Escadron de Transformation Rafale 3/4 Aquitaine

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Escadron de Transformation Rafale 3/4 Aquitaine
Active November 1 1958 - present
Country  France
Branch French-roundel.svg French Air Force
Type Chasse Fr
Hunter Eng
Part of 4e Escadre de Chasse
composed of 2 Escadrilles:
4B3
I/25 (2)
Equipment Rafale

The Escadron]] de Transformation Rafale 3/4 Aquitaine is an Operational conversion unit of the French Air Force flying the Dassault Rafale, based at Saint-Dizier – Robinson Air Base.

The unit has taken up the traditions of Escadron de Bombardement 2/92 Aquitaine (EB 2/92 Aquitaine) which operated SNCASO SO-4050 Vautour then CIFAS 328 Aquitaine on Dassault Mirage IVA.

The squadron was reformed under the designation of Escadron de Transformation Rafale 2/92 Aquitaine on October 6 2010 at St-Dizier-Robinson, presided over by the then Minister of Défense.[1] The 2/92 Aquitaine was attached as of August 26 2015 to the 4th Fighter Wing which was reformed the same day on the same base.[2].

The unit took the current designation of Escadron de Transformation Rafale 3/4 Aquitaine on September 1 2016. The squadron operates the Rafales of the French Air Force, and equally operates the Rafale M as part of French Naval Aviation. In 2017, three Rafale M were assigned to the squadron.[3].

History[edit]

Cognac[edit]

Vautour IIB du 2/92 Aquitaine.
Rafale B317 113-HO of the ETR 2/92.

The center of Bombardment instruction - Centre d'Instruction du Bombardement 328 (CIB 328) was established at Cognac. Constituted of a squadron on B-26 Invader and another on CM-170 Magister, SNCASO SO-4050 VautourIIA and Vautour IIB, the mission of the latter was the selection and instruction of future unit crews of the B-26 and the Squadrons of bombardment Vautour.

The 92nd Bombardment Brigade was formed on December 12 1958 at Cognac. The Escadron de Bombardement 2/92 was created towards the end of 1959. On May 26 195, the squadron retook traditions of the GB I/25 Tunisia and adopted the designation of Escadron de Bombardement 2/92 Aquitaine (the "Tunisia" designation was abandoned after the country became independent).

In addition to the 2/92 of the 92nd Brigade was composed of the CIB 328 and the Escadron de Bombardement 1/92 Bourgogne. The three squadrons operated the twin-seat version of the Vautour IIB, with bombardment at high altitude as its principal mission.

On Vautour to Bordeaux[edit]

Between March and April 1961, the 92nd Brigade was based at Bordeaux-Merignac Air Base.

Four Vautours of the 2/92 were detached one month to Thailand for Southeast Asia Treaty Organisation (SEATO) exercises.

The 92nd Brigade became the 92e Escadre de Bombardement (92e EB) on May 1 1964, with the 1/92 Bourgogne and 2/92 Aquitaine attached respectively to the unit.

Successive designations[edit]

  • Escadron de Bombardement 2/92 Aquitaine: from November 1 1958 until September 1 1974 (EB 2/92 Aquitaine)
  • Centre d'instruction des Forces aériennes stratégiques (CIFAS) 328 Aquitaine : from 01/09/1978 to 01/09/1991
  • Centre d'Instruction Tactique (CITAC) 339 Aquitaine : from 05/03/2001 to 30/06/2006
  • Escadron de Transformation Rafale 2/92 Aquitaine : from 01/06/2010 to 31/08/2015 (ETR 2/92 Aquitaine)
  • Escadron de Transformation Rafale 3/4 Aquitaine : as of September 1 2016 (ETR 3/4)

Successive attachments[edit]

Escadrilles[edit]

  • Escadrille 4B3
  • Escadrille I/25 (2)

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  • Historique de la 25e Escadre de Bombardement 25eEB du CIFAS328 "Aquitaine" 1936-1992 - 56 ans d'histoire édité par l'escadron en 1992.