers and the Orquesta Sinfónica Simón Bolívar, conducted by Maturén's then-husband Maestro Gustavo Dudamel.
The second edition of the Festival was held from 7 to 25 July 2010, was entitled "Vive la danza". The theme of this edition was more urban, taking the different points of the city of Caracas with several dance groups and different styles, ranging from hip-hop through flamenco, contemporary dance, it ended with two dance galas at the Teresa Carreño Theater, where four dance schools from Venezuela participated with works by four choreographers, the Orquesta Sinfónica de la Juventud Venezolana Simón Bolívar, conducted by Gustavo Dudamel. The third edition of the Festival was held from 24 to 30 June 2013, was titled "Festival Vive la Danza", its shows were held in five plazas emblematic of the city of Caracas, featured work by 27 choreographers who work in the capital. Official website Eloísa Maturén on IMDb